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Parafunctional habits

Khaled E Ahmed, John Whitters, Xiangyang Ju, S Gareth Pierce, Charles N MacLeod, Colin A Murray
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clinically monitor the progression of tooth wear over a period of 1 year in a cohort of referred tooth wear patients through the use of a computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) scanner and a standardized scanning/assessment methodology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polyether impressions were made of 11 participants (130 teeth) at baseline and at 1 year. Impressions were poured in type IV dental stone and the anterior teeth were 3D scanned...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Haitham S Attia, Mohamed I Mosleh, Ahmed M Jan, Maha M Shawky, Fatima M Jadu
OBJECTIVE: Arthrocentesis is an effective procedure for management of symptomatic patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWOR), but its prognostic factors are still under investigation. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with ADDWOR underwent arthrocentesis of the TMJ and hyaluronic acid injection. They were divided into groups based on three prognostic factors: Age, gender, and the presence of parafunctional habits...
March 7, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mohammed E Sayed, Razan A Bosly, Huda A Hakami, Maryam H Mugri, Shilpa H Bhandi
INTRODUCTION: The effect of Khat and Shammah habits, with the parafunctional jaw activities that accompany them, on the integrity of the natural dentition, dental restorations, and prostheses has not yet been investigated. This study is the first attempt to identify the patterns of restorative failure among Khat chewers and Shammah users in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 294 recruits among dental clinics in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from October 1, 2015, to April 30, 2016...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Mohammed M Al Moaleem, Abdulmajeed S Okshah, Ahid A Al-Shahrani, Abdulkhaliq Ali F Alshadidi, Fawzia I Shaabi, Abdulaziz H Mobark, Khurshid A Mattoo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) among undergraduate medical students in the presence of khat chewing over a period of time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally, 186 medical college students (age < 20 years) were randomly selected for the present study. The study subjects were divided into two groups according to age, under 20 and above 20 years. The study was based on Fonseca's anamnestic index and its questionnaire, which is composed of 10 questions and classifies the severity of TMDs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Uoston Holder Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo A B Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Natalia De Isla, Lucio Frigo
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of the craniofacial complex affected by neurological diseases. Orthopedic and musculoskeletal changes can also cause temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain. Low-level laser (LLL) therapy has been studied in the treatment of temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) dysfunction, and controversial results were obtained. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was comparing the physiotherapeutic and drug protocol (PDP) to LLL therapy in the treatment of pain associated with TMD...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Eduardo Chimenos-Küstner, Fiorella de Luca-Monasterios, Mayra Schemel-Suárez, María E Rodríguez de Rivera-Campillo, Alejandro M Pérez-Pérez, José López-López
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) can be defined as burning pain or dysesthesia on the tongue and/or other sites of the oral mucosa without a causative identifiable lesion. The discomfort is usually of daily recurrence, with a higher incidence among people aged 50 to 60 years, affecting mostly the female sex and diminishing their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between several pathogenic factors and burning mouth syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 736 medical records of patients diagnosed of burning mouth syndrome and 132 medical records for the control group were studied retrospectively...
February 23, 2017: Medicina Clínica
Naofumi Aoki, Takeo Kanayama, Michinori Maeda, Koichiro Horii, Hironori Miyamoto, Keinoshin Wada, Yasutaka Ojima, Tsukasa Tsuchimochi, Yasuyuki Shibuya
In sinus floor augmentation of an atrophic posterior maxilla, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been used as a graft material. We herein report two cases with histological evaluations of PRF after the surgery. The first case was a 28-year-old female with an atrophic right posterior maxilla who was treated with sinus floor augmentation and simultaneous implant placement using PRF as the sole graft material in our hospital. Twenty-four months after surgery, the implant was unfortunately removed because of occlusal overloading by parafunctional habits...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Rachel A Sheridan, Ann M Decker, Alexandra B Plonka, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: Occlusal overload may cause implant biomechanical failures, marginal bone loss, or even complete loss of osseointegration. Thus, it is important for clinicians to understand the role of occlusion in implant long-term stability. This systematic review updates the understanding of occlusion on dental implants, the impact on the surrounding peri-implant tissues, and the effects of occlusal overload on implants. Additionally, recommendations of occlusal scheme for implant prostheses and designs were formulated...
December 2016: Implant Dentistry
Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos, Lívia Mirelle Barbosa, Jimmy Charles Melo Barbalho, Gabriela Madeira Araújo, Auremir Rocha Melo, Lucas Alexandre de Morais Santos
This prospective clinical study evaluated the correlation among temporomandibular disorder (TMD), otologic manifestations, and parafunctional habits in a sample of 100 patients with TMD. The subjects were evaluated by clinical examination, use of a simplified anamnestic questionnaire for TMD diagnosis, and the investigation of otologic manifestations and parafunctional habits of the stomatognathic system. The prevalence of TMD and correlations with otologic manifestations and parafunctional habits were calculated...
September 2016: General Dentistry
J D Orthlieb, J P Ré, M Jeany, A Giraudeau
Temporomandibular joint and dental occlusion are joined for better and worse. TMJ has its own weaknesses, sometimes indicated by bad functional habits and occlusal disorders. Occlusal analysis needs to be addressed simply and clearly. The term "malocclusion" is not reliable to build epidemiological studies, etiologic mechanisms or therapeutic advice on this "diagnosis". Understanding the impact of pathogenic malocclusion is not just about occlusal relationships that are more or less defective, it requires to locate them within the skeletal framework, the articular and behavioural context of the patient, and above all to assess their impact on the functions of the masticatory system...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
A Molina-García, L Castellanos-Cosano, G Machuca-Portillo, M Posada-de la Paz
BACKGROUND: Rare diseases (RD) are those that present a lower prevalence than 5 cases per 10.000 population. The main objective of this review was to study the effect on oral health in rare diseases, while the secondary objective of the study is theme upgrade. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparative observational case-control studies were analysed and a systematic review was conducted in PubMed. Each rare disease listed on the statistical data record of the Health Portal of the Ministry of Equality, Health and Social Policies Board of Andalusia was associated with "oral health"...
September 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M I T Amorim, A I L Jorge
BACKGROUND: Professional violin playing has been associated with a predisposition to develop temporomandibular disorder (TMD). There are a number of risk factors, including physical trauma from the playing posture and the presence of parafunctional habits. Music performance anxiety (MPA) may also be a factor, as it has been associated with playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD). AIMS: To evaluate a possible association between the presence of TMD and the level of MPA in violin players...
October 2016: Occupational Medicine
Hideo Shigeishi
Increased visual display terminal (VDT) use has raised the prevalence of VDT-related adverse conditions, such as dry eye disease, and musculoskeletal and psychopathological symptoms, in office workers, including temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Many factors contributing to TMD have been identified, such as parafunctional habit (bruxism and teeth clenching), trauma, mental disorders, lifestyle, poor health, and nutrition, as well as hormonal factors (i.e., estrogen). It is likely that various contributing factors overlap in TMD development in individuals who routinely use a VDT for work...
July 2016: Biomedical Reports
Antonio García Rubio, Antonio Luis Bujaldón Daza, Alberto Rodríguez Archilla
INTRODUCTION: Gingival recession is an unsightly condition due to root exposure. It can lead to dental hypersensitivity, root caries, and tooth loss. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of different clinical and periodontal parameters on the severity of gingival recession evaluated at four periods: initial, 6, 12, and 18 months of follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients with gingival recession were included in the study. Sociodemographic data, systemic diseases, harmful habits, dental hygiene habits, parafunctional habits, and orthodontic treatment were collected...
January 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Giovana Fernandes, Ana Lúcia Franco-Micheloni, José Tadeu Tesseroli Siqueira, Daniela Aparecida Godói Gonçalves, Cinara Maria Camparis
This cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the effect of sleep bruxism, awake bruxism and parafunctional habits, both separately and cumulatively, on the likelihood of adolescents to present painful TMD. The study was conducted on a sample of 1,094 adolescents (aged 12-14). The presence of painful TMD was assessed using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, Axis I. Data on sleep bruxism, awake bruxism and parafunctional habits (nail/pen/pencil/lip/cheek biting, resting one's head on one's hand, and gum chewing) were researched by self-report...
2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Hyun-Suk Kim, Pil-Young Yun, Young-Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: This study clinically evaluated the effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in the temporomandibular disorder (TMD) treatment using Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). METHODS: A total of 21 TMD patients were recruited to be treated with BTX-A injections on the bilateral masseter and temporalis muscles and were followed up by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon highly experienced in the TMD treatment. For each patient, diagnostic data gathering were conducted according to the RDC/TMD...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jean R Salash, Reem H Hossameldin, Alejandro J Almarza, Joli C Chou, Joseph P McCain, Louis G Mercuri, Larry M Wolford, Michael S Detamore
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal tissue engineering has advanced to the stage where it has the capability to engineer temporomandibular joint (TMJ) anatomic components. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of literature identifying specific indications for the use of TMJ tissue engineering solutions. The objective of this study was to establish an initial set of indications and contraindications for the use of engineered tissues for replacement of TMJ anatomic components. FINDINGS: There was consensus among the authors that the management of patients requiring TMJ reconstruction as the result of 1) irreparable condylar trauma, 2) developmental or acquired TMJ pathology in skeletally immature patients, 3) hyperplasia, and 4) documented metal hypersensitivities could be indications for bioengineered condyle and ramus TMJ components...
April 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Satish Alapati, Reddy Sudhakara Reddy, Ramesh Tatapudi, Ramya Kotha, Naveen Kumar Bodu, Saikiran Chennoju
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility, and enhanced susceptibility to fractures. Dental radiographs, especially panoramic images, have been used to predict bone mineral density. A number of indices, (mandibular cortical index [MCI], mandibular cortical width [MCW], and panoramic mandibular index [PMI]) have been developed to assess and quantify the quality of mandibular bone mass and to observe the signs of resorption...
September 2015: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Ulla Pallesen, Jan W V van Dijken
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this 30 year randomized controlled study was to evaluate, by intraindividual comparisons, the durability of three conventional resin composites in Class II restorations. METHODS: Each of 30 participants, 21 female and 9 male (mean age 30 years, range 20-43), received at least three (one set) as similar as possible Class II restorations of moderate size. After cavity preparation, the three cavities were chosen at random to be restored with two chemical-cured (P10, Miradapt) and one light-cured resin composite (P30)...
October 2015: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Ira Sierwald, Mike T John, Oliver Schierz, Christian Hirsch, Darius Sagheri, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Daniel R Reissmann
OBJECTIVES: Parafunctional habits such as clenching or grinding (bruxism) during daytime and at night are considered to have a great impact on the etiopathogenesis of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). However, the size of the effect and how daytime activities interact with nocturnal activities is not yet clear. The aim of this study was to assess the association of TMD pain with both awake and sleep bruxism in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, data of a consecutive sample of 733 TMD patients (cases; mean age ± SD: 41...
July 2015: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
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