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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225732/integrating-and-assessing-structural-competency-in-an-innovative-prehealth-curriculum-at-vanderbilt-university
#1
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty
PROBLEM: Structural competency is a framework for conceptualizing and addressing health-related social justice issues that emphasizes diagnostic recognition of economic and political conditions producing and racializing inequalities in health. Strategies are needed to teach prehealth undergraduate students concepts central to structural competency (e.g., structural inequity, structural racism, structural stigma) and to evaluate their impact. APPROACH: The curriculum for Vanderbilt University's innovative prehealth major in medicine, health, and society (MHS) was reshaped in 2013 to incorporate structural competency concepts and skills into undergraduate courses...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222273/competencies-in-european-gerontological-higher-education-an-explorative-study-on-core-elements
#2
Eric C Schoenmakers, Joann Damron-Rodriguez, Janet C Frank, Birgit Pianosi, Jan S Jukema
This study explores whether there is a common core of competencies in European gerontology education programs by doing a cross-comparison of five undergraduate-level programs. Content analysis of competency profile documents at the five European educational programs were studied using thematic analysis. Study results document that there indeed is a common core of elements in gerontological educational programs. Three clusters which included a total of 15 categories were identified. The clusters were labeled professional attitude, communication skills, and service provision...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219456/an-electronic-competency-based-evaluation-tool-for-assessing-humanitarian-competencies-in-a-simulated-exercise
#3
Andrea B Evans, Jennifer M Hulme, Peter Nugus, Hilarie H Cranmer, Melanie Coutu, Kirsten Johnson
METHODS: The evaluation tool was first derived from the formerly Consortium of British Humanitarian Agencies' (CBHA; United Kingdom), now "Start Network's," Core Humanitarian Competency Framework and formatted in an electronic data capture tool that allowed for offline evaluation. During a 3-day humanitarian simulation event, participants in teams of eight to 10 were evaluated individually at multiple injects by trained evaluators. Participants were assessed on five competencies and a global rating scale...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218935/family-medicine-global-health-fellowship-competencies-a-modified-delphi-study
#4
Fadya El Rayess, Anna Filip, Anna Doubeni, Calvin Wilson, Cynthia Haq, Marc Debay, Gowri Anandarajah, Warren Heffron, Neil Jayasekera, Paul Larson, Bruce Dahlman, Olga Valdman, Vince Hunt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many US medical schools and family medicine departments have responded to a growing interest in global health by developing global health fellowships. However, there are no guidelines or consensus statements outlining competencies for global health fellows. Our objective was to develop a mission and core competencies for Family Medicine Global Health Fellowships. METHODS: A modified Delphi technique was used to develop consensus on fellowship competencies...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211001/content-analysis-of-resident-evaluations-of-faculty-anesthesiologists-supervision-encompasses-some-attributes-of-the-professionalism-core-competency
#5
Franklin Dexter, Debra Szeluga, Bradley J Hindman
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology departments need an instrument with which to assess practicing anesthesiologists' professionalism. The purpose of this retrospective analysis of the content of a cohort of resident evaluations of faculty anesthesiologists was to investigate the relationship between a clinical supervision scale and the multiple attributes of professionalism. METHODS: From July 1, 2013 to the present, our department has utilized the de Oliveira Filho unidimensional nine-item supervision scale to assess the quality of clinical supervision of residents provided by our anesthesiologists...
February 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209683/evaluation-of-6-remote-first-nations-community-based-buprenorphine-programs-in-northwestern-ontario-retrospective-study
#6
Solomon Mamakwa, Meldon Kahan, Dinah Kanate, Mike Kirlew, David Folk, Sharon Cirone, Sara Rea, Pierre Parsons, Craig Edwards, Janet Gordon, Fiona Main, Len Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate established opioid addiction treatment programs that use traditional healing in combination with buprenorphine-naloxone maintenance treatment in 6 First Nations communities in the Sioux Lookout region of northwestern Ontario. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Six First Nations communities in northwestern Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 526 First Nations participants in opioid-dependence treatment programs...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204980/interfaith-spiritual-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Anke I Liefbroer, Erik Olsman, R Ruard Ganzevoort, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin
Although knowledge on spiritual care provision in an interfaith context is essential for addressing the diversity of patients' religious and spiritual needs, an overview of the literature is lacking. Therefore, this article reviews the empirical literature on interfaith spiritual care (ISC) in professional caring relationships. A systematic search in electronic databases was conducted to identify empirical studies published after 2000. Twenty-two studies were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed, and their results were thematically analyzed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195316/structural-hierarchy-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-an-integrative-framework
#8
Hyunsik Kim, Cara M Keifer, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Nicholas R Eaton, Matthew D Lerner, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to resolve questions regarding the symptom classification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), previous research generally aimed to demonstrate superiority of one model over another. Rather than adjudicating which model may be optimal, we propose an alternative approach that integrates competing models using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, providing a comprehensive understanding of the underlying symptom structure of ASD. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3,825 individuals, consecutive referrals to a university hospital developmental disabilities specialty clinic or a child psychiatry outpatient clinic...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194403/comparative-rna-sequence-transcriptome-analysis-of-phenolic-acid-metabolism-in-salvia-miltiorrhiza-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-model-plant
#9
Zhenqiao Song, Linlin Guo, Tian Liu, Caicai Lin, Jianhua Wang, Xingfeng Li
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge is an important traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In this study, two S. miltiorrhiza genotypes (BH18 and ZH23) with different phenolic acid concentrations were used for de novo RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). A total of 170,787 transcripts and 56,216 unigenes were obtained. There were 670 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) identified between BH18 and ZH23, 250 of which were upregulated in ZH23, with genes involved in the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway being the most upregulated genes...
2017: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192931/multiplex-high-throughput-targeted-proteomic-assay-to-identify-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#10
Anna Baud, Frank Wessely, Francesca Mazzacuva, James McCormick, Stephane Camuzeaux, Wendy E Heywood, Daniel Little, Jane Vowles, Marianne Tuefferd, Olukunbi Mosaku, Majlinda Lako, Lyle Armstrong, Caleb Webber, M Zameel Cader, Pieter Peeters, Paul Gissen, Sally A Cowley, Kevin Mills
Induced pluripotent stem cells have great potential as a human model system in regenerative medicine, disease modeling, and drug screening. However, their use in medical research is hampered by laborious reprogramming procedures that yield low numbers of induced pluripotent stem cells. For further applications in research, only the best, competent clones should be used. The standard assays for pluripotency are based on genomic approaches, which take up to 1 week to perform and incur significant cost. Therefore, there is a need for a rapid and cost-effective assay able to distinguish between pluripotent and nonpluripotent cells...
February 6, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192728/core-competency-requirements-among-extension-workers-in-peninsular-malaysia-use-of-borich-s-needs-assessment-model
#11
Sulaiman Umar, Norsida Man, Nolila Mohd Nawi, Ismail Abd Latif, Bahaman Abu Samah
The study described the perceived importance of, and proficiency in core agricultural extension competencies among extension workers in Peninsular Malaysia; and evaluating the resultant deficits in the competencies. The Borich's Needs Assessment Model was used to achieve the objectives of the study. A sample of 298 respondents was randomly selected and interviewed using a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Thirty-three core competency items were assessed. Instrument validity and reliability were ensured. The cross-sectional data obtained was analysed using SPSS for descriptive statistics including mean weighted discrepancy score (MWDS)...
February 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188004/introducing-a-morbidity-and-mortality-conference-in-rwanda
#12
Egide Abahuje, Innocent Nzeyimana, Jennifer L Rickard
OBJECTIVES: To assess the structure, format, and educational features of a morbidity and mortality (M&M) conference in Rwanda. To determine factors associated with adverse events and to define opportunities for improvement. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive study of all cases presented at a surgical M&M conference over a 1-year period. Cases were reviewed for factors associated with adverse events and opportunities for improvement. Factors were characterized as delays in presentation, delays in diagnosis, delays in the operating room, errors in judgment, technical errors, advanced disease, and missing resources or malnutrition...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181083/environmental-impact-assessment-in-higher-education-institutions-in-east-africa-the-case-of-rwanda
#13
Telesphore Kabera
Due to the pressure on limited resources produced by a growing population and due to a decade of war, Rwanda is facing a major problem in environmental protection. Because of such problems, it seems only reasonable that environment-related courses should play an important role in the curricula of institutions of higher learning. The main aim of this research is to present a comprehensive picture of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) integration in graduate and undergraduate programs in Rwandese higher education institutions and to make recommendations for its improvement...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177957/proposing-a-model-of-co-regulated-learning-for-graduate-medical-education
#14
Jessica V Rich
Primarily grounded in Zimmerman's social cognitive model of self-regulation, graduate medical education is guided by principles that self-regulated learning takes place within social context and influence, and that the social context and physical environment reciprocally influence persons and their cognition, behavior, and development. However, contemporary perspectives on self-regulation are moving beyond Zimmerman's triadic reciprocal orientation to models that consider social transactions as the central core of regulated learning...
February 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169297/comparative-influenza-protein-interactomes-identify-the-role-of-plakophilin-2-in-virus-restriction
#15
Lingyan Wang, Bishi Fu, Wenjun Li, Girish Patil, Lin Liu, Martin E Dorf, Shitao Li
Cellular protein interaction networks are integral to host defence and immune signalling pathways, which are often hijacked by viruses via protein interactions. However, the comparative virus-host protein interaction networks and how these networks control host immunity and viral infection remain to be elucidated. Here, we mapped protein interactomes between human host and several influenza A viruses (IAV). Comparative analyses of the interactomes identified common and unique interaction patterns regulating innate immunity and viral infection...
February 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168356/identifying-survival-associated-modules-from-the-dysregulated-triplet-network-in-glioblastoma-multiforme
#16
Jia-Bin Wang, Feng-Hua Liu, Jian-Hang Chen, Hai-Tao Ge, Lu-Yan Mu, Hong-Bo Bao, Zhi-Guo Lin
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can act as competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) to compete with mRNAs for binding miroRNAs (miRNAs). The dysregulated triplets, composed by mRNAs, lncRNAs, and miRNAs, contributed to the development and progression of diseases, such as cancer. However, the roles played by triplet biomarkers are not fully understand in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patient survival. OBJECTIVES: Here, we constructed a differential triplet interaction network (TriNet) between GBM and normal tissues and identified GBM survival related triplets...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167745/standardisation-of-delivery-and-assessment-of-research-training-for-specialty-trainees-based-on-curriculum-requirements-recommendations-based-on-a-scoping-review
#17
Amar Rangan, James Pitchford, Penny Williams, Brian Wood, Stephen Robson
OBJECTIVES: (1) To conduct a scoping review of postgraduate specialty training (ST) curricula for doctors within Health Education England in order to identify common themes and variations in requirements for training and assessment of research competencies. (2) To make recommendations on standardisation of training for clinical research across ST programmes. SETTING: Health Education England North East and National Institute for Health Research Clinical Research Network (CRN)-North East and North Cumbria...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167390/hyper-cell-permeable-micelles-as-a-drug-delivery-carrier-for-effective-cancer-therapy
#18
Phei Er Saw, Mikyung Yu, Minsuk Choi, Eunbeol Lee, Sangyong Jon, Omid C Farokhzad
Although PEGylated liposomes (PEG-LS) have been intensively studied as drug-delivery vehicles, the rigidity and the hydrophilic PEG corona of liposomal membranes often limits cellular uptake, resulting in insufficient drug delivery to target cells. Thus, it is necessary to develop a new type of lipid-based self-assembled nanoparticles capable of enhanced cellular uptake, tissue penetration, and drug release than conventional PEGylated liposomes. Herein, we describe a simple modification of bicellar formulation in which the addition of a PEGylated phospholipid produced a dramatic physicochemical change in morphology, i...
January 31, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167305/self-reported-driving-difficulty-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-its-central-role-in-psychological-well-being
#19
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty, Thomas H Short
BACKGROUND: The ability to drive is a core function supporting independent living. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may impair driving capacity in numerous ways. Previous research has documented that individuals with TBI have more driving-related problems than other people and has identified predictors of driving status or capacity, mostly among civilians. But no research has examined the implications of driving limitations for the well-being of individuals with TBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between self-reported difficulty in driving with important domains of psychological well-being in veterans with TBI, adjusting for PTSD and years since most recent TBI...
February 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162028/competency-assessment-in-laboratory-medicine-standardization-and-utility-for-technical-staff-assessment-and-recertification-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Dalal M Nemenqani, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: The assessment of technical staff members' competency has been a challenge for laboratory workers, to ensure patient safety and high quality services. The aim of this study was to (1) investigate awareness on best ways to assess lab competencies; (2) identify existing institutional methods of competency assessment and how staff perceptions; and (3) gather opinions of respondents about a proposed program for competency assessment in laboratory medicine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, followed by an interview and discussion with laboratory stakeholders about a proposed competency assessment program that included all the six procedural elements of laboratory personnel competency assessment...
February 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
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