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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#1
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338438/challenges-in-adult-vaccination
#2
Eduardo de Gomensoro, Giuseppe Del Giudice, T Mark Doherty
Life-long primary prevention interventions beginning and continuing throughout an individual's lifetime are increasingly seen as key to meeting the global healthcare challenges that accompany demographic changes - a concept referred to as "Healthy aging". In this perspective, vaccination is seen as part of a triad, together with healthy diet and exercise. Current adult vaccine coverage is lower than target vaccination rates in most developed countries, and so vaccine preventable diseases continue to present a substantial burden on health and healthcare resources, especially in older individuals...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334983/an-individually-tailored-family-centered-intervention-for-pediatric-obesity-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-type-ii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-raising-healthy-children-study
#3
Justin D Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C Atkins, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J Grimm, Thomas J Dishion, Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K Meachum, Emily Winslow, Meg M Bruening
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331698/exploring-metabolic-factors-and-health-behaviors-in-relation-to-suicide-attempts-a-case-control-study
#4
Stefan Perera, Rebecca B Eisen, Meha Bhatt, Brittany B Dennis, Monica Bawor, Wala El-Sheikh, Jane DeJesus, Sumathy Rangarajan, Heather Sholer, Elisabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Shofiqul Islam, Mahshid Dehghan, Jennifer Brasch, David Meyre, Russell de Souza, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a serious public health concern with devastating global impact, thereby necessitating the development of an adequate prevention strategy. Few known risk factors of suicide attempts are directly modifiable. This study sought to investigate potential associations between health behaviors and suicide attempts, identifying novel opportunities for clinicians to help prevent suicidal behavior. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to compare body weight, serum total cholesterol, physical activity, tobacco use, and dietary food groups among adults who had made a suicide attempt (n = 84) to psychiatric inpatients (n = 104) and community controls (n = 93) without history of suicide attempt...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302542/compliance-to-treatment-among-type-2-diabetics-receiving-care-at-peripheral-mobile-clinics-in-a-rural-block-of-vellore-district-southern-india
#5
Divya Elizabeth Muliyil, Kanagalakshmi Vellaiputhiyavan, Reginald Alex, Venkata Raghava Mohan
Background: Providing treatment to patients with diabetes mellitus in rural areas at a cost they can afford is a public health challenge. Aims: This study aims to measure the rate of compliance to oral hypoglycemic agents among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending peripheral mobile clinics in rural South India. To study factors that impact glycemic control. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study was done among patients attending peripheral mobile clinics in a rural block in Southern India...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280642/-physical-activity-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-diet-in-schoolchildren-from-8-to-12-years
#6
Andres Rosa Guillamon, Eliseo Garcia Canto, Pedro Luis Rodríguez García, Juan José Pérez Soto, María Loreto Tárraga Marcos, Pedro Juan Tárraga López
BACKGROUND: The assessment of physical activity, physical fitness, and dietary quality in early ages is a physiological and public health need to contribute to the consolidation of a healthy lifestyle during adulthood. Hypotheses and objectives: Schoolchildren with a better level of physical activity have a better physical condition; schoolchildren with a higher level of physical activity have a better quality of diet; schoolchildren with a better level of physical condition have a better quality of the diet...
September 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278939/do-mothers-affect-daughter-s-behaviors-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-kuwaiti-mother-daughter-dyads
#7
Lemia H Shaban, Joan A Vaccaro, Shiryn D Sukhram, Fatma G Huffman
The objective of the study was to evaluate 169 Kuwaiti mother-daughter dyads and their associations with health behaviors for eating healthy, engaging in physical activity, daughters perceived body weight, time spent with computer/video, and time viewing television. Female students aged 10-14 years were selected from private and public schools in the State of Kuwait. Results demonstrated that daughters exhibited similar behaviors to their mothers in their perceived eating behavior, physical activity, computer/video game use, and TV screen time...
December 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273661/design-and-rationale-of-the-cardiovascular-health-and-text-messaging-chat-study-and-the-chat-diabetes-mellitus-chat-dm-study-two-randomised-controlled-trials-of-text-messaging-to-improve-secondary-prevention-for-coronary-heart-disease-and-diabetes
#8
Xiqian Huo, Erica S Spatz, Qinglan Ding, Paul Horak, Xin Zheng, Claire Masters, Haibo Zhang, Melinda L Irwin, Xiaofang Yan, Wenchi Guan, Jing Li, Xi Li, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health interventions have the potential to promote risk factor management and lifestyle modification, and are a particularly attractive approach for scaling across healthcare systems with limited resources. We are conducting two randomised trials to evaluate the efficacy of text message-based health messages in improving secondary coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention among patients with or without diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Cardiovascular Health And Text Messaging (CHAT) Study and the CHAT-Diabetes Mellitus (CHAT-DM) Study are multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trials of text messaging versus standard treatment with 6 months of follow-up conducted in 37 hospitals throughout 17 provinces in China...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243503/women-s-beliefs-about-what-causes-obesity-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-acculturation-in-a-washington-state-sample
#9
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242527/correlates-of-overall-and-central-obesity-in-adults-from-seven-european-countries-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#10
Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Alexander Affleck, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, J Alfredo Martinez, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Eileen R Gibney, Marianne C Walsh, Lorraine Brennan, Mike Gibney, George Moschonis, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Christina Mavrogianni, Yannis Manios, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Silvia Kolossa, Hannelore Daniel, Iwona Traczyk, Christian A Drevon, John C Mathers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of obesity in adults and investigate to what extent these predictors are independent of other major confounding factors. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data collected at baseline from 1441 participants from the Food4Me study conducted in seven European countries were included in this study. A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure dietary intake. Accelerometers were used to assess physical activity levels (PA), whereas participants self-reported their body weight, height and waist circumference via the internet...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241667/correlates-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#11
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241213/antibiotics-induced-obesity-a-mitochondrial-perspective
#12
Melisa J Andrade, Chinchu Jayaprakash, Smitha Bhat, Nikolaos Evangelatos, Angela Brand, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against infections and have contributed immensely to reduce the morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, extensive use of antibiotics has led to alterations of the gut microbiome, predisposition to various diseases and most importantly, increase in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which poses a major threat to global public health. Another major issue faced worldwide due to unregulated use of antibiotics in children as well as in adults is the influence of metabolism and body weight homeostasis, leading to obesity...
December 15, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233204/is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d-in-supporting-cognitive-function-as-we-age
#13
Niamh Aspell, Brian Lawlor, Maria O'Sullivan
Globally, an estimated 46 million people are currently living with dementia and this figure is projected to increase 3-fold by 2050, highlighting this major public health concern and its substantial associated healthcare costs. With pharmacological treatment yet to reach fruition, the emphasis on evidence-based preventative lifestyle strategies is becoming increasingly important and several modifiable lifestyle factors have been identified that may preserve cognitive health. These include good cardiovascular health, physical activity, low alcohol intake, smoking and a healthy diet, with growing interest in vitamin D...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233173/the-importance-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-for-the-development-of-internalizing-disorders-during-adolescence
#14
Xiu Yun Wu, Sara F L Kirk, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health constitutes a considerable global public health burden with approximately half of all cases of poor mental health having their onset before the age of 14 years. The identification of modifiable risk factors early in life is therefore essential to prevention, however, there are presently very few longitudinal studies on health behaviours for mental health to inform public health decision makers and to justify preventive action. We examined the importance of diet quality, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours in childhood for internalizing disorder throughout adolescence...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206836/where-should-the-safe-limits-of-alcohol-consumption-stand-in-light-of-liver-enzyme-abnormalities-in-alcohol-consumers
#15
Onni Niemelä, Markus Niemelä, Risto Bloigu, Mauri Aalto, Tiina Laatikainen
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for abnormal liver enzymes in a large age- and gender stratified population-based sample of apparently healthy individuals with or without alcohol consumption and other health-related risk factors (adiposity, physical inactivity, smoking). METHODS: Data on alcohol use, smoking, diet and physical activity were recorded using structured questionnaires from 13,976 subjects (6513 men, 7463 women, aged 25-74 years) in the national FINRISK studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#16
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185627/strategies-for-enhancing-the-implementation-of-school-based-policies-or-practices-targeting-risk-factors-for-chronic-disease
#17
REVIEW
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Sze Lin Yoong, Rebecca K Hodder, Rebecca J Wyse, Tessa Delaney, Alice Grady, Alison Fielding, Flora Tzelepis, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Benjamin Parmenter, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Adrian Bauman, Andrew Milat, Debbie Booth, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: A number of school-based policies or practices have been found to be effective in improving child diet and physical activity, and preventing excessive weight gain, tobacco or harmful alcohol use. Schools, however, frequently fail to implement such evidence-based interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary aims of the review are to examine the effectiveness of strategies aiming to improve the implementation of school-based policies, programs or practices to address child diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco or alcohol use...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174876/ability-of-nontraditional-risk-factors-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-for-cardiovascular-disease-to-identify-high-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adolescents-results-from-the-labmed-physical-activity-study
#18
César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jonatan R Ruiz, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
PURPOSE: Then objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of several nontraditional cardiometabolic and inflammatory biomarkers in identifying high cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 529 Portuguese adolescents (267 girls) aged 14.3 ± 1.7 years. A clustered cardiometabolic risk score (body fat percentage, systolic blood pressure, ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and negative values of cardiorespiratory fitness) was computed...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161378/health-behaviours-as-a-predictor-of-quitting-hazardous-alcohol-use-in-the-stockholm-public-health-cohort
#19
Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Maria R Galanti
Background: Adopting healthy behaviours may facilitate the transition from hazardous to non-hazardous use of alcohol, yet, longitudinal studies of health behaviours in relation to the cessation of hazardous alcohol use are rare. We addressed this question using data from a large population-based cohort of adults in Sweden (Stockholm Public Health Cohort). Methods: Participants from two sub-cohorts (inception in 2002 and 2010), with follow-up until the year 2014 were included...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149890/physical-activity-and-calorie-intake-mediate-the-relationship-from-depression-to-body-fat-mass-among-female-mexican-health-workers
#20
Amado D Quezada, Nayeli Macías-Waldman, Jorge Salmerón, Tessa Swigart, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Depression is a foremost cause of morbidity throughout the world and the prevalence of depression in women is about twice as high as men. Additionally, overweight and obesity are major global health concerns. We explored the relationship between depression and body fat, and the role of physical activity and diet as mediators of this relationship in a sample of 456 adult female Mexican health workers. METHOD: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses using data from adult women of the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) Measures of body fat mass (kg from DEXA), dietary intake (kcal from FFQ), leisure time activity (METs/wk) and depression (CES-D) were determined in two waves (2004-2006 and 2010-2011)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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