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Aspergers Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822381/clinical-pearls-how-my-patients-taught-me-the-fainting-lark-symptom
#1
A Kuiper, M E van Egmond, M P M Harms, M D Oosterhoff, B van Harten, D A Sival, T J de Koning, M A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: Compulsive movements, complex tics and stereotypies are frequent, especially among patients with autism or psychomotor retardation. These movements can be difficult to characterize and can mimic other conditions like epileptic seizures or paroxysmal dystonia, particularly when abnormal breathing and cerebral hypoxia are induced. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an 18-year-old patient with Asperger syndrome who presented with attacks of tonic posturing of the trunk and neck...
2016: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812341/from-high-intellectual-potential-to-asperger-syndrome-evidence-for-differences-and-a-fundamental-overlap-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Aurélie Boschi, Pascale Planche, Cherhazad Hemimou, Caroline Demily, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
Background: An increasing number of clinicians point to similar clinical features between some children with High Intellectual Potential (HIP or "Giftedness" = Total IQ > 2 SD), and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) without intellectual or language delay, formerly diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome. Some of these common features are social interaction impairments, special interests, and in some cases high-verbal abilities. The aim of this article is to determine whether these similarities exist at more fundamental levels, other than clinical, and to explore the literature in order to provide empirical support for an overlap between ASD and HIP...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730473/cytokine-profile-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children
#3
Vesna Bryn, Hans Christian Dalsbotten Aass, Ola H Skjeldal, Jørn Isaksen, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Heidi Ormstad
The pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is not completely understood, but there is evidence of associations with altered immune responses. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of various cytokines in children with ASD and in healthy controls, in order to determine their role in ASD and its diagnostic subgroups. Sixty-five ASD patients were enrolled from an epidemiological survey in Norway, of which 30 were diagnosed with childhood autism, 16 with Asperger syndrome, 12 with atypical autism, 1 with Rett syndrome, and 6 with another ASD diagnosis...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703778/asperger-syndrome-in-childhood-personality-dimensions-in-adult-life-temperament-character-and-outcome-trajectories
#4
Adam Helles, Märta Wallinius, I Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character have been shown to be important factors in understanding psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorder. Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have repeatedly been shown to have a distinct temperament and character, but this has not been evaluated in relation to psychiatric comorbidity and ASD diagnostic stability. AIMS: To examine temperament and character in males that were diagnosed with ASD in childhood and followed prospectively over almost two decades...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703772/the-people-with-asperger-syndrome-and-anxiety-disorders-passa-trial-a-pilot-multicentre-single-blind-randomised-trial-of-group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#5
Peter E Langdon, Glynis H Murphy, Lee Shepstone, Edward C F Wilson, David Fowler, David Heavens, Aida Malovic, Alexandra Russell, Alice Rose, Louise Mullineaux
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in using cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) with people who have Asperger syndrome and comorbid mental health problems. AIMS: To examine whether modified group CBT for clinically significant anxiety in an Asperger syndrome population is feasible and likely to be efficacious. METHOD: Using a randomised assessor-blind trial, 52 individuals with Asperger syndrome were randomised into a treatment arm or a waiting-list control arm...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563293/autism-and-classical-eyeblink-conditioning-performance-changes-of-the-conditioned-response-related-to-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnosis
#6
John P Welsh, Jeffrey T Oristaglio
Changes in the timing performance of conditioned responses (CRs) acquired during trace and delay eyeblink conditioning (EBC) are presented for diagnostic subgroups of children having autism spectrum disorder (ASD) aged 6-15 years. Children diagnosed with autistic disorder (AD) were analyzed separately from children diagnosed with either Asperger's syndrome or Pervasive developmental disorder (Asp/PDD) not otherwise specified and compared to an age- and IQ-matched group of children who were typically developing (TD)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556112/impaired-social-cognition-processes-in-asperger-syndrome-and-anorexia-nervosa-in-search-for-endophenotypes-of-social-cognition
#7
REVIEW
Beata Joanna Kasperek-Zimowska, Janusz Grzegorz Zimowski, Katarzyna Biernacka, Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura, Filip Rybakowski
A growing number of publications indicates presence of significant deficits in social cognition in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). These deficits appear to be comparable in qualitative and quantitative dimension with impairment of the same functions among people with Asperger syndrome (AS). The aim of this study is to identify subject areas in the field of impairment of social cognition processes among people with Asperger syndrome and anorexia nervosa taking into consideration the potential contribution of genetic pathways of oxytocin and vasopressin in the pathogenesis of these diseases...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500602/conscious-and-non-conscious-representations-of-emotional-faces-in-asperger-s-syndrome
#8
Vincent S C Chien, Arthur C Tsai, Han Hsuan Yang, Yi-Li Tseng, Alexander N Savostyanov, Michelle Liou
Several neuroimaging studies have suggested that the low spatial frequency content in an emotional face mainly activates the amygdala, pulvinar, and superior colliculus especially with fearful faces(1-3). These regions constitute the limbic structure in non-conscious perception of emotions and modulate cortical activity either directly or indirectly(2). In contrast, the conscious representation of emotions is more pronounced in the anterior cingulate, prefrontal cortex, and somatosensory cortex for directing voluntary attention to details in faces(3,4)...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399225/segmental-hair-testing-to-disclose-chronic-exposure-to-psychoactive-drugs
#9
Emilia Marchei, Ilaria Palmi, Simona Pichini, Roberta Pacifici, Ileana-Rita Anton Airaldi, Juan Antonio Costa Orvay, Joan García Serra, Bartolomé Bonet Serra, Óscar García-Algar
This study presents the case of a 4-year-old healthy child admitted to the paediatric ward for suspected accidental intoxication due to ingestion of narcoleptic drugs (methylphenidate, sertraline and quetiapine), taken on a regular basis by his 8-year-old brother affected by Asperger syndrome.Intoxication can be objectively assessed by measurements of drugs and metabolites in biological matrices with short-term (blood and urine) or long-term (hair) detection windows. At the hospital, the child's blood and urine were analysed by immunoassay (confirmed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry), and sertraline and quetiapine and their metabolites were identified...
2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374252/the-capacity-to-tell-a-joke-reflections-from-work-with-asperger-s-children
#10
Lawrence J Brown
The capacity to tell a joke is a highly complex interpersonal event that depends upon the maturation of certain developmental achievements which are absent or stunted in children with Asperger's Syndrome. These include the ability to know another's mind, a sense of interpersonal timing and, most notably, a capacity for abstract thinking. The author discusses Freud's () notion of joke-work, which is akin to dream-work, both of which are pathways to forming mental representations. Freud considered joke-work as a mental activity that operated on the verbal level and the author examines the preverbal dimensions that are rooted in the earliest mother/infant interactions...
July 4, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319749/factors-related-to-care-burden-among-parents-of-adults-with-developmental-disabilities
#11
Hiroko Honda, Emiko Saito
Purpose To clarify the care burden and associated factors among parents of adults with developmental disabilities in order to obtain suggestions for the family supports.Methods Subjects included 125 parents of adults (aged 18 or older) with developmental disabilities. All parents belonged to and/or contacted parents' associations, mental health welfare centers, and support centers for persons with developmental disabilities in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Participants completed self-report questionnaire surveys from October to November 2011...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242478/reduced-volume-of-the-arcuate-fasciculus-in-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-conditions
#12
Rachel L Moseley, Marta M Correia, Simon Baron-Cohen, Yury Shtyrov, Friedemann Pulvermüller, Bettina Mohr
Atypical language is a fundamental feature of autism spectrum conditions (ASC), but few studies have examined the structural integrity of the arcuate fasciculus, the major white matter tract connecting frontal and temporal language regions, which is usually implicated as the main transfer route used in processing linguistic information by the brain. Abnormalities in the arcuate have been reported in young children with ASC, mostly in low-functioning or non-verbal individuals, but little is known regarding the structural properties of the arcuate in adults with ASC or, in particular, in individuals with ASC who have intact language, such as those with high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233289/asperger-syndrome-in-males-over-two-decades-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-diagnostic-stability-and-psychiatric-comorbidity
#13
Adam Helles, I Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
This study examined objective quality of life (work, academic success, living situation, relationships, support system) and subjective quality of life (Sense of Coherence and Short-Form Health Survey-36) in an adult sample of males (n = 50, mean age: 30 years) with Asperger syndrome diagnosed in childhood and followed prospectively over two decades. The association between long-term diagnostic stability of an autism spectrum disorder and/or comorbid psychiatric disorders with quality of life was also examined...
May 26, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198123/programming-social-behavior-by-the-maternal-fragile-x-protein
#14
B Zupan, A Sharma, A Frazier, S Klein, M Toth
The developing fetus and neonate are highly sensitive to maternal environment. Besides the well-documented effects of maternal stress, nutrition and infections, maternal mutations, by altering the fetal, perinatal and/or early postnatal environment, can impact the behavior of genetically normal offspring. Mutation/premutation in the X-linked FMR1 (encoding the translational regulator FMRP) in females, although primarily responsible for causing fragile X syndrome (FXS) in their children, may also elicit such maternal effects...
July 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196958/romantic-relationships-and-relationship-satisfaction-among-adults-with-asperger-syndrome-and-high-functioning-autism
#15
Sandra Strunz, Constanze Schermuck, Sarah Ballerstein, Christoph J Ahlers, Isabel Dziobek, Stefan Roepke
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience difficulties in maintaining romantic relationships. In this study high-functioning adults with ASD were examined concerning their romantic relationship interest and experience. METHOD: Participants, 31 recruited via an outpatient clinic and 198 via an online survey, were asked to answer a number of self-report questionnaires. The total sample comprised 229 high-functioning adults with ASD (40% males, average age: 35 years)...
May 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145529/risk-of-psychiatric-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-among-siblings-of-probands-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Dan Sucksdorff, Auli Suominen, David Gyllenberg, Roshan Chudal, Susanna Leivonen, Mika Gissler, Alan S Brown, Andre Sourander
IMPORTANCE: Previous research has focused on examining the familial clustering of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Little is known about the clustering of other psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders among siblings of persons with ASD. OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders among full siblings of probands with ASD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Finnish Prenatal Study of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders used a population-based cohort that included children born from January 1, 1987, to December 31, 2005, who received a diagnosis of ASD by December 31, 2007...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135382/does-information-about-neuropsychiatric-diagnoses-influence-evaluation-of-child-sexual-abuse-allegations
#17
Katrin Lainpelto, Johan Isaksson, Frank Lindblad
This study aimed at investigating if attitudes toward children with neuropsychiatric disorders influence evaluations concerning allegations of child sexual abuse. Law students (n = 107) at Stockholm University, Sweden, were presented a transcript of a mock police interview with a girl, 11 years of age. This interview was based on a real case, selected as a "typical" example from these years concerning contributions from the interviewer and the alleged victim. After having read the transcript, the students responded to a questionnaire concerning degree of credibility, if the girl talked about events that had really occurred, richness of details, and if the narrations were considered truthful and age-adequate...
April 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27115239/development-of-a-pitch-discrimination-screening-test-for-preschool-children
#18
Maria Kulick Abramson, Peter J Lloyd
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for tests of auditory discrimination for young children as this skill plays a fundamental role in the development of speaking, prereading, reading, language, and more complex auditory processes. Frequency discrimination is important with regard to basic sensory processing affecting phonological processing, dyslexia, measurements of intelligence, auditory memory, Asperger syndrome, and specific language impairment. PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the clinical feasibility of the Pitch Discrimination Test (PDT) to screen the preschool child's ability to discriminate some of the acoustic demands of speech perception, primarily pitch discrimination, without linguistic content...
April 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104829/crohn-s-disease-and-asperger-syndrome-not-just-a-coincidence
#19
Maria Fragaki, Konstantinos Karmiris, Gregorios A Paspatis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071791/effects-of-yokukansan-a-japanese-kampo-medicine-for-symptoms-associated-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Rei Wake, Tsuyoshi Miyaoka, Motohide Furuya, Sadayuki Hashioka, Jun Horiguchi
A neuropsychiatric syndrome, Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is qualified via impairments in qualitative communication, social interaction, and stereotyped or restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. While all ASDs are considered to have qualitative deficits in social relatedness to others, many people with ASDs have other symptoms, including irritability (which includes aggression, self-injurious behavior, and severe tantrums). In order to decrease these behaviors, it is often helpful to make use of behavioral therapy...
2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
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