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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812121/-teaching-in-orthopaedic-and-trauma-surgery
#1
T Renkawitz, A Benditz, M Rüsseler, U Obertacke, J Grifka, M Weber
The scramble for available places to study medicine in Germany continues. One of the core points within the "Master Plan 2020", which has been recently adopted, is the reform of teaching concepts at German medical faculties. In the future, students of human medicine are to be trained primarily based upon competence-oriented, integrated curricula. The present paper is intended to present modern teaching concepts and methods, as well as current examination formats, which play a special role in student training in orthopaedics and traumatology...
August 15, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811078/mentoring-models-in-neurosurgical-training-review-of-literature
#2
REVIEW
Taiwo Akhigbe, Ardalan Zolnourian, Diederik Bulters
BACKGROUND: Effective mentoring is an invaluable element in the development of next generation of neurosurgeons. A mentor helps to develop professional core values, technical and non-technical skills, attitudes and disposition required to be qualified and competent neurosurgeon. Giving the invaluable significance of mentoring in neurosurgery, we undertook this literature review to identify mentoring models evaluating its success and relative benefit. METHODS: Literature search identified using MeSH word 'mentor', mentoring, mentorship, mentoring model, neurosurgery' in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Scopus databases from 1990 to 2016...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809086/who-where-what-and-where-to-now-a-snapshot-of-publishing-patterns-in-australian-orthopaedic-surgery
#3
Nicholas Croker, Abhirup Lobo, Anne Croker, Zsolt J Balogh, David Dewar
BACKGROUND: Development of core research competency is a principle of orthopaedic surgical training in Australia. This paper aims to provide an objective snapshot of publications by Australian orthopaedic trainees and surgeons, to contribute to the discussion on how to identify and build on research capability in the Australian Orthopaedic Association (AOA). METHODS: By analysing journals with a journal impact factor >1 from 2009 to 2015, data were gathered to explore scientific journal publications by Australian orthopaedic surgeons and trainees in relation to who are the authors, what they are reporting and where they are publishing...
August 15, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804939/assessing-the-application-of-knowledge-in-clinical-problem-solving-the-structured-professional-reasoning-exercise
#4
M P Escudier, M J Woolford, J A Tricio
INTRODUCTION: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students' clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800338/a-guideline-for-parkinson-s-disease-nurse-specialists-with-recommendations-for%C3%A2-clinical-practice
#5
Herma Lennaerts, Marieke Groot, Berna Rood, Koen Gilissen, Hella Tulp, Erik van Wensen, Marten Munneke, Teus van Laar, Bastiaan R Bloem
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's Disease Nurse Specialists (PDNS) play an important role in the care for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their caregivers. Until now, there were no nursing guidelines in PD, and interventions were based solely on daily clinical practice because there is no evidence to support the merits of nursing interventions. Consequently, there is little uniformity in current care delivery. OBJECTIVE: Developing a guideline for PDNS. METHODS: We developed a guideline based on a questionnaire among PDNS and a literature review, supplemented with expert opinion plus the input of patients and caregivers...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798737/complete-genome-analysis-of-thermus-parvatiensis-and-comparative-genomics-of-thermus-spp-provide-insights-into-genetic-variability-and-evolution-of-natural-competence-as-strategic-survival-attributes
#6
Charu Tripathi, Harshita Mishra, Himani Khurana, Vatsala Dwivedi, Komal Kamra, Ram K Negi, Rup Lal
Thermophilic environments represent an interesting niche. Among thermophiles, the genus Thermus is among the most studied genera. In this study, we have sequenced the genome of Thermus parvatiensis strain RL, a thermophile isolated from Himalayan hot water springs (temperature >96°C) using PacBio RSII SMRT technique. The small genome (2.01 Mbp) comprises a chromosome (1.87 Mbp) and a plasmid (143 Kbp), designated in this study as pTP143. Annotation revealed a high number of repair genes, a squeezed genome but containing highly plastic plasmid with transposases, integrases, mobile elements and hypothetical proteins (44%)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794576/effective-rheology-of-two-phase-flow-in-three-dimensional-porous-media-experiment-and-simulation
#7
Santanu Sinha, Andrew T Bender, Matthew Danczyk, Kayla Keepseagle, Cody A Prather, Joshua M Bray, Linn W Thrane, Joseph D Seymour, Sarah L Codd, Alex Hansen
We present an experimental and numerical study of immiscible two-phase flow of Newtonian fluids in three-dimensional (3D) porous media to find the relationship between the volumetric flow rate (Q) and the total pressure difference ([Formula: see text]) in the steady state. We show that in the regime where capillary forces compete with the viscous forces, the distribution of capillary barriers at the interfaces effectively creates a yield threshold ([Formula: see text]), making the fluids reminiscent of a Bingham viscoplastic fluid in the porous medium...
2017: Transport in Porous Media
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793799/undergraduate-dermatology-education-in-canada-a-national-survey
#8
Angela Hu, Ron Vender
BACKGROUND: Canadian dermatology curriculum was reviewed in 1983, 1987, 1996, and 2008. All these surveys highlighted the disproportionately low level of dermatology teaching in relation to the significant amount of skin disease seen by physicians. Since the official adoption and dissemination of the Canadian Professors of Dermatology (CPD) core curriculum and competencies, there has been no assessment of how these changes have influenced dermatology curriculum. OBJECTIVE: This survey gathered information on the current status of undergraduate dermatology education across Canadian medical schools...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792412/evolutionary-public-health-introducing-the-concept
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan C K Wells, Randolph M Nesse, Rebecca Sear, Rufus A Johnstone, Stephen C Stearns
The emerging discipline of evolutionary medicine is breaking new ground in understanding why people become ill. However, the value of evolutionary analyses of human physiology and behaviour is only beginning to be recognised in the field of public health. Core principles come from life history theory, which analyses the allocation of finite amounts of energy between four competing functions-maintenance, growth, reproduction, and defence. A central tenet of evolutionary theory is that organisms are selected to allocate energy and time to maximise reproductive success, rather than health or longevity...
July 29, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792114/early-psychosis-workforce-development-core-competencies-for-mental-health-professionals-working-in-the-early-psychosis-field
#10
Helen Osman, Anthony F Jorm, Eoin Killackey, Shona Francey, Dianne Mulcahy
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the core competencies required of mental health professionals working in the early psychosis field, which could function as an evidence-based tool to support the early psychosis workforce and in turn assist early psychosis service implementation and strengthen early psychosis model fidelity. METHOD: The Delphi method was used to establish expert consensus on the core competencies. In the first stage, a systematic literature search was conducted to generate competency items...
August 9, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790208/pathogenicity-locus-core-genome-and-accessory-gene-contributions-to-clostridium-difficile-virulence
#11
Brittany B Lewis, Rebecca A Carter, Lilan Ling, Ingrid Leiner, Ying Taur, Mini Kamboj, Erik R Dubberke, Joao Xavier, Eric G Pamer
Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming anaerobic bacterium that causes colitis in patients with disrupted colonic microbiota. While some individuals are asymptomatic C. difficile carriers, symptomatic disease ranges from mild diarrhea to potentially lethal toxic megacolon. The wide disease spectrum has been attributed to the infected host's age, underlying diseases, immune status, and microbiome composition. However, strain-specific differences in C. difficile virulence have also been implicated in determining colitis severity...
August 8, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783251/safety-and-efficacy-of-allogeneic-lung-spheroid-cells-in-a-mismatched-rat-model-of-pulmonary-fibrosis
#12
Jhon Cores, M Taylor Hensley, Kathryn Kinlaw, S Michaela Rikard, Phuong-Uyen Dinh, Dipti Paudel, Junnan Tang, Adam C Vandergriff, Tyler A Allen, Yazhou Li, Jianhua Liu, Bo Niu, Yuepeng Chi, Thomas Caranasos, Leonard J Lobo, Ke Cheng
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating interstitial lung disease characterized by the relentless deposition of extracellular matrix causing lung distortions and dysfunctions. The prognosis after detection is merely 3-5 years and the only two Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs treat the symptoms, not the disease, and have numerous side effects. Stem cell therapy is a promising treatment strategy for pulmonary fibrosis. Current animal and clinical studies focus on the use of adipose or bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells...
August 7, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780956/clinical-radiography-education-across-europe
#13
A England, S Geers-van Gemeren, A Henner, T Kukkes, D Pronk-Larive, L Rainford, J P McNulty
PURPOSE: To establish a picture of clinical education models within radiography programmes across Europe by surveying higher education institutions registered as affiliate members of the European Federation of Radiography Societies (EFRS). METHOD: An online survey was developed to ascertain data on: practical training, supervisory arrangements, placement logistics, quality assurance processes, and the assessment of clinical competencies. Responses were identifiable in terms of educational institution and country...
September 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777456/development-of-the-learning-health-system-researcher-core-competencies
#14
Christopher B Forrest, Francis D Chesley, Michelle L Tregear, Kamila B Mistry
OBJECTIVE: To develop core competencies for learning health system (LHS) researchers to guide the development of training programs. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data were obtained from literature review, expert interviews, a modified Delphi process, and consensus development meetings. STUDY DESIGN: The competencies were developed from August to December 2016 using qualitative methods. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: The literature review formed the basis for the initial draft of a competency domain framework...
August 4, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771515/the-role-of-core-and-accessory-type-iv-pilus-genes-in-natural-transformation-and-twitching-motility-in-the-bacterium-acinetobacter-baylyi
#15
Colleen G Leong, Rebecca A Bloomfield, Caroline A Boyd, Amber J Dornbusch, Leah Lieber, Flora Liu, Amie Owen, Erin Slay, Kristine M Lang, C Phoebe Lostroh
Here we present an examination of type IV pilus genes associated with competence and twitching in the bacterium Acinetobacter baylyi (strain ADP1, BD413). We used bioinformatics to identify potential competence and twitching genes and their operons. We measured the competence and twitching phenotypes of the bioinformatically-identified genes. These results demonstrate that competence and twitching in A. baylyi both rely upon a core of the same type IV pilus proteins. The core includes the inner membrane assembly platform (PilC), a periplasmic assemblage connecting the inner membrane assembly platform to the secretin (ComM), a secretin (ComQ) and its associated pilotin (PilF) that assists with secretin assembly and localization, both cytoplasmic pilus retraction ATPases (PilU, PilT), and pilins (ComP, ComB, PilX)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771002/importance-of-steric-influences-in-the-construction-of-multicomponent-hybrid-polymetallic-clusters
#16
Ross McLellan, Maria A Palacios, Sergio Sanz, Euan K Brechin, Scott J Dalgarno
The straightforward room temperature synthesis of hybrid polymetallic manganese clusters is investigated, exploiting complementary ligand combinations of p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene and salicylaldoximes. Eight new [Mn(III)7Mn(II)] clusters have been prepared wherein the simple substitution of alkyl or aryl groups at well-defined positions of the salicylaldoxime scaffold leads to two distinct structure types that, while exhibiting the same general topology, contain the unique Mn(II) ion in different positions...
August 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768874/pgc1%C3%AE-transcriptional-adaptor-function-governs-hepatitis-b-virus-replication-by-controlling-hbcag-p21-protein-mediated-capsid-formation
#17
Rasha E Shalaby, Saira Iram, Bülent Çakal, Claudia E Oropeza, Alan McLachlan
In the human hepatoma cell line, Huh7, co-expression of the coactivators, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α (PGC1α), cAMP responsive element binding protein binding protein (CBP), steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1) and protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) only modestly increase HBV biosynthesis. However, utilizing the human embryonic kidney cell line, HEK293T, it was possible to demonstrate that PGC1α alone can support viral biosynthesis independently of additional coactivator or transcription factor expression...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768111/providing-pediatric-palliative-care-education-using-problem-based-learning
#18
Karen Moody, Marlene McHugh, Rebecca Baker, Hillel Cohen, Priya Pinto, Stephanie Deutsch, Ruth O Santizo, Miriam Schechter, James Fausto, Pablo Joo
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Pediatrics has called for improvement in education and training of pediatricians in pediatric palliative care (PPC). Given the shortage of PPC physicians and the immediate need for PPC medical education, this study reports the outcomes of a problem-based learning (PBL) module facilitated by academic general and subspecialty pediatric faculty (non-PPC specialists) to third year medical students. Objectives/Setting: To test the effectiveness of a PPC-PBL module on third year medical students' and pediatric faculty's declarative knowledge, attitudes toward, perceived exposure, and self-assessed competency in PPC objectives...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765471/the-future-of-interprofessional-education-and-practice-for-dentists-and-dental-education
#19
Elizabeth A Andrews
In the ever-changing landscape of education, health professions programs must be adaptable and forward-thinking. Programs need to understand the services students should be educated to provide over the next 25 years. The movement to increase collaboration among health professionals to improve health care outcomes is a significant priority for all health professions. Complex medical issues frequently seen in patients can best be addressed with interprofessional health care teams. Training future health care providers to work in such teams facilitates collaborative care and can result in improved outcomes for patients...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765467/dental-education-required-for-the-changing-health-care-environment
#20
Margherita Fontana, Carlos González-Cabezas, Tracy de Peralta, David C Johnsen
To be able to meet the demands for care in 2040, dental graduates will need to address challenges resulting from the rapidly changing health care environment with knowledge and sets of skills to build on current standards and adapt to the future. The purposes of this article are to 1) analyze key challenges likely to evolve considerably between now and 2040 that will impact dental education and practice and 2) propose several sets of skills and educational outcomes necessary to address these challenges. The challenges discussed include changes in prevalence of oral diseases, dental practice patterns, materials and technologies, integrated medical-dental care, role of electronic health records, cultural competence, integrated curricula, interprofessional education, specialty-general balance, and web/cloud-based collaborations...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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