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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#1
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341314/chronic-sleep-reduction-in-adolescents-clinical-cut-off-scores-for-the-chronic-sleep-reduction-questionnaire-csrq
#2
Julia F Dewald-Kaufmann, Eduard J Bruin, Marcel Smits, Bonne J H Zijlstra, Frans J Oort, Anne Marie Meijer
The Chronic Sleep Reduction Questionnaire is a validated questionnaire that measures symptoms of prolonged insufficient and/or poor sleep and therefore accounts for individuals' sleep need and sleep debt. This study extends its psychometric properties by providing cut-off scores, using a matched sample of 298 healthy adolescents (15.38 ± 1.63 years, 37.9% male, mean Chronic Sleep Reduction Questionnaire score: 32.98 ± 6.51) and 298 adolescents with insomnia/delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (15.48 ± 1...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340766/wanted-a%C3%A2-better-cut-off-value-for-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale
#3
Karin Trimmel, Magdalena Żebrowska, Marion Böck, Andrijana Stefanic, Daniel Mayer, Gerhard Klösch, Eduard Auff, Stefan Seidel
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is the main complaint in many neurological sleep disorders, such as idiopathic hypersomnia, narcolepsy, or obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAS). The validity of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) as a screening tool for EDS remains controversial. We therefore investigated (1) the interrelation of the ESS total score and the mean sleep latency (MSL) during the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) and (2) the diagnostic accuracy of the ESS total score to detect EDS in patients with the chief complaint of subjective EDS...
January 16, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340495/validation-of-the-stop-bang-questionnaire-as-a-means-of-screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-adults-in-brazil
#4
Ricardo Luiz de Menezes Duarte, Lorena Barbosa de Moraes Fonseca, Flavio José Magalhães-da-Silveira, Erika Aparecida da Silveira, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Portuguese-language version of the STOP-Bang (acronym for Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender) questionnaire, culturally adapted for use in Brazil, as a means of screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults. METHODS: In this validation study, we enrolled patients ≥ 18 years of age, recruited between May of 2015 and November of 2016. All patients completed the STOP-Bang questionnaire and underwent overnight polysomnography...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339545/perioperative-implementation-of-noninvasive-positive-airway-pressure-therapies
#5
REVIEW
David R Hillman, Carla R Jungquist, Dennis Auckley
Noninvasively applied positive airway pressure therapy (PAP) is available in 3 basic modes: continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), bi-level positive airway pressure (BPAP), and adaptive servo-ventilation. These are in widespread use in home and hospital settings to treat a variety of disorders of ventilation or gas exchange, including obstructive sleep apnea, sleep-related hypoventilation, periodic breathing, acute and chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure, and acute respiratory failure. They are increasingly being used perioperatively to prevent or treat upper airway obstruction, hypoventilation, and periodic breathing, and they have been found to improve postoperative outcomes in the case of obstructive sleep apnea...
January 16, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339309/late-chronotype-is-associated-with-enhanced-amygdala-reactivity-and-reduced-fronto-limbic-functional-connectivity-to-fearful-versus-happy-facial-expressions
#6
Charlotte Mary Horne, Ray Norbury
Increasing evidence suggests late chronotype individuals are at increased risk of developing depression. However, the underlying neural mechanisms that confer risk are not fully understood. Here, fifty healthy, right-handed individuals without a current or previous diagnosis of depression, family history of depression or sleep disorder underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI). Participants completed an implicit emotion processing task (gender discrimination) including happy and fearful facial expressions...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#7
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339206/objective-sleep-measures-in-subacute-stroke-inpatients-associated-with-levels-and-improvements-in-activities-of-daily-living
#8
Ren-Jing Huang, Ching-Hsiang Lai, Shin-Da Lee, Fang-Yu Pai, Shen-Wen Chang, Ai-Hui Chung, Yi-Fang Chang, Hua Ting
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether objective polysomnographic measures of prevalent sleep problems such as sleep-disordered-breathing (SDB) and insomnia are associated with activities of daily living levels in inpatients at rehabilitation units DESIGN: Retrospective and observational study SETTING: Single rehabilitation center PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-three enrolled subacute stroke inpatients (61.6 ± 13.1 years; 23.8 ± 3.4 kg/m2; 33% female; 90.5 ± 36.7 days post-stroke) underwent a one-night polysomnography study and one-month-long inpatient rehabilitation program...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338964/validation-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-in-a-sample-of-greek-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#9
A Mavroudi, E-A Chrysochoou, R J Boyle, G Trypsianis, I Xinias, D Cassimos, G Imvrios, M Katotomichelakis, A Karagiannidou, N Karantaglis, G Kourentas, J O Warner
BACKGROUND: Obstructive respiratory disorders, such as allergic rhinitis and asthma may impair sleep quality. The aim of this study is to validate the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) for Greek children from 6 to 14 years of age. No validated tool has been developed so far to assess sleep disturbances in Greek school-aged children. METHODS: We examined the reliability and validity of the CSHQ in a sample of children with allergic rhinitis (AR) and a non-clinical population of parents of these children as a proxy measure of children's AR quality of life (QoL) as evaluated by the Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis Quality of Life (PedARQoL) questionnaire...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338843/current-status-of-animal-models-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-behavioral-and-biological-phenotypes-and-future-challenges-in-improving-translation
#10
REVIEW
Jessica Deslauriers, Mate Toth, Andre Der-Avakian, Victoria B Risbrough
Increasing predictability of animal models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has required active collaboration between clinical and preclinical scientists. Modeling PTSD is challenging, as it is a heterogeneous disorder with ≥20 symptoms. Clinical research increasingly utilizes objective biological measures (e.g., imaging, peripheral biomarkers) or nonverbal behaviors and/or physiological responses to complement verbally reported symptoms. This shift toward more-objectively measurable phenotypes enables refinement of current animal models of PTSD, and it supports the incorporation of homologous measures across species...
November 20, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338120/the-association-between-different-features-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-blood-pressure-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Shayan Khoshkish, Mathias Hohl, Benedikt Linz, Michael Arzt, Felix Mahfoud, Mathias Baumert, Jakob Schöpe, Michael Böhm, Dominik Linz
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in patients with high blood pressure (BP). Severity of SDB can be evaluated by the number of apneas and hypopneas per hour (AHI) or by measures of hypoxia. The objective of this study was to assess the association between different measures of SDB and BP. In 134 consecutive patients, polygraphy was performed to determine the AHI. Pulse oximetry was used to determine hypoxemic burden (time below 90% oxygen saturation [T90] and hypoxia load [HL], representing the integrated area above the curve of desaturation)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337458/-pulmonary-diseases-asthma-copd-and-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#12
Béatrice Duxbury, Émilie Chappuis-Gisin, Salim Chucri, Jean-Paul Janssens
Among the novelties described in the management of pulmonary disorders during the year 2017, we chose to describe three. First, the indication for inhaled glucocorticosteroids (ICS) in COPD has been revisited, because of their relationship with an increased occurence of pneumonia : ICS are now recommended only in severe COPD (GOLD D) with frequent exacerbations as second line treatment. Secondly, azithromycine has shown very promising results in poorly controlled severe asthma, with a significant impact on symptoms and exacerbations...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337407/insufficient-sleep-syndrome-an-unrecognized-but-important-clinical-entity
#13
Jun Kohyama, Yuki Anzai, Makoto Ono, Ai Kishino, Keita Tamanuki, Kazuma Takada, Kento Inoue, Maho Horiuchi, Yoshiho Hatai
BACKGROUND: In the Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Centre, a sleep clinic for adults and children was established in August 2012. As few sleep clinics are available in Japan that are specifically for children, this clinic provides the opportunity to provide data on child patients who have been suffering from sleep problems and who visited the sleep clinic. METHODS: Records of patients who visited the sleep clinic at the Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Centre at the age of 20 years or younger on their first visit were retrospectively examined, and their initial and final diagnoses were examined...
January 16, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334283/effects-of-an-exercise-program-on-the-physiological-biological-and-psychological-profiles-in-patients-with-mood-disorders-a-pilot-study
#14
Mario Leone, Daniel Lalande, Linda Thériault, Émilia Kalinova, Audrey Fortin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of an 8-week physical training program on physiological, biological and psychological profiles in individual with mood disorders. METHODS: Seven patients participated in the study. Patients were trained twice weekly (75 min/session) for 8 weeks. The training program aimed to improve muscular and cardiorespiratory reserves as well as functional capacity. Bioassays were also measured (lipid profile, blood glucose and cortisol)...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333582/outpatient-erbium-yag-2940%C3%A2-nm-laser-treatment-for-snoring-a-prospective-study-on-40-patients
#15
Isabelle Fini Storchi, Steven Parker, Francesca Bovis, Stefano Benedicenti, Andrea Amaroli
Snoring is a sleep phenomenon due to the partial upper airway obstruction during sleep which causes vibration of the tissues of the rhino-oro-hypopharynx and less frequently the larynx. This study evaluated the use and effectiveness of the erbium:YAG 2940-nm laser as an adjunctive in providing treatment for patients suffering from chronic snoring-related sleep disorders. A prospective study of 40 consecutive patients with snoring and sleep disorders was performed, assessing data before and after three Er:YAG laser treatment sessions...
January 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333370/the-efficacy-of-oral-habit-modification-on-headache
#16
Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini, Nafiseh Sheykhbahaei, Iraj Mirzaii-Dizgah, Farzad Fatehi
Objectives: Headache is the most common complaint of patients suffering from temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). Thus, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) examinations maybe necessary in patients with headache. Considering the high prevalence of bruxism and TMDs in patients with headache the effects of conservative TMD treatment on headache should be assessed. Materials and Methods: Patients were questioned about headaches in the past three months. Those responding affirmatively to this question were examined for TMD and bruxism...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332862/using-relaxation-techniques-to-improve-sleep-during-naps
#17
Eden Debellemaniere, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Mégane Erblang, Rodolphe Dorey, Michel Genot, Edith Perreaut-Pierre, André Pisani, Laurent Rocco, Fabien Sauvet, Damien Léger, Arnaud Rabat, Mounir Chennaoui
Insufficient sleep is a common occurrence in occupational settings (e.g. doctors, drivers, soldiers). The resulting sleep debt can lead to daytime sleepiness, fatigue, mood disorder, and cognitive deficits as well as altered vascular, immune and inflammatory responses. Short daytime naps have been shown to be effective at counteracting negative outcomes related to sleep debt with positive effects on daytime sleepiness and performance after a normal or restricted night of sleep in laboratory settings. However, the environmental settings in the workplace and the emotional state of workers are generally not conducive to beneficial effects...
January 13, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332680/sleep-disorders-pregnancy-possibility-of-decreasing-preterm-births
#18
EDITORIAL
Joseph Ojile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332673/prevalence-and-comorbidity-of-sleep-conditions-in-australian-adults-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#19
Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Carol J Lang, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Nigel P Stocks, David A González-Chica, Robert J Adams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sleep conditions (obstructive sleep apnea [OSA], insomnia symptoms, simple snoring, and restless legs) and their associated burden of chronic conditions in a community sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, N = 1011. MEASUREMENTS: A cross-sectional national online survey assessed diagnosed OSA, OSA symptoms, insomnia symptoms, sleep problems, excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥11), and physician-diagnosed health conditions (heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, reflux disease, lung disease, depression, anxiety/panic disorder, arthritis)...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332107/the-sleep-architecture-of-saudi-arabian-patients-with-kleine-levin-syndrome
#20
Saad M Al Shareef, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Omeima Hammad, Richard M Smith, Ahmed S BaHammam
To establish baseline sleep architecture during an acute attack of Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) in a cohort of Saudi Arabian KLS patients and compare these characteristics with other published cohorts. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of the polysomnographic characteristics of 10 typical symptomatic Saudi Arabian KLS patients attending the University Sleep Disorders Center, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between 2002 and 2015. Data were captured by nocturnal polysomnography during an acute attack of hypersomnia and compared with other published cohorts identified via a systematic literature search...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
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