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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626856/delivery-parameters-neonatal-parameters-and-incidence-of-urinary-incontinence-6-months-postpartum-a-cohort-study
#1
Stian Langeland Wesnes, Yngvild Hannestad, Guri Rortveit
INTRODUCTION: Contradictory results have been reported regarding most delivery parameters as risk factors for urinary incontinence. We investigated the association between incidence of urinary incontinence six months postpartum and single obstetric risk factors as well as combinations of risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study was based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health during 1998-2008. This substudy was based on 7561 primiparous women who were continent before and during pregnancy...
June 19, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624238/non-imf-mandibular-fracture-reduction-techniques-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Enkh-Orchlon Batbayar, Baucke van Minnen, Ruud R M Bos
BACKGROUND: Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) techniques are commonly used in mandibular fracture treatment to reduce bone fragments and re-establish normal occlusion. However, non-IMF reduction techniques such as repositioning forceps may be preferable due to their quick yet adequate reduction. The purpose of this paper is to assess which non-IMF reduction techniques and reduction forceps are available for fracture reduction in the mandible. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in the databases of Pubmed and EMBASE...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621294/endoscopic-ultrasound-with-tissue-sampling-is-accurate-in-the-diagnosis-and-subclassification-of-gastrointestinal-spindle-cell-neoplasms
#3
Dalbir Singh Sandhu, Adrian N Holm, Rami El-Abiad, Carolyn Rysgaard, Chris Jensen, Henning Gerke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal (spindle cell) neoplasms (SCN) of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are an important subtype of subepithelial lesions that need subclassification to assess their malignant potential. Reported success rates of accurate subclassification with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsies are variable. Our goal was to analyze our experience using EUS-guided TruCut biopsy (EUS-TCB) in the majority of patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis in patients who underwent EUS with biopsies for suspected SCN at our tertiary referral center between 2004 and 2013...
May 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620946/incidental-detection-of-asymptomatic-migration-of-hem-o-lok-clip-into-the-bladder-after-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#4
Junpei Iizuka, Yasunobu Hashimoto, Tsunenori Kondo, Toshio Takagi, Keisuke Hata, Taichi Kanzawa, Hidekazu Tachibana, Kazuhiko Yoshida, Kazunari Tanabe
Hem-o-lok clips have been widely used in laparoscopic or robot-assisted surgery. We report a case of an incidentally discovered Hem-o-lok migration into the bladder after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The patient was a 75-year-old man with localized prostate cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in July 2009. At 3 postoperative years, follow-up ultrasonography revealed a small round mass in the bladder. No lower urinary tract symptoms were reported, and urinalysis results had never indicated hematuria or pyuria...
June 15, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620795/levator-ani-defects-and-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-women-with-anterior-compartment-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#5
Sissel H Oversand, Anne C Staff, Leiv Sandvik, Ingrid Volløyhaug, Rune Svenningsen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsions in a selected cohort of patients with primary anterior compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess whether LAM avulsions, as an independent factor, affect the degree of POP symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Additionally, clinical and demographic variables of women with and those without avulsions were compared. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study including 197 women scheduled for anterior compartment POP surgery...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616828/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-at-term-in-low-risk-pregnancies-according-to-nice-criteria-comparison-between-a-tertiary-obstetrical-hospital-and-midwife-attended-units
#6
Tanja Ignatov, Holm Eggemann, Serban Dan Costa, Atanas Ignatov
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal and maternal outcomes at term at a single tertiary, university hospital in women with low-risk pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with low-risk pregnancies, who delivered at University Women's Hospital Magdeburg between January 2010 and December 2014. Data were compared with data published by Brocklehurst et al. 2011. RESULTS: Of the 6052 women investigated, 2014 were classified as low risk according to the NICE criteria and were eligible for analysis...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614890/a-new-technique-for-difficult-biliary-cannulation-using-endobiliary-forceps-in-a-patient-with-a-periampullary-diverticulum
#7
Kook Hyun Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602275/alcohol-fixation-of-bacteria-to-surgical-instruments-increases-cleaning-difficulty-and-may-contribute-to-sterilization-inefficacy
#8
Dayane de Melo Costa, Lillian Kelly de Oliveira Lopes, Honghua Hu, Anaclara Ferreira Veiga Tipple, Karen Vickery
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is frequently inappropriately used on surgical instruments to reduce bacterial contamination, but fixes protein to stainless steel. Here we compare the effect of air drying, prolonged soaking in water, and alcohol treatment on cleaning difficulty of contaminated forceps. METHODS: Haltsted-mosquito forceps were contaminated with only Staphylococcus aureus. Instruments were air-dried for 10 (control), 75, or 240 minutes, soaked in water, or air dried then treated with ethanol or isopropanol for 10 seconds...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599906/affordable-microsurgical-training-system-for-a-beginning-neurosurgeon-how-to-realize-the-self-laboratory
#9
Sang-Bong Chung, Jiwook Ryu, Yeongu Chung, Sung Ho Lee, Seok Keun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Based on our experience, this report provides detailed information about how to realize a self-laboratory including cost-effective microsurgical instruments especially for the novice trainee. METHODS: Our training model was designed to allow microsurgical practice to be performed in a cost-effective way. A used stereoscopic microscope was prepared for microsurgical training. A sufficient working distance for microsurgical practice was obtained by attaching an auxiliary objective lens...
June 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597519/feasibility-study-on-robot-assisted-retinal-vascular-bypass-surgery-in-an-ex%C3%A2-vivo-porcine-model
#10
Yi Qi Chen, Ji Wei Tao, Liang Li, Jian Bo Mao, Chen Ting Zhu, Ji Meng Lao, Yang Yang, Li-Jun Shen
PURPOSE: To describe a new robot-assisted surgical system for retinal vascular bypass surgery (RVBS) and to compare the success rate with freehand RVBS. METHODS: A robot-assisted system for retinal microsurgery was constructed to include two independent robotic arms. A 23-gauge light probe and an intraocular forceps were affixed to the arm end effectors to perform the intraocular manipulation. Harvested porcine eyes were introduced to be established animal models of closed-sky eyeballs after that pars plana vitrectomy using temporary keratoprosthesis was performed by a skilful surgeon...
June 9, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595810/successful-percutaneous-retrieval-of-embolized-transcatheter-left-atrial-appendage-closure-device-watchman-using-a-modified-vascular-retrieval-forceps
#11
Zaher Fanari, Sachin Goel, Jeffrey A Goldstein
Transcatheter closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is increasingly considered as an alternative to oral anticoagulation in patients with previous major bleeding or at high-risk of bleeding. Device embolization with transcatheter LAA closure is a rare complication. Most cases are asymptomatic, but it can be life threatening. Depending on the location of embolization, percutaneous retrieval is feasible. Snares are usually used for retrieval, but other devices may be used. We report the case of a 63-year gentleman who underwent an uneventful LAA closure with Watchman device and routine testing next day showed embolization to the abdominal aorta...
May 31, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594995/folds-in-descemet-membrane-associated-with-forceps-induced-injury
#12
Shikha Yadav, Archita Singh, Radhika Tandon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594775/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-after-training-residents-in-forceps-before-vacuum-instrumental-birth
#13
Sasha Skinner, Miranda Davies-Tuck, Euan Wallace, Ryan Hodges
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of attempted and successful instrumental births, intrapartum cesarean delivery, and subsequent perinatal and maternal morbidity before and after implementing a training intervention to arrest the decline in forceps competency among resident obstetricians. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined all attempted instrumental births at Monash Health from 2005 to 2014. We performed an interrupted time-series analysis to compare outcomes of attempted instrumental births in 2005-2009 with those in 2010-2014...
June 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590104/time-remaining-in-labor-and-probability-of-vaginal-delivery-as-a-function-of-the-angle-of-progression-in-a-low-risk-population-with-a-normal-first-stage-of-labor-in-house-observational-study-and-comparison-with-the-data-in-the-literature
#14
Bianca Masturzo, Annalisa Piazzese, Sara Paracchini, Maria S Quezada, Tullia Todros, Antonio Farina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether the angle of progression (AoP), as measured by transperineal ultrasound, was predictive of both the time remaining in labor and vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational cohort study involving 270 low-risk women with singleton pregnancies at term. The AoP, measured at the end of the first stage of labor, was used as a predictive variable of time remaining in labor and mode of delivery...
June 7, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589502/endoscopic-removal-of-an-impacted-barolith-at-the-sigmoid-colon-a-rare-case-report
#15
Tomoya Iida, Takehiro Hirano, Kei Onodera, Toshiyuki Kubo, Kentaro Yamashita, Hiroo Yamano, Hiroshi Nakase
A 45-year-old woman visited our hospital complaining of abdominal pain 1 week after undergoing an annual medical checkup. Her vital signs and blood test results were normal, but tenderness was found in the lower abdomen. A high-density round structure found at the midline of the lower abdomen on an abdominal radiograph was thought to be an accumulation of barium (a barolith) from upper gastrointestinal barium radiography. Two liters of an oral gastrointestinal cleaning agent was administered, but defecation did not occur...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588877/endoscopic-removal-of-over-the-scope-clips-clinical-experience-with-a-bipolar-cutting-device
#16
Markus Bauder, Benjamin Meier, Karel Caca, Arthur Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Over-the-scope clips (OTSCs) are increasingly used for the closure of perforations/fistulae, hemostasis and endoscopic full-thickness resection (FTRD system). When OTSC-associated complications occur or re-therapy at the OTSC site is needed, OTSC removal may be indicated. An experimental study in an animal model and a case series have shown good results for OTSC removal with a bipolar cutting device. We present a larger clinical study using this device. METHODS: Data of all consecutive patients with indication for OTSC removal were collected and analyzed retrospectively...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588326/canine-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-using-two-3-and-5-mm-portal-sites-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Juan-Ramón Granados, Jesús Usón-Casaus, José-Manuel Martínez, Francisco Sánchez-Margallo, Eva Pérez-Merino
Laparoscopic ovariectomy (LapOve) was performed in 3 groups (2.7-mm/5-mm, 5-mm/3-mm, and 5-mm telescope/5-mm bipolar forceps) of small dogs (n = 60). Surgical times, bleeding rates, complications, and laparoscopic visualization were recorded and compared among groups. Use of the 3-mm bipolar forceps significantly increased the surgical time and showed higher bleeding rates compared with the 5-mm bipolar forceps. The 2.7-mm telescope significantly decreased the laparoscopic view. No complications were seen in any group...
June 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584040/perinatal-and-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-at-midpelvic-station
#18
Giulia M Muraca, Yasser Sabr, Sarka Lisonkova, Amanda Skoll, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increased use of operative vaginal delivery (i.e., forceps or vacuum application), of which 20% occurs at midpelvic station, has been advocated to reduce the rate of cesarean delivery. We aimed to quantify severe perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality associated with attempted midpelvic operative vaginal delivery. METHODS: We studied all term singleton deliveries in Canada between 2003 and 2013, by attempted midpelvic operative vaginal or cesarean delivery with labour (with and without prolonged second stage)...
June 5, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582378/robotic-verse-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-pooled-analysis-of-11-individual-studies
#19
Bo-Shi Duan, Jian Zhao, Long-Fei Xie, Yue Wang
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgery is a new technique with the benefits of a 3-dimensional view, the ability to use multidegree-of-freedom forceps, the elimination of physiological tremors, and a stable camera view. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and short-term outcomes of robotic surgery for gastric cancer, compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: A literature search was performed for comparative studies reporting perioperative outcomes of robotic gastrectomy (RG) and laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG)...
June 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557828/vitreous-occlusion-of-a-glaucoma-drainage-implant-surgical-management
#20
Kateki Vinod, Joseph F Panarelli, Ronald C Gentile, Paul A Sidoti
Vitreous occlusion of a glaucoma drainage implant (GDI) can lead to failure of the device and severely elevated intraocular pressure. The pathophysiology of tube obstruction is related to central and anterior displacement of vitreous that is drawn into and condenses within the proximal lumen of the tube. This can occur from days to years following GDI surgery. Successful management of vitreous-tube obstruction generally requires manual removal of the condensed vitreous plug with end-grasping forceps. This technique achieves reversal of tube blockage and restoration of GDI function...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
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