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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776914/combining-variables-for-cancer-risk-estimation-is-the-sum-better-than-the-parts
#1
EDITORIAL
Christine M Friedenreich, Anne McTiernan
Examining joint exposures of modifiable breast cancer risk factors may provide advantages over individual exposure-disease association analyses. Using the Healthy Lifestyle Index, Arthur and colleagues analyzed the joint impacts of diet, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, and obesity on breast cancer risk, and subtypes, in postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative. The analysis provides data for population-attributable risk estimations and future prevention trials to target multiple risk factors...
May 18, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776874/examining-risk-for-persistent-pain-among-adults-with-overweight-status
#2
REVIEW
Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Ruth Bindler, Kenn Daratha
Obesity and persistent pain are public health concerns with associated high costs. Evidence supports an increased risk for reports of persistent pain among adults who are above the recommended body mass index level. However, data have not been clearly synthesized to report the risk for the two co-occurring conditions. Even less is known about how overweight status that does not reach the level of obesity is related to pain. Thus, the aim driving this review was to calculate the risk and odds ratios of chronic pain among adults with an overweight body mass index...
May 15, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776621/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-adults-with-or-without-major-chronic-diseases-2014
#3
Yong Liu, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft, Fang Xu, Timothy J Cunningham, Kurt J Greenlund
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between sleep duration and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with or without chronic conditions. METHODS: Using the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we analyzed self-reported data from adult respondents aged ≥18 years with (n=277,757, unhealthy group) and without (n=172,052. healthy group) reported history of any of nine chronic conditions (coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, depression, chronic kidney disease)...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772306/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Błażej Misiak, Filip Stramecki, Bartłomiej Stańczykiewicz, Dorota Frydecka, Alba Lubeiro
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that schizophrenia might be accompanied by abnormal vascularization. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of key molecules involved in the development of vessels with vasodilatory activities. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating serum or plasma levels of VEGF in patients with schizophrenia and first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from their inception until 18th Apr 2018...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#5
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770052/surveillance-of-laboratory-exposures-to-human-pathogens-and-toxins-canada-2016
#6
A Bienek, M Heisz, M Su
Background: Canada recently enacted legislation to authorize the collection of data on laboratory incidents involving a biological agent. This is done by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) as part of a comprehensive national program that protects Canadians from the health and safety risks posed by human and terrestrial animal pathogens and toxins. Objective: To describe the first year of data on laboratory exposure incidents and/or laboratory-acquired infections in Canada since the Human Pathogens and Toxins Regulations came into effect...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768606/quality-of-life-and-levels-of-physical-activity-of-residents-living-in-therapeutic-residential-care-facilities-in-southern-brazil
#7
Simone Karine Klein, Aline Fofonka, Alice Hirdes, Maria Helena Vianna Metello Jacob
Interest in the quality of life of people with mental disorders living in therapeutic residential care facilities is an important indicator for the evaluation of therapeutic interventions in the area of health. Physical activity can contribute to a good quality of life. This study evaluated the quality of life and levels of physical activity of people living in therapeutic residential care facilities in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. This case series study (n = 68) used SF-36, EuroQol and IPAQ and social-demographic questions...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767946/highly-stable-graphene-based-nanocomposite-go-pei-ag-with-broad-spectrum-long-term-antimicrobial-activity-and-antibiofilm-effects
#8
Rongtao Zhao, Wen Kong, Mingxuan Sun, Yi Yang, Wanying Liu, Min Lv, Shiping Song, Lihua Wang, Hongbin Song, Rongzhang Hao
Various silver nanoparticle (AgNP)-decorated graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites (GO-Ag) have received increasing attention owing to their antimicrobial activity and biocompatibility; however, their aggregation in physiological solutions and the generally complex synthesis methods warrant improvement. This study aimed to synthesize a polyethyleneimine (PEI)-modified and AgNP-decorated GO nanocomposite (GO-PEI-Ag) through a facile approach through microwave irradiation without any extra reductants and surfactants; its antimicrobial activity was investigated on Gram-negative/-positive bacteria (including drug-resistant bacteria) and fungi...
May 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764333/is-fear-of-falling-the-missing-link-to-explain-racial-disparities-in-fall-risk-data-from-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#9
Tanvee Singh, Emmanuelle Bélanger, Kali Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Emerging research suggests Black older adults experience a 30% decreased risk for falls compared with their White U.S. counterparts, and this is mediated neither by physical performance nor activity. Fear of falling (FOF) is a significant risk factor for falls, yet we know little about how FOF varies by race/ethnicity. The purpose of this original research brief was to investigate the relationship between race/ethnicity and FOF among older adults. METHODS: 4,981 community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) who had not self-reported a fall in the past 12 months were analyzed...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763722/lifestyle-determinants-of-healthy-ageing-in-a-mediterranean-population-the-multinational-medis-study
#10
Alexandra Foscolou, Emmanuella Magriplis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Anna Polystipioti, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: To evaluate modifiable, lifestyle risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among older adults, across ageing, in the Mediterranean area. METHODS: During 2005-2017, 3131 individuals from 26 Mediterranean islands of 5 countries, ≥65 years of age, were voluntarily enrolled. Anthropometrical, clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits, lifestyle parameters were measured through standard procedures. Analyses were performed by year and across consecutive age groups of the participants...
May 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760770/mental-health-literacy-knowledge-of-depression-among-undergraduate-students-in-hanoi-vietnam
#11
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759825/beyond-move-more-feeling-the-rhythms-of-physical-activity-in-mid-and-later-life
#12
Cassandra Phoenix, Sarah L Bell
The last two decades have seen growing unease regarding the negative health consequences of increasing levels of physical inactivity, both in the UK and further afield. Public health initiatives and interventions aimed at increasing levels of physical activity have, therefore, become somewhat commonplace. Within the current context of demographic change, with growing numbers of older adults and evidence that inactivity increases with age, these initiatives hold particular relevance to mid and later-life adults...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759060/correction-to-overweight-adolescents-views-on-physical-activity-experiences-of-participants-in-an-internet-based-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#13
Turid Kristin Bigum Sundar, Knut Løndal, Per Lagerløv, Kari Glavin, Sølvi Helseth
Correction to: BMC Public Health (2018) 18: 448. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5324-x . In the original version of this article [1], published on 4 April 2018, there was 1 incorrect author family name. The redundant affiliation (5) has also been removed. The original article has been updated.
May 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757933/improving-physical-fitness-and-cognitive-functions-in-middle-school-students-study-protocol-for-the-chinese-childhood-health-activity-and-motor-performance-study-chinese-champs
#14
Zhixiong Zhou, Shanshan Dong, Jun Yin, Quan Fu, Hong Ren, Zenong Yin
Background : Sedentary lifestyles and their associated harmful consequences are public health concerns that impact more than half of the world's youth population in both developed and developing countries. Methods : The Chinese Childhood Health; Activity and Motor Performance Study (Chinese CHAMPS) was a cluster randomized controlled trial to modify school physical activity policies and the physical education (PE) curriculum; using teacher training and parent engagement to increase opportunities and support students' physical activity and healthy eating...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757454/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Juan Va Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)...
May 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755934/physical-activity-levels-of-adults-with-various-physical-disabilities
#16
Ellen L de Hollander, Karin I Proper
This study examined the physical activity (PA) levels of people with specific disabilities, using health care registration data. Data of 321,656 adults (83%) from the Dutch Public Health Monitor 2012 were used to assess adherence to the World Health Organization (WHO) PA guidelines (%) and the time (min/week) spent on moderate-to-vigorous-intensity and vigorous-intensity PA. Specific physical and sensory (i.e. vision and hearing) disabilities were identified by means of two health claims registries that include reimbursement of functional aids and long-term care...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#17
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752803/a-pragmatic-application-of-the-re-aim-framework-for-evaluating-the-implementation-of-physical-activity-as-a-standard-of-care-in-health-systems
#18
Mark Stoutenberg, Karla I Galaviz, Felipe Lobelo, Elizabeth Joy, Gregory W Heath, Adrian Hutber, Paul Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is Medicine (EIM) is an initiative that seeks to integrate physical activity assessment, prescription, and patient referral as a standard in patient care. Methods to assess this integration have lagged behind its implementation. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work is to provide a pragmatic framework to guide health care systems in assessing the implementation and impact of EIM. EVALUATION METHODS: A working group of experts from health care, public health, and implementation science convened to develop an evaluation model based on the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751656/dietary-fibre-intake-in-australia-paper-i-associations-with-demographic-socio-economic-and-anthropometric-factors
#19
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Tim Cassettari, Kate Tuck, Andrew McConnell, Peter Petocz
Dietary fibre is important for regular laxation and reduces chronic disease risk. The National Health and Medical Research Council outlines daily fibre intake targets, yet the proportion of the population that meets these targets is unknown. Using the 2011⁻2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, we profiled fibre intake among Australian children and adults. Data from one-day dietary recalls were analysed ( n = 12,153, ≥2 years) as well as demographic and anthropometric factors. The median fibre intake was 18...
May 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751561/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults-from-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Liliana Orellana
Rising life expectancy in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), coupled with the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases, accentuates the importance of generating information to support public health strategies. With this aim in mind, the purpose of this study was to identify correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in LMIC. We analyzed Wave 1 data (collected 2007⁻2010) from the World Health Organization’s longitudinal Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), which focuses on nationally representative samples of adults aged 50 years and older from six countries (China, n = 13,157; India, n = 6560; Mexico, n = 2301; Russian Federation, n = 3763; South Africa, n = 3836; and Ghana, n = 4305)...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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