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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098355/a-comparative-study-on-composition-and-antioxidant-activities-of-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-hexane-and-ethanol-extracts-from-blackberry-rubus-fruticosus-growing-in-poland
#1
Anna Wajs-Bonikowska, Agnieszka Stobiecka, Radosław Bonikowski, Agnieszka Krajewska, Magdalena Sikora, Józef Kula
BACKGROUND: Large quantities of blackberry seeds are produced as a pomace during the processing of juice and jam production - this by-product is a very interesting raw material both for oil manufacturing and as a source of bioactive compounds. In this work the composition, yield and antioxidant activity of three types of Rubus fructicosus pomace extracts isolated by liquid-extraction using solvents of different polarity, as well with supercritical CO2 fluid extraction have been compared...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093611/a-highly-divergent-puumala-virus-lineage-in-southern-poland
#2
Ulrike M Rosenfeld, Stephan Drewes, Hanan Sheikh Ali, Edyta T Sadowska, Magdalena Mikowska, Gerald Heckel, Paweł Koteja, Rainer G Ulrich
Puumala virus (PUUV) represents one of the most important hantaviruses in Central Europe. Phylogenetic analyses of PUUV strains indicate a strong genetic structuring of this hantavirus. Recently, PUUV sequences were identified in the natural reservoir, the bank vole (Myodes glareolus), collected in the northern part of Poland. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of PUUV in bank voles from southern Poland. A total of 72 bank voles were trapped in 2009 at six sites in this part of Poland...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092599/wild-boars-sus-scrofa-as-bioindicators-of-environmental-levels-of-selenium-in-poland
#3
E Nowakowska, B Pilarczyk, R Pilarczyk, A Tomza-Marciniak, M Bąkowska, A Marciniak
The objective of the study was to determine selenium content in selected organs (liver, kidney) of wild boars from different regions of Poland. Materials for the study were obtained from 28 sites located in 16 provinces of Poland. Selenium concentrations in organs were determined using spectrofluorometric methods after wet mineralization in HNO3 and HClO4 mixture. Mean selenium concentrations in the investigated wild boars from Poland were 0.230 μg/g wet weight in the liver and 1.327 μg/g w.w. in the kidneys...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068530/a-new-view-on-the-european-feline-population-from-mtdna-analysis-in-polish-domestic-cats
#4
Iwona Głażewska, Tomasz Kijewski
Domestic cats from Eastern Europe have been poorly represented in studies on mitochondrial DNA diversity for forensic purposes until now. The aim of the present study was to contribute to closing this gap. The genetic structure and the origin of a cat population in Poland were examined against the background of human migrations over the centuries. One hundred and eighty-one cats from animal shelters in seven cities were genotyped. Twenty-one mtDNA haplotypes were found, with only one haplotype present in each of the populations, at an average frequency of 63...
December 29, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039665/the-relationship-between-burnout-syndrome-among-the-medical-staff-and-work-conditions-in-the-polish-healthcare-system
#5
Alicja Głębocka
Psychologists emphasize that people employed in social service organizations are vulnerable to chronic stress and burnout syndrome caused by a close and unsatisfied interpersonal relationship. However, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a feeling of diminished personal accomplishment can be attributed to other external factors. One of them is poor living and occupational conditions. According to a report by OECD, the healthcare system in Poland is the worst among the member countries. The aim of the present study was to define the relationship between occupational burnout and the rating of the Polish healthcare system among the medical staff...
December 31, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035764/alpha-pvp-as-an-active-component-of-herbal-highs-in-poland-between-2013-2015
#6
Bogumiła Byrska, Roman Stanaszek, Dariusz Zuba
Alpha-PVP (alpha-pyrrolidinovalerophenone, α-PVP) is a synthetic derivative of cathinone. It has been one of the most frequently detected new psychoactive substances (NPS) available on the drug market in recent years in Poland. The usual routes of administration of the drug include oral, insufflation, injection. Unexpectedly, we dealt with a great number of herbal samples that turned out to contain α-PVP. A total number of 352 herbal samples from 19 cases, in which we detected synthetic cathinones, were investigated in the Institute of Forensic Research (IFR) from 2013 to 2015...
December 30, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030923/microbiological-characterization-of-vegetables-and-their-rhizosphere-soil-in-eastern-poland
#7
Teresa Kłapeć, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Alicja Cholewa, Grażyna Cholewa, Jacek Dutkiewicz
The aim of this study was to investigate the bacteriological quality of 5 kinds of vegetables (lettuce, dill, radish, beetroot, carrot) and their rhizosphere soil, originating from conventional farms located in the Lublin Province of Eastern Poland. A total number of 35 samples of fresh vegetables (FV) taken immediately from soil, 35 samples of soil from rhizosphere of these vegetables (SR) and 35 samples of vegetables sold at retail in the markets in Lublin (VR) were examined. The samples were analysed for the content of: aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB) grown at 30°C and 37°C, Gram-negative bacteria of Enterobacteriaceae family, faecal coliform (FC) bacteria, Salmonella spp...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030920/sandpits-as-a-reservoir-of-potentially-pathogenic-fungi-for-children
#8
Anna Wójcik, Joanna Błaszkowska, Piotr Kurnatowski, Katarzyna Góralska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Fungi belonging to various physiological and morphological groups present in the environment are potential human pathogens. Some of them are considered as emerging pathogens. Therefore, their presence in children's playgrounds should be regarded as health risk factor. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Sixty-eight samples of sand collected from 17 sandpits of different localities in Łódź, Poland, in autumn 2010 and 2011, and in spring 2011 and 2012 were evaluated...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029497/active-numerical-model-of-human-body-for-reconstruction-of-falls-from-height
#9
Marcin Milanowicz, Krzysztof Kędzior
Falls from height constitute the largest group of incidents out of approximately 90,000 occupational accidents occurring each year in Poland. Reconstruction of the exact course of a fall from height is generally difficult due to lack of sufficient information from the accident scene. This usually results in several contradictory versions of an incident and impedes, for example, determination of the liability in a judicial process. In similar situations, in many areas of human activity, researchers apply numerical simulation...
October 21, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012117/complete-genome-sequence-analysis-of-chicken-astrovirus-isolate-from-india
#10
Amrutlal K Patel, Ramesh J Pandit, Jalpa R Thakkar, Ankit T Hinsu, Vinod C Pandey, Joy K Pal, Kantilal S Prajapati, Subhash J Jakhesara, Chaitanya G Joshi
OBJECTIVE: Chicken astroviruses have been known to cause severe disease in chickens leading to increased mortality and "white chicks" condition. Here we aim to characterize the causative agent of visceral gout suspected for astrovirus infection in broiler breeder chickens. METHODS: Total RNA isolated from allantoic fluid of SPF embryo passaged with infected chicken sample was sequenced by whole genome shotgun sequencing using ion-torrent PGM platform. The sequence was analysed for the presence of coding and non-coding features, its similarity with reported isolates and epitope analysis of capsid structural protein...
December 23, 2016: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008381/pathologic-fracture-and-healthcare-resource-utilisation-a-retrospective-study-in-eight-european-countries
#11
Jean-Jacques Body, Yves Pascal Acklin, Oliver Gunther, Guy Hechmati, João Pereira, Nikos Maniadakis, Evangelos Terpos, Jindrich Finek, Roger von Moos, Susan Talbot, Harm Sleeboom
BACKGROUND: Skeletal-related events (SREs; pathologic fracture [PF], spinal cord compression and radiation or surgery to bone) are common complications of bone metastases or bone lesions and can impose a considerable burden on patients and healthcare systems. In this study, the healthcare resource utilisation (HRU) associated with PFs in patients with bone metastases or lesions secondary to solid tumours or multiple myeloma was estimated in eight European countries. METHODS: Eligible patients were identified in Austria, the Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Switzerland...
November 2016: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007858/complete-genome-sequence-of-lymantria-dispar-multiple-nucleopolyhedrovirus-isolated-in-southwestern-poland
#12
Martyna Krejmer-Rabalska, Lukasz Rabalski, Iwona Skrzecz, Boguslaw Szewczyk
We report here the complete genomic sequence of Polish alphabaculovirus isolated from dead gypsy moth caterpillars. Its genome structure and G+C content indicate that it is a Lymantria dispar multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (LdMNPV) strain which possesses the shortest sequence among eight other (similar to reference sequence AF081810) LdMNPV sequences available in GenBank; it is 159,729 bp long.
December 22, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006796/a-new-generic-name-i-semigothograptus-i-for-i-gothograptus-i-i-meganassa-i-rickards%C3%A2-amp-palmer-2002-from-the-silurian-post-i-lundgreni-i-biozone-recovery-phase-and-comparative-morphology-of-retiolitids-from-the-lowermost-upper-homerian-upper-wenlock
#13
Anna Kozłowska
Gothograptus? meganassa Rickards & Palmer, 2002 is assigned to a new genus Semigothograptus. New, well preserved material from the dubius/nassa Biozone (upper Homerian, Silurian) of the Bartoszyce IG-1 drill core Poland is described. This provides a new phylogenetic perspective on the evolution of post-lundgreni Event retiolitines. Semigothograptus meganassa is considered to be a descendant of Gothograptus nassa, although one of the most significant differences between these forms is the position of the nema, and narrow finite tubarium ending in an appendix in G...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003644/norrbottnian-clinical-variant-of-gaucher-disease-in-southern-italy
#14
Simona Sestito, Mirella Filocamo, Ferdinando Ceravolo, Francesca Falvo, Michele Grisolia, Maria Teresa Moricca, Renato Cantaffa, Serena Grossi, Pietro Strisciuglio, Daniela Concolino
The Norrbottnian type of Gaucher disease (GD), as described many years ago, is due to a unique neuronopathic variant (c.1448T>G; L444P) that may have appeared during or before the sixteenth century in northern Sweden. It is a well-defined nosological entity with a characteristic course of clinical manifestations. In particular, Norrbottnian patients described in Sweden and Poland seem to share identical clinical histories characterized by the early onset of significant hepatosplenomegaly, often requiring splenectomy at an early age...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002579/acute-care-hospitalization-of-refugees-to-canada-linked-data-for-immigrants-from-poland-vietnam-and-the-middle-east
#15
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Refugees arrive in Canada with settlement challenges different from those faced by other immigrants, including a higher risk of poor health. This study reports hospitalization rates for the three fiscal years from 2006/2007 through 2008/2009 for immigrants who arrived during the 1980-to-2006 period, with a focus on three refugee groups. DATA AND METHODS: Information from two linked databases was used to estimate age-standardized hospitalization rates (ASHRs) per 10,000 population aged 30 or older for all causes (excluding pregnancy) and for leading causes, by immigrant category and by refugee subcategory...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994407/determination-of-sexual-dimorphism-in-humans-by-measurements-of-mandible-on-digital-panoramic-radiograph
#16
V Sairam, M V Geethamalika, Praveen B Kumar, G Naresh, Gareema P Raju
BACKGROUND: Identification of sex is the first step in forensic science obtained from skeletal remains. Mandible, being a strong bone that is difficult to damage and disintegrate, is an important tool in sex determination. The present study is aimed to assess, compare, and evaluate the mandibular measurements as seen on digital panoramic radiographs to analyze their use in sexual dimorphism assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted using digital panoramic images of 100 each in both genders...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994265/symptom-modifying-effects-of-oral-avocado-soybean-unsaponifiables-in-routine-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-poland-an-open-prospective-observational-study-of-patients-adherent-to-a-6-month-treatment
#17
Piotr Głuszko, Małgorzata Stasiek
OBJECTIVES: Observational studies provide insights into real-life situations. Therefore, we assessed the effects of oral avocado/soybean unsaponifiable (ASU) capsules on pain relief and functional ability in patients, while they were receiving a routine treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: An open, prospective, observational 6-month study was conducted in 99 centers in Poland in a group of 4822 patients with symptomatic knee OA receiving one 300 mg ASU capsule/day as a routine medication...
2016: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982713/not-re-inventing-the-wheel-the-adaptive-implementation-of-the-meeting-centres-support-programme-in-four-european-countries
#18
F Mangiaracina, R Chattat, E Farina, F L Saibene, G Gamberini, D Brooker, S C Evans, S B Evans, D Szcześniak, K Urbanska, J Rymaszewska, I Hendriks, R M Dröes, F J M Meiland
OBJECTIVES: The implementation of new health services is a complex process. This study investigated the first phase of the adaptive implementation of the Dutch Meeting Centres Support Programme (MCSP) for people with dementia and their carers in three European countries (Italy, Poland, the UK) within the JPND-MEETINGDEM project. Anticipated and experienced factors influencing the implementation, and the efficacy of the implementation process, were investigated. Findings were compared with previous research in the Netherlands...
January 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980527/the-prevalence-of-sexual-activity-and-sexual-dysfunction-and-behaviours-in-postmenopausal-woman-in-poland
#19
Kamila B Czajkowska, Zbigniew Lew-Starowicz, Monika Szymańska
INTRODUCTION: Despite the aging of the population, there is limited data available about sexual life and behaviours among of postmenopausal and late postmenopausal women. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction, behaviours, and preferences in the Polish population in 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational survey study involved 538 women, of whom 220 were over 50 years old. The main focus was on the differences and changes between older age groups, mainly 50-59 years and over 60 years...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974012/reduction-of-pressure-ulcer-size-with-high-voltage-pulsed-current-and-high-frequency-ultrasound-a-randomised-trial
#20
A Polak, J Taradaj, A Nawrat-Szoltysik, M Stania, P Dolibog, E Blaszczak, R Zarzeczny, G Juras, A Franek, C Kucio
OBJECTIVE: International guidelines recommend the use of ultrasound (US) and electrical stimulation (ES) for treating chronic and recurrent pressure ulcers (PUs). The methodology of these procedures, however, still needs elaboration and confirmation by clinical studies. This parallel-group, randomised, single-blind, prospective, controlled clinical trial was conducted to determine whether by using high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) and high-voltage monophasic pulsed current (HVMPC), the rate of change in the area of older patients' PUs can be accelerated...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
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