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"small animal PET"

Lei Jiang, Dongli Song, Hao Chen, Ao Zhang, Huoqiang Wang, Zhen Cheng
Copper(II) ion (Cu2+ ) is the essential element for numerous pathophysiological processes in vivo. Copper transporter 1 (CTR1) is mainly responsible for maintaining Cu2+ accumulation in cells, which has been found to be over-expressed in inflammatory tissues. Therefore, we explored the potential application of64 CuCl₂ for PET imaging of inflammation through targeting CTR1. The animal models of H₂O₂ induced muscle inflammation and lipopolysaccaharide induced lung inflammation were successfully established, then imaged by small animal PET (PET/CT) post-injection of64 CuCl₂, and PET images were quantitatively analyzed...
February 24, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hanna Napieczynska, Armin Kolb, Prateek Katiyar, Matteo Tonietto, Minhaz Ud-Dean, Ramona Stumm, Kristina Herfert, Carsten Calaminus, Bernd Pichler
The goal of this study was to validate the use of a magnetic resonance-compatible blood sampler (BS) with the detector system based on lutetium oxyorthosilicate scintillator and avalanche photodiodes for small animal positron emission tomography (PET). Methods: Five rats underwent a 60 min18 F-FDG study. For each animal, the arterial input function (AIF) was derived from the BS recording, from manual blood sampling (MS) and from the PET image. These AIFs were used for kinetic modelling of the striatum using the two tissue irreversible compartment model...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Julie Bolcaen, Benedicte Descamps, Tom Boterberg, Christian Vanhove, Ingeborg Goethals
For decades, small animal radiation research was mostly performed using fairly crude experimental setups applying simple single-beam techniques without the ability to target a specific or well-delineated tumor volume. The delivery of radiation was achieved using fixed radiation sources or linear accelerators producing megavoltage (MV) X-rays. These devices are unable to achieve sub-millimeter precision required for small animals. Furthermore, the high doses delivered to healthy surrounding tissue hamper response assessment...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Severin Mairinger, Viktoria Zoufal, Thomas Wanek, Alexander Traxl, Thomas Filip, Michael Sauberer, Johann Stanek, Claudia Kuntner, Jens Pahnke, Markus Müller, Oliver Langer
Ko143 is a reference inhibitor of the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transporter breast cancer resistance protein (humans: ABCG2, rodents: Abcg2) for in vitro and in vivo use. Previous in vitro data indicate that Ko143 binds specifically to ABCG2/Abcg2, suggesting a potential utility of Ko143 as a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer to assess the density (abundance) of ABCG2 in different tissues. In this work we radiolabeled Ko143 with carbon-11 (11C) and performed small-animal PET experiments with [11C]Ko143 in wild-type, Abcg2(-/-), Abcb1a/b(-/-) and Abcb1a/b(-/-)Abcg2(-/-) mice to assess the influence of Abcg2 and Abcb1a/b on tissue distribution and excretion of [11C]Ko143...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jacobo Cal-Gonzalez, Juan José Vaquero, Joaquín L Herraiz, Mailyn Pérez-Liva, María Luisa Soto-Montenegro, Santiago Peña-Zalbidea, Manuel Desco, José Manuel Udías
PURPOSE: Image quality of positron emission tomography (PET) tracers that emits high-energy positrons, such as Ga-68, Rb-82, or I-124, is significantly affected by positron range (PR) effects. PR effects are especially important in small animal PET studies, since they can limit spatial resolution and quantitative accuracy of the images. Since generators accessibility has made Ga-68 tracers wide available, the aim of this study is to show how the quantitative results of [68Ga]DOTA-labeled PET/X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging of neuroendocrine tumors in mice can be improved using positron range correction (PRC)...
January 19, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Ralf S Eschbach, Philipp M Kazmierczak, Maurice M Heimer, Andrei Todica, Heidrun Hirner-Eppeneder, Moritz J Schneider, Georg Keinrath, Olga Solyanik, Jessica Olivier, Wolfgang G Kunz, Maximilian F Reiser, Peter Bartenstein, Jens Ricke, Clemens C Cyran
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to investigate a novel BRAF and CDK 4/6 inhibitor combination therapy in a murine model of BRAF-V600-mutant human melanoma monitored by 18F-FDG-PET/CT and diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI). METHODS: Human BRAF-V600-mutant melanoma (A375) xenograft-bearing balb/c nude mice (n = 21) were imaged by 18F-FDG-PET/CT and DW-MRI before (day 0) and after (day 7) a 1-week BRAF and CDK 4/6 inhibitor combination therapy (n = 12; dabrafenib, 20 mg/kg/d; ribociclib, 100 mg/kg/d) or placebo (n = 9)...
January 18, 2018: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
Hiroyuki Kimura, Yu Ogawa, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Eri Mukai, Hidekazu Kawashima, Kenji Arimitsu, Kentaro Toyoda, Naotaka Fujita, Yusuke Yagi, Keita Hamamatsu, Takaaki Murakami, Atsushi Murakami, Masahiro Ono, Yuji Nakamoto, Kaori Togashi, Nobuya Inagaki, Hideo Saji
β-cell mass (BCM) is known to be decreased in subjects with type-2 diabetes (T2D). Quantitative analysis for BCM would be useful for understanding how T2D progresses and how BCM affects treatment efficacy and for earlier diagnosis of T2D and development of new therapeutic strategies. However, a noninvasive method to measure BCM has not yet been developed. We developed four 18F-labeled exendin(9-39) derivatives for β-cell imaging by PET: [18F]FB9-Ex(9-39), [18F]FB12-Ex(9-39), [18F]FB27-Ex(9-39), and [18F]FB40-Ex(9-39)...
December 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Rudolf Werner, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Xinyu Chen, Mitsuru Hirano, Tetsuya Shinaji, Constantin Lapa, Steven P Rowe, Mehrbod S Javadi, Takahiro Higuchi
Background: Precise regional quantitative assessment of renal function is limited with conventional 99mTc-labeled renal radiotracers. A recent study reported that the positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer 2-deoxy-2-18F-fluorosorbitol (18F-FDS) has ideal pharmacokinetics for functional renal imaging. Furthermore, 18F-FDS is available via simple reduction from routinely used 2-deoxy-2-18F-fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG). We aimed to further investigate the potential of 18F-FDS PET as a functional renal imaging agent using rat models of kidney diseases...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Zhonghua Kuang, Ziru Sang, Xiaohui Wang, Xin Fu, Ning Ren, Xianming Zhang, Yunfei Zheng, Qian Yang, Zhanli Hu, Junwei Du, Dong Liang, Xin Liu, Hairong Zheng, Yongfeng Yang
PURPOSE: The performance of current small animal PET scanners is mainly limited by the detector performance and depth encoding detectors are required to develop PET scanner to simultaneously achieve high spatial resolution and high sensitivity. Among all depth encoding PET detector approaches, dual-ended readout detector has the advantage to achieve the highest depth of interaction (DOI) resolution and spatial resolution. Silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) is believed to be the photodetector of the future for PET detector due to its excellent properties as compared to the traditional photodetectors such as photomultiplier tube (PMT) and avalanche photodiode (APD)...
February 2018: Medical Physics
Onseok Lee, Jaeyoung Kim, Chilhwan Oh
The purpose of this study was to establish a small-animal model for molecular imaging and to acquire basic data on assessing the efficacy of candidate melanoma drugs using small-animal PET imaging analysis with [18 F]FHBG for herpes simplex virus 1-thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) gene expression in a melanoma mouse model. The B16 melanoma cell line was transduced with a recombinant lentiviral vector containing the HSV1-tk gene and inoculated into the back skin of C57BL/6J mice. [18 F]FHBG PET imaging showed better contrast for HSV1-tk(+) melanomas compared to brain, heart, gall bladder, intestine and kidney than did [18 F]FDG PET imaging...
February 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Constantin Lapa, Paula Arias-Loza, Nobuyuki Hayakawa, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Rudolf A Werner, Xinyu Chen, Tetsuya Shinaji, Ken Herrmann, Theo Pelzer, Takahiro Higuchi
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is an attractive therapeutic target to combat diabetes and obesity due to its ability to increase glucose expenditure. In a genetic rat model (ZDF fa/fa) of type-2 diabetes and obesity, we aimed to investigate glucose utilization of BAT by18 F-FDG PET imaging. Male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) and Male Zucker lean (ZL) control rats were studied at 13 weeks. Three weeks prior to imaging, ZDF rats were randomized into a no-restriction (ZDF-ND) and a mild calorie restriction (ZDF-CR) group...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
Akram Mohammadi, Eiji Yoshida, Fumihiko Nishikido, Munetaka Nitta, Keiji Shimizu, Toshiaki Sakai, Taiga Yamaya
Depth of interaction (DOI) information is indispensable to improving the sensitivity and spatial resolution of positron emission tomography (PET) systems, especially for small field-of-view PET such as small animal PET and human brain PET. We have already developed a series of X'tal cube detectors for isotropic spatial resolution and we obtained the best isotropic resolution of 0.77 mm for detectors with six-sided readout. However, it is still challenging to apply the detector for PET systems due to the high cost of six-sided readout electronics and carrying out segmentation of a monolithic cubic scintillator in three dimensions using the subsurface laser engraving (SSLE) technique...
January 11, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Nematallah Mansour, Michel Paquette, Samia Ait-Mohand, Véronique Dumulon-Perreault, Brigitte Guérin
INTRODUCTION: Gastrin releasing peptide receptors (GRPRs) are significantly over-expressed on a large proportion of prostate cancers making them prime candidates for receptor-mediated nuclear imaging by PET. Recently, we synthesized a novel bifunctional chelator (BFC) bearing hydroxamic acid arms (DOTHA2). Here we investigated the potential of a novel DOTHA2-conjugated, (64)Cu-radiolabeled GRPR peptide antagonist, [D-Phe(6)-Sta(13)-Leu(14)-NH2]bombesin(6-14) (DOTHA2-PEG-RM26) to visualize prostate tumors by PET imaging...
October 23, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Xiangxiang Wu, Peizhi Wang, Ruixin Liu, Huahui Zeng, Fangfang Chao, Hao Liu, Caiyun Xu, Haifeng Hou, Qiong Yao
[(11)C]-S-methyl-16-thiopalmitic acid (a) was developed with excellent heart-to-background uptake ratios and higher retention in heart. Myocardial uptake and metabolism of the tracer is markedly higher CPT I dependent. When compared to [(11)C]-S-methyl-14-thiomyristic acid (b), [(11)C]-S-methyl-12-thiododecanoic acid (c) and [(11)C]-palmitate, a showed an early high uptake and a significantly slower late clearance in heart and a prolonged myocardial elimination half-life (30 min). Analysis of heart tissue and urine samples showed that a was metabolized via beta-oxidation in myocardium...
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Charles Truillet, Hsueh Ling J Oh, Siok Ping Yeo, Chia-Yin Lee, Loc T Huynh, Junnian Wei, Matthew F L Parker, Collin Blakely, Natalia Sevillano, Yung-Hua Wang, Yuqin S Shen, Victor Olivas, Khaled M Jami, Anna Moroz, Benoit Jego, Emilie Jaumain, Lawrence Fong, Charles S Craik, Albert J Chang, Trever G Bivona, Cheng-I Wang, Michael J Evans
High sensitivity imaging tools could provide a more holistic view of target antigen expression to improve the identification of patients who might benefit from cancer immunotherapy. We developed for immunoPET a novel recombinant human IgG1 (termed C4) that potently binds an extracellular epitope on human and mouse PD-L1 and radiolabeled the antibody with zirconium-89. Small animal PET/CT studies showed that89 Zr-C4 detected antigen levels on a patient derived xenograft (PDX) established from a non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient before an 8-month response to anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA4 therapy...
January 17, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Tomoteru Yamasaki, Masayuki Fujinaga, Wakana Mori, Yiding Zhang, Hidekatsu Wakizaka, Nobuki Nengaki, Lin Xie, Akiko Hatori, Ming-Rong Zhang
Metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 1 (mGluR1) is a crucial pharmacological target for several central nervous system disorders. In this study, we aimed to monitor in vivo regional changes of mGluR1 related to neuroinflammation in the brains of rats after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (PISE) using longitudinal positron emission tomography (PET). PISE was induced in rats by administering lithium chloride, followed by repeated pilocarpine hydrochloride treatments. PET assessments were conducted using N-[4-[6-(isopropylamino)-pyrimidin-4-yl]-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]-N-methyl-4-[(11)C]methylbenzamide ([(11)C]ITDM), a selective radioligand for mGluR1, and N-benzyl-N-[(11)C]methyl-2-(7-methyl-8-oxo-2-phenyl-7,8-dihydro-9H-purin-9-yl)acetamide ([(11)C]DAC), a selective translocator protein PET ligand for neuroinflammation monitoring...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xiaodong Xu, Lujie Yuan, Lianglan Yin, Yaqun Jiang, Yongkang Gai, Qingyao Liu, Yichun Wang, Yongxue Zhang, Xiaoli Lan
Although (18)F-5-fluoro-N-(2-[diethylamino]ethyl)picolinamide ((18)F-5-FPN) is considered a promising radiopharmaceutical for PET imaging of melanoma, it accumulates at high concentrations in the liver. The aim in this research was to optimize the structure of (18)F-5-FPN with triethylene glycol to reduce liver uptake as well as improve pharmacokinetics, and to evaluate its performance in detection of melanoma liver and lung metastases. (18)F-PEG3-FPN was successfully prepared with a high radiolabeling yield (44...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Sanhita Sinharay, Dianne Lee, Swati Shah, Siva Muthusamy, Georgios Z Papadakis, Xiang Zhang, Dragan Maric, William C Reid, Dima A Hammoud
INTRODUCTION: In vivo imaging biomarkers of various HIV neuropathologies, including dopaminergic dysfunction, are still lacking. Towards developing dopaminergic biomarkers of brain involvement in HIV, we assessed the pre and postsynaptic components of the dopaminergic system in the HIV-1 transgenic rat (Tg), a well-characterized model of treated HIV+ patients, using small-animal PET imaging. METHODS: Fifteen to 18 month-old Tg and wild type (WT) rats were imaged with both [18F]-FP-CMT, a dopamine transporter (DAT) ligand (n=16), and [18F]-Fallypride, a D2/D3 dopamine receptor (D2/D3DR) ligand (n=16)...
December 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Anna-Karin Haylock, Johan Nilvebrant, Anja Mortensen, Irina Velikyan, Marika Nestor, Ronny Falk
AIM: The aim of this study was to generate and characterize scFv antibodies directed to human CD44v6, as well as to radiolabel and evaluate top candidates in vitro and in vivo for their potential use in CD44v6-targeted molecular imaging in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phage display selections were used to isolate CD44v6-specific scFvs. A chain shuffling strategy was employed for affinity maturation based on a set of CD44v6-specific first-generation clones...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
Negar Omidvari, Jorge Cabello, Geoffrey Topping, Florian Roland Schneider, Stephan Paul, Markus Schwaiger, Sibylle I Ziegler
MADPET4 is the first small animal PET insert with two layers of individually read out crystals in combination with silicon photomultiplier technology. It has a novel detector arrangement, in which all crystals face the center of field of view transaxially. In this work, the PET performance of MADPET4 was evaluated and compared to other preclinical PET scanners using the NEMA NU 4 measurements, followed by imaging a mouse-size hot-rod resolution phantom and two in vivo simultaneous PET/MRI scans in a 7-T MRI scanner...
October 4, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
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