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Tzu-Hsien Tsai, Cheng-I Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Leanne Bischof, Martin Převorovský, Charalampos Rallis, Daniel C Jeffares, Yulia Arzhaeva, Jürg Bähler
Microbial colony growth can serve as a useful readout in assays for studying complex genetic interactions or the effects of chemical compounds. Although computational tools for acquiring quantitative measurements of microbial colonies have been developed, their utility can be compromised by inflexible input image requirements, non-trivial installation procedures, or complicated operation. Here, we present the Spotsizer software tool for automated colony size measurements in images of robotically arrayed microbial colonies...
October 1, 2016: BioTechniques
A M Moulin
Vaccine trials against Ebola virus have been conceived and organized, in August 2014, after the epidemic started in three countries of West Africa. If the preparedness had been missing, the planners tried to anticipate the resistance to vaccination, in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. This article offers a retrospective view on the resistances to vaccination throughout its history, from smallpox inoculation to anti-polio vaccine. Resistances have been linked to the political contexts and the rejection of an oppressive power, either local or foreign, as well as mistakes and scientific uncertainties...
September 29, 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Ioannis Savvas, Dimitrios Raptopoulos, Timoleon Rallis
Emerging evidence from veterinary and medical clinical research shows that reducing preoperative fasting time may reduce the incidence of gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) intraoperatively. In order to evaluate the effect of two different preoperative fasting times on the incidence of GER during general anesthesia, 120 dogs were randomly assigned to two groups: administration of canned food 3 h before premedication (group C3, n = 60) and administration of canned food 10 h before premedication (group C10, n = 60)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
M Alharbi, A Husakou, M Chafer, B Debord, F Gérôme, F Benabid
Trapping or cooling molecules has rallied a long-standing effort for its impact in exploring new frontiers in physics and in finding new phase of matter for quantum technologies. Here we demonstrate a system for light-trapping molecules and stimulated Raman scattering based on optically self-nanostructured molecular hydrogen in hollow-core photonic crystal fibre. A lattice is formed by a periodic and ultra-deep potential caused by a spatially modulated Raman saturation, where Raman-active molecules are strongly localized in a one-dimensional array of nanometre-wide sections...
2016: Nature Communications
Nikos Seferos, Loukas Petrokokkinos, Antonia Kotsiou, George Rallis, Christine Tesseromatis
: Stress, via corticosteroids release, influences bone mass density. Hypericum perforatum (Hp) a traditional remedy possess antidepressive activity (serotonin reuptake inhibitor) and wound healing properties. Hp preparation contains mainly hypericin, hyperforin, hyperoside and flavonoids exerting oestrogen-mimetic effect. Cold swimming represents an experimental model of stress associating mental strain and corporal exhaustion. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the Hp effect on femur and mandible bone mass changes in rats under cold forced swimming procedure...
2016: Stomatologija
Heather Rally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Dimitrios Rallis, Paraskevi Karagianni, Eleni Milona, Paraskevi Pratsiou, Nikolaos Nikolaidis, Christos Tsakalidis
Objective Neonates with sepsis have increased risk of cerebral injury. Our aim was to evaluate cerebral oxygenation in septic neonates using near-infrared spectroscopy. Study Design A prospective study was designed enrolling neonates with sepsis, as defined by the International Consensus Conference of Pediatric Sepsis criteria and matched controls. Three cerebral half-hourly measurements were performed during the first, third, and seventh day of the episode and the values of tissue oxygenation index (TOI) and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) were compared between the two groups...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Rallis Karamichalis, Lila Kari, Stavros Konstantinidis, Steffen Kopecki, Stephen Solis-Reyes
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the potential of Chaos Game Representations (CGR) of genomic sequences to act as "genomic signatures" (to be species- and genome-specific) showed that CGR patterns of nuclear and organellar DNA sequences of the same organism can be very different. While the hypothesis that CGRs of mitochondrial DNA sequences can act as genomic signatures was validated for a snapshot of all sequenced mitochondrial genomes available in the NCBI GenBank sequence database, to our knowledge no such extensive analysis of CGRs of nuclear DNA sequences exists to date...
2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Chiara Ralli, Patrizio Imperiali, Ennio Duranti
The home extracorporeal hemodialysis, which aroused a great interest in the past, has not kept its promises due to the complexity and expectations for family involvement in treatment management. In the United States NxStage One portable system was proposed and designed for home use. In this work we describe, starting from the history of home hemodialysis, the method with NxStage system by comparing it with the conventional HD in 5 patients. The dialysis efficiency was similar between the two treatments, even if home hemodialysis showed a reduction in serum urea, creatinine and phosphorus...
July 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Stafford Murray, Nic James, Mike D Hughes, Janez Perš, Rok Mandeljc, Goran Vučković
The physical demands and rally characteristics of elite-standard men's squash have not been well documented since recent rule changes (scoring and tin height). This information is needed to design optimal training drills for physical conditioning provided here based on an analysis of movement and shot information. Matches at the 2010 (n = 14) and 2011 (n = 27) Rowe British Grand Prix were analysed. Rallies were split into four ball-in-play duration categories using the 25th (short), 75th (medium), 95th percentiles (long) and maximum values...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Chryssoula Staikou, Panagiotis Kokotis, Andreas Kyrozis, Demetrios Rallis, George Makrydakis, Dimitra Manoli, Nikolaos Karandreas, Elefterios Stamboulis, Christos Moschovos, Argyro Fassoulaki
OBJECTIVE: We investigated differences in pain perception between men and women of reproductive age by using Laser-Evoked Potentials (LEPs). DESIGN, SETTING, SUBJECTS: Forty-four right-handed healthy volunteers (19 males/25 females), aged 30-40 years were studied. A CO2 laser generated three series of 10 thermal pulses (4.5 W) on the radial aspect of the dorsum of the left hand. A recording montage for late LEPs was used, and the potentials of each series of stimuli were averaged to calculate mean latency and amplitude for each subject...
July 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ariane Brault, Charalampos Rallis, Vincent Normant, Jean-Michel Garant, Jürg Bähler, Simon Labbé
Meiosis is essential for sexually reproducing organisms, including the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe In meiosis, chromosomes replicate once in a diploid precursor cell (zygote), and then segregate twice to generate four haploid meiotic products, named spores in yeast. In S. pombe, Php4 is responsible for the transcriptional repression capability of the heteromeric CCAAT-binding factor to negatively regulate genes encoding iron-using proteins under low-iron conditions. Here, we show that the CCAAT-regulatory subunit Php4 is required for normal progression of meiosis under iron-limiting conditions...
October 13, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
M D Hellmann, B T Li, J E Chaft, M G Kris
Molecularly targeted and immunotherapies have improved the care of patients with lung cancers. These successes have rallied calls to replace or avoid chemotherapy. Yet, even in this era of precision medicine and exciting advances, cytotoxic chemotherapies remain an essential component of lung cancer treatment. In the setting of locoregional disease, chemotherapy is the only systemic therapy thus far proven to enhance curability when combined with surgery or radiation. In the metastatic setting, chemotherapy can improve the length and quality of life in many patients...
October 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Chaiyaporn Yuksen, Sorravit Sawatmongkornkul, Jarupol Tuangsirisup, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, Yuwares Sittichanbuncha
BACKGROUND: Non-traumatic cardiac arrest is a fatal emergency condition. Its survival rate and outcomes may be better with quick and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Telemedicine such as telephone or real time video has been shown to improve chest compression procedures. There are limited data on the effects of telemedicine in cardiac arrest situations in the literature particularly in Asian settings. METHODS: This study was conducted by using two simulated cardiac arrest stations during the 2014 annual Thai national conference in emergency medicine...
2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
R Taylor Williamson, Joshua Rodd
BACKGROUND: Civil society organizations (CSOs) are often assumed to be institutions that facilitate communication between citizens and policymakers. However, CSO advocacy is only as effective as the space allowed by government, the resources available from funders, and their own internal capacity. This article presents findings from a study in Nigeria that explores the advocacy and service delivery roles of CSOs working in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention and mitigation. We will argue that donor and government treatment of civil society as service delivery organizations, rather than as organizations that participate in democratic norms, have shaped how civil society organizations work to mitigate and prevent HIV...
2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Tennessee Medicine: Journal of the Tennessee Medical Association
(no author information available yet)
1 Dame Vivienne Westwood spoke to hundreds of protesters at a rally outside the Department of Health in London. The event followed a march to protest against government proposals to get rid of the NHS bursary for nursing students from 2017. Read more
June 15, 2016: Nursing Standard
F C Fragkou, K K Adamama-Moraitou, T Poutahidis, N N Prassinos, M Kritsepi-Konstantinou, P G Xenoulis, J M Steiner, J A Lidbury, J S Suchodolski, T S Rallis
BACKGROUND: The term triaditis designates the concurrent presence of idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), cholangitis, and pancreatitis in cats. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: The histopathology of concurrent, but often subclinical, inflammatory processes in the small intestine, liver, and pancreas of cats is poorly described. We aimed to investigate the frequency of enteritis, cholangitis, pancreatitis, or some combination of these in symptomatic and asymptomatic cats, compare clinicopathological features, and correlate histopathological with laboratory findings...
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Evelyne de Leeuw
Recently a number of calls have been made to mobilise the arsenal of political science insights to investigate - and point to improvements in - the social determinants of health (SDH), and health equity. Recently, in this journal, such a rallying appeal was made for the field of public administration. This commentary argues that, although scholarly potential should justifiably be redirected to resolve these critical issues for humanity, a key ingredient in taking action may have been neglected. This factor is 'community...
2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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