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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786878/dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-differentially-impact-acute-ethanol-responsive-behaviors-and-ethanol-consumption-in-dba-2j-versus-c57bl-6j-mice
#1
Jennifer T Wolstenholme, M Scott Bowers, Alexander B Pais, A Christian Pais, Ryan S Poland, Justin L Poklis, Andrew G Davies, Jill C Bettinger
BACKGROUND: Complex interactions between environmental and genetic factors influence the risk for developing alcohol use disorder (AUD) in humans. To date, studies of the impact of environment on AUD risk have primarily focused on psychological characteristics or on the effects of developmental exposure to ethanol. We recently observed that modifying levels of the long-chain ω-3 (LC ω-3) fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), alters acute physiological responses to ethanol in C. elegans...
May 22, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784466/knowledge-gaps-persist-and-hinder-progress-in-eliminating-mumps
#2
REVIEW
R Ramanathan, E A Voigt, R B Kennedy, G A Poland
Mumps, a common childhood disease in the pre-vaccine era that causes swelling of the parotid salivary glands, can lead to orchitis, viral meningitis, and sensorineural deafness. While the incidence of disease decreased dramatically after the vaccine was added to standard vaccination schedules, the disease has made a substantial resurgence in recent years. As a result, it becomes critical to examine the factors involved in recurring outbreaks. Although low and incomplete vaccination coverage may be a key reason, it does not fully explain the issue due to the high rate of occurrence in populations with high vaccination coverage rates...
May 18, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748253/prevalence-estimates-and-risk-factors-for-early-childhood-wheeze-across-europe-the-europrevall-birth-cohort
#3
Anna Selby, Alasdair Munro, Kate E Grimshaw, Victoria Cornelius, Thomas Keil, Linus Grabenhenrich, Michael Clausen, Ruta Dubakiene, Alessandro Fiocchi, Marek L Kowalski, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Marta Reche, Sigurveig T Sigurdardottir, Aline B Sprikkelman, Paraskevi Xepapadaki, E N Clare Mills, Kirsten Beyer, Graham Roberts
BACKGROUND: Preschool wheeze is an important problem worldwide. No comparative population-based studies covering different countries have previously been undertaken. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of early childhood wheeze across Europe and evaluate risk factors focusing on food allergy, breast feeding and smoke exposure. METHODS: Infants from nine countries were recruited into the EuroPrevall birth cohort. At 12 and 24 months, data on wheeze, allergic signs/symptoms, feeding, smoke exposure, infections and day care attendance were collected using questionnaires...
May 10, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747446/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-storage-conditions-on-the-biogenic-amines-profile-in-opened-wine-bottles
#4
Justyna Płotka-Wasylka, Vasil Simeonov, Jacek Namieśnik
A survey of biogenic amine (BA) profiles in opened wine bottles has been established to monitor the level of biogenic amines (BAs) in opened bottles against time and other conditions. Bottles of red and white wine were submitted to different temperatures, stopper type (screw cap, cork), and use of vacuum devices. A total of six wines made from a variety of grapes were obtained from vineyards from regions across Poland. Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (DLLME-GC-MS) procedure for BAs determination was validated and applied for wine sample analysis...
May 9, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747442/safety-evaluations-of-bifidobacterium-bifidum-bgn4-and-bifidobacterium-longum-bori
#5
Min Jeong Kim, Seockmo Ku, Sun Young Kim, Hyun Ha Lee, Hui Jin, Sini Kang, Rui Li, Tony V Johnston, Myeong Soo Park, Geun Eog Ji
Over the past decade, a variety of lactic acid bacteria have been commercially available to and steadily used by consumers. However, recent studies have shown that some lactic acid bacteria produce toxic substances and display properties of virulence. To establish safety guidelines for lactic acid bacteria, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO) has suggested that lactic acid bacteria be characterized and proven safe for consumers’ health via multiple experiments (e...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727990/escape-behaviour-of-birds-in-urban-parks-and-cemeteries-across-europe-evidence-of-behavioural-adaptation-to-human-activity
#6
Federico Morelli, Peter Mikula, Yanina Benedetti, Raphaël Bussière, Leszek Jerzak, Piotr Tryjanowski
Urban environments are very heterogeneous, and birds living in the proximity of humans have to adapt to local conditions, e.g. by changing their behavioural response to potential predators. In this study, we tested whether the escape distance of birds (measured as flight initiation distance; FID) differed between parks and cemeteries, areas characterized by different microhabitat conditions and human conduct, that are determinants of animal behaviour at large spatial scales. While escape behaviour of park populations of birds was often examined, cemetery populations have not been studied to the same extent and a large-scale comparison is still missing...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710295/effect-of-5-day-nitrofurantoin-vs-single-dose-fosfomycin-on-clinical-resolution-of-uncomplicated-lower-urinary-tract-infection-in-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Angela Huttner, Anna Kowalczyk, Adi Turjeman, Tanya Babich, Caroline Brossier, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Katarzyna Kosiek, Begoña Martinez de Tejada, Xavier Roux, Shachaf Shiber, Ursula Theuretzbacher, Elodie von Dach, Dafna Yahav, Leonard Leibovici, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Johan W Mouton, Stephan Harbarth
Importance: The use of nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin has increased since guidelines began recommending them as first-line therapy for lower urinary tract infection (UTI). Objective: To compare the clinical and microbiologic efficacy of nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin in women with uncomplicated cystitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multinational, open-label, analyst-blinded, randomized clinical trial including 513 nonpregnant women aged 18 years and older with symptoms of lower UTI (dysuria, urgency, frequency, or suprapubic tenderness), a positive urine dipstick result (with detection of nitrites or leukocyte esterase), and no known colonization or previous infection with uropathogens resistant to the study antibiotics...
May 1, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708972/analysis-of-lct-13910-genotypes-and-bone-mineral-density-in-ancient-skeletal-materials
#8
Barbara Mnich, Anna Elżbieta Spinek, Maciej Chyleński, Aleksandra Sommerfeld, Miroslawa Dabert, Anna Juras, Krzysztof Szostek
The relation of LCT-13910 genotypes and bone mineral density (BMD) has been the subject of modern-day human population studies, giving inconsistent results. In the present study we analyze for the first time a relation of LCT-13910 genotypes and BMD in historical skeletal individuals. Ancient population might be a model for testing this association due to elimination of non-natural factors affecting bone density. Among 22 medieval individuals from Sanok churchyard (South-Eastern Poland; dated from XIV to XVII c...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686436/methotrexate-treatment-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-poland-retrospective-analysis-of-patients-in-routine-clinical-practice
#9
Jerzy Świerkot, Bogdan Batko, Piotr Wiland, Mariusz Jędrzejewski, Marcin Stajszczyk
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate methotrexate (MTX) treatment administered by Polish rheumatologists in everyday practice. Material and methods: The study was based on a retrospective analysis of a cohort of 1957 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It was conducted among 100 rheumatologists, each of whom received 20 questionnaires and completed them based on the data from their rheumatoid arthritis patients. Results: Methotrexate was taken by 91% of patients, and 80% of them continued the treatment either as a monotherapy (65%) or concomitantly with other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs...
2018: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675822/the-field-experiments-and-model-of-the-natural-dust-deposition-effects-on-photovoltaic-module-efficiency
#10
Marek Jaszczur, Janusz Teneta, Katarzyna Styszko, Qusay Hassan, Paulina Burzyńska, Ewelina Marcinek, Natalia Łopian
The maximisation of the efficiency of the photovoltaic system is crucial in order to increase the competitiveness of this technology. Unfortunately, several environmental factors in addition to many alterable and unalterable factors can significantly influence the performance of the PV system. Some of the environmental factors that depend on the site have to do with dust, soiling and pollutants. In this study conducted in the city centre of Kraków, Poland, characterised by high pollution and low wind speed, the focus is on the evaluation of the degradation of efficiency of polycrystalline photovoltaic modules due to natural dust deposition...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672819/isolation-and-determination-of-phenolic-glycosides-and-anthraquinones-from-rhizomes-of-various-reynoutria-species
#11
Izabela Nawrot-Hadzik, Sebastian Granica, Krzysztof Domaradzki, Łukasz Pecio, Adam Matkowski
Giant knotweeds of the genus Reynoutria (syn. Fallopia )- Reynoutria japonica, Reynoutria sachalinensis , and a hybrid of them, Reynoutria x bohemica -are noxious invasive plants in Europe and North America. R. japonica is a traditional East Asian (Japan and China) drug ( Polygoni cuspidati rhizoma ). Recently, it has been included in European Pharmacopoeia as one of the traditional Chinese medicinal herbs. In this study, a reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography method with diode array detector and time-of-flight mass spectrometry was developed and validated for the profiling of rhizomes from European invasive populations and Polygoni cuspidati rhizoma purchased in China...
April 19, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669701/crizotinib-in-patients-with-advanced-inoperable-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumours-with-and-without-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-gene-alterations-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-90101-create-a-multicentre-single-drug-prospective-non
#12
Patrick Schöffski, Jozef Sufliarsky, Hans Gelderblom, Jean-Yves Blay, Sandra J Strauss, Silvia Stacchiotti, Piotr Rutkowski, Lars H Lindner, Michael G Leahy, Antoine Italiano, Nicolas Isambert, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Raf Sciot, Thomas Van Cann, Sandrine Marréaud, Axelle Nzokirantevye, Sandra Collette, Agnieszka Wozniak
BACKGROUND: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterised by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements. We assessed the activity and safety of crizotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, targeting ALK in patients with advanced IMFT either with or without ALK alterations. METHODS: We did a multicentre, biomarker-driven, single-drug, non-randomised, open-label, two-stage phase 2 trial (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 90101 CREATE) at 13 study sites (five university hospitals and eight specialty clinics) in eight European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, and the UK)...
April 12, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669395/characterisation-of-aqueous-waste-produced-during-the-clandestine-production-of-amphetamine-following-the-leuckart-route-utilising-spe-gc-ms-and-ce-c-4-d
#13
Frank M Hauser, Janneke W Hulshof, Thorsten Rößler, Ralf Zimmermann, Michael Pütz
Chemical waste from the clandestine production of amphetamine is of forensic and environmental importance due to its illegal nature which often leads to dumping into the environment. In this study 27 aqueous amphetamine waste samples from controlled Leuckart reactions performed in Germany, the Netherlands and Poland were characterised to increase the knowledge about the chemical composition and physicochemical characteristics of such waste. Aqueous waste samples from different reaction steps were analysed to determine characteristic patterns which could be used for classification...
April 18, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667385/chance-of-reimbursement-for-add-on-therapies-in-poland-and-in-the-world-review-of-the-reimbursement-recommendations
#14
Ewa Borowiack, Magdalena Marzec, Anna Nowotarska, Joanna Jarosz, Agata Orkisz, Patrycja Prząda-Machno
INTRODUCTION: Oncology drugs combined with standard therapies (so-called add-on therapies, e.g. bevacizumab, palbociclib) often receive negative recommendations regarding the legitimacy of public financing, issued by government agencies responsible for their assessment, i.e. health technology assessment agencies. The aim of the study was to estimate the scale of the problem related to the reimbursement of add-on therapies used in the treatment of breast and genitourinary cancers in Poland and in the world...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667146/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-crohn-s-disease-treatment-with-vedolizumab-and-ustekinumab-after-failure-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-antagonist
#15
Przemysław Holko, Paweł Kawalec, Andrzej Pilc
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Crohn's disease (CD) treatment with vedolizumab and ustekinumab after failure of therapy with tumor necrosis factor-α antagonists (anti-TNFs). METHODS: The Markov model incorporated the lifetime horizon, synthesis-based estimates of biologics' efficacy in relation to anti-TNF exposure, and administration of biologics reflecting clinical practice (e.g., sequence of biologics, retreatment, 12-month treatment)...
April 17, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667120/chromium-in-postmortem-material
#16
Danuta Dudek-Adamska, Teresa Lech, Tomasz Konopka, Paweł Kościelniak
Recently, considerable attention has been paid to the negative effects caused by the presence and constant increase in concentration of heavy metals in the environment, as well as to the determination of their content in human biological samples. In this paper, the concentration of chromium in samples of blood and internal organs collected at autopsy from 21 female and 39 male non-occupationally exposed subjects is presented. Elemental analysis was carried out by an electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometer after microwave-assisted acid digestion...
April 17, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659747/two-distinct-patterns-of-clostridium-difficile-diversity-across-europe-indicates-contrasting-routes-of-spread
#17
David W Eyre, Kerrie A Davies, Georgina Davis, Warren N Fawley, Kate E Dingle, Nicola De Maio, Andreas Karas, Derrick W Crook, Tim E A Peto, A Sarah Walker, Mark H Wilcox
Background: Rates of Clostridium difficile infection vary widely across Europe, as do prevalent ribotypes. The extent of Europe-wide diversity within each ribotype is however unknown. Methods: Inpatient diarrhoeal faecal samples submitted on one day in summer and winter (2012-2013) to laboratories in 482 European hospitals were cultured for C. difficile, and isolates ribotyped; those from the 10 most prevalent ribotypes were Illumina whole-genome sequenced. Pairwise single nucleotide differences (SNPs) were obtained from recombination-corrected maximum-likelihood phylogenies...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657613/relationship-between-physician-based-assessment-of-disease-activity-quality-of-life-and-costs-of-ulcerative-colitis-in-poland
#18
Paweł Kawalec, Ewa Stawowczyk
Introduction: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic inflammatory bowel disorder, which requires lifelong treatment. It generates substantial direct and indirect costs, and significantly affects the quality of life, especially in the active state of the disease. Aim: To evaluate the direct and indirect costs of UC as well as to assess disease activity and quality of life reported by patients with UC in Polish settings. Material and methods: A questionnaire, cross-sectional study among UC patients as well as physicians involved in the therapy of the patients was conducted...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656310/emission-of-heavy-metals-from-an-urban-catchment-into-receiving-water-and-possibility-of-its-limitation-on-the-example-of-lodz-city
#19
Grazyna Sakson, Agnieszka Brzezinska, Marek Zawilski
Heavy metals are among the priority pollutants which may have toxic effects on receiving water bodies. They are detected in most of samples of stormwater runoff, but the concentrations are very variable. This paper presents results of study on the amount of heavy metals discharged from urban catchment in Lodz (Poland) in 2011-2013. The research was carried out to identify the most important sources of their emission and to assess the threats to receiving water quality and opportunities of their limitation. The city is equipped with a combined sewerage in the center with 18 combined sewer overflows and with separate system in other parts...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619631/concentration-of-minerals-in-nectar-honeys-from-direct-sale-and-retail-in-poland
#20
Monika Kędzierska-Matysek, Mariusz Florek, Anna Wolanciuk, Joanna Barłowska, Zygmunt Litwińczuk
The aim of the study was to compare the content of selected minerals in different nectar honeys (acacia, buckwheat, raspberry, linden, rapeseed, and multifloral) available on the Polish market. The degree to which the demand for eight minerals (K, Na, Mg, Ca, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu) by adults is met by a portion of 100 g of honey was estimated as well. The material consisted of 34 artisanal honeys from direct sale and 34 samples purchased from retail stores. The artisanal honeys contained significantly more K, Mg, and Mn, but significantly less Na and Fe than the honeys purchased from the retail stores...
April 4, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
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