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Core competencies

Ruth Schofield, Andrea Chircop, Cynthia Baker, Marie Dietrich Leurer, Susan Duncan, Donalda Wotton
BACKGROUND: Sustaining and strengthening nurses 'contributions to public and population health in the 21st century depends in part on nursing education. Clearly articulated entry-to-practice competencies will contribute to the capacity of undergraduate nursing education programs to prepare graduates to promote local, national and global population health. OBJECTIVES: The Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing created the Public Health Task Force to develop consensus on core, national entry-to-practice competencies in public health nursing for undergraduate nursing students and to support these competencies with corresponding online teaching strategies...
March 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Julie A Poore, Justine C Dawson, Dawne-Marie Dunbar, Kathryn Parrish
As the health care environment increases in complexity and patient acuity rises, health profession graduates need to be prepared to work collaboratively to improve patient outcomes. The interprofessional debriefing tool (Debriefing Interprofessionally: Recognition & Reflection) presented in this article allows any simulation to be transformed into an interprofessional learning opportunity. The debriefing tool frames questions for both uniprofessional and multiprofessional simulation and is aligned with the Core Competencies for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice and with Quality and Safety Education for Nurses...
March 14, 2018: Nurse Educator
James F Burgess, Nir Menachemi, Matthew L Maciejewski
OBJECTIVE: To present revised core competencies for doctoral programs in health services research (HSR), modalities to deliver these competencies, and suggested methods for assessing mastery of these competencies. DATA SOURCES AND DATA COLLECTION: Core competencies were originally developed in 2005, updated (but unpublished) in 2008, modestly updated for a 2016 HSR workforce conference, and revised based on feedback from attendees. Additional feedback was obtained from doctoral program directors, employer/workforce experts and attendees of presentation on these competencies at the AcademyHealth's June 2017 Annual Research Meeting...
March 13, 2018: Health Services Research
Onur Güntürkün, Charlotte Koenen, Fabrizio Iovine, Alexis Garland, Roland Pusch
We are surrounded by an endless variation of objects. The ability to categorize these objects represents a core cognitive competence of humans and possibly all vertebrates. Research on category learning in nonhuman animals started with the seminal studies of Richard Herrnstein on the category "human" in pigeons. Since then, we have learned that pigeons are able to categorize a large number of stimulus sets, ranging from Cubist paintings to English orthography. Strangely, this prolific field has largely neglected to also study the avian neurobiology of categorization...
March 12, 2018: Learning & Behavior
Ulrich Hohmann, Julia Santiago, Joël Nicolet, Vilde Olsson, Fabio M Spiga, Ludwig A Hothorn, Melinka A Butenko, Michael Hothorn
Plant-unique membrane receptor kinases with leucine-rich repeat ectodomains (LRR-RKs) can sense small molecule, peptide, and protein ligands. Many LRR-RKs require SERK-family coreceptor kinases for high-affinity ligand binding and receptor activation. How one coreceptor can contribute to the specific binding of distinct ligands and activation of different LRR-RKs is poorly understood. Here we quantitatively analyze the contribution of SERK3 to ligand binding and activation of the brassinosteroid receptor BRI1 and the peptide hormone receptor HAESA...
March 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ryan Howard, Rishindra M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: Accurate medical documentation is a core competency in medical education and is critical to successful surgical practice. The following study aims to assess the coding accuracy of medical student documentation. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review identified patient encounters in a surgery clinic that contained documentation by both a faculty member and a third-year medical student. Records were de-identified and assigned a level of service (LOS) and diagnostic code by trained, expert coders...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Aleksandar N Neskovic, Henry Skinner, Susanna Price, Gabriele Via, Stefan De Hert, Ivan Stankovic, Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Denisa Muraru, Erik Sloth, Luna Gargani, Nuno Cardim, Alexandros Stefanidis, Matteo Cameli, Gilbert Habib, Bernard Cosyns, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
There is a growing trend of using ultrasound examination of the heart as a first-line diagnostic tool for initial patient evaluation in acute settings. Focus cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is a standardized but restricted cardiac ultrasound examination that may be undertaken by a range of medical professionals with diverse backgrounds. The intention of this core curriculum and syllabus is to define a unifying framework for educational and training processes/programmes that should result in competence in FoCUS for various medical professionals dealing with diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular emergencies...
February 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Stephen Bornstein, Melissa Heritage, Amanda Chudak, Robyn Tamblyn, Meghan McMahon, Adalsteinn Brown
OBJECTIVE: To develop an enriched set of core competencies for health services and policy research (HSPR) doctoral training that will help graduates maximize their impact across a range of academic and nonacademic work environments and roles. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data were obtained from multiple sources, including literature reviews, key informant interviews, stakeholder consultations, and Expert Working Group (EWG) meetings between January 2015 and March 2016...
March 11, 2018: Health Services Research
Erynne A Faucett, Jonnae Y Barry, Hilary C McCrary, Ahlam A Saleh, Audrey B Erman, Stacey L Ishman
Importance: To date, there have been no reports in the current literature regarding the use of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in otolaryngology residency training. An evaluation may help educators address these core competencies in the training curriculum. Objectives: To examine the quantity and nature of otolaryngology residency training literature through a systematic review and to evaluate whether this literature aligns with the 6 core competencies...
March 8, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Kyung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: An important goal of nursing education is helping students achieve core competencies efficiently. One proposed way of improving nursing education is team-based learning (TBL). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the comparative effectiveness of TBL and lecture-style classes in terms of teaching core competencies in nursing education, which include clinical competence skills, problem-solving ability, communication competencies, critical thinking ability, and self-leadership...
April 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Kristin Akerjordet, Trude Furunes, Annie Haver
AIM: To provide a synthesis of the evidence of health-promoting leadership related to nursing by exploring definitions, core attributes and critical conditions. BACKGROUND: Increasing pressure in health-care settings due to efficiency requirements, population aging with complex illnesses and projected global shortage of nurses, is a potential threat to nurses' health and job satisfaction, as well as patient quality of care and safety. New ways of thinking about nursing leadership and evidence-based human resource management are required to improve nursing environments...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Blagojce Jovcevski, J Andrew Aquilina, Justin L P Benesch, Heath Ecroyd
αB-Crystallin (HSPB5) is a small heat-shock protein that is composed of dimers that then assemble into a polydisperse ensemble of oligomers. Oligomerisation is mediated by heterologous interactions between the C-terminal tail of one dimer and the core "α-crystallin" domain of another and stabilised by interactions made by the N-terminal region. Comparatively little is known about the latter contribution, but previous studies have suggested that residues in the region 54-60 form contacts that stabilise the assembly...
March 8, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Tao T Le, Charles G Prober
New digital platforms are transforming learning in higher education and providing high-quality education content at little or no cost. Educators can now reach large, even global audiences. Yet, many medical schools continue to develop and maintain custom but duplicative curricular content despite having limited faculty and financial resources. In addition, medical students are faced with a multitude of potentially unaligned curricula driven by the school, national licensing exams, and the students' own perceived clinical training needs...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Danelle Cayea, Kim Tartaglia, Amit Pahwa, Heather Harrell, Amy Shaheen, Valerie J Lang
PURPOSE: The clinical skills needed to practice high-value care (HVC) are core to all medical disciplines. Medical students form practice habits early and HVC instruction is essential to this formation. The purpose of this study was to describe the state of HVC instruction and assessment in internal medicine clerkships and identify needs for additional curricula. METHOD: In 2014, the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine conducted its annual survey of 121 U.S...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Wei Sun, Xiabin Lan, Hao Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwu Dong, Liang He, Ting Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jinhao Liu, Yuan Qin
Nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), is a core structural component of paraspeckles and is essential for paraspeckle formation. NEAT1 comprises two different isoforms: NEAT1_1 (3.7 kb) and NEAT1_2 (23 kb). Recently, NEAT1 has been shown to have oncogenic roles and to facilitate tumorigenesis in various human cancers. However, the function of NEAT1 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is not well understood. The relative expression levels of NEAT1_2, ATPase family AAA domain-containing protein 2 (ATAD2), and microRNA-106b-5p (miR-106b-5p) were assessed via quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
March 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Rashmi A Kusurkar, Hester E Daelmans, Anton Horrevoets, Marian de Haan, Margreeth van der Meijde, Gerda Croiset
BACKGROUND: At VUmc School of Medical Sciences, major curricular reforms occurred in 2005 and 2015, related to the introduction of a Bachelor-Master structure, a new legislation from the Ministry of Education, the changing societal context, and taking note of students' and teachers' needs. Summary of work: Along with the introduction of the Bachelor-Master system, the period between 2005 and 2009 saw the movement from traditional lecture-based teaching to small group teaching in a competency-based curriculum, in which the students were responsible for their learning...
March 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
Ineke Brouwer, Tommaso Moschetti, Andrea Candelli, Edwige B Garcin, Mauro Modesti, Luca Pellegrini, Gijs Jl Wuite, Erwin Jg Peterman
An essential mechanism for repairing DNA double-strand breaks is homologous recombination (HR). One of its core catalysts is human RAD51 (hRAD51), which assembles as a helical nucleoprotein filament on single-stranded DNA, promoting DNA-strand exchange. Here, we study the interaction of hRAD51 with single-stranded DNA using a single-molecule approach. We show that ATP-bound hRAD51 filaments can exist in two different states with different contour lengths and with a free-energy difference of ~4 kB T per hRAD51 monomer...
March 5, 2018: EMBO Journal
Katherine Tan, Mei Chan Chong, Pathmawathy Subramaniam, Li Ping Wong
BACKGROUND: Outcome Based Education (OBE) is a student-centered approach of curriculum design and teaching that emphasize on what learners should know, understand, demonstrate and how to adapt to life beyond formal education. However, no systematic review has been seen to explore the effectiveness of OBE in improving the competencies of nursing students. OBJECTIVE: To appraise and synthesize the best available evidence that examines the effectiveness of OBE approaches towards the competencies of nursing students...
February 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Valerie Matarese, Karen Shashok
A team of stakeholders in biomedical publishing recently proposed a set of core competencies for journal editors, as a resource that can inform training programs for editors and ultimately improve the quality of the biomedical research literature. This initiative, still in its early stages, would benefit from additional sources of expert information. Based on our experiences as authors' editors, we offer two suggestions on how to strengthen these competencies so that they better respond to the needs of readers and authors - the main users of and contributors to research journals...
2018: F1000Research
Tara J Schapmire, Barbara A Head, Whitney A Nash, Pamela A Yankeelov, Christian D Furman, R Brent Wright, Rangaraj Gopalraj, Barbara Gordon, Karen P Black, Carol Jones, Madri Hall-Faul, Anna C Faul
A fragmented workforce consisting of multiple disciplines with varying levels of training and limited ability to work as a team often provides care to older adults. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential for preparing practitioners for the effective teamwork required for community-based, holistic, person-centered care of the older adults. Despite numerous programs and offerings to advance education and interdisciplinary patient care, there is an unmet need for geriatric IPE, especially as it relates to community-dwelling older adults and caregivers in medically underserved areas...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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