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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092853/operative-vaginal-delivery-and-invasive-procedures-in-pregnancy-among-women-living-with-hiv
#1
Helen Peters, Kate Francis, Kate Harding, Pat A Tookey, Claire Thorne
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use and outcomes of operative delivery and invasive procedures in pregnancy amongst women living with HIV. STUDY DESIGN: The National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC) is a comprehensive population-based surveillance study in the UK and Ireland. The NSHPC has collected data on operative delivery since 2008, and invasive procedures in pregnancy (amniocentesis, cordocentesis, chorionic villus sampling) from 2012. Descriptive analyses were conducted on 278 pregnancies expected to deliver from 1 January 2008 with outcome reported to the NSHPC by 31 March 2016...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091766/pre-operative-intra-articular-deep-tissue-sampling-with-novel-retrograde-forceps-improves-the-diagnostics-in-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#2
Matthias D Wimmer, Milena M Ploeger, Max J Friedrich, Thomas Hügle, Sascha Gravius, Thomas M Randau
BACKGROUND: Histopathological tissue analysis is a key parameter within the diagnostic algorithm for suspected periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs), conventionally acquired in open surgery. In 2014, Hügle and co-workers introduced novel retrograde forceps for retrograde synovial biopsy with simultaneous fluid aspiration of the knee joint. We hypothesised that tissue samples acquired by retrograde synovial biopsy are equal to intra-operatively acquired deep representative tissue samples regarding bacterial detection and differentiation of periprosthetic infectious membranes...
January 14, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091391/slender-horned-gazelle-gazella-leptoceros-a-new-host-for-tricholipeurus-balanicus-phthiraptera-ischnocera-trichodectidae
#3
Bilal Dik, Faiza Marniche, Amel Milla, Houria Benbelcacem
This study was performed to provide information on Tricholipeurus balanicus (Werneck 1938) detected on slender-horned gazelles (Gazella leptoceros) (Cuvier 1842). Four slender-horned gazelles kept in the El Hamma Zoological Garden in Algeria were examined for lice in April 2015. Three of the four gazelles were infested with lice; of 37 lice collected from the infested animals, 14 were females, 16 were males, and 7 were nymphs. Lice were mainly found on the back and hind legs of the gazelles. The lice were collected by a forceps, preserved in 70% alcohol, and cleared in 10% KOH for 24 h...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089015/time-and-cost-savings-of-the-forceps-tie
#4
Carly H Eubanks, Zachary J Beavis, Adam M Rotunda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088226/use-of-an-intraoperative-navigation-system-for-retrieving-a-broken-dental-instrument-in-the-mandible-a-case-report
#5
Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Akane Shibata, Kenichi Matsumoto, Yuka Sukegawa-Takahashi, Kyosuke Sakaida, Yoshihiko Furuki
BACKGROUND: A fracture of root canal instruments, with a fractured piece protruding beyond the apex, is a troublesome incident during an endodontic treatment. Locating and retrieving them represents a challenge to maxillofacial surgeons because it is difficult to access due to the proximity between the foreign body and vital structures. Although safe and accurate for surgery, radiographs and electromagnetic devices do not provide a precise three-dimensional position. In contrast, computer-aided navigation provides a correlation between preoperatively collected data and intraoperatively encountered anatomy...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087435/postmyelotomy-closure-of-spinal-cord-zip-lock-technique-an-initial-experience
#6
Daljit Singh, Shaam Bodeliwala, Hukum Singh, Anita Jagetia, Amit Mittal
Proper closure of the pia matter is necessary to restore the normal anatomy and prevent postoperative painful dysesthesia after excision of intramedullary spinal cord tumor. Two methods of closure of the pia have been described: welding technique and conventional suturing. Here, we report our initial experience with a new "pial press" or "zip-lock" technique for pial closure where pial layers are simply held together and plunged into each other with small micro tooth forceps. Advantages of the technique over other techniques are its less chances of suture related complications or trauma to the posterior column and simplicity of the technique...
January 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066660/flex-rigid-pleuroscopic-biopsy-with-the-sb-knife-jr-is-a-novel-technique-for-diagnosis-of-malignant-or-benign-fibrothorax
#7
Xiao-Bo Wang, Yan Yin, Yuan Miao, Ralf Eberhardt, Gang Hou, Felix J Herth, Jian Kang
Diagnosing pleural effusion is challenging, especially in patients with malignant or benign fibrothorax, which is difficult to sample using standard flexible forceps (SFF) via flex-rigid pleuroscopy. An adequate sample is crucial for the differential diagnosis of malignant fibrothorax (malignant pleural mesothelioma, metastatic lung carcinoma, etc.) from benign fibrothorax (benign asbestos pleural disease, tuberculous pleuritis, etc.). Novel biopsy techniques are required in flex-rigid pleuroscopy to improve the sample size and quality...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060282/isolation-of-giant-lampbrush-chromosomes-from-living-oocytes-of-frogs-and-salamanders
#8
Joseph G Gall, Zehra F Nizami
We describe methods for studying the giant transcriptionally active lampbrush chromosomes (LBCs) found in the oocyte, or unlaid egg, of frogs and salamanders. Individual LBCs can be up to 1 mm in length and they reside in a gigantic nucleus, itself up to 0.5 mm in diameter. The large size of the chromosomes permits unparalleled observations of active genes by light optical microscopy, but at the same time special techniques are required for isolating the nucleus, removing the nuclear envelope, and spreading the chromosomes on a microscope slide...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058170/tick-infestation-of-eyelid-two-case-reports
#9
Aslıhan Uzun, Mustafa Gök, Murat Doğan İşcanlı
Tick infestation of the eyelid is a rare but serious condition that can lead to Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. In this report, we describe two cases who presented with tick infestation of the eyelid. Neither patient developed systemic disease or adverse sequelae after tick extraction. Complete mechanical removal of ticks located on the eyelid with blunt forceps is a safe and effective treatment method.
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052420/a-novel-approach-to-brachycephalic-syndrome-3-isolated-laser-assisted-turbinectomy-of-caudal-aberrant-turbinates-cat-late
#10
Riccarda Schuenemann, Sabine Pohl, Gerhard U Oechtering
OBJECTIVE: To describe isolated laser-assisted turbinectomy of caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT LATE) as a new minimally invasive surgical procedure for the treatment of brachycephalic dogs with obstructing caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Brachycephalic dogs (24 Pugs, 1 English Bulldog) with CAT but adequate air spaces between the lamellae of the nonobstructing ventral nasal concha. METHODS: A rhinoscopically guided diode laser fiber introduced from anterior was used to dissect CAT within the nasopharyngeal meatus, while leaving the intranasal turbinates intact...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050996/single-use-versus-reuse-of-endoscopy-biopsy-forceps-a-survey-of-patient-preference
#11
Sandeep Davavala, Philip Abraham, Devendra Desai, Anand Joshi, Tarun Gupta, Hrishikesh Samant
BACKGROUND: Although there are no confirmatory data on this, we suspect that most endoscopy centres in India reuse single-use ('disposable') endoscopic biopsy forceps due to the cost of these forceps and the perceived low risk of infection transmission on reuse. Low-cost single-use biopsy forceps are now available in India, bringing into question the justification for such a practice. We aimed to determine the type of forceps (single-use or reused) patients would prefer during endoscopy for themselves, whether this is dependent on cost, and what cost would be acceptable to them...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045238/secure-low-cost-technique-for-laparoscopic-hepatic-resection-using-the-crush-clamp-method-with-a-bipolar-sealer
#12
Takatsugu Yamamoto, Takahiro Uenishi, Kazuhisa Kaneda, Masato Okawa, Shogo Tanaka, Shoji Kubo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic hepatectomy is difficult because surgeons must perform the transection using many (four and more) energy devices and without direct manual maneuvers. Here we introduce hepatic transection by the classical method with a few (two or three) energy devices. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: We performed laparoscopic hepatectomy for 40 patients with hepatic tumor and liver dysfunction. For parenchymal transection, we used bipolar radiofrequency coagulation forceps connected to a voltage-controlled electrosurgical generator and ultrasonic dissector...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042433/endoscopic-retrieval-of-a-dental-implant-into-the-maxillary-sinus-a-case-report
#13
M Andreasi Bassi, C Andrisani, S Lico, Z Ormanier, C Arcuri
PURPOSE: In this article the Authors show a safe and predictable technique to remove displaced implants from the maxillary sinus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 49-year-old female was referred, to this centre by a general dentist, for the retrieval of the ectopic dental implant. After a preliminary clinical and radiological evaluation of the case the surgical procedure was performed. A loco-regional anesthesia was carried out and then the Maxillary Sinus Retrieval Device (MSRD), proposed in this study, was inserted in the canine fossa, via a circular antrostomy 5,5mm wide, previous execution of a mucoperiosteal flap...
April 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040134/site-and-incidence-of-birth-canal-lacerations-from-instrumental-delivery-with-mediolateral-episiotomy
#14
Kenro Chikazawa, Junko Ushijima, Kenjiro Takagi, Eishin Nakamura, Koki Samejima, Kanako Kadowaki, Isao Horiuchi
OBJECTIVE: Instrument-assisted vaginal delivery is a significant risk factor for birth canal lacerations. Although many obstetricians recently are recommending restrictive rather than a routine episiotomy, reports have shown restrictive episiotomy to be associated with more extensive anterior birth canal trauma compared with routine episiotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 110 cases of forceps and vacuum deliveries and investigated the site of birth canal lacerations...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039550/application-of-a-three-dimensional-graft-of-autologous-osteodifferentiated-adipose-stem-cells-in-patients-undergoing-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-clinical-proof-of-concept
#15
E Fomekong, D Dufrane, B Vande Berg, W André, N Aouassar, S Veriter, C Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND: The authors applied a scaffold-free osteogenic three-dimensional (3D) graft made of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) in patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF). METHODS: Three patients (two patients and one patient with 1 and 2 levels, respectively) with degenerative spondylolisthesis underwent MI-TLIF with 3D graft made of AMSCs. To obtain the AMSCs, fatty tissue was collected from the abdomen by lipoaspiration and differentiated afterwards in our Cell/Tissue bank...
December 30, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035441/continuous-recording-of-intrarectal-pressures-during-the-second-phase-of-labour-correlations-with-postpartum-pelvic-floor-complaints-a-biomechanical-clinical-study
#16
Sylvain Meyer, François Salchli, Patrick Hohlfeld, David Baud, Yvan Vial, Chahin Achtari
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We correlated intrarectal pressure parameter recordings during the second phase of labour in primiparous women with postpartum pelvic floor (PF) complaints to try to define a critical pressure threshold for the occurrence of permanent PF injury. METHODS: Using a microsystem device, the duration of bearing-down efforts, the area under the pressure curve and the peak pressure during bearing-down efforts were continuously recorded in 43 women with spontaneous delivery (group one) and in 17 women with forceps-assisted delivery (group two)...
December 29, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032162/a-practical-technique-for-reduction-of-the-bony-nasal-dorsum-height-using-kazanjian-bone-cutting-forceps
#17
Yalcin Yontar, Sedat Tatar
BACKGROUND: Resection of the nasal hump is one of the most critical steps of the rhinoplasty procedure, which is quite prone to complications when performed improperly or inappropriately. In this article, a practical, facile and minimally traumatic hump resection technique using Kazanjian bone-cutting forceps is presented with excellent cosmetic and functional results. METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive primary (septo-)rhinoplasty patients with wide nasal bases, and various sizes of nasal humps, were enrolled in the study...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018784/efficient-method-for-transfer-of-microinjected-eggs-to-mouse-ampulla-for-generating-transgenic-mice
#18
Guang Wen, Jing Di, Qian Li, Jianling Chen, Ling Jin, Cheng Wang, Sanqing Xu
BACKGROUND: The new method described here is highly efficient in transferring microinjected mouse eggs (MEs) through the bursa membrane of a surrogate mother mouse to the ampulla of the oviduct without damaging the blood vessels on the bursa membrane. RESULTS: This method causes no loss of blood, and it produces newborn pups/founders from approximately 70% of the transferred MEs, because only a small hole is made on the blood vessel-free area of the bursa membrane and ampulla of the surrogate mother mouse...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012285/randomized-clinical-trial-of-biclamp-%C3%A2-forceps-versus-clamp-crushing-technique-in-open-liver-resection
#19
Jiang Ming Chen, Wei Geng, Song Zhang, Fu Bao Liu, Hong Chuan Zhao, Yi Jun Zhao, Guo Bin Wang, Sheng Xue Xie, Xiao Ping Geng
PURPOSE: The aim of this trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of BiClamp(®) forceps with the "gold-standard" clamp-crushing technique for open liver resection. METHODS: From October 2014 to May 2016, 86 consecutive patients scheduled to undergo hepatic resection were randomized to a BiClamp(®) forceps group (n=43) or to a clamp-crushing technique group (n=43). RESULTS: Background characteristics of the two groups were closely matched...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012031/first-200-consecutive-transumbilical-single-incision-laparoscopic-teps
#20
G Dapri, L Gerard, M Paesmans, G-B Cadière, S Saussez
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic pre-peritoneal mesh repair (TEP) through single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) permits placement of a large mesh through a final millimetric umbilical scar. This prospective study evaluates the first 200 consecutive SILTEPs performed by a single surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 2011 and September 2015, 200 consecutive SILTEPs were performed in 161 patients. The mean age was 49.8 ± 16.3 years and the mean BMI was 24.5 ± 3...
December 23, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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