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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340004/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-validation-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-for-the-assessment-of-body-composition-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#1
Moon J Spanjer, Irene E M Bultink, Marian A E de van der Schueren, Alexandre E Voskuyl
Objectives.: The aims were to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and to validate bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against whole-body DXA for the assessment of body composition in patients with SSc. Methods.: Malnutrition was defined as BMI <18.5 kg/m 2 or unintentional weight loss >10% in combination with a fat-free mass index (FFMI) <15 kg/m 2 for women or <17 kg/m 2 for men or BMI <20.0 kg/m 2 (age <70 years) or <22 kg/m 2 (age >70 years)...
March 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338808/the-relationship-between-cognitive-impairment-mortality-and-discharge-characteristics-in-a-large-cohort-of-older-adults-with-unscheduled-admissions-to-an-acute-hospital-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Carole Fogg, Paul Meredith, Jackie Bridges, Gill P Gould, Peter Griffiths
Background: older people with dementia admitted to hospital for acute illness have higher mortality and longer hospital stays compared to those without dementia. Cognitive impairment (CI) is common in older people, and they may also be at increased risk of poor outcomes. Methods: retrospective observational study of unscheduled admissions aged ≥75 years. Admission characteristics, mortality rates and discharge outcomes were compared between three groups: (i) known dementia diagnosis (DD), (ii) CI but no diagnosis of dementia and (iii) no CI...
February 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338444/the-role-of-diet-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-review
#3
Sabrina Esposito, Simona Bonavita, Maddalena Sparaco, Antonio Gallo, Gioacchino Tedeschi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multifactorial, inflammatory, and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system, where environmental factors interact with genetic susceptibility. The role of diet on MS has not been comprehensively elucidated; therefore, through an extensive search of relevant literature, this review reports the most significant evidence regarding nutrition as a possible co-factor influencing the inflammatory cascade by acting on both its molecular pathways and gut microbiota. Since nutritional status and dietary habits in MS patients have not been extensively reported, the lack of a scientific-based consensus on dietary recommendation in MS could encourage many patients to experiment alternative dietetic regimens, increasing the risk of malnutrition...
March 24, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338158/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-duodenal-injury-and-fistula
#4
Kunmei Gong, Shikui Guo, Kunhua Wang
Duodenal injury is a serious abdominal organ injury. Duodenal fistula is one of the most serious complications in gastrointestinal surgery, which is concerned for its critical status, difficulty in treatment and high mortality. Thoracic and abdominal compound closed injury and a small part of open injury are common causes of duodenal injury. Iatrogenic or traumatic injury, malnutrition, cancer, tuberculosis, Crohn's disease etc. are common causes of duodenal fistula, however, there has been still lacking of ideal diagnosis and treatment by now...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338154/-experience-of-the-three-stage-strategy-for-intestinal-fistula-complicated-with-complex-abdominal-infection
#5
Qingchuan Zhao, Xuzhao Li, Xiaohua Li, Juan Wang
Intestinal fistula, as a serious complication after abdominal surgery, not only leads to a series of pathophysiological changes such as fluid loss, malnutrition and organ dysfunction, but also causes the severe abdominal infection, which often threatens the life of patients. How to make the diagnosis and give the treatment of intestinal fistula is the key to save the lives of high-risk patients. In our hospital, during the past course of diagnosis and treatment for intestinal fistula complicated with severe abdominal infection, based on the combination of literatures at home and abroad with our clinical experiences for many years, an effective three-stage prevention and treatment strategy was formed gradually, which included early diagnosis, effective treatment of infection source, open drainage of abdominal infection and early enteral nutrition support...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337150/alteration-in-taste-perception-in-cancer-causes-and-strategies-of-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Babar Murtaza, Aziz Hichami, Amira S Khan, François Ghiringhelli, Naim A Khan
The sense of taste is responsible for the detection and ingestion of food to cover energetic requirements in health and disease. The change in taste perception might lead to malnutrition that is usually one of the frequent causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer. In this review, we summarize the mechanisms of taste perception and how they are altered in cancer. We also address the question of the implication of inflammation, responsible for the alterations in taste modalities. We highlight the role of radio- and chemotherapy in the modulation of taste physiology...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337084/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-continuous-infusion-doripenem-in-a-pediatric-patient-on-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#7
Jeffrey J Cies, Wayne S Moore, Susan B Conley, Paul Shea, Adela Enache, Arun Chopra
An 11-year-old African American male with severe combined immunodeficiency variant, non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, pancreatic insufficiency, chronic mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection, chronic sinusitis, and malnutrition presented with a 1-week history of fevers. He subsequently developed respiratory decompensation and cefepime was discontinued and doripenem was initiated. Doripenem was the carbapenem used due to a national shortage of meropenem. By day 7 the patient (24.7 kg) had a positive fluid balance of 6925 mL (28% FO), and on days 7 into 8 developed acute kidney injury evidenced by an elevated serum creatinine of 0...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336110/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-as-a-prognosis-tool-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#8
Hae Su Kim, Ji Yun Lee, Sung Hee Lim, Jaewon Cho, Seok Jin Kim, Jun Ho Jang, Won Seog Kim, Chul Won Jung, Kihyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Disease-related weight loss is relatively common in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM), but limited data exist regarding the effects of nutritional status on survival. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between malnutrition (as measured by Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment [PG-SGA]) and clinical characteristics of patients with MM, and to investigate the association between the PG-SGA score before chemotherapy and overall survival in MM patients...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335490/monitoring-of-selected-health-indicators-in-children-living-in-a-copper-mine-development-area-in-northwestern-zambia
#9
Astrid M Knoblauch, Mark J Divall, Milka Owuor, Colleen Archer, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng'uni, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Jürg Utzinger, Mirko S Winkler
The epidemiology of malaria, anaemia and malnutrition in children is potentially altered in mining development areas. In a copper extraction project in northwestern Zambia, a health impact assessment (HIA) was commissioned to predict, manage and monitor health impacts. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted: at baseline prior to project development (2011) and at four years into development (2015). Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, anaemia and stunting were assessed in under-five-year-old children, while hookworm infection was assessed in children aged 9-14 years in communities impacted and comparison communities not impacted by the project...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334896/comment-on-whz-and-muac-for-diagnosis-of-severe-malnutrition-by-chiabi-a-et-al
#10
Michael H Golden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334893/a-new-score-for-screening-of-malnutrition-in-patients-with-inoperable-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#11
Ali Esfahani, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Mousa Ghayour Nahand, Zahra Fathifar, Akram Doostzadeh, Zohreh Ghoreishi
Background: Malnutrition is common in patients with gastric cancer. Early identification of malnourished patients results in improving quality of life. We aimed to assess the nutritional status of patients with inoperable gastric adenocarcinoma (IGA) and finding a precise malnutrition screening score for these patients before the onset of chemotherapy. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed using patient generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), visceral proteins, and high-sensitivity C reactive protein...
March 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334434/withdrawn-nutrition-support-for-bone-marrow-transplant-patients
#12
REVIEW
Susan M Murray, Sima Pindoria
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 2, 2002. Bone marrow transplantation involves administration of toxic chemotherapy and infusion of marrow cells. After treatment, patients can develop poor appetite, mucositis and gastrointestinal failure, leading to malnutrition. To prevent this, parenteral nutrition (PN) support is often first choice but is associated with increased risk of infection. Enteral nutrition (EN) is an alternative, as is addition of substrates...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333596/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria
#13
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016), representatives of the 4 largest global parenteral and enteral nutrition (PEN) societies from Europe (ESPEN), the United States (American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [ASPEN]), Asia (Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Asia [PENSA]), and Latin America (Latin American Federation of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [FELANPE]) and from national PEN societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, Texas (February 2016)...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333593/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, et al. CONSENSUS STATEMENT: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition: characteristics recommended for the identification and documentation of adult malnutrition (undernutrition). JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012;36:275-283. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0148607112440285 ).
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332268/comparison-between-direct-and-indirect-methods-to-diagnosis-of-malnutrition-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-haemodialysis-patients
#15
K P Balbino, A P S Epifânio, S M R Ribeiro, L D M da Silva, M G Gouvea, H H M Hermsdorff
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) by comparing nutritional risk scores with biochemical, anthropometric and body composition variables. METHODS: Eighty-five individuals [65.9% male, mean (SD) age 62 (14) years] participated in a cross-sectional study. Global Objective Assessment (GOA) and Modified Global Subjective Assessment (mGSA) scores, as well as biochemical, anthropometric and body composition data, were collected using standardised procedures...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332106/inadequate-gestational-weight-gain-predicts-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-mothers-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-results-from-a-prospective-us-pregnancy-cohort
#16
May-Bente Bengtson, Christopher F Martin, Geir Aamodt, Morten H Vatn, Uma Mahadevan
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and weight loss are common features of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM: To explore the impact of inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) on adverse outcomes among IBD mothers in the prospective US pregnancy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Neonatal Outcomes (PIANO) cohort. METHODS: The PIANO cohort comprises 559 and 363 pregnant mothers with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), respectively, enrolled between 2006 and 2014...
March 22, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331940/acute-thymic-involution-and-mechanisms-for-recovery
#17
REVIEW
Abdur Rahman Ansari, Huazhen Liu
Acute thymic involution (ATI) is usually regarded as a virulence trait. It is caused by several infectious agents (bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi) and other factors, including stress, pregnancy, malnutrition and chemotherapy. However, the complex mechanisms that operate during ATI differ substantially from each other depending on the causative agent. For instance, a transient reduction in the size and weight of the thymus and depletion of populations of T cell subsets are hallmarks of ATI in many cases, whereas severe disruption of the anatomical structure of the organ is also associated with some factors, including fungal, parasitic and viral infections...
March 22, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330812/molecular-evidence-for-differential-long-term-outcomes-of-early-life-severe-acute-malnutrition
#18
Allan Sheppard, Sherry Ngo, Xiaoling Li, Michael Boyne, Debbie Thompson, Anthony Pleasants, Peter Gluckman, Terrence Forrester
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in infants may present as one of two distinct syndromic forms: non-edematous (marasmus), with severe wasting and no nutritional edema; or edematous (kwashiorkor) with moderately severe wasting. These differences may be related to developmental changes prior to the exposure to SAM and phenotypic changes appear to persist into adulthood with differences between the two groups. We examined whether the different response to SAM and subsequent trajectories may be explained by developmentally-induced epigenetic differences...
March 8, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330562/zinc-biofortification-improves-phytochemicals-and-amino-acidic-profile-in-brassica-oleracea-cv-bronco
#19
Yurena Barrameda-Medina, Begoña Blasco, Marco Lentini, Sergio Esposito, Nieves Baenas, Diego A Moreno, Juan M Ruiz
Zn deficiency is currently listed as a major risk factor for human health. Recently, a complimentary solution to mineral malnutrition termed 'biofortification' has been proposed. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of a Zn-biofortification program on Zn levels, amino acidic profile and the phytochemicals content in an edible leafy vegetable, such as Brassica oleracea cv. Bronco. Our results indicate that supplementation of 80-100μM Zn is optimal for maintaining the normal growth of plants and to promote the major Zn concentration in the edible part of B...
May 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329726/folate-biofortification-in-food-crops
#20
REVIEW
Simon Strobbe, Dominique Van Der Straeten
Folates are essential vitamins in the human diet. Folate deficiency is still very common, provoking disorders such as birth defects and anemia. Biofortification via metabolic engineering is a proven powerful means to alleviate folate malnutrition. A variety of metabolic engineering approaches have been successfully implemented in different crops and tissues. Furthermore, ensuring folate stability is crucial for long-term storage of crop products. However, the current strategies, shown to be successful in rice and tomato, will need to be fine-tuned to enable adequate biofortification of other staples such as potato, wheat and cassava...
March 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
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