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"Daily physical activity"

Bunny J Pozehl, Rita Mcguire, Kathleen Duncan, Melody Hertzog, Pallav Deka, Joseph Norman, Nancy T Artinian, Matthew A Saval, Steven J Keteyian
BACKGROUND: Few studies report objective accelerometer-measured daily physical activity levels in patients with heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVE: We examined baseline accelerometer-measured physical activity from the Heart Failure Exercise and Resistance Training Camp trial, a federally funded (R01-HL112979) 18-month intervention study to promote adherence to exercise in patients with HF. Factors associated with physical activity levels were also explored. METHODS: Patients with diagnosed HF (stage C chronic HF confirmed by echocardiography and clinical evaluation) were recruited from 2 urban medical centers...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) have long been known to have high rates of depression. Depression in patients with PC can be linked to sleep disturbance. The American College of Sports Medicine notes that physical exercise is safe for most patients with cancer and physical inactivity should be avoided. However, clinical impacts of exercise interventions (EIs) on patients with PC have been poorly investigated. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of EIs on sleep disturbance in patients with PC using actigraphy, which is an objective measurement of motor activity and sleep...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Sarcopenia is defined as a decrease in muscle mass and muscle strength, and it has been demonstrated to be an adverse predictor in numerous types of cancers. Exercise therapy (ET) carries multiple health benefits in several diseases. Despite these clinical benefits, there are limited data available regarding patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) undergoing ET. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of ET on sarcopenia in patients with PC. Methods and analysis: All clinical stages of PC can be included...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction: In most chronic pancreatitis (CP) cases, malabsorption, pain, and weight loss are the leading clinical symptoms, which significantly worsen the quality of life (QOL) and decreased QOL in patients with CP can cause sleep disorder. There is a growing body of evidence that recognises the favourable effects of physical exercise (PE), however, there are limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing PE. Actigram is a device for gathering objective sleep/awake data in the natural sleeping surroundings over an extended time period...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Yun Dong, Dax Steins, Shanbin Sun, Fei Li, James D Amor, Christopher J James, Zhidao Xia, Helen Dawes, Hooshang Izadi, Yi Cao, Derick T Wade
BACKGROUND: Practicing activities improves recovery after stroke, but many people in hospital do little activity. Feedback on activity using an accelerometer is a potential method to increase activity in hospital inpatients. This study's goal is to investigate the effect of feedback, enabled by a Smart watch, on daily physical activity levels during inpatient stroke rehabilitation and the short-term effects on simple functional activities, primarily mobility. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial will be undertaken within the stroke rehabilitation wards of the Second Affiliated hospital of Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei, China...
March 9, 2018: Trials
Małgorzata Mizgier, Kinga Mruczyk, Grazyna Jarząbek-Bielecka, Jan Jeszka
OBJECTIVES: The goal of the paper was to compare weight gain in pregnant women in relation to the week of gestation at birth, the delivery method, and the occurrence of macrosomia and low birth weights for patients with different durations of physical activity during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The full course of study was completed by 57 pregnant women enrolled in an 18-week physical activity programme during their second and third trimesters. The actual duration of their physical activity was monitored with the ActiGraph GT3X monitor...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Jennifer A Schrack, Andrew Leroux, Jerome L Fleg, Vadim Zipunnikov, Eleanor M Simonsick, Stephanie A Studenski, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Luigi Ferrucci
Background: Physical activity (PA) prevents disease and promotes longevity, yet few older adults meet the recommended daily guidelines. Wearable PA and heart rate monitors provide the opportunity to define age-related differences in the absolute and relative intensity of daily activities, and provide insight into the underlying factors influencing PA in older adults. Methods: Participants in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (n = 440, 52% male, aged 31 to 88) completed a clinical assessment and wore an Actiheart monitor in the free-living environment...
March 2, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Pietro Palmisano, Federico Guerra, Ernesto Ammendola, Matteo Ziacchi, Ennio Carmine Luigi Pisanò, Gabriele Dell'Era, Vittorio Aspromonte, Maria Zaccaria, Francesco Di Ubaldo, Alessandro Capucci, Gerardo Nigro, Eraldo Occhetta, Giampiero Maglia, Renato Pietro Ricci, Giuseppe Boriani, Michele Accogli
BACKGROUND: To determine whether daily physical activity (PA), as measured by implanted devices (through accelerometer sensor), was related to the risk of developing atrial arrhythmias during long-term follow-up in a population of heart failure (HF) patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population was divided into 2 equally sized groups (PA cutoff point: 3.5 h/d) according to their mean daily PA recorded by the device during the 30- to 60-day period post-ICD implantation...
February 24, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
M Dauriz, E Bacchi, L Boselli, L Santi, C Negri, M Trombetta, R C Bonadonna, E Bonora, P Moghetti
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lifestyle is considered a major determinant of risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We investigated whether daily physical activity (DPA) is associated with beta-cell function (BF) and/or insulin sensitivity (IS) in patients with T2D at the time of diagnosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 41 subjects enrolled in the Verona Newly-Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Study we assessed: (1) IS, by euglycaemic insulin clamp; (2) BF, estimated by prolonged-OGTT minimal modeling and expressed as derivative and proportional control; (3) DPA and energy expenditure (EE), assessed over 48-h monitoring by a validated wearable armband system...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Florian Herbolsheimer, Matthias W Riepe, Richard Peter
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported weak or moderate correlations between self-reported and accelerometer-assessed physical activity. One explanation is that self-reported physical activity might be biased by demographic, cognitive or other factors. Cognitive function is one factor that could be associated with either overreporting or underreporting of daily physical activity. Difficulties in remembering past physical activities might result in recall bias. Thus, the current study examines whether the cognitive function is associated with differences between self-reported and accelerometer-assessed physical activity...
February 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Kate Ridley, Sara Zabeen, Belinda K Lunnay
OBJECTIVES: This study measured the physical activity levels of children during practice sessions of four popular organised sports in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational design. METHODS: Participants comprised children from four local organised sports clubs in suburban Adelaide, South Australia. The sports examined were Australian Rules Football (AFL), girls' netball, boys' soccer and girls' soccer. Each participant wore a waist-mounted GT3X or GT3X+Actigraph accelerometer in either one or two of the practice sessions...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Elizabeth A Emley, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, namely poor diet and inadequate physical activity, significantly contribute to poor health and obesity risk, which in turn impact chronic illness outcomes. A possible approach to improving these health behaviors and subsequent outcomes is to capitalize on the theorized link between social movement involvement and overlapping health behaviors. Social movement involvement may be a viable stealth intervention for health, utilizing intrinsic motivators to improve health without an explicit focus on changing health behavior...
February 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
Ahmed Hassoon, Jennifer Schrack, Daniel Naiman, Dina Lansey, Yasmin Baig, Vered Stearns, David Celentano, Seth Martin, Lawrence Appel
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has established health benefits, but motivation and adherence remain challenging. OBJECTIVE: We designed and launched a three-arm randomized trial to test artificial intelligence technology solutions to increase daily physical activity in cancer survivors. METHODS: A single-center, three-arm randomized clinical trial with an allocation ration of 1:1:1: (A) control, in which participants are provided written materials about the benefits of physical activity; (B) text intervention, where participants receive daily motivation from a fully automated, data-driven algorithmic text message via mobile phone (Coachtext); and (C) Voice Assist intervention, where participants are provided with an in-home on demand autonomous Intelligent Agent using data driven Interactive Digital Voice Assist on the Amazon Alexa/Echo (MyCoach)...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Cecile Olivier, Jean-Marie Grosbois, Alexis B Cortot, Sophie Peres, Christophe Heron, Julie Delourme, Marianne Gierczynski, Anne Hoorelbeke, Arnaud Scherpereel, Olivier Le Rouzic
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced lung cancer (LC) or malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) exhibit limitation of exercise capacities and alteration of quality of life (QoL) induced by cancer and its treatment. Few studies assessed pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in these chemotherapy-treated patients, and none evaluated a home-based PR program. METHODS: In this prospective uncontrolled observational pilot study, patients treated by chemotherapy for LC or MPM were screened for a home-based PR program combining exercise training with global cares including therapeutic education and psychosocial management...
February 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
Sunmoo Yoon, Joseph E Schwartz, Matthew M Burg, Ian M Kronish, Carmela Alcantara, Jacob Julian, Faith Parsons, Karina W Davidson, Keith M Diaz
INTRODUCTION: This intervention study used mobile technologies to investigate whether those randomized to receive a personalized "activity fingerprint" (i.e., a one-time tailored message about personal predictors of exercise developed from 6 months of observational data) increased their physical activity levels relative to those not receiving the fingerprint. STUDY DESIGN: A 12-month randomized intervention study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: From 2014 to 2015, 79 intermittent exercisers had their daily physical activity assessed by accelerometry (Fitbit Flex) and daily stress experience, a potential predictor of exercise behavior, was assessed by smartphone...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sarah Somerset, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have detailed the physical health benefits of children's participation in sport and a growing body of research also highlights the benefits for mental health. Children who participate in sport have also been shown to be advantaged academically. However, despite the benefits there is evidence that children are leading increasingly sedentary lifestyles and are at greater risk of chronic disease than those with active lifestyles. Sport provides an important means for children to achieve their recommended amount of daily physical activity...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Chelsey R Schlechter, Justin M Guagliano, Richard R Rosenkranz, George A Milliken, David A Dzewaltowski
BACKGROUND: Youth sport (YS) reaches a large number of children world-wide and contributes substantially to children's daily physical activity (PA), yet less than half of YS time has been shown to be spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Physical activity during practice is likely to vary depending on practice structure that changes across YS time, therefore the purpose of this study was 1) to describe the type and frequency of segments of time, defined by contextual characteristics of practice structure, during YS practices and 2) determine the influence of these segments on PA...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Julien Tripette, Haruka Murakami, Hidemi Hara, Ryoko Kawakami, Yuko Gando, Harumi Ohno, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Motohiko Miyachi
Caffeine has been described as a sports performance-enhancing substance. However, it is unclear whether it can increase the level of physical activity in non-athletic individuals. This study investigates the relationship between daily caffeine consumption and (1) daily physical activity/fitness or (2) intervention-induced changes in physical activity in women and men. On the basis of responses to a dietary habit questionnaire, which included items on caffeinated beverages, 1032 Japanese adults, were categorized into lower- or higher-caffeine-consumption groups (relative to the median caffeine consumption)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
J Harvey, E S Pearson, P Sanzo, A E Lennon
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that 91% of Canadian children are not engaging in enough physical activity (PA) to achieve health benefits. Physical education (PE) classes have been identified as a way to improve child health by facilitating engagement in movement-based activities. The daily physical activity (DPA) initiative was created with similar intentions and requires that students participate in at least 20 min of PA daily via PE classes and/or during instructional time for other subjects...
February 5, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Giovanna Distefano, Robert A Standley, Xiaolei Zhang, Elvis A Carnero, Fanchao Yi, Heather H Cornnell, Paul M Coen
BACKGROUND: The concept of mitochondrial dysfunction in ageing muscle is highly controversial. In addition, emerging evidence suggests that reduced muscle oxidative capacity and efficiency underlie the aetiology of mobility loss in older adults. Here, we hypothesized that studying well-phenotyped older cohorts across a wide range of physical activity would unveil a range of mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle and in turn allow us to more clearly examine the impact of age per se on mitochondrial energetics...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
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