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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146663/a-vision-and-change-reform-of-introductory-biology-shifts-faculty-perceptions-and-use-of-active-learning
#1
Anna Jo Auerbach, Elisabeth Schussler
Increasing faculty use of active-learning (AL) pedagogies in college classrooms is a persistent challenge in biology education. A large research-intensive university implemented changes to its biology majors' two-course introductory sequence as outlined by the Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education final report. One goal of the curricular reform was to integrate core biological concepts and competencies into the courses using AL pedagogical approaches. The purpose of this study was to observe the instructional practices used by faculty (N = 10) throughout the 3-year process of reform to determine whether the use of AL strategies (including student collaboration) increased, given that it can maximize student learning gains...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142329/evidence-for-disks-at-an-early-stage-in-class-0-protostars
#2
M Gerin, J Pety, B Commerçon, A Fuente, J Cernicharo, N Marcelino, A Ciardi, D C Lis, E Roueff, H A Wootten, E Chapillon
Aims: The formation epoch of protostellar disks is debated because of the competing roles of rotation, turbulence, and magnetic fields in the early stages of low-mass star formation. Magnetohydrodynamics simulations of collapsing cores predict that rotationally supported disks may form in strongly magnetized cores through ambipolar diffusion or misalignment between the rotation axis and the magnetic field orientation. Detailed studies of individual sources are needed to cross check the theoretical predictions...
October 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141516/how-to-assess-communication-skills-development-of-the-rating-scale-comon-check
#3
K Radziej, J Loechner, C Engerer, M Niglio de Figueiredo, J Freund, H Sattel, C Bachmann, P O Berberat, A Dinkel, A Wuensch
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a core competency for all physicians. Thus, medical students require adequate preparation in communication skills. For research purposes, as well as for evaluation in teaching, there is a clear need for reliable assessment tools. We analyzed the shortcomings of existing instruments and saw a need for a new rating scale. The aim of this publication is to describe the development process for, and evaluation of, a new rating scale. METHODS: First, we developed the rating scale in 10 steps...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141480/benchmarking-for-research-related-competencies-a-curricular-mapping-approach-at-medical-faculties-in-germany
#4
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Olaf Fritze, Marianne Giesler, Elisabeth Narciss, Sandra Steffens, Annette Wosnik, Jan Griewatz
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, scientific and research-related competencies need to be sufficiently targeted as core outcomes in many undergraduate medical curricula. Since 2015, standards have been recommended for Germany in the National Competency-based Learning Objective Catalogue in Medicine (NKLM). The aim of this study is to develop a multi-center mapping approach for curricular benchmarking against national standards and against other medical faculties. METHOD: A total of 277 faculty members from four German medical faculties have mapped the local curriculum against the scientific and research-related NKLM objectives, using consented procedures, metrics, and tools...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#5
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120559/interpersonal-skills-in-the-practice-of-food-safety-inspections-a-study-of-compliance-assistance
#6
Jennifer Buckely
Conducting food safety inspections requires interpersonal skills and technical expertise. This requirement is particularly important for agencies that adopt a compliance assistance approach by encouraging inspectors to assist industry in finding solutions to violations. This article describes a study of inspections that were conducted by inspectors from the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Food and Dairy Division at small-scale processing facilities. Interactions between inspectors and small processors were explored through a qualitative, ethnographic approach using interviews and field observations...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120312/a-strategic-approach-to-workforce-development-for-local-public-health
#7
Beverley Bryant, Megan Ward
SETTING: In 2009, Peel Public Health set a vision to transform the work of public health from efficient delivery of public health services as defined by provincial mandate to the robust analysis of the health status of the local population and selection and implementation of programming to achieve best health outcomes. A strategic approach to the workforce was a key enabler. PPH is a public health unit in Ontario that serves 1.4 million people. INTERVENTION: An organization-wide strategic workforce development program was instituted...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119635/the-evolving-role-of-the-personal-support-worker-in-home-care-in-ontario-canada
#8
Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Shawna Kelly, Ann E Tourangeau
To meet increasing demand for home care, the role of personal support workers (PSWs) is shifting from providing primarily personal and supportive care to include care activities previously provided by regulated health professionals (RHPs). Much of the research examining this shift focuses on specialty programmes, with few studies investigating the daily care being provided by PSWs, frequency of care activities being provided by PSWs, and characteristics of the population receiving more complex tasks. Between January and April 2015, a review of 517 home-care service user charts was undertaken in Ontario, Canada, to: (1) describe the range of tasks being performed by PSWs in home care, (2) identify tasks transferred by RHPs to PSWs, and (3) examine characteristics of service users receiving transferred care...
November 8, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119221/preparing-japanese-surgeons-for-potential-mass-casualty-situations-will-require-innovative-and-systematic-programs
#9
H Uchino, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, W Bekker, G L Laing, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing state of global geo-political instability means that it is prudent to prepare civilian surgeons to manage major military-type trauma. Japan has enjoyed a prolonged period of peace and consequently it is unlikely that surgeons will have been exposed to a sufficient volume of cases. This study reviews the state of trauma training and preparedness in Japan and reviews the trauma workload of a major Japanese emergency medical center and compared with a major South African trauma center with the intention of quantifying and comparing the time needed to gain adequate exposure to major trauma at the two centers...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117047/the-keys-for-success-leadership-core-competencies
#10
Kristopher Pidgeon
Providing leaders with skills resulting in positive behaviors, specifically increasing quality performance improvement projects and leadership style, ultimately may deliver an increase in professional development. Consisting of the topic leadership, this article consists of core competencies specifically targeted for learning leadership skills. The purpose of this article is to assist the leader with developing leadership skills, which promotes professional development. This article reviews leadership skills and describes in detail the elements of some core competencies that can enable the leader to develop skills, including strategic thinking, organizational skills, time management, decision-making, leadership skills, conflict resolution, and strategies to enhance performance improvement...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114346/enhanced-skills-in-global-health-and-health-equity-guidelines-for-curriculum-development
#11
Russell Dawe, Andrea Pike, Monica Kidd, Praseedha Janakiram, Eileen Nicolle, Jill Allison
Introduction: Global health addresses health inequities in the care of underserved populations, both domestic and international. Given that health systems with a strong primary care foundation are the most equitable, effective and efficient, family medicine is uniquely positioned to engage in global health. However, there are no nationally recognized standards in Canada for postgraduate family medicine training in global health. Objective: To generate consensus on the essential components of a Global Health/Health Equity Enhanced Skills Program in family medicine...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111974/architecture-of-taf11-taf13-tbp-complex-suggests-novel-regulation-properties-of-general-transcription-factor-tfiid
#12
Kapil Gupta, Aleksandra A Watson, Tiago Baptista, Elisabeth Scheer, Anna L Chambers, Christine Koehler, Juan Zou, Ima Obong-Ebong, Eaazhisai Kandiah, Arturo Temblador, Adam Round, Eric Forest, Petr Man, Christoph Bieniossek, Ernest D Laue, Edward A Lemke, Juri Rappsilber, Carol V Robinson, Didier Devys, Làszlò Tora, Imre Berger
General transcription factor TFIID is a key component of RNA polymerase II transcription initiation. Human TFIID is a megadalton-sized complex comprising TATA-binding protein (TBP) and 13 TBP-associated factors (TAFs). TBP binds to core promoter DNA, recognizing the TATA-box. We identified a ternary complex formed by TBP and the histone fold (HF) domain-containing TFIID subunits TAF11 and TAF13. We demonstrate that TAF11/TAF13 competes for TBP binding with TATA-box DNA, and also with the N-terminal domain of TAF1 previously implicated in TATA-box mimicry...
November 7, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111163/professionalism-a-core-competency-but-what-does-it-mean-a-survey-of-surgery-residents
#13
Joshua C Dilday, Elizabeth A Miller, Kyle Schmitt, Brian Davis, Kurt G Davis
OBJECTIVE: Professionalism is 1 of the 6 core competencies of the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education. Despite its obvious importance, it is poorly defined in the literature and an understanding of its meaning has not been evaluated on surgical trainees. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) has previously published tenets of surgical professionalism. However, surgery residents may not share similar views on professionalism as those of the ACS. DESIGN: Surgical residents of all levels at 2 surgery residencies located in the same city were interviewed regarding their personal definitions, thoughts, and experiences regarding professionalism during their training...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103612/composition-and-regulation-of-the-cellular-repertoire-of-scf-ubiquitin-ligases
#14
Justin M Reitsma, Xing Liu, Kurt M Reichermeier, Annie Moradian, Michael J Sweredoski, Sonja Hess, Raymond J Deshaies
SCF (Skp1-Cullin-F-box) ubiquitin ligases comprise several dozen modular enzymes that have diverse roles in biological regulation. SCF enzymes share a common catalytic core containing Cul1⋅Rbx1, which is directed toward different substrates by a variable substrate receptor (SR) module comprising 1 of 69 F-box proteins bound to Skp1. Despite the broad cellular impact of SCF enzymes, important questions remain about the architecture and regulation of the SCF repertoire, including whether SRs compete for Cul1 and, if so, how this competition is managed...
October 26, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101417/-profile-of-kaposi-sarcoma-patients-in-the-competence-network-hiv-aids
#15
R-E Klingenberg, S Esser, N H Brockmeyer, C Michalik, A Skaletz-Rorowski, A Potthoff
BACKGROUND: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) represents the most common AIDS-defining neoplasm. Only very few studies regarding the course and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated KS have been carried out in Germany. OBJECTIVE: In this study the course of HIV-associated KS was observed in patients from the cohort database of the competence network for HIV/AIDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from HIV-associated KS patients from 9 German core centers from 1987 to 2011 were retrospectively collected...
November 3, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098146/health-literacy-related-knowledge-attitude-and-perceived-barriers-a-cross-sectional-study-among-physicians-pharmacists-and-nurses-in-public-hospitals-of-penang-malaysia
#16
Retha Rajah, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Ching Jou Lim
Introduction: Patients' health literacy (HL) has emerged as a critical determinant of health outcomes and becoming one of the core competencies of health-care providers. Therefore, this study aimed to assess among Malaysian physicians, pharmacists, and nurses, their HL-related knowledge, attitude, and perceived barriers, and also to determine the associated factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used to enroll 600 eligible respondents using stratified sampling from 6 public hospitals in Penang, Malaysia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098049/the-development-of-national-entrustable-professional-activities-to-inform-the-training-and-assessment-of-public-health-and-preventative-medicine-residents
#17
Brent Moloughney, Kieran Moore, Damon Dagnone, David Strong
Background: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) have emerged to bridge the gap between the learning of individual competencies and competence in real world practice. EPAs capture the critical core work of a discipline integrating competencies from multiple domains. This report describes the development of a set of EPAs for specialty training in Public Health and Preventive Medicine (PHPM) in Canada. Methods: The PHPM EPAs were developed using multiple existing sources...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095169/what-every-graduating-resident-needs-to-know-about-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-a-content-analysis-of-26-sets-of-acgme-milestones
#18
Meghan Lane-Fall, Joshua J Davis, Justin Clapp, Jennifer S Myers, Lee Ann Riesenberg
PURPOSE: Quality improvement (QI) and patient safety (PS) are broadly relevant to the practice of medicine, but specialty-specific milestones demonstrate variable expectations for trainee competency in QI/PS. The purpose of this study was to develop a unifying portrait of QI/ PS expectations for graduating residents irrespective of specialty. METHOD: Milestones from 26 residency programs representing the 24 member boards of the American Board of Medical specialties were downloaded from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) website in 2015...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084324/entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency-establishing-common-osteopathic-performance-standards-in-the-transition-from-medical-school-to-residency
#19
Pamela M Basehore, Luke H Mortensen, Emmanuel Katsaros, Machelle Linsenmeyer, Elizabeth K McClain, Patricia S Sexton, Nicole Wadsworth
Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are measurable units of observable professional practice that can be entrusted to an unsupervised trainee. They were first introduced as a method of operationalizing competency-based medical education in graduate medical education. The American Association of Medical Colleges subsequently used EPAs to establish the core skills that medical students must be able to perform before they enter residency training. A recently published guide provides descriptions, guidelines, and rationale for implementing and assessing the core EPAs from an osteopathic approach...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073312/vascular-ultrasonography-a-novel-method-to-reduce-paracentesis-related-major-bleeding
#20
Jeffrey H Barsuk, Bradley T Rosen, Elaine R Cohen, Joe Feinglass, Mark J Ault
Paracentesis is a core competency for hospitalists. Using ultrasound for fluid localization is standard practice and involves a low-frequency probe. Experts recommend a "2-probe technique, " which incorporates a high-frequency ultrasound probe in addition to the low-frequency probe to identify blood vessels within the intended needle path. Evidence is currently lacking to support this 2-probe technique, so we performed a pre- to postintervention study to evaluate its effect on paracentesis-related bleeding complications...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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