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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916669/prevalence-and-morbidity-of-undiagnosed-celiac-disease-from-a-community-based-study
#1
Rok Seon Choung, Scott A Larson, Shahryar Khaleghi, Alberto Rubio-Tapia, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Katherine S King, Joseph J Larson, Brian D Lahr, Gregory A Poland, Michael J Camilleri, Joseph A Murray
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence and burden of undiagnosed celiac disease in individuals younger than 50 years old. We determined the prevalence and morbidity of undiagnosed celiac disease in individuals younger than 50 years in a community. METHODS: We tested sera from 31,255 residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota (younger than 50 years old) without a prior diagnosis of celiac disease assay using an assay for immunoglobulin A (IgA) against tissue transglutaminase (tTG); in subjects with positive test results, celiac disease was confirmed using an assay for endomysial IgA...
December 1, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914926/metschnikowia-cf-typographi-and-other-pathogens-from-the-bark-beetle-ips-sexdentatus-prevalence-histological-and-ultrastructural-evidence-and-molecular-characterization
#2
Regina G Kleespies, Young Woon Lim, Cezary Tkaczuk, Marta Wrzosek, Bernhardt M Steinwender, Rudolf Wegensteiner
Ips sexdentatus (Six-spined engraver beetle) from Austria and Poland were dissected and examined for the presence of pathogens. Specimens collected in Austria were found to contain the ascomycetous fungus Metschnikowia cf. typographi. Infection rates ranged from 3.6% to 26.8% at different collection sites. M. cf. typographi infected midguts were investigated by histological, ultrastructural and molecular techniques. Extraordinary ultrastructural details are shown, such as ascospores with bilateral flattened flanks resembling alar rims at both sides of their attenuating tube-like ends...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907097/levels-of-selected-persistent-organic-pollutants-pcb-pbde-and-pesticides-in-honey-bee-pollen-sampled-in-poland
#3
Marek Łukasz Roszko, Marta Kamińska, Krystyna Szymczyk, Renata Jędrzejczak
Chemical plant protection is a commonly discussed factor potentially responsible for decline in pollinators and other beneficial insect populations. Various groups of chemicals including persistent organic pollutants could impact a bee colony's welfare and are reported to be present in bee tissue and apiary products. The aim of this work was to evaluate the presence of selected persistent organic pollutant and pesticide residues in bee pollen originating from different geographical regions of Poland. Pesticide residues were identified in 60% of tested bee pollen samples...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898818/a-consensus-map-in-cultivated-hexaploid-oat-reveals-conserved-grass-synteny-with-substantial-subgenome-rearrangement
#4
Ashley S Chaffin, Yung-Fen Huang, Scott Smith, Wubishet A Bekele, Ebrahiem Babiker, Belaghihalli N Gnanesh, Bradley J Foresman, Steven G Blanchard, Jeremy J Jay, Robert W Reid, Charlene P Wight, Shiaoman Chao, Rebekah Oliver, Emir Islamovic, Frederic L Kolb, Curt McCartney, Jennifer W Mitchell Fetch, Aaron D Beattie, Åsmund Bjørnstad, J Michael Bonman, Tim Langdon, Catherine J Howarth, Cory R Brouwer, Eric N Jellen, Kathy Esvelt Klos, Jesse A Poland, Tzung-Fu Hsieh, Ryan Brown, Eric Jackson, Jessica A Schlueter, Nicholas A Tinker
Hexaploid oat ( L., 2 = 6 = 42) is a member of the Poaceae family and has a large genome (∼12.5 Gb) containing 21 chromosome pairs from three ancestral genomes. Physical rearrangements among parental genomes have hindered the development of linkage maps in this species. The objective of this work was to develop a single high-density consensus linkage map that is representative of the majority of commonly grown oat varieties. Data from a cDNA-derived single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) were collected from the progeny of 12 biparental recombinant inbred line populations derived from 19 parents representing oat germplasm cultivated primarily in North America...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878803/tissue-doppler-echocardiography-detects-subclinical-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-colon-cancer-insights-from-oncoecho-multicenter-study
#5
Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Monika Różewicz, Jarosław Kasprzak, Andrzej Wojtarowicz, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Tomasz Hryniewiecki, Piotr Pysz, Andrzej Kułach, Artur Bodys, Violetta Sulżyc, Wojciech Braksator, Andrzej Szyszka, Beata Zaborska, Adrianna Gościńska-Szmagała, Maciej Siński, Dariusz Kosior, Ilona Kowalik, Zbigniew Gąsior
I BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cancer in women and the third in men in Poland. The role of chemotherapy (CTX) depends on stage of CRC: adjuvant CTX is a standard treatment in stage III and should also be considered in stage II with risk factors. AIM: The aim of the paper was to assess the cardiovascular consequences of CTX in CRC enrolled to the ONCOECHO multicenter study (2012 - 2014). To identify potential cardiotoxicity we focused on myocardial function, heart rhythm and conduction disorders and adverse cardiovascular events...
November 23, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863134/identification-and-physicochemical-characterization-of-4-fluorobutyrfentanyl-1-4-fluorophenyl-1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl-amino-butan-1-one-4-fbf-in-seized-materials-and-the-postmortem-biological-samples
#6
Marcin Rojkiewicz, Milena Majchrzak, Rafał Celiński, Piotr Kuś, Mieczysław Sajewicz
In the course of the last decade, a substantial growth of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has been recorded. Within this group, a considerably fast growing sub-group is represented by the opioids, which are based on modifications of the fentanyl structure. In this study, identification and analytical characterization of a new fentanyl derivative, 4-fluorobutyrfentanyl (1-((4-fluorophenyl)(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)amino)butan-1-one, 4-FBF), is described. Apart from the seized powder, 4-FBF was also identified in the e-cigarette liquid secured in Case 1...
November 9, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853459/immunosenescence-related-transcriptomic-and-immunologic-changes-in-older-individuals-following-influenza-vaccination
#7
Richard B Kennedy, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Iana H Haralambieva, Ann L Oberg, Michael T Zimmermann, Diane E Grill, Gregory A Poland
The goal of annual influenza vaccination is to reduce mortality and morbidity associated with this disease through the generation of protective immune responses. The objective of the current study was to examine markers of immunosenescence and identify immunosenescence-related differences in gene expression, gene regulation, cytokine secretion, and immunologic changes in an older study population receiving seasonal influenza A/H1N1 vaccination. Surprisingly, prior studies in this cohort revealed weak correlations between immunosenescence markers and humoral immune response to vaccination...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829474/untrained-consumer-assessment-of-the-eating-quality-of-beef-1-a-single-composite-score-can-predict-beef-quality-grades
#8
S P F Bonny, J-F Hocquette, D W Pethick, I Legrand, J Wierzbicki, P Allen, L J Farmer, R J Polkinghorne, G E Gardner
Quantifying consumer responses to beef across a broad range of demographics, nationalities and cooking methods is vitally important for any system evaluating beef eating quality. On the basis of previous work, it was expected that consumer scores would be highly accurate in determining quality grades for beef, thereby providing evidence that such a technique could be used to form the basis of and eating quality grading system for beef. Following the Australian MSA (Meat Standards Australia) testing protocols, over 19 000 consumers from Northern Ireland, Poland, Ireland, France and Australia tasted cooked beef samples, then allocated them to a quality grade; unsatisfactory, good-every-day, better-than-every-day and premium...
November 10, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802685/on-the-development-of-a-magnetoresistive-sensor-for-blade-tip-timing-and-blade-tip-clearance-measurement-systems
#9
R Tomassini, G Rossi, J-F Brouckaert
A simultaneous blade tip timing (BTT) and blade tip clearance (BTC) measurement system enables the determination of turbomachinery blade vibrations and ensures the monitoring of the existing running gaps between the blade tip and the casing. This contactless instrumentation presents several advantages compared to the well-known telemetry system with strain gauges, at the cost of a more complex data processing procedure. The probes used can be optical, capacitive, eddy current as well as microwaves, everyone with its dedicated electronics and many existing different signal processing algorithms...
October 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790143/a-personal-retrospective-elevating-anandamide-aea-by-targeting-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-faah-and-the-fatty-acid-binding-proteins-fabps
#10
Dale G Deutsch
This perspective was adapted from a Career Achievement Award talk given at the International Cannabinoid Research Society Symposium in Bukovina, Poland on June 27, 2016. As a biochemist working in the neurosciences, I was always fascinated with neurotransmitter inactivation. In 1993 we identified an enzyme activity that breaks down anandamide. We called the enzyme anandamide amidase, now called FAAH. We and other laboratories developed FAAH inhibitors that were useful reagents that also proved to have beneficial physiological effects and until recently, new generations of inhibitors were in clinical trials...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789088/sewage-sludge-ash-ssa-from-large-and-small-incineration-plants-as-a-potential-source-of-phosphorus-polish-case-study
#11
REVIEW
Marzena Smol, Joanna Kulczycka, Zygmunt Kowalski
The aim of this research is to present the possibility of using the sewage sludge ash (SSA) generated in incineration plants as a secondary source of phosphorus (P). The importance of issues related to P recovery from waste materials results from European Union (UE) legislation, which indicated phosphorus as a critical raw material (CRM). Due to the risks of a shortage of supply and its impact on the economy, which is greater than other raw materials, the proper management of phosphorus resources is required in order to achieve global P security...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742330/donate-a-piece-of-liver-is-this-an-option-accepted-by-future-nurses-of-pomeranian-medical-university-in-poland
#12
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, B Gorzkowicz, D Kilanska, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation from living donors (LLD) has become a viable and important source of liver grafts. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitude of nursing students at the Pomeranian Medical University in Poland on donation of live liver, and to determine the factors that affect it. METHODS: Academic year 2011-2012, nursing students at a university in Poland, sampling points in 5 compulsory-attendance nursing courses with a completion rate of 80%, validated questionnaire (PCID-DVH Rios) filled out anonymously and self-administered...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742329/organ-donation-what-are-the-opinions-of-nursing-students-at-the-university-of-bialystok-in-poland
#13
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, K Klimaszewska, E Krajewska-Kulak, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Nursing students, as future professionals, have an enormous impact on the opinion of the rest of the population on topics of organ donation and transplantation (ODT). The objective of this study was to analyze the attitudes of nursing students at the University of Bialystok toward ODT, and to determine the factors that affect ithemt. METHODS: Academic year 2011-2012. STUDY POPULATION: nursing students at the University of Bialystok...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742328/knowledge-of-the-concept-of-encephalic-death-is-this-an-obstacle-in-the-acceptance-of-donation-and-transplantation-of-organs-among-students-of-nursing-at-the-medical-university-of-warsaw-in-poland
#14
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, J Gotlib, D Kilanska, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: The knowledge and acceptance of the concept of brain death among future health professionals is essential. The objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge of the concept of brain death among nursing students at the Medical University of Warsaw and determine the factors that affect it. METHODS: Academic year 2011-2012, nursing students of the University of Poland. Sampling points in 5 compulsory-attendance nursing courses with a completion rate >80%...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742327/looking-for-new-alternatives-what-nursing-students-of-lodz-s-medical-university-in-poland-think-about-the-use-of-organs-coming-from-animals
#15
M Mikla, A Rios, A Lopez-Navas, D Kilanska, B Gorzkowicz, L Martinez-Alarcón, G Ramis, P Ramirez, M J Lopez Montesinos
BACKGROUND: The shortage of organs has made it necessary to look for new alternatives as xenotransplantation. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitudes of Polish nursing students toward organ donation of nonhuman origin, and to determine the factors that affect them. METHODS: Year 2011-2012. Nursing students of the University of Poland. Sampling points in 5 compulsory-attendance nursing courses with a completion rate of fulfillment of 80%. Validated questionnaire (PCID-XenoTx Rios) filled out anonymously and self-administered...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731802/tlc-profiling-nutritional-and-pharmacological-properties-of-siberian-ginseng-eleutherococcus-senticosus-cultivated-in-poland
#16
Daniel Załuski, Helena D Smolarz
The chemical composition and pharmacological activity of E. senticosus cultivated in Poland were investigated. Studies included the assay of TPC and TFC, 2D-TLC identification of phenolic acids, HPTLC-detection of antioxidants, and antioxidative, antileukemic, anti-MMPs properties of E. senticosus. The ethanolic extracts from the roots, spring leaves, fruits, and the chloroform extract from the roots were tested. The richest in polyphenols are the fresh fruits (57.5 mg/g), while in flavonoids the spring leaves (27...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689739/the-influence-of-abscisic-acid-on-the-ethylene-biosynthesis-pathway-in-the-functioning-of-the-flower-abscission-zone-in-lupinus-luteus
#17
Emilia Wilmowicz, Kamil Frankowski, Agata Kućko, Michał Świdziński, Juan de Dios Alché, Anna Nowakowska, Jan Kopcewicz
Flower abscission is a highly regulated developmental process activated in response to exogenous (e.g. changing environmental conditions) and endogenous stimuli (e.g. phytohormones). Ethylene (ET) and abscisic acid (ABA) are very effective stimulators of flower abortion in Lupinus luteus, which is a widely cultivated species in Poland, Australia and Mediterranean countries. In this paper, we show that artificial activation of abscission by flower removal caused an accumulation of ABA in the abscission zone (AZ)...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663185/docosahexaenoyl-serotonin-an-endogenously-formed-n-3-fatty-acid-serotonin-conjugate-has-anti-inflammatory-properties-by-attenuating-il-23-il-17-signaling-in-macrophages
#18
Mieke Poland, Jean Paul Ten Klooster, Zheng Wang, Raymond Pieters, Mark Boekschoten, Renger Witkamp, Jocelijn Meijerink
Conjugates of fatty acids and amines, including endocannabinoids, are known to play important roles as endogenous signaling molecules. Among these, the ethanolamine conjugate of the n-3 poly unsaturated long chain fatty acid (PUFA) docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) (DHA) was shown to possess strong anti-inflammatory properties. Previously, we identified the serotonin conjugate of DHA, docosahexaenoyl serotonin (DHA-5-HT), in intestinal tissues and showed that its levels are markedly influenced by intake of n-3 PUFAs...
September 20, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660859/molecular-identification-of-giardia-duodenalis-isolates-from-domestic-dogs-and-cats-in-wroclaw-poland
#19
Jolanta Piekarska, Joanna Bajzert, Michał Gorczykowski, Magdalena Kantyka, Magdalena Podkowik
INTRODUCTION: Giardia duodenalis (G. intestinalis) is a common protozoan causing gastrointestinal disorders in many species of mammals. The genus of Giardia has high molecular diversity. Dogs and cats, in addition to their typical infection with assemblages C, D and F, may be a reservoir of zoonotic assemblages (A and B). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was a genetic characteristic of Giardia isolates of dogs and cats from the area of Wroclaw (Poland). MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 128 and 33 faecal samples from dogs and cats, respectively, were analyzed by routine coprological methods...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644123/choice-and-perception-of-the-nursing-profession-from-the-perspective-of-polish-nursing-students-a-focus-group-study
#20
Ludmila Marcinowicz, Anna Owlasiuk, Barbara Slusarska, Danuta Zarzycka, Teresa Pawlikowska
BACKGROUND: Although previous quantitative studies provide important information on the factors which influence the choice of nursing as a career, qualitative analysis makes it possible to study the subject more thoroughly. The purpose of this study was to conduct an in-depth analysis of the reasons why Polish students choose nursing as a profession and their later perception of the job based on experiences acquired during the nursing course. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was designed...
2016: BMC Medical Education
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