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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920469/role-of-ultrasound-in-colorectal-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Renáta Bor, Anna Fábián, Zoltán Szepes
Ultrasound is an undervalued non-invasive examination in the diagnosis of colonic diseases. It has been replaced by the considerably more expensive magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, despite the fact that, as first examination, it can usefully supplement the diagnostic process. Transabdominal ultrasound can provide quick information about bowel status and help in the choice of adequate further examinations and treatment. Ultrasonography, as a screening imaging modality in asymptomatic patients can identify several colonic diseases such as diverticulosis, inflammatory bowel disease or cancer...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878855/the-personal-cancer-screening-behaviours-of-nurses-and-midwives
#2
Rachel Nicholls, Lin Perry, Robyn Gallagher, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Xiaoyue Xu
AIM: To identify the personal cancer screening behaviours of nurses and midwives in New South Wales, Australia, and identify factors predictive of cancer screening uptake. BACKGROUND: The nursing workforce may have a higher risk for some cancers and is ageing. In Australia, more than 40 percent are over 50 years - an age where cancer incidence rises rapidly, but when screening may reduce cancer mortality. Nurses and midwives are important health role models for the population, but their engagement in cancer screening is unknown...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875518/a-national-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effect-of-enhanced-reminders-on-the-socioeconomic-gradient-in-uptake-in-bowel-cancer-screening
#3
Rosalind Raine, Sue M Moss, Christian von Wagner, Wendy Atkin, Ines Kralj Hans, Rosemary Howe, Francesca Solmi, Stephen Morris, Nicholas Counsell, Allan Hackshaw, Stephen Halloran, Graham Handley, Richard F Logan, Sandra Rainbow, Steve Smith, Julia Snowball, Helen Seaman, Mary Thomas, Samuel G Smith, Lesley M McGregor, Gemma Vart, Jane Wardle, Stephen W Duffy
BACKGROUND: The NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in England offers biennial guaiac faecal occult blood testing (gFOBt). There is a socioeconomic gradient in participation and socioeconomically disadvantaged groups have worse colorectal cancer survival than more advantaged groups. We compared the effectiveness and cost of an enhanced reminder letter with the usual reminder letter on overall uptake of gFOBt and the socioeconomic gradient in uptake. METHODS: We enhanced the usual reminder by including a heading 'A reminder to you' and a short paragraph restating the offer of screening in simple language...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867950/review-capsule-colonoscopy-a-concise-clinical-overview-of-current-status
#4
REVIEW
Diana E Yung, Emanuele Rondonotti, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
The colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) was first introduced in 2007. Currently, the main clinical indications for CCE are completion of incomplete colonoscopy, polyp detection and investigation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although conventional colonoscopy is the gold standard in bowel cancer screening, incomplete colonoscopy remains a problem as lesions are missed. CCE compares favourably to computer tomography colonography (CTC) in adenoma detection and has therefore been proposed as a method for completing colonoscopy...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836872/concerns-perceived-need-and-competing-priorities-a-qualitative-exploration-of-decision-making-and-non-participation-in-a-population-based-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-screening-programme-to-prevent-colorectal-cancer
#5
N Hall, L Birt, C J Rees, F M Walter, S Elliot, M Ritchie, D Weller, G Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Optimising uptake of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is important to achieve projected health outcomes. Population-based screening by flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) was introduced in England in 2013 (NHS Bowel scope screening). Little is known about reactions to the invitation to participate in FS screening, as offered within the context of the Bowel scope programme. We aimed to investigate responses to the screening invitation to inform understanding of decision-making, particularly in relation to non-participation in screening...
November 11, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821670/identification-of-patients-with-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-in-primary-care-a-case-control-study
#6
Marcela Ewing, Peter Naredi, Chenyang Zhang, Jörgen Månsson
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide and second most common in Europe. Despite screening, it is often diagnosed at an unfavourable stage. AIM: To identify and quantify features of non-metastatic colorectal cancer in primary care to enable earlier diagnosis by GPs. DESIGN AND SETTING: A case-control study was conducted using diagnostic codes from national and regional healthcare databases in Sweden. METHOD: A total of 542 patients diagnosed with non-metastatic colorectal cancer in 2011 and 2139 matched controls were selected from the Swedish Cancer Register (SCR) and a regional healthcare database respectively...
November 7, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816703/public-appreciation-of-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-colorectal-cancer-and-awareness-of-bowel-cancer-screening-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Kathryn Lynes, Sahar A Kazmi, Jordan D Robery, Simon Wong, Deborah Gilbert, Mohamed A Thaha
INTRODUCTION: Prevention of colorectal cancer (CRC) via reduction of lifestyle risk factors, and participation in bowel screening are two ways in which public engagement could lower mortality from colorectal cancer. This study examined public awareness of lifestyle risk factors and bowel screening, with determination of the factors affecting this. METHODS: A representative population sample (n = 1969) was surveyed using a study specific postal questionnaire to determine demographics, experience of bowel problems, awareness of lifestyle risk factors, knowledge about the incidence of CRC and potential benefits of screening, as well as personal experience of screening...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808632/talking-and-learning-about-bowel-cancer
#8
(no author information available yet)
Uptake of bowel cancer screening for people with learning disabilities is low, so could collaborating with these individuals improve uptake?
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799508/refining-the-patient-navigation-role-in-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-program-results-from-an-intervention-study
#9
Elizabeth A Rohan, Beth Slotman, Amy DeGroff, Kerry Grace Morrissey, Jennifer Murillo, Paul Schroy
BACKGROUND: Oncology patient navigators help individuals overcome barriers to increase access to cancer screening, diagnosis, and timely treatment. This study, part of a randomized intervention trial investigating the efficacy of patient navigation in increasing colonoscopy completion, examined navigators' activities to ameliorate barriers to colonoscopy screening in a medically disadvantaged population. METHODS: This study was conducted from 2012 through 2014 at Boston Medical Center...
November 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789658/an-evidence-based-treatment-algorithm-for-colorectal-polyp-cancers-results-from-the-scottish-screen-detected-polyp-cancer-study-sspocs
#10
C H Richards, N T Ventham, D Mansouri, M Wilson, G Ramsay, C D Mackay, C N Parnaby, D Smith, J On, D Speake, G McFarlane, Y N Neo, E Aitken, C Forrest, K Knight, A McKay, H Nair, C Mulholland, J H Robertson, F A Carey, Rjc Steele
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal polyp cancers present clinicians with a treatment dilemma. Decisions regarding whether to offer segmental resection or endoscopic surveillance are often taken without reference to good quality evidence. The aim of this study was to develop a treatment algorithm for patients with screen-detected polyp cancers. DESIGN: This national cohort study included all patients with a polyp cancer identified through the Scottish Bowel Screening Programme between 2000 and 2012...
October 27, 2016: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754937/rapid-review-of-evaluation-of-interventions-to-improve-participation-in-cancer-screening-services
#11
Stephen W Duffy, Jonathan P Myles, Roberta Maroni, Abeera Mohammad
OBJECTIVE: Screening participation is spread differently across populations, according to factors such as ethnicity or socioeconomic status. We here review the current evidence on effects of interventions to improve cancer screening participation, focussing in particular on effects in underserved populations. METHODS: We selected studies to review based on their characteristics: focussing on population screening programmes, showing a quantitative estimate of the effect of the intervention, and published since 1990...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747276/extracolonic-findings-with-the-pillcam-colon-is-panendoscopy-with-capsule-endoscopy-closer
#12
Javier Romero-Vázquez, Ángel Caunedo-Álvarez, Alba Belda-Cuesta, Victoria Alejandra Jiménez-García, Francisco Pellicer-Bautista, Juan Manuel Herrerías-Gutiérrez
Background and study aims: Colon capsules display images from the moment they are ingested, making the study of other extracolonic areas possible. The aim of this study was to analyze the significance of these extracolonic findings. Patients and methods: In this single-center, prospective study, 165 patients underwent colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) between September 2009 and October 2012 to rule out colonic pathology. Images were recorded, without interruptions, from the moment the capsule was ingested until its battery ran out...
October 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732566/extralevator-abdominoperineal-excision-for-rectal-cancer-with-biological-mesh-for-pelvic-floor-reconstruction
#13
Wei Ge, Song-Song Jiang, Wang Qi, Hao Chen, Li-Ming Zheng, Gang Chen
GOAL: To share our experience of extra-levator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) for low rectal cancer, focusing on perineal repair with biological mesh. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of all patients with low rectal cancer who underwent the ELAPE procedure using biological mesh for perineal repair at the Gastrointestinal Surgery of Nanjing Drum Power Hospital between January 2013 and September 2015. All patients were closely followed up to now...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708517/differences-between-morning-and-afternoon-colonoscopies-for-adenoma-detection-in-female-and-male-patients
#14
Shailendra Singh, Manish Dhawan, Monica Chowdhry, Michael Babich, Elie Aoun
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopies performed in the afternoon (PM) have been shown to have lower adenoma detection rates (ADR) compared to those in the morning (AM). Endoscopist fatigue has been suggested as a possible reason. Colonoscopies tend to be technically more challenging in female patients. Furthermore, women have a lower incidence of adenomas then men. The impact of the timing of colonoscopy based on sex has not been studied. We hypothesized that any decrease in ADR in PM colonoscopies would be more pronounced in female patients when compared to male patients...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704647/an-investigation-of-the-emotion-of-disgust-as-an-affective-barrier-to-intention-to-screen-for-colorectal-cancer
#15
M Davis, M Oaten, S Occhipinti, S K Chambers, R J Stevenson
Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening participation remains unacceptably low. This study investigated the emotion of disgust as a potential deterrent to intention to screen for CRC. The study utilised a convenience sample of individuals' 40-70 years of age to complete an online survey. Participants included 30 men and 118 women recruited between December 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014. Data on socio-demographics, health status, screening intentions and emotional barriers to bowel screening were collected via an on-line survey...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689801/antecolic-versus-retrocolic-reconstruction-after-partial-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#16
Felix J Hüttner, Rosa Klotz, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W Büchler, Markus K Diener
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer remains one of the five leading causes of cancer deaths in industrialized nations. For adenocarcinomas in the head of the gland and premalignant lesions, partial pancreaticoduodenectomy represents the standard treatment for resectable tumours. The gastro- or duodenojejunostomy after partial pancreaticoduodenectomy can be reestablished via either an antecolic or a retrocolic route. The debate about the more favourable technique for bowel reconstruction is ongoing...
September 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688654/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-india-past-present-and-future
#17
REVIEW
Gautam Ray
There is rising incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in India topping the Southeast Asian (SEA) countries. The common genes implicated in disease pathogenesis in the West are not causal in Indian patients and the role of "hygiene hypothesis" is unclear. There appears to be a North-South divide with more ulcerative colitis (UC) in north and Crohn's disease (CD) in south India. IBD in second generation Indian migrants to the West takes the early onset and more severe form of the West whereas it retains the nature of its country of origin in migrants to SEA countries...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682390/bowel-cancer-screening
#18
(no author information available yet)
Bowel cancer is the fourth most common cancer in England and the second highest cause of cancer deaths.
September 29, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676454/challenging-diagnostic-issues-in-adenomatous-polyps-with-epithelial-misplacement-in-bowel-cancer-screening-5-years-experience-of-the-bowel-cancer-screening-programme-expert-board
#19
Rebecca K L Griggs, Marco R Novelli, D Scott A Sanders, Bryan F Warren, Geraint T Williams, Philip Quirke, Neil A Shepherd
The diagnostic difficulties of differentiating epithelial misplacement from invasive cancer in colorectal adenomatous polyps have been recognised for many years. Nevertheless, the introduction of population screening in the UK has resulted in extraordinary diagnostic problems. Larger sigmoid colonic adenomatous polyps, which are those most likely to show epithelial misplacement, are specifically selected into such screening programmes, because these polyps are likely to bleed and screening is based on the detection of occult blood...
September 27, 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668227/pillcam-colon-capsule-endoscopy-pcce-in-colonic-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Dan Carter, Rami Eliakim
Diseases affecting the colon are common worldwide and can cause a major health problem. Colorectal cancer (CRC) as well as Inflammatory bowel diseases represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in western countries. PillCam colon capsule endoscopy (PCCE) is a novel and promising technology that can be useful for the screening and monitoring of colonic diseases. In the recent years many articles examined the use of various versions of PCCE-the 1st and 2nd generation versus various other endoscopic or radiologic modalities both for detection of colonic polyps or cancer and in both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease...
August 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
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