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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900447/controversies-about-sugars-results-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-obesity-cardiometabolic-disease-and-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Tauseef A Khan, John L Sievenpiper
Fructose-containing sugars are a focus of attention as a public health target for their putative role in obesity and cardiometabolic disease including diabetes. The fructose moiety is singled out to be the primary driver for the harms of sugars due to its unique endocrine signal and pathophysiological role. However, this is only supported by ecological studies, animal models of overfeeding and select human intervention studies with supraphysiological doses or lack of control for energy. The highest level of evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of controlled trials has not shown that fructose-containing sugars behave any differently from other forms of digestible carbohydrates...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849287/effects-of-comprehensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-functional-capacity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-brazilians-assisted-by-public-health-care-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Gabriela S S Chaves, Gabriela L M Ghisi, Sherry L Grace, Paul Oh, Antonio L Ribeiro, Raquel R Britto
Background: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the leading burden of disease worldwide. Moreover, CVD-related death rates are considered an epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Research shows that cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participation reduces death and improves disability and quality of life. Given the growing epidemic of CVD in LMICs and the insufficient evidence about CR programs in these countries, a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) in Latin America is warranted. Objective: To investigate the effects of comprehensive CR on functional capacity and cardiovascular risk factors...
October 27, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845490/cognitive-disability-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-its-management
#3
M Corsi, T Di Raimo, C Di Lorenzo, M Rapp-Ricciardi, T Archer, S Ricci, R Businaro
Cognitive disability linked to neurodegenerative diseases and in particular to Alzheimer's disease, remains an increasing cause for concern through a dramatic prevalence increment and associated socio-economic burdens. Initially Alzheimer's disease develops asymptomatically with primary clinical signs, such as memory impairment, decline of spatial and perceptual abilities, occurring at a later stage. This delay implies the possibility of promoting early interventions during the pre-symptomatic stage of the disease...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830836/long-term-lifestyle-interventions-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-men-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Fangyuan Dong, Yan Zhang, Yiqin Huang, Yiqian Wang, Gansheng Zhang, Xiaona Hu, Jiaofeng Wang, Jie Chen, Zhijun Bao
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a metabolic disorder related to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, has become a public health concern. Currently, the principal therapeutic modalities targeting NAFLD are lifestyle interventions. However, the efficacy of long-term lifestyle interventions in managing NAFLD remains largely unexplored. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of long-term lifestyle interventions in middle-aged and elderly men with NAFLD. All 280 eligible patients were randomized to the control or test group...
November 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815299/clustering-patterns-of-obesity-related-multiple-lifestyle-behaviours-and-their-associations-with-overweight-and-family-environments-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japanese-preschool-children
#5
Etsuko Watanabe, Jung Su Lee, Katsumi Mori, Kiyoshi Kawakubo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is (1) to identify obesity-related lifestyle behaviour patterns of diet, physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours in preschool children, (2) to examine the association between identified behaviour clusters and overweight/obesity and (3) to investigate differences in children's family environments according to clusters. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study on 2114 preschool children aged 3-6 years who attended childcare facilities (24 nursery schools and 10 kindergartens) in Tsuruoka city, Japan in April 2003 was conducted...
November 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780974/mobile-applications-apps-for-obesity-and-weight-management-current-market-characteristics
#6
C K Nikolaou, M E J Lean
mHealth is the fastest-developing eHealth sector, with over 100,000 health-apps currently available. Overweight/obesity is a problem of wide public concern which is potentially treatable/preventable through mHealth. This study describes the current weight-management app-market. Five app-stores (Apple, Google, Amazon, Windows, Blackberry) in UK, US, Russia, Japan, Germany, Italy, France, China, Australia, and Canada were searched for key words: 'weight', 'calorie', 'weight-loss', 'slimming', 'diet', 'dietitian' and 'overweight' in January/February 2016 using App-Annie (San Francisco, CA, USA) software...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743157/modifiable-factors-in-the-management-of-glaucoma-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#7
Idan Hecht, Asaf Achiron, Vitaly Man, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash
PURPOSE: Primary open angle glaucoma is a chronic optic neuropathy affecting millions of people worldwide and represents a major public health issue. Environmental factors, behaviors, and diet are intimately related to patient health and may play a role in the pathogenesis and progression of glaucoma. This study aims to review the literature, focusing on the last three years, regarding modifiable lifestyle interventions in the management of primary open angle glaucoma. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies published between January 2013 and July 2016 on the topic of lifestyle interventions in primary open angle glaucoma...
October 14, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721223/lifestyle-modifications-to-prevent-and-control-hypertension
#8
Fariba Samadian, Nooshin Dalili, Ali Jamalian
Hypertension is the most important, modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. High salt intake may predispose children to develop hypertension later. A modest reduction in population salt intake worldwide would result in a major improvement in public health. Regarding smoking as another risk factor, there are various strategies that can be used to promote smoking cessation. Physicians are in an excellent position to help their patients stop smoking. Targeted weight loss interventions in population subgroups might be more effective for the prevention of hypertension than a general-population approach...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715288/fathers-representation-in-observational-studies-on-parenting-and-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-content-analysis
#9
Kirsten K Davison, Selma Gicevic, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Claudia Ganter, Christine L Simon, Sami Newlan, Jennifer A Manganello
BACKGROUND: The involvement of fathers in caregiving has increased substantially over the past 30 years. Yet in child and adolescent psychopathology, few studies include fathers as research participants and few present results for fathers separate from those for mothers. We test for the first time whether a similar pattern exists in research on parenting and childhood obesity. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and quantitative content analysis of observational studies on parenting and childhood obesity to (1) document the inclusion of fathers, relative to mothers, as research participants and (2) examine characteristics of studies that did and did not include fathers...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693095/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-vitamin-d-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#10
Afrozul Haq, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Pawel Pludowski, Fatme Al Anouti
In the UAE and the Gulf region in general, there are several intricate public health issues in the context of vitamin D deficiency that needs to be addressed. Changes in lifestyle such as diet, lack of exercise, cultural habits, avoiding sun exposure due to excessive heat, and other risk factors predispose those who live in GULF countries, such as Emiratis likely to becoming vitamin D deficient. Consequently, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is high, and new guidelines are needed to overcome this major public health issue...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681935/postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#11
Richard Eastell, Terence W O'Neill, Lorenz C Hofbauer, Bente Langdahl, Ian R Reid, Deborah T Gold, Steven R Cummings
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder that is characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue. Fractures of the proximal femur, the vertebrae and the distal radius are the most frequent osteoporotic fractures, although most fractures in the elderly are probably at least partly related to bone fragility. The incidence of fractures varies greatly by country, but on average up to 50% of women >50 years of age are at risk of fractures. Fractures severely affect the quality of life of an individual and are becoming a major public health problem owing to the ageing population...
2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631735/fathers-representation-in-observational-studies-on-parenting-and-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-content-analysis
#12
Kirsten K Davison, Selma Gicevic, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Claudia Ganter, Christine L Simon, Sami Newlan, Jennifer A Manganello
BACKGROUND: The involvement of fathers in caregiving has increased substantially over the past 30 years. Yet in child and adolescent psychopathology, few studies include fathers as research participants and few present results for fathers separate from those for mothers. We test for the first time whether a similar pattern exists in research on parenting and childhood obesity. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and quantitative content analysis of observational studies on parenting and childhood obesity to (1) document the inclusion of fathers, relative to mothers, as research participants and (2) examine characteristics of studies that did and did not include fathers...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619760/a-school-based-program-for-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Lori Pbert, Susan Druker, Bruce Barton, Kristin L Schneider, Barbara Olendzki, Mary A Gapinski, Stephen Kurtz, Stavroula Osganian
BACKGROUND: Given the dramatic increase in adolescent overweight and obesity, models are needed for implementing weight management treatment through readily accessible venues. We evaluated the acceptability and efficacy of a school-based intervention consisting of school nurse-delivered counseling and an afterschool exercise program in improving diet, activity, and body mass index (BMI) among overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster-randomized controlled school-based trial was conducted in which 8 public high schools were randomized to either a 12-session school nurse-delivered cognitive-behavioral counseling intervention plus school-based after school exercise program, or 12-session nurse contact with weight management information (control)...
October 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613102/the-prevalence-of-obesity-and-influence-of-early-life-and-behavioral-factors-on-obesity-in-chinese-children-in-guangzhou
#14
Ting Zhang, Li Cai, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a public health concern in many countries. In Southern China, the prevalence of childhood obesity increased from 6.2 to 7.5 % between 2007 and 2011. This study aimed to report the current prevalence of overweight and obesity, analyzed the early life and behavioral determinants of obesity, and investigated the weight-loss practices among Chinese children in Guangzhou. METHODS: Three thousand seven hundred sixty-six primary school students aged 7-12 years were recruited in Guangzhou, China in 2013...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605969/weight-loss-improves-biomarkers-endothelial-function-and-systemic-inflammation-in-obese-postmenopausal-saudi-women
#15
Shehab Mahmoud Abd El-Kader, Mohammed H Saiem Al-Dahr
BACKGROUND: Although postmenopausal associated disorders are important public health problems worldwide, to date limited studies evaluated the endothelial function and systemic inflammation response to weight loss in obese postmenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: This study was done to evaluate the endothelial function and systemic inflammation response to weight loss in obese postmenopausal Saudi women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty postmenopausal obese Saudi women (mean age 52...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554427/effects-of-a-moderately-high-protein-diet-and-interval-aerobic-training-combined-with-strength-endurance-exercise-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-microarchitecture-and-turnover-in-obese-zucker-rats
#16
Elena Nebot, Virginia A Aparicio, Irene Coll-Risco, Daniel Camiletti-Moirón, Johannes Schneider, Garyfallia Kapravelou, Patrick Heimel, Rosario Martínez, Ana Andrade, Paul Slezak, Heinz Redl, Jesús M Porres, María López-Jurado, Peter Pietschmann, Pilar Aranda
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is a public health concern in obesity-related diseases such as metabolic syndrome, and the protein level of the diets seem to be crucial for the development and maintenance of bone. The nature of exercise and whether exercise in combination with moderately high-protein dietary interventions could protect against potential bone mass deficits remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a moderately high-protein diet and interval aerobic training combined with strength-endurance exercise (IASE) protocol on bone status, and to assess potential interaction effects (i...
November 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494954/cancer-risk-factor-knowledge-among-young-adults
#17
Julie Williams Merten, Alexander Parker, Adrienne Williams, Jessica L King, Erin Largo-Wight, Morsal Osmani
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the USA. Incidence and mortality rates for cancer have risen steadily and cost the healthcare system over $264 billion annually. Cancer risk can be reduced by restricting alcohol consumption, avoiding tobacco, eating a balanced diet, limiting sun exposure, exercising, and seeking routine cancer screenings. The purpose of this study is to examine cancer risk factor knowledge among college students. Researchers surveyed undergraduate and graduate students (n = 758) at a mid-sized public university in the Southeast about their knowledge regarding cancer risk factors including smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, obesity, hypertension, and human papillomavirus (HPV)...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486338/smartphone-applications-to-aid-weight-loss-and-management-current-perspectives
#18
Elizabeth F Sutton, Leanne M Redman
The development and dissemination of smart devices has cultivated a global environment of hyperconnectivity and increased our access to information. The paralleled launch and success of the Mobile Health industry has created a market of commercially available applications or "apps" along with tools or sensors, which allow the user to receive and collect personal health information. Apps and accompanying tools now allow an individual to "self-digitize" and, pertaining to weight management, monitor their body weight, caloric intake, physical activity, and more...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401606/integrating-data-from-an-online-diabetes-prevention-program-into-an-electronic-health-record-and-clinical-workflow-a-design-phase-usability-study
#19
Rebecca Grochow Mishuris, Jordan Yoder, Dan Wilson, Devin Mann
BACKGROUND: Health information is increasingly being digitally stored and exchanged. The public is regularly collecting and storing health-related data on their own electronic devices and in the cloud. Diabetes prevention is an increasingly important preventive health measure, and diet and exercise are key components of this. Patients are turning to online programs to help them lose weight. Despite primary care physicians being important in patients' weight loss success, there is no exchange of information between the primary care provider (PCP) and these online weight loss programs...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382297/association-between-perceived-lifetime-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-calculated-risk-in-a-male-population-in-brazil
#20
Mário Maciel de Lima, Glaciane Rocha da Silva, Sebastião Salazar Jensem Filho, Fabiana Granja
AIM: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Despite health campaigns to improve awareness of cardiovascular risk factors, there has been little improvement in cardiovascular mortality. In this study, we sought to examine the association between cardiovascular risk factors and people's perception on cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This was an epidemiological, cross-sectional, descriptive, prospective study of Masonic men aged >40 years in Boa Vista, Brazil...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
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