keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nail biting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670358/aesthetic-treatment-of-bruxism
#1
REVIEW
Shino Bay Aguilera, Liza Brown, Viviana Andrea Perico
Bruxism is a diurnal or nocturnal parafunctional activity that includes unconscious clenching, grinding, or bracing of the teeth. An extensive medical history should be taken in these patients so proper diagnosis can be made. Habits such as biting the tongue, cheeks or lips, chewing gum or eating seeds for many hours per day, biting nails, and/or biting hard objects, will cause and/or exacerbate pre-existing bruxism. The etiology of bruxism is uncertain, but it is hypothesized to be associated with genetic, structural, and psychosocial factors...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657655/the-effect-of-nail-characteristics-on-surface-bacterial-counts-of-surgical-personnel-before-and-after-scrubbing
#2
Jade M Hardy, Tina J Owen, Steven A Martinez, Lisa P Jones, Margaret A Davis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of nail characteristics on bacterial counts on the fingers of surgery personnel. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized nonblinded controlled crossover study design. SAMPLE POPULATION: Veterinary students, small animal surgery technicians, small animal surgery interns/residents, and small animal surgery faculty in a veterinary teaching hospital (n = 21). METHODS: Subjects were randomized into one of 2 groups; group 1 wore nail polish (P) for 1 week and group 2 (control) had nonpolished (NP) fingernails...
June 28, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611995/an-update-on-the-disappearing-nail-bed
#3
Ralph Daniel, Babaev Meir, Shemer Avner
BACKGROUND: The nail bed may epithelialize and develop dermatoglyphics after long-standing onycholysis. We have called this phenomenon the disappearing nail bed (DNB). DNB may present as a shortened or narrow nail bed. METHODS: Examination of all 20 nails was performed in each patient enrolled to the study. DNB was defined as the presence of a nail which is at least 20% shorter and/or narrower than the identical nail on the opposite hand or foot. Age, sex, and nail history were recorded...
March 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293440/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-multiple-factitious-oral-ulcers-in-a-6-year-old-boy
#4
Priscilla Santana Pinto Gonçalves, Daniela Alejandra Cusicanqui Mendez, Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos, José Humberto Damante, Daniela Rios, Thiago Cruvinel
Factitious ulcers are characterized by self-inflicted lesions with multifactorial origin. These lesions are frequently found in head, neck, and hands. This report shows a 6-year-old boy diagnosed with factitious oral ulcers that occurred after the self-biting of buccal vestibule and nail-scratching of gingival tissue. Clinically, a significant swelling was observed, hard on palpation, located at the right lower third of the face, next to the posterior area of the mandible. In the intraoral examination, ulcers at different healing stages were noted on the swelling area...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218926/chronic-nail-biting-in-youth
#5
Erin Ellington
Nail biting, a common behavior seen in children, is typically short-lived and does not cause significant problems. However, when nail biting remains unresolved, physical and emotional consequences may occur. Exploring the etiological factors and underlying function of nail biting may help providers recommend appropriate interventions. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 55(2), 23-26.].
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216727/high-altitude-dermatology
#6
Lt Col G K Singh
Approximately, 140 million people worldwide live permanently at high altitudes (HAs) and approximately another 40 million people travel to HA area (HAA) every year for reasons of occupation, sports or recreation. In India, whole of Ladakh region, part of Northwest Kashmir, Northern part of Sikkim and Tenga valley of Arunachal are considered inhabited areas of HAA. The low quantity of oxygen, high exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light, very low humidity, extreme subzero temperature in winter, high wind velocity, make this region difficult for lowlanders as well as for tourists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150088/neurocognitive-findings-in-onychophagia-pathological-nail-biting
#7
Austin W Blum, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
A notable number of people struggle to control the desire to bite their nails, resulting in impairment and distress. Understanding this behavior and the inability to control it has received little research attention. One possible mechanism to understand nail biting is through the use of neurocognitive assessments. Neurocognitive assessments of pathological nail biting, however, are lacking. This analysis assesses the clinical presentation and neurocognitive profile of adults with nail biting relative to participants without nail biting...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994890/new-approach-to-managing-onychophagia
#8
O Marouane, M Ghorbel, M Nahdi, A Necibi, N Douki
Onychophagia is defined as a chronic habit of biting nails, commonly observed in both children and young adults. This oral habit may lead to various medical and dental problems. To date, onychophagia is considered an unsolved problem in medicine and dentistry. In this paper we describe an exclusive nonpunitive fixed appliance utilizing a stainless steel twisted round wire bonded from canine to canine, in the mandibular arch, as a treatment of onychophagia. It was used successfully in young adult patients and maintained for a month...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901519/predictors-of-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-skin-picking-disorder-in-trichotillomania
#9
Nancy J Keuthen, Erin E Curley, Jeremiah M Scharf, Douglas W Woods, Christine Lochner, Dan J Stein, Esther S Tung, Erica Greenberg, S Evelyn Stewart, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Trichotillomania (TTM), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and skin-picking disorder (SPD) frequently occur together and share overlapping phenomenology, pathophysiology, and possible genetic underpinnings. This study sought to identify factors that predict OCD and SPD in hair pullers. METHODS: Five hundred fifty-five adult female hair pullers were recruited from specialty clinics and assessed using standardized, semi-structured interviews and self-reports...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756755/thumb-sucking-or-nail-biting-in-childhood-led-to-a-reduction-in-atopic-sensitisation-but-not-asthma-or-hay-fever
#10
Fozia Roked, Jonathan North
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622130/differential-reinforcement-of-other-behaviour-for-the-reduction-of-severe-nail-biting
#11
Louise Heffernan, Danielle Lyons
The effects of differential reinforcement of other behaviour (DRO) were investigated for the treatment of severe self-injurious nail biting in an individual diagnosed with autism. A functional behaviour assessment (FBA) identified that the behaviour was maintained by automatic reinforcement. Following the implementation of the DRO procedure and access to reinforcing stimuli that were believed to provide similar sensory feedback to that of the self-injurious nail biting, the results indicate that the nail biting was successfully reduced and maintained at near zero levels...
September 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401101/thumb-sucking-nail-biting-and-atopic-sensitization-asthma-and-hay-fever
#12
Stephanie J Lynch, Malcolm R Sears, Robert J Hancox
BACKGROUND: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that early-life exposure to microbial organisms reduces the risk of developing allergies. Thumb-sucking and nail-biting are common childhood habits that may increase microbial exposures. We tested the hypothesis that children who suck their thumbs or bite their nails have a lower risk of developing atopy, asthma, and hay fever in a population-based birth cohort followed to adulthood. METHODS: Parents reported children's thumb-sucking and nail-biting habits when their children were ages 5, 7, 9, and 11 years...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387832/onychophagia-a-nail-biting-conundrum-for-physicians
#13
REVIEW
Pierre Halteh, Richard K Scher, Shari R Lipner
Onychophagia, defined as habitual nail biting, is a common disorder affecting 20-30% of the population and all age groups. It may lead to significant psychosocial problems, have a negative impact on quality of life, and cause complications involving both the nail unit and the oral cavity. The objective of this paper is to review the prevalence, etiology, history, physical examination, complications and management of nail biting. Since onychophagia is a challenging disorder to treat, a multi-disciplinary approach should be taken involving dermatologists, internists, pediatricians, psychiatrists and dentists...
March 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381403/blunt-force-trauma-in-veterinary-forensic-pathology
#14
L Ressel, U Hetzel, E Ricci
Veterinary pathologists commonly encounter lesions of blunt trauma. The development of lesions is affected by the object's mass, velocity, size, shape, and angle of impact and by the plasticity and mobility of the impacted organ. Scrape, impact, and pattern abrasions cause localized epidermal loss and sometimes broken hairs and implanted foreign material. Contusions are best identified after reflecting the skin, and must be differentiated from coagulopathies and livor mortis. Lacerations-traumatic tissue tears-may have irregular margins, bridging by more resilient tissue, deviation of the wound tail, crushed hairs, and unilateral abrasion...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320768/nail-tic-disorders-manifestations-pathogenesis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Archana Singal, Deepashree Daulatabad
Nail tic disorders are classic examples of overlap between the domains of dermatology and psychiatry. They are examples of body-focused repetitive behaviors in which there is an irresistible urge or impulse to perform a certain behavior. The behavior is reinforced as it results in some degree of relief and pleasure. Nail tic disorders are common, yet poorly studied and understood. The literature on nail tic disorders is relatively scarce. Common nail tics include nail biting or onychophagia, onychotillomania and the habit tic deformity...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242551/the-impact-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-event-related-potentials-in-patients-with-tic-disorders-or-body-focused-repetitive-behaviors
#16
Simon Morand-Beaulieu, Kieron P O'Connor, Maxime Richard, Geneviève Sauvé, Julie B Leclerc, Pierre J Blanchet, Marc E Lavoie
CONTEXT: Tic disorders (TD) are characterized by the presence of non-voluntary contractions of functionally related groups of skeletal muscles in one or multiple body parts. Patients with body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRB) present frequent and repetitive behaviors, such as nail biting or hair pulling. TD and BFRB can be treated with a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) that regulates the excessive amount of sensorimotor activation and muscular tension. Our CBT, which is called the cognitive-psychophysiological (CoPs) model, targets motor execution and inhibition, and it was reported to modify brain activity in TD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118440/oral-habits-dental-trauma-and-occlusal-characteristics-among-4-to-12-year-old-institutionalized-orphan-children-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#17
Salwa A AlSadhan, Asma M Al-Jobair
The aim of this study was to assess the oral habit practices, dental trauma, and occlusal characteristics of 4- to 12-year-old orphans living in governmental orphanages in Riyadh. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three government orphanages and three ordinary schools. All 90 orphans, residing in the orphanage, were included. Ninety schoolchildren were selected to serve as the controls. Demographic data, oral habit history, and dental trauma history were obtained through a questionnaire. All children were examined to confirm the presence of signs of oral habits, dental trauma, and associated occlusal characteristics...
April 27, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051827/pathologic-grooming-acne-excoriee-trichotillomania-and-nail-biting-in-4-generations-of-a-single-family
#18
Nonhlanhla P Khumalo, Gasnat Shaboodien, Sian M J Hemmings, Johanna C Moolman-Smook, Dan J Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26945351/stressful-life-events-as-a-predictor-for-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-southern-chinese-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jie Tang, Wei Yang, Niman Isse Ahmed, Ying Ma, Hui-Yan Liu, Jia-Ji Wang, Pei-Xi Wang, Yu-Kai Du, Yi-Zhen Yu
Stressful life events have been implicated in the etiology of kinds of psychopathology related to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI); however, few studies have examined the association between NSSI and stressful life events directly in Chinese school adolescents. In this study, we aim to estimate the prevalence rate of NSSI and examine its association with stressful life events in Southern Chinese adolescents. A total sample of 4405 students with age ranged from 10 to 22 years was randomly selected from 12 schools in 3 cities of Guangdong Province, China...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910021/parafunctional-habits-are-associated-cumulatively-to-painful-temporomandibular-disorders-in-adolescents
#20
Giovana Fernandes, Ana Lúcia Franco-Micheloni, José Tadeu Tesseroli Siqueira, Daniela Aparecida Godói Gonçalves, Cinara Maria Camparis
This cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the effect of sleep bruxism, awake bruxism and parafunctional habits, both separately and cumulatively, on the likelihood of adolescents to present painful TMD. The study was conducted on a sample of 1,094 adolescents (aged 12-14). The presence of painful TMD was assessed using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, Axis I. Data on sleep bruxism, awake bruxism and parafunctional habits (nail/pen/pencil/lip/cheek biting, resting one's head on one's hand, and gum chewing) were researched by self-report...
2016: Brazilian Oral Research
keyword
keyword
19357
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"