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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805321/editorial-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-ulcerative-colitis-not-quite-there-yet-authors-reply
#1
EDITORIAL
S P Costello, W Soo, R V Bryant, V Jairath, A L Hart, J M Andrews
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804970/arrhythmogenic-gene-remodelling-in-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-with-aortic-stenosis-and-normal-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#2
R Ashrafi, P Modi, A Y Oo, D M Pullan, K Jian, H Zhang, J Yanni Gerges, G Hart, M R Boyett, G K Davis, J P H Wilding
Type 2 diabetes is associated with higher rate of ventricular arrhythmias and this is hypothesised to be independent of coronary artery disease or hypertension. To investigate further we compared changes in left ventricular myocardial gene expression in Type 2 diabetes to patients in a control group with left ventricular hypertrophy. 9 control patients and 7 patients with type 2 diabetes with aortic stenosis undergoing aortic valve replacement had standard ECGs, signal averaged ECGs and echocardiograms prior to surgery...
August 14, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804728/relationships-of-muscle-function-and-subjective-knee-function-in-patients-after-acl-reconstruction
#3
Stephan Bodkin, John Goetschius, Jay Hertel, Joe Hart
BACKGROUND: After anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), relationships between objective measures of muscle function and patient-reported outcomes may change over time. Examining these measures at different time frames after surgery may help develop individualized approaches to improve post-ALCR analysis. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between subjective knee function and lower-extremity muscle function in individual patients at various time points after ACLR...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803040/attachment-and-thought-problems-in-an-adolescent-inpatient-sample-the-mediational-role-of-theory-of-mind
#4
Jessica R Hart, Amanda Venta, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented increased incidence of insecure attachment and theory of mind (ToM) deficits in individuals experiencing psychotic disorders. ToM has been theorized as a possible mediator of the relation between attachment and psychosis (Korver-Nieberg et al., 2014). The current study sought to extend this area of research to adolescents for the first time by examining adolescent-parent attachment and ToM in inpatient adolescents. METHODS: Participants were 362 inpatient adolescents and their parents; participants completed the Child Attachment Interview, Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition, Youth Self Report, and Child Behavior Checklist...
July 13, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802696/community-acquired-pneumonia-visualized-on-computed-tomography-but-not-chest-x-ray-pathogens-severity-and-clinical-outcomes
#5
Cameron P Upchurch, Carlos G Grijalva, Richard G Wunderink, Derek J Williams, Grant W Waterer, Evan J Anderson, Yuwei Zhu, Eric M Hart, Frank Carroll, Anna M Bramley, Seema Jain, Kathryn M Edwards, Wesley H Self
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of pneumonia visualized on computed tomography (CT) in the setting of a normal chest x-ray (CXR) is uncertain. METHODS: In a multicenter prospective surveillance study of adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), we compared the presenting clinical features, pathogens, and outcomes of patients with pneumonia visualized on CT but not on concurrent CXR (CT-only pneumonia) and those with pneumonia visualized on CXR...
August 9, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801437/patient-experience-of-nhs-health-checks-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#6
Juliet A Usher-Smith, Emma Harte, Calum MacLure, Adam Martin, Catherine L Saunders, Catherine Meads, Fiona M Walter, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant
OBJECTIVE: To review the experiences of patients attending NHS Health Checks in England. DESIGN: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies with a thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of Medline, Embase, Health Management Information Consortium, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, OpenGrey, the Cochrane Library, National Health Service (NHS) Evidence, Google Scholar, Google, Clinical Trials...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801168/please-don-t-move-evaluating-motion-artifact-from-peripheral-quantitative-computed-tomography-scans-using-textural-features
#7
Timo Rantalainen, Paola Chivers, Belinda R Beck, Sam Robertson, Nicolas H Hart, Sophia Nimphius, Benjamin K Weeks, Fleur McIntyre, Beth Hands, Aris Siafarikas
Most imaging methods, including peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), are susceptible to motion artifacts particularly in fidgety pediatric populations. Methods currently used to address motion artifact include manual screening (visual inspection) and objective assessments of the scans. However, previously reported objective methods either cannot be applied on the reconstructed image or have not been tested for distal bone sites. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to develop and validate motion artifact classifiers to quantify motion artifact in pQCT scans...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800298/impact-of-field-number-and-beam-angle-on-functional-image-guided-lung-cancer-radiotherapy-planning
#8
Bilal A Tahir, Chris M Bragg, Jim M Wild, James A Swinscoe, Sarah E Lawless, Kerry A Hart, Matthew Q Hatton, Rob H Ireland
To investigate the effect of beam angles and field number on functionally-guided intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) normal lung avoidance treatment plans that incorporate hyperpolarised helium-3 magnetic resonance imaging ((3)He MRI) ventilation data. Eight non-small cell lung cancer patients had pre-treatment (3)He MRI that was registered to inspiration breath-hold radiotherapy planning computed tomography. IMRT plans that minimised the volume of total lung receiving  ⩾20 Gy (V20) were compared with plans that minimised (3)He MRI defined functional lung receiving  ⩾20 Gy (fV20)...
August 11, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800252/progressive-changes-in-walking-kinematics-and-kinetics-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-reconstruction-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Lindsay V Slater, Joseph M Hart, Adam R Kelly, Christopher M Kuenze
CONTEXT:   Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and ACL reconstruction (ACLR) result in persistent alterations in lower extremity movement patterns. The progression of lower extremity biomechanics from the time of injury has not been described. OBJECTIVE:   To compare the 3-dimensional (3D) lower extremity kinematics and kinetics of walking among individuals with ACL deficiency (ACLD), individuals with ACLR, and healthy control participants from 3 to 64 months after ACLR...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799586/elucidating-the-impact-of-a-site-cation-change-on-photocatalytic-h2-and-o2-evolution-activities-of-perovskite-type-lntaon2-ln-la-and-pr
#10
Mirabbos Hojamberdiev, Maged F Bekheet, Judy N Hart, Junie Jhon M Vequizo, Akira Yamakata, Kunio Yubuta, Aleksander Gurlo, Masashi Hasegawa, Kazunari Domen, Katsuya Teshima
Transition metal (oxy)nitrides with perovskite-type structures have been regarded as one of the promising classes of inorganic semiconductor materials that can be used in solar water splitting systems for the production of hydrogen as a renewable and storable energy carrier. The performance of transition metal (oxy)nitrides in solar water splitting is strongly influenced by the crystal structure-related dynamics of photogenerated charge carriers. Here, we have systematically assessed the influence of A-site cation exchange on the visible-light-induced photocatalytic H2 and O2 evolution activities, photoanodic response, and dynamics of photogenerated charge carriers of perovskite-type LnTaON2 (Ln = La and Pr)...
August 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799179/what-are-the-dietary-treatment-research-priorities-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-short-report-based-on-a-priority-setting-partnership-with-the-james-lind-alliance
#11
M C Lomer, A L Hart, A Verjee, A Daly, J Solomon, J Mclaughlin
BACKGROUND: Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves a multidisciplinary approach comprising medical management and sometimes surgery. Although diet is central to IBD management, the optimal diet for patients with IBD is uncertain. A UK collaborative partnership within the James Lind Alliance was set up between patients, clinicians and other stakeholders to develop research priorities in IBD. The aim of this short report is to provide a comprehensive summary of the research priority findings relating to diet in the treatment of IBD...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796603/ear-eeg-based-objective-hearing-threshold-estimation-evaluated-on-normal-hearing-subjects
#12
Christian Bech Christensen, James Michael Harte, Thomas Lunner, Preben Kidmose
OBJECTIVE: Hearing threshold levels have been estimated successfully in the clinic using the objective EEG-based technique of auditory steady state response (ASSR). The recent method of ear-EEG could enable ASSR hearing tests to be made in everyday life, rather than in a specialized clinic, enabling cheaper and easier monitoring of audiometric thresholds over time. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the feasibility of ear-EEG in audiometric characterization of auditory sensitivity thresholds...
August 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796342/elucidation-of-insulin-assembly-at-acidic-and-neutral-ph-characterization-of-low-molecular-weight-oligomers
#13
Matthew T Mawhinney, Thomas L Williams, James L Hart, Mitra L Taheri, Brigita Urbanc
Deficiency in insulin secretion and function that characterize type 2 diabetes often requires administration of extraneous insulin, leading to injection-site amyloidosis. Insulin aggregation at neutral pH is not well understood. Although oligomer formation is believed to play an important role, insulin oligomers have not been fully characterized yet. Here, we elucidate similarities and differences between in vitro insulin aggregation at acidic and neutral pH for a range of insulin concentrations (2.5-100 μM) by using kinetic thioflavin T fluorescence, circular dichroism, atomic force and electron microscopy imaging...
August 10, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796136/local-and-systemic-expression-of-immunomodulatory-factors-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#14
Hannah M Komar, Phil A Hart, Zobeida Cruz-Monserrate, Darwin L Conwell, Gregory B Lesinski
Inflammatory and fibrotic events that drive chronic pancreatitis (CP) are likely orchestrated via signaling of soluble cytokines and chemokines systemically and within the pancreas. However, a comprehensive summary of the expression of such factors during CP has not been reported to date. This information is important given continued interest in targeting cytokines that influence CP pathogenesis. Reported data on the expression change of soluble immunomodulatory factors in human CP patients were identified via a literature search using a single search term...
September 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796118/emotional-awareness-and-expression-therapy-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-education-for-fibromyalgia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mark A Lumley, Howard Schubiner, Nancy A Lockhart, Kelley M Kidwell, Steven E Harte, Daniel J Clauw, David A Williams
Patients with FM experience increased lifetime levels of psychosocial adversity, trauma, and emotional conflict. To address these risk factors, we developed Emotion Awareness and Expression Therapy (EAET) and tested its benefits against an active control condition, FM Education, and against the field's gold standard intervention for FM, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for symptom management. Adults with FM (n = 230) formed 40 treatment groups, which were randomized to EAET, CBT, or Education and given eight, 90-min sessions...
August 8, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794274/stable-isotope-analyses-of-feather-amino-acids-identify-penguin-migration-strategies-at-ocean-basin-scales
#16
Michael J Polito, Jefferson T Hinke, Tom Hart, Mercedes Santos, Leah A Houghton, Simon R Thorrold
Identifying the at-sea distribution of wide-ranging marine predators is critical to understanding their ecology. Advances in electronic tracking devices and intrinsic biogeochemical markers have greatly improved our ability to track animal movements on ocean-wide scales. Here, we show that, in combination with direct tracking, stable carbon isotope analysis of essential amino acids in tail feathers provides the ability to track the movement patterns of two, wide-ranging penguin species over ocean basin scales...
August 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794095/the-majority-of-irregular-menstrual-cycles-in-adolescence-are-ovulatory-results-of-a-prospective-study
#17
Alexia S Peà A, Dorota A Doherty, Helen C Atkinson, Martha Hickey, Robert J Norman, Roger Hart
PURPOSE: While ovulation is most likely to occur in adolescent girls with regular menstrual cycles, there are limited data on the incidence of ovulation in girls with irregular menstrual cycles in early postmenarcheal years. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of ovulation in healthy postmenarcheal girls with irregular menstrual cycles. METHODS, DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Prospective cohort study over 12 weeks including 40 healthy postmenarcheal girls recruited from the population-based cohort of adolescents from Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study with irregular menstrual cycles defined by either menstrual cycles <21 days or >35 days in duration or cycle length that varied from month to month by >4 days according to menstrual diaries...
August 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793829/methodological-shortcomings-in-the-literature-evaluating-the-role-and-applications-of-3d-training-for-surgical-trainees
#18
Milosz Kostusiak, Michael Hart, Damiano Giuseppe Barone, Riikka Hofmann, Ramez Kirollos, Thomas Santarius, Rikin Trivedi
AIM: There has been an increased interest in the use of three-dimensional (3D) technology in surgical training. We wish to appraise the methodological rigor applied to evaluating the role and applications of 3D technology in surgical training, in particular, on the validity of these models and assessment methods in simulated surgical training. METHODS: Literature search was performed using MEDLINE with the following terms: "3D"; "surgery"; and "training". Only studies evaluating the role of 3D technology in surgical training were eligible for inclusion and assessed for the level of evidence, validity of the simulation model, and assessment method used...
August 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792427/the-psychosexual-impact-of-postmastectomy-breast-reconstruction
#19
Alexandra M Hart, Ximena Pinell-White, Albert Losken
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of breast cancer with mastectomy and breast reconstruction (BR) has been shown to increase the quality of life of cancer survivors. Yet the impact of surgery on sexuality, femininity, and condition of intimate relationships as a measure for sexual health has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: Ninety-six women who underwent mastectomy and immediate BR participated in the series. Surveys assessed patients' level of sexual health in the areas of femininity, sexual confidence during intimate relationships, and the role of breast sensibility in sexual satisfaction as compared with how they felt preoperatively...
November 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791877/implementing-data-to-care-initiatives-for-hiv-in-new%C3%A2-york-state-assessing-the-value-of-community-health-centers-identifying-persons-out-of-care-for-health-department-follow-up
#20
Rachel Hart-Malloy, Shakara Brown, Kathleen Bogucki, James Tesoriero
To end the HIV/AIDS epidemic, innovative strategies are needed to improve outcomes along the HIV care continuum. Data-to-Care is a public health strategy whereby HIV surveillance data are used to identify people living with HIV/AIDS for linkage to, or re-engagement in HIV medical care. Three main approaches to Data-to-Care are defined by where persons out of care are identified and where outreach activities are initiated: the Health Department level, the Healthcare Provider level, or a combination of the two (Combination Model)...
August 9, 2017: AIDS Care
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