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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237377/diet-and-brain-health-which-role-for-polyphenols
#1
Vanessa Castelli, Davide Grassi, Raffaella Bocale, Michele d'Angelo, Andrea Antonosante, Annamaria Cimini, Claudio Ferri, Giovambattista Desideri
BACKGROUND: The aging of western societies is leading to a dramatic increase in the prevalence of chronic conditions, threatening the health status and then the sustainability of our healthcare systems. In particular, dementia is being increasingly recognized as a public health priority, given its enormous socioeconomic burdens further amplified by the absence of treatments really effective in improving the clinical course of the disease. METHODS: The question of whether some degree of cognitive deterioration is an inevitable part of aging or should be considered as a pathological pre-stage of dementia is currently debated...
December 12, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236993/balanced-nutrition-and-hand-hygiene-for-children-in-south-africa
#2
Amy C Bobbins, Rufaro Manhanzva, Manisha Bhandankar, Sunitha C Srinivas
Globally, ∼5.9 million children under the age of 5 years died in 2015, with the challenges of child mortality and morbidity being common in developing countries. Many of these deaths are preventable and poor nutritional and hygienic practices contribute greatly to these rates. The spread of infectious disease through unhygienic practices, such as inadequate hand hygiene, remains high due to lack of education regarding hygienic infection control practices at home and in the workplace. The aim of this research was to design and implement a participatory health promotion intervention for caregivers at the Rhodes Day Care Centre (RDCC) that highlighted these important public health issues...
December 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236783/nutrition-label-experience-obesity-high-blood-pressure-and-high-blood-lipids-in-a-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#3
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Martyn Kirk, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition labels have been promoted for nearly two decades in Thailand to educate people about healthy eating and to combat nutrient-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But little is known about how nutrition labels are experienced and whether they are linked with better health. Our objective was to investigate the associations between nutrition label experience, obesity and nutrient-related NCDs in Thai consumers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with a nationwide cohort of 42,750 distance learning Thai adult students enrolled in an Open University in 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236073/reduced-educational-outcomes-persist-into-adolescence-following-mild-iodine-deficiency-in-utero-despite-adequacy-in-childhood-15-year-follow-up-of-the-gestational-iodine-cohort-investigating-auditory-processing-speed-and-working-memory
#4
Kristen L Hynes, Petr Otahal, John R Burgess, Wendy H Oddy, Ian Hay
There is increasing evidence that even mild gestational iodine deficiency (GID) results in adverse neurocognitive impacts on offspring. It's unclear, however, if these persist long-term and whether they can be ameliorated by iodine sufficiency in childhood. We followed a unique cohort (Gestational Iodine Cohort, n = 266) where gestation occurred during a period of mild population iodine deficiency, with children subsequently growing-up in an iodine replete environment. We investigated whether associations between mild GID and reductions in literacy outcomes, observed at age 9-years, persisted into adolescence...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235711/an-assessment-of-australian-school-physical-activity-and-nutrition-policies
#5
Michalis Stylianou, Jacqueline L Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to identify and assess existing physical activity and nutrition policies for Australian schools. METHODS: Policies were identified through a search of the websites of national and state/territory education departments and school associations, and were subsequently assessed against specific criteria. RESULTS: Policies were identified for government schools, but only for one non-government school association...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227217/public-health-nutrition-special-issue-on-ultra-processed-foods
#6
Bridget Kelly, Enrique Jacoby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227216/front-of-package-nutrition-references-are-positively-associated-with-food-processing
#7
Anthea Christoforou, Naomi Dachner, Rena Mendelson, Valerie Tarasuk
OBJECTIVE: Foods characterized by a high degree of processing are pervasive in the global food supply and concerns have been raised about their contribution to the escalating burden of diet-related disease. It has been suggested that the dominance of these products relates in part to their aggressive on-package marketing. The purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship between the extent and nature of front-of-package (FOP) nutrition references on products sold in Canadian supermarkets and the level of food processing...
January 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#8
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224220/why-and-how-schools-make-nutrition-education-programs-work
#9
Kathleen J Porter, Pamela A Koch, Isobel R Contento
BACKGROUND: There are many potential health benefits to having nutrition education programs offered by expert outside sources in schools. However, little is known about why and how schools initiate, implement, and institutionalize them. Gaining this understanding may allow the impact and reach of nutrition and other health education programs in schools to be extended. METHODS: A total of 22 school community members from 21 purposefully selected New York City public elementary schools were interviewed using a semistructured interview protocol about their schools' experiences initiating, implementing, and institutionalizing nutrition education programs...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222899/prevalence-and-determinants-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Sidrah Nausheen, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed using the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011- 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#11
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221515/socioeconomic-disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-ghanaian-women
#12
Jeffrey Boakye, Danielle Mensah, Swati Sakhuja, Pauline E Jolly, Tomi Akinyemiju
BACKGROUND: Recent trends toward urbanization in developing countries like Ghana, coupled with nutritional transition and aging populations, have led to a rapid increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and cardiometabolic risk factors among women in Ghana. METHODS: Data for this analysis were obtained from Wave 1 of the Ghana Study of Global Aging and Health, conducted in 2007, and included women 18 years and older...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219626/eveningness-is-associated-with-skipping-breakfast-and-poor-nutritional-intake-in-brazilian-undergraduate-students
#13
Gabriela Pereira Teixeira, Maria Carliana Mota, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Some studies have proposed that self-reported eveningness, which reflects the preference of performing activities in the evening, may harm nutritional health and influence the eating behavior and nutritional status of individuals. However, the relationship between these variables (eveningness and nutritional status) and the consumption of breakfast, which is currently considered a marker of health, has been insufficiently explored by studies. The aim of this study was to investigate, in undergraduate students, the association between diurnal preference, being overweight, and food consumption (with special focus on breakfast)...
December 8, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219136/assessment-of-village-health-sanitation-and-nutrition-committees-of-chandigarh-india
#14
Reetu Passi, Sonu Goel, Sangeeta Ajay
BACKGROUND: Village Health, Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs), one of the key interventions introduced by National Rural Health Mission, are an important mechanism to ensure community participation and ownership for decentralized health planning. OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation status of VHSNCs and analyze the issues regarding their implementation in the villages of Chandigarh. METHODS: A cross-sectional mix method study was conducted in the year 2015 in all 22 VHSNCs of Chandigarh...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218540/corporate-philanthropy-toward-community-health-improvement-in-manufacturing-communities
#15
Megan McHugh, Diane Farley, Claude R Maechling, Dorothy D Dunlop, Dustin D French, Jane L Holl
Virtually all large employers engage in corporate philanthropy, but little is known about the extent to which it is directed toward improving community health. We conducted in-depth interviews with leaders of corporate philanthropy from 13 of the largest manufacturing companies in the US to understand how giving decisions were made, the extent to which funding was directed towards improving community health, and whether companies coordinate with local public health agencies. We found that corporate giving was sizable and directed towards communities in which the manufacturers have a large presence...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216283/association-between-exercise-type-and-quality-of-life-in-a-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Sang-Ho Oh, Don-Kyu Kim, Shi-Uk Lee, Se Hee Jung, Sang Yoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of three major representative exercises (resistance, flexibility, and walking) on quality of life (QoL) in a population of community-dwelling older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used public data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 (n = 1,586 older people). Demographic factors, three types of exercise, five EuroQoL subsets (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression), and QoL scores (EQ-VAS) were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215977/early-outcomes-of-state-public-health-actions-school-nutrition-strategies
#17
Seraphine Pitt Barnes, Syreeta Skelton-Wilson, Adina Cooper, Caitlin Merlo, Sarah Lee
INTRODUCTION: Since 2013, the State Public Health Actions to Prevent and Control Diabetes, Heart Disease, Obesity and Associated Risk Factors and Promote School Health (State Public Health Actions) program has been implemented to support and reinforce healthy choices and healthy behaviors among the US population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Population Health's School Health Branch has been a critical component, ensuring that state health departments support schools in adopting nutrition standards and creating a supportive nutrition environment...
December 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215976/supporting-obesity-prevention-in-statewide-quality-rating-and-improvement-systems-a-review-of-state-standards
#18
Nora Ann Geary, Carrie Ann Dooyema, Meredith Ann Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: A quality rating and improvement system (QRIS) is a fundamental component of most states' early care and education infrastructures. States can use a QRIS to set standards that define high-quality care and award child care providers with a quality rating designation based on how well they meet these standards. The objective of this review was to describe the extent to which states' QRIS standards include obesity prevention content. METHODS: We collected publicly available data on states' QRIS standards...
December 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#19
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209476/osteoarthritis-affects-health-related-quality-of-life-in-korean-adults-with-chronic-diseases-the-korea-national-health-and-nutritional-examination-surveys-2009-2013
#20
Ji Hye Yang, Kiheon Lee, Se Young Jung, Woo Kyung Bae, Hye Jin Ju, In Young Cho, Jae Kyeong Song, Hwa Yeon Park, Jong-Soo Han, Ga-Hye Lee, Ye Seul Bae
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease that commonly afflicts the elderly. This disease reduces the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and causes a significant social burden. Whether the effect of coexisting chronic conditions on HRQoL varies according to the presence of OA remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate this notion. Methods: A total of 13,395 participants were identified from the 2009-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for analysis...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
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