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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351653/calibration-of-gafchromic-ebt3-film-for-dosimetry-of-scanning-proton-pencil-beam-pbs
#1
D Krzempek, G Mianowska, N Bassler, L Stolarczyk, R Kopec, B Sas-Korczynska, P Olko
Gafchromic EBT3 films are applied in proton radiotherapy for 2D dose mapping because they demonstrate spatial resolution well below 1 mm. However, the film response must be corrected in order to reach the accuracy of dose measurements required for the clinical use. The in-house developed AnalyseGafchromic software allows to analyze and correct the measured response using triple channel dose calibration, statistical scan-to-scan fluctuations as well as experimentally determined dose and LET dependence. Finally, the optimized protocol for evaluation of response of Gafchromic EBT3 films was applied to determine 30 × 40 cm2 dose profiles of the scanning therapy unit at the Cyclotron Centre Bronowice, CCB in Krakow, Poland...
January 17, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350382/risk-factors-for-adverse-outcomes-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-single-center-experience-in-long-term-follow-up-of-treated-patients
#2
Marcin Grabowski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Grzegorz Opolski, Renata Główczyńska, Monika Gawałko, Paweł Balsam, Andrzej Cacko, Zenon Huczek, Grzegorz Karpiński, Robert Kowalik, Franciszek Majstrak, Janusz Kochman
BACKGROUND: For patients experiencing an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), a crucial time to assess their prognosis and future management is at discharge from hospital. AIM: To identify patients' risk factors of mortality during post-discharge period following an ACS hospitalization. METHODS: We studied 672 consecutive ACS patients hospitalized and discharged alive between 2002 and 2004. The analysis was done in respect of the type of ACS, i...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346533/density-of-emerald-ash-borer-coleoptera-buprestidae-adults-and-larvae-at-three-stages-of-the-invasion-wave
#3
Stephen J Burr, Deborah G McCullough, Therese M Poland
Emerald ash borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive phloem-feeding buprestid, has killed hundreds of millions of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees in the United States and two Canadian provinces. We evaluated EAB persistence in post-invasion sites and compared EAB adult captures and larval densities in 24 forested sites across an east-west gradient in southern Michigan representing the Core (post-invasion), Crest (high EAB populations), and Cusp (recently infested areas) of the EAB invasion wave...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335477/transcriptomic-signatures-of-cellular-and-humoral-immune-responses-in-older-adults-after-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-identified-by-data-driven-clustering
#4
Emily A Voigt, Diane E Grill, Michael T Zimmermann, Whitney L Simon, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Richard B Kennedy, Gregory A Poland
PBMC transcriptomes after influenza vaccination contain valuable information about factors affecting vaccine responses. However, distilling meaningful knowledge out of these complex datasets is often difficult and requires advanced data mining algorithms. We investigated the use of the data-driven Weighted Gene Correlation Network Analysis (WGCNA) gene clustering method to identify vaccine response-related genes in PBMC transcriptomic datasets collected from 138 healthy older adults (ages 50-74) before and after 2010-2011 seasonal trivalent influenza vaccination...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313559/the-long-term-prognosis-following-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-prospective-observational-study-of-unselected-group-treated-in-the-24-7-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory-at-university-hospital
#5
Marcin Grabowski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Grzegorz Opolski, Renata Główczyńska, Monika Gawałko, Paweł Balsam, Andrzej Cacko, Zenon Huczek, Grzegorz Karpiński, Robert Kowalik, Franciszek Majstrak, Janusz Kochman
BACKGROUND: The risk stratification in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is usually based on the clinical data obtained during hospitalization. To date, there is a limited number of prospective observational studies assessing long-term prognosis of patients discharged from the hospital after ACS. AIM: This study is to investigate long-term follow-up of unselected ACS patients treated at the 24 hours/7 days (24/7) cardiac catheterization laboratory and discharged from referral, university hospital...
January 9, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298672/no-association-between-actn3-r577x-and-ace-i-d-polymorphisms-and-endurance-running-times-in-698-caucasian-athletes
#6
Ioannis D Papadimitriou, Sarah J Lockey, Sarah Voisin, Adam J Herbert, Fleur Garton, Peter J Houweling, Pawel Cieszczyk, Agnieszka Maciejewska-Skrendo, Marek Sawczuk, Myosotis Massidda, Carla Maria Calò, Irina V Astratenkova, Anastasia Kouvatsi, Anastasiya M Druzhevskaya, Macsue Jacques, Ildus I Ahmetov, Georgina K Stebbings, Shane Heffernan, Stephen H Day, Robert Erskine, Charles Pedlar, Courtney Kipps, Kathryn N North, Alun G Williams, Nir Eynon
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating associations between ACTN3 R577X and ACE I/D genotypes and endurance athletic status have been limited by small sample sizes from mixed sport disciplines and lack quantitative measures of performance. AIM: To examine the association between ACTN3 R577X and ACE I/D genotypes and best personal running times in a large homogeneous cohort of endurance runners. METHODS: We collected a total of 1064 personal best 1500, 3000, 5000 m and marathon running times of 698 male and female Caucasian endurance athletes from six countries (Australia, Greece, Italy, Poland, Russia and UK)...
January 3, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284247/large-prospective-validation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-polish-version-of-the-swiss-spinal-stenosis-questionnaire-for-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#7
Krzysztof Andrzej Tomaszewski, Michał Kłosiński, Brandon Michael Henry, Bendik Skinningsrud, Ewa Kucharska, Zbigniew Dudkiewicz, Robert Chrzanowski, Marcin Mikos, Roman Głowacki, Maria Pąchalska
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective cohort study was to translate, validate and perform a cultural adaptation of the Polish version of the Swiss Spinal Stenosis Questionnaire (P-SSSQ), a disease-specific questionnaire for assessing symptom severity, physical function and satisfaction with treatment in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were prospectively recruited at two orthopedic centres in Krakow, Poland, between January 2011 - October 2016...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284241/psychosocial-determinants-of-disease-acceptance-in-selected-mental-disorders
#8
Renata Bogusz, Ewa Humeniuk
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Every mental disorder may cause a number of negative consequences in the personal lives of the patients and their families as well as in their social relations. Acceptance of the disease is a crucial factor in the process of coping with the problems resulting from it. Acceptance of the disease may significantly influence the reduction of negative emotional reactions it causes. Consequently, it may contribute to better adaptation of the patients and hence may facilitate the process of recovery...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284227/overweight-and-obesity-vs-simple-carbohydrates-consumption-by-elderly-people-suffering-from-diseases-of-the-cardiovascular-system
#9
Agata Skop-Lewandowska, Joanna Zając, Emilia Kolarzyk
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity belong to the alarming and constantly increasing problems of the 21st century among all age groups. One of the major factors enhancing these problems are simple carbohydrates commonly found in popular sweet drinks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate the nutritional patterns of elderly people with diagnosed cardiovascular system diseases, and analysis of the relationship between consumption of simple carbohydrates and prevalence of overweight and obesity...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280369/characteristics-of-the-regional-human-milk-bank-in-poland-donors-recipients-and-nutritional-value-of-human-milk
#10
Olga Barbarska, Monika Zielińska, Beata Pawlus, Aleksandra Wesołowska
Background: In case of shortage of breast milk despite proper lactation care or the poor state of the mother’s health, breast milk from human milk bank is recommended for feeding preterm infants Objective: This study retrospectively evaluated the first year of the operation of the Regional Human Milk Bank Material and methods: Data concerning donors was collected in the human milk bank during the cooperation. The clinical characteristics of the recipients was made on the basis of medical documentation from the Holy Family Hospital in Warsaw, Poland...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278401/evaluation-of-bioactive-compounds-minerals-and-antioxidant-activity-of-lingonberry-vaccinium-vitis-idaea-l-fruits
#11
Paulina Dróżdż, Vaida Šėžienė, Józef Wójcik, Krystyna Pyrzyńska
The extraction efficiency of major classes of phenolics from lingonberries grown in the central region of Poland was evaluated. The ethanol-water solution (60:40, v/v) resulted in the highest extraction yields; however, the results obtained for ethyl acetate were only slightly lower. Total phenolics estimated by Folin-Ciocalteu assay ranged from 468 to 661 mg of GA/100 g fresh weight (fw), while total flavonoids were in the range of 53.2-67.8 μmol/100 g fw. Both solvents exhibited comparable potential for monomeric anthocyanin extraction (26...
December 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275958/edeus-a-real-life-study-on-the-users-of-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-prevalence-perceptions-and-health-care-seeking-behavior-among-european-men-with-a-focus-on-2nd-generation-avanafil
#12
Giovanni Corona, Mario Maggi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a multidimensional disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1% to 10% in men younger than 40 years and up to 100% in men in their 70s and 80s. AIM: To evaluate the real-life characteristics and unmet needs of men with ED, its impact on well-being, and treatment rates across Europe. METHODS: Adult men in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain were invited to participate in the survey...
December 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258212/dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-metabolic-syndrome-among-adults-in-poland-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Edyta Suliga, Dorota Kozieł, Elżbieta Cieśla, Dorota Rębak, Stanisław Głuszek
In several populations the associations between diet and the risk of metabolic syndrome have not been fully examined yet. The aim of the study is to identify the main dietary patterns among Polish adults and the evaluation of the relationships of these patterns with metabolic syndrome and its components. The study was conducted on a group of 7997 participants, aged between 37 and 66 years old. Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation...
December 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235892/changes-in-technical-efficiency-of-the-broiler-production-in-poland-1994-2013
#14
K Utnik-Banaś, J Żmija, J Krawczyk, K Połtowicz
1. The effects of changes in technical efficiency on the increase of broiler production are presented for the period 1994 - 2013 based on the panel data from 7 farms located in southern and central Poland. A total of 766 cycles were analysed. 2. The Cobb-Douglas production function was used to assess the changes of output elasticities as well as technical changes in broiler production, for five-year sub-periods separately. 3. Technical indices of broiler production significantly improved between years 1994-2013: feed conversion ratio decreased from 2...
December 13, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228303/identifying-possible-pheromones-of-cerambycid-beetles-by-field-testing-known-pheromone-components-in-four-widely-separated-regions-of-the-united-states
#15
Jocelyn G Millar, Robert F Mitchell, Judith A Mongold-Diers, Yunfan Zou, Carlos E Bográn, Melissa K Fierke, Matthew D Ginzel, Crawford W Johnson, James R Meeker, Therese M Poland, Iral Ragenovich, Lawrence M Hanks
The pheromone components of many cerambycid beetles appear to be broadly shared among related species, including species native to different regions of the world. This apparent conservation of pheromone structures within the family suggests that field trials of common pheromone components could be used as a means of attracting multiple species, which then could be targeted for full identification of their pheromones. Here, we describe the results of such field trials that were conducted in nine states in the northeastern, midwestern, southern, and western United States...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226602/first-report-of-carp-oedema-virus-infection-of-koi-cyprinus-carpio-haematopterus-in-the-republic-of-korea
#16
S W Kim, J W Jun, S S Giri, C Chi, S Yun, H J Kim, S G Kim, J W Kang, S C Park
Twenty-five koi (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) bought from a wholesale fish market in Korea, showed lethargic behaviour and 100% mortality within 20 days. Carp oedema virus (CEV) was detected by PCR in all 25 koi. Results of detailed histopathological and clinical examinations of 17 koi indicated loss of body balance, severe infiltration of inflammatory cells into the inter-lamellar spaces of the gills and vacuolization and inclusion bodies in gill epithelial cells. Sequence analysis of PCR products of these koi showed up to 99% identity to the previously reported sequences, suggesting that the observed mass mortality resulted from koi sleepy disease (KSD) due to CEV infection...
December 10, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223558/consumer-acceptance-of-minced-meat-patties-from-boars-in-four-european-countries
#17
M Aluwé, M Aaslyng, G Backus, M Bonneau, P Chevillon, J-E Haugen, L Meier-Dinkel, D Mörlein, M A Oliver, H M Snoek, F A M Tuyttens, M Font-I-Furnols
A consumer study was performed in four EU countries to further clarify the acceptability of meat with boar taint. In Denmark, France, Italy and Poland, a total of 476 female consumers evaluated 8 meat patties from boars with varying levels of skatole (0.10-0.40μg/g fat tissue) and androstenone (0.47-2.00 μg/g fat tissue), in a pair-wise comparison with patties from castrates. Boar meat patties were always less preferred than the castrate meat patties, regardless of the level of androstenone and skatole. Acceptability of the boar meat patties decreased with increasing skatole level...
November 28, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215356/the-presence-of-biofilm-forming-microorganisms-on-hydrotherapy-equipment-and-facilities
#18
Natalia Jarząb, Maciej Walczak
Hydrotherapy equipment provides a perfect environment for the formation and growth of microbial biofilms. Biofilms may reduce the microbiological cleanliness of hydrotherapy equipment and harbour opportunistic pathogens and pathogenic bacteria. The aims of this study were to investigate the ability of microorganisms that colonize hydrotherapy equipment to form biofilms, and to assess the influence of temperature and nutrients on the rate of biofilm formation. Surface swab samples were collected from the whirlpool baths, inhalation equipment and submerged surfaces of a brine pool at the spa center in Ciechocinek, Poland...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214976/stray-cats-are-more-frequently-infected-with-zoonotic-protists-than-pet-cats
#19
Martin Kvac, Lada Hofmannova, Ynes Ortega, Nikola Holubova, Michaela Horcickova, Marta Kicia, Lenka Hlaskova, Dana Kvetonova, Bohumil Sak, John McEvoy
Faecal samples were collected from cats kept as pets (n = 120) and stray cats (n = 135) in Central Europe (Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia) and screened for the presence of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia intestinalis (Kunstler, 1882), Encephalitozoon spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi Desportes, Le Charpentier, Galian, Bernard, Cochand-Priollet, Lavergne, Ravisse et Modigliani, 1985 by PCR analysis of the small-subunit of rRNA (Cryptosporidium spp. and G. intestinalis) and ITS (microsporidia) genes. Sequence analysis of targeted genes revealed the presence of C...
December 6, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210611/tracking-residual-organochlorine-pesticides-ocps-in-green-herbal-and-black-tea-leaves-and-infusions-of-commercially-available-tea-products-marketed-in-poland
#20
Agata Witczak, Hassan Abdel-Gawad, Michal Zalesak, Anna Pohoryło
The content of residual organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) was examined in green, herbal, and black tea leaves as well as in their infusions prepared from tea products marketed in the main supermarkets in Poland. It was found that the detected mean levels of organochlorine residues in tea leaves ranged from <LOD to 16.36 ng g-1 dry weight. Among HCH isomers γ-HCH in green tea occurred in the highest concentrations. Of DDT metabolites the highest level of pp'DDT (1.96 ng g-1 dw) was in green tea samples. The transfer of OCPs from tea leaves to brew was investigated...
December 6, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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