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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105520/type-1-diabetic-patients-with-peripheral-neuropathy-have-pan-enteric-prolongation-of-gastrointestinal-transit-times-and-an-altered-caecal-ph-profile
#1
Adam D Farmer, Anne Grave Pedersen, Birgitte Brock, Poul Erik Jakobsen, Jesper Karmisholt, Sahar D Mohammed, S Mark Scott, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Christina Brock
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesised that type 1 diabetic patients with established diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN) would have segmental and/or pan-enteric dysmotility in comparison to healthy age-matched controls. We aimed to investigate the co-relationships between gastrointestinal function, degree of DSPN and clinical symptoms. METHODS: An observational comparison was made between 48 patients with DSPN (39 men, mean age 50 years, range 29-71 years), representing the baseline data of an ongoing clinical trial (representing a secondary analysis of baseline data collected from an ongoing double-blind randomised controlled trial investigating the neuroprotective effects of liraglutide) and 41 healthy participants (16 men, mean age 49 years, range 30-78) who underwent a standardised wireless motility capsule test to assess gastrointestinal transit...
January 20, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091541/apelin-receptor-homodimer-oligomers-revealed-by-single-molecule-imaging-and-novel-g-protein-dependent-signaling
#2
Xin Cai, Bo Bai, Rumin Zhang, Chunmei Wang, Jing Chen
The apelin receptor (APJ) belongs to family A of the G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and is a potential pharmacotherapeutic target for heart failure, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases. There is evidence APJ heterodimerizes with other GPCRs; however, the existence of APJ homodimers and oligomers remains to be investigated. Here, we measured APJ monomer-homodimer-oligomer interconversion by monitoring APJ dynamically on cells and compared their proportions, spatial arrangement, and mobility using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, resonance energy transfer, and proximity biotinylation...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076546/pharmacist-s-contribution-to-the-promotion-of-access-and-rational-use-of-essential-medicines-in-sus
#3
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Lia Lusitana Cardozo de Castro
Objective: to describe the pharmaceutical inclusion process in a Basic Health Unit multidisciplinary team and evaluate results related to rational use and promotion of access to essential medicines. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in a primary care health unit in the city of São Paulo. Pharmacist's activities were evaluated regarding the service structure and organization and prescribing quality improvement, guidance method creation, and implementation of clinical pharmacy service...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066914/cortical-hemorrhage-associated-neurological-deficits-and-tissue-damage-in-mice-are-ameliorated-by-therapeutic-treatment-with-nicotine
#4
Junpei Anan, Masanori Hijioka, Yuki Kurauchi, Akinori Hisatsune, Takahiro Seki, Hiroshi Katsuki
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with diverse sets of neurological symptoms and prognosis, depending on the site of bleeding. Relative rate of hemorrhage occurring in the cerebral cortex (lobar hemorrhage) has been increasing, but there is no report on effective pharmacotherapeutic approaches for cortical hemorrhage either in preclinical or clinical studies. The present study aimed to establish an experimental model of cortical hemorrhage in mice for evaluation of effects of therapeutic drug candidates...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042884/pharmacokinetics-of-the-antimicrobial-drug-sulfanilamide-is-altered-in-a-preclinical-model-of-vascular-calcification
#5
Anabel Brandoni, Adriana Mónica Torres
In vascular smooth muscle, calcium overload is linked to advancing age. The pharmacokinetics of sulfanilamide (SA), a compound with antibacterial properties, was evaluated in a preclinical model of vascular calcification. SA was used since it is useful to study possible modifications in the renal and hepatic management of drugs. Vascular calcification was induced by administration of a single high dose of vitamin D3 to rats (treated group) 10 days before the experiments. A parallel control group was processed...
January 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035985/impact-of-bee-venom-enzymes-on-diseases-and-immune-responses
#6
REVIEW
Md Sakib Hossen, Ummay Mahfuza Shapla, Siew Hua Gan, Md Ibrahim Khalil
Bee venom (BV) is used to treat many diseases and exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antimutagenic, radioprotective, anti-nociceptive immunity promoting, hepatocyte protective and anti-cancer activity. According to the literature, BV contains several enzymes, including phospholipase A2 (PLA2), phospholipase B, hyaluronidase, acid phosphatase and α-glucosidase. Recent studies have also reported the detection of different classes of enzymes in BV, including esterases, proteases and peptidases, protease inhibitors and other important enzymes involved in carbohydrate metabolism...
December 27, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035437/does-substitution-of-brand-name-medications-by-generics-differ-between-pharmacotherapeutic-classes-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-france
#7
Alicia Molinier, Aurore Palmaro, Vanessa Rousseau, Agnès Sommet, Robert Bourrel, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Haleh Bagheri
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the rate of substitution failure to generic antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) compared to two other pharmacotherapeutic classes (neuroleptics, beta-blockers). METHODS: We conducted a cohort study involving beneficiaries of the French health insurance system from January 2009 to November 2012. Substitution failure to generic drugs was estimated by the rate of switchback (i.e. from generic drug back to its branded drug). We selected the patients who had a dispensation of a branded AED for 60 days or more during the 90 days preceding the generic substitution...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032429/under-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-causes-and-outcomes-of-clinical-inertia
#8
REVIEW
Clifford J Bailey
AIMS: To assess the impact of clinical inertia on type 2 diabetes (T2D) care. METHODS: PubMed database search from January 2000 until December 2015. RESULTS: Clinical inertia, defined as resistance to initiate or intensify treatment in a patient not at the evidence-based glycated haemoglobin goal, is conservatively estimated to occur in at least 25% of patients with T2D. Consequently, many patients with diagnosed and treated T2D experience extended periods, in some cases years, of ineffectively controlled hyperglycaemia, potentially causing serious microvascular and macrovascular harm...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024089/is-polypharmacy-associated-with-frailty-in-older-people-results-from-the-esther-cohort-study
#9
Kai-Uwe Saum, Ben Schöttker, Andreas D Meid, Bernd Holleczek, Walter E Haefeli, Klaus Hauer, Hermann Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between polypharmacy and frailty. DESIGN: Longitudinal, observational cohort study. SETTING: Saarland, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 3,058 community-dwelling adults aged between 57 and 84 years. MEASUREMENTS: Frailty was assessed according to the frailty phenotype, described by Fried et al. Polypharmacy and hyperpolypharmacy were defined as the concomitant use of five or more and 10 or more drugs, respectively...
December 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008256/blonanserin-treatment-in-patients-with-methamphetamine-induced-psychosis-comorbid-with-intellectual-disabilities
#10
Kosuke Okazaki, Manabu Makinodan, Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Tomoyo Takata, Toshifumi Kishimoto
OBJECTIVE: Methamphetamine (MA) use has recently been associated with high levels of psychiatric hospitalization and serious social dysfunction. MA use causes frequent psychotic symptoms, which can be treated with antipsychotics. However, people with intellectual disabilities (ID) are vulnerable to adverse effects resulting from treatment with antipsychotic medications. METHOD: We report two cases of MA-induced psychosis (MAP) in patients with ID who were treated with the antipsychotic blonanserin...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005032/-tick-borne-neuroinfections-clinical-characteristics-immunopathogenesis-and-new-pharmacotherapeutic-strategies
#11
A B Kon'kova-Reidman
AIM: To study the semiotics of neurological lesions in patients with tick-borne encephalitis, Ixodes tick-borne borreliosis (ITBB) and mixed infection (MI), their immunopathogenesis, and the possibilities of current pathogenetic pharmacological correction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 220 patients with tick-borne encephalitis, ITBB, and MI concurrent with the syndromes of central nervous system lesions were examined. The immunological studies encompassed the examination of mononuclear cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the population and subpopulation composition of lymphocytes, and nitroxidergic processes in the serum and CSF from the total level of final stable nitric oxide metabolites...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997457/outcomes-from-the-first-6-years-of-operation-of-the-central-portugal-pharmacovigilance-unit
#12
Francisco Batel-Marques, Ana Penedones, Diogo Mendes, Carlos Alves
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze and characterize the outcomes of the Central Portugal Regional Pharmacovigilance Unit over a 6-year period. METHODS: Spontaneous reports received between January 2009 and December 2014 were considered. The annual reporting ratios were estimated. The cases were characterized according to their seriousness, previous description, causality assessment, reporting professional, pharmacotherapeutic groups of the suspected drugs, and type of adverse drug reactions most frequently reported...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994481/pharmacotherapeutic-considerations-for-chronic-pain-in-chronic-kidney-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#13
EDITORIAL
Roy O Mathew, Jeffrey J Bettinger, Erica L Wegrzyn, Jeffrey Fudin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989140/enolate-forming-compounds-as-a-novel-approach-to-cytoprotection
#14
Richard M LoPachin, Brian C Geohagen, Lars Ulrik Nordstrøm, Terrence Gavin
Evidence from laboratory studies and clinical trials suggests that plant-derived polyphenolic compounds such as curcumin, resveratrol, or phloretin might be useful in the treatment of certain diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's disease) and acute tissue injury states (e.g., spinal cord trauma). However, despite this potential, the corresponding chemical instability, toxic potential, and low bioavailability of these compounds could limit their ultimate clinical relevance. We have shown that pharmacophores of curcumin (e...
December 19, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977310/therapeutic-approaches-to-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-overlap
#15
Edmund M T Lau, Nicole A Roche, Helen K Reddel
Patients with features of both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ('asthma-COPD overlap') experience greater symptom burden and higher risk of adverse health outcomes than those with asthma or COPD alone. However, virtually no pharmacotherapy studies have been performed in this overlap population, leading to confusion amongst clinicians regarding therapeutic approaches. Areas covered: A pragmatic approach is suggested to identify patients with typical asthma, typical COPD, and those with overlap features...
December 26, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933960/novel-and-high-affinity-2-diphenylmethyl-sulfinyl-acetamide-modafinil-analogues-as-atypical-dopamine-transporter-inhibitors
#16
Jianjing Cao, Rachel D Slack, Oluyomi M Bakare, Caitlin Burzynski, Rana Rais, Barbara S Slusher, Theresa Kopajtic, Alessandro Bonifazi, Michael P Ellenberger, Hideaki Yano, Yi He, Guo-Hua Bi, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Claus J Loland, Amy Hauck Newman
The development of pharmacotherapeutic treatments of psychostimulant abuse has remained a challenge, despite significant efforts made toward relevant mechanistic targets, such as the dopamine transporter (DAT). The atypical DAT inhibitors have received attention due to their promising pharmacological profiles in animal models of cocaine and methamphetamine abuse. Herein, we report a series of modafinil analogues that have an atypical DAT inhibitor profile. We extended SAR by chemically manipulating the oxidation states of the sulfoxide and the amide functional groups, halogenating the phenyl rings, and/or functionalizing the terminal nitrogen with substituted piperazines, resulting in several novel leads such as 11b, which demonstrated high DAT affinity (Ki = 2...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931082/pharmacotherapeutic-considerations-for-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#17
Erik J Hefti, Javier G Blanco
Down syndrome (DS, trisomy 21) is the most common survivable disorder due to aneuploidy. Individuals with DS may experience multiple comorbid health problems including congenital heart defects, endocrine abnormalities, skin and dental problems, seizure disorders, leukemia, dementia, and obesity. These associated conditions may necessitate pharmacotherapeutic management with various drugs. The complex pathobiology of DS may alter drug disposition and drug response in some individuals. For example, reports have documented increased rates of adverse drug reactions in patients with DS treated for leukemia and dementia...
December 8, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920544/pharmaceutical-interventions-in-the-management-of-tuberculosis-in-a-pneumophtisiology-department-ivory-coast
#19
Danho Pascal Abrogoua, Boua Alexis Thierry Kamenan, Brou Jean Marcel Ahui, Elisée Doffou
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the profile and relevance of pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) in the management of tuberculosis (TB) at inpatient settings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted from March to December 2014 within the inpatient unit of pneumophtisiology department, Ivory Coast. Information collected was based on the classification of drug-related problems (DRPs) and PIs outlined by the French Society of Clinical Pharmacy...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919403/trace-amine-associated-receptor-1-agonists-as-narcolepsy-therapeutics
#20
Sarah W Black, Michael D Schwartz, Tsui-Ming Chen, Marius C Hoener, Thomas S Kilduff
BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy, a disorder of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy, a loss of muscle tone triggered by emotional stimulation. Current narcolepsy pharmacotherapeutics include controlled substances with abuse potential or drugs with undesirable side effects. As partial agonists at trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) promote wakefulness in mice and rats, we evaluated whether TAAR1 agonism had beneficial effects in two mouse models of narcolepsy...
October 18, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
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