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Stella Koutros, Petra Lenz, Stephen M Hewitt, Masatoshi Kida, Michael Jones, Alan R Schned, Dalsu Baris, Ruth Pfeiffer, Molly Schwenn, Alison Johnson, Margaret R Karagas, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Nathaniel Rothman, Lee E Moore, Debra T Silverman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Sara Montserrat-Sangrà, Laura Ordeix, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Laia Solano-Gallego
Canine leishmaniosis has a wide range of disease severity from mild (stage I), to severe (stages II-III), or very severe disease (stage IV). The objective of the study was to evaluate and compare serum antibody levels, Leishmania infantum specific IFN-γ production and TLR2 and TLR4 transcripts in non-stimulated blood from dogs with different clinical stages at the time of diagnosis as well as blood parasitemia. Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISAs) were performed to determine serum antibody levels and IFN-γ production and quantitative polymerase chain reaction ( q PCRs) in order to determine blood parasite load and TLR2 and TLR4 transcripts...
March 16, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
Ignacio Aznar-Lou, Anton Pottegård, Ana Fernández, María Teresa Peñarrubia-María, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Ramón Sabés-Figuera, Montserrat Gil-Girbau, Marta Fajó-Pascual, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Maria Rubio-Valera
OBJECTIVE: Copayment policies aim to reduce the burden of medication expenditure but may affect adherence and generate inequities in access to healthcare. The objective was to evaluate the impact of two copayment measures on initial medication non-adherence (IMNA) in several medication groups and by income level. DESIGN: A population-based study was conducted using real-world evidence. SETTING: Primary care in Catalonia (Spain) where two separate copayment measures (fixed copayment and coinsurance) were introduced between 2011 and 2013...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
Álvaro de Mingo Pulido, Estefanía de Gregorio, Shilpi Chandra, Anna Colell, Albert Morales, Mitchell Kronenberg, Montserrat Marí
Natural killer T (NKT) cells exhibit a specific tissue distribution, displaying the liver the highest NKT/conventional T cell ratio. Upon antigen stimulation, NKT cells secrete Th1 cytokines, including interferon γ (IFNγ), and Th2 cytokines, including IL-4 that recruit and activate other innate immune cells to exacerbate inflammatory responses in the liver. Cysteine cathepsins control hepatic inflammation by regulating κB-dependent gene expression. However, the contribution of cysteine cathepsins other than Cathepsin S to NKT cell activation has remained largely unexplored...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Michael Hallek, Bruce D Cheson, Daniel Catovsky, Federico Caligaris-Cappio, Guillermo Dighiero, Hartmut Döhner, Peter Hillmen, Michael Keating, Emili Montserrat, Nicholas Chiorazzi, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Kanti R Rai, John C Byrd, Barbara Eichhorst, Susan O'Brien, Tadeusz Robak, John F Seymour, Thomas J Kipps
In 2008, International Workshop on CLL (iwCLL) published consensus guidelines for the design and conduct of clinical trials for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) that were revised from those previously published by the National Cancer Institute-sponsored Working Group. These guidelines provided definitions intended to standardize the assessment of patients that were adopted by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the evaluation of new drugs. Since the publication of these guidelines there have been major advances in the biology and treatment of patients with CLL, prompting the iwCLL to evaluate and revise the 2008 criteria...
March 14, 2018: Blood
Ioana Rusu, Alessandra Modi, Stefania Vai, Elena Pilli, Cristina Mircea, Claudia Radu, Claudia Urduzia, Zeno Karl Pinter, Vitalie Bodolică, Cătălin Dobrinescu, Montserrat Hervella, Octavian Popescu, Martina Lari, David Caramelli, Beatrice Kelemen
Given the paucity of archaeogenetic data available for medieval European populations in comparison to other historical periods, the genetic landscape of this age appears as a puzzle of dispersed, small, known pieces. In particular, Southeastern Europe has been scarcely investigated to date. In this paper, we report the study of mitochondrial DNA in 10th century AD human samples from Capidava necropolis, located in Dobruja (Southeastern Romania, Southeastern Europe). This geographical region is particularly interesting because of the extensive population flux following diverse migration routes, and the complex interactions between distinct population groups during the medieval period...
2018: PloS One
Joaquin Escribano, Natalia Ferré, Mariona Gispert-Llaurado, Veronica Luque, Carmen Rubio-Torrents, Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Isabel Polanco, Francisco M Codoñer, Empar Chenoll, Mireia Morera, Jose Antonio Moreno Muñoz, Montserrat Rivero, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo
BACKGROUND: Intestinal microbiota of breast-fed infants is plenty of beneficial bifidobacteria. We aimed to determine whether an infant formula supplemented with probiotic Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis CECT7210 (B. infantis IM1®) is effective at reducing diarrhoea incidence in healthy term infants. METHODS: Double-blinded, randomized, multicentre, controlled clinical trial, where formula-fed infants (<3 months) received an infant formula supplemented (Probiotic) or not (Control) with 107 cfu/g of B...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Montserrat Diaz, Mar Llorente, Victor Asensi
Thomas Malthus (1766-1834), distinguished English professor, is the father of modern demography and the most famous harelip carrier of history. Much is known of his orofacial cleft but nothing regarding its mysterious surgical correction. An 1833 portrait of Malthus by John Linnell, finished when he considered himself "handsome enough," for sitting does not show any upper lip scar. When this surgery took place? Although technically feasible in the 19th century, surgery of cleft lip and palate was complicated...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Aurelio Vazquez de la Torre, Marina Gay, Sílvia Vilaprinyó-Pascual, Roberta Mazzucato, Montserrat Serra-Batiste, Marta Vilaseca, Natalia Carulla
Brain-derived amyloid-β (Aβ) dimers are associated with Alzheimer´s disease (AD). However, their covalent nature remains controversial. This feature is relevant, as a covalent cross-link would make brain-derived dimers (brain dimers) more synaptotoxic than Aβ monomers and would make them suitable candidates for biomarker development. To resolve this controversy, we here present a three-step approach. First, we validated a type of synthetic cross-linked Aβ (CL Aβ) dimers, obtained by means of the photo-induced cross-linking of unmodified proteins (PICUP) reaction, as well-defined mimics of putative brain CL Aβ dimers...
March 14, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Marla G Leal-Cervantes, Sofía M Arvizu-Medrano, Ramón Martínez-Peniche, Nanci E Martínez-Gonzáles, Montserrat Hernández-Iturriaga
Multiple outbreaks related to Salmonella in tomatoes require an evaluation of the risk associated with cherry tomatoes due to the increase in its production, consumption, and marketing in Mexico's central region. The purpose of this study was to determine the microbial quality of cherry tomatoes obtained from two retail sale points (supermarkets and local markets). Cherry tomato samples (333) were collected from four supermarkets and from four local markets, and the contents of aerobic plate count, molds and yeasts, total coliforms, and Escherichia coli were quantified; the presence of Salmonella was simultaneously determined...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Oscar Cabeza, Luisa Segade, Montserrat Domínguez-Pérez, Esther Rilo, David Ausín, Anna Martinelli, Negin Yaghini, Bernhard Gollas, Manfred Kriechbaum, Olga Russina, Alessandro Triolo, Elena López-Lago, Luis M Varela
This paper extends the study of the induced temperature change in the mesostructure and in the physical properties occurring in aqueous mixtures of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium octyl-sulfate [EMIm][OSO4 ]. For some compositions, these mixtures undergo a phase transition between the liquid (isotropic in the mesoscale) and the mesomorphic state (lyotropic liquid crystalline) at about room temperature. The behavior of mixtures doped with a divalent metal sulfate was investigated in order to observe their applicability as electrolytes...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Laura Burgueño Torres, María Rosa Mourelle Martínez, Montserrat Diéguez Pérez, Joaquín M de Nova García
AIM: To analyse differences in the eruption of primary teeth between both sexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a sample of 1250 children aged between 3 and 42 months. The clinical emergence of teeth was taken to estimate average ages for primary teeth eruption. The t-test was used to analyse gender and arch differences. RESULTS: Eruption of primary teeth began at the same time in girls as in boys; although the eruptive process was longer in girls...
March 14, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Oscar Murcia, Rodrigo Jover, Cecilia M Egoavil, Miriam Juarez, Lucia Perez-Carbonell, Eva Hernández-Illán, Estefanía Rojas, Cristina Alenda, Francesc Balaguer, Montserrat Andreu, Xavier Llor, Antoni Castells, C Richard Boland, Ajay Goel
PURPOSE: A recent study reported that 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-based chemotherapy is less effective in treating advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients demonstrating hypermethylation of TFAP2E gene. The aim of our study was to confirm and validate these findings in large, uniformly treated, well-characterized patient cohorts. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Two cohorts of 783 CRC patients: 532 from a population-based, multicenter cohort (EPICOLON I) and 251 patients from a clinic-based trial were used to study the effectiveness of TFAP2E methylation and expression as a predictor of response of CRC patients to 5FU-based chemotherapy...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Enrique Morales, Marina Alonso, Beatriz Sarmiento, Montserrat Morales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Takenobu Ishii, Montserrat Ruiz-Torruella, Atsushi Ikeda, Satoru Shindo, Alexandru Movila, Hani Mawardi, Abdullah Albassam, Rayyan A Kayal, Ayman A Al-Dharrab, Kenji Egashira, Wichaya Wisitrasameewong, Kenta Yamamoto, Abdulghani I Mira, Kenji Sueishi, Xiaozhe Han, Martin A Taubman, Takeshi Miyamoto, Toshihisa Kawai
Cell fusion-mediated formation of multinuclear osteoclasts (OCs) plays a key role in bone resorption. It is reported that 2 unique OC-specific fusogens [ i.e., OC-stimulatory transmembrane protein (OC-STAMP) and dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP)], and permissive fusogen CD9, are involved in OC fusion. Contrast to DC-STAMP of which knockout (KO) mice show osteopetrotic phenotype, OC-STAMP-KO mice show no difference in systemic bone mineral density. Nonetheless, according to the ligature-induced periodontitis model, significantly lower level of bone resorption was found in OC-STAMP-KO mice compared to WT mice...
March 13, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
David de la Rosa Carrillo, Rodrigo Athanazio, Rosa Maria Girón Moreno, Luis Máiz Carro, Casilda Olveira, Javier de Gracia, Montserrat Vendrell, Concepción Prados Sánchez, Georgina Gramblicka, Monica Corso Pereira, Fernando Lundgren, Mara Fernandes De Figueiredo, Francisco Arancibia, Samia Rached, Miguel-Angel Martínez-Garcia
Both FACED and E-FACED scores have shown good short-term prognostic value for predicting mortality in bronchiectasis
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
Rosa M Pintó, Francisco-Javier Pérez-Rodríguez, Lucia D' Andrea, Montserrat de Castellarnau, Susana Guix, Albert Bosch
Codon usage bias is universal to all genomes. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) codon usage is highly biased and deoptimized with respect to its host. Accordingly, HAV is unable to induce cellular translational shutoff and its internal ribosome entry site (IRES) is inefficient. Codon usage deoptimization may be seen as a hawk (host cell) versus dove (HAV) game strategy for accessing transfer RNA (tRNA). HAV avoids use of abundant host cell codons and thereby eludes competition for the corresponding tRNAs. Instead, codons that are abundant or rare in cellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are used relatively rarely in its genome, although intermediately abundant host cell codons are abundant in the viral genome...
March 12, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Montserrat Romera Baures
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Onintza Garmendia, Monique C Suarez-Giron, Marta Torres, Josep M Montserrat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Nuria Alcubierre, Esmeralda Castelblanco, Montserrat Martínez-Alonso, Minerva Granado-Casas, Aureli Esquerda, Alicia Traveset, Dolores Martinez-Gonzalez, Josep Franch-Nadal, Didac Mauricio
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study, we assessed the possible association of vitamin D deficiency with self-reported treatment satisfaction and health-related quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We performed a sub-analysis of a previous study and included a total of 292 type 2 diabetic patients. We evaluated treatment satisfaction and health-related quality of life through specific tools: the Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life...
March 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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