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Core competencies

Mohammed Al-Temimi, Michael Kidon, Samir Johna
CONTEXT: Reports evaluating faculty knowledge of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in community hospitals without a dedicated residency program are uncommon. OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluation regarding knowledge of ACGME core competencies before a residency program is started. DESIGN: Physicians at the Kaiser Permanente Fontana Medical Center (N = 480) were surveyed for their knowledge of ACGME core competencies before starting new residency programs...
October 14, 2016: Permanente Journal
Adrienne M Laury, Sarah N Bowe, Joshua Lospinoso
Importance: To date, an otolaryngology-specific morbidity and mortality (M&M) conference has never been reported or evaluated. Objective: To propose a novel otolaryngology-specific M&M format and to assess its success using a validated assessment tool. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preintervention and postintervention cohort study spanning 14 months (September 2014 to November 2015), with 32 faculty, residents, and medical students attending the department of otolaryngology M&M conference, conducted at the the San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Christopher L Grote, Julia I Novitski
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize data provided by special issue authors regarding the education, training, and practice of neuropsychologists from 14 surveyed countries. METHOD: A table was constructed to present an overview of variables of interest. RESULTS: There is considerable diversity among surveyed countries regarding the education and training required to enter practice as a clinical neuropsychologist. Clinical neuropsychologists are typically well compensated, at least in comparison to what constitutes an average salary in each country...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
(no author information available yet)
Purpose: Radiology represents a highly relevant part of undergraduate medical education from preclinical studies to subinternship training. It is therefore important to establish a content base for teaching radiology in German Medical Faculties. Materials and Methods: The German Society of Radiology (DRG) developed a model curriculum for radiological teaching at German medical universities, which is presented in this article. There is also a European model curriculum for undergraduate teaching (U-level curriculum of the European Society of Radiology)...
November 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Le Zhao, Chihiro Tsukano, Eunsang Kwon, Hisashi Shirakawa, Shuji Kaneko, Yoshiji Takemoto, Masahira Hirama
Valuable synthetic routes to Lycopodium alkaloid lycodine (1), and its unsymmetrical dimers, complanadines A (4) and B (5) have been developed. Regioselective construction of the bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane core structure of lycodine was achieved by a remote functionality-controlled Diels-Alder reaction and subsequent intramolecular Mizoroki-Heck reaction. Key coupling reaction of the lycodine units, pyridine N-oxide (66) and aryl bromide (65), through C-H arylation at the C1 position of 66 provided the unsymmetrical dimer structure in the late stage of the synthesis...
October 18, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Scott Kahan, Robert F Kushner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
Xiaoyun Hu, Xiuming Xi, Penglin Ma, Haibo Qiu, Kaijiang Yu, Yaoqing Tang, Chuanyun Qian, Qiang Fang, Yushan Wang, Xiangyou Yu, Yuan Xu, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to develop consensus on core competencies required for postgraduate training in intensive care medicine. METHODS: We used a combination of a modified Delphi method and a nominal group technique to create and modify the list of core competencies to ensure maximum consensus. Ideas were generated modified from Competency Based Training in Intensive Care Medicine in Europe collaboration (CoBaTrICE) core competencies. An online survey invited healthcare professionals, educators, and trainees to rate and comment on these competencies...
October 16, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Anna Ehrenberg, Petter Gustavsson, Lars Wallin, Anne-Marie Boström, Ann Rudman
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the developmental trajectories of registered nurses' capability beliefs during their first 3 years of practice. The focus was on three core competencies for health professionals-patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice. METHODS: A national cohort of registered nurses (n = 1,205) was recruited during their nursing education and subsequently surveyed yearly during the first 3 years of working life. The survey included 16 items on capability beliefs divided into three subscales for the assessment of patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice, and the data were analyzed with linear latent growth modeling...
October 14, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Lori A Stolz, Uwe Stolz, J Matthew Fields, Turandot Saul, Michael Secko, Matthew J Flannigan, Johnathan M Sheele, Robert P Rifenburg, Anthony J Weekes, Elaine B Josephson, John Bedolla, Dana M Resop, Jonathan Dela Cruz, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Terrell Caffery, Charlotte Derr, Rimon Bengiamin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Brandon Backlund, Jagdipak Heer, Robert J Hyde, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: Emergency ultrasound (EUS) has been recognized as integral to the training and practice of emergency medicine (EM). The Council of Emergency Medicine Residency-Academy of Emergency Ultrasound (CORD-AEUS) consensus document provides guidelines for resident assessment and progression. The Accredited Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has adopted the EM Milestones for assessment of residents' progress during their residency training which includes demonstration of procedural competency in bedside ultrasound...
October 14, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
David C Geary, Kristy vanMarle
At the beginning of preschool (M = 46 months of age), 197 (94 boys) children were administered tasks that assessed a suite of nonsymbolic and symbolic quantitative competencies as well as their executive functions, verbal and nonverbal intelligence, preliteracy skills, and their parents' education level. The children's mathematics achievement was assessed at the end of preschool (M = 64 months). We used a series of Bayesian and standard regression analyses to winnow this broad set of competencies down to the core subset of quantitative skills that predict later mathematics achievement, controlling other factors...
October 13, 2016: Developmental Psychology
E B Quinlivan, L C Messer, K Roytburd, A Blickman
The levels of satisfaction of the core self-determination needs (relatedness, autonomy and competence) among HIV-infected women of color as well as the association between need fulfillment and patient characteristics were examined. Having less than a high-school education was associated with lowest need satisfaction: autonomy (β = -1.90; 95%CI = -3.20, -0.60), relatedness (β = -2.70; 95%CI = -4.30, -1.10) and competency (β = -2.50; 95%CI = -3.60, -1.30). Each additional point increase in affective symptoms of depression was associated with decrements in need satisfaction (-...
October 13, 2016: AIDS Care
Susanne Salmela, Camilla Koskinen, Katie Eriksson
AIMS: To identify the distinctive foundations of the care culture and how nurse leaders (NL) can manage and strengthen these in a quest for ethically sustainable caring cultures. BACKGROUND: Sustainability presupposes an ethical leadership, a management of the good care and a well-educated staff, but research on NLs as managers of ethically sustainable caring cultures is not available. DESIGN: The study has a quantitative design with elements of a qualitative research approach...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Alhadji Malloum, Jean Jules Fifen, Zoubeida Dhaouadi, Serge Guy Nana Engo, Nejm-Eddine Jaidane
The accurate determination of the solvation energies of a proton in ammonia is based on the precise knowledge of the structures of neutral and protonated ammonia clusters. In this work, we have investigated all the possible and stable structures of protonated ammonia clusters H(+)(NH3)n=2-9, along with their isomeric distribution at a specific temperature. New significant isomers are reported here for the first time and show that the structures of protonated ammonia clusters are not only branched linear as assumed by all previous authors...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Kerri A Thom, Emily L Heil, Lindsay D Croft, Alison Duffy, Daniel J Morgan, Mary Johantgen
Clinical errors are common and can lead to adverse events and patient death. Health professionals must work within interprofessional teams to provide safe and effective care to patients, yet current curricula is lacking with regards to interprofessional education and patient safety. We describe the development and implementation of an interprofessional course aimed at medical, nursing, and pharmacy learners during their clinical training at a large academic medical centre. The course objectives were based on core competencies for interprofessional education and patient safety...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Muhan Wang, Timing Fang, Pan Wang, Xinpeng Tang, Baojiang Sun, Jun Zhang, Bing Liu
Hybrid surfactants containing both fluorocarbon (FC) and hydrocarbon (HC) chains, as effective CO2-philic surfactants, could improve the solubility of polar substances in supercritical CO2. Varying the length of the HC of hybrid surfactants is an effective way to improve the CO2-philicity. In this paper, we have investigated the effects of the HC length on the self-assembly process and the CO2-philicity of hybrid surfactants (F7Hn, n = 1, 4, 7 and 10) in water/CO2 mixtures using molecular dynamics simulations...
October 4, 2016: Soft Matter
Keith Francis Rourke, Andrew E MacNeily
INTRODUCTION: Urology residency training in Canada is quickly evolving from a time-based to a competency-based model. We aim to better define core surgical competencies that would comprise a surgical curriculum and assess any discrepancies in opinion nationally. METHODS: A web-based survey was validated and sent to the 536 practicing members of the Canadian Urological Association (CUA) in August and October 2014. The survey consisted of questions regarding practice demographics, fellowship training, and evaluated the 76 most common urological procedures (using a five-point Likert scale) in the context of the question, "After completion of residency training in Canada a urologist should be proficient in…" A core procedure was defined as one for which there was ≥75% agreement...
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Charles W Machan, Clifford P Kubiak
The behavior of a series of Manganese (Mn) carbonyl compounds with 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine (tpy) in κ(2)-N,N' and κ(3)-N,N',N'' coordination modes under electrochemically reducing conditions is reported. In the presence of carbon dioxide (CO2) and Brønsted acid (phenol), two-electron reduction to carbon monoxide (CO) and water (H2O) is observed. Based on data obtained from cyclic voltammetry and infrared spectroelectrochemistry, the active state of the catalyst in the proposed mechanism for all cases is [Mn(κ(3)-N,N',N''-tpy)(CO)2](-)...
October 5, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jee-In Hwang, Tai-Young Yoon, Hyeon-Jeong Jin, Yikyun Park, Ju-Young Park, Beom-Joon Lee
As final-year medical and nursing students will soon play key roles in frontline patient care, their preparedness for safe, reliable care provision is of special importance. We assessed patient safety competencies of final-year health profession students, and the effect of a 1-day patient safety education programme on these competencies. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 233 students in three colleges of medicine, nursing, and traditional medicine in Seoul. A before-and-after study followed to evaluate the effectiveness of the curriculum...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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