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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932005/estimating-community-level-costs-of-preterm-birth
#1
E S Hall, J M Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: To develop generalizable methods for estimating the economic impact of preterm birth at the community level on initial hospital expenditures, educational attainment and lost earnings as well as to estimate potential savings associated with reductions in preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: The retrospective, population-based analysis used vital statistics and population demographics from Hamilton County, Ohio, USA, in 2012. METHODS: We adjusted previously reported, mean initial hospital cost estimates (stratified by each week of gestation) to 2012 dollars using national cost-to-charge ratios...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920373/human-influences-on-evolution-and-the-ecological-and-societal-consequences
#2
Andrew P Hendry, Kiyoko M Gotanda, Erik I Svensson
Humans have dramatic, diverse and far-reaching influences on the evolution of other organisms. Numerous examples of this human-induced contemporary evolution have been reported in a number of 'contexts', including hunting, harvesting, fishing, agriculture, medicine, climate change, pollution, eutrophication, urbanization, habitat fragmentation, biological invasions and emerging/disappearing diseases. Although numerous papers, journal special issues and books have addressed each of these contexts individually, the time has come to consider them together and thereby seek important similarities and differences...
January 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910035/self-care-as-a-professional-imperative-physician-burnout-depression-and-suicide
#3
Catherine M Kuhn, Ellen M Flanagan
PURPOSE: Burnout has been identified in approximately half of all practicing physicians, including anesthesiologists. In this narrative review, the relationship between burnout, depression, and suicide is explored, with particular attention to the anesthesiologist. Throughout this review, we highlight our professional imperative regarding this epidemic. SOURCE: The authors searched the existing English language literature via PubMed from 1986 until present using the search terms physician burnout, depression, and suicide, with particular attention to studies regarding anesthesiologists and strategies to address these problems...
December 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905867/effects-of-lawn-tennis-association-mini-tennis-as-task-constraints-on-children-s-match-play-characteristics
#4
Anna Fitzpatrick, Keith Davids, Joseph Antony Stone
The Lawn Tennis Association's mini tennis (MT) is a modified version of tennis consisting of progressive stages; however, there have been few attempts to evaluate how MT might shape performance behaviours. Here, we examine effects of playing MT on the emergence of children's match-play behaviours in 48 junior tennis players. Performance in 1010 match-play points were filmed and coded across 4 tennis stages (MT Red, MT Orange, MT Green and Full Ball), using a notational analysis system. Recorded performance variables included rally length, first serve percentage and shot type, for the purpose of analysing inter-stage comparisons...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902505/rallying-the-troops-how-sharing-knowledge-with-grandparents-supports-the-family-of-the-preterm-infant-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Anne Brødsgaard, Theresa Helth, Bente Lund Andersen, Mette Petersen
BACKGROUND: Research concludes that there is a need for educational programs for grandmothers, as well as networking opportunities; educational programs for other extended family members have long been sought by parents, relatives, and nurses in neonatal intensive care unit. PURPOSE: To describe the effect of having premature infants' extended families participating in family-centered care (FCC) groups in the neonatal intensive care unit. An intervention based on dialogue, including topics as own reactions, general knowledge about the premature infants, parenthood, and how the extended families can support the new families during hospitalization and after discharge...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899216/poisoning-suicide-with-ingestion-of-the-pyrethroids-alpha-cypermethrin-and-deltamethrin-and-the-antidepressant-mirtazapine-a-case-report
#6
Vassiliki A Boumba, Georgios N Rallis, Theodore Vougiouklakis
This case report describes a death attributed to the intake of the pyrethroid insecticides, alpha-cypermethrin and deltamethrin, and the antidepressant mirtazapine. The autopsy findings showed absence of external traumatic injuries and internal generalized visceral congestion, edema and cyanosis. The toxicological results revealed the presence of a toxic concentration of mirtazapine (12.5mg/L and 10.7mg/L in blood and urine, respectively) and high concentrations of pyrethroids (2.46mg/L alpha-cypermethrin and 2...
November 22, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896175/congenital-cecal-duplication-cyst-mimicking-as-intramural-mass
#7
Kamal Nain Rattan, Sunita Singh, Shruti Bansal, Megha Ralli, Ritika Vashisht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890096/entrance-and-exit-wounds-of-high-velocity-bullet-an-autopsy-analysis-in-the-event-of-dispersing-the-mass-rally-in-bangkok-thailand-may-2010
#8
Vichan Peonim, Smith Srisont, Jitta Udnoon, Sompong Wongwichai, Arisa Thapon, Wisarn Worasuwannarak
Fatal mass casualties by high velocity bullets (HVBs) are rare events in peaceful countries. This study presents 27 forensic autopsy cases with 32 shots fired by 5.56×45mm. HVB (M-16 rifle bullets) during the dispersing the mass rally in Bangkok Thailand, May 2010. It was found that twenty-three (71.88%) typical entrance HVB wounds had round sizes less than the bullet diameters. Most entrance wounds had microtears but no collar abrasion since a HVB has a small streamlined spitzer tip and full metal jacket...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887640/functional-and-regulatory-profiling-of-energy-metabolism-in-fission-yeast
#9
Michal Malecki, Danny A Bitton, Maria Rodríguez-López, Charalampos Rallis, Noelia Garcia Calavia, Graeme C Smith, Jürg Bähler
BACKGROUND: The control of energy metabolism is fundamental for cell growth and function and anomalies in it are implicated in complex diseases and ageing. Metabolism in yeast cells can be manipulated by supplying different carbon sources: yeast grown on glucose rapidly proliferates by fermentation, analogous to tumour cells growing by aerobic glycolysis, whereas on non-fermentable carbon sources metabolism shifts towards respiration. RESULTS: We screened deletion libraries of fission yeast to identify over 200 genes required for respiratory growth...
November 25, 2016: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849444/improved-executive-functions-in-6-12-year-old-children-following-cognitively-engaging-tennis-lessons
#10
Toru Ishihara, Shigemi Sugasawa, Yusuke Matsuda, Masao Mizuno
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationships between cognitively engaging exercise (i.e., game-based and coordination exercises), executive functions (i.e., inhibitory control and working memory), and physical fitness. Forty junior tennis players (6-12 years old), who regularly participated in tennis lessons (2.55 years, SD = 1.61) prior to the study, were investigated. All participants completed evaluations of executive functions (inhibitory control and working memory) at rest...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834570/evolution-of-game-s-demands-from-young-to-elite-players-in-men-s-volleyball
#11
Antonio García-de-Alcaraz Serrano, David Valadés, José M Palao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the evolution of the game's demands throughout players' development in men's volleyball. METHODS: A total of 150 sets and 6.671 rallies were analysed. The sample was composed of 30 sets each by under-14, under-16, under-19, national senior, and international senior teams (1.291, 1.318, 1.310, 1.372 and 1.380 rallies for each category, respectively). Sets included in the sample were stratified and then randomly selected...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834304/relationship-between-hearing-function-and-myasthenia-gravis-a-contemporary-review
#12
Massimo Ralli, Giancarlo Altissimi, Arianna Di Stadio, Filippo Mazzei, Rosaria Turchetta, Giancarlo Cianfrone
There is increasing evidence of a connection between hearing function and myasthenia gravis (MG). Studies of the pathophysiological basis of this relationship suggest that acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) on outer hair cells (OHCs) play a central role. In patients with MG, autoantibodies against AChRs induce a progressive loss of AChRs on OHCs, decreasing their electromotility. The stapedial reflex decay test can be altered in MG patients, and can be used as an additional tool for diagnosis and monitoring. Transient evoked and distortion product otoacoustic emissions are the main diagnostic tool for monitoring OHC functionality in MG patients, and can be used to record subclinical hearing alterations before the onset of clinically evident hearing loss...
November 10, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814451/community-adaptations-to-an-impending-food-desert-in-rural-appalachia-usa
#13
Wayne C Miller, Denver Rogalla, Dustin Spencer, Nida Zia, Brian N Griffith, Haylee B Heinsberg
INTRODUCTION: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) describes a food desert as an urban neighborhood or rural town without ready access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food. An estimated 2.3 million rural Americans live in food deserts. One goal of the USDA is to eliminate food deserts. However, at a time when some food deserts are being eliminated, hundreds of grocery stores are closing, causing other food deserts to arise. The literature is scarce on how a community adapts to an impending food desert...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806093/early-warning-signals-of-financial-crises-with-multi-scale-quantile-regressions-of-log-periodic-power-law-singularities
#14
Qun Zhang, Qunzhi Zhang, Didier Sornette
We augment the existing literature using the Log-Periodic Power Law Singular (LPPLS) structures in the log-price dynamics to diagnose financial bubbles by providing three main innovations. First, we introduce the quantile regression to the LPPLS detection problem. This allows us to disentangle (at least partially) the genuine LPPLS signal and the a priori unknown complicated residuals. Second, we propose to combine the many quantile regressions with a multi-scale analysis, which aggregates and consolidates the obtained ensembles of scenarios...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788407/determination-of-clozapine-and-five-antidepressants-in-human-plasma-serum-and-whole-blood-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-a-simple-tool-for-clinical-and-postmortem-toxicological-analysis
#15
Vassiliki A Boumba, George Rallis, Petros Petrikis, Theodore Vougiouklakis, Venetsanos Mavreas
In this study, we describe a simple and rapid method for the determination of the antipsychotic drug clozapine and five commonly co-administered antidepressants - bupropion, mirtazapine, sertraline, clomipramine and citalopram - in serum, plasma and whole blood. Sample preparation includes solid phase extraction of analytes and determination of drug concentrations by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry without any derivatization steps. The method was fully validated according to international criteria and can be successfully applied for routine analyses...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785793/prevalence-of-obesity-and-owners-perceptions-of-body-condition-in-pleasure-horses-and-ponies-in-south-eastern-australia
#16
S J Potter, N J Bamford, P A Harris, S R Bailey
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of obesity within a population of pleasure horses and ponies in Victoria, Australia, and to compare owners' perceptions of their animals' body condition with researchers' assessments. DESIGN: An observational study plus owner questionnaire. METHODS: Ten Pony Club rallies in different regions of Victoria were attended. Information regarding 229 horses and ponies were obtained from owner questionnaires, and owners' perceptions of the current body condition of their animals were assessed using a visual analogue scale...
November 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782956/predictive-value-of-hrt-stereometric-parameters-and-blue-on-yellow-perimetry-global-indices-in-glaucoma-suspected-subjects
#17
Konstantinos Rallis, George D Kymionis, Ilias Georgalas, Marilita M Moschos, Chryssanthi Koutsandrea, Michael A Grentzelos, Dimitris Papaconstantinou
OBJECTIVE: To determine subtle changes of Heidelberg retina tomography (HRT) stereometric parameters and blue-on-yellow (B/Y) perimetry global indices for the early diagnosis of glaucoma in suspected subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 174 eyes of 87 subjects from a larger cohort, attending the Glaucoma Department of the "G. Gennimatas" General Hospital of Athens from January 2004 to February 2014, were used in the study. Subjects were assigned to 3 groups: (a) "normals" not requiring treatment throughout the study (group 1), (b) suspects who developed glaucoma and required treatment during the study (group 2), and (c) patients with incipient glaucoma (group 3)...
December 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771640/role-of-social-mobilization-network-in-polio-eradication-in-india
#18
Anisur Rahman Siddique, Prem Singh, Geetali Trivedi
In 2009, India contributed to over half the global cases of poliomyelitis. Many believed that India would be the last country to be polio free. India proved them wrong and was certified polio free in 2014. In January 2016, India celebrated 5 years of being polio free. One of the major reasons behind the interruption of polio transmission in the Polio endemic states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar was the deployment of Social Mobilization Network (SMNet). A three tiered structure, the 7300 strong SMNet is now the gold standard in public health communication...
August 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746958/stenting-or-bypass-surgery-for-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-still-a-long-rally-to-go
#19
COMMENT
Tzu-Hsien Tsai, Cheng-I Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712582/spotsizer-high-throughput-quantitative-analysis-of-microbial-growth
#20
Leanne Bischof, Martin Převorovský, Charalampos Rallis, Daniel C Jeffares, Yulia Arzhaeva, Jürg Bähler
Microbial colony growth can serve as a useful readout in assays for studying complex genetic interactions or the effects of chemical compounds. Although computational tools for acquiring quantitative measurements of microbial colonies have been developed, their utility can be compromised by inflexible input image requirements, non-trivial installation procedures, or complicated operation. Here, we present the Spotsizer software tool for automated colony size measurements in images of robotically arrayed microbial colonies...
October 1, 2016: BioTechniques
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