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Jing Meng, Zhifu Mi, Dabo Guan, Jiashuo Li, Shu Tao, Yuan Li, Kuishuang Feng, Junfeng Liu, Zhu Liu, Xuejun Wang, Qiang Zhang, Steven J Davis
Economic globalization and concomitant growth in international trade since the late 1990s have profoundly reorganized global production activities and related CO2 emissions. Here we show trade among developing nations (i.e., South-South trade) has more than doubled between 2004 and 2011, which reflects a new phase of globalization. Some production activities are relocating from China and India to other developing countries, particularly raw materials and intermediate goods production in energy-intensive sectors...
May 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Savita Agarwal, Pinki Pandey, Megha Ralli, Shruti Singh
Ovarian small cell carcinoma is a rare and highly malignant tumor with poor prognosis. It usually presents in younger females with features of hypercalcemia. The exact histogenesis of the tumor is unclear and it may present as an undifferentiated tumor. In such cases, immunohistochemistry (IHC) plays an important role to confirm the diagnosis. Limited treatment options are available and mainly include radical surgery followed by adjuvant therapy in advanced stages. The current report was a rare case of small cell carcinoma of ovary presenting no symptoms of hypercalcemia diagnosed on histopathological examination and IHC findings...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pathology
Alice Bruscolini, Marta Sacchetti, Maurizio La Cava, Marcella Nebbioso, Angela Iannitelli, Adele Quartini, Alessandro Lambiase, Massimo Ralli, Armando de Virgilio, Antonio Greco
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune chronic thyroiditis frequently associated with development of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) characterized by proptosis, strabismus, impairment of visual function, ocular surface inflammation and dry eye. As consequence, patients with GO experience impairment of quality of life and social function and could develop a neurobehavioral syndrome, ranging from anxious to depressive or psychotic disorders. To date, the pathogenic mechanism underlying neuropsychiatric disorders in patients with GD has not been clearly understood...
May 2, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Patrizia Mancini, Francesca Atturo, Alessia Di Mario, Portanova Ginevra, Massimo Ralli, Armando De Virgilio, Marco de Vincentiis, Antonio Greco
The objective of this study was to review our current knowledge relative to the correlation between sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and autoimmune diseases, focusing on the prevalence of hearing loss in different pathologies and possible therapeutic approaches. A review of the literature on hearing loss in different forms of autoimmune disease has been carried out, with emphasis on incidence and prevalence of SNHL. Therapeutic protocols have been assessed including both conservative medical and rehabilitative methods...
May 2, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Prasanta K Borah, Hem C Kalita, Suman K Paine, Purnananda Khaund, Chandra Bhattacharjee, Dilip Hazarika, Meenakshi Sharma, Jagadish Mahanta
OBJECTIVE: High salt diet increases blood pressure. Tea garden workers (TGW) of Assam, India have high (60.8%) prevalence of hypertension (HTN), which may be due to consumption of extra salt (salt as side dish) and salted tea at work place and home. The present study evaluated an information, education and communication (IEC) module to reduce salt intake and blood pressure among TGW. METHODS: Two tea gardens (usual care and intervention) were selected at random covering a total population of 13,458...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
F Cianfrone, F Mammarella, M Ralli, V Evetovic, C M Pianura, G Bellocchi
BACKGROUND: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) aims to identify hearing loss in the early postnatal period; prompt detection of bilateral or unilateral hearing loss is mandatory for timely intervention. METHODS: This retrospective study reports the results of the first two years of a UNHS program on 4,719 newborns in a large public Italian hospital. Screening was divided into two levels: automated transient otoacoustic emissions were used for first level; automated auditory brainstem response for second level...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Efthimios Dardiotis, Vasileios Siokas, Maria Sokratous, Zisis Tsouris, Amalia Michalopoulou, Athina Andravizou, Metaxia Dastamani, Styliani Ralli, Marco Vinceti, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Environment International
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, Michalis Mezitis, George Rallis
OBJECTIVES: This was a 27-year study of a cohort of 5708 patients who had sustained maxillofacial fractures. Our purpose was to present the etiology, mechanism of trauma, site, and concomitant injuries that led to visual loss. We hypothesize that fractures caused by high-energy impact of the midface may be associated with blindness. A discussion of the treatment approaches is also included. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 5708 patients who had sustained a maxillofacial fracture during the years 1985-2012...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Roni Porat, Maya Tamir, Michael J A Wohl, Tamar Gur, Eran Halperin
A careful look at societies facing threat reveals a unique phenomenon in which liberals and conservatives react emotionally and attitudinally in a similar manner, rallying around the conservative flag. Previous research suggests that this rally effect is the result of liberals shifting in their attitudes and emotional responses toward the conservative end. Whereas theories of motivated social cognition provide a motivation-based account of cognitive processes (i.e. attitude shift), it remains unclear whether emotional shifts are, in fact, also a motivation-based process...
April 18, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
Carola A Álvarez, Ana M Briceño, Karla Álvarez, Marcela Abufhele, Iris Delgado
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the determinants of subjecti ve well-being and happiness. In that context, life satisfaction is one of the measures used to assess subjective well-being, with emphasis in adult population. OBJECTIVE: Adapt and validate (cultu rally and linguistically) the Canadian "Satisfaction with Life adapted for Children" (SWLS-C) in Chilean adolescents, in order to assess their global judgement about their own lives...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Evangelia Meimeti, Antonios Kafanas, Panagoula Pavlou, Antonia Evangelatou, Panagiota Tsouparelou, Stelios Kanellopoulos, Panagiotis Kipouros, Nikolaos Koliarakis, Georgios Leonis, Efstathia Ioannou, Vassilios Roussis, Michail Rallis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is no treatment, without side effects, efficiently preventing or curing skin burns, caused by radiotherapy. A new experimental topical treatment protocol was assessed in mice receiving orthovoltage X-rays at an equivalent dose to that applied to human breast cancer patients in conventional radiotherapy. METHODS: SKH-HR2 female hairless mice were irradiated on their dorsum with a total dose of 4,300 cGy during a 1-month period (20 fractions)...
April 4, 2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
George P Ralli, Michael A Chappell, Daniel R McGowan, Ricky A Sharma, Geoffrey S Higgins, John D Fenwick
4D reconstruction of dynamic positron emission tomography (dPET) data can improve the signal-to-noise ratio in reconstructed image sequences by fitting smooth temporal functions to the voxel time-activity-curves (TACs) during the reconstruction, though the optimal choice of function remains an open question. We propose a spline-residue model, which describes TACs as weighted sums of convolutions of the arterial input function with cubic B-spline basis functions. Convolution with the input function constrains the spline-residue model at early time-points, potentially enhancing noise suppression in early time-frames, while still allowing a wide range of TAC descriptions over the entire imaged time-course, thus limiting bias...
April 4, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Massimo Fusconi, Antonio Greco, Carlo Guglielmo Cattaneo, Andrea Ciofalo, Massimo Ralli, Marco de Vincentiis
Rhinoscleroma is a progressive chronic granulomatous disease of the upper respiratory tract that may extend to the tracheobronchial tract. It is common belief that the pathology is determined by Klebsiella Rhinoscleromatis. In the authors' opinion, the infection with Klebsiella Rhinoscleromatis may not represent the only etiopathogenic factor of the disease. Rhinoscleroma is reported in many countries, but has a peculiar social and geographic distribution, in that it assumes an endemic character only in some regions of the Middle East, West Russia, North Africa, Indonesia, Central and South America...
March 22, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Sok Ying Liaw, Guiller Augustin C Carpio, Ying Lau, Seng Chee Tan, Wee Shiong Lim, Poh Sun Goh
BACKGROUND: The use of multiuser virtual worlds (MUVWs) for collaborative learning has generated interest among healthcare educators. Published evidence to support its use is growing, but none has synthesized the evidence to guide future work. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to provide a comprehensive and systematic evaluation of MUVWs in healthcare education. DESIGN: A systematic review METHODS: A systematic search of five databases including CINAHL, Cochrane library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Scopus, was conducted from inception up to January 2017...
February 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Sarah E Ali-Khan, Antoine Jean, Emily MacDonald, E Richard Gold
Mounting evidence indicates that worldwide, innovation systems are increasing unsustainable. Equally, concerns about inequities in the science and innovation process, and in access to its benefits, continue. Against a backdrop of growing health, economic and scientific challenges global stakeholders are urgently seeking to spur innovation and maximize the just distribution of benefits for all. Open Science collaboration (OS) - comprising a variety of approaches to increase open, public, and rapid mobilization of scientific knowledge - is seen to be one of the most promising ways forward...
2018: MNI open research
Christopher N Morrison, Benjamin Ukert, Aimee Palumbo, Beidi Dong, Sara F Jacoby, Douglas J Wiebe
AIM: This study investigates whether assault frequency increased on days and in cities where candidates Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton held campaign rallies prior to the 2016 US Presidential election. METHOD: We calculated city-level counts of police-reported assaults for 31 rallies for Donald Trump and 38 rallies for Hillary Clinton. Negative binomial models estimated the assault incidence on rally days (Day 0) relative to that on 8 control days for the same city (Days -28, -21, -14, -7, +7, +14, +21, and +28)...
March 12, 2018: Epidemiology
Massimo Ralli, Marco de Vincentiis, Antonio Greco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Lancet Oncology
Christopher H Taylor, Klara M Wanelik, Ida M Friberg, Ann Lowe, Amy J Hall, Catriona Ralli, Richard J Birtles, Mike Begon, Steve Paterson, Joseph A Jackson, Janette E Bradley
In contrast to the conditions in most laboratory studies, wild animals are routinely challenged by multiple infections simultaneously, and these infections can interact in complex ways. This means that the impact of a parasite on its host's physiology and fitness cannot be fully assessed in isolation, and requires consideration of the interactions with other co-infections. Here we examine the impact of two common blood parasites in the field vole (Microtus agrestis): Babesia microti and Bartonella spp., both of which have zoonotic potential...
May 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
G Attanasio, F Camerota, M Ralli, G Galeoto, G La Torre, M Galli, M De Vincentiis, A Greco, Claudia Celletti
BACKGROUNDS: Imbalance in elderly is a common problem strictly related to fall. AIMS: This study investigates the possibility that a new protocol based on the focal mechanical muscle vibration may improve balance and stability in elderly. METHODS: Pre-post non-randomized clinical trial has been used. Patients referring postural disequilibrium with negative vestibular bed-side examinations have been treated with focal muscle vibration applied to quadriceps muscles and evaluated before and immediately after therapy and after 1 week and after 1 month with postural stabilometric examination and with an inertial measurement units during the time up and go test...
February 21, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Shahaduz Zaman, Alexander Whitelaw, Naomi Richards, Hamilton Inbadas, David Clark
Compassion is an emotional response to the suffering of others. Once felt, it entails subsequent action to ameliorate their suffering. Recently, 'compassion' has become the flagship concept to be fostered in the delivery of end-of-life care, and a rallying call for social action and public health intervention. In this paper, we examine the emerging rhetorics of compassion as they relate to end-of-life care and offer a critique of the expanding discourse around it. We argue that, even where individuals 'possess' compassion or are 'trained' in it, there are difficulties for compassion to flow freely, particularly within Western society...
February 10, 2018: Medical Humanities
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