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Low grade glioma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777252/noninvasively-evaluating-the-grading-and-idh1-mutation-status-of-diffuse-gliomas-by-three-dimensional-pseudo-continuous-arterial-spin-labeling-and-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#1
Tingting Liu, Guang Cheng, Xiaowei Kang, Yibin Xi, Yuanqiang Zhu, Kai Wang, Chao Sun, Jing Ye, Ping Li, Hong Yin
PURPOSE: To noninvasively evaluate the value of three-dimensional pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (3D pCASL) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in diffuse gliomas grading as well as isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 mutation status. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with pathologically confirmed diffuse gliomas with preoperative 3D pCASL and DWI were enrolled in this study. The Student's t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to evaluate differences in parameters of DWI and 3D pCASL between low and high grade as well as between mutant and wild-type IDH1 diffuse gliomas; receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the diagnostic performance...
May 18, 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775768/canine-pet-dog-tumor-microsurgery-and-intratumoral-concentration-and-safety-of-metronomic-chlorambucil-for-spontaneous-glioma-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#2
R Timothy Bentley, Stephanie A Thomovsky, Margaret A Miller, Deborah W Knapp, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
INTRODUCTION: Metronomic (daily low-dose) chlorambucil requires further study before implementation in human glioma. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the distribution and safety of metronomic chlorambucil in naturally occurring canine glioma. METHODS: Eight client-owned (pet) dogs with newly diagnosed spontaneous glioma were prospectively enrolled. Chlorambucil was administered preoperatively at 4 mg/m2 q 24hr for ≥ 3 days, and continued postoperatively until death or dose-limiting adverse events...
May 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774868/-seizure-susceptible-brain-regions-in-patients-with-low-grade-gliomas
#3
Yinyan Wang, Tao Jiang
Patients afflicted with low-grade glioma frequently suffer from seizures. The mechanisms for seizure initiation in these patients remain poorly understood. Tumor location is correlated with seizure initiation. However, these correlative studies rely on dichotomized data analysis which is based on arbitrary lobe assignments. As a result, the lesion-symptom correlation may be incorrectly interpreted. Categorizing patients according to tumor involvement in a single brain lobe might cause the neglect of important information, such as lesion location and lesion volume...
April 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770223/profound-hearing-loss-following-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-with-posterior-fossa-low-grade-glioma
#4
Yahya Ghazwani, Ibrahim Qaddoumi, Johnnie K Bass, Shengjie Wu, Jason Chiang, Frederick Boop, Amar Gajjar, Zsila Sadighi
Background: Hearing loss may occur in patients with posterior fossa low-grade glioma who undergo surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 217 patients with posterior fossa low-grade glioma, including 115 for whom results of hearing tests performed after surgery and before chemotherapy or radiation therapy were available. We explored the association of UHL with age at diagnosis, sex, race, tumor location, extent of resection, posterior fossa syndrome, ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement, and histology...
May 2018: Neuro-oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769414/clinical-utility-of-arterial-spin-labeling-for-preoperative-grading-of-glioma-a-diagnostic-meta-analysis
#5
Linchen Li, Xinjun Wang, Min Zhang, Yan Zhang
There were obvious differences in biological behavior and prognosis between low-grade glioma and high-grade glioma, it is of great importance for clinicians to make a right judgement for preoperative grading. We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical utility of arterial spin labeling for preoperative grading. We searched the PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Weipu electronic databases for articles published through November 10, 2017 and used "arterial spin-labeling" OR "ASL perfusion, grading" OR "differentiation, glioma" OR "glial tumor, diagnostic test" as the search terms...
May 16, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769307/orally-bioavailable-and-blood-brain-barrier-penetrating-atm-inhibitor-az32-radiosensitizes-intracranial-gliomas-in-mice
#6
Jeremy Karlin, Jasmine Allen, Syed F Ahmad, Gareth Hughes, Victoria Sheridan, Rajesh Odedra, Paul Farrington, Elaine B Cadogan, Lucy C Riches, Antonio Garcia-Trinidad, Andrew G Thomason, Bhavika Patel, Jennifer Vincent, Alan Lau, Kurt G Pike, Thomas A Hunt, Amrita Sule, Nicholas C K Valerie, Laura Biddlestone-Thorpe, Jenna Kahn, Jason M Beckta, Nitai Mukhopadhyay, Bernard Barlaam, Sebastien L Degorce, Jason Kettle, Nicola Colclough, Joanne Wilson, Aaron Smith, Ian P Barrett, Li Zheng, Tianwei Zhang, Yingchun Wang, Kan Chen, Martin Pass, Stephen T Durant, Kristoffer Valerie
Inhibition of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) during radiotherapy of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) may improve tumor control by short-circuiting the response to radiation-induced DNA damage. A major impediment for clinical implementation is that current inhibitors have limited CNS bioavailability, thus, the goal was to identify ATM inhibitors (ATMi) with improved CNS penetration. Drug screens and refinement of lead compounds identified AZ31 and AZ32. The compounds were then tested in vivo for efficacy and impact on tumor and healthy brain...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766345/visual-function-assessed-by-visually-evoked-potentials-in-optic-pathway-low-grade-gliomas-with-and-without-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#7
Patrícia de Freitas Dotto, Adriana Berezovsky, Andrea Maria Cappellano, Nasjla Saba da Silva, Paula Yuri Sacai, Frederico Adolfo B Silva, Arthur Gustavo Fernandes, Daniel Martins Rocha, Solange Rios Salomão
PURPOSE: To investigate the contribution of full-field transient pattern-reversal visually evoked potentials (PRVEP) on cross-sectional evaluations of visual function in patients with and without neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) affected by optic pathway low-grade gliomas (OPLGG). METHODS: Participants were children and adolescents referred for visual function evaluation and receiving treatment for OPLGG, linked (NF1-OPLGG) or not to NF1 (Non-NF1-OPLGG). An age-adjusted control group was included for comparison...
May 15, 2018: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763764/machine-learning-based-brain-tumour-segmentation-on-limited-data-using-local-texture-and-abnormality
#8
Stijn Bonte, Ingeborg Goethals, Roel Van Holen
Brain tumour segmentation in medical images is a very challenging task due to the large variety in tumour shape, position, appearance, scanning modalities and scanning parameters. Most existing segmentation algorithms use information from four different MRI-sequences, but since this is often not available, there is need for a method able to delineate the different tumour tissues based on a minimal amount of data. We present a novel approach using a Random Forests model combining voxelwise texture and abnormality features on a contrast-enhanced T1 and FLAIR MRI...
May 7, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761369/oligodendrogliomas-in-pediatric-and-teenage-patients-only-rarely-exhibit-molecular-markers-and-patients-have-excellent-survivals
#9
Yan-Xi Li, Abudumijiti Aibaidula, Zhifeng Shi, Hong Chen, Kay Ka-Wai Li, Nellie Yuk-Fei Chung, Ryan Rui Yang, Danny Tat-Ming Chan, Wai Sang Poon, Ka Lok Ryan Lee, Ying Mao, Jinsong Wu, Aden Ka-Yin Chan, Liangfu Zhou, Ho-Keung Ng
Although oligodendrogliomas appear histologically similar in adult and pediatric patients, the latter have only been rarely studied and most of those studies did not have long follow-up. We examined 55 oligodendroglial tumors from pediatric and teenage patients for their biomarkers with formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues and studied their survival status. None of the tumors harbored 1p/19q codeletion or IDH mutation. Mutations in TERTp (4%), BRAF (11%), FGFR1 (3%) and H3F3A (5%), fusions of BRAF (8%) and FGFR1 (8%) were found sparingly and almost all in a mutually exclusive manner...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755716/automatic-semantic-segmentation-of-brain-gliomas-from-mri-images-using-a-deep-cascaded-neural-network
#10
Shaoguo Cui, Lei Mao, Jingfeng Jiang, Chang Liu, Shuyu Xiong
Brain tumors can appear anywhere in the brain and have vastly different sizes and morphology. Additionally, these tumors are often diffused and poorly contrasted. Consequently, the segmentation of brain tumor and intratumor subregions using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data with minimal human interventions remains a challenging task. In this paper, we present a novel fully automatic segmentation method from MRI data containing in vivo brain gliomas. This approach can not only localize the entire tumor region but can also accurately segment the intratumor structure...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752976/can-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-evaluate-vegf-expression-in-brain-glioma-an-mri-guided-stereotactic-biopsy-study
#11
Ningning Di, Wenna Cheng, Xingyue Jiang, Xinjiang Liu, Jinliang Zhou, Qian Xie, Zhihui Chu, Huacheng Chen, Bin Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate whether pharmacokinetic parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) can be used to evaluate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in brain glioma based on a point-to-point basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients with treatment-naïve glioma received preoperative DCE-MRI before stereotactic biopsy. We histologically quantified VEGF from section of stereotactic biopsies, and co-registered biopsy locations with localized measurements of DCE-MRI parameters including volume transfer coefficient (Ktrans ), reverse reflux rate constant (Kep), extracellular extravascular volume fraction (Ve) and blood plasma volume (Vp)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750399/single-agent-bevacizumab-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-or-refractory-pediatric-low-grade-glioma-a-single-institutional-experience
#12
Hamza S Gorsi, Paritosh C Khanna, Mark Tumblin, Lanipua Yeh-Nayre, Mehrzad Milburn, Jennifer D Elster, John R Crawford
INTRODUCTION: Bevacizumab-based therapy has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of refractory or recurrent pediatric low-grade glioma (LGG); however its efficacy as a single agent is less understood. METHODS: We report our experience with single-agent bevacizumab for the treatment of recurrent or refractory LGG treated with either standard 2 week dosing (10 mg/kg/dose every 2 weeks) or with a standard 2 week dosing followed by an increased interval dosing (10 mg/kg/dose every 4 weeks)...
May 11, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749277/correlations-between-clinical-hormone-change-and-pathological-features-of-pituicytoma
#13
Ting-Wei Chang, Ching-Yi Lee, Shih-Ming Jung, Hung-Yi Lai, Chun-Ting Chen, Mun-Chun Yeap, Chi-Cheng Chuang, Peng-Wei Hsu, Chen-Nen Chang, Po-Hsun Tu, Shih-Tseng Lee
PURPOSE: Pituicytoma is a rare low-grade glioma arising from the pituicytes of the posterior pituitary. To date, the clinical and pathological correlates of pituicytoma have not been investigated. This study was thus designed to examine the correlation between pituicytoma and the normal pituitary gland. METHODS: The records of patients who underwent pituitary surgery at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Linkou, Taiwan between 2000 and 2016 were reviewed. Patients who received a pathological diagnosis of pituicytoma were included; however, those with inadequate specimens for pathological study were excluded...
May 11, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748206/deep-learning-convolutional-neural-networks-accurately-classify-genetic-mutations-in-gliomas
#14
P Chang, J Grinband, B D Weinberg, M Bardis, M Khy, G Cadena, M-Y Su, S Cha, C G Filippi, D Bota, P Baldi, L M Poisson, R Jain, D Chow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The World Health Organization has recently placed new emphasis on the integration of genetic information for gliomas. While tissue sampling remains the criterion standard, noninvasive imaging techniques may provide complimentary insight into clinically relevant genetic mutations. Our aim was to train a convolutional neural network to independently predict underlying molecular genetic mutation status in gliomas with high accuracy and identify the most predictive imaging features for each mutation...
May 10, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745085/significance-of-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-combined-with-ki-67-and-vegf-detection-in-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-evaluation-of-brain-glioma
#15
Xuexia Yuan, Deguo Liu, Yanhui Wang, Xiaoxia Li
PURPOSE: To investigate the significance of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) combined with Ki-67 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) detection in the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of brain glioma. METHODS: 78 patients with brain glioma treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from January 2015 to August 2017 were studied. All patients underwent the NMR diffusion tensor imaging examination. The expressions of Ki-67 and VEGF in brain glioma tissues were detected using immunohistochemistry and survival analyses were performed for patients in high apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) group and low ADC group, high-expression Ki-67 and VEGF group and low-expression Ki-67 and VEGF group before treatment...
March 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741404/overexpression-of-fn14-in-gliomas-tumor-progression-and-poor-prognosis
#16
Dan Tan, Feng-Mei Pang, Dan Li, Longbo Zhang, Jun Wu, Zhao-Qian Liu, Xi Li, Han Yan
AIM: To confirm whether the expression level of Fn14 could affect progression or prognosis of glioma patients. METHODS: Glioma cohorts in The Cancer Genome Atlas, Gene Expression Omnibus and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas databases were comprehensively analyzed. RESULTS: Low-grade patients had lower expression level of Fn14, while patients with higher expression of Fn14 tended to harbor shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. The expression level of Fn14 was downregulated by IDH1/IDH2 mutations while its gene body methylation was upregulated...
May 9, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741274/neurologic-impairments-from-pediatric-low-grade-glioma-by-tumor-location-and-timing-of-diagnosis
#17
Zsila S Sadighi, Elizabeth Curtis, Jennifer Zabrowksi, Catherine Billups, Amar Gajjar, Raja Khan, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: The neurologic outcomes of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) according to tumor location and duration of presenting symptoms remain poorly characterized in children. PROCEDURE: We retrospectively reviewed neurologic impairments in 246 pediatric patients with LGGs (88 with optic pathway and midline tumors, 56 with posterior fossa tumors, 52 with cerebral hemisphere tumors, 35 with brainstem tumors, and 15 with spinal cord tumors) who were treated at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital between 1995 and 2005...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740523/use-of-preoperative-apparent-diffusion-coefficients-to-predict-brain-tumor-grade
#18
Aneela Darbar, Muhammad Waqas, Syed Faaiz Enam, Shaikh D Mahmood
Introduction The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) sequence is based on the diffusion properties of water molecules within tissues and correlates with tissue cellularity. ADC may have a role in predicting tumor grade for gliomas, and may in turn assist in identifying tumor biopsy sites. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the competence of preoperative ADC values in predicting tumor grades. Methods This was a retrospective investigation. We calculated the ADC values in the areas of greatest restriction in solid tumor components, and we recorded the pattern of contrast enhancement...
March 7, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740097/impact-of-18-f-fet-pet-on-target-volume-definition-and-tumor-progression-of-recurrent-high-grade-glioma-treated-with-carbon-ion-radiotherapy
#19
Charlotte Debus, Maria Waltenberger, Ralf Floca, Ali Afshar-Oromieh, Nina Bougatf, Sebastian Adeberg, Sabine Heiland, Martin Bendszus, Wolfgang Wick, Stefan Rieken, Uwe Haberkorn, Jürgen Debus, Maximilian Knoll, Amir Abdollahi
High-precision radiotherapy (HPR) of recurrent high grade glioma (HGG) requires accurate spatial allocation of these infiltrative tumors. We investigated the impact of 18 F-FET PET on tumor delineation and progression of recurrent HGG after HPR with carbon ions. T1 contrast enhanced MRI and 18 F-FET-PET scans of 26 HGG patients were fused with radiotherapy planning volumes. PET-positive (PET+) tumor volumes using different isocontours (I%) were systematically investigated and compared with MRI-derived gross tumor volumes (GTV)...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735438/-erythropoietin-accelerates-the-proliferation-of-glioma-cells-via-activating-akt-pathway
#20
Zi-Li Liu, Zhao-Hua Tang, Gang Huo, Fei-Lan Chen, Wen-Tao Wang, Wen-Xin Zeng, Hong Chen, Xin Li, Chen Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether erythropoietin (EPO) promotes rapid proliferation of glioma through Akt pathway. METHODS: We detected the expression of EPO in human glioma tissues using immunohistochemistry. A nude mouse model bearing human glioma U87 cell xenograft was established and given intraperitoneal injection of EPO or saline every other day, and the tumor growth was observed. In the in vitro experiment, U87 cells were treated with PBS (control), EPO, or EPO with Akt inhibitor, and the expression of p-Akt and cyclin D1 was detected using Western blotting; the cell proliferation rate was determined using cell counting kit-8 and clone formation assay, and the cell cycle changes were analyzed with flow cytometry...
April 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
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