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Bin Wang, Guang Wang, Fei Shen, Shijiang Zhu
Plant glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins (GR-RBPs) have been shown to play important roles in response to abiotic stresses in actively proliferating organs such as young plants, root tips, and flowers, but their roles in chilling responses of harvested fruit remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the role of CsGR-RBP3 in the chilling response of cucumber fruit. Pre-storage cold acclimation at 10°C (PsCA) for 3 days significantly enhanced chilling tolerance of cucumber fruit compared with the control fruit that were stored at 5°C...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Samuel K McBrayer, Benjamin A Olenchock, Gabriel J DiNatale, Diana D Shi, Januka Khanal, Rebecca B Jennings, Jesse S Novak, Matthew G Oser, Alissa K Robbins, Rebecca Modiste, Dennis Bonal, Javid Moslehi, Roderick T Bronson, Donna Neuberg, Quang-De Nguyen, Sabina Signoretti, Julie-Aurore Losman, William G Kaelin
Inactivation of the retinoblastoma gene ( RB1 ) product, pRB, is common in many human cancers. Targeting downstream effectors of pRB that are central to tumorigenesis is a promising strategy to block the growth of tumors harboring loss-of-function RB1 mutations. One such effector is retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2, also called JARID1A or KDM5A), which encodes an H3K4 demethylase. Binding of pRB to RBP2 has been linked to the ability of pRB to promote senescence and differentiation. Importantly, genetic ablation of RBP2 is sufficient to phenocopy pRB's ability to induce these cellular changes in cell culture experiments...
April 17, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Łukasz Kuźbicki, Dariusz Lange, Agata Stanek-Widera, Barbara W Chwirot
BACKGROUND: Histone demethylase JARID1B plays several context dependent roles in epigenetic regulation of cellular differentiation in normal development and is highly expressed in multiple human cancers. The protein is a strong transcriptional repressor capable of downregulating numerous genes. There are three splicing isoforms of JARID1B, however the links between the protein structure and function are not clear. The expression pattern of JARID1B in human melanoma seems to be different from observed in other cancers...
December 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
Engin Kaplan, Abdullah M S Al-Hatmi, Macit Ilkit, A H G Gerrits van den Ende, Ferry Hagen, Jacques F Meis, G Sybren de Hoog
Magnusiomyces capitatus and Saprochaete clavata are members of the clade of arthroconidial yeasts that represent emerging opportunistic pulmonary pathogens in immunocompromised patients. Given that standard ribosomal DNA (rDNA) identification often provides confusing results, in this study, we analyzed 34 isolates with the goal of finding new genetic markers for classification using multilocus sequencing and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). The interspecific similarity obtained using rDNA markers (the internal transcribed spacer [ITS] and large subunit regions) was in the range of 96 to 99%, whereas that obtained using protein-coding loci ( Rbp2 , Act , and Tef1α ) was lower at 89...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Zaffer Ullah Zargar, Mallikharjuna Rao Kimidi, Shweta Tyagi
The Histone 3 lysine 4 methylation (H3K4me3) mark closely correlates with active transcription. E2F-responsive promoters display dynamic changes in H3K4 methylation during the course of cell cycle progression. However, how and when these marks are reset, is not known. Here we show that the retinoblastoma binding protein RBP2/KDM5A, capable of removing tri-methylation marks on H3K4, associates with the E2F4 transcription factor via the pocket protein-p130-in a cell-cycle-stage specific manner. The association of RBP2 with p130 is LxCxE motif dependent...
January 9, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Hee-Joo Choi, Hyeong-Seok Joo, Hee-Young Won, Kyueng-Whan Min, Hyung-Yong Kim, Taekwon Son, Young-Ha Oh, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Gu Kong
Background: Despite the benefit of endocrine therapy, acquired resistance during or after treatment still remains a major challenge in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. We investigated the potential role of histone demethylase retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2) in endocrine therapy resistance of breast cancer. Methods: Survival of breast cancer patients according to RBP2 expression was analyzed in three different breast cancer cohorts including METABRIC (n = 1980) and KM plotter (n = 1764)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Xiaoli Yu, Hui Chen, Chen Zuo, Xi Jin, Yibing Yin, Hong Wang, Mei Jin, Keiko Ozato, Songxiao Xu
Type I IFNs (IFNIs) are involved in the course of antiviral and antimicrobial activities; however, robust inductions of these can lead to host immunopathology. We have reported that the Pias (protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription) family member, Piasy, possesses the ability to suppress IFNI transcriptions in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), yet the specific molecular mechanism by which it acts remains elusive. Here, we identify that the H3K4me3 levels, one activation mark of genes, in MEFs that were stimulated by poly(I:C) were impaired by Piasy in the IFN-β gene...
February 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Fujun Luo, Xinran Liu, Thomas C Südhof, Claudio Acuna
Fast neurotransmitter release from ribbon synapses via Ca2+ -triggered exocytosis requires tight coupling of L-type Ca2+ channels to release-ready synaptic vesicles at the presynaptic active zone, which is localized at the base of the ribbon. Here, we used genetic, electrophysiological, and ultrastructural analyses to probe the architecture of ribbon synapses by perturbing the function of RIM-binding proteins (RBPs) as central active-zone scaffolding molecules. We found that genetic deletion of RBP1 and RBP2 did not impair synapse ultrastructure of ribbon-type synapses formed between rod bipolar cells (RBCs) and amacrine type-2 (AII) cells in the mouse retina but dramatically reduced the density of presynaptic Ca2+ channels, decreased and desynchronized evoked neurotransmitter release, and rendered evoked and spontaneous neurotransmitter release sensitive to the slow Ca2+ buffer EGTA...
September 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Shu-Qiu Tan, Xue Geng, Jorn-Hon Liu, Wynn Hwai-Tzong Pan, Li-Xiang Wang, Hui-Kang Liu, Lei Hu, Hsiao-Ming Chao
BACKGROUND: Retinal ischemia-related eye diseases result in visual dysfunction. This study investigates the protective effects and mechanisms of Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu decoction (XFZYD) with respect to retinal ischemia. METHODS: Retinal ischemia (I) was induced in Wistar rats by a high intraocular pressure (HIOP) of 120 mmHg for 1 h, which was followed by reperfusion of the ischemic eye; the fellow untreated eye acted as a control. Electroretinogram (ERG), biochemistry and histopathology investigations were performed...
July 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Zhen-Yu Wang, Jie Yang, Chang-Kuo Liu, Shi-Qiang Shen
BACKGROUND Recently, some studies have found that retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2) is involved in the development and progression of many kinds of malignant tumors. This study aimed to explore the expression level of RBP2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its prognostic significance. MATERIAL AND METHODS Immunohistochemical analysis was used to evaluate the RBP2 expression level in 130 HCC patients and adjacent normal tissues. Tumor angiogenesis was marked by CD31 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) staining...
June 5, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Lauren P Blair, Zongzhi Liu, Ramon Lorenzo D Labitigan, Lizhen Wu, Dinghai Zheng, Zheng Xia, Erica L Pearson, Fathima I Nazeer, Jian Cao, Sabine M Lang, Rachel J Rines, Samuel G Mackintosh, Claire L Moore, Wei Li, Bin Tian, Alan J Tackett, Qin Yan
The complexity by which cells regulate gene and protein expression is multifaceted and intricate. Regulation of 3' untranslated region (UTR) processing of mRNA has been shown to play a critical role in development and disease. However, the process by which cells select alternative mRNA forms is not well understood. We discovered that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae lysine demethylase, Jhd2 (also known as KDM5), recruits 3'UTR processing machinery and promotes alteration of 3'UTR length for some genes in a demethylase-dependent manner...
November 2016: Science Advances
E C Maggi, J Trillo-Tinoco, A P Struckhoff, J Vijayaraghavan, L Del Valle, J S Crabtree
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), which can have survival rates as low as 4%, currently have limited therapeutic interventions available highlighting the dire need for the identification of novel biological targets for use as new potential drug targets. One such potential target is retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2), an H3K4 demethylase whose overexpression has been linked to cancer formation and metastasis in non-endocrine tumor types. We measured RBP2 mRNA and protein levels in enteropancreatic NETs by measuring RBP2 in matched human normal and NET tissue samples...
2016: Oncogenesis
Cong Fan, Lingfei Jia, Yunfei Zheng, Chanyuan Jin, Yunsong Liu, Hao Liu, Yongsheng Zhou
MiR-34a was demonstrated to be upregulated during the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). Overexpression of miR-34a significantly increased alkaline phosphatase activity, mineralization capacity, and the expression of osteogenesis-associated genes in hASCs in vitro. Enhanced heterotopic bone formation in vivo was also observed upon overexpression of miR-34a in hASCs. Mechanistic investigations revealed that miR-34a inhibited the expression of retinoblastoma binding protein 2 (RBP2) and reduced the luciferase activity of reporter gene construct comprising putative miR-34a binding sites in the 3' UTR of RBP2...
August 9, 2016: Stem Cell Reports
Rie Hayashi, Chieko Sugita, Mamoru Sugita
The unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus has three RNA-binding protein (Rbp) genes, rbp1, rbp2 and rbp3. The rbp1 gene was upregulated by cold treatment while rbp2 and rbp3 expression decreased remarkably after exposure to cold temperatures. To investigate the mechanism underlying cold-induced rbp1 expression, a series of rbp1-luxAB transcriptional fusion constructs were expressed in S. elongatus PCC 7942 under cold conditions. The results showed that the region from -33 to -3 of the transcription initiation site contains an essential sequence for basal transcription of the rbp1 gene and that the 120-bp region (-34 to -153) does not contain critical cis-elements required for cold-shock induction...
January 2017: Archives of Microbiology
Dahai Zhou, Vinodh Kannappan, Xiang Chen, Jingqin Li, Xuefeng Leng, Jinping Zhang, Shiying Xuan
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), one of the most common kidney cancers, has a poor prognosis. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a hallmark of carcinoma invasion and metastasis. Several studies have examined the molecular regulation of EMT, but the relationship between histone demethylases and EMT is little understood. In this study, we investigated the role of retinoblastoma-binding protein-2 (RBP2), a histone demethylase that is highly expressed in RCC and is positively correlated with poor RCC prognosis in the regulation of EMT...
June 10, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Corina Penterling, Guido A Drexler, Claudia Böhland, Ramona Stamp, Christina Wilke, Herbert Braselmann, Randolph B Caldwell, Judith Reindl, Stefanie Girst, Christoph Greubel, Christian Siebenwirth, Wael Y Mansour, Kerstin Borgmann, Günther Dollinger, Kristian Unger, Anna A Friedl
Histone demethylases have recently gained interest as potential targets in cancer treatment and several histone demethylases have been implicated in the DNA damage response. We investigated the effects of siRNA-mediated depletion of histone demethylase Jarid1A (KDM5A, RBP2), which demethylates transcription activating tri- and dimethylated lysine 4 at histone H3 (H3K4me3/me2), on growth characteristics and cellular response to radiation in several cancer cell lines. In unirradiated cells Jarid1A depletion lead to histone hyperacetylation while not affecting cell growth...
2016: PloS One
Molly Gale, Joyce Sayegh, Jian Cao, Michael Norcia, Peter Gareiss, Denton Hoyer, Jane S Merkel, Qin Yan
Lysine demethylase 5A (KDM5A/RBP2/JARID1A) is a histone lysine demethylase that is overexpressed in several human cancers including lung, gastric, breast and liver cancers. It plays key roles in important cancer processes including tumorigenesis, metastasis, and drug tolerance, making it a potential cancer therapeutic target. Chemical tools to analyze KDM5A demethylase activity are extremely limited as available inhibitors are not specific for KDM5A. Here, we characterized KDM5A using a homogeneous luminescence-based assay and conducted a screen of about 9,000 small molecules for inhibitors...
June 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Bruce A Knutson, Marissa L Smith, Nancy Walker-Kopp, Xia Xu
Super elongation complex (SEC) belongs to a family of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) elongation factors that has similar properties as TFIIF, a general transcription factor that increases the transcription elongation rate by reducing pausing. Although SEC has TFIIF-like functional properties, it apparently lacks sequence and structural homology. Using HHpred, we find that SEC contains an evolutionarily related TFIIF-like subcomplex. We show that the SEC subunit ELL interacts with the Pol II Rbp2 subunit, as expected for a TFIIF-like factor...
August 7, 2016: Transcription
Li Wang, Yulin Li, Lidan Zhu, Ran Yin, Ren Wang, Xiaohu Luo, Yongfu Li, Yanan Li, Zhengxing Chen
Polysaccharides purified from rice bran show antitumor activity against tumor cells, yet the mechanism of this action remains poorly understood. To address this issue, our study evaluated the effect of rice bran polysaccharides on mouse melanoma cell line B16, and Raw264.7 macrophages. Rice bran polysaccharides (RBP) failed to inhibit B16 cell growth in vitro. However, Raw264.7 macrophages treated by RBP enhancement of cytotoxic effects. The cytotoxicity was confirmed by the stimulation of nitric oxide (NO) production and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secretion on Raw264...
July 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Xiaoming Wang, Minran Zhou, Yue Fu, Ting Sun, Jin Chen, Xuemei Qin, Yuan Yu, Jihui Jia, Chunyan Chen
Despite recent increases in the cure rate of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adult ALL remains a high-risk disease that exhibits a high relapse rate. In this study, we found that the histone demethylase retinoblastoma binding protein-2 (RBP2) was overexpressed in both on-going and relapse cases of adult ALL, which revealed that RBP2 overexpression was not only involved in the pathogenesis of ALL but that its overexpression might also be related to relapse of the disease. RBP2 knockdown induced apoptosis and attenuated leukemic cell viability...
2016: PloS One
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