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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628752/high-prevalence-of-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-and-tetracycline-campylobacter-spp-isolated-from-poultry-in-poland
#1
Anna Woźniak-Biel, Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska, Alicja Kielsznia, Kamila Korzekwa, Anna Tobiasz, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Alina Wieliczko
Campylobacter spp. is a major cause of foodborne diseases in humans, particularly when transmitted by the handling or consumption of undercooked poultry meat. Most Campylobacter infections are self-limiting, but antimicrobial treatment (e.g., fluoroquinolones and macrolides) is necessary in severe or prolonged cases. The indiscriminate use of these drugs, both in clinical medicine and animal production, has a major impact on public health. The aim of the present study was to identify Campylobacter strains, isolated from turkey and broilers, using both PCR and the matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) methods to reveal the accuracy of identification, as well to evaluate the antimicrobial and genetic resistance of the investigated strains...
June 19, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625595/dctn1-related-neurodegeneration-perry-syndrome-and-beyond
#2
REVIEW
Takuya Konno, Owen A Ross, Hélio A G Teive, Jarosław Sławek, Dennis W Dickson, Zbigniew K Wszolek
Perry syndrome (PS) is a rare hereditary neurodegenerative disease characterized by autosomal dominant parkinsonism, psychiatric symptoms, weight loss, central hypoventilation, and distinct TDP-43 pathology. The mutated causative gene for PS is DCTN1, which encodes the dynactin subunit p150(Glued). Dynactin is a motor protein involved in axonal transport; the p150(Glued) subunit has a critical role in the overall function. Since the discovery of DCTN1 in PS, it has been increasingly recognized that DCTN1 mutations can exhibit more diverse phenotypes than previously thought...
June 12, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620850/the-colloid-hematite-particle-migration-through-the-unsaturated-porous-bed-at-the-presence-of-biosurfactants
#3
Agnieszka Pawlowska, Izabela Sznajder, Zygmunt Sadowski
Colloidal particles have an ability to sorb heavy metals, metalloids, and organic compounds (e.g. biosurfactants) present in soil and groundwater. The pH and ionic strength changes may promote release of such particles causing potential contaminant transport. Therefore, it is very important to know how a colloid particle-mineral particle and colloid-mineral-biosurfactant system behaves in the natural environment. They can have negative impact on the environment and human health. This study highlighted the influence of biosurfactants produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa on the transport of colloidal hematite (α-Fe2O3) through porous bed (materials collected from the Szklary and Zloty Stok solid waste heaps from Lower Silesia, Poland)...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619090/truffle-renaissance-in-poland-history-present-and-prospects
#4
REVIEW
Aleksandra Rosa-Gruszecka, Dorota Hilszczańska, Wojciech Gil, Bogusław Kosel
The use of truffles in Poland has a long tradition, yet due to some historical aspects, this knowledge was lost. Currently, truffles and truffle orchards are again receiving attention, and thanks to, e.g., historical data, they have solid foundations to be established. Publications relating to truffles between 1661 and 2017 were searched for in international and national databases, such as the database of PhD theses, Google Scholar, and catalogues of the National Library of Poland, the Jagiellonian Digital Library, the University Library of J...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617274/supporting-constructed-wetlands-in-p-removal-efficiency-from-surface-water
#5
Agnieszka Bus, Agnieszka Karczmarczyk
The research investigated the implementation of suspended reactive filters to support the phosphorus (P) removal efficiency of constructed wetlands (CWs). The reactive material (RM) used in this study was autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The laboratory experiment consists of four plastic boxes filled with the volume of 10 L of artificial P solution with three variants of RM mass to volume ratio: 1:1 (g:L), 5:1 (g:L), 10:1 (g:L), and the blind probe 0:1 (g:L) as a reference. AAC of different weights (10, 50 and 100 g) was wrapped in a filter bag, put into boxes, and suspended...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608300/in-situ-assay-of-nitrate-reductase-activity-using-portable-water-bath
#6
Adam Rajsz, Bronisław Wojtuń, Andrzej Bytnerowicz
In environmental research (i.e., plant ecophysiology, environmental microbiology, and environmental chemistry), some assays require incubation of samples at controlled temperature and darkness. Until now, due to a lack of equipment providing such possibility in situ, researchers had to move collected samples to the laboratory for incubation. Obviously, a delayed incubation and the ex situ conditions could seriously affect the assays' results. A good example of analysis where water bath use is needed is the nitrate reductase activity (NRA) in vivo assay where plant tissue samples are incubated in buffer solution at a predetermined temperature...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595556/iodine-prophylaxis-in-the-lights-of-the-last-recommendation-of-who-on-reduction-of-daily-salt-intake
#7
Szybiński Zbigniew
In 1994 international organizations: WHO,UNICEF and ICCIDD indicated salt - Natrium Chloride as a main carrier of iodine in the prophilaxis systems in the iodine deficient areas over the world. Following this recommendation 24 European countries introduced the model of iodine prophylaxis based on the salt iodization. However in 7 European countries only - among them in Poland - salt iodization is mandatory -as the most effective model on the population level. OBJECTIVE: Presentation the method for reduction of the consumption of iodized salt and supplementation of iodine by other iodine carriers...
June 8, 2017: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584325/differences-in-nutritional-status-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-the-maternal-social-characteristics
#8
Adrianna Potocka, Aleksandra Jacukowicz
OBJECTIVES: It is generally accepted that maternal factors are important in maintaining the adequate nutritional status of young children. This study was aimed at verifying whether mother's socio-demographic (age and relationship status) and socio-economic features (education and professional status) differentiate the child's nutritional status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and October 2013. Five hundred thirty mothers of preschool children from 5 different regions of Poland were interviewed...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566802/are-genes-encoding-proteoglycans-really-associated-with-the-risk-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture
#9
P Cięszczyk, K Willard, P Gronek, P Zmijewski, G Trybek, J Gronek, M Weber-Rajek, P Stastny, M Petr, E Lulińska-Kuklik, K Ficek, E Kemeryte-Riaubiene, E Maculewicz, A V September
Proteoglycans are considered integral structural components of tendon and ligament and have been implicated in the resistance of compressive forces, collagen fibrillogenesis, matrix remodelling and cell signalling. Several sequence variants within genes encoding proteoglycans were recently implicated in modulating anterior cruciate ligament ruptures (ACLR). This study aimed to test the previously implicated variants in proteoglycan and vascular epithelial growth factor encoding genes with risk of ACLR in a population from Poland...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532809/seroprevalence-of-bovine-herpesvirus-1-related-alphaherpesvirus-infections-in-free-living-and-captive-cervids-in-poland
#10
Jerzy Rola, Magdalena Larska, Wojciech Socha, Jolanta G Rola, Magdalena Materniak, Renata Urban-Chmiel, Etienne Thiry, Jan F Żmudziński
To determine the occurrence of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) related alphaherpesvirus infections in cervids, 1194 serum samples of wild ruminants originating from 59 forest districts of Poland were tested with IBR gB ELISA and virus neutralization test (VNT) against BoHV-1 and cervid herpesvirus 1 (CvHV-1). The seroprevalence differed significantly between free-living and captive cervids (P<0.001) with a total of 89 out of 498 (17.9%) and 268 out of 696 (38.5%) seropositive animals in each type of population...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531138/phytochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-seven-saskatoon-berry-amelanchier-alnifolia-nutt-genotypes-grown-in-poland
#11
Sabina Lachowicz, Jan Oszmiański, Łukasz Seliga, Stanisław Pluta
The basic chemical composition, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant capacity of fruits of three new Polish breeding clones (No. 5/6, type S, and type N) and four Canadian cultivars (cvs.) ("Martin", "Smoky", "Pembina", and "Honeywood") grown in Poland in 2016 were investigated. Fruits were analyzed for their contents of triterpenoids, carotenoids, chlorophylls, and polyphenolics with the ultra-performance liquid chromatography photodiode detector-quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-PDA-Q/TOF-MS) method, sugar with the high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) method, and antioxidant capacity with the ability to reduce free radical (ABTS) and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) method...
May 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515757/emergency-heartware-ventricular-assist-device-hvad-exchange-due-to-pump-thrombosis-using-minimally-invasive-technique
#12
Remigiusz Antończyk, Ewa Trejnowska, Jerzy Pacholewicz, Tomasz Wolny, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Karolina Antończyk, Izabela Copik, Magdalena Piontek, Małgorzata Jasińska, Krzysztof Filipiak, Maciej Głowacki, Maciej Gawlikowski, Marcin Borowicz, Roman Kustosz, Jacek Waszak, Piotr Przybyłowski, Marian Zembala, Michał Zakliczyński, Michał Oskar Zembala
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) thrombosis remains a dreadful complication of mechanical circulatory support, with an incidence of 8-12% depending on the pump type and patient's comorbidities. Fibrinolysis may be considered early in pump thrombosis, but when contraindicated a pump exchange remains the only alternative. This short report documents an emergency LVAD exchange in a 55-year-old man who underwent LVAD (HeartWare Inc) implantation in 2013 as a bridge to transplantation. Four months after the initial surgery, he suffered from a hemorrhagic stroke despite properly managed anticoagulation...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512368/-analysis-of-the-phenomenon-of-over-the-counter-drug-abuse-and-not-controlled-herbs-trade-by-polish-adolescents-part-i
#13
REVIEW
Daria Suchecka, Jolanta Kucharska-Mazur, Katarzyna Groszewska, Monika Mak, Jerzy Samochowiec, Agnieszka Samochowiec
The phenomenon of stupefying by the use of available over-the-counter drugs (OTC) among adolescents is an essential problem in both Poland and throughout the world. Popular analgesics, cold medicine and antihistamines contain psychedelic substances, such as dextromethorphan (DXM), pseudoephedrine/ephedrine, codeine (methylmorphine), dimenhydrinate, paracetamol (acetaminophren) and others. Cases of fatal addiction to dextromethorphan, one of the active substances contained in medicines, e.g., the common cold, have been reported...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499583/histotype-tailored-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-versus-standard-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-high-risk-soft-tissue-sarcomas-isg-sts-1001-an-international-open-label-randomised-controlled-phase-3-multicentre-trial
#14
Alessandro Gronchi, Stefano Ferrari, Vittorio Quagliuolo, Javier Martin Broto, Antonio Lopez Pousa, Giovanni Grignani, Umberto Basso, Jean-Yves Blay, Oscar Tendero, Robert Diaz Beveridge, Virginia Ferraresi, Iwona Lugowska, Domenico Franco Merlo, Valeria Fontana, Emanuela Marchesi, Davide Maria Donati, Elena Palassini, Emanuela Palmerini, Rita De Sanctis, Carlo Morosi, Silvia Stacchiotti, Silvia Bagué, Jean Michelle Coindre, Angelo Paolo Dei Tos, Piero Picci, Paolo Bruzzi, Paolo Giovanni Casali
BACKGROUND: Previous trials from our group suggested an overall survival benefit with five cycles of adjuvant full-dose epirubicin plus ifosfamide in localised high-risk soft-tissue sarcoma of the extremities or trunk wall, and no difference in overall survival benefit between three cycles versus five cycles of the same neoadjuvant regimen. We aimed to show the superiority of the neoadjuvant administration of histotype-tailored regimen to standard chemotherapy. METHODS: For this international, open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 3, multicentre trial, patients were enrolled from 32 hospitals in Italy, Spain, France, and Poland...
May 9, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496091/mobilization-of-hematopoietic-stem-cells-for-hematopoietic-cells-autologous-transplantation-with-use-of-plerixafor
#15
Krzysztof Gawroński, Piotr Rzepecki, Waldemar Sawicki, Jarosław Wajs
BACKGROUND To increase the number of circulating hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) in the blood, mobilization treatments are currently being used. G-CSF and G-CSF plus chemotherapy are the most common methods of hematopoietic stem cells separation used in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS We observed patients who failed an effective hematopoietic stem cell mobilization with G-CSF or with G-CSF plus chemotherapy. The separation was considered unsuccessful if within a period of 4 consecutive days of separation, the number of obtained CD 34+ cells was lower than 2...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484452/integration-of-immune-cell-populations-mrna-seq-and-cpg-methylation-to-better-predict-humoral-immunity-to-influenza-vaccination-dependence-of-mrna-seq-cpg-methylation-on-immune-cell-populations
#16
Michael T Zimmermann, Richard B Kennedy, Diane E Grill, Ann L Oberg, Krista M Goergen, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Iana H Haralambieva, Gregory A Poland
The development of a humoral immune response to influenza vaccines occurs on a multisystems level. Due to the orchestration required for robust immune responses when multiple genes and their regulatory components across multiple cell types are involved, we examined an influenza vaccination cohort using multiple high-throughput technologies. In this study, we sought a more thorough understanding of how immune cell composition and gene expression relate to each other and contribute to interindividual variation in response to influenza vaccination...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481381/cardiovascular-risk-factors-determined-via-the-internet-in-2-periods-of-time-2004-2009-and-2010-2015-in-poland
#17
Bartosz G Trzeciak, Janusz Siebert, Piotr Gutknecht, Andrzej Molisz, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon
OBJECTIVES: Web information systems may serve as a diagnostic tool for the Internet users and they also support the epidemiological work of doctors and health care providers. As part of this study, a system has been created for detecting and calculating cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study has been the comparison of cardiovascular risk factors and calculated fatal cardiovascular risk in 2 periods of time: 2004-2009 and 2010-2015 in Poland, as determined via the Internet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The "Ryzyko program" ("Risk program") is available on the website of the Medical University of Gdańsk...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472731/online-test-purchased-new-psychoactive-substances-in-5-different-european-countries-a-snapshot-study-of-chemical-composition-and-price
#18
Tibor Markus Brunt, Amanda Marie Atkinson, Thomas Nefau, Magali Martinez, Emmanuel Lahaie, Artur Malzcewski, Martin Pazitny, Vendula Belackova, Simon D Brandt
BACKGROUND: New psychoactive substances (NPS) are on offer worldwide online, in order to shed light on the purity and price of these substances in the European Union, a research collaboration was set up involving France, United Kingdom (UK), the Netherlands, Czech Republic and Poland. METHODS: Per country, around 10 different NPS were test purchased from different webshops. Then, chemical analysis of NPS was done with according reference standards to identify and quantify the contents...
May 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463699/waste-heaps-left-by-historical-zn-pb-ore-mining-are-hotspots-of-species-diversity-of-beech-forest-understory-vegetation
#19
Marcin W Woch, Anna M Stefanowicz, Małgorzata Stanek
Metalliferous mining and smelting industries are associated with very high levels of heavy metal(loid) contamination of the environment. Heavy metals have been proved to significantly influence the species diversity and composition of grassland communities, but little is known on their effects on forest understory vegetation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the presence of small heaps of waste rock left by historical Zn-Pb ore mining on understory vegetation. The heaps are scattered over vast areas of beech forests in southern Poland...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449600/comparison-of-phenolic-acids-and-flavonoids-contents-in-various-cultivars-and-parts-of-common-lavender-lavandula-angustifolia-derived-from-poland
#20
M Adaszyńska-Skwirzyńska, M Dzięcioł
The aim of study was to compare the content of phenolic acids and flavonoids in two cultivars of Lavandula angustifolia: 'Blue River' and 'Ellagance Purple', including flowers and leafy stalks. Total phenolics and total flavonoids contents were determined by UV-Vis spectroscopy. The contents of total phenolics in leafy stalks (3.71-4.06 mg g(-1) d.m.) were higher than in flowers (1.13-1.14 mg g(-1) d.m.). Similarly, higher total contents of flavonoids were determined in leafy stalks (3.41-3.51 mg g(-1) d...
April 27, 2017: Natural Product Research
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