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Naglaa A Mostafa, Magda Assaf, Sami Elhakim, Mona R E Abdel-Halim, Eman El-Nabarawy, Khaled Ghareeb
BACKGROUND: The distinction of trichoepithelioma from basal cell carcinoma in small superficial biopsies is important but often challenging. This has inspired many scientists to test the validity of immunohistochemical markers in the differential diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: to develop an immunohistochemical protocol that helps in differentiation between both TE and BCC with higher sensitivity and specificity. METHODS: Using standard immunohistochemical techniques, we examined 10 TEs and 19 BCCs for the expression of CK19, Ki67, Androgen receptors (AR), CD10, and PHLDA1...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Mojtaba Ameli, Mohaddeseh Sadat Hashemi, Maryam Moghimian, Majid Shokoohi
OBJECTIVE: This study used a rat model to investigate the protective effect of tadalafil and verapamil on testicular function and oxidative stress after torsion/detorsion. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Animals were randomly divided into five groups: G1, Sham group; G2, testicular torsion followed by detorsion (TD); G3, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/4 mg/kg of tadalafil (TDT); G4, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/1 mg/kg of verapamil (TDV); and G5, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/1 mg/kg of verapamil and 0/4 mg/kg of tadalafil (TDTV)...
June 19, 2018: Andrologia
Karina P Abrahao, David M Lovinger
KEY POINTS: Classifying different subtypes of neurons in deep brain structures is a challenge and is crucial to better understanding brain function. Understanding the diversity of neurons in the Globus Pallidus, a brain region positioned to influence afferent and efferent information processing within basal ganglia, could help to explain a variety of brain functions. We present a classification of neurons from the GP using electrophysiological data from wild type mice and confirmation using transgenic mice...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Physiology
K Wang, R Meng, H Zhang, B-C Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of kir6.2 subunit of the sarcKATP channel in exercise-induced myocardial injury and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of myocardial protection by sarcKATP channels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy male Sprague Dawley(SD) rats were divided into the Control (C) and the Exhaustive Exercise (EE) group. The one-time exhaustive exercise-induced myocardial injury model was established on a treadmill at a speed of 35 m/min. Alterations in myocardial ischemia and hypoxia were examined by hematoxylin-basic fuchsin-picric acid (HBFP) staining and the concentration of cardiac Troponin I (cTnl), a sensitive and specific marker for myocardial injury, was detected using immunochemiluminescence analysis...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
A Atici, S Emet, R Cakmak, G Yuruyen, A Alibeyoglu, M Akarsu, Y Arman, M Kose, E Ozgun, M Ozcan, O Altun, I Onur, T Tukek
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is an acute renal failure in patients with acute decompensated heart failure with an incidence of 24% to 45%. The aim of our study was to investigate the significance of new renal biomarkers to predict type 1 CRS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 111 patients with acute decompensated heart failure diagnosed at the Istanbul Medical Faculty Emergency Department between 2014 and 2016, and 24 healthy volunteers. All urine samples were stored at -80°C after centrifugation...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
W-B Yang, W-P Zhang, J-L Shi, J-W Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate clinical significances and biological roles of miR-4299 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expression of miR-4299 in NSCLC tissues and matched non-tumor tissues was determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The correlations between miR-4299 expression and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis were also analyzed. MTT assay and Transwell assay were performed to determine the proliferation, migration and invasion...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
L-Q Li, D Pan, S-W Zhang, D -Y-Xie, X-L Zheng, H Chen
OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in East Asia. Increasing evidence has revealed that autophagy is closely associated with tumor initiation and progression. The present work aimed to investigate the role of autophagy in adjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gastric cancer stem cells (CSCs) were isolated from gastric cancer cell lines using the cell surface markers CD44 and CD54 and cultured in a three-dimensional cell culture system...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
X-L Gao, M-G Cao, G-G Ai, Y-B Hu
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of microRNA-98 (miR-98) on osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We predicted target gene of miR-98 with software test, and detected expression changes of miR-98, as well as its target gene HMGA2, in the process of osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. After transfection of miR-98 mimic and HMGA2 siRNA, we induced osteogenic differentiation and detected expression changes of osteogenic differentiation markers (RUNX2, ALP, OCN, and BSP)...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
J-B Ge, J-T Lin, H-Y Hong, Y-J Sun, Y Li, C-M Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether miR-374b can promote the differentiation of MSCs into osteoblasts by mediating PTEN, thus promoting fracture healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary cultured mouse mesenchymal stem cells were obtained for following experiments. Flow cytometry was used to determine the expression of MSCs surface antigens to identify the purity. Alizarin red staining was used to detect whether MSCs could differentiate into osteoblasts. QRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of osteogenic marker genes as well as miR-374b and PTEN in bone marrow-derived MSCs from fractured mice model...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
H-O Chen, L Zhang, Z-Y Tang, Z-M Gong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether microRNA-485-5p (miR-485-5p) can participate in osteoarthritis by inhibiting chondrogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and promoting the secretion of inflammatory factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMSCs were obtained from mouse bone marrow samples and identified by flow cytometry. The expression of specific genes and miR-485-5p in the differentiation of BMSCs was detected by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Hirosumi Tamura, Arisa Higa, Hirotaka Hoshi, Gen Hiyama, Nobuhiko Takahashi, Masae Ryufuku, Gaku Morisawa, Yuka Yanagisawa, Emi Ito, Jun-Ichi Imai, Yuu Dobashi, Kiyoaki Katahira, Shu Soeda, Takafumi Watanabe, Keiya Fujimori, Shinya Watanabe, Motoki Takagi
Patient-derived tumor xenograft models represent a promising preclinical cancer model that better replicates disease, compared with traditional cell culture; however, their use is low-throughput and costly. To overcome this limitation, patient-derived tumor organoids (PDOs) were established from human lung, ovarian and uterine tumor tissues, among others, to accurately and efficiently recapitulate the tissue architecture and function. PDOs were able to be cultured for >6 months, and formed cell clusters with similar morphologies to their source tumors...
June 18, 2018: Oncology Reports
Yuanyuan Wang, Xiangde Lin, Xinghao Fu, Wei Yan, Fusheng Lin, Penghao Kuang, Yezhe Luo, Ende Lin, Xiaoquan Hong, Guoyang Wu
Thyroid cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors of the endocrine system. Among all thyroid cancers, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type. The BRAF-activated non-coding RNA (BANCR) is a 693-bp nucleotide transcript which was first identified in melanoma. However, the role of BANCR in the development of thyroid cancer remains unclear. Therefore, the present study investigated the potential involvement of BANCR in the development of thyroid cancer in vitro using patient tissue samples and a panel of thyroid cancer cell lines, and in vivo using a xenograft mouse model...
June 18, 2018: Oncology Reports
Ami Schattner
We review the prevalence, predictability, prognosis, and preventability of atrial fibrillation and associated cardiogenic brain embolism, focusing on 'silent' subclinical atrial fibrillation (SCAF) which is very common in the elderly, and associated with significantly increased risk of stroke and cardiovascular mortality. The current paradigm treats atrial fibrillation once discovered by its symptoms, complications (stroke) or by chance, and screening recommendations are limited to opportunistic pulse palpation...
June 18, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Irma Y Amaya-Larios, Mario Rojas-Russell, Malaquias López-Cervantes, Lilia Castro-Porras, Ma Victoria Castro-Borbonio, Elsa Sarti, Esteban Puentes-Rosas, Laura L Tirado-Gómez, Gustavo Olaíz-Fernandez, José Ramos-Castañeda
Background: Dengue is the most important arboviral disease in the world. Seroprevalence has been proposed as a marker of endemicity, however, studies are scarce. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, stratified cluster, random sample study to measure the seroprevalence of antibodies to dengue virus (DENV) in Mexico. The target population was school children ages 6-17 y from 22 endemic states in Mexico, clustered in four regions: Pacific, South-Central, Southeast and Low...
June 16, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Monica S M Persson, Aliya Sarmanova, Michael Doherty, Weiya Zhang
Objectives: The role of inflammation in OA is controversial and it is unclear whether suppressing inflammation with conventional or biologic DMARDs is effective. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to compare DMARDs with placebo in participants with symptomatic OA. Methods: Databases (Medline, Embase, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Web of Science and Cochrane Library), conference abstracts and ClinicalTrials...
June 16, 2018: Rheumatology
Christine Wyss, Desmond H Y Tse, Frank Boers, Jon Shah N, Irene Neuner, Wolfram Kawohl
Loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEP) is a widely used electroencephalography (EEG) based biomarker for central serotonergic activity. Serotonin has been shown to be associated with different psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. Despite its clinical significance, the underlying neurochemical mechanism of this promising marker is not fully understood and further research is needed to improve its validity. Other neurotransmitters might have a significant impact on this measure...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Hanne Hauger, Christian Mølgaard, Charlotte Mortensen, Christian Ritz, Hanne Frøkiær, Taryn J Smith, Kathryn Hart, Susan A Lanham-New, Camilla T Damsgaard
Background: Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] has been associated with unfavorable cardiometabolic risk profiles in many observational studies in children, but very few randomized controlled trials have investigated this. Objective: We explored the effect of winter-time cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) supplementation on cardiometabolic risk markers in young, white, 4- to 8-y-old healthy Danish children (55°N) as part of the pan-European ODIN project. Methods: In the ODIN Junior double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-response trial, 119 children (mean ± SD age: 6...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Nancye May Peel, Linson John Alapatt, Lee Vanessa Jones, Ruth Eleanor Hubbard
Background: Gait speed and cognitive performance tend to decline with age. A better understanding of the dynamics of the association between gait speed and cognitive status may identify preclinical markers and improve diagnostic assessments. The objective was to quantify the association between gait speed and cognitive status in later life. Methods: A systematic search was undertaken of relevant databases for original articles published prior to June 2017, measuring the association between gait speed and cognition cross-sectionally or longitudinally among the community-dwelling population...
June 18, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Polly Fu, Carolyn J Gibson, Wendy Berry Mendes, Michael Schembri, Alison J Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine whether anxiety and depressive symptoms are associated with an adverse cardiac autonomic profile among midlife women with hot flashes. METHODS: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were evaluated by validated self-administered questionnaires among peri- and postmenopausal women in a randomized trial of slow-paced respiration for hot flashes. Pre-ejection period (PEP), a marker of sympathetic activation, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a marker of parasympathetic activation, were measured at baseline and 12 weeks using impedance cardiography and electocardiography...
June 18, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Hongxi Wang, Minggang Su, Futao Cui, Xia Wu, Rong Tian
We report an unusual case of uterine corpus metastasis from rectal adenocarcinoma detected using F-FDG PET/CT. A 47-year-old woman was diagnosed with rectal adenocarcinoma and treated with surgery and radiochemotherapy 3 years ago. During follow-up, she presented with lower abdomen pain and elevated tumor markers, but ultrasonography findings were unremarkable. We performed an F-FDG PET/CT scan, which showed intense F-FDG avidity in the myometrium of the uterine corpus. Uterine corpus metastasis was suspected, and complementary MRI and diagnostic curettage histopathology confirmed uterine metastasis from rectal adenocarcinoma...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
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