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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802301/sleep-duration-s-association-with-diet-physical-activity-mental-status-and-weight-among-korean-high-school-students
#1
Jounghee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770948/curative-treatment-of-hypertension-by-physical-exercise
#2
M Lou, X-F Zong, L-L Wang
Hypertension, one of the most common chronic and sporadic conditions, figures among the important worldwide public-health challenges, and it is a major risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and other complications, including dementia. Hypertension is neglected by individuals, and the prevalence of this condition continues to rise across the world. A great number of patients receiving medical intervention is not successfully treated, while adequate curative health services are dependent on the exact update data of the countrywide prevalence of known and undetected cases...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744225/is-it-time-to-begin-a-public-campaign-concerning-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-review-article
#3
REVIEW
Jerzy Sacha, Magdalena Sacha, Jacek Soboń, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Piotr Feusette
Frailty is a state that encompasses losses in physical, psychological or social domains. Therefore, frail people demonstrate a reduced potential to manage external stressors and to respond to life incidents. Consequently, such persons are prone to various adverse consequences such as falls, cognitive decline, infections, hospitalization, disability, institutionalization, and death. Pre-frailty is a condition predisposing and usually preceding the frailty state. Early detection of frailty (i.e., pre-frailty) may present an opportunity to introduce effective management to improve outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739051/effectiveness-of-nutritional-and-exercise-interventions-to-improve-body-composition-and-muscle-strength-or-function-in-sarcopenic-obese-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Christos Theodorakopoulos, Jacklyn Jones, Elaine Bannerman, Carolyn A Greig
Although sarcopenic obesity (SO) poses a major public health concern, a robust approach for the optimization of body composition and strength/function in SO has not yet been established. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of nutritional (focusing on energy and protein modulation) and exercise interventions, either individually or combined, on body composition and strength/function in older adults with SO. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were searched...
July 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721834/the-interaction-between-nutrition-and-exercise-for-promoting-health-and-performance
#5
Oliver C Witard, Derek Ball
The theme of The Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017 was on the interaction between nutrition and exercise for promoting healthy ageing, maintaining cognitive function and improving the metabolic health of the population. The importance of this theme is highlighted by the public health issues surrounding obesity, diabetes and the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia). The opening symposium provided a historical perspective of both invasive and non-invasive methodologies for measuring exercise energetics and energy balance...
July 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#6
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681620/the-burden-of-mood-disorder-cerebrovascular-disease-comorbidity-essential-neurobiology-psychopharmacology-and-physical-activity-interventions
#7
Michele Fornaro, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Domenico De Berardis, Elisabetta Filomena Buonaguro, Carmine Tomasetti, Giampaolo Perna, Antonio Preti, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Cardio-vascular diseases (CVDs) and CVD-related disorders (including cerebrovascular diseases; CBVDs) are a major public health concern as they represent the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in developed countries. Patients with CVDs and CBVDs co-morbid with mood disorders, especially bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), suffer reduced quality-of-life and significant disability adjusted for years of life and mortality. The relationship between CVDs/CBVDs and mood disorders is likely to be bidirectional...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619107/risk-factors-of-suicide-attempt-among-people-with-suicidal-ideation-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Soo Beom Choi, Wanhyung Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jong-Uk Won, Deok Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious public health concern worldwide, and the fourth leading cause of death in Korea. Few studies have focused on risk factors for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the risk factors and develop prediction models for suicide attempt among people with suicidal ideation in the Korean population. METHOD: This study included 1567 men and 3726 women aged 20 years and older who had suicidal ideation from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2012...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617414/obesity
#9
REVIEW
Pedro González-Muniesa, Miguel-Angel Mártinez-González, Frank B Hu, Jean-Pierre Després, Yuji Matsuzawa, Ruth J F Loos, Luis A Moreno, George A Bray, J Alfredo Martinez
Excessive fat deposition in obesity has a multifactorial aetiology, but is widely considered the result of disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Despite specific public health policies and individual treatment efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, >2 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese. The central nervous system circuitry, fuel turnover and metabolism as well as adipose tissue homeostasis are important to comprehend excessive weight gain and associated comorbidities. Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491474/the-role-of-race-and-gender-in-nutrition-habits-and-self-efficacy-results-from-the-young-adult-weight-loss-study
#10
Janna D Stephens, Andrew Althouse, Alai Tan, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
Overweight and obesity are a massive public health problem and young adults are at high risk for gaining weight once they enter a college. This study sought to examine gender and race as they relate to nutrition habits and self-efficacy in a population of diverse young adults from the Young Adult Weight Loss Study. Participants (N = 62) were 29% males, 38.7% white, 33.8% Asian, and 12.9% African American. Males had lower self-efficacy for healthy eating (mean score = 92.5, SD = 17.1) compared to females (mean = 102...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472051/factors-associated-with-stage-of-change-in-smoker-in-relation-to-smoking-cessation-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-ii-v
#11
Ah Young Leem, Chang Hoon Han, Chul Min Ahn, Sang Haak Lee, Jae Yeol Kim, Eun Mi Chun, Kwang Ha Yoo, Ji Ye Jung
Despite a decrease in incidence, smoking remains the most serious public health problem worldwide. Identification of the factors contributing to changes in willingness to quit smoking may aid the development of strategies that encourage smoking cessation. Pooled cross-sectional data from 11,924 smokers from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II-V were analyzed. The stages of change in smoking cessation were categorized as pre-contemplation, contemplation, and preparation. Baseline characteristics, socioeconomic factors, quality of life, psychological status, and smoking-related factors were compared between groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357162/health-health-care-and-systems-science-emerging-paradigm
#12
REVIEW
Ivo Janecka
Health is a continuum of an optimized state of a biologic system, an outcome of positive relationships with the self and others. A healthy system follows the principles of systems science derived from observations of nature, highlighting the character of relationships as the key determinant. Relationships evolve from our decisions, which are consequential to the function of our own biologic system on all levels, including the genome, where epigenetics impact our morphology. In healthy systems, decisions emanate from the reciprocal collaboration of hippocampal memory and the executive prefrontal cortex...
February 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287907/relationship-between-types-of-exercise-and-quality-of-life-in-a-korean-metabolic-syndrome-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Sang Ho Oh, Sun Han Son, Si Hyun Kang, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Sang Yoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly correlates with exercise. MetS also has an independent and inverse correlation to quality of life (QoL). However, few studies have examined the association between exercise and QoL in people with MetS. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relationship between exercise and QoL in a MetS population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using public data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 (n = 7550)...
May 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251287/nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
C Beaudart, A Dawson, S C Shaw, N C Harvey, J A Kanis, N Binkley, J Y Reginster, R Chapurlat, D C Chan, O Bruyère, R Rizzoli, C Cooper, E M Dennison
This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be limited. INTRODUCTION: In 2013, Denison et al. conducted a systematic review including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention to improve muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance in older people...
June 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244716/how-do-health-behaviours-relate-to-dietary-practice-patterns-among-japanese-adults
#15
Gita D Mishra, Jung Su Lee, Kunihiko Hayashi, Etsuko Watanabe, Katsumi Mori, Kiyoshi Kawakubo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To identify dietary practice patterns for Japanese adults and investigate the links between health behaviours and these patterns. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A random sample, stratified according to area, sex, and age, of 4570 adults aged 20-80 years completed a survey conducted in 2011 in a city, in Yamagata Prefecture, Northeast Japan. RESULTS: Cluster analysis of 16 dietary practice items revealed four patterns labelled as: low fat, sugar, or salt; emphasis on nutrition; regular breakfast and staples; and meals not snacks...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228115/weight-loss-and-exercise-for-communities-with-arthritis-in-north-carolina-we-can-design-and-rationale-of-a-pragmatic-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Stephen P Messier, Leigh F Callahan, Daniel P Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz, Richard F Loeser, Sara A Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) than either intervention alone. Compared to previous long-term weight loss and exercise trials of knee OA, our intensive diet-induced weight loss and exercise intervention was twice as effective at reducing pain intensity. Whether these results can be generalized to less intensively monitored cohorts is unknown...
February 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154739/excess-weight-in-regular-aviation-pilots-associated-with-work-and-sleep-characteristics
#17
Magna Lúcia de Souza Palmeira, Elaine Cristina Marqueze
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and associated factors of overweight and obesity in Brazilian commercial airline pilots. Methods An observational, cross-sectional study involving 1198 Brazilian commercial airline pilots with a sampling power >80% (ß=20%) and confidence level of 95% (α=5%) was carried out. The pilots completed an on-line questionnaire collecting data on sociodemographics, work, health, lifestyle and sleep. Poisson regression, with robust variance (stepwise forward technique), was employed to analyze the factors associated with excess weight (overweight and obesity)...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144165/osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-women-impact-prevalence-and-management-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Pegah JafariNasabian, Julia E Inglis, Owen J Kelly, Jasminka Z Ilich
Osteosarcopenic obesity syndrome (OSO) has recently been identified as a condition encompassing osteopenia/osteoporosis, sarcopenia and obesity. OSO is especially deleterious in older adults (even if they are not obese by conventional measures), due to age-related redistribution of fat and its infiltration into bone and muscle. Osteoporosis and bone fractures in elderly increase the risk of sarcopenia, which, through decreased mobility, increases the risk of more falls and fractures, creating a vicious cycle...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117386/lifestyle-guidelines-for-managing-adverse-effects-on-bone-health-and-body-composition-in-men-treated-with-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-an-update
#19
REVIEW
P J Owen, R M Daly, P M Livingston, S F Fraser
BACKGROUND: Men treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer are prone to multiple treatment-induced adverse effects, particularly with regard to a deterioration in bone health and altered body composition including decreased lean tissue mass and increased fat mass. These alterations may partially explain the marked increased risk in osteoporosis, falls, fracture and cardiometabolic risk that has been observed in this population. METHODS: A review was conducted that assessed standard clinical guidelines for the management of ADT-induced adverse effects on bone health and body composition in men with prostate cancer...
June 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115006/effectiveness-of-an-implementation-optimisation-intervention-aimed-at-increasing-parent-engagement-in-henry-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-the-optimising-family-engagement-in-henry-often-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Maria Bryant, Wendy Burton, Bonnie Cundill, Amanda J Farrin, Jane Nixon, June Stevens, Kim Roberts, Robbie Foy, Harry Rutter, Suzanne Hartley, Sandy Tubeuf, Michelle Collinson, Julia Brown
BACKGROUND: Family-based interventions to prevent childhood obesity depend upon parents' taking action to improve diet and other lifestyle behaviours in their families. Programmes that attract and retain high numbers of parents provide an enhanced opportunity to improve public health and are also likely to be more cost-effective than those that do not. We have developed a theory-informed optimisation intervention to promote parent engagement within an existing childhood obesity prevention group programme, HENRY (Health Exercise Nutrition for the Really Young)...
January 24, 2017: Trials
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