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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535176/invited-commentary-30-year-perspective-on-the-seven-countries-study
#1
Henry Blackburn
In a 1986 article (Am J Epidemiol. 1986;124(6):903-915), Keys et al. described and discussed 15-year findings from 15 cohorts of the Seven Countries Study (SCS), the first systematic study of diet, risk characteristics, disease-specific death rates, and their ecologic and individual associations both among and within whole populations of working men in regions with contrasting traditional diets. The SCS findings included 30-fold cohort differences in rates of death from coronary heart disease and 3-fold differences in rates of death from all causes, along with strong ecologic associations among diet, risk factors, and disease rates...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533568/leveraging-geotagged-twitter-data-to-examine-neighborhood-happiness-diet-and-physical-activity
#2
Quynh C Nguyen, Suraj Kath, Hsien-Wen Meng, Dapeng Li, Ken Robert Smith, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: Using publicly available, geotagged Twitter data, we created neighborhood indicators for happiness, food and physical activity for three large counties: Salt Lake, San Francisco and New York. METHODS: We utilize 2.8 million tweets collected between February-August 2015 in our analysis. Geo-coordinates of where tweets were sent allow us to spatially join them to 2010 census tract locations. We implemented quality control checks and tested associations between Twitter-derived variables and sociodemographic characteristics...
August 2016: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530454/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-the-otap2014-study-iv-microelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#3
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Gergő Erdei, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian population. This publication presents the microelement intake. METHOD: The survey represents the microelement intake of the Hungarian non-institutionalised adult population of 18 years and older. RESULTS: While the intake of iron, copper and manganese corresponded with the recommendations in males, in females it was insufficient...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526360/the-flashe-study-survey-development-dyadic-perspectives-and-participant-characteristics
#4
Linda C Nebeling, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Laura A Dwyer, Heather Patrick, Heidi M Blanck, Frank M Perna, Rebecca A Ferrer, Amy L Yaroch
The National Cancer Institute developed the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study to examine multiple cancer preventive behaviors within parent-adolescent dyads. The purpose of creating FLASHE was to enable the examination of physical activity, diet, and other cancer preventive behaviors and potential correlates among parent-adolescent dyads. FLASHE surveys were developed from a process involving literature reviews, scientific input from experts in the field, cognitive testing, and usability testing...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525612/an-effectiveness-hierarchy-of-preventive-interventions-neglected-paradigm-or-self-evident-truth
#5
Simon Capewell, Ann Capewell
Non-communicable disease prevention strategies usually target the four major risk factors of poor diet, tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity. Yet, the most effective approaches remain disputed. However, increasing evidence supports the concept of an effectiveness hierarchy. Thus, 'downstream' preventive activities targeting individuals (such as 1:1 personal advice, health education, 'nudge' or primary prevention medications) consistently achieve a smaller population health impact than interventions aimed further 'upstream' (for instance, smoke-free legislation, alcohol minimum pricing or regulations eliminating dietary transfats)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#6
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523125/fat-soluble-vitamin-intake-from-the-consumption-of-food-fortified-food-and-supplements-design-and-methods-of-the-belgian-vitadek-study
#7
Isabelle Moyersoen, Stefaan Demarest, Karin De Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, Carl Lachat, John Van Camp
BACKGROUND: The adequacy of micronutrient intake is a public health concern, as both insufficient and excessive intake levels may result in adverse health effects. Data on dietary intake are needed to evaluate potential problems regarding inadequate intake at population level and to formulate effective public health and food safety recommendations. Assessing the intake of micronutrients in population subgroups such as infants, toddlers, pregnant and lactating women is challenging and requires specific approaches...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521815/proportion-of-cancer-in-a-middle-eastern-country-attributable-to-established-risk-factors
#8
Maya A Charafeddine, Sara H Olson, Deborah Mukherji, Sally N Temraz, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa, Ali I Shamseddine
BACKGROUND: Providing an estimate of the percentage of cancer in Lebanon by 2018 that is due to the exposure to risk factors in 2008. Factors include: smoking, body mass index (BMI), physical inactivity, dietary factors, alcohol consumption, infections, and air pollution in adults. METHOD: Population Attributable Fraction (PAF) was calculated using the proportion of the population exposed and relative risks for each risk factor from meta-analyses. The PAF estimates the proportion of cases in which exposure may have played a causal role...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516298/modeled-traffic-noise-at-the-residence-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-a-cohort-study
#9
Nina Roswall, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Matthias Ketzel, Kim Overvad, Jytte Halkjær, Mette Sørensen
PURPOSE: Traffic noise has become an increasing public health concern, associated with pervasive negative health effects, most likely through pathways of sleep disruption and stress. Both sleep disruption and stress have been associated with colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between residential traffic noise and colorectal cancer incidence. METHODS: Traffic noise was calculated for all residential addresses from 1987 to 2012 for 51,283 Danes in the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515068/low-fat-dietary-pattern-and-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ross L Prentice, Aaron K Aragaki, Linda Van Horn, Cynthia A Thomson, Shirley Aa Beresford, Jennifer Robinson, Linda Snetselaar, Garnet L Anderson, JoAnn E Manson, Matthew A Allison, Jacques E Rossouw, Barbara V Howard
Background: The influence of a low-fat dietary pattern on the cardiovascular health of postmenopausal women continues to be of public health interest.Objective: This report evaluates low-fat dietary pattern influences on cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality during the intervention and postintervention phases of the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial.Design: Participants comprised 48,835 postmenopausal women aged 50-79 y; 40% were randomly assigned to a low-fat dietary pattern intervention (target of 20% of energy from fat), and 60% were randomly assigned to a usual diet comparison group...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511721/socioeconomic-status-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-from-around-the-world-different-associations-by-levels-of-country-human-development
#11
Taru Manyanga, Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Vera Mikkila, Stephanie T Broyles
BACKGROUND: Although 'unhealthy' diet is a well-known risk factor for non-communicable diseases, its relationship with socio-economic status (SES) has not been fully investigated. Moreover, the available research has largely been conducted in countries at high levels of human development. This is the first study to examine relationships among dietary patterns and SES of children from countries spanning a wide range of human development. METHODS: This was a multinational cross-sectional study among 9-11 year-old children (n = 6808) from urban/peri-urban sites across 12 countries...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507516/body-brain-connections-the-effects-of-obesity-and-behavioral-interventions-on-neurocognitive-aging
#12
REVIEW
Chelsea M Stillman, Andrea M Weinstein, Anna L Marsland, Peter J Gianaros, Kirk I Erickson
Obesity is a growing public health problem in the United States, particularly in middle-aged and older adults. Although the key factors leading to a population increase in body weight are still under investigation, there is evidence that certain behavioral interventions can mitigate the negative cognitive and brain ("neurocognitive") health consequences of obesity. The two primary behaviors most often targeted for weight loss are caloric intake and physical activity. These behaviors might have independent, as well as overlapping/synergistic effects on neurocognitive health...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506221/the-association-between-urbanization-and-reduced-renal-function-findings-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#13
Yosuke Inoue, Annie Green Howard, Amanda L Thompson, Michelle A Mendez, Amy H Herring, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health concern in low- and middle-income countries, such as China, few studies have investigated the association between urbanization and the occurrence of CKD in those countries. METHODS: We investigated the association between urbanization and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), an important CKD risk marker. Data came from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009, in which we collected fasting serum, individual and household data along with community level urbanization data, which was used to derive a study-specific urbanization measure, in 218 communities across nine provinces...
May 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500724/grape-seed-proanthocyanidin-extract-ameliorates-inflammation-and-adiposity-by-modulating-gut-microbiota-in-high-fat-diet-mice
#14
Wen Liu, Shaoqian Zhao, Jiqiu Wang, Juan Shi, Yingkai Sun, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning, Jie Hong, Ruixin Liu
SCOPE: Obesity and associated metabolic complications is a worldwide public health issue. Gut microbiota has been recently linked to obesity and its related inflammation. In this study, we have explored the anti-inflammatory effect of grape seed proanthocyanindin extract (GSPE) in the high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and identified the contribution of the gut microbiota to GSPE effects on metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice were fed a normal diet and a high-fat diet with or without GSPE (300mg/kg body weight/day) by oral gavage for 7 weeks...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#15
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494024/household-food-security-and-adequacy-of-child-diet-in-the-food-insecure-region-north-in-ghana
#16
Pascal Agbadi, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Maurice B Mittelmark
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate diet is of crucial importance for healthy child development. In food insecure areas of the world, the provision of adequate child diet is threatened in the many households that sometimes experience having no food at all to eat (household food insecurity). In the context of food insecure northern Ghana, this study investigated the relationship between level of household food security and achievement of recommended child diet as measured by WHO Infant and Young Child Feeding Indicators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492210/predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-two-tertiary-health-institutions-in-ghana-and-nigeria
#17
Grace K Ababio, Samuel Bosomprah, Adesola Olumide, Nicholas Aperkor, Chris Aimakhu, Audrey Oteng-Yeboah, Joan Agama, William F Chaplin, Kola S Okuyemi, Albert G B Amoah, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) usually have a relatively poor quality of life (QoL), because the cost of care (living expenses and health) or diet restrictions are heavily felt by these patients, and this is of a public health concern. However, limited data on DM QoL exist in Ghana and Nigeria. This makes it imperative for data to be collated in that regard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We adopted the Strengthening The reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) consensus checklist to survey the patients with DM seen at the diabetic clinic at the Department of Medicine of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489186/overweight-obesity-steps-and-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-in-children
#18
Luis Carlos Oliveira, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Victor Matsudo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to establish cutoff points for the number of steps/day and minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity in relation to the risk of childhood overweight and obesity and their respective associations. In addition, we aim to identify the amount of steps/day needed to achieve the recommendation of moderate to vigorous physical activity in children from São Caetano do Sul. METHODS: In total, 494 children have used an accelerometer to monitor steps/day and the intensity of physical activity (min/day)...
April 27, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488692/mediterranean-diet-and-multiple-health-outcomes-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies-and-randomised-trials
#19
REVIEW
M Dinu, G Pagliai, A Casini, F Sofi
Research has shown that a greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of major chronic disease. However, the existing literature leads to debate for different issues, such as the measurement of the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, the use of a wide variety of dietary indices with various food components and the large heterogeneity across the studies. In order to summarise the evidence and evaluate the validity of the association between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes, an umbrella review of the evidence across meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised clinical trials (RCTs) was performed...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487151/dietary-inflammatory-potential-is-linked-to-cardiovascular-disease-risk-burden-in-the-us-adult-population
#20
Stefanos Tyrovolas, Ai Koyanagi, Georgios A Kotsakis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Nitin Shivappa, Michael D Wirth, James R Hébert, Josep Maria Haro
BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines are a key tool in the public health quiver. Single nutrients have been linked to cardiovascular diseases, but existing metrics do not capture the overall effect of diet on inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between dietary inflammatory potential and cardiovascular diseases risk factors (CVD-RFs) in a nationally-representative sample of non-institutionalized US adults using data from the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2007-2012)...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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