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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140900/associations-between-bmi-change-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-retired-football-players
#1
Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, J D DeFreese, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
PURPOSE: Elevated rates of cardiometabolic diseases have been observed in former American football players. The current study sought to determine if change in body mass index (ΔBMI) following retirement influences the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes, or high blood pressure (HBP) in former professional football players. METHODS: Retired professional football players (n=3,729) were sent a survey with questions regarding health status, playing history, and demographic information...
November 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138182/disparities-in-the-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-between-hiv-infected-versus-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Joseph A Ladapo, Adam K Richards, Cassandra M DeWitt, Nina T Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, William E Cunningham, John N Mafi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV. We compared use of national guideline-recommended cardiovascular care during office visits among HIV-infected versus HIV-uninfected adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients aged 40 to 79 years in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2006 to 2013...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138133/effects-of-weight-loss-interventions-for-adults-who-are-obese-on-mortality-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Chenhan Ma, Alison Avenell, Mark Bolland, Jemma Hudson, Fiona Stewart, Clare Robertson, Pawana Sharma, Cynthia Fraser, Graeme MacLennan
Objective To assess whether weight loss interventions for adults with obesity affect all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and body weight.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using random effects, estimating risk ratios, and mean differences. Heterogeneity investigated using Cochran's Q and I(2) statistics. Quality of evidence assessed by GRADE criteria.Data sources Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and full texts in our trials' registry for data not evident in databases...
November 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136476/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-focusing-on-diet-and-health-habits-taught-through-physical-exercise
#4
Ana Pablos, Vicente Nebot, Vicente Vañó-Vicent, Diego Ceca, Laura Elvira
The global rate of obesity in childhood is becoming an epidemic and many authors have established a significant association between childhood obesity and overweight in adulthood. It is therefore necessary to seek effective strategies to reduce these levels of obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Healthy Habits Program (HHP). The participants were 158 children from the 5th and 6th grades (Intervention Group [IG] n=82, Control Group [CG] n=76). The HHP is a school-based physical activity program focusing on promoting a healthy lifestyle...
November 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136159/associations-between-maternal-lifestyle-factors-and-neonatal-body-composition-in-the-screening-for-pregnancy-endpoints-cork-cohort-study
#5
Darren L Dahly, Xia Li, Hazel A Smith, Ali S Khashan, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Fergus P McCarthy, Louise C Kenny, Patricia M Kearney
Background: Neonatal body composition likely mediates fetal influences on life long chronic disease risk. A better understanding of how maternal lifestyle is related to newborn body composition could thus inform intervention efforts. Methods: Using Cork participant data (n = 1754) from the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study [ECM5(10)05/02/08], we estimated how pre-pregnancy body size, gestational weight gain, exercise, alcohol, smoking and diet were related to neonatal fat and fat-free mass, as well as length and gestational age at birth, using quantile regression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135717/traditional-versus-hybrid-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-comparison-of-patient-outcomes
#6
Jacqueline Gabelhouse, Neil Eves, Sherry L Grace, R Colin Reid, Cristina M Caperchione
PURPOSE: Due to the suboptimal uptake of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), alternative models have been proposed. This study compared the effectiveness of a traditional supervised program in a medical setting versus a hybrid CR model, where patients transition to unsupervised programming. METHODS: This was a prospective, 2-arm, nonrandomized study. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), functional capacity, physical activity, diet, smoking, blood pressure, lipids, blood glucose, anthropometrics, and depressive symptoms were assessed before and after the 8-week program models...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135687/environmental-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-postprandial-lipemia
#7
Laurence D Parnell, Jose M Ordovas, Chao-Qiang Lai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postprandial lipemia (PPL), the prolonged increase in plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins following food consumption, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Genetic variation, environment and the interplay between these direct an individual's postprandial lipid response. From such interplay, inducible and reversible epigenetic changes arise. Increasing evidence suggests epigenetic variation contributes to postprandial response in lipids and risk...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134297/community-based-efforts-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-women-living-in-vulnerable-communities
#8
Laurie Lachance, R Patrick Kelly, Margaret Wilkin, Jodi Burke, Sandra Waddell
Social determinants of health likely play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes for women in vulnerable communities. Adult African American women diagnosed with or at-risk for diabetes in Inkster, Michigan (n = 113) and a group of demographically similar women in Flint, Michigan (n = 48) participated in programs aimed at increasing diabetes-related self-management behaviors through peer coaching, health literacy training, and social support. Participants completed surveys to measure changes in health, health behaviors, health literacy, and social support...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133322/factors-contributing-to-medicine-related-problems-in-adult-patients-with-diabetes-and-or-cardiovascular-diseases-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#9
Abdullah Mahdi Al Hamid, Maisoon Ghaleb, Hisham Aljadhey, Zoe Aslanpour
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors contributing to medicine-related problems (MRPs) among patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and/or diabetes in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted. Interviews were audio recorded then transcribed into Microsoft Word. The transcribed interviews were then imported into the qualitative analysis software NVivo where thematic analysis was applied. Thematic synthesis was achieved by coding and developing subthemes/themes from the findings of the interviews...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133220/effects-of-exercise-and-diet-in-nonobese-asthma-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Louise Lindhardt Toennesen, Howraman Meteran, Morten Hostrup, Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Camilla Bjoern Jensen, Celeste Porsbjerg, Arne Astrup, Jens Bangsbo, Debbie Parker, Vibeke Backer
BACKGROUND: Behavioral interventions focusing on exercise and healthy diet improve asthma control in obese patients with asthma, but whether these interventions can lead to improvements in nonobese patients remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: In a randomized, controlled parallel-group design, we studied the effects of an 8-week intervention of either exercise (high-intensity interval training), diet (high protein/low glycemic index), or a combination of the 2, on asthma control and clinical outcomes in nonobese patients with asthma...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131356/gluten-sensitivities-and-the-allergist-threshing-the-grain-from-the-husks
#11
REVIEW
J G Burkhardt, A Chapa-Rodriguez, S L Bahna
"Gluten sensitivity" has become commonplace among the public. Wheat allergy (WA) and celiac disease (CD) are well-defined entities, but are becoming a fraction of individuals following a gluten-free diet. WA has a prevalence of <0.5%. Wheat, specifically its omega-5 gliadin fraction, is the most common allergen implicated in food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis. CD is a non-IgE hypersensitivity to certain cereal proteins: gluten in wheat, secalin in rye, hordein in barley, and to a lesser extent avenin in oat...
November 13, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130720/-relationship-between-quality-of-life-physical-activity-nutrition-glycemic-control-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Cristina Casals-Vázquez, Ernesto Suárez-Cadenas, Francisca María Estébanez Carvajal, María Pilar Aguilar Trujillo, María M Jiménez Arcos, María Ángeles Vázquez Sáchez
INTRODUCTION: The term sarcopenia is defined as age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, with a consequent impact on quality of life. However, there is a lack of studies examining the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients over 65 years with type 2 DM and the influence of physical activity, diet, glycemic control, sex, age, and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 279 patients (155 females), aged 76...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130068/diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-primary-care-patients-with-recent-intentional-weight-loss
#13
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Dana Tudorascu, Cindy L Bryce, Diane Comer, Gary S Fischer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly A Huber, Kathleen M McTigue, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Molly B Conroy
Purpose: Lifestyle habits of primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss are unclear and need to be better understood to aid in translational health promotion efforts. We aimed to characterize diet and exercise habits in primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss, comparing those with greater (≥10%) vs. lesser (5 to <10%) weight loss. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized trial comparing weight loss maintenance interventions...
2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#14
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129039/combined-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Emily Shepherd, Judith C Gomersall, Joanna Tieu, Shanshan Han, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences for women and their infants in the short and long term. With an increasing prevalence of GDM worldwide, there is an urgent need to assess strategies for GDM prevention, such as combined diet and exercise interventions. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet interventions in combination with exercise interventions for pregnant women for preventing GDM, and associated adverse health consequences for the mother and her infant/child...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128055/current-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#16
REVIEW
Chun Kit Hung, Henry C Bodenheimer
Treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is focused on patients with NASH because they are at highest risk for progressive liver disease. Current first-line treatment consists of lifestyle modifications. Patients should lose at least 7% to 10% of body weight via a combination of physical exercise and calorie restriction dieting. Surgical or endoscopic surgery for weight loss can be considered in obese patients, depending on degree of excess body weight and comorbidities...
February 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127590/body-mass-index-diet-and-exercise-testing-possible-linkages-to-breast-cancer-risk-via-dna-methylation
#17
Arielle S Gillman, Casey K Gardiner, Claire E Koljack, Angela D Bryan
PURPOSE: To examine DNA methylation as a mechanism linking diet, physical activity, weight status, and breast cancer risk. METHODS: Insufficiently active women of varying weight status, without a history of cancer, completed a maximal exercise test, clinical measurement of height and weight, and a dietary intake measure. They also provided blood samples, which were analyzed to ascertain average methylation of candidate genes related to breast cancer (BRCA1, RUNX3, GALNT9, and PAX6) and inflammation (TLR4 and TLR6)...
November 10, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125913/standardized-kaempferia-parviflora-extract-enhances-exercise-performance-through-activation-of-mitochondrial-biogenesis
#18
Mi-Bo Kim, Taeyoon Kim, Changhee Kim, Jae-Kwan Hwang
Exercise enhances mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle. Increased mitochondrial function and content can contribute to the improvement in skeletal muscle function and the benefits of exercise by increasing the response to energy demands. The effect of standardized Kaempferia parviflora extract (KPE) on exercise performance was accessed in L6 myotubes and C57BL/6J mice. KPE significantly activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and increased mitochondrial density in L6 myotubes...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125635/a-review-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-periodic-paralysis
#19
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Statland, Bertrand Fontaine, Michael G Hanna, Nicholas Johnson, John T Kissel, Valeria A Sansone, Perry B Shieh, Rabi N Tawil, Jaya Trivedi, Stephen C Cannon, Robert C Griggs
Periodic paralyses (PP) are rare neuromuscular disorders caused by mutations in skeletal muscle sodium, calcium, and potassium channel genes. PP include hypokalemic paralysis, hyperkalemic paralysis, and Andersen-Tawil Syndrome. Common features of PP include autosomal dominant inheritance, onset typically in the first or second decades, episodic attacks of flaccid weakness, which are often triggered by diet or rest after exercise. Diagnosis is based on the characteristic clinic presentation then confirmed by genetic testing...
November 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124370/popular-weight-loss-strategies-a-review-of-four-weight-loss-techniques
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan Obert, Michelle Pearlman, Lois Obert, Sarah Chapin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to review the epidemiology of obesity and the most recent literature on popular fad diets and exercise regimens that are used for weight loss. The weight loss plans that will be discussed in this article include juicing or detoxification diets, intermittent fasting, the paleo diet, and high intensity training. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite the growing popularity of fad diets and exercise plans for weight loss, there are limited studies that actually suggest these particular regimens are beneficial and lead to long-term weight loss...
November 9, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
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