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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#1
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334852/conceptualizing-structural-change-in-health-promotion-why-we-still-need-to-know-more-about-theory
#2
Peter Gelius, Alfred Rütten
As recently discussed in the public health literature, many questions concerning 'structural' approaches in health promotion seem to remain unanswered. We argue that, before attempting to provide answers, it is essential to clarify the underlying theoretical assumptions in order to arrive at the right questions one should ask. To this end, we introduce into the current debate an existing theoretical framework that helps conceptualize structural and individual aspects of health promotion interventions at different levels of action...
February 28, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329814/increased-engagement-with-life-differences-in-the-cognitive-physical-social-and-spiritual-activities-of-older-adult-music-listeners
#3
Christopher N Kaufmann, Lori P Montross-Thomas, Sean Griser
Purpose of the Study: Clinical studies have demonstrated the health benefits of music listening, especially among older adults; however, this connection has not yet been examined in a nationally representative population based sample. The purpose of this study was to measure the connections between health, listening to music, and engagement with life activities among older Americans. Design and Methods: We used data on 5,797 participants in both the 2012 Health and Retirement Study and 2013 Consumption and Activities Mail Survey...
January 21, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329788/defining-health-trajectories-in-older-adults-with-five-clinical-indicators
#4
Giola Santoni, Alessandra Marengoni, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Sara Angleman, Debora Rizzuto, Anna-Karin Welmer, Francesca Mangialasche, Nicola Orsini, Laura Fratiglioni
Background: People age differently, challenging the identification of those more at risk of rapid health deterioration. This study aimed to explore the heterogeneity in the health of older adults by using five clinical indicators to detect age-related variation and individual health trajectories over time. Methods: Health of 3,363 people aged 60+ from the Swedish National study on Aging and Care-Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) assessed at baseline and at 3- and 6-year follow-ups...
October 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328839/association-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-fitness-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Alberto Bermejo-Cantarero, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaino, Antonio García-Hermoso, Ana Isabel Torres-Costoso, Mairena Sánchez-López
BACKGROUND: Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is a subjective, multidimensional and changing over time construct. When HRQoL is decreased, a child is less likely to be able to develop normally and mature into a healthy adult. Physical inactivity is a priority public health problem. Evidence suggests how even moderate levels of physical activity or high fitness levels are associated with benefits for the health in children and adolescents. The aims of this systematic review are to examine the evidence about the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and fitness with HRQoL, and estimate the effects of interventions that have tested the effectiveness of the increase of the physical activity, the improvement of the physical fitness or the avoidance of sedentary behaviors in HRQoL in healthy subjects aged under 18 years old...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328311/effect-of-active-lessons-on-physical-activity-academic-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#6
Rosemarie Martin, Elaine M Murtagh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of classroom-based physical activity interventions that integrate academic content and assess the effectiveness of the interventions on physical activity, learning, facilitators of learning, and health outcomes. METHOD: Six electronic databases (ERIC, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE) and reference lists were searched for English-language articles, published January 1990 through March 2015, reporting classroom-based interventions that deliberately taught academic content using physically active teaching methods for at least 1 week duration, with physical activity, health, learning, or facilitators-of-learning outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327563/health-benefits-and-consequences-of-the-eastern-orthodox-fasting-in-monks-of-mount-athos-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
S N Karras, A Persynaki, A Petróczi, E Barkans, H Mulrooney, M Kypraiou, T Tzotzas, K Tziomalos, K Kotsa, A A Tsioudas, C Pichard, D P Naughton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Greek Orthodox fasting (OF), which involves 180-200 days of fasting per year, is dictated by the Christian Orthodox religion. For the first time, this cross-sectional study examines the characteristics and the effects of OF on anthropometry, cardiometabolic markers and calcium homeostasis in Athonian monks (AMs). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Daily intakes of energy, macro- and micronutrients of a day during a weekend of Nativity Fast, defined as non-restrictive day (NRD), and a weekday during Great Lent, labeled as restrictive day (RD) were recorded...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#8
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322880/analyzing-the-impact-of-public-transit-usage-on-obesity
#9
Zhaowei She, Douglas M King, Sheldon H Jacobson
The objective of this paper is to estimate the impact of county-level public transit usage on obesity prevalence in the United States and assess the potential for public transit usage as an intervention for obesity. This study adopts an instrumental regression approach to implicitly control for potential selection bias due to possible differences in commuting preferences among obese and non-obese populations. United States health data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and transportation data from the 2009 National Household Travel Survey are aggregated and matched at the county level...
March 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322241/leisure-time-physical-activity-among-older-adults-with-long-term-spinal-cord-injury
#10
S Jörgensen, K A Martin Ginis, J Lexell
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To describe participation in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) (amount, intensity and type) among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI), and to investigate the associations with sociodemographics, injury characteristics and secondary health conditions (SHCs). SETTING: Home settings in southern Sweden. METHODS: Data from the Swedish Aging with Spinal Cord Injury Study (SASCIS)...
March 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315850/associations-between-obesity-adverse-behavioral-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-adolescent-inhabitants-of-a-greek-island
#11
Anastasia Garoufi, Evangelos E Grammatikos, Anastasios Kollias, Emmanuel Grammatikos, George S Stergiou, Alexandra Soldatou
BACKGROUND: Excess weight, unhealthy lifestyle habits and their sequelae have become a well-recognized public health problem in most countries. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship of adolescent overweight/obesity with behavioral habits and their association with blood pressure (BP) and lipid profile. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters, lifestyle, BP and lipid profile of 736 adolescents were evaluated cross-sectionally. The classifications of normal weight, overweight and obese were based on BMI z-scores...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306701/the-relationships-among-pain-depression-and-physical-activity-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#12
Christine Haedtke, Marianne Smith, John VanBuren, Dawn Klein, Carolyn Turvey
INTRODUCTION: Increasing patients' physical activity levels holds many opportunities to facilitate health and well-being among those with heart failure (HF) by improving HF symptoms and decreasing depression and pain. Given low exercise participation rates, an essential first step to increase exercise rates is to evaluate how pain and depression may further influence engagement in exercise programs. AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the level of physical activity and exercise that patients with HF with depression achieve and to investigate the relationships among pain, depression, total activity time, and sitting time...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295804/family-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-parental-lifestyle-behaviors-are-associated-with-offspring-cardiovascular-disease-risk-markers-in-childhood
#13
Danilo R Silva, André O Werneck, Paul J Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Décio S Barbosa, Enio R V Ronque, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease risk markers have become more prevalent in childhood. To provide increased understanding of the etiology of this public health issue, we investigated associations between family characteristics with cardiovascular disease risk markers in adolescents from a developing nation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data for fasting glucose, lipoproteins (LDL-C and HDL-C), triglycerides, and total cholesterol were collected from 991 adolescents aged 10-17 who were recruited from public schools in Londrina city, Southern Brazil...
March 11, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292617/obesity-pandemic-causes-consequences-and-solutions-but-do-we-have-the-will
#14
REVIEW
David R Meldrum, Marge A Morris, Joseph C Gambone
Obesity has become pandemic owing to an obesogenic environment (inexpensive calorie dense food, technologies and structure of communities that reduce or replace physical activity, and inexpensive nonphysical entertainment) and excessive emphasis on low fat intake resulting in excessive intake of simple carbohydrates and sugar. Effects are greater for women owing to their smaller size and extra weight gain with each pregnancy, with 38% of American adult women being obese. Women are responsible for more than three-fourths of the more than 400 billion dollars of excess direct health care expenditures due to obesity...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288985/screen-time-is-associated-with-adiposity-and-insulin-resistance-in-children
#15
Claire M Nightingale, Alicja R Rudnicka, Angela S Donin, Naveed Sattar, Derek G Cook, Peter H Whincup, Christopher G Owen
BACKGROUND: Higher screen time is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in adults, but the association with T2D risk markers in children is unclear. We examined associations between self-reported screen time and T2D risk markers in children. METHODS: Survey of 4495 children aged 9-10 years who had fasting cardiometabolic risk marker assessments, anthropometry measurements and reported daily screen time; objective physical activity was measured in a subset of 2031 children...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286739/people-trying-to-lose-weight-dislike-calorie-counting-apps-and-want-motivational-support-to-help-them-achieve-their-goals
#16
Linda Solbrig, Ray Jones, David Kavanagh, Jon May, Tracey Parkin, Jackie Andrade
BACKGROUND: Two thirds of UK adults are overweight or obese and at increased risk of chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and certain cancers. Basic public health support for weight loss comprises information about healthy eating and lifestyle, but internet and mobile applications (apps) create possibilities for providing long-term motivational support. AIMS: To explore among people currently trying to lose weight, or maintaining weight loss, (i) problems, experiences and wishes in regards to weight management and weight loss support including e-health support; (ii) reactions to Functional Imagery Training (FIT) as a possible intervention...
March 2017: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285468/progress-in-nurturing-human-well-being
#17
EDITORIAL
Anthony Biglan, Ronald Prinz
Substantial evidence in the behavioral and social sciences has accrued in support of numerous intervention programs and policies bearing on improving the lives of children and families. To this end, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review features a special journal issue on "Evolving Toward a More Nurturing Society." The field has achieved numerous advances regarding how to create and promote nurturing environments that foster successful development and prevent psychological and behavioral problems in children and youth...
March 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284941/scientific-production-on-indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-bibliometric-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski, Danilo Reis Coimbra
INTRODUCTION: In order to minimize adverse health effects and increase the benefits of physical activity, it is important to systematize indoor air quality study in environments used for physical exercise and sports. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and analyze the scientific production related to indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a bibliometric analysis. METHODS: The databases Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Medline via Pubmed, and SportDiscus were searched from their inception to March 2016...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283913/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-updated-overview
#19
REVIEW
E Chiefari, B Arcidiacono, D Foti, A Brunetti
The clinical and public health relevance of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is widely debated due to its increasing incidence, the resulting negative economic impact, and the potential for severe GDM-related pregnancy complications. Also, effective prevention strategies in this area are still lacking, and controversies exist regarding diagnosis and management of this form of diabetes. Different diagnostic criteria are currently adopted worldwide, while recommendations for diet, physical activity, healthy weight, and use of oral hypoglycemic drugs are not always uniform...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283526/mechanisms-of-inactivation-of-dry-escherichia-coli-by-high-pressure-carbon-dioxide
#20
Yuan Yao Chen, Feral Temelli, Michael G Gänzle
High pressure carbon dioxide processing is a promising technology for non-thermal food preservation. However, few studies determined the lethality of high pressure CO2 on dry bacterial cells, and the mechanism of inactivation remains unknown. This study explored mechanisms of inactivation by using Escherichia coli AW1.7 and mutant strains differing in heat and acid resistance, and in membrane composition based on disruption of the locus of heat resistance, and genes coding for glutamate decarboxylases and cyclopropane fatty acid synthase, respectively...
March 10, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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