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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935198/obesity-in-america
#1
Raul J Rosenthal, John Morton, Stacy Brethauer, Samer Mattar, Eric De Maria, Jennifer K Benz, Jennifer Titus, David Sterrett
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity in America continues to grow significantly. Awareness and understanding of the disease of obesity and treatment options for it appear to be lacking among the general US population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify misperceptions in diagnosis and treatment of obesity, struggles Americans face in obtaining treatment, consequences of obesity, and perceived barriers to weight loss. SETTING: University hospital, United States...
August 12, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931439/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-neuromuscular-function-for-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Zhangqi Lai, Xueqiang Wang, Seullee Lee, Xihe Hou, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of public disability. Neuromuscular function contributes to the development and/or progression of KOA. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise improve the neuromuscular function of patients with neurological disorders and even that of older patients with limited exercise options. Therefore, WBV exercise may offer an efficient and alternative treatment for individuals with KOA. However, the effects of WBV training on the neuromuscular function of individuals with KOA remain unclear...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#3
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925889/physical-activity-does-it-really-increase-bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-review-of-articles-published-between-2001-2016
#4
Daria Segev, Devora Hellerstein, Ayelet Dunsky
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is known for its many health benefits, among them the positive effect on bone health during the life cycle. During childhood, physical stress stimulates bone remodeling and increases density. However, due to hormonal changes during adulthood, and mainly during postmenopause the rate of bone remodeling is slowed and is less efficient. As a result, argument has arisen in the literature regarding the benefit or harm of physical activity on bone health among postmenopausal women...
September 18, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921583/associations-of-alcohol-intake-smoking-physical-activity-and-obesity-with-survival-following-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-by-stage-anatomic-site-and-tumor-molecular-subtype
#5
Harindra Jayasekara, Dallas R English, Andrew Haydon, Allison M Hodge, Brigid M Lynch, Christophe Rosty, Elizabeth J Williamson, Mark Clendenning, Melissa C Southey, Mark A Jenkins, Robin Room, John L Hopper, Roger L Milne, Daniel D Buchanan, Graham G Giles, Robert J MacInnis
The influence of lifestyle factors on survival following a diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is not well established. We examined associations between lifestyle factors measured before diagnosis and CRC survival. The Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study collected data on alcohol intake, cigarette smoking and physical activity, and body measurements at baseline (1990-94) and wave 2 (2003-07). We included participants diagnosed to 31 August 2015 with incident stage I-III CRC within 10-years post exposure assessment...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914527/locally-induced-adipose-tissue-browning-by-microneedle-patch-for-obesity-treatment
#6
Yuqi Zhang, Qiongming Liu, Jicheng Yu, Shuangjiang Yu, Jinqiang Wang, Li Qiang, Zhen Gu
Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems in the 21st century that may lead to many comorbidities such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Current treatments toward obesity including diet, physical exercise, pharmacological therapy, as well as surgeries are always associated with low effectiveness or undesired systematical side effects. In order to enhance treatment efficiency with minimized side effects, we developed a transcutaneous browning agent patch to locally induce adipose tissue transformation...
September 15, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913993/a-retrospective-study-of-korean-adults-with-food-allergy-differences-in-phenotypes-and-causes
#7
So Hee Lee, Ga Young Ban, Kyunguk Jeong, Yoo Seob Shin, Hae Sim Park, Sooyoung Lee, Young Min Ye
PURPOSE: Increasing in prevalence, food allergy (FA) is becoming an important public health concern. In Korean adults, however, clinical phenotypes and causes of FA have not been studied. We aimed to study common causative allergens and clinical manifestations of FA in Korean adults. METHODS: This study was conducted as a retrospective review of medical records for 95 patients (≥19 years old) diagnosed with FA from September 2014 to August 2015 at a single university hospital...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910255/better-strength-better-balance-partnering-to-deliver-a-fall-prevention-program-for-older-adults
#9
Darcie Taing, Kelly McKay
SETTING: Falls incur significant health and economic costs, particularly among older adults. Physical activity has been found to be the single most important fall prevention behaviour an older adult can do. This manuscript describes Ottawa Public Health's (OPH) experience implementing the Better Strength, Better Balance! (BSBB) program, a fall prevention exercise program for older adults, through an innovative partnership with the local Recreation, Cultural & Facility Services (RCFS) Department...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902051/hypertension-in-the-faith-community-a-four-week-nurse-led-diet-exercise-intervention
#10
Saphie S Bangurah, Shellye A Vardaman, Kelli K Cleveland
Inadequate blood pressure (BP) control in hypertension carries a major financial and public health burden. This study examined the efficacy of behavioral and lifestyle changes on BP control among African American adults, aged 55 years and older in a faith-based setting. The study was supported by clergy who helped to engage participants in interventions. Nurse-led diet and exercise teaching with BP monitoring led to lower BP readings over a 4-week intervention.
October 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900893/associations-of-neighborhood-environmental-attributes-with-walking-in-japan-moderating-effects-of-area-level-socioeconomic-status
#11
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Koichiro Oka, Takemi Sugiyama
Several studies have examined how the associations of built environment attributes with walking behaviors may be moderated by socioeconomic status (SES). Such understanding is important to address socioeconomic inequalities in health through urban design initiatives. However, to date, there is no study examining the moderation effects of SES in the relationships of environmental attributes and walking in non-Western countries. The current study aims to examine associations of environmental attributes with walking behaviors among Japanese adults, and to test whether these associations were moderated by area-level SES...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899356/barriers-to-lifestyle-changes-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-survey-among-40-60-year-old-danes
#12
Jesper Bo Nielsen, Anja Leppin, Dort E Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl, Jens Søndergaard, Pia Veldt Larsen
BACKGROUND: Elimination of modifiable risk factors including unhealthy lifestyle has the potential for prevention of 80% of cardiovascular disease cases. The present study focuses on disclosing barriers for maintaining specific lifestyle changes by exploring associations between perceiving these barriers and various sociodemographic and health-related characteristics. METHODS: Data were collected through a web-based questionnaire survey and included 962 respondents who initially accepted treatment for a hypothetical cardiovascular risk, and who subsequently stated that they preferred lifestyle changes to medication...
September 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898308/-the-treatment-of-cannabis-dependence-clinical-work-psychotherapy-and-evidence
#13
José Capece, Federico Pavlovsky
Identifying compulsive consumption of marijuana in association with another mental disorder (attentional defcit disorder, bipolar disorder, depression or psychosis) presents the challenge of clarifying validated therapeutic strategies, especially within the teen population, in which it shows the highest prevalence. The ever-increasing prevalence and the need for regional treatments, demand that we approach this health matter as a public health issue. The ideological con?icts related to the necessary decriminalization of consumption and the current debate on the medical use of marijuana often confuse the urgent need to establish effective therapeutic strategies for the population affected by this mental disorder...
November 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894787/prevalence-of-anemia-overweight-obesity-and-undiagnosed-hypertension-and-diabetes-among-residents-of-selected-communities-in-ghana
#14
Alex Kojo Anderson
The increasing numbers of lifestyle related chronic diseases in developing countries call for awareness, early detection, and effective management. The objective of this paper is to report the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, overweight/obesity, and anemia among residents of selected communities in Ghana. The data comes from a community screening conducted in Ghana as part of the University of Georgia Summer Service Learning Program. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data while chi-square and independent t-test compared groups...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892441/improvements-in-state-and-local-planning-for-mass-dispensing-of-medical-countermeasures-the-technical-assistance-review-program-united-states-2007-2014
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Paul G Renard, Sara J Vagi, Chris M Reinold, Brenda L Silverman, Rachel N Avchen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and describe outcomes of state and local medical countermeasure preparedness planning, which is critical to ensure rapid distribution and dispensing of a broad spectrum of life-saving medical assets during a public health emergency. METHODS: We used 2007 to 2014 state and local data collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Technical Assistance Review. We calculated descriptive statistics from 50 states and 72 local Cities Readiness Initiative jurisdictions that participated in the Technical Assistance Review annually...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#16
REVIEW
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889342/life-cycle-of-amblyomma-mixtum-acari-ixodidae-parasitizing-different-hosts-under-laboratory-conditions
#17
Francisco Tobias Barradas Piña, Vinicius da Silva Rodrigues, Leandro de Oliveira Souza Higa, Marcos Valério Garcia, Jacqueline Cavalcante Barros, Adalberto Angel Pérez de León, Renato Andreotti
Amblyomma mixtum is a tick species in the Amblyomma cajennense complex. The known geographic range of A. mixtum extends from Texas in the USA to western Ecuador and some islands in the Caribbean. Amblyomma mixtum is a vector of disease agents of veterinary and public health importance. The objective of this study was to describe the life cycle of A. mixtum under laboratory conditions. Bovines, rabbits and sheep were infested with larvae, nymphs, and adult ticks under controlled conditions to assess several biological parameters...
September 9, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887210/can-half-marathon-affect-overall-health-the-yin-yang-of-sport
#18
Luca Dalle Carbonare, Marcello Manfredi, Giuseppe Caviglia, Eleonora Conte, Elisa Robotti, Emilio Marengo, Samuele Cheri, Francesco Zamboni, Daniele Gabbiani, Michela Deiana, Daniela Cecconi, Federico Schena, Monica Mottes, Maria Teresa Valenti
Physical activity improves overall health and counteracts metabolic pathologies. Adipose tissue and bone are important key targets of exercise; the prevalence of diseases associated with suboptimal physical activity levels has increased in recent times as a result of lifestyle changes. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiation in either osteogenic or adipogenic lineage is regulated by many factors. Particularly, the expression of master genes such as RUNX2 and PPARγ2 is essential for MSC commitment to osteogenic or adipogenic differentiation, respectively...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886734/promoting-physical-activity-in-worksite-settings-results-of-a-german-pilot-study-of-the-online-intervention-healingo-fit
#19
Kevin Dadaczynski, Stephan Schiemann, Olaf Backhaus
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, one third of the adult population is insufficiently physically active. This fact has led to a strong demand for public health initiatives. Given the mixed evidence on the effectiveness of worksite interventions promoting physical activity (PA), a pedometer-based and gamified intervention, Healingo Fit, was developed and evaluated over a period of six weeks. METHODS: The effectiveness of Healingo Fit was evaluated as part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with two measurement points involving employees of an automobile manufacturer...
September 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885931/impact-of-engagement-in-exercise-on-sleep-quality-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#20
Jeane Bosch, Terri L Weaver, Thomas C Neylan, Ellen Herbst, Shannon E McCaslin
BACKGROUND: Exercise has beneficial effects for physical health outcomes and has also been shown to reduce the severity of psychological health symptoms. Recent studies have shown a potentially positive impact of exercise on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prominent among those with PTSD, sleep disturbance and nightmares are among the top three PTSD symptoms commonly reported by treatment-seeking Veterans. Regular physical exercise has been consistently associated with better sleep...
September 2017: Military Medicine
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