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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161378/health-behaviours-as-a-predictor-of-quitting-hazardous-alcohol-use-in-the-stockholm-public-health-cohort
#1
Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Maria R Galanti
Background: Adopting healthy behaviours may facilitate the transition from hazardous to non-hazardous use of alcohol, yet, longitudinal studies of health behaviours in relation to the cessation of hazardous alcohol use are rare. We addressed this question using data from a large population-based cohort of adults in Sweden (Stockholm Public Health Cohort). Methods: Participants from two sub-cohorts (inception in 2002 and 2010), with follow-up until the year 2014 were included...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149890/physical-activity-and-calorie-intake-mediate-the-relationship-from-depression-to-body-fat-mass-among-female-mexican-health-workers
#2
Amado D Quezada, Nayeli Macías-Waldman, Jorge Salmerón, Tessa Swigart, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Depression is a foremost cause of morbidity throughout the world and the prevalence of depression in women is about twice as high as men. Additionally, overweight and obesity are major global health concerns. We explored the relationship between depression and body fat, and the role of physical activity and diet as mediators of this relationship in a sample of 456 adult female Mexican health workers. METHOD: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses using data from adult women of the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) Measures of body fat mass (kg from DEXA), dietary intake (kcal from FFQ), leisure time activity (METs/wk) and depression (CES-D) were determined in two waves (2004-2006 and 2010-2011)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117929/a-fully-automated-web-based-program-improves-lifestyle-habits-and-hba1c-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-abdominal-obesity-randomized-trial-of-patient-e-coaching-nutritional-support-the-anode-study
#3
Boris Hansel, Philippe Giral, Laetitia Gambotti, Alexandre Lafourcade, Gilbert Peres, Claude Filipecki, Diana Kadouch, Agnes Hartemann, Jean-Michel Oppert, Eric Bruckert, Michel Marre, Arnaud Bruneel, Emilie Duchene, Ronan Roussel
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a public health challenge. New solutions need to be developed to help patients implement lifestyle changes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate a fully automated Web-based intervention designed to help users improve their dietary habits and increase their physical activity. METHODS: The Accompagnement Nutritionnel de l'Obésité et du Diabète par E-coaching (ANODE) study was a 16-week, 1:1 parallel-arm, open-label randomized clinical trial...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115995/developing-a-systems-based-framework-of-the-factors-influencing-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviours-in-ethnic-minority-populations-living-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#4
Michelle Holdsworth, Mary Nicolaou, Lars Jørun Langøien, Hibbah Araba Osei-Kwasi, Sebastien F M Chastin, F Marijn Stok, Laura Capranica, Nanna Lien, Laura Terragni, Pablo Monsivais, Mario Mazzocchi, Lea Maes, Gun Roos, Caroline Mejean, Katie Powell, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: Some ethnic minority populations have a higher risk of non-communicable diseases than the majority European population. Diet and physical activity behaviours contribute to this risk, shaped by a system of inter-related factors. This study mapped a systems-based framework of the factors influencing dietary and physical activity behaviours in ethnic minority populations living in Europe, to inform research prioritisation and intervention development. METHODS: A concept mapping approach guided by systems thinking was used: i...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078744/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-food-addiction-and-nutritional-status-in-schizophrenic-patients
#5
Özge Küçükerdönmez, Murat Urhan, Merve Altın, Özge Hacıraifoğlu, Burak Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of today's most important public health problems. It is suggested that overeating and substance addiction show similarities, and addiction to food may be an important factor in the obesity epidemic. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of food addiction among schizophrenic patients and to examine the relationship between food addiction and anthropometric measurements and dietary nutrient intake. METHODS: Study participants included a total of 104 schizophrenic outpatients, 62 females and 42 males...
October 27, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074513/study-protocol-for-the-helpmedoit-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-an-app-web-and-social-support-based-weight-loss-intervention-for-adults-with-obesity
#6
Lynsay Matthews, Juliana Pugmire, Laurence Moore, Mark Kelson, Alex McConnachie, Emma McIntosh, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Simon Murphy, Kathryn Hughes, Elinor Coulman, Olga Utkina-Macaskill, Sharon Anne Simpson
INTRODUCTION: HelpMeDoIt! will test the feasibility of an innovative weight loss intervention using a smartphone app and website. Goal setting, self-monitoring and social support are three key facilitators of behaviour change. HelpMeDoIt! incorporates these features and encourages participants to invite 'helpers' from their social circle to help them achieve their goal(s). AIM: To test the feasibility of the intervention in supporting adults with obesity to achieve weight loss goals...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066933/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-and-risk-of-long-duration-troublesome-neck-pain-or-low-back-pain-among-men-and-women-results-from-the-stockholm-public-health-cohort
#7
Eva Skillgate, Oscar Javier Pico-Espinosa, Johan Hallqvist, Tony Bohman, Lena W Holm
BACKGROUND: The role of healthy lifestyle behavior (HLB) in terms of physical activity, alcohol intake, smoking, and diet put together has not yet been explored for the risk of low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP). Our aim was to study if an HLB is protective against the onset of long duration troublesome LBP and NP in men and women. METHODS: Two cohorts from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort, free from LBP (n=12,483) and NP (n=10,539), respectively, in 2006, were surveyed with questionnaires...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050810/how-to-not-detonate-the-bomb-the-case-of-the-italian-national-health-service
#8
G La Torre, A Federici
Why is Italy one of the world's highest ranked for ability and quality of healthcare in relationship to the resources invested? The last decade has been characterized by many Italian Regions with Recovery Plans, whose main focus was on short-term issues with a high impact on healthcare costs. Italy is now leaving this phase and at the regional level there will be an increase of new hirings in the healthcare sectors, as stated by the Ministry of Health. There is a large amount of scientific literature that supports the role of factors such as lifestyles, diet and genetics as the base of population health...
October 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048455/improving-knowledge-and-behaviors-on-diet-and-physical-activity-in-children-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-field-trial
#9
G La Torre, A Mannocci, R Saulle, A Sinopoli, V D'Egidio, C Sestili, R Manfuso, D Masala
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge of healthy eating, to encourage change in nutritional behavior in accordance with the Mediterranean diet and to promote physical activity in children aged 7 to 9 years and their parents in a school setting through the use of cards and board games of the project Giochiamo (Let us play). METHODS: This experimental randomized field trial enrolled children in a school setting. The trial consisted of two phases...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019343/the-association-between-dietary-inflammatory-properties-and-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-fracture-in-us-adults
#10
M Mazidi, N Shivappa, M D Wirth, J R Hebert, H Vatanparast, A P Kengne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of dietary inflammatory index (DII) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in adult Americans.Subjects/Method:The United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants during 2005-2010 were included if they had measured data on dietary intake and BMD. DII scores were calculated from estimated micro- and macronutrients from a single 24-h dietary recall. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry densitometers...
November 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977318/lifestyle-indicators-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescents
#11
Eduardo Rossato de Victo, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, João Pedro da Silva, Timóteo Leandro Araújo, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lifestyle indicators associated with cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents from Ilhabela, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The sample consisted of 181 adolescents (53% male) from the Mixed Longitudinal Project on Growth, Development, and Physical Fitness of Ilhabela. Body composition (weight, height, and body mass index, or BMI), school transportation, time spent sitting, physical activity, sports, television time (TV), having a TV in the bedroom, sleep, health perception, diet, and economic status (ES) were analyzed...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910267/surveillance-for-certain-health-behaviors-and-conditions-among-states-and-selected-local-areas-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-and-2014
#13
Sonya Gamble, Tebitha Mawokomatanda, Fang Xu, Pranesh P Chowdhury, Carol Pierannunzi, David Flegel, William Garvin, Machell Town
PROBLEM: Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart diseases, stroke, arthritis, and diabetes) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. These conditions are costly to the U.S. economy, yet they are often preventable or controllable. Behavioral risk factors (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, poor diet, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep) are linked to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Adopting positive health behaviors (e...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#14
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882920/the-hat-trick-programme-for-improving-physical-activity-healthy-eating-and-connectedness-among-overweight-inactive-men-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-feasibility-trial
#15
Cristina M Caperchione, Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Steven T Johnson, Kate Hunt, Paul Sharp, Kayla M Fitzpatrick, Ryley Price, S Larry Goldenberg
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity, healthy eating and maintaining a healthy weight are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer and with improved mental health. Despite these benefits, many men do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines and have poor eating behaviours. Many health promotion programmes hold little appeal to men and consequently fail to influence men's health practices. HAT TRICK was designed as a 12-week face-to-face, gender-sensitised intervention for overweight and inactive men focusing on physical activity, healthy eating and social connectedness and was delivered in collaboration with a major junior Canadian ice hockey team (age range 16-20 years)...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841159/bisphenol-a-and-metabolic-diseases-challenges-for-occupational-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Lidia Caporossi, Bruno Papaleo
The prevalence of metabolic diseases has markedly increased worldwide during the last few decades. Lifestyle factors (physical activity, energy-dense diets), together with a genetic predisposition, are well known factors in the pathophysiology of health problems. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical compound used for polycarbonate plastics, food containers, epoxy resins coating metallic cans for food and beverage conservation. The ability of BPA to act as an endocrine disruptor-xenoestrogen in particular-is largely documented in literature, with numerous publications of in vivo and in vitro studies as well as epidemiological data on humans...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840040/predictors-of-hypertension-in-a-population-of-undergraduate-students-in-sierra-leone
#17
Aiah Lebbie, Richard Wadsworth, Janette Saidu, Camilla Bangura
We report on the first survey of hypertension in undergraduates in Sierra Leone. Levels of hypertension (12%) and obesity (4%) appear low compared to the general population but given the rapid increase of both and the expectation that many graduates will enter the formal employment sector and a sedentary lifestyle, there is still cause for concern. We measured their BMI (body mass index) and used a questionnaire to investigate demographic and lifestyle choices. In agreement with most authorities, we found that BMI and age were statistically significant predictors of systolic and diastolic blood pressure but that the explanatory power was low (r = 0...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837703/combinatorial-effects-of-zinc-deficiency-and-arsenic-exposure-on-zebrafish-danio-rerio-development
#18
Laura M Beaver, Lisa Truong, Carrie L Barton, Tyler T Chase, Greg D Gonnerman, Carmen P Wong, Robert L Tanguay, Emily Ho
Zinc deficiency and chronic low level exposures to inorganic arsenic in drinking water are both significant public health concerns that affect millions of people including pregnant women. These two conditions can co-exist in the human population but little is known about their interaction, and in particular, whether zinc deficiency sensitizes individuals to arsenic exposure and toxicity, especially during critical windows of development. To address this, we utilized the Danio rerio (zebrafish) model to test the hypothesis that parental zinc deficiency sensitizes the developing embryo to low-concentration arsenic toxicity, leading to altered developmental outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822682/a-systematic-review-of-digital-interventions-for-improving-the-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adolescents
#19
REVIEW
Taylor Rose, Mary Barker, Chandni Maria Jacob, Leanne Morrison, Wendy Lawrence, Sofia Strömmer, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, David Farrell, Hazel Inskip, Janis Baird
Many adolescents have poor diet and physical activity behaviors, which can lead to the development of noncommunicable diseases in later life. Digital platforms offer inexpensive means of delivering health interventions, but little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of digital interventions to improve diet quality and increase physical activity in adolescents, to effective intervention components and to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#20
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
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