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Christopher N Morrison, Benjamin Ukert, Aimee Palumbo, Beidi Dong, Sara F Jacoby, Douglas J Wiebe
AIM: This study investigates whether assault frequency increased on days and in cities where candidates Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton held campaign rallies prior to the 2016 US Presidential election. METHOD: We calculated city-level counts of police-reported assaults for 31 rallies for Donald Trump and 38 rallies for Hillary Clinton. Negative binomial models estimated the assault incidence on rally days (Day 0) relative to that on 8 control days for the same city (Days -28, -21, -14, -7, +7, +14, +21, and +28)...
March 12, 2018: Epidemiology
Massimo Ralli, Marco de Vincentiis, Antonio Greco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Lancet Oncology
Christopher H Taylor, Klara M Wanelik, Ida M Friberg, Ann Lowe, Amy J Hall, Catriona Ralli, Richard J Birtles, Mike Begon, Steve Paterson, Joseph A Jackson, Janette E Bradley
In contrast to the conditions in most laboratory studies, wild animals are routinely challenged by multiple infections simultaneously, and these infections can interact in complex ways. This means that the impact of a parasite on its host's physiology and fitness cannot be fully assessed in isolation, and requires consideration of the interactions with other co-infections. Here we examine the impact of two common blood parasites in the field vole (Microtus agrestis): Babesia microti and Bartonella spp., both of which have zoonotic potential...
February 21, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
G Attanasio, F Camerota, M Ralli, G Galeoto, G La Torre, M Galli, M De Vincentiis, A Greco, Claudia Celletti
BACKGROUNDS: Imbalance in elderly is a common problem strictly related to fall. AIMS: This study investigates the possibility that a new protocol based on the focal mechanical muscle vibration may improve balance and stability in elderly. METHODS: Pre-post non-randomized clinical trial has been used. Patients referring postural disequilibrium with negative vestibular bed-side examinations have been treated with focal muscle vibration applied to quadriceps muscles and evaluated before and immediately after therapy and after 1 week and after 1 month with postural stabilometric examination and with an inertial measurement units during the time up and go test...
February 21, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Shahaduz Zaman, Alexander Whitelaw, Naomi Richards, Hamilton Inbadas, David Clark
Compassion is an emotional response to the suffering of others. Once felt, it entails subsequent action to ameliorate their suffering. Recently, 'compassion' has become the flagship concept to be fostered in the delivery of end-of-life care, and a rallying call for social action and public health intervention. In this paper, we examine the emerging rhetorics of compassion as they relate to end-of-life care and offer a critique of the expanding discourse around it. We argue that, even where individuals 'possess' compassion or are 'trained' in it, there are difficulties for compassion to flow freely, particularly within Western society...
February 10, 2018: Medical Humanities
Aaron Pinnola, Jason D Sciarretta, Stefanie Gibson, Keely Muertos, Carlos Fernandez, Andrea Romano, John Mihran Davis, Antonio Pepe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Stephanie Kovalchik, Machar Reid
Shots are an essential part of the language of tennis yet little is known about the distinct types of shots in the professional game. In this study, we build a taxonomy of shots for elite tennis players using tracking data from multiple years of men's and women's matches at the Australian Open. Our taxonomy is constructed using model-based multi-stage functional data clustering, an unsupervised machine learning approach. Among 270,023 men's and 178,136 women's shots, we found 13 distinct types of serves to both the Ad and Deuce court for male players and 17 and 15 types to the Ad and Deuce for female players...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Pinki Pandey, Savita Agarwal, Megha Ralli, Alok Dixit, Dheerendra Singh
OBJECTIVE: Oral cancer accounts for almost 40% of all cancers in the Indian subcontinent. Techniques like oral scrape cytology are helpful in early diagnosis of premalignant lesion and thus prevention of malignant transformation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of cytotechnologists in assessing the adequacy and preliminary diagnostic accuracy of oral brush liquid-based cytology. STUDY DESIGN: 110 oral brush liquid-based cytology smears were prospectively screened by a cytotechnologist for adequacy assessment, and a preliminary diagnosis was recorded...
February 2, 2018: Acta Cytologica
Bethany A Rallis, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, David J Disabato, Robyn S Mehlenbeck, Seth Kaplan, Leslie Geer, Ryan Adams, Barbara Meehan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to test a 1-hour peer suicide gatekeeper training for students from the broad college community in the context of an open pilot trial. METHOD: Two-hundred and thirty-one college students were recruited university-wide, Mage  = 20.7, 65.4% female, and completed a peer suicide prevention gatekeeping training program. Assessments were completed at pre-training and post-training as well as 3-month follow-up. RESULTS: This brief peer suicide gatekeeper training program was associated with increases in suicide prevention knowledge...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Anna Fitzpatrick, Keith Davids, Joseph A Stone
Manipulating task constraints by scaling key features like space and equipment is considered an effective method for enhancing performance development and refining movement patterns in sport. Despite this, it is currently unclear whether scaled manipulation of task constraints would impact emergent movement behaviours in young children, affording learners opportunities to develop relevant skills. Here, we sought to investigate how scaling task constraints during 8 weeks of mini tennis training shaped backhand stroke development...
January 17, 2018: Human Movement Science
Vera Limpens, Tim Buszard, Emma Shoemaker, Geert J P Savelsbergh, Machar Reid
PURPOSE: The net height in tennis (0.91 m) is approximately 50% of a professional tennis player's height. Children are also expected to play with this net height, even though it is approximately 70% of the average 10-year-old's height. This study examined the immediate effect of lowering net height on the performance characteristics of skilled junior tennis players aged 10 years and younger. METHOD: Sixteen players were matched in 8 pairs of even tennis ability and same sex...
January 19, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Alice Bruscolini, Marta Sacchetti, Maurizio La Cava, Magda Gharbiya, Massimo Ralli, Alessandro Lambiase, Armando de Virgilio, Antonio Greco
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are a group of autoimmune conditions characterized by inflammatory involvement of the optic nerve, spinal cord and central nervous system. Novel evidence showed a key role of autoantibodies against aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G (AQP4 IgG) in the pathogenesis of NMOSD and, recently, new classification and diagnostic criteria have been adopted to facilitate an earlier identification and improve the management of these conditions. Diagnosis of NMOSD is currently based on clinical, neuroimaging and laboratory features...
January 12, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Giancarlo Altissimi, Rosaria Turchetta, Lucia Longo, Vittorio D'Aguanno, Mario Tombolini, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Marco de Vincentiis
Vestibular schwannoma and endolymphatic hydrops are two conditions that may present with similar audio-vestibular symptoms. The association of the two in the same patient represents an unusual finding that may lead clinicians to errors and delays in diagnosis and clinical management of affected subjects. We discuss the case of a patient with an intrameatal vestibular schwannoma reporting symptoms suggestive for ipsilateral endolymphatic hydrops. The patient presented with fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus, and acute rotatory vertigo episodes, and underwent a full audiological evaluation and imaging of the brain with contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Fabrizio Cialente, Arianna Di Stadio, Lucia Longo, Andrea Ciofalo, Rosaria Turchetta, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Marco de Vincentiis
Modulation of tinnitus characteristics such as pitch and loudness has been extensively described following movements of the head, neck and limbs, vertical or horizontal eye gaze, pressure on myofascial trigger points, cutaneous stimulation of the hands, electrical stimulation of the median nerve, and transcranial direct current stimulation. Modulation of tinnitus follows complex interactions between auditory and somatosensory afferents and can be favored by underlying somatic disorders. When tinnitus appears to be preceded or strictly linked to a somatic disorder, and therefore related to problems of the musculoskeletal system rather than of the ear, it is defined somatic tinnitus...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
M Ralli, R Rolesi, R Anzivino, R Turchetta, A R Fetoni
The knowledge of mechanisms responsible for acquired sensorineural hearing loss in children, such as viral and bacterial infections, noise exposure, aminoglycoside and cisplatin ototoxicity, is increasing and progressively changing the clinical management of affected patients. Viral infections are by far the most relevant cause of acquired hearing loss, followed by aminoglycoside and platinum derivative ototoxicity; moreover, cochlear damage induced by noise overexposure, mainly in adolescents, is an emerging topic...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Vittorio D'Aguanno, Massimo Ralli, Marco de Vincentiis, Antonio Greco
Cogan's syndrome (CS) is a rare disorder characterized by nonsyphilitic interstitial keratitis (IK) and audio-vestibular symptoms. CS affects mainly young Caucasian adults, mostly during their first three decades of age, and may develop into typical and atypical variants. Typical CS manifests primarily with IK and hearing loss, whereas atypical CS usually presents with inflammatory ocular manifestations in association with audio-vestibular symptoms but mostly different Ménière-like symptoms and, more frequently, with systemic inflammation (70%), of which vasculitis is the pathogenic mechanism...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Arianna Di Stadio, Massimo Ralli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Austin Rallis, Kelene A Fercho, Taylor J Bosch, Lee A Baugh
Tool use is associated with three visual streams-dorso-dorsal, ventro-dorsal, and ventral visual streams. These streams are involved in processing online motor planning, action semantics, and tool semantics features, respectively. Little is known about the way in which the brain represents virtual tools. To directly assess this question, a virtual tool paradigm was created that provided the ability to manipulate tool components in isolation of one another. During functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), adult participants performed a series of virtual tool manipulation tasks in which vision and movement kinematics of the tool were manipulated...
December 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
Vassiliki Diamanti, Angeliki Mouzaki, Asimina Ralli, Faye Antoniou, Sofia Papaioannou, Athanassios Protopapas
Different language skills are considered fundamental for successful reading and spelling acquisition. Extensive evidence has highlighted the central role of phonological awareness in early literacy experiences. However, many orthographic systems also require the contribution of morphological awareness. The goal of this study was to examine the morphological and phonological awareness skills of preschool children as longitudinal predictors of reading and spelling ability by the end of first grade, controlling for the effects of receptive and expressive vocabulary skills...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Konstantinos Mitropoulos, Eleni Merkouri Papadima, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Angeliki Balasopoulou, Kyriaki Charalampidou, Vasiliki Galani, Krystallia-Vassiliki Zafeiri, Efthymios Dardiotis, Styliani Ralli, Georgia Deretzi, Anne John, Kyriaki Kydonopoulou, Elpida Papadopoulou, Alba di Pardo, Fulya Akcimen, Annalisa Loizedda, Valerija Dobričić, Ivana Novaković, Vladimir S Kostić, Clint Mizzi, Brock A Peters, Nazli Basak, Sandro Orrù, Evangelos Kiskinis, David N Cooper, Spyridon Gerou, Radoje Drmanac, Marina Bartsakoulia, Evangelia-Eirini Tsermpini, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Bassam R Ali, Theodora Katsila, George P Patrinos
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease whose complex pathology has been associated with a strong genetic component in the context of both familial and sporadic disease. Herein, we adopted a next-generation sequencing approach to Greek patients suffering from sporadic ALS (together with their healthy counterparts) in order to explore further the genetic basis of sporadic ALS (sALS). RESULTS: Whole-genome sequencing analysis of Greek sALS patients revealed a positive association between FTO and TBC1D1 gene variants and sALS...
December 8, 2017: Human Genomics
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