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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934828/-treatment-strategies-after-non-curative-endoscopic-resection-of-early-gastric-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Shin Hee Kim, Su Jin Hong
The cases of non-curative endoscopic resection (NCR) of early gastric cancer have increased due to the widespread use of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). NCR is associated with augmenting chances of local recurrence and lymph node metastasis (LNM). Therefore, some additional treatment strategies after NCR are needed. Treatment strategies for NCR should be determined by considering the risk of residual tumor or local recurrence and LNM. Additional surgical treatment such as gastrectomy and lymph node dissection are recommended in patients who have high-risk of LNM...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934284/correlation-of-dapk1-methylation-and-the-risk-of-gastrointestinal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Wenzheng Yuan, Jinhuang Chen, Yan Shu, Sanguang Liu, Liang Wu, Jintong Ji, Zhengyi Liu, Qiang Tang, Zili Zhou, Yifeng Cheng, Bin Jiang, Xiaogang Shu
OBJECTIVE: One of the critical mechanisms of gastrointestinal cancer pathogenesis is the silencing of death associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1), which could be caused by aberrant methylation of the promoter. However, the relationship between DAPK1 methylation and the risk of gastrointestinal cancer is still controversial. Hence, we conducted this study to determine the potential correlation. METHODS: Eligible publications were searched in the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library through November 2016 according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934010/down-regulation-of-klf5-in-cancer-associated-fibroblasts-inhibit-gastric-cancer-cells-progression-by-ccl5-ccr5-axis
#3
Tingsong Yang, Min Chen, Yingying Sun, Xiaobing Zhang, Zhou Zhang, Bin Xu, Jie Hua, Zhigang He, Zhenshun Song
It was well known that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) were an essential factor in tumor progression. However, the actual mechanism of stromal fibroblasts activation and tumor promoting effects remain unclear. Here, we showed that KLF5 expression was more frequently observed in gastric cancer-associated fibroblasts compared with normal mucosal fibroblasts. Moreover, KLF5 expression in tumor stroma was closely associated with clinicopathological features such as tumor size, invasion depth, cell grade and lymph node metastasis, as well as poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer...
September 21, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932371/estimating-postoperative-survival-rate-of-gastric-cancer-patients-and-its-effective-factors-in-babol-northern-iran-2006-2011
#4
Seyed-Reza Modarres, Abdolrahim Gholizadeh-Pasha, Soheil Khatibi, Sepideh Siadati
BACKGROUND: The importance of gastric cancer, considering its progressive course and high mortality is one of the reasons we pay attention to patients' survival and the significance of this study was to estimate survival and determine the effective factors on patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol, northern Iran during 2006-2011 were enrolled...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930841/totally-laparoscopic-versus-open-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-case-matched-study-about-short-term-outcomes
#5
Ke Chen, Yu Pan, Shu-Ting Zhai, Wei-Hua Yu, Jun-Hai Pan, Yi-Ping Zhu, Qi-Long Chen, Xian-Fa Wang
Although surgical outcomes of totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) have been reported from several centers, the effectiveness of this technique has not been conclusively established. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of TLTG for gastric cancer.A prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed data were used by comparing the short-term surgical outcomes of 124 patients who underwent TLTG with those of 124 patients who underwent open total gastrectomy (OTG) between March 2007 and March 2016...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928842/significant-response-to-ramucirumab-monotherapy-in-chemotherapy-resistant-recurrent-alpha-fetoprotein-producing-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#6
Yasuhiro Arakawa, Miho Tamura, Keisuke Aiba, Kazuhiko Morikawa, Daisuke Aizawa, Masahiro Ikegami, Masami Yuda, Katsunori Nishikawa
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gastric cancer (AFPGC) is a relatively rare type of gastric cancer characterized by a high incidence of liver and lymph node metastases, and a poor prognosis. Few advanced AFPGC cases treated successfully with conventional chemotherapy have been reported thus far. Although the development of molecular-targeted therapy has improved the prognosis of various types of cancer, there are currently no tailored therapies for AFPGC. In the present report, the case of a chemotherapy-resistant recurrent AFPGC patient who exhibited a significant response to ramucirumab monotherapy is presented...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927028/decreased-expression-of-the-long-non-coding-rna-mllt4-antisense-rna-1-is-a-potential-biomarker-and-an-indicator-of-a-poor-prognosis-for-gastric-cancer
#7
Yuexing Lai, Ping Xu, Jie Liu, Qinghua Li, Dabin Ren, Jun Zhang, Jing Wang
In recent years, the identification of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) led to the analysis of their characteristics in cancer biology. However, the expression of lncRNAs in cancer and their clinical significance remain unclear. In the present study, an investigation of lncRNAs that may be involved in the regulation of metastasis using microarray and polymerase chain reaction analyses resulted in the identification of MLLT4 antisense RNA 1 (MLLT4-AS1) as a significantly downregulated lncRNA in gastric cancer tissue compared with normal adjacent tissue (P=0...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924517/breast-cancer-metastases-to-the-gastrointestinal-tract-presenting-with-anemia-and-intra-abdominal-bleed
#8
Idrees Khan, Rehan Malik, Amina Khan, Salman Assad, Mehr Zahid, Muhammad Saad Sohail, Faizan Yasin, Ahmed H Qavi
Signet ring adenocarcinoma of the breast with synchronous metastasis to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a rare occurrence, typically presenting with abdominal pain, dyspepsia, or GI bleed. We report a case of metastatic breast cancer presenting with a complaint of anemia. A further diagnostic evaluation revealed generalized lymphadenopathy, nodular thickening of the urinary bladder wall, bone lesions, and enlarged pancreas. Biopsies from the lymph nodes, pancreatic biopsy, and bladder nodule all revealed a signet cell carcinoma...
July 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919781/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-ki-67-immunohistochemical-expression-in-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Gang Liu, Disheng Xiong, Junjie Zeng, Borong Chen, Zhengjie Huang
The prognostic significance of Ki-67 in patients with gastric cancer (GC) remains controversial. The aim of our meta-analysis is to evaluate its association with clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic value in patients with GC. PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were systematically searched up to May 2017. Twenty-two studies including 3,825 patients with GC were analyzed. The meta-analysis indicated that the incidence difference of Ki-67 expression in GC patients was significant when comparing the older group to younger group (odds ratio [OR] =1...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918037/a-novel-pak1-atf2-mir-132-signaling-axis-is-involved-in-the-hematogenous-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer-cells
#10
Funan Liu, Zhenguo Cheng, Xiaodong Li, Yanshu Li, Hongyan Zhang, Jiabin Li, Furong Liu, Huimian Xu, Feng Li
We, along with others, have shown previously that P21-activated kinase 1 (Pak1) plays a pivotal role in gastric cancer progression and metastasis. However, whether Pak1 controls gastric cancer metastasis by regulating microRNAs (miRNAs) has never been explored. Here, we report a novel mechanism of Pak1 in tumor metastasis. A detailed examination revealed that Pak1 interacts with and phosphorylates the serine 62 residue of ATF2 and then blocks its translocation into the nucleus. We also confirmed that ATF2 binds to the promoter of miR-132 and tightly regulates its transcription, thus explaining the regulatory mechanism of miR-132 by Pak1...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918030/lncrna-trerna1-function-as-an-enhancer-of-snai1-promotes-gastric-cancer-metastasis-by-regulating-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#11
Huazhang Wu, Ying Hu, Xiufang Liu, Wei Song, Pihai Gong, Kun Zhang, Zhenxing Chen, Menghan Zhou, Xiaohui Shen, Yanyan Qian, Hong Fan
Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has been implicated in cancer, but little is known about the role of lncRNAs as regulators of tumor metastasis. In the present study, we demonstrate that lncRNA TRERNA1 acts like an enhancer of SNAI1 to promote cell invasion and migration and to contribute to metastasis of gastric cancer (GC). TRERNA1 is significantly unregulated in GCs and GC cell lines. Increased TRERNA1 is positively correlated with lymph node metastasis of GCs. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays revealed that TRERNA1 functions as a scaffold to recruit EZH2 to epigenetically silence epithelial-mesenchymal transition marker CDH1 by H3K27me3 of its promoter region...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916893/safety-and-prognostic-impact-of-prophylactic-laparoscopic-superior-mesenteric-vein-no-14v-lymph-node-dissection-for-lower-third-gastric-cancer-a-propensity-score-matched-case-control-study
#12
Qi-Yue Chen, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Jun Lu, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu, Ze-Ning Huang, Ju-Li Lin, Chang-Ming Huang
AIM: To investigate oncologic efficacy of prophylactic laparoscopic superior mesenteric vein (No. 14v) lymph node (LN) dissection for lower-third gastric cancer (LTGC). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 757 patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy for LTGC. Of these patients, 102 underwent 14v LN dissection (14vD+ group), and the remaining 655 patients did not undergo 14v LN dissection (14vD- group). The outcomes were compared using a 1:1 propensity score matching method...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915886/prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-loco-regionally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#13
Bo Hultman, Ulf Gunnarsson, Peter Nygren, Magnus Sundbom, Bengt Glimelius, Haile Mahteme
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiologic and prognostic factors relevant to the treatment of loco-regionally advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-five patients with GC were identified in Uppsala County between 2000 and 2009. Patient records were analyzed for loco-regionally advanced GC defined as tumor with peritoneal involvement, excluding serosal invasion from the primary tumor only, at primary diagnosis or during follow-up...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915696/top2a-ggh-and-pecam1-are-associated-with-hematogenous-lymph-node-and-peritoneal-recurrence-in-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer-patients-enrolled-in-the-acts-gc-study
#14
Masanori Terashima, Wataru Ichikawa, Atsushi Ochiai, Koji Kitada, Issei Kurahashi, Shinichi Sakuramoto, Hitoshi Katai, Takeshi Sano, Hiroshi Imamura, Mitsuru Sasako
BACKGROUND: To identify factors related to relapse sites, we carried out an exploratory biomarker analysis of data from the Adjuvant Chemotherapy Trial of TS-1 for Gastric Cancer study, which is a randomized, controlled trial comparing postoperative adjuvant S-1 therapy with surgery alone in 1,059 patients with stage II/III gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgical specimens from 829 patients were retrospectively examined, and 63 genes involved in a variety of biological processes were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913982/validation-of-the-american-joint-commission-on-cancer-8th-edition-changes-for-patients-with-stage-iii-gastric-cancer-survival-analysis-of-a-large-series-from-a-specialized-eastern-center
#15
Jun Lu, Chao-Hui Zheng, Long-Long Cao, Shao-Wei Ling, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu, Chang-Ming Huang
The 8th edition of the TNM was released in 2016 and included major revisions, especially for stage III. We aimed to compare the prognostic value of the 7th and 8th editions of the AJCC TNM classification for stage III gastric cancer. Clinical data from 1557 patients operated on for stage III gastric cancer according to the 7th edition between 2007 and 2014 were analyzed and compared using the 7th and 8th TNM classifications. A proposed staging system was established, and the three systems were compared in terms of prognostic performance...
September 14, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906366/risk-factors-for-lymph-node-metastasis-of-early-gastric-cancers-in-patients-younger-than-40
#16
Tao Ji, Fan Zhou, John Wang, Li Zi
This research aims to explore the potential risk factors of lymph node metastasis (LNM) for early gastric cancers in young patients.We retrospectively collected data from 4287 patients who underwent gastrectomy from January 2005 to December 2015 at Linyi People's Hospital. Of these, we enrolled 397 eligible consecutive patients who had early gastric cancer, then divided them into 2 groups according to age (≤40 years and >40 years). The association between the clinicopathological factors and LNM was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901473/phd3-affects-gastric-cancer-progression-by-negatively-regulating-hif1a
#17
Ying-Jie Xia, Xiao-Ting Jiang, Shi-Bin Jiang, Xu-Jun He, Jun-Gang Luo, Zheng-Chuang Liu, Liang Wang, Hou-Quan Tao, Jian-Zhong Chen
Prolyl hydroxylase 3 (PHD3) is widely accepted as a tumor suppressor; however, the expression of PHD3 in various cancer types remains controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the association between PHD3 expression and the clinicopathological features of gastric cancer using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. The effects of PHD3 in gastric cancer cell lines were assessed using western blot analysis and transwell migration assays. The present results revealed that PHD3 expression was increased in adjacent non‑cancerous tissue compared with in gastric cancer tissue, and PHD3 overexpression was correlated with the presence of well‑differentiated cancer cells, early cancer stage classification and the absence of lymph node metastasis...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900996/-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-gastric-hepatoid-adenocarcinoma
#18
Rongfei Zhao, Xinxin Wang, Xin Lan, Mingsen Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of gastric hepatoid adenocarcinoma(HAS). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinicopathological data of 24 cases with gastric HAS diagnosed by surgery and pathology in Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2013 to May 2016 were carried out. All the patients underwent preoperative serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), endoscopy and imaging examination (CT or B-mode ultrasonography), and those with elevated AFP were excluded from liver cancer, cirrhosis, endodermal sinus tumor and other diseases...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900793/robotic-assisted-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-with-video
#19
Rana Alhossaini, Woo Jin Hyung
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a relatively rare condition where the abdominal and/or thoracic organ is positioned as a "mirror image" of the normal position. We are presenting a video of robotic distal gastrectomy performed in a 52-year-old female known to have SIT. Preoperative investigations revealed the patient has an early gastric cancer at the antrum. Ports were placed as mirror image to our usual port placement and upon exploration, the liver is visualized on the left side of the abdomen and the spleen is on the right...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899420/prognostic-value-of-systemic-immune-inflammation-index-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#20
Kang Wang, Feiyu Diao, Zhijun Ye, Xinhua Zhang, Ertao Zhai, Hui Ren, Tong Li, Hui Wu, Yulong He, Shirong Cai, Jianhui Chen
BACKGROUND: Inflammation-based indexes have been used to predict survival and recurrence in cancer patients. Systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) was reported to be associated with prognosis in some malignant tumors. In the present study, we aimed to explore the association between SII and the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 444 gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 1994 and December 2005...
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
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