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Nail biting

O Marouane, M Ghorbel, M Nahdi, A Necibi, N Douki
Onychophagia is defined as a chronic habit of biting nails, commonly observed in both children and young adults. This oral habit may lead to various medical and dental problems. To date, onychophagia is considered an unsolved problem in medicine and dentistry. In this paper we describe an exclusive nonpunitive fixed appliance utilizing a stainless steel twisted round wire bonded from canine to canine, in the mandibular arch, as a treatment of onychophagia. It was used successfully in young adult patients and maintained for a month...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Nancy J Keuthen, Erin E Curley, Jeremiah M Scharf, Douglas W Woods, Christine Lochner, Dan J Stein, Esther S Tung, Erica Greenberg, S Evelyn Stewart, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Trichotillomania (TTM), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and skin-picking disorder (SPD) frequently occur together and share overlapping phenomenology, pathophysiology, and possible genetic underpinnings. This study sought to identify factors that predict OCD and SPD in hair pullers. METHODS: Five hundred fifty-five adult female hair pullers were recruited from specialty clinics and assessed using standardized, semi-structured interviews and self-reports...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
Fozia Roked, Jonathan North
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
Louise Heffernan, Danielle Lyons
The effects of differential reinforcement of other behaviour (DRO) were investigated for the treatment of severe self-injurious nail biting in an individual diagnosed with autism. A functional behaviour assessment (FBA) identified that the behaviour was maintained by automatic reinforcement. Following the implementation of the DRO procedure and access to reinforcing stimuli that were believed to provide similar sensory feedback to that of the self-injurious nail biting, the results indicate that the nail biting was successfully reduced and maintained at near zero levels...
September 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Stephanie J Lynch, Malcolm R Sears, Robert J Hancox
BACKGROUND: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that early-life exposure to microbial organisms reduces the risk of developing allergies. Thumb-sucking and nail-biting are common childhood habits that may increase microbial exposures. We tested the hypothesis that children who suck their thumbs or bite their nails have a lower risk of developing atopy, asthma, and hay fever in a population-based birth cohort followed to adulthood. METHODS: Parents reported children's thumb-sucking and nail-biting habits when their children were ages 5, 7, 9, and 11 years...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Pierre Halteh, Richard K Scher, Shari R Lipner
Onychophagia, defined as habitual nail biting, is a common disorder affecting 20-30% of the population and all age groups. It may lead to significant psychosocial problems, have a negative impact on quality of life, and cause complications involving both the nail unit and the oral cavity. The objective of this paper is to review the prevalence, etiology, history, physical examination, complications and management of nail biting. Since onychophagia is a challenging disorder to treat, a multi-disciplinary approach should be taken involving dermatologists, internists, pediatricians, psychiatrists and dentists...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
L Ressel, U Hetzel, E Ricci
Veterinary pathologists commonly encounter lesions of blunt trauma. The development of lesions is affected by the object's mass, velocity, size, shape, and angle of impact and by the plasticity and mobility of the impacted organ. Scrape, impact, and pattern abrasions cause localized epidermal loss and sometimes broken hairs and implanted foreign material. Contusions are best identified after reflecting the skin, and must be differentiated from coagulopathies and livor mortis. Lacerations-traumatic tissue tears-may have irregular margins, bridging by more resilient tissue, deviation of the wound tail, crushed hairs, and unilateral abrasion...
September 2016: Veterinary Pathology
Archana Singal, Deepashree Daulatabad
Nail tic disorders are classic examples of overlap between the domains of dermatology and psychiatry. They are examples of body-focused repetitive behaviors in which there is an irresistible urge or impulse to perform a certain behavior. The behavior is reinforced as it results in some degree of relief and pleasure. Nail tic disorders are common, yet poorly studied and understood. The literature on nail tic disorders is relatively scarce. Common nail tics include nail biting or onychophagia, onychotillomania and the habit tic deformity...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Simon Morand-Beaulieu, Kieron P O'Connor, Maxime Richard, Geneviève Sauvé, Julie B Leclerc, Pierre J Blanchet, Marc E Lavoie
CONTEXT: Tic disorders (TD) are characterized by the presence of non-voluntary contractions of functionally related groups of skeletal muscles in one or multiple body parts. Patients with body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRB) present frequent and repetitive behaviors, such as nail biting or hair pulling. TD and BFRB can be treated with a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) that regulates the excessive amount of sensorimotor activation and muscular tension. Our CBT, which is called the cognitive-psychophysiological (CoPs) model, targets motor execution and inhibition, and it was reported to modify brain activity in TD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Salwa A AlSadhan, Asma M Al-Jobair
The aim of this study was to assess the oral habit practices, dental trauma, and occlusal characteristics of 4- to 12-year-old orphans living in governmental orphanages in Riyadh. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three government orphanages and three ordinary schools. All 90 orphans, residing in the orphanage, were included. Ninety schoolchildren were selected to serve as the controls. Demographic data, oral habit history, and dental trauma history were obtained through a questionnaire. All children were examined to confirm the presence of signs of oral habits, dental trauma, and associated occlusal characteristics...
April 27, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Nonhlanhla P Khumalo, Gasnat Shaboodien, Sian M J Hemmings, Johanna C Moolman-Smook, Dan J Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: JAAD Case Reports
Jie Tang, Wei Yang, Niman Isse Ahmed, Ying Ma, Hui-Yan Liu, Jia-Ji Wang, Pei-Xi Wang, Yu-Kai Du, Yi-Zhen Yu
Stressful life events have been implicated in the etiology of kinds of psychopathology related to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI); however, few studies have examined the association between NSSI and stressful life events directly in Chinese school adolescents. In this study, we aim to estimate the prevalence rate of NSSI and examine its association with stressful life events in Southern Chinese adolescents. A total sample of 4405 students with age ranged from 10 to 22 years was randomly selected from 12 schools in 3 cities of Guangdong Province, China...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Giovana Fernandes, Ana Lúcia Franco-Micheloni, José Tadeu Tesseroli Siqueira, Daniela Aparecida Godói Gonçalves, Cinara Maria Camparis
This cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the effect of sleep bruxism, awake bruxism and parafunctional habits, both separately and cumulatively, on the likelihood of adolescents to present painful TMD. The study was conducted on a sample of 1,094 adolescents (aged 12-14). The presence of painful TMD was assessed using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, Axis I. Data on sleep bruxism, awake bruxism and parafunctional habits (nail/pen/pencil/lip/cheek biting, resting one's head on one's hand, and gum chewing) were researched by self-report...
2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Hyunju Jin, Jeong-Min Kim, Gun-Wook Kim, Margaret Song, Hoon-Soo Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko, Byung-Soo Kim, Moon-Bum Kim
BACKGROUND: Melanonychia may be the presenting sign of ungual melanoma. However, there are insufficient basic clinical data for melanonychia in Korean patients. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify basic clinical data and devise a classification algorithm for melanonychia. METHODS: In all, 275 patients with melanonychia who visited our clinic from January 2002 to August 2014 were included in this study. We reviewed medical records, clinical and dermoscopic photographs, and histopathologic findings and we assessed demographics (eg, age); medical (eg, systemic diseases), family, and trauma (eg, nail biting) history; and physical findings (eg, affected number and site)...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Lia Silva de Castilho, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães Abreu, Renata Batista de Oliveira, Maria Elisa Souza E Silva, Vera Lúcia Silva Resende
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with mouth breathing among patients with developmental disabilities of a dental service. METHODS: We analyzed 408 dental records. Mouth breathing was reported by the patients' parents and from direct observation. Other variables were as -follows: history of asthma, bronchitis, palate shape, pacifier use, thumb -sucking, nail biting, use of medications, gastroesophageal reflux, bruxism, gender, age, and diagnosis of the patient...
March 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Christina Mejersjö, Daniel Ovesson, Birgitta Mossberg
OBJECTIVE: The use of chewing-gum and piercing has become common among adolescents and might result in increased oral muscle activity and overloading. Aim To investigate the frequency of oral piercing and parafunctions in relation to symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four third level high school students, living either in a city or in a small town, enrolled in either science or media programmes, were included...
2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Shantanu Sharma, Ayushi Bansal, Kirti Asopa
AIM: Oral habits that are prevalent well beyond the normal age frequently result in facial deformity and malocclusions. The aim of the present study was to know the prevalence of oral habits in 11 to 13 years old children of Jaipur city. METHODOLOGY: The study included 1,000 children of age 11 to 13 years, belonging to different government and private schools of Jaipur city who were screened for any deleterious habits at their school site. The statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test...
September 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Vaibhav Motghare, Jayaprakash Kumar, Shivalingesh Kamate, Sumedha Kushwaha, Richa Anand, Neha Gupta, Bhuvandeep Gupta, Ishan Singh
CONTEXT: Temporomandibular disorder (TDM) is defined as a heterogenous group of psychophysiological disorders commonly characterised by orofacial pain, chewing dysfunction or both. Various Epidemiological studies had shown occurrence of TMD in all age groups including children. Also research had shown that non nutritional oral habits to be associated with TMD. AIM: Present study aimed to find whether harmful oral habits are associated with sign and symptoms of TMD among adolescents in Greater Noida...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Irina A Rubleva, Leonid S Persin, Anna B Slabkovskaya, Nikolay N Zavadenko, Andrea Deregibus, Cesare L Debernardi
Non-nutritive sucking behaviors such as finger- and tongue-sucking, tongue thrust, lips- or cheek-sucking, nail-, lip- or tongue-biting and other pressure habits represent risk factors for malocclusion. The association between psycho-neurological disorders and different types of malocclusion in children with sucking habits was long studied. During neurological examination, many children with sucking habits are diagnosed as Minimal Cerebral Dysfunction or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) bearers...
2015: International Journal of Orthodontics
Jon E Grant, Maria C Mancebo, Marc E Mooney, Jane L Eisen, Steven A Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: The course of body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs) (eg, trichotillomania, skin picking, and nail biting) has received scant research attention. We sought to understand the longitudinal course of BFRBs over an 8-year period and whether the co-occurrence of a BFRB with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) affects the course of OCD. METHODS: Three hundred ninety-five participants with OCD completed annual interviews using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation to estimate BFRB and OCD symptom severity during each week of follow-up...
August 2015: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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