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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908845/design-response-rates-and-population-characteristics-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-zanzibar-tanzania
#1
Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Ali Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
BACKGROUND: Data on nutritional status and correlates of noncommunicable diseases are scarce for resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan countries. With the scope of a project, "Access to Food and Nutrition Status of the Zanzibari Population," data for investigating public health questions were collected using proven measurement and laboratory standards. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at providing a descriptive overview of recruitment approaches, standardization, quality control measures, and data collection, with special attention to the design, responses, and participant characteristics of the overall project...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894012/depression-in-cancer-the-many-biobehavioral-pathways-driving-tumor-progression
#2
REVIEW
Beatrice Bortolato, Thomas N Hyphantis, Sara Valpione, Giulia Perini, Michael Maes, Gerwyn Morris, Marta Kubera, Cristiano A Köhler, Brisa S Fernandes, Brendon Stubbs, Nicholas Pavlidis, André F Carvalho
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is common among cancer patients, with prevalence rates up to four-times higher than the general population. Depression confers worse outcomes, including non-adherence to treatment and increased mortality in the oncology setting. Advances in the understanding of neurobiological underpinnings of depression have revealed shared biobehavioral mechanisms may contribute to cancer progression. Moreover, psychosocial stressors in cancer promote: (1) inflammation and oxidative/nitrosative stress; (2) a decreased immunosurveillance; and (3) a dysfunctional activation of the autonomic nervous system and of the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal axis...
November 16, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884840/long-term-effects-of-the-active-for-life-year-5-afly5-school-based-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Emma L Anderson, Laura D Howe, Ruth R Kipping, Rona Campbell, Russell Jago, Sian M Noble, Sian Wells, Catherine Chittleborough, Tim J Peters, Debbie A Lawlor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term effectiveness of a school-based intervention to improve physical activity and diet in children. DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 60 primary schools in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS: Primary school children who were aged 8-9 years at recruitment, 9-10 years during the intervention and 10-11 years at the long-term follow-up assessment. INTERVENTION: Teacher training, provision of lesson and child-parent interactive homework plans and teaching materials...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881518/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-brief-habit-based-lifestyle-advice-for-cancer-survivors-exploring-behavioural-outcomes-for-the-advancing-survivorship-cancer-outcomes-trial-ascot
#4
Rebecca J Beeken, Helen Croker, Maggie Heinrich, Lee Smith, Kate Williams, Allan Hackshaw, John Hines, Michael Machesney, Madhavan Krishnaswamy, Sharon Cavanagh, Rebecca Roylance, Alison Hill, Kathy Pritchard-Jones, Jane Wardle, Abigail Fisher
INTRODUCTION: Positive health behaviours such as regular physical activity and a healthy diet have significant effects on cancer outcomes. There is a need for simple but effective behaviour change interventions with the potential to be implemented within the cancer care pathway. Habit-based advice encourages repetition of a behaviour in a consistent context so that the behaviour becomes increasingly automatic in response to a specific contextual cue. This approach therefore encourages long-term behaviour change and can be delivered through printed materials...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871956/evidence-for-masturbation-and-prostate-cancer-risk-do-we-have-a-verdict
#5
REVIEW
Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Michael W Ross
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the leading causes of cancer death in men and remains one of the most diagnosed malignancies worldwide. Ongoing public health efforts continue to promote protective factors, such as diet, physical activity, and other lifestyle modifications, against PCa development. Masturbation is a nearly universal safe sexual activity that transcends societal boundaries and geography yet continues to be met with stigma and controversy in contemporary society...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870856/dietary-intake-influences-adult-fertility-and-offspring-fitness-in-zebrafish
#6
Trent Newman, Noel Jhinku, Michael Meier, Julia Horsfield
The burden of malnutrition, including both over- and undernutrition, is a major public health concern. Here we used a zebrafish model of diet-induced obesity to analyze the impact of dietary intake on fertility and the phenotype of the next generation. Over an eight-week period, one group received 60 mg of food each day (60 mg arm), while another received 5 mg (5 mg arm). At the end of the diet, the body mass index of the 60 mg arm was 1.5 fold greater than the 5 mg arm. The intervention also had a marked impact on fertility; breeding success and egg production in the 60 mg arm were increased 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845490/cognitive-disability-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-its-management
#7
M Corsi, T Di Raimo, C Di Lorenzo, M Rapp-Ricciardi, T Archer, S Ricci, R Businaro
Cognitive disability linked to neurodegenerative diseases and in particular to Alzheimer's disease, remains an increasing cause for concern through a dramatic prevalence increment and associated socio-economic burdens. Initially Alzheimer's disease develops asymptomatically with primary clinical signs, such as memory impairment, decline of spatial and perceptual abilities, occurring at a later stage. This delay implies the possibility of promoting early interventions during the pre-symptomatic stage of the disease...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834444/benchmarking-the-health-of-health-sciences-students-at-kuwait-university-towards-a-culture-of-health
#8
N Al-Sayegh, N Al-Shuwai, S Ramadan, T Al-Qurba, S M Al-Obaidi, E Dean
Health professional entry-to-practice programmes are intense, competitive and prolonged. The aims of this study were to benchmark the health of health sciences students at Kuwait University, thereby informing student health services, and to establish a base for individual student's health assessments throughout the programmes. We used a convenience sample of 176 students. Assessment included a health/wellness questionnaire (smoking, nutrition, physical activity, sleep and stress) and objective measures (resting heart rate, blood pressure, waist-to-hip ratio and random blood glucose)...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816833/diet-body-size-physical-activity%C3%A2-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-an-umbrella-review-of-the-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Georgios Markozannes, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Dimitra Karli, Evangelos Evangelou, Evangelia Ntzani, Marc J Gunter, Teresa Norat, John P Ioannidis, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
The existing literature on the relationship between diet, body size, physical activity and prostate cancer risk was summarised by the World Cancer Research Fund Continuous Update Project (CUP). An evaluation of the robustness of this evidence is required to help inform public health policy. The robustness of this evidence was evaluated using several criteria addressing evidence strength and validity, including the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study in a meta-analysis, number of prostate cancer cases, between-study heterogeneity, 95% prediction intervals, small-study effects bias, excess significance bias and sensitivity analyses with credibility ceilings...
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815932/mediterranean-diet-in-the-southern-croatia-does-it-still-exist
#10
Ivana Kolčić, Ajka Relja, Andrea Gelemanović, Ana Miljković, Kristina Boban, Caroline Hayward, Igor Rudan, Ozren Polašek
AIM: To assess the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the population of Dalmatia in southern Croatia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed within the 10001 Dalmatians cohort, encompassing 2768 participants from Korčula and Vis islands and the City of Split, who were recruited during 2011-2014. Using the data obtained from food frequency questionnaire we calculated the Mediterranean Diet Serving Score (MDSS). Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the characteristics associated with the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, with age, sex, place of residence, education attainment, smoking, and physical activity as covariates...
October 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815299/clustering-patterns-of-obesity-related-multiple-lifestyle-behaviours-and-their-associations-with-overweight-and-family-environments-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japanese-preschool-children
#11
Etsuko Watanabe, Jung Su Lee, Katsumi Mori, Kiyoshi Kawakubo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is (1) to identify obesity-related lifestyle behaviour patterns of diet, physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours in preschool children, (2) to examine the association between identified behaviour clusters and overweight/obesity and (3) to investigate differences in children's family environments according to clusters. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study on 2114 preschool children aged 3-6 years who attended childcare facilities (24 nursery schools and 10 kindergartens) in Tsuruoka city, Japan in April 2003 was conducted...
November 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804959/yogurt-diet-quality-and-lifestyle-factors
#12
REVIEW
S Panahi, M A Fernandez, A Marette, A Tremblay
Yogurt consumption has been associated with healthy dietary patterns and lifestyles, better diet quality and healthier metabolic profiles. Studies have shown that frequent yogurt consumers do not only have higher nutrient intakes, but also an improved diet quality, which includes higher consumption of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and dairy compared with low or non-consumers indicating better compliance with dietary guidelines. Recent epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that yogurt contributes to better metabolic health because of its effects on the control of body weight, energy homeostasis and glycemic control...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802843/tackling-obesity-in-areas-of-high-social-deprivation-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-task-based-weight-management-group-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#13
Hayden McRobbie, Peter Hajek, Sarrah Peerbux, Brennan C Kahan, Sandra Eldridge, Dominic Trépel, Steve Parrott, Chris Griffiths, Sarah Snuggs, Katie Myers Smith
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of people require help to manage their weight. The NHS recommends weight loss advice by general practitioners and/or a referral to a practice nurse. Although this is helpful for some, more effective approaches that can be disseminated economically on a large scale are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not a task-based weight management programme [Weight Action Programme (WAP)] has better long-term effects than a 'best practice' intervention provided in primary care by practice nurses...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798001/primary-care-interventions-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-behaviours-in-adolescents-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#14
Dagmar M Haller, Eva Pfarrwaller, Bernard Cerutti, Jean-Michel Gaspoz
INTRODUCTION: Health-compromising behaviours are often acquired in adolescence. Alongside broader public health interventions, preventive interventions within primary care have the potential to encourage long-lasting behaviour change by tailoring messages to each individual. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of primary care interventions in reducing the 3 main cardiovascular risk behaviours (smoking, low physical activity and unhealthy diet) in adolescents aged 10-19 years...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797234/life-style-habits-in-a-high-risk-area-for-upper-gastrointestinal-cancers-a-population-based-study-from-shanxi-china
#15
Yi-Kun Cheng, Shang-Man Yao, Yi-Ran Xu, Run-Gui Niu
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a burden on humanity and ranks as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in China. Shanxi province has its unique cancer patterns and the burden is increasing. In this study, we aimed to assess the pattern of dietary habits and life-style in Shanxi, a high-risk area for upper gastrointestinal cancers in China and further evaluate the trends in cancer incidence and mortality based on registered data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on lifestyle, diet, physical activity were obtained from the household health survey at Zhongyang from 2013 to 2015...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793125/living-well-after-breast-cancer-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-evaluating-a-telephone-delivered-weight-loss-intervention-versus-usual-care-in-women-following-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#16
Marina M Reeves, Caroline O Terranova, Jane M Erickson, Jennifer R Job, Denise S K Brookes, Nicole McCarthy, Ingrid J Hickman, Sheleigh P Lawler, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Monika Janda, J Lennert Veerman, Robert S Ware, Johannes B Prins, Theo Vos, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Elizabeth G Eakin
BACKGROUND: Obesity, physical inactivity and poor diet quality have been associated with increased risk of breast cancer-specific and all-cause mortality as well as treatment-related side-effects in breast cancer survivors. Weight loss intervention trials in breast cancer survivors have shown that weight loss is safe and achievable; however, few studies have examined the benefits of such interventions on a broad range of outcomes and few have examined factors important to translation (e...
October 28, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784301/the-involvement-of-young-people-in-school-and-community-based-noncommunicable-disease-prevention-interventions-a-scoping-review-of-designs-and-outcomes
#17
Didier Jourdan, Julie Hellesøe Christensen, Emily Darlington, Ane Høstgaard Bonde, Paul Bloch, Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Since stakeholders' active engagement is essential for public health strategies to be effective, this review is focused on intervention designs and outcomes of school- and community-based noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention interventions involving children and young people. METHODS: The review process was based on the principles of scoping reviews. A systematic search was conducted in eight major databases in October 2015. Empirical studies published in English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish were considered...
October 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783041/vitamin-d-and-calcium-intakes-physical-activity-and-calcaneus-bmc-among-school-going-13-year-old-malaysian-adolescents
#18
A A Suriawati, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Nabilla Al-Sadat, Mohd Nahar Azmi Mohamed, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin
BACKGROUND: Dietary calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone development. Apart from diet, physical activity may potentially improve and sustain bone health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D, physical activity, and bone mineral content (BMC) in 13-year-old Malaysian adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Selected public secondary schools from the central and northern regions of Peninsular Malaysia...
October 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759337/management-practices-in-indian-patients-with-uncontrolled-hypertension
#19
Rajkumar Bharatia, Manoj Chitale, Ganesh Narain Saxena, Raman Ganesh Kumar, Chikkalingaiah, Abhijit Trailokya, Kalpesh Dalvi, Suhas Talele
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HTN), being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is an important issue of medical and public health. High blood pressure (BP) is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010). Hypertension (HTN) exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and healthcare systems in India. Uncontrolled hypertension among adults with hypertension is associated with increased mortality...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753805/ssa-02-4-disparities-in-hypertension-management-of-ckd-in-south-asia
#20
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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