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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441327/exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-and-its-association-among-mothers-of-under-5-children-in-kwango-district-dr-congo
#1
Sarita Dhakal, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
The benefit of the breastfeeding has been well-established. In comparison to partial breast feeding, exclusive breastfeeding has even more benefits. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with breastfeeding exclusivity during the first 6 months of life in order to better target public health interventions in this community towards healthier infant nutrition and address child mortality in this population. A cross-sectional survey among 1145 random households was conducted in the Kwango district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during 2 November 2015 to 13 November 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438157/age-period-and-cohort-effects-and-the-predictors-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-among-chinese-children-from-2004-to-2011
#2
Xinping Wei, Yu Zang, Xiaodong Jia, Xiangui He, Shurong Zou, Hui Wang, Meihua Shen, Jiajie Zang
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have explored the effects of age, time period, and cohort in association with biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental factors predictors on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) among Chinese children. METHODS: We used data from a cohort study of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 2004 and 2011 (2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011). The outcomes of interest were metabolic equivalent of task (MET) hours per week from both active and sedentary activities...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435784/school-food-environment-quality-and-advertisement-frequency-of-child-oriented-packaged-products-within-walking-distance-of-public-schools
#3
Benjamin Missbach, Caterina Pachschwöll, Daniel Kuchling, Jürgen König
Food marketing for children is a major concern for public health nutrition and many schools make efforts to increase healthy eating. Food environments surrounding schools in urban areas may undermine these efforts for healthy nutrition within school programs. Our study aim is to describe the nutrition environment within walking distance of schools in terms of food quality and food marketing and to explore the degree to which elements of the nutrition environment varies by proximity to schools. In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed the surrounding food environments of a convenience sample of 46 target schools within 950m walking distance in 7 different urban districts across Vienna, Austria...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434242/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-ot%C3%A3-p2014-iii-macroelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#4
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian adult population. The aim of the study is to present the macroelement intake of the population. METHOD: The study represents the macrolement intake of the population with age 18 or over on the day of 31 December 2013, of those who are non-institutionalised. RESULTS: Salt intake decreased compared to the findings of the previous study in 2009 but it is still extremely high (15...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429917/the-impact-of-urbanization-on-the-community-food-environment-in-china
#5
Yang Wu, Hong Xue, Huijun Wang, Chang Su, Shufa Du, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research on how urbanization has influenced the food environment in China is limited. The study aimed to examine the impact of urbanization on the food environment in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal data collected during 1989-2009 from the China Health and Nutrition Survey were used, which covered 9 provinces in China. Urbanicity index (0-10) was assessed using an urbanicity scale. Final analyses included 216 communities...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429916/opportunities-and-barriers-to-public-health-nutrition-education-in-vietnamese-universities
#6
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley, Mark Lawrence, Bernie Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A core challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in combating the negative effects of the nutrition transition is to implement appropriate prevention strategies to halt the increasing prevalence of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), against a background of prevailing under nutrition. There have been several proposals for the enhancement of university nutrition education for future health and related professionals who are expected to communicate knowledge of health risks to the broad community...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429915/adolescent-women-as-a-key-target-population-for-community-nutrition-education-programs-in-indonesia
#7
Amy Savage, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescence is a critical life-stage that sets the foundation for health in adulthood. Adolescent women are a unique population and should be targeted as such for nutrition promotion activities. Using Indonesia as a case study, this qualitative study aimed to identify existing nutrition promotion programs aimed at adolescent girls, how best to target this population and effective recommendations to inform nutrition education program design for this important group...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#8
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427396/demdata-the-austrian-czech-institutional-long-term-care-project-design-and-protocol-of-a-two-centre-cross-sectional-study
#9
Stefanie Auer, Elisabeth Linsmayer, Anna Beránková, Patrick Pascher, Bernadette Firlinger, Doris Prischl, Paulina Ratajczak, Edith Span, Iva Holmerova
BACKGROUND: The organization of long-term care is one of the main challenges of public health and health policies in Europe and worldwide, especially in terms of care concepts for people with dementia. In Austria and the Czech Republic the majority of elderly institutionalized persons with dementia are cared for in nursing homes. It is however unclear, how many persons living in nursing homes in Austria and in the Czech Republic are suffering from cognitive impairment and dementia. In addition, basic information on the nutritional status, the status of mobility and the medication prescription patterns are often missing...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426304/a-significant-and-quiet-threat-to-public-health-in-the-united-states-state-preemption
#10
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Mark Pertschuk
State and local governments traditionally protect the health and safety of their populations more strenuously than does the federal government. Preemption, when a higher level of government restricts or withdraws the authority of a lower level of government to act on a particular issue, was historically used as a point of negotiation in the legislative process. More recently, however, 3 new preemption-related issues have emerged that have direct implications for public health. First, multiple industries are working on a 50-state strategy to enact state laws preempting local regulation...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426302/innovations-in-population-health-surveillance-using-electronic-health-records-for-chronic-disease-surveillance
#11
Sharon E Perlman, Katharine H McVeigh, Lorna E Thorpe, Laura Jacobson, Carolyn M Greene, R Charon Gwynn
With 87% of providers using electronic health records (EHRs) in the United States, EHRs have the potential to contribute to population health surveillance efforts. However, little is known about using EHR data outside syndromic surveillance and quality improvement. We created an EHR-based population health surveillance system called the New York City (NYC) Macroscope and assessed the validity of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, obesity, depression, and influenza vaccination indicators. The NYC Macroscope uses aggregate data from a network of outpatient practices...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426300/overview-of-asian-american-data-collection-release-and-analysis-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2018
#12
Ryne Paulose-Ram, Vicki Burt, Lisa Broitman, Namanjeet Ahluwalia
Data System. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, is a cross-sectional survey on the health and nutritional status of US adults and children. Data Collection/Processing. A complex, multistage probability design is used to select a sample representative of the US civilian, noninstitutionalized population. NHANES includes in-home interviews, physical examinations, and biospecimen collection. About 5000 persons are examined annually...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425182/serum-ferritin-thresholds-for-the-diagnosis-of-iron-deficiency-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
J Daru, J Allotey, J P Peña-Rosas, K S Khan
The aim of this review was to understand the landscape of serum ferritin in diagnosing iron deficiency in the aetiology of anaemia in pregnancy. Iron deficiency in pregnancy is a major public health problem leading to the development of anaemia. Reducing the global prevalence of anaemia in women of reproductive age is a 2025 global nutrition target. Bone marrow aspiration is the gold standard test for iron deficiency but requires an invasive procedure; therefore, serum ferritin is the most clinically useful test...
April 20, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424192/sodium-sugar-and-fat-content-of-complementary-infant-and-toddler-foods-sold-in-the-united-states-2015
#14
Joyce Maalouf, Mary E Cogswell, Marlana Bates, Keming Yuan, Kelley S Scanlon, Pamela Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Robert K Merritt
Background: As part of a healthy diet, limiting intakes of excess sodium, added sugars, saturated fat, and trans fat has been recommended. The American Heart Association recommends that children aged <2 y should avoid added sugars.Objective: We sought to determine commercial complementary infant-toddler food categories that were of potential concern because of the sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, or trans fat content.Design: Nutrition label information (e.g., serving size, sodium, saturated fat, trans fat) for 1032 infant and toddler foods was collected from manufacturers' websites and stores from May to July 2015 for 24 brands, which accounted for >95% of infant-toddler food sales...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424091/investigations-into-the-association-between-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-haemoglobin-and-child-development-indices-in-manufahi-district-timor-leste
#15
Suzy J Campbell, Susana V Nery, Catherine A D'Este, Darren J Gray, James S McCarthy, Rebecca J Traub, Ross M Andrews, Stacey Llewellyn, Andrew J Vallely, Gail M Williams, Archie C A Clements
BACKGROUND: Timor-Leste has a high prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections. High proportions of the population have been reported as being anaemic, and extremely high proportions of children as stunted or wasted. There have been no published analyses of the contributions of STH to these morbidity outcomes in Timor-Leste. METHODS: Using baseline cross-sectional data from 24 communities (18 communities enrolled in a cluster randomised controlled trial, and identically-collected data from six additional communities), analyses of the association between STH infections and community haemoglobin and child development indices were undertaken...
April 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423661/examining-the-association-between-anthropometric-parameters-and-telomere-length-and-mortality-risk
#16
Chen-Jung Wu, Tung-Wei Kao, Yuan-Yung Lin, Fang-Yih Liaw, Li-Wei Wu, Yaw-Wen Chang, Tao-Chun Peng, Wei-Liang Chen
A shorter telomere length is associated with several systemic disorders. Telomere length may be an informative biomarker for the maintenance of the overall health status and mortality. There are a limited number of empirical studies concerning the effect of anthropometric parameters on telomere length. The data are derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2002. The primary outcomes of this study were to examine the potential relationships between the anthropometric indices and the telomere length, while secondary outcomes of this study was to investigate the association between different anthropometric indices and mortality risk...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422120/trends-of-increases-in-potential-risk-factors-and-prevalence-rates-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-thailand
#17
REVIEW
V Chavasit, W Kriengsinyos, J Photi, K Tontisirin
Over the past three decades, undernutrition in Thailand has drastically reduced by over seven times. However, since 1995 the number of patients afflicted with non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, has rapidly increased, even among the young. Unhealthy life styles due to urbanization are a major reason for this increase. Less physical activity and low consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as high consumption of added free sugar, are common. Every year, the Thai people increase their consumption of energy from fat and protein, while lowering their intake of energy from complex carbohydrates...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420455/nutrient-profiling-for-product-reformulation-public-health-impact-and-benefits-for-the-consumer
#18
Undine Lehmann, Véronique Rheiner Charles, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Gabriel Masset, Jörg Spieldenner
The food industry holds great potential for driving consumers to adopt healthy food choices as (re)formulation of foods can improve the nutritional quality of these foods. Reformulation has been identified as a cost-effective intervention in addressing non-communicable diseases as it does not require significant alterations of consumer behaviour and dietary habits. Nutrient profiling (NP), the science of categorizing foods based on their nutrient composition, has emerged as an essential tool and is implemented through many different profiling systems to guide reformulation and other nutrition policies...
April 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420409/assessing-the-status-of-iodine-deficiency-disorder-idd-and-associated-factors-in-wolaita-and-dawro-zones-school-adolescents-southern-ethiopia
#19
Shimelash Bitew Workie, Yemane Gebremariam Abebe, Amha Admasie Gelaye, Tefera Chane Mekonen
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is the major preventable cause of irreversible mental retardation in the world. Ethiopia is a country with high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders which continue to affect a large number of the country's population. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder in Wolaita and Dawuro zones. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in high school and preparatory students in Wolaita and Dawuro zones between April and May 2012...
April 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419559/impact-of-the-global-burden-of-periodontal-diseases-on-health-nutrition-and-wellbeing-of-mankind-a-call-for-global-action
#20
Maurizio S Tonetti, Søren Jepsen, Lijian Jin, Joan Otomo-Corgel
BACKGROUND: The global burden of periodontal diseases remains high. Population growth trends, changes in risk factors and improved tooth retention will increase the socio-economic burden of periodontitis that is responsible for 3,5 million years lived with disability, 54 billion USD/year in lost productivity and a major portion of the 442 billion USD/year cost for oral diseases. METHODS: In the context of the Milan World Exhibition 2015 "Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life", a green paper was developed and offered for global consultation by the European Federation of Periodontology...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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