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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848725/results-from-south-africa-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#1
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823602/evolving-to-personalized-medicine-for-type-2-diabetes
#2
REVIEW
S Sethu K Reddy
Type 2 diabetes is an expensive public health problem threatening society at many levels. Despite many advances in classification of diabetes, we're still in early stages of developing an etio-pathologic ontology of diabetes. Recognizing the various biologic and social determinants of disease outcomes, precision medicine applies to medical interventions as well as psychosocial measures, nutrition, and exercise that may also affect individuals differently. Using this highly personalized approach, one hopes to achieve cost-effective care...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793165/surviving-critical-illness-what-is-next-an-expert-consensus-statement-on-physical-rehabilitation-after-hospital-discharge
#3
M E Major, R Kwakman, M E Kho, B Connolly, D McWilliams, L Denehy, S Hanekom, S Patman, R Gosselink, C Jones, F Nollet, D M Needham, R H H Engelbert, M van der Schaaf
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to obtain consensus on physical therapy (PT) in the rehabilitation of critical illness survivors after hospital discharge. Research questions were: what are PT goals, what are recommended measurement tools, and what constitutes an optimal PT intervention for survivors of critical illness? METHODS: A Delphi consensus study was conducted. Panelists were included based on relevant fields of expertise, years of clinical experience, and publication record...
October 29, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751558/research-priorities-to-reduce-the-global-burden-of-dementia-by-2025
#4
REVIEW
Hiral Shah, Emiliano Albanese, Cynthia Duggan, Igor Rudan, Kenneth M Langa, Maria C Carrillo, Kit Yee Chan, Yves Joanette, Martin Prince, Martin Rossor, Shekhar Saxena, Heather M Snyder, Reisa Sperling, Mathew Varghese, Huali Wang, Marc Wortmann, Tarun Dua
At the First WHO Ministerial Conference on Global Action Against Dementia in March, 2015, 160 delegates, including representatives from 80 WHO Member States and four UN agencies, agreed on a call for action to reduce the global burden of dementia by fostering a collective effort to advance research. To drive this effort, we completed a globally representative research prioritisation exercise using an adapted version of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative method. We elicited 863 research questions from 201 participants and consolidated these questions into 59 thematic research avenues, which were scored anonymously by 162 researchers and stakeholders from 39 countries according to five criteria...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733660/pilot-study-for-implementing-an-osteoporosis-education-and-exercise-program-in-an-assisted-living-facility-and-senior-community
#5
Aparna P Nanduri, Sally Fullman, Lori Morell, Steve Buyske, Mary L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis. METHOD: Residents from an assisted living and senior community program were enrolled after medical clearance. Participant demographics, geriatric fitness assessments, exercise logs, quizzes, and surveys were collected at baseline and 24 weeks. Data were analyzed using paired t tests and ANOVA of change scores for the pooled data within the R statistical environment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733142/neighborhood-perceptions-and-hypertension-among-low-income-black-women-a-qualitative-study
#6
Maliyhah Al-Bayan, Nadia Islam, Shawneaqua Edwards, Dustin T Duncan
BACKGROUND: The majority of studies examining the role of neighborhoods and hypertension-related outcomes have been quantitative in nature and very few studies have examined specific disadvantaged populations, including low-income housing residents. The objective of this study was to use qualitative interviews to explore low-income Black women's perceptions of their neighborhoods and to understand how those perceptions may affect their health, especially as it relates to blood pressure...
October 12, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694489/effects-of-a-nutrition-plus-exercise-programme-on-physical-function-in-sarcopenic-obese-elderly-people-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Shan-Shan Shen, Jiao-Jiao Chu, Lei Cheng, Xing-Kun Zeng, Ting He, Li-Yu Xu, Jiang-Ru Li, Xu-Jiao Chen
INTRODUCTION: With a rapidly ageing population, sarcopenic obesity, defined as decreased muscle mass and function combined with increased body fat, is a complex health problem. Although sarcopenic obesity contributes to a decline in physical function and exacerbates frailty in older adults, evidence from clinical trials about the effect of exercise and nutrition on this complex syndrome in Chinese older adults is lacking. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We devised a study protocol for a single-blind randomised controlled trial...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688985/cardiovascular-disease-death-before-age-65-in-168-countries-correlated-statistically-with-biometrics-socioeconomic-status-tobacco-gender-exercise-macronutrients-and-vitamin-k
#8
David K Cundiff, Paul S Agutter
BACKGROUND: Nutrition researchers recently recognized that deficiency of vitamin K2 (menaquinone: MK-4-MK-13) is widespread and contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The deficiency of vitamin K2 or vitamin K inhibition with warfarin leads to calcium deposition in the arterial blood vessels. METHODS: Using publicly available sources, we collected food commodity availability data and derived nutrient profiles including vitamin K2 for people from 168 countries...
August 24, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670866/a-mindful-eating-intervention-a-theory-guided-randomized-anti-obesity-feasibility-study-with-adolescent-latino-females
#9
Patricia Daly, Thaddeus Pace, Judith Berg, Usha Menon, Laura A Szalacha
UNLABELLED: While pediatric anti-obesity lifestyle interventions have received considerable attention, few show sustained impact on body mass index (BMI). Using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Theory as a framework, we examined the effects of a satiety-focused mindful eating intervention (MEI) on BMI, weight and mindful awareness. METHOD: HASH(0x3813da8) DESIGN AND SETTING: Utilizing a two-group, repeated measures design, 37 adolescent females with a BMI >90th percentile, recruited from a public high school in a Latino community in the Southwestern United States, were randomized 2:1, one third to the group receiving a 6-week MEI and two thirds to the comparison group (CG) receiving the usual care (nutrition and exercise information)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670346/synthetic-and-natural-nutritional-supplements-health-allies-or-risk-to-public-health
#10
Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Nikolaos Georgiadis, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Fotini Vasilaki, Persefoni Fragkiadaki, Evangelia Meimeti, Christina Tsitsimpikou
BACKGROUND: The modern way of life involves high stress levels, poor eating habits, lack of exercise, obesity and other detrimental health factors. Nutritional supplements (NS) are complexes of nutrients with variant activity that may infer reversal to nutrient depletion. They tend to be popular amongst social categories associated with the healthy life style, such as the elite and amateur athletes, military people and the general population. OBJECTIVE: An overview of the state of play with regards to nutritional supplements -natural and synthetic-, is important both from toxicological and commercial point of view...
September 23, 2016: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591301/maintaining-pre-school-children-s-health-and-wellbeing-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-migrant-parents
#11
L J Condon, S McClean
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that key health behaviours of people who migrate deteriorate over time, which has a consequent impact upon the health of dependent children. As health in the early years sets the course for lifelong health, it is important to explore parents' views on maintaining children's health following migration. METHODS: Five focus groups were held with parents of preschool children who had migrated to the UK within the last 10 years (n = 28)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525601/risk-factors-for-obesity-among-school-aged-children-in-western-algeria-results-of-a-study-conducted-on-293-subjects
#12
Mohamed Abdelhaq Abbes, Karima Bereksi-Reguig
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a serious public health problem and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. AIM: Before a prevention approach, it is essential to make a diagnosis on the problem and its risk factors. METHODS: We opted for a cross-sectional survey of 293 primary students of Sougueur. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight including obesity according to IOTF cutoffs was 8.18%. A significant relationship existed between obesity and educational level of parents, level of physical activity; taking a snack and skipping the dinner...
January 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460934/factors-associated-with-self-reported-health-implications-for-screening-level-community-based-health-and-environmental-studies
#13
Jane E Gallagher, Adrien A Wilkie, Alissa Cordner, Edward E Hudgens, Andrew J Ghio, Rebecca J Birch, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Advocates for environmental justice, local, state, and national public health officials, exposure scientists, need broad-based health indices to identify vulnerable communities. Longitudinal studies show that perception of current health status predicts subsequent mortality, suggesting that self-reported health (SRH) may be useful in screening-level community assessments. This paper evaluates whether SRH is an appropriate surrogate indicator of health status by evaluating relationships between SRH and sociodemographic, lifestyle, and health care factors as well as serological indicators of nutrition, health risk, and environmental exposures...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443587/brain-train-to-combat-brain-drain-focus-on-exercise-strategies-that-optimise-neuroprotection
#14
Claire V Burley, Damian M Bailey, Christopher J Marley, Samuel J E Lucas
The prevalence of cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. stroke and dementia) is increasing. Numerous studies show that regular exercise has beneficial effects on brain health in clinical and non-clinical populations, yet adherence to public health exercise guidelines is notoriously poor. Recently, novel exercise strategies have been investigated to allow for more individualised and prescriptive approaches that target the key mechanistic pathways that allow exercise to mediate adaptation. This work exploring alternative approaches to the traditional model of exercise training has demonstrated exciting potential for positive health-related adaptations (especially for metabolic, muscle and cardiovascular function)...
July 22, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354079/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-communication-skills-intervention-for-physicians-to-facilitate-survivorship-transition-in-patients-with-lymphoma
#15
Patricia A Parker, Smita C Banerjee, Matthew J Matasar, Carma L Bylund, Kara Franco, Yuelin Li, Tomer T Levin, Paul B Jacobsen, Alan B Astrow, Howard Leventhal, Steven Horwitz, David W Kissane
INTRODUCTION: Survivors of cancer often describe a sense of abandonment post-treatment, with heightened worry, uncertainty, fear of recurrence and limited understanding of what lies ahead. This study examines the efficacy of a communication skills training (CST) intervention to help physicians address survivorship issues and introduce a new consultation focused on the use of a survivorship care plan for patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Specifically, this randomised, 4-site trial will test the efficacy of a survivorship planning consultation (physicians receive CST and apply these skills in a new survivorship-focused office visit using a survivorship plan) with patients who have achieved complete remission after completion of first-line therapy versus a control arm in which physicians are trained to subsequently provide a time-controlled, manualised wellness rehabilitation consultation focused only on discussion of healthy nutrition and exercise as rehabilitation postchemotherapy...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338978/exercise-prescription-for-the-older-population-the-interactions-between-physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-adequate-nutrition-in-maintaining-musculoskeletal-health
#16
Brandon J Shad, Gareth Wallis, Luc J C van Loon, Janice L Thompson
Regular physical activity (PA) promotes musculoskeletal health in older adults. However, the majority of older individuals do not meet current PA guidelines and are also highly sedentary. Emerging evidence indicates that large amounts of sedentary time accelerate the loss of skeletal muscle mass (i.e., sarcopenia) and physical function with advancing age. However, current PA recommendations for sedentary time are non-specific (i.e., keep sedentary time to a minimum). Research indicates that physical inactivity and large amounts of sedentary time accelerate sarcopenic muscle loss by inducing skeletal muscle 'anabolic resistance'...
June 1, 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255497/effects-of-playing-a-serious-computer-game-on-body-mass-index-and-nutrition-knowledge-in-women
#17
Mariya Shiyko, Sean Hallinan, Magy Seif El-Nasr, Shree Subramanian, Carmen Castaneda-Sceppa
BACKGROUND: Obesity and weight gain is a critical public health concern. Serious digital games are gaining popularity in the context of health interventions. They use persuasive and fun design features to engage users in health-related behaviors in a non-game context. As a young field, research about effectiveness and acceptability of such games for weight loss is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate real-world play patterns of SpaPlay and its impact on body mass index (BMI) and nutritional knowledge...
2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215586/cumulative-muscle-protein-synthesis-and-protein-intake-requirements
#18
Erin Simmons, James D Fluckey, Steven E Riechman
Muscle protein synthesis (MPS) fluctuates widely over the course of a day and is influenced by many factors. The time course of MPS responses to exercise and the influence of training and nutrition can only be pieced together from several different investigations and methods, many of which create unnatural experimental conditions. Measurements of cumulative MPS, the sum synthesis over an extended period, using deuterium oxide have been shown to accurately reflect muscle responses and may allow investigations of the response to exercise, total protein intake requirements, and interaction with protein timing in free-living experimental conditions; these factors have yet to be carefully integrated...
July 17, 2016: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159235/research-priorities-on-the-relationship-between-wasting-and-stunting
#19
Chloe Angood, Tanya Khara, Carmel Dolan, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Wasting and stunting are global public health problems that frequently co-exist. However, they are usually separated in terms of policy, guidance, programming and financing. Though both wasting and stunting are manifestations of undernutrition caused by disease and poor diet, there are critical gaps in our understanding of the physiological relationship between them, and how interventions for one may affect the other. The aim of this exercise was to establish research priorities in the relationships between wasting and stunting to guide future research investments...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150850/using-mobile-apps-to-promote-a-healthy-lifestyle-among-adolescents-and-students-a-review-of-the-theoretical-basis-and-lessons-learned
#20
Denise Jantine Dute, Wanda Jose Erika Bemelmans, João Breda
BACKGROUND: European adolescents and students tend to have low levels of physical activity and eat unhealthy foods, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased, which poses a public health challenge. Mobile apps play an important role in their daily lives, suggesting their potential to be used in health-promoting strategies. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to explore how mobile apps can contribute to the promotion of healthy nutrition, physical activity, and prevention of overweight in adolescents and students...
May 5, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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