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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429924/dietary-choice-and-health-behaviors-in-eastern-chinese-women-a-descriptive-population-based-survey-and-review-of-public-health-data
#1
Feng Wang, Fei Wang, Lixiang Yu, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urbanization in China has increased the prevalence of high-fat and low-fiber diets, and of adverse health behaviors associated with an increased risk of diet-related, non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) in eastern Chinese women. This study aimed to characterize the dietary intake and health behaviors in eastern Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data of 122,058 women aged 25 to 70 who completed a multi-staged, stratified, cluster sampling epidemiological survey in eastern China in 2008, including self-report of diet and lifestyle information (sleep, physical activity, work, etc...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428170/who-uses-mobile-phone-health-apps-and-does-use-matter-a-secondary-data-analytics-approach
#2
Jennifer K Carroll, Anne Moorhead, Raymond Bond, William G LeBlanc, Robert J Petrella, Kevin Fiscella
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone use and the adoption of healthy lifestyle software apps ("health apps") are rapidly proliferating. There is limited information on the users of health apps in terms of their social demographic and health characteristics, intentions to change, and actual health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to (1) to describe the sociodemographic characteristics associated with health app use in a recent US nationally representative sample; (2) to assess the attitudinal and behavioral predictors of the use of health apps for health promotion; and (3) to examine the association between the use of health-related apps and meeting the recommended guidelines for fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417426/telehealth-delivery-of-the-diabetes-prevention-program-to-rural-communities
#3
Liane M Vadheim, Katherine Patch, Sarah M Brokaw, Dorota Carpenedo, Marcene K Butcher, Steven D Helgerson, Todd S Harwell
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, State and Local Health Departments, and other organizations in the USA are working to increase population access to the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle intervention. Delivering the DPP through telehealth videoconference may increase access to this intervention, particularly in rural communities. The purpose of this study was to compare participation, monitoring of diet and physical activity, and weight loss in participants receiving the intervention on-site and those participating virtually through telehealth...
April 17, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410861/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-health-by-occupation-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-u-s-workers-aged-%C3%A2-45-years
#4
Leslie A MacDonald, Stephen Bertke, Misty J Hein, Suzanne Judd, Sherry Baron, Robert Merritt, Virginia J Howard
INTRODUCTION: Identification of groups with poor cardiovascular health (CVH) can inform where and how to target public health efforts. National prevalence estimates of CVH were derived for clinical (blood glucose, total cholesterol, blood pressure) and behavioral (BMI, diet quality, physical activity, smoking) factors among U.S. workers aged ≥45 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 6,282 employed black and white men and women aged ≥45 years enrolled in the national population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study from 2003 to 2007...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407234/mediterranean-diet-decreases-adolescent-waist-circumference
#5
Flora Bacopoulou, Georgios Landis, Anastasios Rentoumis, Artemis Tsitsika, Vasiliki Efthymiou
BACKGROUND: To explore the effects of a multicomponent-multilevel school-based educational intervention on the nutritional habits and abdominal obesity indices of a representative adolescent sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 1,610 adolescents aged 12-17 years in 23 public high schools of three municipalities in the Attica region in Greece, participated in a program funded by the European Union (August 2013-August 2014). Participants underwent dietary assessment with the use of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents (KIDMED), blood pressure assessment and screening for general and abdominal obesity by measuring body mass index, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), at baseline and following a six-month school-based intervention...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381252/tracing-africa-s-progress-towards-implementing-the-non-communicable-diseases-global-action-plan-2013-2020-a-synthesis-of-who-country-profile-reports
#6
Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba, Karien Stronks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Andre Pascal Kengne, Charles Agyemang
BACKGROUND: Half of the estimated annual 28 million non-communicable diseases (NCDs) deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are attributed to weak health systems. Current health policy responses to NCDs are fragmented and vertical particularly in the African region. The World Health Organization (WHO) led NCDs Global action plan 2013-2020 has been recommended for reducing the NCD burden but it is unclear whether Africa is on track in its implementation. This paper synthesizes Africa's progress towards WHO policy recommendations for reducing the NCD burden...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381213/assessing-junk-food-consumption-among-australian-children-trends-and-associated-characteristics-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
S Boylan, L L Hardy, B A Drayton, A Grunseit, S Mihrshahi
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous supply of junk foods in our food environment has been partly blamed for the increased rates in overweight and obesity. However, consumption of these foods has generally been examined individually perhaps obscuring the true extent of their combined consumption and impact on health. An overall measure of children's junk food consumption may prove useful in the development of child obesity prevention strategies. We describe the development of a children's Junk Food Intake Measure (JFIM) to summarise temporal change in junk food consumption and examine the association between the JFIM and health-related behaviours...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379828/retirement-and-healthy-lifestyle-a-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-data-report
#8
Dana E King, Jun Xiang
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the rates of healthy lifestyle adherence among retired late-middle-aged adults with rates among those who are still working. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination survey (NHANES). The main outcome was the proportion of retires versus nonretirees who were adherent to ideal or intermediate goals of the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7, cardiovascular factors including physical activity, healthy diet, healthy weight, smoking status, total cholesterol, glucose, and blood pressure...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371929/inventory-of-surveillance-systems-assessing-dietary-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#9
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Inge Huybrechts, Barbara F Thumann, Antje Hebestreit, Peter M Abuja, Stefaan de Henauw, Carine Dubuisson, Thorsten Heuer, Celine M Murrin, Giacomo Lazzeri, Caroline van Rossum, Lene F Andersen, Robert Szeklicki, Jesús Vioque, Rachel Berry, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Wolfgang Ahrens, Nadia Slimani
There is a need for harmonized public health surveillance systems to monitor regional variations and temporal trends of health behaviours and health outcomes and to align policies, action plans and recommendations in terms of healthy diet and physical (in)activity within Europe. We provide an inventory of currently existing surveillance systems assessing diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in Europe as a tool to assist in the identification of gaps and needs and to contribute to the roadmap for an integrated pan-European surveillance system...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359099/pediatric-obesity-assessment-treatment-and-prevention-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#10
Dennis M Styne, Silva A Arslanian, Ellen L Connor, Ismaa Sadaf Farooqi, M Hassan Murad, Janet H Silverstein, Jack A Yanovski
Cosponsoring Associations: The European Society of Endocrinology and the Pediatric Endocrine Society. This guideline was funded by the Endocrine Society. Objective: To formulate clinical practice guidelines for the assessment, treatment, and prevention of pediatric obesity. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed Task Force of 6 experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#11
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325079/dietary-guidelines-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#12
Colin W Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Qiu Liqian, Georgia S Guldan, Tomiko Hokama, Keiko Nanishi, Sreymom Oy, Li Tang, Alfred Zerfas
Nutrition is a major determinant of health throughout all stages of life and together with smoking is the most important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the Asia Pacific Region. The workshop participants examined Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides that are in use in our region, together with additional materials from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Cancer Research Foundation. The resulting set of guidelines is meant as a reminder of the main issues to be covered in a general public health education program...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283913/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-updated-overview
#13
REVIEW
E Chiefari, B Arcidiacono, D Foti, A Brunetti
The clinical and public health relevance of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is widely debated due to its increasing incidence, the resulting negative economic impact, and the potential for severe GDM-related pregnancy complications. Also, effective prevention strategies in this area are still lacking, and controversies exist regarding diagnosis and management of this form of diabetes. Different diagnostic criteria are currently adopted worldwide, while recommendations for diet, physical activity, healthy weight, and use of oral hypoglycemic drugs are not always uniform...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273202/lifestyle-intervention-using-the-psychoeducational-approach-is-associated-with-greater-cardiometabolic-benefits-and-retention-of-individuals-with-worse-health-status
#14
Adriana Cezaretto, Camila Risso de Barros, Bianca de Almeida-Pititto, Antonela Siqueira-Catania, Milena Monfort-Pires, Luciana Gavilan Dias Folchetti, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira
Objective: This study aimed to compare the effects of two lifestyle intervention programs for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention - traditional or interdisciplinary psychoeducation-based intervention - in daily habits and cardiometabolic risk factors and investigate the role of the psychoeducational approach for the retention of individuals in the program. Subjects and methods: Between 2008 and 2010, in a public health service, 183 pre-diabetic individuals were allocated to two 18-month interventions involving diet and physical activity...
January 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264692/a-three-component-cognitive-behavioural-lifestyle-program-for-preconceptional-weight-loss-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
G Jiskoot, S H Benneheij, A Beerthuizen, J E de Niet, C de Klerk, R Timman, J J Busschbach, J S E Laven
BACKGROUND: Obesity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) negatively affects all clinical features, and a 5 to 10% weight loss has shown promising results on reproductive, metabolic and psychological level. Incorporating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity and changing dysfunctional thought patterns in women with PCOS are key points in losing weight. The biggest challenge in weight management programs is to achieve a reasonable and sustainable weight loss. The aim of this study is to explore whether Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) by a mental health professional, working in a multidisciplinary team with a dietician and a physical therapist (a three-component intervention), is more effective for weight loss in the long term, within 12 months...
March 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239013/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-lifestyle-improvement-through-food-and-exercise-life-study
#16
Elizabeth Lynch, Laurin J Mack, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth Avery, Rebecca Liebman, Kathryn S Keim, Crystal M Glover, Leon Fogelfeld
African Americans experience poorer diabetes outcomes than non-Hispanic Whites. Few clinical trials of diabetes self-management interventions specifically target African Americans, perhaps due to well-documented barriers to recruitment in this population. This paper describes strategies used to successfully recruit 211 low-income African Americans from community clinics of a large, urban public hospital system to a randomized clinical trial of an 18-month diabetes self-management intervention. Diabetes-related physiological, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics of the sample are reported...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236962/the-effectiveness-and-cost-of-lifestyle-interventions-including-nutrition-education-for-diabetes-prevention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Yu Sun, Wen You, Fabio Almeida, Paul Estabrooks, Brenda Davy
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a significant public health concern. With the completion of the Diabetes Prevention Program, there has been a proliferation of studies attempting to translate this evidence base into practice. However, the cost, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of these adapted interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis to synthesize the effectiveness, cost, and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle diabetes prevention interventions and compare effects by intervention delivery agent (dietitian vs non-dietitian) and channel (in-person vs technology-delivered)...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224926/a-30-month-worksite-based-lifestyle-program-to-promote-cardiovascular-health-in-middle-aged-bank-employees-design-of-the-tansnip-pesa-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jennifer K Coffeng, Hidde P van der Ploeg, José M Castellano, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Borja Ibáñez, Inés García-Lunar, Allard J van der Beek, Antonio Fernández-Ortiz, Agustín Mocoroa, Laura García-Leal, Evelyn Cárdenas, Carolina Rojas, María I Martínez-Castro, Silvia Santiago-Sacristán, Miriam Fernández-Gallardo, José M Mendiguren, Sameer Bansilal, Willem van Mechelen, Valentín Fuster
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. With atherosclerosis as the underlying cause for many CVD events, prevention or reduction of subclinical atherosclerotic plaque burden (SAPB) through a healthier lifestyle may have substantial public health benefits. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe the protocol of a randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of a 30-month worksite-based lifestyle program aimed to promote cardiovascular health in participants having a high or a low degree of SAPB compared with standard care...
February 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215975/physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-prevention-is-healthy-urban-living-a-possible-reality-or-utopia
#19
REVIEW
Silvio Buscemi, Carla Giordano
Favoring correct lifestyles is the most important measure to contrast cardiovascular diseases and the epidemic of high cardiovascular risk conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. Lifestyle is a broad expression that includes diet, physical exercise, and psychological and socio-economic factors, each of which must be taken into due consideration because of their intertwining influences, which may be a barrier to healthy changes at both the individual and population levels. While physical activity has probably received less attention in the last decades, it is likely the most important among the modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186927/patterns-of-health-related-behaviours-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-national-survey-of-school-health-brazil-2012
#20
Catarina Machado Azeredo, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Ricardo Araya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the clustering of multiple health-related behaviours among adolescents and describe which socio-demographic characteristics are associated with these patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Brazilian schools assessed by the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE, 2012). PARTICIPANTS: 104 109 Brazilian ninth-grade students from public and private schools (response rate=82...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
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