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Hazardous Area Response Team

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856535/public-health-response-to-acute-chemical-incidents%C3%A2-hazardous-substances-emergency-events-surveillance-nine-states-1999-2008
#1
Natalia Melnikova, Jennifer Wu, Maureen F Orr
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Acute chemical incidents (i.e., uncontrolled or illegal release or threatened release of hazardous substances lasting <72 hours) represent a substantial threat to the environment, public health and safety, and community well-being. Providing a timely and appropriate public health response can prevent or reduce the impact of these incidents. REPORTING PERIOD: 1999-2008. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance (HSEES) system was operated by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) during January 1991-September 2009 to describe the public health consequences of chemical releases and to develop activities aimed at reducing the harm...
April 10, 2015: MMWR Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25130026/performance-of-district-disaster-management-teams-after-undergoing-an-operational-level-planners-training-in-uganda
#2
Christopher Garimol Orach, Roy William Mayega, Vincent Woboya, Bazeyo William
INTRODUCTION: Uganda is vulnerable to several natural, man-made and a hybrid of disasters including drought, famine, floods, warfare, and disease outbreaks. We assessed the district disaster team's performance, roles and experiences following the training. FINDINGS: The disasters most commonly experienced by the district teams were epidemics of diseases in humans (7 of 12), animals (epizoonotics) (3 of 12) and crops (3 of 12); hailstorms and floods (3 of 12). The capabilities viewed most useful for management of disasters were provision of health care services (9/12) and response management (8 of 12)...
June 2013: East African Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24661641/disaster-resilience-in-tertiary-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-shandong-province-china
#3
Shuang Zhong, Xiang-Yu Hou, Michele Clark, Yu-Li Zang, Lu Wang, Ling-Zhong Xu, Gerard FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: Hospital disaster resilience can be defined as a hospital's ability to resist, absorb, and respond to the shock of disasters while maintaining critical functions, and then to recover to its original state or adapt to a new one. This study aims to explore the status of resilience among tertiary hospitals in Shandong Province, China. METHODS: A stratified random sample (n = 50) was derived from tertiary A, tertiary B, and tertiary C hospitals in Shandong Province, and was surveyed by questionnaire...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22948104/developing-emergency-exercises-for-hazardous-material-transportation-process-documents-and-templates
#4
Margaret Crichton, Terence Kelly
Multi-agency emergency exercises establish and reinforce relationships, and bring people from different areas together to work as a team, realise clear goals, understand roles and responsibilities, and get to know and respect each agency's strengths and weaknesses. However, despite the long-held belief in and respect for exercises in their provision of benefits to the individual and the organisation, there is little evidence of a consistent and clear process for exercise design, especially identifying the documents that may need to be completed to ensure efficient exercise preparation and performance...
2012: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21361796/lessons-learned-from-north-carolina-public-health-regional-surveillance-teams-regional-exercises
#5
Jennifer Hegle, Milissa Markiewicz, Philip Benson, Jennifer Horney, Richard Rosselli, Pia MacDonald
All-hazards exercises bring together emergency response partners at the local, regional, state, and federal levels for the primary purposes of testing response plans, defining roles and responsibilities, assessing capabilities, and making necessary improvements prior to an actual incident. To better understand the benefits and challenges of conducting regional (ie, multicounty) exercises, a study was carried out by the North Carolina Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center at the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health...
March 2011: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20445385/concerns-of-disaster-medical-assistance-team-dmat-members-about-troubles-at-the-nuclear-power-plant-experience-from-the-niigata-chuetsu-oki-earthquake-16-july-2007-in-japan
#6
Makoto Akashi, Ken Kumagaya, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yasuo Hirose
An earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the Niigata-Chuetsu region of Japan at 10:13 on 16 July 2007. The earthquake was followed by the sustained occurrence of numerous aftershocks, delaying the reconstruction of community lifelines. The earthquake affected the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plants (NPPs), the biggest NPP site in the world. The earthquake caused damage to NPPs, resulting in a small amount of radioactive materials being released into the air and the sea. However, no significant effects were detected in the public and the environment...
June 2010: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19618354/disaster-response-to-the-release-of-biohazardous-agent-instrument-development-and-evaluation-of-a-firefighter-s-exercise
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Matthias Lenz, Tanja Richter
INTRODUCTION: The release of biohazardous agents could affect many people. Preparedness is crucial for adequate responses to accidental or deliberate release of biohazardous agents. It is believed that exercises based on simulated incident scenes are effective methods for the training of firefighters and biohazard response teams. Structured evaluations are important methods used to identify areas of ineffectiveness and to assure the quality of responses to releases of biohazards. METHODS: A local fire department conducted a full-scale biohazard exercise in an elementary school...
May 2009: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19202400/interdisciplinary-approach-to-all-hazards-preparedness-are-you-ready-how-do-we-know
#8
Leonard A Levy, Cecilia F Rokusek, Sally M Bragg, James T Howell
The Center for Bioterrorism and All-Hazards Preparedness (CBAP) at Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine is part of the National Education Strategy Team supported by the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response. It developed and implemented an extensive interdisciplinary community-focused, all-hazards preparedness program as a template for use nationally. CBAP provides discipline-customized education and training experiences in emergency and disaster preparedness using multiple formats...
March 2009: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17884284/results-of-the-mitra-project-monitoring-and-intervention-for-the-transportation-of-dangerous-goods
#9
E Planas, E Pastor, F Presutto, J Tixier
The objective of the MITRA (monitoring and intervention for the transportation of dangerous goods) project was to prototype a new operational system for monitoring the transportation of dangerous goods in Europe based on regional responsibilities. This concept, based on systems used in air traffic control, aims to provide civil security centres with real-time knowledge of the position and contents of dangerous vehicles circulating in their area of responsibility, and, in the event of a dangerous situation, to issue warnings, alerts and crisis management information, thereby allowing intervention teams to react immediately with maximum safety...
April 1, 2008: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17219788/venomous-adversaries-a-reference-to-snake-identification-field-safety-and-bite-victim-first-aid-for-disaster-response-personnel-deploying-into-the-hurricane-prone-regions-of-north-america
#10
REVIEW
Edward J Wozniak, John Wisser, Michael Schwartz
Each hurricane season, emergency-preparedness deployment teams including but not limited to the Office of Force Readiness and Deployment of the US Public Health Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Deployment Medical Assistance Teams, Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams, and the US Army and Air Force National Guard are at risk for deploying into hurricane-stricken areas that harbor indigenous hazards, including those posed by venomous snakes. North America is home to 2 distinct families of venomous snakes: 1) Viperidae, which includes the rattlesnakes, copperheads, and cottonmouths; and 2) Elapidae, in which the only native species are the coral snakes...
2006: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16959014/mental-physical-comorbidity-in-te-rau-hinengaro-the-new-zealand-mental-health-survey
#11
Kate M Scott, Mark A Oakley Browne, Magnus A McGee, J Elisabeth Wells et al.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of chronic physical conditions, and the risk factors for those conditions, among those with 12 month mental disorder; to estimate the prevalence of 12 month mental disorder among those with chronic physical conditions. METHOD: A nationally representative face-to-face household survey was carried out in October 2003 to December 2004 with 12,992 participants aged 16 years and over, achieving a response rate of 73.3%. Mental disorders were measured with the World Mental Health version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3...
October 2006: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15238669/demonstrating-the-european-capability-for-airborne-gamma-spectrometry-results-from-the-eccomags-exercise
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
D C W Sanderson, A J Cresswell, E M Scott, J J Lang
Airborne gamma spectrometry (AGS) is being increasingly recognised as an important means for mapping environmental radioactivity in emergency response. Progress has been made in recent years towards methodological convergence and cooperation between European teams. Recently, an international comparison was undertaken in SW Scotland in 2002 to evaluate AGS and ground-based methods. Teams from 18 institutions in 10 European countries attended, collecting some 140,000 AGS spectra, with 750 laboratory gamma spectrometry analyses and 120 in situ observations from the ground sites...
2004: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15096288/a-community-based-breast-cancer-screening-program-for-medically-underserved-women-its-effect-on-disease-stage-at-diagnosis-and-on-hazard-of-death
#13
Clyde B McCoy, Margaret Pereyra, Lisa R Metsch, Fernando Collado-Mesa, Sarah E Messiah, Sandy Sears
OBJECTIVE: Earlier studies by this research team found that medically underserved minority women in the Miami-Dade County area of the state of Florida, United States, were in need of breast cancer screening and that there were problems with availability, accessibility, and acceptability of services. In response, a community-based comprehensive breast cancer screening program called the Early Detection Program (EDP) was developed. The specific purpose of this study was to assess the effect that EDP participation had on stage at diagnosis and on hazard of death...
March 2004: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12710781/hazardous-materials-responses-in-a-mid-sized-metropolitan-area
#14
Frank G Walter, Gerry Bates, Elizabeth A Criss, Tareg Bey, Daniel W Spaite, Terence Valenzuela
OBJECTIVE: To determine the chemicals involved in fire department hazardous materials (hazmat) responses and analyze the concomitant emergency medical services' patient care needs. METHODS: The setting was a mid-sized metropolitan area in the southwestern United States with a population base of 400,000 and an incorporated area of 165 square miles. The authors conducted a retrospective evaluation of all fire department hazmat reports, with associated emergency medical services patient encounter forms, and in-patient hospital records from January 1, 1992, through December 31, 1994...
April 2003: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12018011/future-directions-for-epa-superfund-research
#15
Randall S Wentsel, Ben Blaney, Lorelei Kowalski, David A Bennett, Peter Grevatt, Sharon Frey
The EPA Office of Research and Development (ORD) identifies and prioritizes future research areas through a Waste Research Coordination Team. The team works together to plan the ORD Superfund research program, and it has members from each of the ORD laboratories as well as representatives from the Superfund office. Superfund scientists have identified several research topics in applied research areas to improve risk assessment methods and reduce uncertainty in site-specific risk assessments. Research areas include: dermal exposure models and toxicity values, improved methods for exposure factors, pharmaco-kinetic dose-response models, bioavailability and statistical methods...
March 2002: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10350504/introduction-epidemiologic-research-and-prevention-of-occupational-cancer-in-europe
#16
REVIEW
P Boffetta, M Kogevinas
Research on occupational cancer epidemiology has been an important area of occupational health in Europe since the early studies were conducted in the United Kingdom in the 1950s and 1960s. During the last decade, occupational cancer research in Europe has gained an international dimension and become increasingly interdisciplinary in nature. At present, occupational exposures might be responsible for 13 to 18% of lung cancers, 2 to 10% of bladder cancers, and 2 to 8% of laryngeal cancers in European men; among women these figures are 1 to 5%, 0 to 5%, and 0 to 1%, respectively...
May 1999: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1399042/disinfection-and-sterilisation-the-duties-and-responsibilities-of-dentists-and-dental-hygienists
#17
M Hovius
Disinfection and sterilisation have received a considerable amount of attention due to the spread of AIDS in the past few years. There appears to be a low risk of occupational transmission of HIV, but this is not the case with other transmissible diseases. There are about 40 infection hazards for the patient and dental personnel in the dental surgery. Disinfection and cleaning are important in disease containment and cross-infection control, and all members of the dental team must bear responsibility for this...
August 1992: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1115588/sexual-functioning-in-women-with-spinal-cord-injury
#18
E R Griffith, R B Trieschmann
The literature on women with spinal cord injury deals primarily with the factors of hormonal function, fertility and delivery. Unfortunately, information is limited concerning issues which are relevant to the total sexual functioning of these women. Little is known about potential hazards of contraceptives, the incidence of gynecological problems, the reactivity of vagina and external genitalia during sexual excitement, the nature of orgasmic experience, factors leading to orgasm and responsivity of nongenital erogenous zones...
January 1975: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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