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"Daily physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149912/trial-to-incentivise-adherence-for-diabetes-triad-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Marcel Bilger, Mitesh Shah, Ngiap Chuan Tan, Kaye Louise Howard, Hui Yan Xu, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux, Eric Andrew Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Many people with diabetes have suboptimal glycaemic control due to not being adherent to their treatment regimen. Behavioural economic theory suggests that the lack of adherence results from the disconnect between the timing of when costs and benefits accrue. One strategy to address this discontinuity is to offer patients a near-term benefit, such as a financial reward. Whereas there is evidence that rewards can improve treatment adherence and sometimes health outcomes, further research is needed to determine whether rewards are more effective when targeting processes or intermediary health outcomes...
November 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148088/effectiveness-of-an-intensive-intervention-to-improve-lifestyles-in-subjects-with-intermediate-cardiovascular-risk-date-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Sara Mora-Simon, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, Jesus Gonzalez-Sanchez, Cristina Martin-Martin, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive intervention led by primary care nurses for lifestyle modification among subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases may be prevented by adopting healthy lifestyles. Interventions focused on populations at risk are more efficient than those aimed at the general population. More than 50 per cent of cardiovascular events occur in subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk, but only a few studies have targeted this population...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144185/rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#3
E Roveda, A Montaruli, L Galasso, C Pesenti, E Bruno, P Pasanisi, M Cortellini, S Rampichini, S Erzegovesi, A Caumo, F Esposito
Recent findings suggest that altered rest-activity circadian rhythms (RARs) are associated with a compromised health status. RARs abnormalities have been observed also in several pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and cancer diseases. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder, with a prevalence of 3.5% in women and 2% in men. BED and its associate obesity and motor inactivity could induce RARs disruption and have negative consequences on health-related quality of life...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128417/exercise-more-or-sit-less-a-randomized-trial-assessing-the-feasibility-of-two-advice-based-interventions-in-obese-inactive-adults
#4
Kristian Overgaard, Kirstine Nannerup, Mette Kirstine Birk Lunen, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Ryan G Larsen
OBJECTIVES: The risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease may be reduced by a healthy pattern of daily physical activity. We investigated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of advice-based interventions aiming at either increasing moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) or reducing sedentary time (ST) in obese volunteers. DESIGN: Randomized non-blinded two-armed trial. METHOD: Inactive, obese adults were randomly assigned to reduce sedentary behavior (SitLess) (n=30) or increase MVPA (ExMore) (n=29) for 4 weeks...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113089/predicting-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-behaviors-using-social-cognitive-theory-cross-sectional-survey-among-undergraduate-students-in-chongqing-china
#5
Xianglong Xu, Yang Pu, Manoj Sharma, Yunshuang Rao, Yilin Cai, Yong Zhao
(1) Background: Generally suggested public health measures to reduce obesity were to limit television (TV) viewing, enhance daily physical activities, enable the consumption of fruit and vegetables, and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage intake. This study analyzed the extent to which selected social cognitive theory constructs can predict these behaviors among Chinese undergraduate students. (2) Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1976 undergraduate students from six universities in Chongqing, China...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104624/smart-watch-based-coaching-with-tiotropium-and-olodaterol-ameliorates-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Osamu Hataji, Yoichi Nishii, Kentaro Ito, Tadashi Sakaguchi, Haruko Saiki, Yuta Suzuki, Corina D'Alessandro-Gabazza, Hajime Fujimoto, Tetsu Kobayashi, Esteban C Gabazza, Osamu Taguchi
Combined therapy with tiotropium and olodaterol notably improves parameters of lung function and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) compared to mono-components; however, its effect on physical activity is unknown. The present study evaluated whether combination therapy affects daily physical performance in patients with COPD under a smart watch-based encouragement program. This was a non-blinded clinical trial with no randomization or placebo control. A total of 20 patients with COPD were enrolled in the present study...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094653/seasonal-changes-in-physical-activity-during-school-recess-and-lunchtime-among-australian-children
#7
Nicola D Ridgers, Jo Salmon, Anna Timperio
This study examined how children's physical activity levels during recess and lunchtime and the contribution of recess and lunchtime to daily physical activity differed across seasons. Three hundred and twenty-six children aged 8-11 years from Australia participated. Physical activity was measured every 15-seconds using hip-mounted ActiGraph accelerometers for 7 consecutive days during the winter (n = 246), spring (n = 211), summer (n = 161) and autumn terms (n = 139). Data were collected 2012-2013...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081641/parents-social-status-and-children-s-daily-physical-activity-the-role-of-familial-socialization-and-support
#8
Michael Mutz, Peggy Albrecht
Physical activity is a health relevant factor, particularly in affluent societies where overweight and obesity are increasingly prevalent, even among children. Understanding the development of physical activity patterns in childhood is thus an important issue for health promotion. Following socialization theory, this study describes and explains differences in objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a socially and ethnically mixed sample of 6- to 11-year-old children in Germany...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067627/physical-functioning-and-symptoms-of-chronic-fatigue-in-sarcoidosis-patients
#9
K Pilzak, A Żebrowska, M Sikora, B Hall, O Łakomy, S Kostorz, D Ziora, D Jastrzębski
Scientific reports underscore the importance of measuring the health-related quality of life in sarcoidosis patients. The present study seeks to define how sarcoidosis patients' quality of life, daily physical activity, and physical performance are related to each other. Seventeen patients (mean age 46.8 ± 8.8 years) suffering from sarcoidosis completed the following questionnaires: the fatigue assessment scale (FAS), the quality of life scale (SF-36 questionnaire), and the Borg dyspnea scale. Physical activity (PA) was assessed using accelerometry...
October 25, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061144/an-evaluation-of-transport-mode-shift-policies-on-transport-related-physical-activity-through-simulations-based-on-random-forests
#10
Ruben Brondeel, Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is widely recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality, and transport accounts for a large part of people's daily physical activity. This study develops a simulation approach to evaluate the impact of the Ile-de-France Urban Mobility Plan (2010-2020) on physical activity, under the hypothesis that the intended transport mode shifts are realized. METHODS: Based on the Global Transport Survey (2010, n = 21,332) and on the RECORD GPS Study (2012-2013, n = 229) from the French capital region of Paris (Ile-de-France), a simulation method was designed and tested...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061140/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-a-school-based-physical-activity-policy-in-canada-application-of-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#11
Katie A Weatherson, Rhyann McKay, Heather L Gainforth, Mary E Jung
BACKGROUND: In British Columbia Canada, a Daily Physical Activity (DPA) policy was mandated that requires elementary school teachers to provide students with opportunities to achieve 30 min of physical activity during the school day. However, the implementation of school-based physical activity policies is influenced by many factors. A theoretical examination of the factors that impede and enhance teachers' implementation of physical activity policies is necessary in order to develop strategies to improve policy practice and achieve desired outcomes...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060497/recognition-physical-activities-with-optimal-number-of-wearable-sensors-using-data-mining-algorithms-and-deep-belief-network
#12
Ali H Al-Fatlawi, Hayder K Fatlawi, Sai Ho Ling
Daily physical activities monitoring is benefiting the health care field in several ways, in particular with the development of the wearable sensors. This paper adopts effective ways to calculate the optimal number of the necessary sensors and to build a reliable and a high accuracy monitoring system. Three data mining algorithms, namely Decision Tree, Random Forest and PART Algorithm, have been applied for the sensors selection process. Furthermore, the deep belief network (DBN) has been investigated to recognise 33 physical activities effectively...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034147/elementary-physical-education-a-focus-on-fitness-activities-and-smaller-class-sizes-are-associated-with-higher-levels-of-physical-activity
#13
Mandy Kirkham-King, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, Darla M Castelli, Kristy Hilton, Ryan D Burns
Optimizing physical activity during physical education is necessary for children to achieve daily physical activity recommendations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among various contextual factors with accelerometer measured physical activity during elementary physical education. Data were collected during 2015-2016 from 281 students (1st-5th grade, 137 males, 144 females) from a private school located in a metropolitan area of Utah in the U.S. Students wore accelerometers for 12 consecutive weeks at an accelerometer wear frequency of 3 days per week during physical education...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024308/does-remote-monitoring-change-osa-management-and-cpap-adherence
#14
REVIEW
Jean L Pépin, Renaud Tamisier, Dennis Hwang, Suresh Mereddy, Sairam Parthasarathy
It is increasingly recognized that the high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), and its associated cardio-metabolic morbidities make OSA a burden for society. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the gold standard treatment, needs to be used for more than 4 h/night to be effective, but suffers from relatively poor adherence. Furthermore, CPAP is likely to be more effective if combined with lifestyle changes. Thus, the remote telemonitoring (TM) of OSA patients in terms of CPAP use, signalling of device problems, following disease progression, detection of acute events and monitoring of daily physical activity is an attractive option...
November 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016149/physical-activity-and-negative-affective-reactivity-in-daily-life
#15
Eli Puterman, Jordan Weiss, Mark R Beauchamp, Jacqueline Mogle, David M Almeida
OBJECTIVE: The results from experimental studies indicate that physically active individuals remain calmer and report less anxiety after the induction of a standardized stressor. The current study extends this research to real life, and examines whether daily physical activity attenuates negative affect that occurs in response to naturally occurring daily stressors. METHOD: The current study used data from the second wave of the National Study of Daily Experiences, a sub-study of the second wave of the Midlife in the United States Study (MIDUS-II) of 2,022 individuals aged 33-84 questioned nightly for eight consecutive days about their general affect and affective responses to stressful events and their engagement in physical activity...
October 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988493/goal-feedback-from-whom-a-physical-activity-intervention-using-an-n-of-1-rct
#16
Erin E Brannon, Christopher C Cushing, Ryan W Walters, Christopher Crick, Amy E Noser, Larry L Mullins
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents are not meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity. Social support and self-regulatory skills are two factors known to impact physical activity and sedentary behaviour. The study sought to examine how targeting feedback as part of a self-regulatory process could increase physical activity, and the individual who should be providing the feedback. DESIGN: The study utilised an aggregated N-of-1 RCT which allows for an iterative process of intervention development, and examines variability within participants to answer the question for whom did the intervention work...
October 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982643/well-being-tracking-via-smartphone-measured-activity-and-sleep-cohort-study
#17
Orianna DeMasi, Sidney Feygin, Aluma Dembo, Adrian Aguilera, Benjamin Recht
BACKGROUND: Automatically tracking mental well-being could facilitate personalization of treatments for mood disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder. Smartphones present a novel and ubiquitous opportunity to track individuals' behavior and may be useful for inferring and automatically monitoring mental well-being. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which activity and sleep tracking with a smartphone can be used for monitoring individuals' mental well-being...
October 5, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976592/in-vivo-correlates-between-daily-physical-activity-and-intervertebral-disc-health
#18
Jennifer A Bowden, Anton E Bowden, Haonan Wang, Ron L Hager, James D LeCheminant, Ulrike H Mitchell
Physical activity impacts health and disease in multiple body tissues including the intervertebral discs. Fluid flow within the disc is an indicator of disc health that can be observed using diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging. We monitored activity levels of 26 participants, age 35-55yrs, using Actigraph accelerometers for four days to evaluate vigorous-intensity activity, moderate to vigorous intensity activity, and sedentary time. Participants underwent structural and diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate intervertebral disc health and fluid flow...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976492/physical-fitness-in-young-men-between-1975-and-2015-with-a-focus-on-the-years-2005-2015
#19
Matti Santtila, Kai Pihlainen, Harri Koski, Tommi Vasankari, Heikki Kyröläinen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate changes in physical fitness and anthropometry of young men entering the military service in Finland during the years 1975-2015. METHODS: The study included the fitness test results of 627,142 healthy young male conscripts (age 19.1±0.4 yrs.). Data included results of aerobic capacity, muscle fitness tests, and anthropometric characteristics. RESULTS: The results show that the increase in mean body mass of young men has slowed down during the last ten years...
October 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968034/-gender-specific-manifestations-of-daily-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-elderly-people-of-surgut
#20
S I Loginov, M N Malkov, A Yu Nikolayev
Objective of the study was to establish gender-specific characteristics of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior in elderly people living in Yugra North. 295 residents of Surgut (102 men aged 62,9±5,3 years, 35%; 193 women aged 61,9±3,8 years, 65%) were subject to a IPAQ-RU questionnaire. The study revealed the gender-specific differences in body length and mass, body mass and body fat indices. It was detected that more energy is spent on the housework and physical activity in the country (moderate-intensity physical activity for women and high-intensity one for men)...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
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