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public health nutrition

Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Min Su, Yafei Si, Zhongliang Zhou, Chi Shen, Wanyue Dong, Xiaojing Fan, Xiao Wang, Xiaolin Wei
BACKGROUND: Hypertension has become a global health challenge given its high prevalence and but low awareness and detection. Whether the actual prevalence of hypertension has been estimated is important, especially for the poor. This study aimed to measure tested prevalence and self-reported prevalence of hypertension and compare the inequity between them in China. METHODS: Data were derived from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) conducted in 2011. By using the multistage, stratified, random sampling method, 12,168 respondents aged 18 or older were identified for analysis...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Raul Zamora-Ros, Valerie Cayssials, Ramón Cleries, María Luisa Redondo, Maria-Jose Sánchez, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Jose-Juan Sánchez-Cruz, Olatz Mokoroa, Leire Gil, Pilar Amiano, Carmen Navarro, María Dolores Chirlaque, José María Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Eva Ardanaz, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Antonio Agudo
PURPOSE: Dietary guidelines for egg consumption for general population differ among public health agencies. Our aim was to investigate the association between egg intake and both all-cause and specific-cause of mortality in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Spain cohort included 40,621 men and women aged 29-69 years old in the nineties from 5 Spanish regions. After a mean of 18 years of follow-up, 3,561 deaths were recorded, of which 1,694 were from cancer, 761 from CVD, and 870 from other causes...
June 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Zhe Xu, Scott T McClure, Lawrence J Appel
The 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that individuals should minimize their dietary cholesterol intake. However, current dietary cholesterol intake and its food sources have not been well-characterized. We examined dietary cholesterol intake by age, sex, race, and food sources using 24-h dietary recall data from a nationally representative sample of 5047 adults aged 20 years or older who participated in NHANES (2013⁻2014 survey cycle). We also reported trends in cholesterol intake across the past seven NHANES surveys...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
Yue Teng, Jingmiao Hu, Shan Dong, Lixia Zhang, Xin Lu, Haishan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To have a knowledge of prevalent red blood cell folate concentration in Beijing and analyzes optimum time and dose of folic acid supplement. To provide the basis data for making public health policy and clinical consultation. METHODS: This study included 3458 pregnant women who visited nutrition outpatient of the Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Beijing in first trimester. Their last menstrual period is between 1st Feb 2014 and 31 st Jan 2016...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Paul Spiegel, Rebecca Chanis, Antonio Trujillo
BACKGROUND: More than 65 million persons are currently forcibly displaced, of whom more than 22 million are refugees. Conflicts are increasing, and existing ones are becoming more protracted; a refugee remains a refugee for more than 10 years. Funding for refugee assistance comes primarily from high-income countries after an emergency has occurred. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees spent approximately 12% of its budget on health, nutrition, food security, water, and sanitation in 2016...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medicine
Jane Francis, Sharon Unger, Nicole Bando, Ashleigh Vance, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Paige Church, Daniel Sellen, Deborah L O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: Infant feeding guidelines are important public health strategies to promote optimal growth, development and chronic disease prevention, but their effectiveness is contingent upon families' ability to adhere to them. Little is known of adherence to guidelines among nutritionally vulnerable infants, specifically those born very-low-birth-weight (<1500 grams). This study investigated whether post-discharge feeding practices for very-low-birth-weight infants align with current recommendations and explored parental and infant baseline socio-demographics related to these practices...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Seon Young Hwang, Jae Lan Shim, Dayun Kang, Jungsoon Choi
BACKGROUND: Although the association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been reported, whether periodontitis and poor oral health behavior influence CVD risk remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether periodontal disease and poor oral health behavior predict 10-year general CVD risk using the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: Patients older than 30 years with no CVD history (n = 8370) were selected using cross-sectional study data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2013 and 2014...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
G D Slade, W B Grider, W R Maas, A E Sanders
Fluoridation of America's drinking water was among the great public health achievements of the 20th century. Yet there is a paucity of studies from the past 3 decades investigating its dental health benefits in the U.S. POPULATION: This cross-sectional study sought to evaluate associations between availability of community water fluoridation (CWF) and dental caries experience in the U.S. child and adolescent population. County-level estimates of the percentage of population served by CWF (% CWF) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Water Fluoridation Reporting System were merged with dental examination data from 10 y of National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999 to 2004 and 2011 to 2014)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Khanh Le Nguyen Bao, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Bee Koon Poh, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Chinh Nguyen Huu, Edith Sumedi, Jamil Nor Aini, Sayamon Senaprom, Paul Deurenberg, Marjolijn Bragt, Ilse Khouw
Despite a major decrease in undernutrition worldwide over the last 25 years, underweight and stunting in children still persist as public health issues especially in Africa and Asia. Adequate nutrition is one of the key factors for healthy growth and development of children. In this study, the associations between dairy consumption and nutritional status in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) were investigated. National representative data of 12,376 children in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam aged between 1 and 12 years were pooled, representing nearly 88 million children in this age category...
June 13, 2018: Nutrients
Pasqualina M Coffey, Anna P Ralph, Vicki L Krause
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) poses a major disease burden among disadvantaged populations globally. It results from acute rheumatic fever (ARF), a complication of Group A Streptococcal (GAS) infection. These conditions are acknowledged as diseases of poverty, however the role of specific social and environmental factors in GAS infection and progression to ARF/RHD is not well understood. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the association between social determinants of health and GAS infection, ARF and RHD, and the effect of interventions targeting these...
June 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Rachel Shentow-Bewsh, Daniyal Zuberi
With rates of obesity among adults and youth rising in Canada, it is clear that the current approaches currently used to reduce the prevalence of obesity, with an emphasis on individual weight management interventions focused on restrictive dieting, are not proving successful at a population level. Given that obesity is associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes, is placing a multi-billion-dollar economic burden on Canada and disproportionately affects disadvantaged groups, such as Aboriginal Canadians and women of low socioeconomic status, it is a health and social issue that must be addressed immediately by social workers and policy makers...
June 13, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
G Troiano, R Simi, I Mercurio, M G Alfonzo, C M Trombetta, I Manini, G Lazzeri
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children is rapidly increasing in many countries. For this reason we decided to investigate the eating habits of 8-9 years old Tuscany children, by paying attention to the frequency of their meals per day and to their food choices, also in relation to children's Body Mass Index (BMI) classes. In addition, we considered some environmental factors that could affect children eating behaviors, such as parents' BMI. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Tuscany nutritional surveillance system (part of the national periodical survey) and collected from children, parents and teachers, have been linked to study of children's eating habits...
July 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Kirsten E Sildén
BACKGROUND: The United States (US) is currently facing a public health crisis due to the percentage of obesity in adolescents. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) stated the risks for children due to obesity are many. Adolescents obtain a large portion of their daily caloric intake at school; therefore, what foods/drinks they are consuming is so serious. OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze literature on the effects of competitive foods in public schools on adolescent weight, or Body Mass Index (BMI), and possible impacts they may have on adolescent obesity in the United States...
2018: Global Health Action
Elizabeth Spiegler, Youn-Kyung Kim, Beatrice Hoyos, Sureshbabu Narayanasamy, Hongfeng Jiang, Nicole Savio, Robert W Curley, Earl H Harrison, Ulrich Hammerling, Loredana Quadro
Vitamin A deficiency is still a public health concern affecting millions of pregnant women and children. Retinoic acid, the active form of vitamin A, is critical for proper mammalian embryonic development. Embryos can generate retinoic acid from maternal circulating β-carotene upon oxidation of retinaldehyde produced via the symmetric cleavage enzyme β-carotene 15,15'-oxygenase (BCO1). Another cleavage enzyme, β-carotene 9',10'-oxygenase (BCO2), asymmetrically cleaves β-carotene in adult tissues to prevent its mitochondrial toxicity, generating β-apo-10'-carotenal, which can be converted to retinoids (vitamin A and its metabolites) by BCO1...
June 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhifang Wang, Mingluan Xing, Wenming Zhu, Guangming Mao, Zhe Mo, Yuanyang Wang, Zhijian Chen, Xiaoming Lou, Shichang Xia, Xiaofeng Wang
Zhejiang introduced universal salt iodization (USI) programme in 1995 and has achieved the goal of elimination of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) since 2011. However, no systematical data of iodine nutritional status in population in pregnancy is available. In this cross-sectional study, pregnant women were interviewed to complete questionnaires in addition to handing in samples of urine and household table salt between March 2016 to February 2017. Date of birth, age of pregnancy, ethnicity and dietary iodine habits were recorded...
June 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wenwen Du, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Jiguo Zhang, Chang Su, Xiaofang Jia, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang, Li Li, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A plays an important role in human functions, which mainly come from foods. This study aims to examine dietary vitamin A intake and major food sources of Chinese adults. METHODS: We analyzed the cross-sectional data from 12,246 adult aged 18 to 64 years old in 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study. Three consecutive 24-h dietary recalls combined with household weighing method were used to assess dietary vitamin A intake. RESULTS: The average dietary vitamin A intakes were 480...
June 11, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Li Chen, Ruiyi Liu, Marina Pozhidaeva, Jinqiu Xie, Wei Cao, Fan Zhang, Cesar Reis, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
Finding ways to reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption among adolescents has been a major public health challenge in China. In relation to this issue, the current study evaluated the changes in the sociodemographic factors of tobacco and alcohol consumption among Chinese adolescents who are 12⁻18 years old. Trends in sociodemographic factors associated with tobacco and alcohol consumption were investigated based on the 2004⁻2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey data. Questionnaires that extracted data on tobacco and alcohol consumption (i...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Smaro Kokkinidou, Devin Peterson, Tama Bloch, Ashley Bronston
Patients who are malnourished or at-risk for malnutrition often benefit from the consumption of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). ONS supply a range of micro- and macro-nutrients, and they can be used to supplement a diet or provide total nutrition. Since ONS are specially formulated products, all ONS ingredients&mdash;including carbohydrates&mdash;are added ingredients. This may seem to be at odds with the growing public health discourse on the need to reduce &ldquo;added sugars&rdquo; in the diet...
June 8, 2018: Nutrients
Sarah Armstrong, Charlene A Wong, Eliana Perrin, Sara Page, Lauren Sibley, Asheley Skinner
Importance: Physical activity in youth is associated with adult health. Understanding the prevalence and factors of moderate to vigorous physical activity among adolescents and young adults will guide public health and policy efforts. Objectives: To describe the current patterns of physical activity and duration among adolescents and young adults and to identify the direction and magnitude of associations between physical activity and income, race/ethnicity, and sex...
June 11, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
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