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Ultrasound guided block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457395/-effects-of-patient-controlled-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-for-postoperative-pain-and-surgical-efficacy-in-patients-with-terrible-tyriad-of-the-elbow
#1
Wang Xiu-Zhen, Ye-Ying Ge, Guang-Yao Ye, Jing-Wei Zhang, Wei-Hu Ma
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of ultrasound guided inter-scalene brachial plexus block and patient-controlled infraclavicular brachial plexus block for postoperative pain and surgical efficacy in patients with terrible tyriad of the elbow. METHODS: From March 2015 to August 2016, 60 patients with terrible tyriad of the elbows were treated in Ningbo No.6 Hospital with ASA I to II internal fixation. There were 32 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 70 years old, with a mean age of (55...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457120/spread-of-injectate-in-ultrasound-guided-serratus-plane-block-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Tatsuya Kunigo, Takeshi Murouchi, Shuji Yamamoto, Michiaki Yamakage
Background: Serratus plane block is a thoracic truncal block that has been proposed as alternatives for analgesia such as epidural anesthesia and paravertebral block for the anterolateral chest wall. Previously, we performed the clinical study about optimal volume of the local anesthetic in serratus plane block. The primary aim of this study was to assess the pattern of distribution of dye into the serratus plane of cadavers after ultrasound-guided serratus plane injection. Findings: Ultrasound-guided serratus plane injection was performed at the level of the fourth rib on the mid-axillary line in nine adult Thiel-embalmed cadavers...
2018: JA Clin Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456706/comparison-of-single-and-triple-injection-methods-for-ultrasound-guided-interscalene-brachial-plexus-blockade
#3
Cun-Jin Wang, Ya-Li Ge, Ju Gao, Feng-Yun Long, Zhi-Hua Mi, Tian-Feng Huang, Xiang-Zhi Fang, Xiao-Ping Chen, Yu-Si Hua, Yang Zhang
Ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus blockade (IBPB) has a relatively high success rate in shoulder surgery; however, whether multiple injections are superior to a single injection (SI) is currently unknown. In the present study, ultrasound-guided SI and triple-injection (TI) IBPBs were compared in a prospective randomized trial. A total of 111 patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery and presenting with an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status grading of I-II were randomly allocated to receive IBPB with 15 ml of 1% ropivacaine as a SI or TI...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454333/comparative-study-of-ultrasound-guided-paravertebral-block-versus-intravenous-tramadol-for-postoperative-pain-control-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#4
Zehra Hatipoglu, Ersel Gulec, Mediha Turktan, Volkan Izol, Atilla Arıdogan, Yasemin Gunes, Dilek Ozcengiz
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for renal calculi, and nephrostomy tubes lead to postoperative pain after PCNL. Regional techniques (e.g., epidural analgesia and peripheral blocks) and opioids are applied for postoperative pain treatment. The aim of this study was to compare effectiveness of ultrasound-guided paravertebral block (PVB) and tramadol on postoperative pain in patients who underwent PCNL. METHOD: Fifty-three patients were included in this prospective randomized study...
February 17, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445501/saphenous-nerve-block-as-a-diagnosis-tool-for-chronic-postsurgical-pain-of-the-left-medial-calf
#5
Dan Sebastian Dîrzu, Theodor Boţ, Constantin Ciuce
Ultrasound-guided saphenous nerve block above the knee may be a valuable diagnosis tool in patient presenting chronic pain of the calf.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445296/the-ultrasound-guided-retrolaminar-block-volume-dependent-injectate-distribution
#6
Marija Damjanovska, Tatjana Stopar Pintaric, Erika Cvetko, Kamen Vlassakov
Purpose: The ultrasound-guided retrolaminar block is one of the newer and simpler alternatives to the traditional, often technically challenging, paravertebral (PV) block. Its feasibility, safety, and efficacy have already been clinically demonstrated in patients with multiple rib fractures using higher volumes of local anesthetic, when compared with the traditional approach. The primary aim of this observational anatomical study was to assess the spread of local anesthetic from the retrolaminar injection point to the PV space and its volume dependence...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440818/ultrasound-guided-real-time-pterygopalatine-block-for-analgesia-in-an-oral-cancer-patient
#7
Nishkarsh Gupta, Rohini Dattatri, Sachidanand Jee Bharati, Sushma Bhatnagar
Oral cancers are one of the most common cancers in India. These patients have pain during the course of the disease. Various drugs including opioid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug have been used to manage pain. However, these are associated with side effects such as constipation and vomiting. An early interventional block may decrease the requirement for analgesics and improve the overall quality of life. We describe a case of oral carcinoma successfully managed with ultrasound-guided pterygopalatine block...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433996/gelatin-thoracic-paravertebral-teaching-model-for-placement-of-a-continuous-infusion-catheter-in-the-extrathoracic-paravertebral-space
#8
Shruti Sevak, Ashley Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop an ultrasound-guided training curriculum for continuous infusion catheter placement in the paravertebral space and to create a gelatin thoracic spine-rib model for use in this training. We sought to create a model that was inexpensive and reusable such that multiple participants could use one model during training. DESIGN: The model was prepared by embedding a firm foam thoracic spine replica with bilateral attached ribs into an opaque gelatin mixture...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428372/comparative-study-on-the-analgesic-effect-of-acute-ipsilateral-shoulder-pain-after-open-thoracotomy-between-preoperative-ultrasound-guided-suprascapular-nerve-block-snb-and-intraoperative-phrenic-nerve-infiltration-pni-in-cancer-lung-patients
#9
Bassel M Elfokery, Sahar A Tawfic, Abdelrahman M Abdelrahman, Dina N Abbas, Ikramy M Abdelghaffar
INTRODUCTION: Acute ipsilateral shoulder pain (ISP) is a common complaint in patients after thoracotomy. The incidence ranges from 21% to 97%. Unfortunately, clinical studies did not put enough focus on ISP post thoracic surgery. AIM OF THE WORK: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of suprascapular nerve block (SNB) and phrenic nerve infiltration (PNI) for controlling ISP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five lung cancer patients (135) scheduled for open-lung surgery were randomly allocated into three equal groups; control group: received thoracic epidural with general anesthesia, suprascapular group: (SNB) one hour before the operation with 10 ml bupivacaine plus thoracic epidural with general anesthesia and phrenic nerve group: (PNI) was performed by the operating surgeon with 10 ml bupivacaine plus thoracic epidural with general anesthesia...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426287/preoperative-versus-postoperative-ultrasound-guided-rectus-sheath-block-for-improving-pain-sleep-quality-and-cytokine-levels-in-patients-with-open-midline-incisions-undergoing-transabdominal-gynecological-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Feng Jin, Zhe Li, Wen-Fei Tan, Hong Ma, Xiao-Qian Li, Huang-Wei Lu
BACKGROUND: Nerve block is usually performed before surgery because it inhibits reflection of the skin incision and reduces the amount of intraoperative anesthetic used. We hypothesized that performing rectus sheath block (RSB) after surgery would result in a longer duration of the analgesic effects and have a subtle influence on sleep time after surgery but that it would not decrease the perioperative cytokine levels of patients undergoing gynecological surgery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial was conducted from October 2015 to June 2016...
February 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423579/ultrasound-guided-bilateral-rectus-sheath-block-reduces-early-postoperative-pain-after-laparoscopic-gynecologic-surgery-a-randomized-study
#11
Sooyoung Cho, Youn Jin Kim, Kyungah Jeong, Hye-Sung Moon
PURPOSE: Rectus sheath block (RSB) is an anterior abdominal wall block that reduces postoperative pain associated with midline incisions. This study aims to investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided bilateral RSB (US-BRSB) on postoperative pain and analgesic consumption in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent laparoscopic gynecologic surgery were allocated to RSB (n = 30) or control (n = 30) group. A bilateral US-BRSB procedure (30 ml of 0...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416862/tramadol-sparing-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-with-lignocaine-in-preoperative-stellate-ganglion-block-for-postoperative-pain-relief-following-upper-limb-surgeries
#12
Deepak Thapa, Deepanshu Dhiman, Vanita Ahuja, Satinder Gombar, Ravi K Gupta
Background: Recent literature has established the role of stellate ganglion block (SGB) for management of acute postoperative pain. The effects of dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to lignocaine in a preoperative SGB for postoperative pain relief have not been evaluated so far. Methods: The following randomised, double-blinded, control trail included 54 patients scheduled for upper limb orthopaedic surgery under general anaesthesia. Preoperative ultrasound-guided (USG) SGB was performed in all patients...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416483/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-block-in-a-patient-with-halo-brace
#13
Jai Singh, Versha Verma, Aman Thakur, Priyanka Sood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416452/comparative-study-of-anatomical-landmark-guided-versus-ultrasound-guided-suprascapular-nerve-block-in-chronic-shoulder-pain
#14
Kirti Kamal, Naresh Dahiya, Roop Singh, Savita Saini, Susheela Taxak, Saloni Kapoor
Background: Suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) is an effective method for the treatment of shoulder disorders. The present study was conducted to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of SSNB under ultrasonographic guidance with anatomical landmark-guided (LMG) technique in the treatment of chronic shoulder pain. Materials and Methods: A total of fifty patients with shoulder pain were enrolled in the present prospective randomized study. Patients in Group I (n = 25) received SSNB using the anatomical LMG as technique described by Dangoisse, in whom a total of 6 ml of drug (5 ml of 0...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416451/which-is-better-for-pain-reduction-during-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-of-the-prostate-intravenous-diazepam-local-periprostatic-nerve-block-or-combination-controlled-randomized-study
#15
Haisam Atta, Mohamed F Mostafa, Mahmoud Shalaby
Background: Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSPB) is considered the procedure of choice for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Men undergoing this biopsy experience high psychological stress. Different studies recommend techniques as sedation, lidocaine gel intrarectally, periprostatic nerve block alone, or nitrous oxide inhalation as effective methods of analgesia during procedural-related pain or discomfort. We evaluated three techniques for pain relief during TRUSPB and evaluated if there was any increase in the incidence of complications when employing either technique...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416236/dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjunctive-analgesic-to-ropivacaine-in-pectoral-nerve-block-in-oncological-breast-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-prospective-study
#16
Haramritpal Kaur, Poonam Arora, Gurpreet Singh, Amandeep Singh, Shobha Aggarwal, Mukesh Kumar
Background and Aims: Pectoral nerve block (Pecs) using local anesthetic (LA) agent is a newer analgesic technique for breast surgeries. This study further evaluates the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to LA agent on total duration of analgesia and postoperative morphine consumption. Material and Methods: A total of 60 American Society of Anesthesiologist Grade I and II female patients with age ≥18 years, scheduled for oncological breast surgery, were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416151/pre-procedure-ultrasound-guided-paramedian-spinal-anaesthesia-at-l5-s1-is-this-better-than-landmark-guided-midline-approach-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Karthikeyan Kallidaikurichi Srinivasan, Anne-Marie Leo, Gabriella Iohom, Frank Loughnane, Peter J Lee
Background and Aims: Routine use of pre-procedural ultrasound guided midline approach has not shown to improve success rate in administering subarachnoid block. The study hypothesis was that the routine use of pre-procedural (not real time) ultrasound-guided paramedian spinals at L5-S1 interspace could reduce the number of passes (i.e., withdrawal and redirection of spinal needle without exiting the skin) required to enter the subarachnoid space when compared to the conventional landmark-guided midline approach...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415860/development-of-an-ultrasound-guided-technique-for-retrobulbar-nerve-block-in-dromedary-camels-a-cadaveric-study
#18
Adel M Badawy, Eman A Eshra
OBJECTIVE: Description of an ultrasound (US)-guided technique for retrobulbar nerve blockade in dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental cadaveric study that was carried out in three phases: phase I: anatomical dissection and development of US-guided technique; phase II: methylene blue (MB) injection; phase III: contrast medium (CM), US-guided injections with computed tomography (CT) control. ANIMALS: A total of 36 orbits from 18 heads were obtained from 18 dromedary cadavers...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415656/comparison-of-lumbar-plexus-block-using-the-short%C3%A2-axis-in-plane-method-at-the-plane-of-the-transverse-process-and-at-the-articular-process-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rui Lu, Chengcheng Shen, Chunyong Yang, Yan Chen, Juanjuan Li, Kaizhi Lu
BACKGROUND: Although the safety and effectiveness of the short-axis in-plane method has been confirmed for lumbar plexus block, the operation is difficult and has a high rate of epidural spread at the plane of the articular process. Therefore, we developed a new in-plane technique, called the beach chair method, which displays images from the transverse process. We compared the operative difficulty and incidence of epidural spread of the beach chair method with those of the control method (at the plane of the articular process) in this randomized controlled clinical trial...
February 7, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415312/novel-demonstration-of-the-anterior-femoral-cutaneous-nerves-using-ultrasound
#20
Christopher Pivec, Gerd Bodner, Johannes A Mayer, Peter C Brugger, Istvan Paraszti, Veith Moser, Hannes Traxler, Georg Riegler
PURPOSE: Neuropathy of the intermediate (IFCN) and medial femoral cutaneous nerve (MFCN) is a potential iatrogenic complication of thigh surgery and its diagnosis is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of the visualization and diagnostic assessment of the IFCN and MFCN with high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, HRUS with high-frequency probes (15 - 22MHz) was used to locate the IFCN and the MFCN in 16 fresh cadaveric lower limbs...
February 7, 2018: Ultraschall in der Medizin
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