Read by QxMD icon Read


Nathalia Saber de Andrade, Ana Maria Félix André, Victor Hugo Perches Ferreira, Lincoln Eduardo Villela Vieira de Castro Ferreira
BACKGROUND: - Conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy is the best method for evaluation of the upper gastrointestinal tract, but it has limitations for the identification of the major duodenal papilla, even after the use of the straightening maneuver. Side-viewing duodenoscope is recommended for optimal examination of major duodenal papilla in patients at high risk for lesions in this region. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the biopsy forceps during conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy as an additional tool to the straightening maneuver, in the evaluation of the major duodenal papilla...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Takuya Kataoka, Motohiro Kamei
PURPOSE: To report a novel technique for intrascleral fixation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens using a silicone microtube to manipulate the haptics into position. METHODS: Intrascleral fixation was performed in six eyes and the results evaluated in this retrospective case series. A silicone microtube with a 0.2-mm external diameter was passed from a sclerocorneal incision through the chamber and a sclerotomy made using a 30-gauge needle. The tips of the intraocular lens haptics were connected to the silicone microtube outside the eye...
March 20, 2018: Retina
Nao Yoshida, Shintaro Yamazaki, Masahiko Sugitani, Tadatoshi Takayama
Energy devices can cause significant thermal damage to surrounding tissues causing unanticipated organ trauma. To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a novel electric device (DD1) for soft tissue dissection. Three series of measurements were performed in a pig model. First, macro- and microscopic tissue damage was compared between the DD1 and an electric scalpel (ES). Second, the time course of tissue temperature was measured for the DD1 and three other energy devices (ES, Harmonic and LigaSure). Third, the time required for mobilization of a peripheral artery of the intestine was compared between the DD1 and manual, non-energized forceps...
2018: Bioscience Trends
Marie-Louise Marschalek, Christof Worda, Lorenz Kuessel, Heinz Koelbl, Willi Oberaigner, Hermann Leitner, Julian Marschalek, Heinrich Husslein
BACKGROUND: In view of the reported increase in obstetric anal sphincter injuries, the objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of such injuries over time and the associated risk and protective factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study from a national database of 168 137 primiparous women with term, singleton, cephalic, vaginal delivery between 2008 and 2014. The main outcome measure was obstetric anal sphincter injury. A multivariate regression model was used to identify risk and protective factors...
March 14, 2018: Birth
Akihisa Kato, Itaru Naitoh, Katsuyuki Miyabe, Kazuki Hayashi, Hiromu Kondo, Michihiro Yoshida, Hiroyuki Kato, Toshiya Kuno, Satoru Takahashi, Takashi Joh
BACKGROUND: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of cytology specimens has been used to diagnose biliary strictures. However, the usefulness of FISH for differentiating between cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) has not been evaluated in forceps biopsy specimens. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 74 specimens obtained by transpapillary forceps biopsy between 2008 and 2015 from 49 consecutive patients with CCA and 25 with IgG4-SC...
March 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Heetaek Oh, Gwang Ha Kim, Moon Won Lee, Hye Kyung Jeon, Dong Hoon Baek, Bong Eun Lee
Background and study aims:  Heterotopic pancreas is a common subepithelial lesion in the stomach. However, its histological diagnosis is difficult when tissue samples are obtained with a conventional biopsy forceps. This study aimed to describe the magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) features of gastric heterotopic pancreas. Patients and methods:  We retrospectively analyzed a database of all patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at Pusan National University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2010...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Malay Sharma, Piyush Somani
Ascaris is a common cause of acute pancreatitis in developing countries. The mechanism of ascariasis induced acute pancreatitis include obstruction of papilla of Vater, invasion of common bile duct, or pancreatic duct (PD). PD ascariasis is a rare diagnosis. Endoscopic ultrasound is a highly accurate method to diagnose the aetiology of idiopathic acute pancreatitis with reference to biliary and pancreatic ascariasis. Treatment usually consist of endoscopic removal of worms with dormia basket or forceps on side viewing endoscopy...
March 6, 2018: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Marina Gomes, Vera Trocado, Mariana Carlos-Alves, Diana Arteiro, Paula Pinheiro
Non-pulsatile oxytocin given during labour can negatively affect breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to assess whether intrapartum oxytocin administration has any effect on breastfeeding. Secondly, to assess whether some maternal or neonatal variables influence breastfeeding. A retrospective cohort study was done, comparing two groups: women exposed (n = 101) and not exposed to oxytocin (n = 100) during labour. Women with caesarean section, vacuum extraction/forceps, twin pregnancy, breech presentation, premature neonates and with an Apgar score <7 at 5 minutes were excluded...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
Molly R Altman, Karen Colorafi, Kenn B Daratha
BACKGROUND:  Hospital electronic health record (EHR) data are increasingly being called upon for research purposes, yet only recently has it been tested to examine its reliability. Studies that have examined reliability of EHR data for research purposes have varied widely in methods used and field of inquiry, with little reporting of the reliability of perinatal and obstetric variables in the current literature. OBJECTIVE:  To assess the reliability of data extracted from a commercially available inpatient EHR as compared with manually abstracted data for common attributes used in obstetrical research...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
Kye Hoon Park, Won-Ho Chung, Hunki Kwon, Jong-Min Lee
This study compared white matter development in prelingually deaf and normal-hearing children using a tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) method. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was performed in 21 prelingually deaf (DEAF group) and 20 normal-hearing (HEAR group) subjects aged from 1.7 to 7.7 years. Using TBSS, we evaluated the regions of significant difference in fractional anisotropy (FA) between the groups. Correlations between FA values and age in each group were also analyzed using voxel-wise correlation analyses on the TBSS skeleton...
2018: BioMed Research International
M A Almeida, E Araujo Júnior, L Camano, A B Peixoto, W P Martins, R Mattar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of, indications of, and maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rates in cesarean sections in a private health service in Brazil. DESIGN: Retrospective and observational study. SETTING: Private health service in Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: The patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to determine maternal age, gestational age at the time of delivery, number of previous deliveries, type of delivery performed, duration of labor, indications for cesarean delivery, point at which cesarean section was performed, physician responsible for delivery, and maternal morbidity, fetal morbidity, and fetal mortality rates...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Omer Basar, Osman Yuksel, Dennis Yang, Jason Samarasena, David Forcione, Christopher J DiMaio, Mihir S Wagh, Kenneth Chang, Brenna Casey, Carlos Fernandez-Del Castillo, Martha B Pitman, William R Brugge
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The tissue acquisition and diagnostic yield of cyst fluid cytology is low-to-moderate and rarely provides a specific diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare the tissue acquisition and diagnostic tissue yield of micro-forceps biopsy (MFB) with cyst fluid cytology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data of 42 patients, whose cysts were aspirated by EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and then biopsied with MFB device in this multicenter study, were collected...
March 3, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Cihan Kaya, İsmail Alay, Murat Ekin, Levent Yaşar
OBJECTIVE: To declare our initial experience on hysterectomy cases performed using vaginally-assisted natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted with data from 12 patients in our department who were recommended for hysterectomies for various indications between January 2017 and May 2017. The following data were collected retrospectively: age, body mass index (BMI), parity, previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, total operating time, preoperative hemoglobin (Hb), postoperative Hb, peri-operative complications and Visual Analogue Scale scores for evaluating postoperative pain...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Chang-Il Kwon, Gwangil Kim, Jong Pil Moon, Ho Yun, Weon Jin Ko, Joo Young Cho, Sung Pyo Hong
Background/Aims: Recently, to lower the production costs and risk of infection, new disposable biopsy forceps made using simple manufacturing techniques have been introduced. However, the effects of the manufacturing techniques are unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate which types of biopsy forceps could obtain good-quality specimens according to the manufacturing techniques. Methods: By using an in vitro nitrile glove popping model, we compared the popping ability among eight different disposable biopsy forceps (one pair of biopsy forceps with cups made by a cutting method [cutting forceps], four pairs of biopsy forceps with cups made by a pressing method [pressing forceps], and three pairs of biopsy forceps with cups made using a injection molding method [molding forceps])...
March 5, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Qi Wen, Giulia M Muraca, Joseph Ting, Sarah Coad, Kenneth I Lim, Sarka Lisonkova
OBJECTIVE: Instrumental vaginal delivery is associated with birth trauma to infant and obstetric trauma to mother. As caesarean delivery rates increased during the past decades, the rate of instrumental vaginal delivery declined. We examined concomitant temporal changes in the rates of severe birth trauma and maternal obstetric trauma. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: All hospital singleton live births in Washington State, USA, 2004-2013, excluding breech delivery...
March 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Jianlong Yang, Rahul Chandwani, Varun Gopinatth, Tim Boyce, Stephen C Pflugfelder, David Huang, Gangjun Liu
Conjunctivochalasis is a common cause of tear dysfunction due to the conjunctiva becoming loose and wrinkly with age. The current solutions to this disease include either surgical excision in the operating room, or thermoreduction of the loose tissue with hot wire in the clinic. We developed a near-infrared laser thermal conjunctivoplasty system. The system utilizes a 1460-nm programmable laser diode system as the light source. At this wavelength, a water absorption peak exists and the blood absorption is minimal, so the heating of redundant conjunctiva is even and there is no bleeding...
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jian-Cen Tang, Hong-Ping Cui, Hao Chu, Ji Xu, Bao-Song Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Linda K McEvoy, Christine Fennema-Notestine, Jeremy A Elman, Lisa T Eyler, Carol E Franz, Donald J Hagler, Sean N Hatton, Michael J Lyons, Matthew S Panizzon, Anders M Dale, William S Kremen
Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with deleterious changes in the brain but associations of moderate alcohol intake are not well understood. We examined the association of alcohol consumption with brain white matter health in 377 middle-aged men (56-66 years old; mean 61.8 ± 2.6 years) who were participants in the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging (VETSA). T1-, T2-, proton density-, and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images were obtained. Diffusion measures were quantified from 12 major white matter tracts...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Mitsuru Esaki, Sho Suzuki, Yasuyo Hayashi, Azusa Yokoyama, Shuichi Abe, Taizo Hosokawa, Haruei Ogino, Hirotada Akiho, Eikichi Ihara, Yoshihiro Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a standard treatment for early gastric cancer. A new multi-functional ESD device was developed to achieve complete ESD with a single device. A metal plate attached to its distal sheath achieves better hemostasis during the procedure than the other needle-knife device, Flush Knife BT®, that has been conventionally used. The aim of this study was to compare the technical outcomes of ESD for early gastric cancer using the Splash M-Knife® with those using the Flush Knife BT...
February 27, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"