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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619783/community-gardening-community-farming-and-other-local-community-based-gardening-interventions-to-prevent-overweight-and-obesity-in-high-income-and-middle-income-countries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#1
Thomas L Heise, Matthias Romppel, Sandra Molnar, Barbara Buchberger, Agnes van den Berg, Gerald Gartlehner, Stefan K Lhachimi
INTRODUCTION: The worldwide prevalence of overweight/obesity has continued to rise over the last decades. To reverse this trend, public health authorities are exploring cost-effective interventions, especially in high-income and middle-income countries. Community gardening offers a unique opportunity for individuals to enhance physical activity levels and improve their diet. However, synthesised evidence on the short-term or long-term effectiveness and on the costs of community gardening interventions to prevent overweight/obesity remains limited...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617414/obesity
#2
REVIEW
Pedro González-Muniesa, Miguel-Angel Mártinez-González, Frank B Hu, Jean-Pierre Després, Yuji Matsuzawa, Ruth J F Loos, Luis A Moreno, George A Bray, J Alfredo Martinez
Excessive fat deposition in obesity has a multifactorial aetiology, but is widely considered the result of disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Despite specific public health policies and individual treatment efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, >2 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese. The central nervous system circuitry, fuel turnover and metabolism as well as adipose tissue homeostasis are important to comprehend excessive weight gain and associated comorbidities. Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#3
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582827/differences-in-health-related-behaviors-between-middle-school-high-school-and-college-students-in-jiangsu-province-china
#4
Weina Liu, Mike Z He, Yunle Wang, Yan Wang, Yonglin Zhou, Ming Wu, Zhen Tang, Yue Dai, Baojun Yuan, Shiqi Zhen, Lawrence J Cheskin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increasing rates of obesity among Chinese adolescents has become a major public health concern in recent years. Studies have shown that factors such as food choices, physical activity, and screen time play important roles in fostering obesity. We examined a number of biological and social determinants that influence these factors. To determine whether dietary behavior, physical activity, and screen time varied among students in different stages of their education...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578745/exploratory-analysis-of-meal-composition-in-australia-meat-and-accompanying-foods
#5
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Anna Rangan
OBJECTIVE: The study of meal patterns and overall diet in relation to health outcomes may be more important than focusing on single nutrients or food groups. The present study aimed to explore the composition of main meals and snacks in the Australian population and examine associations between meat/poultry/fish and other foods. DESIGN: The study utilised 24 h recalls. Meal composition was defined based on average intakes of food groups per meal disaggregated from all food sources...
June 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576674/public-park-spaces-as-a-platform-to-promote-healthy-living-introducing-a-healthpark-concept
#6
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Samantha Bond, Robert O'Neil, Deepika R Laddu, Andrew P Hills, Carl J Lavie, Amy McNeil
The concept of Healthy Living (HL) as a primary medical intervention continues to gain traction, and rightfully so. Being physically active, consuming a nutritious diet, not smoking and maintaining an appropriate body weight constitute the HL polypill, the foundation of HL medicine (HLM). Daily use of the HL polypill, working toward optimal dosages, portends profound health benefits, substantially reducing the risk of chronic disease [i.e., cardiovascular disease (CVD), pulmonary disease, metabolic syndromes, certain cancers, etc...
May 30, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557192/the-quebec-experience-in-promoting-healthy-lifestyles-and-preventing-obesity-how-can-we-do-better
#7
REVIEW
Y Le Bodo, C Blouin, N Dumas, P De Wals, J Laguë
Over the last years, many actions have been implemented in the Canadian province of Quebec to prevent health issues related to diet, physical activity and obesity. As a new public health programme is being launched, the 'How can we do better?' project aimed to identify priority areas for further action. An exhaustive search led to identify 166 interventions rolled out in Quebec between 2006 and 2014. We compared it with evidence-based recommendations. Findings were challenged during a 2-d deliberative forum gathering 25 key stakeholders...
May 30, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544551/electronic-based-lifestyle-interventions-in-overweight-or-obese-perinatal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Y Lau, P Klainin-Yobas, T P Htun, S N Wong, K L Tan, S T Ho-Lim, C Chi, C Tsai, K W Ong, S Shorey, W S W Tam
Electronic-based (e-based) lifestyle interventions provide potential and cost-effective delivery of remote interventions for overweight and obese perinatal women. To date, no meta-analysis has reported the efficacy of maternal and neonatal outcomes. Seven electronic databases were searched from inception up to July 13, 2016, including the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus. Among the 1,145 studies retrieved, 14 randomized controlled trials were selected among 17 publications...
May 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538854/-obesity-in-children-risk-factors-and-strategies-for-its-prevention-in-peru
#9
Carlos M Del Águila Villar
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents represents an emerging public health problem in Peru, so it is necessary to be aware of the different risk factors in order to establish suitable and efficient prevention measures. These should contribute to health strategies such as promoting physical activity and a healthy diet to ensure that the infant population reaches adulthood without chronic diseases and with an adequate quality of life.
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533568/leveraging-geotagged-twitter-data-to-examine-neighborhood-happiness-diet-and-physical-activity
#10
Quynh C Nguyen, Suraj Kath, Hsien-Wen Meng, Dapeng Li, Ken Robert Smith, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: Using publicly available, geotagged Twitter data, we created neighborhood indicators for happiness, food and physical activity for three large counties: Salt Lake, San Francisco and New York. METHODS: We utilize 2.8 million tweets collected between February-August 2015 in our analysis. Geo-coordinates of where tweets were sent allow us to spatially join them to 2010 census tract locations. We implemented quality control checks and tested associations between Twitter-derived variables and sociodemographic characteristics...
August 2016: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526360/the-flashe-study-survey-development-dyadic-perspectives-and-participant-characteristics
#11
Linda C Nebeling, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Laura A Dwyer, Heather Patrick, Heidi M Blanck, Frank M Perna, Rebecca A Ferrer, Amy L Yaroch
The National Cancer Institute developed the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study to examine multiple cancer preventive behaviors within parent-adolescent dyads. The purpose of creating FLASHE was to enable the examination of physical activity, diet, and other cancer preventive behaviors and potential correlates among parent-adolescent dyads. FLASHE surveys were developed from a process involving literature reviews, scientific input from experts in the field, cognitive testing, and usability testing...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525612/an-effectiveness-hierarchy-of-preventive-interventions-neglected-paradigm-or-self-evident-truth
#12
Simon Capewell, Ann Capewell
Non-communicable disease prevention strategies usually target the four major risk factors of poor diet, tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity. Yet, the most effective approaches remain disputed. However, increasing evidence supports the concept of an effectiveness hierarchy. Thus, 'downstream' preventive activities targeting individuals (such as 1:1 personal advice, health education, 'nudge' or primary prevention medications) consistently achieve a smaller population health impact than interventions aimed further 'upstream' (for instance, smoke-free legislation, alcohol minimum pricing or regulations eliminating dietary transfats)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#13
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521815/proportion-of-cancer-in-a-middle-eastern-country-attributable-to-established-risk-factors
#14
Maya A Charafeddine, Sara H Olson, Deborah Mukherji, Sally N Temraz, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa, Ali I Shamseddine
BACKGROUND: Providing an estimate of the percentage of cancer in Lebanon by 2018 that is due to the exposure to risk factors in 2008. Factors include: smoking, body mass index (BMI), physical inactivity, dietary factors, alcohol consumption, infections, and air pollution in adults. METHOD: Population Attributable Fraction (PAF) was calculated using the proportion of the population exposed and relative risks for each risk factor from meta-analyses. The PAF estimates the proportion of cases in which exposure may have played a causal role...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507516/body-brain-connections-the-effects-of-obesity-and-behavioral-interventions-on-neurocognitive-aging
#15
REVIEW
Chelsea M Stillman, Andrea M Weinstein, Anna L Marsland, Peter J Gianaros, Kirk I Erickson
Obesity is a growing public health problem in the United States, particularly in middle-aged and older adults. Although the key factors leading to a population increase in body weight are still under investigation, there is evidence that certain behavioral interventions can mitigate the negative cognitive and brain ("neurocognitive") health consequences of obesity. The two primary behaviors most often targeted for weight loss are caloric intake and physical activity. These behaviors might have independent, as well as overlapping/synergistic effects on neurocognitive health...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506221/the-association-between-urbanization-and-reduced-renal-function-findings-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#16
Yosuke Inoue, Annie Green Howard, Amanda L Thompson, Michelle A Mendez, Amy H Herring, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health concern in low- and middle-income countries, such as China, few studies have investigated the association between urbanization and the occurrence of CKD in those countries. METHODS: We investigated the association between urbanization and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), an important CKD risk marker. Data came from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009, in which we collected fasting serum, individual and household data along with community level urbanization data, which was used to derive a study-specific urbanization measure, in 218 communities across nine provinces...
May 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489186/overweight-obesity-steps-and-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-in-children
#17
Luis Carlos Oliveira, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Victor Matsudo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to establish cutoff points for the number of steps/day and minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity in relation to the risk of childhood overweight and obesity and their respective associations. In addition, we aim to identify the amount of steps/day needed to achieve the recommendation of moderate to vigorous physical activity in children from São Caetano do Sul. METHODS: In total, 494 children have used an accelerometer to monitor steps/day and the intensity of physical activity (min/day)...
April 27, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481961/healthy-lifestyle-during-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Sylvia E Badon, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Paige D Wartko, Raymond S Miller, Chunfang Qiu, Bizu Gelaye, Tanya K Sorensen, Michelle A Williams
Previous studies have found associations between individual healthy behaviors and reduced risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the association of composite healthy lifestyle during pregnancy with GDM has not been examined. Participants (n = 3,005) in the Omega study, a pregnancy cohort in Washington State (1996-2008), reported diet, physical activity, smoking, and stress during early pregnancy. Lifestyle components were dichotomized into healthy/unhealthy, then combined into a total lifestyle score (0-4)...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475596/long-term-rebaudioside-a-treatment-does-not-alter-circadian-activity-rhythms-adiposity-or-insulin-action-in-male-mice
#19
Thomas H Reynolds, Rachelle A Soriano, Obadi A Obadi, Stanley Murkland, Bernard Possidente
Obesity is a major public health problem that is highly associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, two conditions associated with circadian disruption. To date, dieting is one of the only interventions that result in substantial weight loss, but restricting caloric intake is difficult to maintain long-term. The use of artificial sweeteners, particularly in individuals that consume sugar sweetened beverages (energy drinks, soda), can reduce caloric intake and possibly facilitate weight loss. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of the artificial sweetener, rebaudioside A (Reb-A), on circadian rhythms, in vivo insulin action, and the susceptibility to diet-induced obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471699/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-examining-the-effectiveness-of-mobile-health-technologies-in-using-self-monitoring-for-pediatric-weight-management
#20
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a public health concern related to multiple negative physical and psychosocial problems. While behavioral weight control (BWC) interventions are generally effective in decreasing pediatric weight status, these interventions are not able to reach the third of U.S. children currently classified as overweight or obese. METHOD: This review and meta-analysis examined the overall effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) technologies employing self-monitoring, a central component of change within BWC, to decrease pediatric weight status...
May 4, 2017: Childhood Obesity
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