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Hilal Kaya Erdogan, Saniye Tulin Fıdan, Isil Bulur, Tekden Karapınar, Zeynep Nurhan Saracoglu
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by attention, concentration, mobility, and impulse control problems and is among the most frequently seen psychiatric disorders during childhood. Our aim was to evaluate cutaneous findings in children and adolescents with ADHD. In our study we found that onychophagy, traumatic skin changes, atopy and related symptoms, certain birthmarks, and acne were frequent cutaneous findings in children with ADHD. Although a limitation is the lack of a control group, ADHD is very common, and our study suggests that further studies of cutaneous findings and ADHD are warranted...
March 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Simona Gabrielli, Suzana Tasić-Otašević, Aleksandra Ignjatović, Maurizio Fraulo, Marija Trenkić-Božinović, Stefan Momčilović, Gabriella Cancrini
We report data on the Toxocara seroprevalence evidenced in 2015 from samples of 40 children and 298 adults of the population living in different areas of Serbia, and on possible association of certain variables with infection. Detection of specific antibodies was performed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; all ambiguous results and part of the positive and negative sera were further analyzed by confirmatory Western blot test. An overall 23.5% seroprevalence was noticed, which was confirmed in 13.0% of the examined population with no significant difference regarding the age (children = 10...
January 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Tina Momeni, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Esmaeil Fallah, Abdolrasoul Safaiyan, Leyla Mahami-Oskouei
Objectives. This study was designed to determine the frequency of anti-Toxocara antibodies in youngsters aging from 2 to 20 years in northwest Iran. Materials and Methods. 397 samples were taken randomly almost equally from four locations in Urmia, west Azerbaijan, during August 2014 to September 2015. Anti-Toxocara IgG antibody assays were done on sera by using ELISA kit (IBL, Germany). In order to prevent cross-reaction, the samples of the patients who are infected with other parasites in stool exam, especially Ascarididae family, were also excluded...
2016: Scientifica
Anna Wojas Pelc, Andrzej Kazimierz Jaworek
Onychophagy is classified to the nail diseases caused by repeated injures. Nail-biting as autodestruction and onychophagy in its most aggressive form, is common not only among children but adults as well. Nail-biting in children belongs to the group of habits and habitual function, which allowed for relieving the anxiety, loneliness, inactivity in children deprived of safety feeling, love and nearest relationship. In most adults suffering from onychophagy psychiatric diseases are not diagnosed. There are different clinical symptoms of onychophagy depended on the degree and the way of performed injures...
2003: Przegla̧d Lekarski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 1951: Le Progrés Médical
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1964: Bulletin de la Société Française de Dermatologie et de Syphiligraphie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1961: Pediatria Prática
G Corvo, G Tartaro, A Giudice, A Diomajuta
AIM: The aim of this work was to gather clinical data on craniomandibular (CMD)/temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders in a paediatric population. METHODS: The clinical study population comprised patients with TMJ disorders who were being treated in the orthognathic ambulatory clinic of the University of Naples, where an instrumental and clinical study was performed. Data were recorded for extra and intraoral findings, Angles classification and malocclusions. Radiographic examinations were carried out...
June 2003: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
P Journeau
Subcuticular whitlow is the most frequent form of hand infections in children, mainly resulting from the penetration of a foreign body such as a thorn bush or onychophagy. Local antispesis, Dakin's fluid baths and eventually antibiotics directed toward Staphylococcus aureus are usually effective therapies. Extension to a subcutaneous whitflow needs surgery. Specific treatment must be used in case of fungal and herpetic whitlows. Paronychia tendinosa is a severe form of infection affecting flexor tendons sheaths with a high risk of sequelae; it requires an emergency surgical excision and i...
July 2000: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
D Vanel, B Luboinski, C Micheau, P Wibault, J Masselot
The direct propagation of a cancer of the buccal cavity or oropharynx to the bone of a distal phalanx is demonstrated in two patients suffering from onychophagy. This exceptional way of cancer propagation must be searched for if an unusual site of metastasis is encountered.
March 1990: Journal de Radiologie
Iu S Shevchenko
Altogether 110 children and adolescents aged 1 to 19 years with trichotillomania and its rudiments were examined. The given phenomenon is shown to be similar to the other forms of pathological habitual actions, especially to onychophagy. The author demonstrates the nosological nonspecificity of trichotillomania and a great role played in its origin of minimum brain dysfunction. Provides evidence for the concept of the biological nature of the phenomenon. Stresses the psychopathological heterogeneity of trichotillomania in different age groups with emphasis on the preservation of the common pathogenetic nucleus--the conditioned reflex fixing of the philogenetic behavioral models...
1990: Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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