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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101997/the-ecology-of-anemia-anemia-prevalence-and-correlated-factors-in-adult-indigenous-women-in-argentina
#1
Laura G Goetz, Claudia Valeggia
OBJECTIVES: The Toba/Qom of Namqom are an indigenous community native to the Gran Chaco region of northern Argentina. Historically seminomadic foragers, the diet of peri-urban community members has rapidly changed from high-protein, high-fiber to hypercaloric, processed. This study aims to understand the impact of this nutritional transition on aspects of women's health by exploring the relationship between prevalence of anemia and current diet composition, place of birth, and reproductive history...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099660/socioeconomic-hygienic-and-sanitation-factors-in-reducing-diarrhea-in-the-amazon
#2
Katiuscia Shirota Imada, Thiago Santos de Araújo, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Valter Lúcio de Pádua
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contributions of the socioeconomic, hygienic, and sanitation improvements in reducing the prevalence of diarrhea in a city of the Amazon. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we analyzed data from surveys conducted in the city of Jordão, Acre. In 2005 and 2012, these surveys evaluated, respectively, 466 and 826 children under five years old. Questionnaires were applied on the socioeconomic conditions, construction of houses, food and hygienic habits, and environmental sanitation...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098939/a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-treatments-for-patients-with-epilepsy
#3
REVIEW
Ben F M Wijnen, Ghislaine A P G van Mastrigt, Silvia M A A Evers, Olga Gershuni, Danielle A J E Lambrechts, Marian H J M Majoie, Debby Postulart, Bert A P Aldenkamp, Reina J A de Kinderen
The increasing number of treatment options and the high costs associated with epilepsy have fostered the development of economic evaluations in epilepsy. It is important to examine the availability and quality of these economic evaluations and to identify potential research gaps. As well as looking at both pharmacologic (antiepileptic drugs [AEDs]) and nonpharmacologic (e.g., epilepsy surgery, ketogenic diet, vagus nerve stimulation) therapies, this review examines the methodologic quality of the full economic evaluations included...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098048/folate-and-vitamin-b12-concentrations-are-associated-with-plasma-dha-and-epa-fatty-acids-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#4
I Iglesia, I Huybrechts, M González-Gross, T Mouratidou, J Santabárbara, V Chajès, E M González-Gil, J Y Park, S Bel-Serrat, M Cuenca-García, M Castillo, M Kersting, K Widhalm, S De Henauw, M Sjöström, F Gottrand, D Molnár, Y Manios, A Kafatos, M Ferrari, P Stehle, A Marcos, F J Sánchez-Muniz, L A Moreno
This study aimed to examine the association between vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 biomarkers and plasma fatty acids in European adolescents. A subsample from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study with valid data on B-vitamins and fatty acid blood parameters, and all the other covariates used in the analyses such as BMI, Diet Quality Index, education of the mother and physical activity assessed by a questionnaire, was selected resulting in 674 cases (43 % males). B-vitamin biomarkers were measured by chromatography and immunoassay and fatty acids by enzymatic analyses...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097452/toward-the-optimal-strategy-for-sustained-weight-loss-in-overweight-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Meeke Hoedjes, Maartje M van Stralen, Sheena Tjon A Joe, Matti Rookus, Flora van Leeuwen, Susan Michie, Jacob C Seidell, Ellen Kampman
PURPOSE: To gain more insight into the optimal strategy to achieve weight loss and weight loss maintenance in overweight and obese cancer survivors after completion of initial treatment, this systematic review aimed to provide an overview of the literature on intervention effects on weight, to describe intervention components used in effective interventions, to identify and synthesize behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and to assess the frequency with which these BCTs were used in effective interventions...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096126/the-age-related-eye-disease-2-study-micronutrients-in-the-treatment-of-macular-degeneration
#6
REVIEW
Aruna Gorusupudi, Kelly Nelson, Paul S Bernstein
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss in the elderly. With an increasingly aged population worldwide, the need for the prevention of AMD is rising. Multiple studies investigating AMD with the use of animal models and cell culture have identified oxidative stress-related retinal damage as an important contributing factor. In general, diet is an excellent source of the antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals necessary for healthy living; moreover, the general public is often receptive to recommendations made by physicians and health care workers regarding diet and supplements as a means of empowering themselves to avoid common and worrisome ailments such as AMD, which has made epidemiologists and clinicians enthusiastic about dietary intervention studies...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#7
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079242/application-of-baros-questionnaire-in-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-with-2-years-of-evolution
#8
Caetano de Queiroz, José Afonso Sallet, Pedro Gabriel Melo DE Barros E Silva, Luzia da Gloria Pereira de Sousa Queiroz, Jélis Arenas Pimentel, Paulo Clemente Sallet
BACKGROUND: -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera-tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076487/technological-information-regarding-prebiotics-and-probiotics-nutrition-versus-the-patent-registers-what-is-new
#9
José Maciel Caldas Dos Reis, Maurício Fortuna Pinheiro, André Takashi Oti, Denilson José Silva Feitosa-Junior, Mauro de Souza Pantoja, Rui Sérgio Monteiro Barros
Introduction: Food is a key factor both in prevention and in promoting human health. Among the functional food are highlighted probiotics and prebiotics. Patent databases are the main source of technological information about innovation worldwide, providing extensive library for research sector. Objective: Perform mapping in the main patent databases about pre and probiotics, seeking relevant information regarding the use of biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering in the production of these foods...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069006/methods-and-design-of-a-10-week-multi-component-family-meals-intervention-a-two-group-quasi-experimental-effectiveness-trial
#10
Catherine Rogers, Sarah E Anderson, Jamie S Dollahite, Tisa F Hill, Chris Holloman, Carla K Miller, Keeley J Pratt, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: Given the ongoing childhood obesity public health crisis and potential protective effect of family meals, there is need for additional family meals research, specifically experimental studies with expanded health outcomes that focus on the at-risk populations in highest need of intervention. Future research, specifically intervention work, would also benefit from an expansion of the target age range to include younger children, who are laying the foundation of their eating patterns and capable of participating in family meal preparations...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068485/obesity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-burden-drivers-and-emerging-challenges
#11
Nicole D Ford, Shivani A Patel, K M Venkat Narayan
We have reviewed the distinctive features of excess weight, its causes, and related prevention and management efforts, as well as data gaps and recommendations for future research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Obesity is rising in every region of the world, and no country has been successful at reversing the epidemic once it has begun. In LMICs, overweight is higher in women compared with men, in urban compared with rural settings, and in older compared with younger individuals; however, the urban-rural overweight differential is shrinking in many countries...
December 23, 2016: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065802/addendum-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-peanut-allergy-in-the-united-states-report-of-the-national-institute-of-allergy-and-infectious-diseases-sponsored-expert-panel
#12
Alkis Togias, Susan F Cooper, Maria L Acebal, Amal Assa'ad, James R Baker, Lisa A Beck, Julie Block, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Edmond S Chan, Lawrence F Eichenfield, David M Fleischer, George J Fuchs, Glenn T Furuta, Matthew J Greenhawt, Ruchi S Gupta, Michele Habich, Stacie M Jones, Kari Keaton, Antonella Muraro, Marshall Plaut, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Daniel Rotrosen, Hugh A Sampson, Lynda C Schneider, Scott H Sicherer, Robert Sidbury, Jonathan Spergel, David R Stukus, Carina Venter, Joshua A Boyce
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is an important public health problem because it affects children and adults, can be severe and even life-threatening, and may be increasing in prevalence. Beginning in 2008, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, working with other organizations and advocacy groups, led the development of the first clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy. A recent landmark clinical trial and other emerging data suggest that peanut allergy can be prevented through introduction of peanut-containing foods beginning in infancy...
December 30, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065278/addendum-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-peanut-allergy-in-the-united-states-report-of-the-national-institute-of-allergy-and-infectious-diseases-sponsored-expert-panel
#13
Alkis Togias, Susan F Cooper, Maria L Acebal, Amal Assa'ad, James R Baker, Lisa A Beck, Julie Block, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Edmond S Chan, Lawrence F Eichenfield, David M Fleischer, George J Fuchs, Glenn T Furuta, Matthew J Greenhawt, Ruchi S Gupta, Michele Habich, Stacie M Jones, Kari Keaton, Antonella Muraro, Marshall Plaut, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Daniel Rotrosen, Hugh A Sampson, Lynda C Schneider, Scott H Sicherer, Robert Sidbury, Jonathan Spergel, David R Stukus, Carina Venter, Joshua A Boyce
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is an important public health problem because it affects children and adults, can be severe and even life-threatening, and may be increasing in prevalence. Beginning in 2008, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, working with other organizations and advocacy groups, led the development of the first clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy. A recent landmark clinical trial and other emerging data suggest that peanut allergy can be prevented through introduction of peanut-containing foods beginning in infancy...
January 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054723/addendum-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-peanut-allergy-in-the-united-states-report-of-the-national-institute-of-allergy-and-infectious-diseases-sponsored-expert-panel
#14
Alkis Togias, Susan F Cooper, Maria L Acebal, Amal Assa'ad, James R Baker, Lisa A Beck, Julie Block, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Edmond S Chan, Lawrence F Eichenfield, David M Fleischer, George J Fuchs, Glenn T Furuta, Matthew J Greenhawt, Ruchi S Gupta, Michele Habich, Stacie M Jones, Kari Keaton, Antonella Muraro, Marshall Plaut, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Daniel Rotrosen, Hugh A Sampson, Lynda C Schneider, Scott H Sicherer, Robert Sidbury, Jonathan Spergel, David R Stukus, Carina Venter, Joshua A Boyce
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is an important public health problem because it affects children and adults, can be severe and even life-threatening, and may be increasing in prevalence. Beginning in 2008, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, working with other organizations and advocacy groups, led the development of the first clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy. A recent landmark clinical trial and other emerging data suggest that peanut allergy can be prevented through introduction of peanut-containing foods beginning in infancy...
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051253/antioxidant-diet-and-genotyping-as-tools-for-the-prevention-of-liver-disease
#15
R Di Francia, L Rinaldi, M Cillo, E Varriale, G Facchini, C D'Aniello, G Marotta, M Berretta
It is well-known that 75% of risk factors of chronic liver disease (CLD) are related to nutrition. These circumstances potentially progress towards liver steatosis, fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It still represents an enormous problem for the economy of public health worldwide. Furthermore, validated prevention programs could be the solution. Recent knowledge in understanding molecular determinants of energy liver metabolism and new genetic markers offers new insights into the pathogenesis of CLD and HCC...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050995/anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-an-intervention-of-diet-editing-and-counselling
#16
Andezhath K Susheela, Rashmi Gupta, Nisith K Mondal
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in children. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty adolescent girls, 10-17 years of age, from a government senior secondary girls school in East Delhi, participated in the programme...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049747/foods-obesity-and-diabetes-are-all-calories-created-equal
#17
Dariush Mozaffarian
Diet has become one of the top risk factors for poor health. The incidence of cardiometabolic disease in the United Sates, in Mexico, and in most countries is driven fundamentally by changes in diet quality. Weight gain has been typically framed as a problem of excess caloric intake, but, as reviewed in this paper, subtle changes in the quality of diet are associated with long-term weight gain. In order to successfully address obesity and diabetes, researchers and policy makers have to better understand how weight gain in the long term is modulated and to change the focus of research and public policy from one based on counting calories to one based on diet quality and its determinants at various levels...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042040/executive-functioning-and-dietary-intake-neurocognitive-correlates-of-fruit-vegetable-and-saturated-fat-intake-in-adults-with-obesity
#18
Emily P Wyckoff, Brittney C Evans, Stephanie M Manasse, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Obesity is a significant public health issue, and is associated with poor diet. Evidence suggests that eating behavior is related to individual differences in executive functioning. Poor executive functioning is associated with poorer diet (few fruits and vegetables and high saturated fat) in normal weight samples; however, the relationship between these specific dietary behaviors and executive functioning have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The current study examined the association between executive functioning and intake of saturated fat, fruits, and vegetables in an overweight/obese sample using behavioral measures of executive function and dietary recall...
December 29, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040162/occurrence-and-characterization-of-food-borne-pathogens-isolated-from-fruit-vegetables-and-sprouts-retailed-in-the-czech-republic
#19
Hana Vojkovská, Petra Myšková, Tereza Gelbíčová, Alena Skočková, Ivana Koláčková, Renáta Karpíšková
Food of non-animal origin is a major component of the human diet and has been considered to pose a low risk from the point of view of bacteriological safety. However, an increase in the number of outbreaks of illness caused by such pathogens and linked to the consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables have been reported from around the world recently. Salmonella spp., STEC (Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli) and Listeria monocytogenes are among the most frequently identified agents. Additionally, the transmission of antibiotic resistant strains including also the methicillin resistant S...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031303/mobile-based-nutrition-and-child-health-monitoring-to-inform-program-development-an-experience-from-liberia
#20
Agnes Guyon, Ariella Bock, Laura Buback, Barbara Knittel
BACKGROUND: Implementing complex nutrition and other public health projects and tracking nutrition interventions, such as women's diet and supplementation and infant and young child feeding practices, requires reliable routine data to identify potential program gaps and to monitor trends in behaviors in real time. However, current monitoring and evaluation practices generally do not create an environment for this real-time tracking. This article describes the development and application of a mobile-based nutrition and health monitoring system, which collected monitoring data on project activities, women's nutrition, and infant and young child feeding practices in real time...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
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