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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785199/physical-exercise-for-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-and-experimental-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Alessandro Oliveira de Carvalho, Alberto Souza Sá Filho, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sergio Machado
Background: National projections about the increase in the elderly population over 60 years bring with it an increase in the number of people affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), making it an important public health problem. Therefore, the establishment of effective strategies for intervention in people with PD needs to be more clearly investigated. Objective: The study aimed to report the effectiveness of exercise on functional capacity and neurobiological mechanisms in people with PD...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#2
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781380/finally-a-regimen-to-extend-human-life-expectancy
#3
James Larrick, Andrew R Mendelsohn
The US has the most expensive healthcare system worldwide. Yet measures of healthspan and life expectancy are well below the major industrialized nations. With the US population aged 65 and older projected to double by mid-century a healthcare crisis is looming. Within this context huge interest and investment has emerged in technologies and drugs to address aging with an expected benefit to healthspan. The thesis being that such basic interventions will reduce morbidity caused by many chronic diseases where biological age itself is the major risk factor...
May 21, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779818/fighting-obesity-non-pharmacological-interventions
#4
María Fernanda Higuera-Hernández, Elena Reyes-Cuapio, Marissa Gutiérrez-Mendoza, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, André Barciela Veras, Henning Budde, Johanna Jesse, Jaime Zaldívar-Rae, Carlos Blanco-Centurión, Sérgio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez
The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem that in turn would trigger additional pathologies such as cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, cancer, gastrointestinal disturbances, depression, sleep disorders, just to mention a few. Then, the search for a therapeutical intervention aimed to prevent and manage obesity has been the focus of study during the last years...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779074/health-information-seeking-behavior-among-college-students
#5
Corey H Basch, Sarah A MacLean, Rachelle-Ann Romero, Danna Ethan
Individuals have a wide range of resources when searching for health topics. The aim of this research was twofold: (1) to identify and assess the resources college students use when exercising health information seeking behavior (HISB); and (2) to examine perceptions and behaviors regarding adoption of online tools. A questionnaire was developed to assess HISB in a sample of college students. Items pertaining to HISB were adapted from a Health Information National Trends Survey with permission from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768588/-run-the-risk-social-disadvantage-or-capability
#6
Luz Adriana Muñoz-Duque
This article discusses the notions of risk and risk acceptability from a social justice perspective, especially in light of the capability approach proposed by Amartya Sen. The article argues that risk can be the expression of restrictions on subjects' capabilities, deriving from social disadvantages that can be taken for granted in their daily realities. On the other hand, risk can be viewed as an expression of capability in cases where subjects have accepted or admitted the risk through the exercise of freedom, as long as the subjects that relate to the risk do so in keeping with their idea of a good life, the building of which implies the full development of capability for agency...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764104/the-response-to-and-impact-of-the-ebola-epidemic-towards-an-agenda-for-interdisciplinary-research
#7
Michael Calnan, Erica W Gadsby, Mandy Kader Kondé, Abdourahime Diallo, Jeremy S Rossman
BACKGROUND: The 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa was the largest in history and resulted in a huge public health burden and significant social and economic impact in those countries most affected. Its size, duration and geographical spread presents important opportunities for research than might help national and global health and social care systems to better prepare for and respond to future outbreaks. This paper examines research needs and research priorities from the perspective of those who directly experienced the EVD epidemic in Guinea...
September 3, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760770/mental-health-literacy-knowledge-of-depression-among-undergraduate-students-in-hanoi-vietnam
#8
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#9
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752803/a-pragmatic-application-of-the-re-aim-framework-for-evaluating-the-implementation-of-physical-activity-as-a-standard-of-care-in-health-systems
#10
Mark Stoutenberg, Karla I Galaviz, Felipe Lobelo, Elizabeth Joy, Gregory W Heath, Adrian Hutber, Paul Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is Medicine (EIM) is an initiative that seeks to integrate physical activity assessment, prescription, and patient referral as a standard in patient care. Methods to assess this integration have lagged behind its implementation. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work is to provide a pragmatic framework to guide health care systems in assessing the implementation and impact of EIM. EVALUATION METHODS: A working group of experts from health care, public health, and implementation science convened to develop an evaluation model based on the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751224/the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-improving-well-being-across-office-based-workplace-settings-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
S Abdin, R K Welch, J Byron-Daniel, J Meyrick
OBJECTIVES: Although the benefits of regular physical activity (PA) are widely accepted, most of the population fails to meet the recommended levels of activity. Public health bodies such as the World Health Organisation emphasise promoting PA within workplaces as a key intervention setting to reach the health and well-being of the working population. Given the importance of well-being in workplace settings, it seems worthwhile to explore the evidence of effectiveness in the literature...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743883/treatment-of-diabetic-mice-with-a-combination-of-ketogenic-diet-and-aerobic-exercise-via-modulations-of-ppars-gene-programs
#12
Qiang Zhang, Lingyan Xu, Jie Xia, Dongmei Wang, Min Qian, Shuzhe Ding
Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent chronic disease arising as a serious public health problem worldwide. Diet intervention is considered to be a critical strategy in glycemic control of diabetic patients. Recently, the low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet is shown to be effective in glycemic control and weight loss. However, hepatic lipid accumulation could be observed in mice treated with ketogenic diet. On the other hand, exercise is a well-known approach for treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. We thus hypothesize that the combination of ketogenic diet and exercise could improve insulin sensitivity, while minimizing adverse effect of hepatic steatosis...
2018: PPAR Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742963/dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-results-from-cluster-analysis-and-market-basket-analysis
#13
Hui-Peng Liew
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity remains a major public health concern and there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity in the USA. AIM: This study seeks to uncover the major patterns of dietary habits in relation to physical activity, together with students' opinions about the quality of food in the school's cafeteria and vending machines. METHODS: The empirical work of this study is based on the 2011 Healthy School Program (HSP) Evaluation...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#14
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731703/metabolic-syndrome-and-neuroprotection
#15
REVIEW
Melisa Etchegoyen, Mariana H Nobile, Francisco Baez, Barbara Posesorski, Julian González, Néstor Lago, José Milei, Matilde Otero-Losada
Introduction: Over the years the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has drastically increased in developing countries as a major byproduct of industrialization. Many factors, such as the consumption of high-calorie diets and a sedentary lifestyle, bolster the spread of this disorder. Undoubtedly, the massive and still increasing incidence of MetS places this epidemic as an important public health issue. Hereon we revisit another outlook of MetS beyond its classical association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DM2), for MetS also poses a risk factor for the nervous tissue and threatens neuronal function...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730967/political-economy-of-infant-mortality-rate-role-of-democracy-versus-good-governance
#16
Dina Y Rosenberg
Despite numerous studies on whether democracy reduces the infant mortality rate (IMR), the empirical results remain mixed at best. In this article, I perform several theoretical and empirical exercises that help explain why and under what conditions we should expect politics to matter most for a decrease in IMR. First, I capitalize on the epidemiological view that IMR - the most commonly used indicator of health in social sciences - is better suited to reflect public health micromanagement than overall social development...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728820/obesity-diet-and-lifestyle-in-9-year-old-children-with-parentally-reported-chronic-diseases-findings-from-the-growing-up-in-ireland-longitudinal-child-cohort-study
#17
Michael P Fitzgerald, Kerrie Hennigan, Clodagh S O'Gorman, Laura McCarron
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of childhood chronic disease is increasing worldwide. Obesity, poor diet and lifestyle may be more prevalent in children with a chronic disease than in their healthier contemporaries. The Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) study is a nationally representative cohort study of children living in the Republic of Ireland. The study has collected information from 8568 9-year-old Irish children on their experiences within their families, childcare settings, schools and communities, and how these impact on all aspects of children's development...
May 5, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727228/osteosarcopenia
#18
James Paintin, Cyrus Cooper, Elaine Dennison
Osteosarcopenia is a newly described syndrome that describes the co-existence of osteoporosis and sarcopenia, two chronic musculoskeletal conditions associated with ageing. Osteoporosis, a condition of low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration of bone, and sarcopenia, the loss of muscle mass, strength and function, often co-exist in a frail subset of the elderly population, leading to significantly worsened outcomes than seen in either condition alone. These include a greater risk of falls, fractures and institutionalization, and significant socioeconomic costs...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719402/compounding-medications-in-a-rural-setting-an-interprofessional-perspective
#19
Selina Taylor, Catherine Hays, Beverley Glass
Background: Interprofessional learning (IPL) which focuses on the pharmacist's role in specialty practices as part of a multidisciplinary health care team has not been explored. This study aimed to determine health care students' understanding of the role of the pharmacist in compounding medications to optimize health outcomes for patients in rural and remote health care services. Methods: Four workshops followed by focus group interviews were conducted with undergraduate pharmacy, medical, nursing, physiotherapy, dentistry, Aboriginal public health, and speech pathology students (n=15)...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718064/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-risk-of-dementia-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#20
S Kurl, J A Laukkanen, E Lonnroos, A M Remes, H Soininen
Dementia is considered to be one of the major public health problems in light of the ageing population. Little is known about directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness as measured by maximal oxygen uptake and the risk of dementia. Our aim was to examine the relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness, as indicated by maximal oxygen uptake, with subsequent incidence of dementia. This was a population-based cohort study with an average follow-up of 22 (range 0.22-29.8) years from eastern Finland. About 2,031 men with a mean age of 52...
April 28, 2018: Age and Ageing
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