Read by QxMD icon Read

"Daily physical activity" and "copd"

Claudine Fabre, Baptiste Chehere, Frédéric Bart, Patrick Mucci, Benoit Wallaert, Jean Marie Grosbois
BACKGROUND: It has been scientifically proven that pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise tolerance and facilitates the carrying out of daily physical activities. To optimize the physical and physiological benefits, it is necessary to individualize the training intensity for each patient. The aim of this study is to compare the heart rate (HR) responses to three exercise modalities measuring aerobic fitness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, in order to easily prescribe individual target HRs for endurance training...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Masakazu Ichinose, Yoshiaki Minakata, Takashi Motegi, Jun Ueki, Tetsuo Seki, Tatsuhiko Anzai, Ayako Takizawa, Lars Grönke, Kazuto Hirata
INTRODUCTION: The superiority of tiotropium/olodaterol is demonstrated in improvement of lung function, dyspnea, lung hyperinflation, and quality of life compared with either monotherapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Japanese Respiratory Society Guidelines for COPD management include improvement of exercise tolerance and daily physical activity as the treatment goals; however, there is limited evidence in Japanese patients with COPD. METHODS: A protocol is developed for the VESUTO(®) study that investigates the efficacy of tiotropium/olodaterol fixed-dose combination (FDC) compared with tiotropium alone on inspiratory capacity (IC, volume from functional residual capacity to total lung capacity), exercise capacity, and daily physical activity in Japanese patients with COPD...
May 23, 2017: Advances in Therapy
J Alberto Neder, Danilo C Berton, Paulo de Tarso Müller, Amany F Elbehairy, Alcides Rocha, Paolo Palange, Denis E O'Donnell
Exertional dyspnea is present across the spectrum of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity. However, without realizing it themselves, patients may decrease daily physical activity to avoid distressing respiratory sensations. Dyspnea also may be associated with deconditioning. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing can uncover exertional dyspnea and its physiological determinants in patients with preserved or only mildly-reduced FEV1. Dyspnea in mild COPD can largely be explained by increased "wasted" ventilation in the physiological dead space which heightens the drive to breathe and worsens the inspiratory mechanical constraints...
March 27, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Vijay Tukaram Salve, Jitesh S Atram
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life is adversely affected in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), due to irreversible, progressive nature of the disease and limitations of current treatment options available. One of the important aim of treatment of COPD is to improve Quality of Life (QoL). Cigarette smoke contains numerous free radicals and other oxidants. Oxidative stress has been implicated in pathogenesis, progression of disease and exacerbation in COPD. Pulmonary tuberculosis, outdoor and indoor air pollution and many others are aetiologies of COPD in non-smokers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Anna Rodó-Pin, Ana Balañá, Lluís Molina, Joaquim Gea, Diego A Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD guideline) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease does not adequately reflect the impact of the disease because does not take into account daily physical activity (DPA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty eight patients (12 in each GOLD group) were prospectively recruited. DPA was evaluated by accelerometer. Patients were classified into 3 levels of activity (very inactive, sedentary, active)...
February 9, 2017: Medicina Clínica
Helen Laura Cameron-Tucker, Richard Wood-Baker, Lyn Joseph, Julia A Walters, Natalie Schüz, E Haydn Walters
PURPOSE: With the limited reach of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and low levels of daily physical activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a need exists to increase daily exercise. This study evaluated telephone health-mentoring targeting home-based walking (tele-rehab) compared to usual waiting time (usual care) followed by group PR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: People with COPD were randomized to tele-rehab (intervention) or usual care (controls). Tele-rehab delivered by trained nurse health-mentors supported participants' home-based walking over 8-12 weeks...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Henrik Watz, Claudia Mailänder, Monika Baier, Anne Kirsten
BACKGROUND: Physical activity limitation is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and is associated with worse health status, and increased hospitalisation and mortality. Long-acting bronchodilators, either alone or in combination, have been shown to improve exercise intolerance. However, none of these studies were designed with physical activity as primary outcome. This study assessed the effect of indacaterol/glycopyrronium fixed dose combination (IND/GLY) 110/50 μg once daily (OD) versus placebo on lung hyperinflation (inspiratory capacity [IC]) and physical activity in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD...
June 14, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Jean Bourbeau, Kim L Lavoie, Maria Sedeno, Dorothy De Sousa, Damijan Erzen, Alan Hamilton, François Maltais, Thierry Troosters, Nancy Leidy
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is generally progressive and associated with reduced physical activity. Both pharmacological therapy and exercise training can improve exercise capacity; however, these are often not sufficient to change the amount of daily physical activity a patient undertakes. Behaviour-change self-management programmes are designed to address this, including setting motivational goals and providing social support. We present and discuss the necessary methodological considerations when integrating behaviour-change interventions into a multicentre study...
April 4, 2016: BMJ Open
Sigrid Nw Vorrink, Helianthe Sm Kort, Thierry Troosters, Jan-Willem J Lammers
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) demonstrate reduced levels of daily physical activity (DPA) compared to healthy controls. This results in a higher risk of hospital admission and shorter survival. Performing regular DPA reduces these risks. OBJECTIVE: To develop an eHealth intervention that will support patients with COPD to improve or maintain their DPA after pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: The design process consisted of literature research and the iterative developing and piloting phases of the Medical Research Council (MRC) model for complex clinical interventions and the involvement of end users...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
David B Coultas, Bradford E Jackson, Rennie Russo, Jennifer Peoples, John Sloan, Karan P Singh, Jamile Ashmore, Steven N Blair, Minyong Uhm, Sejong Bae
RATIONALE: Physical inactivity is associated with poor outcomes among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine effectiveness of a behavioral intervention intended to increase daily physical activity with the goal of improving health-related quality of life and functional performance. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial among patients with COPD cared for in primary care and pulmonary clinics...
May 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Chris Burtin, Daniel Langer, Hans van Remoortel, Heleen Demeyer, Rik Gosselink, Marc Decramer, Fabienne Dobbels, Wim Janssens, Thierry Troosters
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs only modestly enhance daily physical activity levels in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This randomised controlled trial investigates the additional effect of an individual activity counselling program during pulmonary rehabilitation on physical activity levels in patients with moderate to very severe COPD. METHODS: Eighty patients (66 ± 7 years, 81% male, forced expiratory volume in 1 second 45 ± 16% of predicted) referred for a six-month multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation program were randomised...
2015: PloS One
Fabiano Di Marco, Pierachille Santus, Giovanni Sotgiu, Francesco Blasi, Stefano Centanni
In COPD patients a reduced daily activity has been well documented, resulting from both respiratory and non-respiratory manifestations of the disease. An evaluation by multisensory armband has confirmed that daily physical activity is mainly associated with dynamic hyperinflation, regardless of COPD severity. This aspect is crucial, since exercise capacity is closely correlated to life expectancy. Notwithstanding the causal key role of lung impairment in the patient's symptoms, some authors have suggested that other factors, such as systemic inflammation and co-morbidities, have an important role, particularly as mortality risk factors...
2015: COPD
Wen-Te Liu, Han-Pin Kuo, Tien-Hua Liao, Ling-Ling Chiang, Li-Fei Chen, Min-Fang Hsu, Hsiao-Chi Chuang, Kang-Yun Lee, Chien-Da Huang, Shu-Chuan Ho
COPD patients have an increased prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) compared with healthy people. Physical inactivity in COPD patients is a crucial risk factor for OP; the COPD assessment test (CAT) is the newest assessment tool for the health status and daily activities of COPD patients. This study investigated the relationship among daily physical activity (DPA), CAT scores, and bone mineral density (BMD) in COPD patients with or without OP. This study included 30 participants. Ambulatory DPA was measured using actigraphy and oxygen saturation by using a pulse oximeter...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Zafeiris Louvaris, Ioannis Vogiatzis
EDUCATIONAL AIMS: To illustrate the common mechanisms limiting exercise tolerance in patients with chronic lung and heart diseaseTo highlight the impact of lung and heart disease on daily physical activity levelsTo outline the effects of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation on functional capacity in patients with chronic lung and heart diseaseTo discuss an innovative tele-rehabilitation intervention using information and communications technologies to improve functional capacity in patients with chronic lung and heart disease...
June 2015: Breathe
Yoshiaki Minakata, Yukiko Morishita, Tomohiro Ichikawa, Keiichiro Akamatsu, Tsunahiko Hirano, Masanori Nakanishi, Kazuto Matsunaga, Masakazu Ichinose
BACKGROUND: Improvement in the daily physical activity (PA) is important for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the effects of pharmacologic treatment on PA are not well understood. We evaluated the effects of additional medications, including bronchodilator with or without inhaled corticosteroid, based on airflow limitation and breathlessness on the PA in COPD patients and the factors that could predict or affect the improvement in PA. METHODS: A prospective non-randomized observational study was employed...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Benjamin Waschki, Anne M Kirsten, Olaf Holz, Kai-Christian Mueller, Miriam Schaper, Anna-Lena Sack, Thorsten Meyer, Klaus F Rabe, Helgo Magnussen, Henrik Watz
RATIONALE: Little is known about the role of physical activity in the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To assess changes in physical activity in COPD in relation to severity stages and changes in other disease components, and to evaluate the longitudinal association between sustained physical inactivity and disease progression. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we measured physical activity (multisensory armband), airflow obstruction (FEV1), health status (St...
August 1, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Philippe Gagnon, Richard Casaburi, Didier Saey, Janos Porszasz, Steeve Provencher, Julie Milot, Jean Bourbeau, Denis E O'Donnell, François Maltais
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that heterogeneity exists within the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 1 spirometric category and that different subgroups could be identified within this GOLD category. METHODS: Pre-randomization study participants from two clinical trials were symptomatic/asymptomatic GOLD 1 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and healthy controls. A hierarchical cluster analysis used pre-randomization demographics, symptom scores, lung function, peak exercise response and daily physical activity levels to derive population subgroups...
2015: PloS One
D Delample, É Chavignay, C Prefaut
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to investigate whether exclusive home-based training was feasible and effective in COPD patients and if patients have a persistent improvement in their level of physical activity after this intervention. METHODS: One hundred COPD patients (FEV1=42.6% predicted) first underwent 25 weekly sessions of supervised cycle ergometry training, followed by one year of monthly supervised follow-up. Six minutes walking test, endurance test, BODE index and activity monitoring were performed before, after and one year after inclusion...
November 2015: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Yu Nishijima, Seigo Minami, Suguru Yamamoto, Yoshitaka Ogata, Taro Koba, Shinji Futami, Kiyoshi Komuta
BACKGROUND: Indacaterol, a once-daily, long-acting β2-agonist, may improve not only respiratory function, dyspnea symptoms, and quality of life, but also physical activity for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 12-week indacaterol therapy on daytime physical activity in patients with untreated COPD. METHODS: The subjects were stable and untreated COPD outpatients with a percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (%FEV1) below 80%...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Michael T Durheim, Patrick J Smith, Michael A Babyak, Stephanie K Mabe, Tereza Martinu, Karen E Welty-Wolf, Charles F Emery, Scott M Palmer, James A Blumenthal
RATIONALE: The 2011 combined Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) assessment incorporates symptoms, exacerbation history, and spirometry in discriminating risk of exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Six-minute-walk distance (6MWD) and accelerometry also have been used to assess disease severity in COPD. The association between these measures and the risks of hospitalization and mortality in the context of GOLD 2011 is unknown...
March 2015: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"