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Onychophagia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875885/factors-associated-to-apical-root-resorption-after-orthodontic-treatment
#1
João Dalto Viganó Pastro, Adriana Cândida Albuquerque Nogueira, Karina Maria Salvatore de Freitas, Fabricio Pinelli Valarelli, Rodrigo Hermont Cançado, Renata Cristina Gobbi de Oliveira, Ricardo Cesar Gobbi de Oliveira
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the possible factors associated to root resorption, common to daily clinical orthodontics, especially parafunctional habits. Methods: A retrospective study of 600 patients (308 females and 292 males) previously treated orthodontically was conducted. The sample was divided into two groups related to the degree of root resorption at the ending of treatment according to Malmgren. Group 1 comprised 507 patients with a mean initial age of 14...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667792/habit-reversal-training-for-body-focused-repetitive-behaviors-a-practical-guide-for-the-dermatologist
#2
Amber B Dunbar, Michelle Magid, Jason S Reichenberg
Habit reversal training (HRT) is a clinically effective treatment for body-focused repetitive disorders (BFRDs) such as trichotillomania, onychophagia, and dermatillomania. Despite many dermatology providers knowing the term HRT, very few understand what HRT is and how it actually works. In this article, we give a detailed explanation of HRT and walk the reader through a six-session HRT protocol. We will briefly discuss adjunct interventions for BFRDs, including pharmacological approaches. We aim to make dermatologists more comfortable in offering basic HRT within their clinics and to close the gap that currently exists between patients who are HRT candidates and those who receive HRT treatment...
August 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666714/onychophagia-induced-melanonychia-splinter-hemorrhages-leukonychia-and-pterygium-inversum-unguis-concurrently
#3
Sezin Fıçıcıoğlu, Selma Korkmaz
Onychophagia, which refers to compulsive nail-biting behavior, is common among children and young adults. Onychophagia can cause destruction to the cuticle and nail plate, leading to shortening of nails, chronic paronychia, and secondary infections. Relatively uncommon effects include pigmentary changes, such as longitudinal melanonychia and splinter hemorrhages. We report a case of a young adult with longitudinal melanonychia, splinter hemorrhages, punctate leukonychia, and pterygium inversum unguis, concurrently induced by onychophagia...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206306/nail-extracting-behaviour-as-an-unusual-manifestation-of-adjustment-disorder-confused-with-onychotillomania
#4
LETTER
H Lee, W S Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187921/giant-gastric-trichobezoar-in-a-young-female-with-rapunzel-syndrome-case-report
#5
Mohamed Hamid, Youssef Chaoui, Mohamed Mountasser, Farid Sabbah, Mohammed Raiss, Abdelmalek Hrora, Mouna Alaoui, Mohammed Ahallat, Safaa Chaouch, Houria Ouazzani
Rapunzel syndrome is an extremely rare complication of a gastric trichobezoar in. We report here the unusual case of a case of a 16 years old girl presented with severe abdominal pain and vomiting. Clinical examination revealed a malnourished girl, with presence of a mobile and sensitive abdominal mass of 20x15 cm witch filled the upper quadrant. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed a heterogeneous mass occupying the whole stomach cavity with extension into the third portion of the duodenum. A diagnostic of giant trichobezoar is suspected after further questioning reveling a trichotillomania, trichophagia and onychophagia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054319/granulomatous-gastritis-induced-by-onychophagia-first-case-report
#6
Rui Morais, Amadeu C R Nunes, Elisabete Rios, Susana Rodrigues, Guilherme Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984036/a-cross-sectional-study-of-intestinal-parasitoses-in-dogs-and-children-of-the-periurban-area-of-la-plata-buenos-aires-argentina-zoonotic-importance-and-implications-in-public-health
#7
P Cociancic, M L Zonta, G T Navone
A cross-sectional study was performed between school term dates 2014 and 2015 to diagnose intestinal parasites in dogs and children living with them. The socio-environmental characteristics and hygiene practices of the children were also evaluated in terms of risk factors for parasitic infection of periurban neighbourhoods of La Plata (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Serial coproparasitological samples of 78 dogs and 211 children were analysed by means of concentration and flotation techniques. Socio-environmental variables and hygiene practices of children were evaluated through semi-structured questionnaires which were answered by every family...
February 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511823/dissociation-and-conversion-symptoms-in-dermatology
#8
Madhulika A Gupta, Branka Vujcic, Aditya K Gupta
Dissociation and conversion (defined as the somatic component of dissociation) can play an important mediating role in the exacerbation of the stress-reactive dermatoses (eg, psoriasis, idiopathic urticaria, atopic dermatitis), dermatoses that are exacerbated by excessive scratching (eg, lichen simplex chronicus, prurigo nodularis) and koebnerization, and the self-induced dermatoses (dermatitis artefacta, acne excoriée, skin picking disorder, trichotillomania, onychotillomania/onychophagia). Dissociative symptoms often coexist with obsessive-compulsive symptoms in the more severe cases of the self-induced dermatoses...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150088/neurocognitive-findings-in-onychophagia-pathological-nail-biting
#9
Austin W Blum, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
A notable number of people struggle to control the desire to bite their nails, resulting in impairment and distress. Understanding this behavior and the inability to control it has received little research attention. One possible mechanism to understand nail biting is through the use of neurocognitive assessments. Neurocognitive assessments of pathological nail biting, however, are lacking. This analysis assesses the clinical presentation and neurocognitive profile of adults with nail biting relative to participants without nail biting...
December 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994890/new-approach-to-managing-onychophagia
#10
O Marouane, M Ghorbel, M Nahdi, A Necibi, N Douki
Onychophagia is defined as a chronic habit of biting nails, commonly observed in both children and young adults. This oral habit may lead to various medical and dental problems. To date, onychophagia is considered an unsolved problem in medicine and dentistry. In this paper we describe an exclusive nonpunitive fixed appliance utilizing a stainless steel twisted round wire bonded from canine to canine, in the mandibular arch, as a treatment of onychophagia. It was used successfully in young adult patients and maintained for a month...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709064/l%C3%A3-ffler-syndrome-on-a-louisiana-pig-farm
#11
Kevin Gipson, Ryan Avery, Heena Shah, Derek Pepiak, Rodolfo E Bégué, John Malone, Luke A Wall
Löffler syndrome, a fulminant eosinophilic pneumonitis associated with the larval migratory phase of human parasites, is rarely reported in the United States. A previously healthy 8-year-old male was hospitalized with tachypnea, cough, hypoxemia, and fever of one week's duration. History revealed exposure to pigs on his family's farm in southernmost Louisiana, where the patient was responsible for cleaning the farm's pigpens. His fingernails were soiled and extremely short, with the edge of the nail bed exposed secondary to onychophagia...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634968/onychophagia-and-a-missed-opportunity
#12
Navya Bezawada, Li-Everington Raoul G T, Graeme P Currie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387832/onychophagia-a-nail-biting-conundrum-for-physicians
#13
REVIEW
Pierre Halteh, Richard K Scher, Shari R Lipner
Onychophagia, defined as habitual nail biting, is a common disorder affecting 20-30% of the population and all age groups. It may lead to significant psychosocial problems, have a negative impact on quality of life, and cause complications involving both the nail unit and the oral cavity. The objective of this paper is to review the prevalence, etiology, history, physical examination, complications and management of nail biting. Since onychophagia is a challenging disorder to treat, a multi-disciplinary approach should be taken involving dermatologists, internists, pediatricians, psychiatrists and dentists...
March 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320768/nail-tic-disorders-manifestations-pathogenesis-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Archana Singal, Deepashree Daulatabad
Nail tic disorders are classic examples of overlap between the domains of dermatology and psychiatry. They are examples of body-focused repetitive behaviors in which there is an irresistible urge or impulse to perform a certain behavior. The behavior is reinforced as it results in some degree of relief and pleasure. Nail tic disorders are common, yet poorly studied and understood. The literature on nail tic disorders is relatively scarce. Common nail tics include nail biting or onychophagia, onychotillomania and the habit tic deformity...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26629962/what-future-role-might-n-acetyl-cysteine-have-in-the-treatment-of-obsessive-compulsive-and-grooming-disorders-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Louise Smith, Derek K Tracy, Giovanni Giaroli
Licensed pharmacological treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorders include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants. However, a large proportion of patients show minimal or no therapeutic response to these treatments. The glutamatergic system has been implicated in the etiology of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, and it has been postulated that n-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) could have a therapeutic effect on these conditions through its actions on the glutamatergic system and the reduction of oxidative stress...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25198198/risk-factors-associated-with-deforming-oral-habits-in-children-aged-5-to-11-a-case-control-study
#16
Daniel Enrique Reyes Romagosa, María Rosa Paneque Gamboa, Yamilka Almeida Muñiz, Leticia María Quesada Oliva, Damiana Escalona Oliva, Sonia Torres Naranjo
INTRODUCTION: Dental and maxillofacial anomalies have multiple and complex causes. Most frequent among these are poor oral habits. A large number of children present with oral malocclusions, most of which are caused by deforming oral habits. It is important to learn about risk factors for this condition in order to institute preventive measures, early detection and treatment, and identification of low- and high-risk groups. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with deforming oral habits, which, if maintained over time, are responsible for occlusion defects, speech disorders, and can affect physical and emotional child development...
2014: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24809566/onychophagia-and-subgingival-foreign-body-embedment-a-case-report
#17
R Ellison, S Rahman, D Barker, C Larmour
This paper describes a case of subgingival foreign body embedment in the form of a finger nail fragment, as a consequence of onychophagia (fingernail biting). The result was periodontal infection that was concurrent with apical pathology on an adjacent non-vital tooth. This finding complicated the diagnosis and management of this case. Although foreign body impactions are relatively rare, they should be considered in a differential diagnosis, especially when the clinician is presented with an unusual clinical picture...
May 2014: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24596639/prevalence-of-bucco-dental-pathologies-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#18
Mariana C Morales-Chávez, Yusthin M Rueda-Delgado, David A Peña-Orozco
INTRODUCTION: Oral diseases in psychiatric patients are usually a result of bad oral hygiene and psychopharmaceutical side-effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detect the most prevalent oral lesions in patients hospitalized in a psychiatric institution in Caracas, Venezuela with the confirmed diagnosis of psychiatric illness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A transversal study consisted of 65 hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders out of whom 50 were males and 15 females...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24535041/onychophagia-is-associated-with-impairment-of-quality-of-life
#19
Przemysław Pacan, Adam Reich, Magdalena Grzesiak, Jacek C Szepietowski
Onychophagia is defined as a chronic nail biting behaviour affecting about 20-30% of the general population. However, nail biting seems to be an ignored problem in a daily clinical practice. We have analysed the influence of onychophagia on quality of life (QoL) and stigmatisation level among 339 medical students with and without nail biting. Those with onychophagia demonstrated significantly higher QoL impairment compared to the controls (p < 0.001). Subjects who had been unable to stop nail biting behaviour in the past (p < 0...
November 2014: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24487424/gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-clinical-features-of-75-cases-from-argentina
#20
F Micheli, M Gatto, O Gershanik, A Steinschnaider, M Fernandez Pardal, M Massaro
A series of 75 cases of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) from Argentina, whose ages ranged from 6 to 55 with a mean of 20.02, were evaluated to compare findings with those reported for other countries. Mean age at onset was 7.44 years and mean overall duration of symptoms was 12.58 years; 6.7% of cases were mild, 49% moderate and 44.3% severe. Most frequent presenting motor tics were excessive blinking in 41 followed by head jerking in 16 and eye winking in six, while phonic tics included coprolalia in 28...
1995: Behavioural Neurology
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