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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776914/combining-variables-for-cancer-risk-estimation-is-the-sum-better-than-the-parts
#1
EDITORIAL
Christine M Friedenreich, Anne McTiernan
Examining joint exposures of modifiable breast cancer risk factors may provide advantages over individual exposure-disease association analyses. Using the Healthy Lifestyle Index, Arthur and colleagues analyzed the joint impacts of diet, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, and obesity on breast cancer risk, and subtypes, in postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative. The analysis provides data for population-attributable risk estimations and future prevention trials to target multiple risk factors...
May 18, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776874/examining-risk-for-persistent-pain-among-adults-with-overweight-status
#2
REVIEW
Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Ruth Bindler, Kenn Daratha
Obesity and persistent pain are public health concerns with associated high costs. Evidence supports an increased risk for reports of persistent pain among adults who are above the recommended body mass index level. However, data have not been clearly synthesized to report the risk for the two co-occurring conditions. Even less is known about how overweight status that does not reach the level of obesity is related to pain. Thus, the aim driving this review was to calculate the risk and odds ratios of chronic pain among adults with an overweight body mass index...
May 15, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#3
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763722/lifestyle-determinants-of-healthy-ageing-in-a-mediterranean-population-the-multinational-medis-study
#4
Alexandra Foscolou, Emmanuella Magriplis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, George Soulis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Anargiros Mariolis, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Anna Polystipioti, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Akis Zeimbekis, Josep-Antoni Tur, Labros S Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: To evaluate modifiable, lifestyle risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among older adults, across ageing, in the Mediterranean area. METHODS: During 2005-2017, 3131 individuals from 26 Mediterranean islands of 5 countries, ≥65 years of age, were voluntarily enrolled. Anthropometrical, clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits, lifestyle parameters were measured through standard procedures. Analyses were performed by year and across consecutive age groups of the participants...
May 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#5
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751656/dietary-fibre-intake-in-australia-paper-i-associations-with-demographic-socio-economic-and-anthropometric-factors
#6
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Tim Cassettari, Kate Tuck, Andrew McConnell, Peter Petocz
Dietary fibre is important for regular laxation and reduces chronic disease risk. The National Health and Medical Research Council outlines daily fibre intake targets, yet the proportion of the population that meets these targets is unknown. Using the 2011⁻2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, we profiled fibre intake among Australian children and adults. Data from one-day dietary recalls were analysed ( n = 12,153, ≥2 years) as well as demographic and anthropometric factors. The median fibre intake was 18...
May 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731703/metabolic-syndrome-and-neuroprotection
#7
REVIEW
Melisa Etchegoyen, Mariana H Nobile, Francisco Baez, Barbara Posesorski, Julian González, Néstor Lago, José Milei, Matilde Otero-Losada
Introduction: Over the years the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has drastically increased in developing countries as a major byproduct of industrialization. Many factors, such as the consumption of high-calorie diets and a sedentary lifestyle, bolster the spread of this disorder. Undoubtedly, the massive and still increasing incidence of MetS places this epidemic as an important public health issue. Hereon we revisit another outlook of MetS beyond its classical association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DM2), for MetS also poses a risk factor for the nervous tissue and threatens neuronal function...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727610/in-defense-of-sugar-a-critique-of-diet-centrism
#8
REVIEW
Edward Archer
Sugars are foundational to biological life and played essential roles in human evolution and dietary patterns for most of recorded history. The simple sugar glucose is so central to human health that it is one of the World Health Organization's Essential Medicines. Given these facts, it defies both logic and a large body of scientific evidence to claim that sugars and other nutrients that played fundamental roles in the substantial improvements in life- and health-spans over the past century are now suddenly responsible for increments in the prevalence of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases...
May 1, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726691/chronic-health-disparities-among-refugee-and-immigrant-children-in-canada
#9
Ginny Lane, Marwa Farag, Judy White, Christine Nisbet, Hassan Vatanparast
There are knowledge gaps related to understanding the development of chronic disease risks in children, especially with regards to risk differentials experienced by immigrants and refugees. The Healthy Immigrant Children study employed a mixed-methods cross-sectional study design to characterize the health and nutritional status of 300 immigrant and refugee children aged 3-13 who had been in Canada for less than five years. We collected quantitative data on socio-economic status, food security, physical activity, diet, bone and body composition, and anthropometric measurements...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703514/lifestyle-and-nutritional-modifiable-factors-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-bladder-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Marilyn L Kwan, Brandon Garren, Matthew E Nielsen, Li Tang
Bladder cancer is one of the top 5 most common cancers diagnosed in the U.S. It is also one of the most expensive cancers to treat through the life course given its high rate of recurrence. While cigarette smoking and occupational exposures have been firmly established as risk factors, it is less certain whether modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity play roles in bladder cancer etiology and prognosis. This literature review based on a PubMed search summarizes the research to date on key dietary factors, types of physical activity, and smoking in relation to bladder cancer incidence, and discusses the potential public health implications for formalized smoking cessation programs among recently diagnosed patients...
April 24, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703218/physical-activity-and-nutrition-intervention-for-singaporean-women-aged-50-years-and-above-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Elaine Yee-Sing Wong, Andy H Lee, Anthony P James, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: The majority of the older Singaporean women aged 50 years and above are physically inactive and have unhealthy dietary habits, placing them at 'high risk' of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The adoption of regular physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet are essential lifestyle behaviours to reduce this risk. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) involves the development, implementation and evaluation of a PA and nutrition programme for community-dwelling Singaporean women who currently attend recreational centres (RCs are public facilities supporting social leisure activities) in their local area...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694577/self-reported-hypertension-in-adults-residing-in-campinas-brazil-prevalence-associated-factors-and-control-practices-in-a-population-based-study
#12
Lia Thieme Oikawa Zangirolani, Daniela de Assumpção, Maria Angélica Tavares de Medeiros, Marilisa Berti Azevedo Barros
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the prevalence of self-reported hypertension in adults aged 20 to 59 years as well as identify associated factors, the use of health services and disease control practices according to the possession or not of a private healthcare plan. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Campinas, Brazil, involving 957 adults. RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported hypertension was 14.1%, with greater frequencies found among women, individuals aged ≥ 40 years, those who declared their skin color to be black, those with less schooling, those who did not practice active leisure activities, ex-smokers, overweight or obese individuals and those who rated their own health as not being excellent/very good...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692943/three-lifestyle-related-issues-of-major-significance-for-public-health-among-the-inuit-in-contemporary-greenland-a-review-of-adverse-childhood-conditions-obesity-and-smoking-in-a-period-of-social-transition
#13
REVIEW
Peter Bjerregaard, Christina V L Larsen
Greenland is a country in transition from a colonial past with subsistence hunting and fishing to an urban Nordic welfare state. Epidemiological transition from infectious to chronic diseases has been evident since the 1950s. Ninety percent of the population is Inuit. We studied three public health issues based on published literature, namely adverse childhood experiences, addictive behavior, and suicide; diet and obesity; and smoking. Alcohol consumption was high in the 1970s and 1980s with accompanying family and social disruption...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687156/diet-and-physical-activity-as-possible-mediators-of-the-association-between-educational-attainment-and-body-mass-index-gain-among-australian-adults
#14
Emma Gearon, Anna Peeters, Winda Ng, Allison Hodge, Kathryn Backholer
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the mediating role of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and five dietary behaviours on educational differences in 13-year body mass index (BMI) gain across adulthood. METHODS: Participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (4791 women; 3103 men) who maintained or gained BMI over 1990-1994 to 2003-2007 and met our inclusion criteria were selected. Education, potential mediators and confounders (age, alcohol, and smoking) were measured at baseline...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#15
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678807/digital-inequalities-in-the-use-of-self-tracking-diet-and-fitness-apps-interview-study-on-the-influence-of-social-economic-and-cultural-factors
#16
Faustine Régnier, Louis Chauvel
BACKGROUND: Digital devices are driving economic and social transformations, but assessing the uses, perceptions, and impact of these new technologies on diet and physical activity remains a major societal challenge. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine under which social, economic, and cultural conditions individuals in France were more likely to be actively invested in the use of self-tracking diet and fitness apps for better health behaviors. METHODS: Existing users of 3 diet and fitness self-tracking apps (Weight Watchers, MyFitnessPal, and sport apps) were recruited from 3 regions of France...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669703/physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-related-ehealth-and-mhealth-research-bibliometric-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Andre Matthias Müller, Carol A Maher, Corneel Vandelanotte, Melanie Hingle, Anouk Middelweerd, Michael L Lopez, Ann DeSmet, Camille E Short, Nicole Nathan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Louise Poppe, Catherine B Woods, Susan L Williams, Petra A Wark
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) approaches to address low physical activity levels, sedentary behavior, and unhealthy diets have received significant research attention. However, attempts to systematically map the entirety of the research field are lacking. This gap can be filled with a bibliometric study, where publication-specific data such as citations, journals, authors, and keywords are used to provide a systematic overview of a specific field...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617926/translational-science-matters-forging-partnerships-between-biomedical-and-behavioral-science-to-advance-the-public-s-health
#19
George A Mensah, Susan M Czajkowski
The prevention and effective treatment of many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes are dependent on behaviors such as not smoking, adopting a physically-active lifestyle, eating a healthy diet, and adhering to prescribed medical and behavioral regimens. Yet adoption and maintenance of these behaviors pose major challenges for individuals, their families and communities, as well as clinicians and health care systems. These challenges can best be met through the integration of the biomedical and behavioral sciences that is achieved by the formation of strategic partnerships between researchers and practitioners in these disciplines to address pressing clinical and public health problems...
March 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616469/racial-disparities-in-obesity-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Angel S Byrd, Alexander T Toth, Fatima Cody Stanford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity rates in the USA have reached pandemic levels with one third of the population with obesity in 2015-2016 (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of youth). It is a major public health concern, and it is prudent to understand the factors which contribute. Racial and ethnic disparities are pronounced in both the prevalence and treatment of obesity and must be addressed in the efforts to combat obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Disparities in prevalence of obesity in racial/ethnic minorities are apparent as early as the preschool years and factors including genetics, diet, physical activity, psychological factors, stress, income, and discrimination, among others, must be taken into consideration...
April 3, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
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