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"Daily physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231078/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-ace-and-adrb2-gene-expression-plasma-angiotensin-ii-level-and-flow-mediated-dilation-a-study-on-obese-postmenopausal-women-with-prehypertension
#1
Noushin Azadpour, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Şükran Nazan Koşar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of 10 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (MIET) on blood pressure (BP), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) gene expression in leukocytes, plasma angiotensin II (Ang II), and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in obese postmenopausal women (PMW) with prehypertension. METHODS: Twenty-four obese prehypertensive PMW (aged 50-70 y; body mass index ≥30 kg/m) randomly assigned to control (n = 12) and exercise (n = 12) groups...
March 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214933/findings-from-american-indian-needs-assessments
#2
Linda Burhansstipanov, Linda U Krebs, Lisa Harjo, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Salmon Kaur, Vickie Marsh, Dewey Painter
Because of decreased access and dismal survival rates, strategies need to be developed to increase cancer awareness and facilitate cancer prevention, early detection, and screening activities within American Indian (AI) populations. The purpose of this study was to develop a locally tailored needs assessment to collect cancer prevention, control, and risk factor information and knowledge, attitude, and perceived behavior (hereafter referred to as "needs assessment") data from 500 community members living in 3 geographically diverse settings: the Southeastern USA, the Rocky Mountain region, and the Northern Plains...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214251/children-s-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-attending-summer-day-camps
#3
Keith Brazendale, Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Jessica L Chandler, Allison B Randel, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Justin B Moore, Jennifer L Huberty, Dianne S Ward
INTRODUCTION: National physical activity standards call for all children to accumulate 60 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The contribution of summer day camps toward meeting this benchmark is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to provide estimates of children's MVPA during summer day camps. METHODS: Children (n=1,061, 78% enrollment; mean age, 7.8 years; 46% female; 65% African American; 48% normal weight) from 20 summer day camps wore ActiGraph GT3x+ accelerometers on the wrist during camp hours for up to 4 non-consecutive days over the summer of 2015 (July)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208905/n-acetylcysteine-combined-with-home-based-physical-activity-effect-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-stable-copd-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Vijay Tukaram Salve, Jitesh S Atram
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life is adversely affected in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), due to irreversible, progressive nature of the disease and limitations of current treatment options available. One of the important aim of treatment of COPD is to improve Quality of Life (QoL). Cigarette smoke contains numerous free radicals and other oxidants. Oxidative stress has been implicated in pathogenesis, progression of disease and exacerbation in COPD. Pulmonary tuberculosis, outdoor and indoor air pollution and many others are aetiologies of COPD in non-smokers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193204/development-of-a-wheelchair-mobility-skills-test-for-children-and-adolescents-combining-evidence-with-clinical-expertise
#5
Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot, Janke Frederike de Groot
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no outcome measure available for the evaluation of WMS in children. Several wheelchair mobility outcome measures have been developed for adults, but none of these have been validated in children. Therefore the objective of this study is to develop a WMS outcome measure for children using the current knowledge from literature in combination with the clinical expertise of health care professionals, children and their parents...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188253/frailty-physical-activity-and-mobility-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electrical-devices
#6
Daniel B Kramer, Timothy Tsai, Poorna Natarajan, Elise Tewksbury, Susan L Mitchell, Thomas G Travison
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring frailty in patients with cardiac implantable electrical devices while validating the physiologic significance of device-detected physical activity by evaluating its association with frailty and mobility. METHODS AND RESULTS: Outpatients with cardiac implantable electrical devices compatible with physical activity analysis with at least 7 days of data were eligible. Office testing included frailty status (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures instrument), gait speed (m/s), mobility according to the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test (seconds), and daily physical activity (h/d) as measured by cardiac implantable electrical device...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177728/long-term-effects-of-daily-postprandial-physical-activity-on-blood-glucose-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Håvard Nygaard, Eirik Grindaker, Bent Ronny Rønnestad, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Arne Torbjørn Høstmark
Previous studies have shown that a bout of moderate or light postprandial physical activity effectively blunts the postprandial increase in blood glucose. The objective of this study was to test whether regular light postprandial physical activity can improve glycemia in persons with hyperglycemia or with high risk of hyperglycemia. We randomized 56 participants to an intervention or a control group. They were diagnosed as hyperglycemic, not using anti-diabetics or categorized as high-risk individuals for type 2 diabetes...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173782/healthesteps%C3%A2-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-active-living-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-at-risk-canadian-adults-delivered-in-primary-care-and-community-based-clinics
#8
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Cassandra Bartol, Roseanne W Pulford, Ashleigh De Cruz, P Karen Simmavong, Adam Gavarkovs, Ian Newhouse, Erin Pearson, Bayley Ostenfeldt, Barbi Law, Kristina Karvinen, Pertice Moffit, Gareth Jones, Cori Watson, Guangyong Zou, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one of the leading causes of chronic disease in Canadian adults. With less than 50% of Canadian adults reaching the recommended amount of daily physical activity, there is an urgent need for effective programs targeting this risk factor. HealtheSteps™ is a healthy lifestyle prescription program, developed from an extensive research base to address risk factors for chronic disease such as physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and poor eating habits...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169572/relation-of-adolescents-physical-activity-to-after-school-recreation-environment
#9
Christina M Thornton, Kelli L Cain, Terry L Conway, Jacqueline Kerr, Brian E Saelens, Lawrence D Frank, Karen Glanz, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: The after-school period provides an opportune context for adolescent physical activity. This study examined how characteristics of after-school recreation environments related to adolescent physical activity. METHODS: Participants were 889 adolescents aged 12-17 (M = 14.1, SD = 1.4) from two US regions. Adolescents reported on whether their school offered after-school supervised physical activity, access to play areas/fields, and presence of sports facilities...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162532/-117-the-association-between-daily-physical-activity-and-pain-among-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-the-moderating-role-of-pain-catastrophizing
#10
O Franceschelli, M Cornelius, M Martel, C Campbell, M Smith, J Haythornthwaite, J Wright, R Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161318/effects-of-daily-physical-activity-level-on-manual-wheelchair-propulsion-technique-in-full-time-manual-wheelchair-users-during-steady-state-treadmill-propulsion
#11
Jennifer Dysterheft, Ian Rice, Yvonne Learmonth, Dominque Kinnett-Hopkins, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether differences in propulsion technique as a function of intra-individual variability occur as a result of shoulder pain and physical activity (PA) level in full time manual wheelchair users (MWU). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 14 MWU completed the study. Participants were 18-64 years old, used a wheelchair for > 80% ambulation, and free of any condition that could be worsened by PA...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159535/wrist-worn-triaxial-accelerometry-predicts-the-energy-expenditure-of-non-vigorous-daily-physical-activities
#12
Worawan Sirichana, Brett A Dolezal, Eric V Neufeld, Xiaoyan Wang, Christopher B Cooper
OBJECTIVES: Triaxial accelerometry is commonly used to estimate oxygen uptake (VO2) and energy expenditure in health and fitness studies. We tested the correlation of a triaxial accelerometer in terms of a summation of vector magnitudes with gravity subtracted (SVMgs) and measured VO2 for different daily physical activities. DESIGN: Original research, cross-sectional. METHODS: Twenty volunteers wore a triaxial accelerometer on both wrists while performing 12 assigned daily physical activities for 6min for each activity...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118497/total-energy-expenditure-in-captive-capuchins-sapajus-apella
#13
Wren Edwards, Elizabeth V Lonsdorf, Herman Pontzer
Primates have markedly lower total energy expenditure (TEE; kcal/day) than other placental mammals, expending approximately 50% less energy for their mass than non-primate eutherians. However, little is known regarding interspecific variation of energy expenditure within platyrrhine primates. We investigated TEE in captive tufted capuchins (Sapajus apella, n = 8, ages 7-36), a frugivorous platyrrhine, to compare TEE with other placental mammals and primates. We tested the hypothesis that large-brained capuchins would exhibit greater TEE than other platyrrhines that are less encephalized...
January 24, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107893/influence-of-stress-systems-and-physical-activity-on-different-dimensions-of-fatigue-in-female-fibromyalgia-patients
#14
Johanna M Doerr, Susanne Fischer, Urs M Nater, Jana Strahler
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a defining characteristic and one of the most debilitating features of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The mechanisms underlying different dimensions of fatigue in FMS remain unclear. The aim of the current study was to test whether stress-related biological processes and physical activity modulate fatigue experience. METHODS: Using an ambulatory assessment design, 26 female FMS patients reported general, mental, and physical fatigue levels at six time points per day for 14 consecutive days...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103861/the-saskatchewan-new-brunswick-healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-intervention-implementation-cost-estimates-of-a-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating-intervention-in-early-learning-centers
#15
Nazmi Sari, Nazeem Muhajarine, Amanda Froehlich Chow
BACKGROUND: Participation in daily physical activity and consuming a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed foods are behaviours associated with positive health outcomes during all stages of life. Previous literature suggests that the earlier these behaviours are established the greater the health benefits. As such, early learning settings have been shown to provide an effective avenue for exploring and influencing the physical activity and healthy eating behaviours of children before school entry...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092092/domains-of-daily-physical-activity-in-children-with-mitochondrial-disease-a-3d-accelerometry-approach
#16
Saskia Koene, Ilse Dirks, Esmee van Mierlo, Pascal R de Vries, Anjo J W M Janssen, Jan A M Smeitink, Arjen Bergsma, Hans Essers, Kenneth Meijer, Imelda J M de Groot
Feasible, sensitive and clinically relevant outcome measures are of extreme importance when designing clinical trials. For paediatric mitochondrial disease, no robust end point has been described to date. The aim of this study was to select the domains of daily physical activity, which can be measured by 3D accelerometry, that could serve as sensitive end points in future clinical trials in children with mitochondrial disorders.In this exploratory observational study, 17 patients with mitochondrial disease and 16 age- and sex-matched controls wore 3D accelerometers at the upper leg, upper arm, lower arm and chest during one weekend...
January 17, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063226/enhancing-physical-activity-and-reducing-obesity-through-smartcare-and-financial-incentives-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#17
Dong Wook Shin, Jae Moon Yun, Jung-Hyun Shin, Hyuktae Kwon, Hye Yeon Min, Hee-Kyung Joh, Won Joo Chung, Jin Ho Park, Kee-Taig Jung, BeLong Cho
OBJECTIVE: A pilot randomized trial assessed the feasibility and effectiveness of an intervention combining Smartcare (activity tracker with a smartphone application) and financial incentives. METHODS: A three-arm, open-label randomized controlled trial design involving traditional education, Smartcare, and Smartcare with financial incentives was involved in this study. The latter group received financial incentives depending on the achievement of daily physical activity goals (process incentive) and weight loss targets (outcome incentive)...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052773/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-promote-physical-activity-in-adolescents-the-raising-awareness-of-physical-activity-raw-pa-study
#18
Nicola D Ridgers, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown, Kylie Ball, Susie Macfarlane, Samuel K Lai, Kara Richards, Winsfred Ngan, Jo Salmon
BACKGROUND: Recent technological advances provide an alternative yet underutilised opportunity for promoting physical activity in youth. The primary aim of the Raising Awareness of Physical Activity (RAW-PA) Study is to examine the short- and longer-term impact of a wearable activity monitor combined with digital behaviour change resources on adolescents' daily physical activity levels. METHODS/DESIGN: RAW-PA is a 12 week, multicomponent physical activity intervention that utilises a popular activity tracker (Fitbit® Flex) and supporting digital materials that will be delivered online via social media...
January 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045078/positive-association-between-physical-activity-and-per3-expression-in-older-adults
#19
Masaki Takahashi, Atsushi Haraguchi, Yu Tahara, Natsumi Aoki, Mayuko Fukazawa, Kumpei Tanisawa, Tomoko Ito, Takashi Nakaoka, Mitsuru Higuchi, Shigenobu Shibata
The circadian clock regulates many physiological functions including physical activity and feeding patterns. In addition, scheduled exercise and feeding themselves can affect the circadian clock. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical/feeding activity and expression of clock genes in hair follicle cells in older adults. Twenty adult men (age, 68 ± 7 years, mean ± SE) were examined in this cross-sectional study. Prior to hair follicle cell collection, the participants were asked to wear a uniaxial accelerometer for one week...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018591/characterization-of-heavy-users-of-skin-care-products-among-norwegian-women-from-2003-to-2011
#20
Boel Aniansson, Marit B Veierød, Charlotta Rylander, Eiliv Lund, Torkjel M Sandanger
BACKGROUND: Several ingredients in personal care products (PCPs) have been classified as endocrine disruptors (EDs) and concern has been raised whether use of PCPs can affect human health. We aimed to characterize Norwegian female users of skin care products and compare life style characteristics between heavy users and non-users. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 114 202 women (age 41-76 years) participating in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study, a large population-based prospective cohort study...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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