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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926645/association-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Francesca L Facco, Corette B Parker, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Matthew A Koch, Judette M Louis, Robert C Basner, Judith H Chung, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Grace W Pien, Susan Redline, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Daniel Mobley, Shannon Hunter, George R Saade, Frank P Schubert, Phyllis C Zee
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy is a risk factor for the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, nulliparous women underwent in-home sleep-disordered breathing assessments in early (6-15 weeks of gestation) and midpregnancy (22-31 weeks of gestation). Participants and health care providers were blinded to the sleep test results...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925858/physical-activity-contributes-to-several-sleep-cardiometabolic-health-relationships
#2
Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Michael C Riddell, Chris I Ardern
PURPOSE: To estimate the contribution of accelerometer-derived physical activity to the relationship between sleep and cardiometabolic health. METHODS: Data from the 2005 to 2006 US National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey were used (N = 1226; 20 years+). Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined by the Joint Interim Statement, and sleep quality and quantity by the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire. Physical activity intensities were defined by activity thresholds (counts per minute) as sedentary activity (0-99), light intensity (100-759), lifestyle activity (760-2019), moderate intensity (2020-5996), and vigorous intensity (≥5999)...
December 7, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924661/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy-the-maternal-and-fetal-implications
#3
Shanthi Carnelio, Adam Morton, H David McIntyre
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) which includes obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS), has emerged as a risk factor for adverse maternal-foetal outcomes in pregnancy. Physiological changes of pregnancy predispose a woman 'at risk' towards developing SDB. The increasing incidence of OSA in pregnancy closely correlates with the population trends of obesity. Common screening tools validated in non-pregnant subjects including Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) are poor predictors of SDB in pregnancy...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924350/-use-of-intracutaneous-or-subcutaneous-botulinum-toxin-for-postherpetic-neuralgia
#4
L Halb, B J Amann, H Bornemann-Cimenti
BACKGROUND: Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), a toxin of the anaerobic spore-forming bacterium Clostridium botulinum is used as a drug for alleviating muscle spasticity. Other indications include the cosmetic application in facial muscles, hyperhidrosis and neurogenic bladder disorders. It has been approved since 2010 as the first prophylactic treatment for chronic migraine. The analgesic effect of BoNT was observed early on and is currently the subject of intensive research. Painful postherpetic neuralgia is a common complication of an infection with herpes zoster virus...
December 6, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924144/sleep-disturbances-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-comparative-study-with-healthy-siblings
#5
Sreelakshmi Vaidyanathan, Henal Shah, Tejas Gayal
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances in children with ADHD impact their functioning and overall Quality of Life. This paper's purpose is to study the occurrence of sleep disturbances in children with ADHD, in comparison to their healthy siblings and further, within the ADHD group, to look for correlation between sleep disturbances and age, severity of symptoms, presentations of ADHD and illness parameters. METHODS: The parents of 120 children of age group between 5-16 years, (60 children diagnosed with ADHD as per DSM-5 criteria and 60 of their healthy siblings) consecutively enrolled from a hospital's Child Psychiatry Outpatient services were interviewed using Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and severity of ADHD symptoms was rated using ADHD - RS...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923646/role-of-the-allergist-immunologist-and-upper-airway-allergy-in-sleep-disordered-breathing
#6
Dennis Shusterman, Fuad M Baroody, Timothy Craig, Samuel Friedlander, Talal Nsouli, Bernard Silverman
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing in general and obstructive sleep apnea in particular are commonly encountered conditions in allergy practice. Physiologically, nasal (or nasopharyngeal) obstruction from rhinitis, nasal polyposis, or adenotonsillar hypertrophy are credible contributors to snoring and nocturnal respiratory obstructive events. Nevertheless, existing practice parameters largely relegate the role of the allergist to adjunctive treatment in cases of continuous positive airway pressure intolerance...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923426/periodic-limb-movements-during-sleep-mimicking-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#7
Carles Gaig, Alex Iranzo, Montserrat Pujo, Hernando Perez, Joan Santamaria
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe a group of patients referredbecause of abnormal sleep behaviors that were suggestive ofREM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in whom videopolysomnographyruled out RBD and showed the reportedbehaviors associated with vigorous periodic limb movementsduring sleep (PLMS). METHODS: Clinical history and video-polysomnography reviewof patients identified during routine visits in a sleepcenter. RESULTS: Patients were fifteen men and two women with a median age of 66 (range 48-77) years...
November 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923425/sleep-disturbances-in-individuals-with-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-correlation-with-caregivers-sleep-quality-and-daytime-functioning
#8
Della Bro, Ruth O'Hara, Michelle Primeau, Andrea Hanson-Kahn, Joachim Hallmayer, Jonathan A Bernstein
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were: to document sleep disturbances in individuals with Phelan-McDermid syndrome, to assess whether these individuals had been evaluated for sleep disorders, and to examine relationships between the sleep behavior of these individuals and the sleep behavior and daytime functioning of their caregivers. METHODS: Participants were 193 caregivers of individuals with Phelan-McDermid Syndrome recruited by the Phelan-McDermid Syndrome Foundation...
November 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923423/comparison-between-automatic-and-visual-scorings-of-rem-sleep-without-atonia-for-the-diagnosis-of-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-in-parkinson-disease
#9
Michela Figorilli, Raffaele Ferri, Maurizio Zibetti, Patricia Beudin, Monica Puligheddu, Leonardo Lopiano, Alessandro Cicolin, Frank Durif, Ana Marques, Maria Livia Fantini
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare three different methods, two visual and one automatic, for the quantification of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep without atonia (RSWA) in the diagnosis of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients with idiopathic PD underwent videopolysomnographic recording and showed more than 5 minutes of REM sleep. The electromyogram (EMG) during REM sleep was analyzed by means of two visual methods (Montréal and SINBAR) and one automatic analysis (REM Atonia Index or RAI)...
November 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923267/sleep-and-processing-of-trauma-memories
#10
Ihori Kobayashi, Thomas A Mellman, Duaa Altaee, Mary Katherine Howell, Joseph Lavela
Sleep has been implicated in learning processes that appear to underlie recovery from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The importance of quality and timing of sleep following exposure-based therapies has been suggested. The present study evaluated relationships between sleep and adaptive emotional processing following written narrative exposure (WNE) to memories of traumatic events experienced by participants with clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Participants included 21 urban-residing nontreatment-seeking adults with full or subthreshold symptoms of PTSD who completed 4 sessions of 30-min WNE with the first session either in the evening or the morning...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923092/sleep-wake-disorders
#11
Christopher C Muth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922725/resilience-and-traumatic-brain-injury-among-iraq-afghanistan-war-veterans-differential-patterns-of-adjustment-and-quality-of-life
#12
Timothy R Elliott, Yu-Yu Hsiao, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Oi-Man Kwok, Sandra B Morissette
OBJECTIVE: We examined the degree to which a resilient personality prototype predicted adjustment among war Veterans with and without a traumatic brain injury (TBI) while covarying the level of combat exposure. METHOD: A total of 127 war Veterans (107 men, 20 women; average age = 37 years) participated. Personality prototypes were derived from the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (Patrick, Curtain, & Tellegen, 2002). Measures were administered at baseline, and a subset was administered at 4- and 8-month follow-ups...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922603/digital-footprints-facilitating-large-scale-environmental-psychiatric-research-in-naturalistic-settings-through-data-from-everyday-technologies
#13
N Bidargaddi, P Musiat, V-P Makinen, M Ermes, G Schrader, J Licinio
Digital footprints, the automatically accumulated by-products of our technology-saturated lives, offer an exciting opportunity for psychiatric research. The commercial sector has already embraced the electronic trails of customers as an enabling tool for guiding consumer behaviour, and analogous efforts are ongoing to monitor and improve the mental health of psychiatric patients. The untargeted collection of digital footprints that may or may not be health orientated comprises a large untapped information resource for epidemiological scale research into psychiatric disorders...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922195/the-neuropeptide-cortistatin-attenuates-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis-via-inhibition-of-cardiomyogenic-t-cell-driven-inflammatory-responses
#14
Virginia Delgado-Maroto, Clara P Falo, Irene Forte-Lago, Norma Adan, Maria Morell, Elena Maganto-Garcia, Gema Robledo, Francisco O'Valle, Andrew H Lichtman, Elena Gonzalez-Rey, Mario Delgado
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myocarditis is an inflammatory and autoimmune cardiovascular disease that causes dilated myocardiopathy and is responsible of high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cortistatin is a neuropeptide produced by neurons and cells of immune and vascular systems. Besides its action in locomotor activity and sleep, cortistatin inhibits inflammation in different experimental models of autoimmune diseases. However, its role in inflammatory cardiovascular disorders is unexplored...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922144/sleep-patterns-and-dysfunctions-in-children-with-learning-problems
#15
Ramkumar Aishworiya, Po Fun Chan, Jennifer Sh Kiing, Shang Chee Chong, Stacey Kh Tay
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the sleep patterns and dysfunctions in children with learning problems in comparison against a local population-based sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 200 children with learning problems and 372 parents of a local population-based sample of typically developing (TD) children were recruited to complete a questionnaire on their child's sleep patterns and sleep problems. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) is a validated parent-reported sleep screening questionnaire that contains 54 items identifying sleep behaviours in children...
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921430/-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Andrea Plíhalová, Kateřina Westlake, Jan Polák
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSA) is a disease very frequently occurring in people with type 2 diabetes, that significantly increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In a number of studies, OSA has been identified as an independent risk factor for the development of insulin resistance, glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Disorders of glucose homeostasis in patients with OSA are probably mediated by chronic intermittent hypoxia and/or sleep fragmentation through activation of the sympathetic nervous system, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis, pro-inflammatory paths or oxidative stress...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920726/hrvanalysis-a-free-software-for-analyzing-cardiac-autonomic-activity
#17
Vincent Pichot, Frédéric Roche, Sébastien Celle, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Florian Chouchou
Since the pioneering studies of the 1960s, heart rate variability (HRV) has become an increasingly used non-invasive tool for examining cardiac autonomic functions and dysfunctions in various populations and conditions. Many calculation methods have been developed to address these issues, each with their strengths and weaknesses. Although, its interpretation may remain difficult, this technique provides, from a non-invasive approach, reliable physiological information that was previously inaccessible, in many fields including death and health prediction, training and overtraining, cardiac and respiratory rehabilitation, sleep-disordered breathing, large cohort follow-ups, children's autonomic status, anesthesia, or neurophysiological studies...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920586/the-relation-between-sleep-and-weight-in-a-suburban-sleep-center-observations-and-speculations-on-apnea-and-weight
#18
Robert G Hooper
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and body weight is not clearly established. In order to describe the relationship of weight and OSA severity seen in a suburban sleep center, an observational review was performed of initial diagnostic polysomnograms (PSGs) ordered on patients with American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) symptomatic indications. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: Initial, full-night diagnostic or initial split-night (diagnostic portion) PSGs performed for any indication on patients >18 years old were retrospectively reviewed for a two year period...
2016: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920540/treatment-cost-of-narcolepsy-with-cataplexy-in-central-europe
#19
Petra Maresova, Michal Novotny, Blanka Klímová, Kamil Kuča
BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy is a lifelong, rare neurological sleep disorder characterized by chronic, excessive attacks of daytime sleepiness. This disease is often extremely incapacitating, interfering with every aspect of life, in work and social settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to specify the treatment costs of patients in Central Europe (Czech Republic), while the attention is mainly paid to the drugs that were fully or partially covered by public health insurance...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920092/definition-discrimination-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-central-breathing-disturbances-during-sleep
#20
Winfried Randerath, Johan Verbraecken, Stefan Andreas, Michael Arzt, Konrad E Bloch, Thomas Brack, Bertien Buyse, Wilfried De Backer, Danny Joel Eckert, Ludger Grote, Lars Hagmeyer, Jan Hedner, Poul Jennum, Maria Teresa La Rovere, Carla Miltz, Walter T McNicholas, Josep Montserrat, Matthew Naughton, Jean-Louis Pepin, Dirk Pevernagie, Bernd Sanner, Dries Testelmans, Thomy Tonia, Bart Vrijsen, Peter Wijkstra, Patrick Levy
The complexity of central breathing disturbances during sleep has become increasingly obvious. They present as central sleep apnoeas (CSAs) and hypopnoeas, periodic breathing with apnoeas, or irregular breathing in patients with cardiovascular, other internal or neurological disorders, and can emerge under positive airway pressure treatment or opioid use, or at high altitude. As yet, there is insufficient knowledge on the clinical features, pathophysiological background and consecutive algorithms for stepped-care treatment...
December 5, 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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