keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

RICE

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778955/controlled-release-urea-reduced-nitrogen-leaching-and-improved-nitrogen-use-efficiency-and-yield-of-direct-seeded-rice
#1
Shugang Zhang, Tianlin Shen, Yuechao Yang, Yuncong C Li, Yongshan Wan, Min Zhang, Yafu Tang, Samuel C Allen
The use of controlled-release urea (CRU) has become one of best management practices for increasing crop yield and improving nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE). However, the effects of CRU on direct-seeded rice are not well understood while direct-seeding has gradually replaced transplanting due to increasing labor cost and lack of irrigation water. The objective of this two-year field experiment was to compare the effects of the CRU at four rates (120, 180, 240 and 360 kg N ha-1 , CRU1, CRU2, CRU3 and CRU4, respectively) with a conventional urea fertilizer (360 kg N ha-1 ; U) and a control (no N fertilizer applied; CK) on yield, biomass, NUE of direct-seeded rice and soil nutrients...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778795/bioaugmentation-with-clostridium-tyrobutyricum-to-improve-butyric-acid-production-through-direct-rice-straw-bioconversion
#2
Xue Chi, Jianzheng Li, Xin Wang, Yafei Zhang, Shao-Yuan Leu, Ying Wang
One-pot bioconversion is an economically attractive biorefinery strategy to reduce enzyme consumption. Direct conversion of lignocellulosic biomass for butyric acid production is still challenging because of competition among microorganisms. In a consolidated hydrolysis/fermentation bioprocessing (CBP) the microbial structure may eventually prefer the production of caproic acid rather than butyric acid production. This paper presents a new bioaugmentation approach for high butyric acid production from rice straw...
May 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778643/inheritance-of-co-edited-genes-by-crispr-based-targeted-nucleotide-substitutions-in-rice
#3
Zenpei Shimatani, Ushio Fujikura, Hisaki Ishii, Yusuke Matsui, Minoru Suzuki, Yuki Ueke, Ken-Ichiro Taoka, Rie Terada, Keiji Nishida, Akihiko Kondo
The CRISPR/Cas9 system is a revolutionary genome-editing tool for directed gene editing in various organisms. Cas9 variants can be applied as molecular homing devices when combined with various functional effectors such as transcriptional activators or DNA modification enzymes. Target-AID is a synthetic complex of nuclease deficient Cas9 fused to an activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) that enables targeted nucleotide substitution (C to T or G to A). We previously demonstrated that the introduction of desired point mutations into target genes by Target-AID confers herbicide tolerance to rice callus...
April 25, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778507/factors-associated-with-outcomes-and-inpatient-90-day-cost-of-care-in-endometrial-cancer-patients-undergoing-hysterectomy-implications-for-bundled-care-payments
#4
Aimee Rolston, Ryan J Spencer, R Kevin Reynolds, Laurel W Rice, Shitanshu Uppal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of obesity and other comorbidities as well as route of surgery with postoperative outcomes, as well as 30- and 90-day inpatient cost of care after hysterectomy for endometrial cancer. METHODS: From the 2013 National Readmission Database release, patients who underwent hysterectomy for endometrial cancer were included. Obesity was classified as non-obese (body mass index [BMI] < 35 kg/m2 ); class I/II obesity (BMI ≥ 35 but <40 kg/m2 and without obesity related medical condition qualifying it as morbid obesity), class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 OR BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 with an obesity-related medical condition)...
May 16, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778192/genomic-characterization-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-including-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-sciuri-causing-bovine-mastitis
#5
Manouchehr Khazandi, Abd Al-Bar Al-Farha, Geoffrey W Coombs, Mark O'Dea, Stanley Pang, Darren J Trott, Ricardo R Aviles, Farhid Hemmatzadeh, Henrietta Venter, Abiodun D Ogunniyi, Andrew Hoare, Sam Abraham, Kiro R Petrovski
Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) have recently emerged as a significant cause of bovine mastitis worldwide. Here we describe the isolation of MRCoNS from cases of bovine mastitis from a single dairy farm in Australia. Fourteen CoNS isolates were identified as MRCoNS on the basis of having an oxacillin MIC of ≥0.5 μg/mL. The isolates were speciated as S. chromogenes (n = 1) S. fleurettii (n = 1), S. haemolyticus (n = 2), S. sciuri (n = 5), S. simulans (n = 1) S...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777991/co-evolutionary-associations-between-root-associated-microbiomes-and-root-transcriptomes-in-wild-and-cultivated-rice-varieties
#6
Lei Tian, Shaohua Shi, Lina Ma, Fahad Nasir, Xiujun Li, Lam-Son Phan Tran, Chunjie Tian
The plants and root-associated microbiomes are closely related. Plant metabolic substances can serve as a nutrient source for the microbiome, and in return, the microbiome can regulate the production of plant metabolic substances. Wild rice (Oryza rufipogon), as the ancestor of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa), has changed several metabolic pathways and root-associated microbiome during evolution. Thus, the study of the different associations between metabolic pathways and root-associated microbiomes in wild and cultivated rice varieties is important for rice breeding...
April 13, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777526/dietary-intake-and-content-of-cu-mn-fe-and-zn-in-selected-cereal-products-marketed-in-poland
#7
Anna Winiarska-Mieczan, Edyta Kowalczuk-Vasilev, Katarzyna Kwiatkowska, Małgorzata Kwiecień, Ewa Baranowska-Wójcik, Bożena Kiczorowska, Renata Klebaniuk, Wioletta Samolińska
This paper aims to verify whether cereal products are a good source of Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn in the diets of Poles. The study material comprised of 445 cereal products including baked goods, breakfast cereals and groats, pasta, and rice. Products that required culinary treatment (pasta, groats, rice) were boiled in drinking quality water as recommended by the producer. The content of Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn was determined by using the FAAS method. The average content of microelements in the analyzed products can be represented as Fe (17...
May 18, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776806/resistant-gonorrhoea-east-meets-west
#8
Peter A Rice, Xiao-Hong Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776748/conserved-degradation-of-orthologous-rlcks-regulates-immune-homeostasis
#9
Jacqueline Monaghan
Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) AtBIK1 and rice (Oryza sativa) OsRLCK176 are orthologous receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases involved in immune signaling. Recent studies indicate that proteasomal turnover of these kinases is regulated by orthologous Ca2+ -dependent protein kinases AtCPK28 and OsCPK4, revealing conserved interplay between phosphorylation and ubiquitination in immune homeostasis.
May 15, 2018: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776460/validation-of-the-betastar-%C3%A2-advanced-for-beta-lactams-test-kit-for-the-screening-of-bulk-tank-and-tanker-truck-milks-for-the-presence-of-beta-lactam-drug-residues
#10
Andrew Denhartigh, Lindsay Reynolds, Katherine Palmer, Frank Klein, Jennifer Rice, John J Rejman
A validation study was conducted for an immunochromatographic method (BetaStar® Advanced for Beta-lactams) for the detection of beta-lactam residues in raw, commingled bovine milk. The assay detected amoxicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, penicillin, cephapirin, and ceftiofur below the U.S. Food and Drug Administration tolerance levels but above the maximum sensitivity thresholds established by the National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments. The results of internal and independent laboratory dose-response studies employing spiked samples were in agreement...
May 18, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776404/revisiting-out-of-pocket-requirements-trends-in-spending-financial-access-barriers-and-policy-in-ten-high-income-countries
#11
Thomas Rice, Wilm Quentin, Anders Anell, Andrew J Barnes, Pauline Rosenau, Lynn Y Unruh, Ewout van Ginneken
BACKGROUND: Countries rely on out-of-pocket (OOP) spending to different degrees and employ varying techniques. The article examines trends in OOP spending in ten high-income countries since 2000, and analyzes their relationship to self-assessed barriers to accessing health care services. The countries are Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. METHODS: Data from three sources are employed: OECD statistics, the Commonwealth Fund survey of individuals in each of ten countries, and country-specific documents on health care policies...
May 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776037/zero-crossing-statistics-for-non-markovian-time-series
#12
Markus Nyberg, Ludvig Lizana, Tobias Ambjörnsson
In applications spanning from image analysis and speech recognition to energy dissipation in turbulence and time-to failure of fatigued materials, researchers and engineers want to calculate how often a stochastic observable crosses a specific level, such as zero. At first glance this problem looks simple, but it is in fact theoretically very challenging, and therefore few exact results exist. One exception is the celebrated Rice formula that gives the mean number of zero crossings in a fixed time interval of a zero-mean Gaussian stationary process...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775934/arsenic-speciation-dynamics-in-paddy-rice-soil-water-environment-sources-physico-chemical-and-biological-factors-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Prasanna Kumarathilaka, Saman Seneweera, Andrew Meharg, Jochen Bundschuh
Rice is the main staple carbohydrate source for billions of people worldwide. Natural geogenic and anthropogenic sources has led to high arsenic (As) concentrations in rice grains. This is because As is highly bioavailable to rice roots under conditions in which rice is cultivated. A multifaceted and interdisciplinary understanding, both of short-term and long-term effects, are required to identify spatial and temporal changes in As contamination levels in paddy soil-water systems. During flooding, soil pore waters are elevated in inorganic As compared to dryland cultivation systems, as anaerobism results in poorly mobile As(V), being reduced to highly mobile As(III)...
April 21, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775862/identification-and-functional-characterization-of-a-max2-ortholog-from-switchgrass-panicum-virgatum-l
#14
Tingting Cheng, Donghua Wang, Yongfeng Wang, Shumeng Zhang, Chao Zhang, Shudong Liu, Yajun Xi, Fengli Sun
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a sustainable cellulosic energy crop with high biomass yield on marginal soils. Tillering, an important agronomic characteristic related to biomass production in gramineous plants, is regulated by complex interacting factors, such as plant hormones. Strigolactones (SLs) comprise a novel class of plant hormones that inhibit shoot branching. The MORE AXILLARY GROWTH2 (MAX2)/DWARF 3 (D3)/RAMOSUS (RMS4) genes encode proteins involved in the SL signaling pathway in various plants...
May 15, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775784/genome-wide-association-mapping-of-virulence-gene-in-rice-blast-fungus-magnaporthe-oryzae-using-a-genotyping-by-sequencing-approach
#15
Siripar Korinsak, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Wirulda Pootakham, Samart Wanchana, Anucha Plabpla, Chatchawan Jantasuriyarat, Sujin Patarapuwadol, Apichart Vanavichit, Theerayut Toojinda
Magnaporthe oryzae is a fungal pathogen causing blast disease in many plant species. In this study, Seventy three isolates of M. oryzae collected from rice (Oryza sativa) in 1996-2014 were genotyped using a genotyping-by-sequencing approach to detect genetic variation. Association study was performed to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associated with virulence genes using 831 selected SNP and infection phenotypes on local and improved rice varieties. Population structure analysis revealed eight subpopulations...
May 15, 2018: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775612/crystal-structure-of-wa352-provides-insight-into-cytoplasmic-male-sterility-in-rice
#16
Xiang Wang, Zeyuan Guan, Zhou Gong, Junjie Yan, Guangsheng Yang, Yao-Guang Liu, Ping Yin
Plant cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is an important phenomenon and is widely utilized in hybrid crop breeding. The Wild Abortive CMS (CMS-WA), a well-known CMS type, has been successfully applied in the commercial production of hybrid rice seeds for more than 40 years. The CMS-WA causal gene WA352 encodes a novel transmenbrane protein and the interacts with the mitochondrial copper chaperone COX11, triggering reactive oxygen species production and resulting in male sterility in CMS-WA lines. However, the structure of WA352 is currently unknown, and the structural mechanism whereby WA352 perturbs COX11 function to cause CMS remains largely unknown...
May 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775500/endosperm-sugar-accumulation-caused-by-mutation-of-phs8-isa1-leads-to-pre-harvest-sprouting-in-rice
#17
Lin Du, Fan Xu, Jun Fang, Shaopei Gao, Jiuyou Tang, Shuang Fang, Hongru Wang, Hongning Tong, Fengxia Zhang, Jinfang Chu, Guodong Wang, Chengcai Chu
Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) is an unfavorable trait in cereal crops which could seriously decrease grain yield and quality. Although some PHS-associated quantitative trait loci (QTL) or genes in cereals have been reported, the molecular mechanism underlying PHS remains largely elusive. Here, we characterized a rice mutant, phs8, which exhibits PHS phenotype accompanied by sugary endosperm. Map-based cloning revealed that PHS8 encodes a starch debranching enzyme named isoamylase1. Mutation in PHS8 resulted in the phytoglycogen breakdown and sugar accumulation in the endosperm...
May 18, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775494/osa-mir164a-targets-osnac60-and-negatively-regulates-rice-immunity-against-the-blast-fungus-magnaporthe-oryzae
#18
Zhaoyun Wang, Yeqiang Xia, Siyuan Lin, Yanru Wang, Baohuan Guo, Xiaoning Song, Shaochen Ding, Liyu Zheng, Ruiying Feng, Shulin Chen, Yalin Bao, Cong Sheng, Xin Zhang, Jianguo Wu, Dongdong Niu, Hailing Jin, Hongwei Zhao
Exploring the regulatory mechanism played by endogenous rice miRNAs in defense responses against the blast disease is of great significance in both resistant variety breeding and disease control management. We identified rice defense-related miRNAs by comparing rice miRNA expression patterns before and after Magnaporthe oryzae strain Guy11 infection. We discovered that osa-miR164a expression reduced upon Guy11 infection at both early and late stages, which was perfectly associated with the induced expression of its target gene, OsNAC60...
May 18, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775492/a-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-phosphatase-influences-grain-size-and-weight-in-rice
#19
Ran Xu, Haiyue Yu, Junmin Wang, Penggen Duan, Baolan Zhang, Jing Li, Yu Li, Jinsong Xu, Jia Lyu, Na Li, Tuanyao Chai, Yunhai Li
Grain size and weight are directly associated with grain yield in crops. However, the molecular mechanisms that set final grain size and weight remain largely unknown. Here, we characterize two large grain mutants, large grain8-1 (large8-1) and large grain8-2 (large8-2). LARGE8 encodes the mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase1 (OsMKP1). Loss of function mutations in OsMKP1 results in large grains, while overexpression of OsMKP1 leads to small grains. OsMKP1 determines grain size by restricting cell proliferation in grain hulls...
May 18, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775422/fate-of-four-phthalate-plasticizers-under-various-wastewater-treatment-processes
#20
Dana L Armstrong, Clifford P Rice, Mark Ramirez, Alba Torrents
The fate of four phthalate plasticizers during wastewater treatment processes at six different wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) was investigated. Concentrations of benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), diisononyl phthalate (DiNP), and diisodecyl phthalate (DiDP) were determined prior to either aerobic or anaerobic (conventional and advanced) treatment, after treatment, and in final, dewatered solids. Despite their elevated use worldwide, the fate of DiNP and DiDP during wastewater treatment have not been well characterized...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
keyword
keyword
19403
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"