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public health nutrition

Howarth Bouis
Fundamentally, the prevalence of mineral and vitamin deficiencies is high in developing countries due to the fact that agricultural systems do not produce sufficient foods rich in minerals and vitamins. Biofortification involves breeding staple food crops to increase their micronutrient content, targeting staple foods widely consumed by low-income families globally. In so doing, biofortification contributes to solving the underlying problem of mineral and vitamin deficiencies by increasing the amount of iron, zinc, and provitamin A produced by food systems...
April 13, 2018: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Maria A Karalexi, Marina Mitrogiorgou, Georgia G Georgantzi, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Smaragdi Fessatou
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the literature regarding the association of consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) during childhood with negative metabolic health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Following the PRISMA guidelines, published literature was systematically reviewed. Eligible studies (N = 13) were identified through the screening of over 2500 publications. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted on the association of NNS consumption with body mass index (BMI) increase...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Darin Leonard
Unhealthy dietary intake among American children and adults is of great concern to public health practitioners, nutritional scientists, and child development experts. Cooking skills are related to healthier dietary intake among Americans of all ages, but remain a substantial barrier for many parents who want to serve healthy meals for their families at home. Culinary education interventions are effective solutions for many parents who do not know how to cook, but issues with participation bias mean that these programs are not effective solutions for all individuals...
April 12, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Muluken Tigistu Hailegiorgis, Tezera Moshago Berheto, Ephrem Lejore Sibamo, Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Gashaw Tesfa, Fitsum Birhanu
INTRODUCTION: Orphans face multiple challenges including insufficient food, shelter, schooling, and medical care. Most research on orphans in developing countries concentrates on nutrition and health status. The present study aims to explore the psychological wellbeing of in-school orphaned and non-orphaned children. METHOD: A comparative cross-sectional study design was used in 370 randomly selected children aged between 10 and 18. Two rosters (one for orphans and one for non-orphans) were created, and then 185 were selected from each roster...
2018: PloS One
Jennifer Jean Crowley, Celia Laur, Harrison David Edward Carter, Glenys Jones, Sumantra Ray
Nutrition is an important component of public health and health care, including in education and research, and in the areas of policy and practice. This statement was the overarching message during the third annual International Summit on Medical Nutrition Education and Research, held at Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, in August 2017. This summit encouraged attendees to think more broadly about the impact of nutrition policy on health and communities, including the need to visualize the complete food system from "pre-farm to post-fork...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Jung Keun Park, Soo Lee, Ji Eun Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Ji Hyun Kim, Jin Hee Yoon, Suk Won Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hwan Cho
Background: Globally, smoking is one of the biggest challenges in public health and is a known cause of several important diseases. Influenza is preventable via annual vaccination, which is the most effective and cost-beneficial method of prevention. However, subjects who smoke have some unhealthy behaviours such as alcohol, low physical activity, and low vaccination rate. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between smoking status and factors potentially related to the influenza vaccination coverage rate in the South Korean adult population...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Marzieh Javanmardi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Hasan Ashrafi-Rizi
Background: In recent years, the Internet has become one of the most popular sources of health information for users, and pregnant women are no exception. This study aimed to investigate Internet usage among pregnant women for achieving health information on the finding of related studies. Materials and Methods: This review study was conducted by searching databases such as IranMedex, Magiran, Scientific Information Database, Irandoc, PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and Scopus in December 2016...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Mengmeng Huang, Jingjing Jiao, Jun Wang, Xinyu Chen, Yu Zhang
BACKGROUND: The potential hazards of acrylamide (AA) have been proposed due to its lifelong exposure. However, the association between AA exposure and mortality remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prospective association of AA hemoglobin adducts (HbAA and HbGA) with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in U.S. population from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006. METHODS: We followed 5504 participants who were ≥25 years of age for an average of 6...
April 5, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Juan Pedro Arrebola, Argelia Castaño, Marta Esteban, Mónica Bartolomé, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Juan José Ramos
Diet is considered the main source of Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) exposure in the general population, although there are still several gaps of knowledge regarding the differential contribution of main food groups. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns that contribute to human exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs). Study population (n=1880, 18-65years old) was recruited during 2009-2010 in all the main geographical areas of Spain...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Charles F Dillon, Michael H Weisman
The US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has collected population-based, nationally representative examination, laboratory, and radiographic data for arthritis and musculoskeletal diseases for more than 50 years. The resulting body of data and publications are substantial, yet much data remain unpublished. This review provides a basic understanding of the design and capabilities of the NHANES survey, reviewing the major accomplishments in the area of arthritis and musculoskeletal diseases...
May 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Petros Papalexis, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Dimitrios Kouretas, Flora Bacopoulou, Christina Tsitsimpikou
Although the use of nutritional supplements by adult athletes has been extensively studied, information on supplements consumption by adolescent athletes is still limited. The present study reports on the use of nutritional supplements contaminated with banned doping substances among 170 recreational adolescent athletes from eleven, randomly selected, gym centres, in Athens, Greece. Nutritional supplements consumption was reported by almost 60% of the study population, with proteins/amino acids and vitamins being the most popular...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Tommaso Filippini, Bernhard Michalke, Lauren A Wise, Carlotta Malagoli, Marcella Malavolti, Luciano Vescovi, Chiara Salvia, Annalisa Bargellini, Sabina Sieri, Vittorio Krogh, Margherita Ferrante, Marco Vinceti
Selenium is a trace element of both nutritional and toxicological interest, depending on its dose and chemical form. Diet is the primary source of exposure for most individuals. We sought to investigate the influence of food intake on serum levels of selenium species. Among fifty subjects randomly selected from a Northern Italian population, we assessed dietary habits using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. We also measured circulating levels of selenium species in serum using high pressure liquid chromatography associated with inductively-coupled plasma dynamic reaction cell mass spectrometer...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Patrícia Simone Nogueira, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ana Paula Muraro, Lídia Pitaluga Pereira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
Admission to a university may cause significant changes in the pattern of exposure to health risks. The aim of this paper is to describe the study design and methodological procedures adopted in the Longitudinal Study on the Lifestyle and Health of University Students (ELESEU). This study examines a dynamic cohort of full-time students at a public university in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This research, which started in 2015, will have four years of follow-up and is scheduled to end in 2018. A self-administered questionnaire is applied, containing questions regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and information on health conditions and risk factors such as lifestyle, perceived stress, symptoms of depression, body image, risk behaviors for eating disorders, self-assessment of health and diet quality, and other issues related to nutrition and health...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Devon Mackenzie, Anne Pfitzer, Christina Maly, Charles Waka, Gajendra Singh, Abanti Sanyal
OBJECTIVES: Maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services represent opportunities to integrate postpartum family planning (PPFP). Objectives were to determine levels of MNCH-family planning (FP) integration and associations between integration, client characteristics and service delivery factors in facilities that received programmatic PPFP support. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional client flow assessment conducted during May-July 2014, over 5 days at 10 purposively selected public sector facilities in India (4 hospitals) and Kenya (2 hospitals and 4 health centres)...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
R Ross MacLean, Alexandra Cowan, Jacqueline A Vernarelli
BACKGROUND: Given the current prevalence of both cigarette use and obesity in the United States, identification of dietary patterns that reduce mortality risk are important public health priorities. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between cigarette use and dietary energy density, a marker for diet quality, in a population of current smokers, former smokers, and never smokers. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of 5293 adults who participated in the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) were analyzed...
April 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
Diana V Luna-González, Marten Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: Child undernutrition remains one of the greatest challenges for public health nutrition in rural areas in developing countries. Interventions aiming to increase and conserve agrobiodiversity seem to be promising alternatives to improve child nutrition. However, the existing literature on these interventions is not conclusive about their effectiveness in combating child undernutrition. We tested the hypothesis that 'higher agrobiodiversity is associated with greater dietary diversity and better anthropometric status' in rural Guatemala...
April 3, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Mary Kathryn Poole, Adrienne R Mundorf, Naomi K Englar, Donald Rose
In 2013, a team of public health professionals at Tulane University launched a project to explore strategies for shaping a healthier Louisiana. The team investigated methods for improving diet and physical activity behaviors in early childhood, school, and community settings that could be translated into specific policies. Through key informant interviews and scans of academic journals and reports issued by public health agencies, the team generated a set of actionable steps that could increase healthful behaviors...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Dana Lee Olstad, Rebecca M Leech, Katherine M Livingstone, Kylie Ball, Beth Thomas, Jane Potter, Xenia Cleanthous, Rachael Reynolds, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Increasing inequalities in rates of obesity and chronic disease may be partly fuelled by increasing dietary inequalities, however very few nationally representative analyses of socioeconomic trends in dietary inequalities exist. The release of the 2011-13 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey data allows investigation of change in dietary intake according to socioeconomic position (SEP) in Australia using a large, nationally representative sample, compared to the previous national survey in 1995...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Abdulkerim Eroglu, Kerry J Schulze, James Yager, Robert N Cole, Parul Christian, Bareng A S Nonyane, Sun Eun Lee, Lee Shu Fune Wu, Subarna Khatry, John Groopman, Keith P West
Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments that function as vitamin A precursors, antioxidants, anti-inflammatory agents or biomarkers of recent vegetable and fruit intake, and are thus important for population health and nutritional assessment. An assay approach that measures proteins could be more technologically feasible than chromatography, thus enabling more frequent carotenoid status assessment. We explored associations between proteomic biomarkers and concentrations of 6 common dietary carotenoids (α-carotene, β-carotene, lutein/zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, and lycopene) in plasma from 500 6-8 year old Nepalese children...
March 29, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
S Maria O'Kane, Maria S Mulhern, L Kirsty Pourshahidi, J J Strain, Alison J Yeates
Context: The metabolism of thyroid hormones, which are essential for normal development, involves many proteins and enzymes. It requires iodine as a key component but is also influenced by several other micronutrients, including selenium, zinc, iron, and vitamin A. Objective: This systematic review was designed to investigate the effect of micronutrient status and supplementation on iodine status and thyroid hormone concentrations. Data Sources: Using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) guidelines, electronic databases were searched from their inception to April 2016...
March 27, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
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