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"Daily physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932885/health-behaviors-of-patients-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-influence-on-the-patients-satisfaction-with-life
#1
Anna Rosiek, Tomasz Kornatowski, Natalia Frąckowiak-Maciejewska, Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska, Przemysław Wyżgowski, Krzysztof Leksowski
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) carries with it a number of changes to the patient's lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle, health and preventive behaviors, as well as healthy nutrition habits play a key role in treating T2DM as well as limiting its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was the analysis of the correlation of T2DM patients' health behaviors and their influence on the patients' quality of life. The study was performed on a group of 50 patients from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#2
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
November 21, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930876/pioglitazone-on-improves-whole-body-aerobic-capacity-and-skeletal-muscle-energy-metabolism-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Takashi Yokota, Shintaro Kinugawa, Kagami Hirabayashi, Tadashi Suga, Shingo Takada, Masashi Omokawa, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Masashige Takahashi, Arata Fukushima, Shouji Matsushima, Mayumi Yamato, Koichi Okita, Hiroyuki Tsutsui
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Low aerobic capacity is a strong and independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Here, we investigated the effects of pioglitazone treatment on whole-body aerobic capacity and skeletal muscle energy metabolism in MetS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen male patients with MetS received oral 15 mg/day pioglitazone for 4 months. To assess whole-body aerobic capacity, exercise testing with a bicycle ergometer was performed before and after pioglitazone treatment...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924214/seasonal-variation-of-daily-physical-activity-in-individuals-with-heart-failure
#4
Michael J Shoemaker, Sarah E Roper, Tonya N Calkins
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that seasonal variation affects daily physical activity (PA), but none have investigated this relationship in individuals with heart failure (HF) who also have implanted cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy (ICD/CRT) devices. The purpose of the present study was to determine if seasonal variation in temperature affects daily PA in patients with HF and ICD/CRTs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 16 subjects with HF and Medtronic® ICD/CRT devices enrolled in a randomized trial investigating interventions to improve daily PA...
January 2016: Heart International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922457/daily-physical-activity-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-patients-undergoing-different-surgical-approaches-a-cohort-study
#5
Monika Engdal, Olav A Foss, Kristin Taraldsen, Vigdis S Husby, Siri B Winther
OBJECTIVE: Muscle weakness due to trauma from the surgical approach is anticipated to affect the ability of the patient to undertake daily physical activity early after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The objective of this study was to compare daily physical activity on days 1 to 4 after discharge, in patients following THA performed by 1 of 3 surgical approaches. DESIGN: A cohort study included 60 hip osteoarthritis patients, scheduled for THA, allocated to direct lateral approach, posterior approach, or anterior approach...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912681/how-valid-are-wearable-physical-activity-trackers-for-measuring-steps
#6
Hyun-Sung An, Gregory C Jones, Seoung-Ki Kang, Gregory J Welk, Jung-Min Lee
Wearable activity trackers have become popular for tracking individual's daily physical activity, but little information is available to substantiate the validity of these devices in step counts. Thirty-five healthy individuals completed three conditions of activity tracker measurement: walking/jogging on a treadmill, walking over-ground on an indoor track, and a 24-hour free-living condition. Participants wore 10 activity trackers at the same time for both treadmill and over-ground protocol. Of these 10 activity trackers three were randomly given for 24-hour free-living condition...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906965/do-elite-and-amateur-soccer-players-outperform-non-athletes-on-neurocognitive-functioning-a-study-among-8-12-year-old-children
#7
Lot Verburgh, Erik J A Scherder, Paul A M Van Lange, Jaap Oosterlaan
AIM: Research suggested a positive association between physical fitness and neurocognitive functioning in children. Aim of the present study is to investigate possible dose-response relationships between diverse daily physical activities and a broad range of neurocognitive functions in preadolescent children. Furthermore, the relationship between several sedentary behaviours, including TV-watching, gaming and computer time, and neurocognitive functioning will be investigated in this group of children...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903953/sociocultural-characteristic-lifestyle-and-metabolic-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-kuwaiti-male-university-students
#8
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891655/a-comparison-of-parent-and-childcare-provider-s-attitudes-and-perceptions-about-preschoolers-physical-activity-and-outdoor-time
#9
P S Tandon, B E Saelens, K A Copeland
BACKGROUND: Young children depend on adult caregivers to provide opportunities for physical activity. Research has focused on barriers and facilitators to children's physical activity while in childcare, but parental influences remain largely unknown. This study examines parent's attitudes about preschoolers' physical activity and outdoor time, compares them with those of childcare providers and determines the association between parental attitudes and preschoolers' measured activity...
November 28, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887654/proportion-of-children-meeting-recommendations-for-24-hour-movement-guidelines-and-associations-with-adiposity-in-a-12-country-study
#10
Blanca Roman-Viñas, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The Canadian 24-h movement guidelines were developed with the hope of improving health and future health outcomes in children and youth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence to the 3 recommendations most strongly associated with health outcomes in new 24-h movement guidelines and their relationship with adiposity (obesity and body mass index z-score) across countries participating in the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE)...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884459/balance-evaluation-techniques-and-physical-therapy-in-post-stroke-patients-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Eglė Lendraitienė, Agnė Tamošauskaitė, Daiva Petruševičienė, Raimondas Savickas
A stroke (cerebrovascular accident - CVA) is a significant social-economic issue. Approximately 15-30% of all patients develop life-long disability, 20% require over 3 months of specialized care in healthcare institutions, and the majority of the patients never recover the ability to maintain a proper vertical position. Such CVA sequelae as balance disturbances not only negatively affect patients' daily physical activity, but also result in social isolation. A number of standardized clinical scales, tests, and instrumental examination techniques have been proposed for evaluating not only post-CVA balance function, but also any changes in this function following various interventions...
November 17, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870747/a-community-based-participatory-research-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-among-rural-children-theory-and-design
#12
Kara C Hamilton, Mark T Richardson, Teirdre Owens, Timothy Morris, Elizabeth D Hathaway, John C Higginbotham
The overall objective of Project SHAPE (Shaping Health using Activity Photovoice and E-Video) was to improve physical activity levels of rural, medically underserved children by designing and implementing a culturally relevant physical activity intervention. This objective was met by using a community-based participatory research approach to design and implement an intervention that would positively affect the psychosocial constructs related to increasing physical activity, which, in turn, would lead to increases in the time spent in daily physical activity...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847558/physical-activity-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-overview-updated
#13
REVIEW
Alberto J Alves, João L Viana, Suiane L Cavalcante, Nórton L Oliveira, José A Duarte, Jorge Mota, José Oliveira, Fernando Ribeiro
Although the observed progress in the cardiovascular disease treatment, the incidence of new and recurrent coronary artery disease remains elevated and constitutes the leading cause of death in the developed countries. Three-quarters of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases could be prevented with adequate changes in lifestyle, including increased daily physical activity. New evidence confirms that there is an inverse dose-response relationship between physical activity and cardiovascular disease and mortality risk...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846912/factors-associated-with-active-commuting-to-school-by-bicycle-from-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#14
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Cesar Augusto Beltrán, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Andres Vivas, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavidez, Javier Martínez-Torres, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio Villa-González, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Active commuting to school (ACS) can contribute to daily physical activity (PA) levels in children and adolescents. The aim of the study was to analyze the characteristics of active commuting to and from school by bicycle and to identify the factors associated with the use of bicycles for active commuting to school based in a sample of schoolchildren in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 8,057 children and adolescents...
November 15, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845472/measuring-the-expected-increase-in-cycling-in-the-city-of-milan-and-evaluating-the-positive-effects-on-the-population-s-health-status-a-community-based-urban-planning-experience
#15
A Rebecchi, L Boati, A Oppio, M Buffoli, S Capolongo
BACKGROUND: It's scientifically known that inactivity is one of the major risk factors for Non-Communicable Diseases. One of the elements affecting the choice of transport mode, regarding circulation in the city, is the cities' urban morphology, i.e. the infrastructural facilities for the slow mobility service. Cyclability, in fact, can help to increase daily physical activity level, therefore becoming a protective factor for individual health. METHODS: After a literature review about the state of the art regarding the correlation between built environment, active transport and quantification of the physical activity level, we have developed a specific questionnaire to collect information about current and forecast use of bicycle, in case of improvement and implementation of the cycling network...
November 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826222/activity-based-anorexia-reduces-body-weight-without-inducing-a-separate-food-intake-microstructure-or-activity-phenotype-in-female-rats-mediation-via-an-activation-of-distinct-brain-nuclei
#16
Sophie Scharner, Philip Prinz, Miriam Goebel-Stengel, Peter Kobelt, Tobias Hofmann, Matthias Rose, Andreas Stengel
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is accompanied by severe somatic and psychosocial complications. However, the underlying pathogenesis is poorly understood, treatment is challenging and often hampered by high relapse. Therefore, more basic research is needed to better understand the disease. Since hyperactivity often plays a role in AN, we characterized an animal model to mimic AN using restricted feeding and hyperactivity. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: no activity/ad libitum feeding (ad libitum, AL, n = 9), activity/ad libitum feeding (activity, AC, n = 9), no activity/restricted feeding (RF, n = 12) and activity/restricted feeding (activity-based anorexia, ABA, n = 11)...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806539/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-gallstone-among-adults-in-karachi-south-pakistan-a-population-based-study
#17
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Muhammad Saad, Muhammad Ahsan, Madiha Raza, Aafia Ahmed, Waqas Shahnawaz, Bilal Ahmed, Vanita Motiani
INTRODUCTION: The present study was aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of GSD among a sample of general population in Karachi, South Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: A multistage random sampling method was employed on 30 clusters, where 60 subjects of age>=25 years were randomly recruited from the study population from June 2013 till March 2015. Finally, data was analyzed and logistic regression models were used to find the correlation between selected variables and gallstone disease...
August 10, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803626/body-fat-and-physical-activity-modulate-the-association-between-sarcopenia-and-osteoporosis-in-elderly-korean-women
#18
Inhwan Lee, Jinkyung Cho, Youngyun Jin, Changduk Ha, Taehee Kim, Hyunsik Kang
This study examined whether modifiable lifestyle factors, such as body fatness and physical activity, modulate the association between sarcopenia and osteoporosis. In a cross-sectional design, 269 postmenopausal women, aged 65 years and older, underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans to measure their body fat percentage, total fat mass, total fat-free mass, appendicular lean mass, bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content. The participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer for seven consecutive days to quantify daily physical activity...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798709/association-between-social-network-characteristics-and-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adults-at-risk-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Sandra D Bot, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Giel Nijpels, Jeroen Lakerveld
OBJECTIVES: In this exploratory study we examined the associations between several social network characteristics and lifestyle behaviours in adults at increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In addition, we explored whether similarities in lifestyle between individuals and their network members, or the level of social support perceived by these individuals, could explain these associations. METHODS: From the control group of the Hoorn Prevention Study, participants with high and low educational attainment were approached for a structured interview between April and August 2010...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789136/relationship-among-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviors-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-during-gastric-bypass-surgery-induced-weight-loss
#20
Jakob F Wefers, Tracey L Woodlief, Elvis A Carnero, Nicole L Helbling, Steven J Anthony, Gabriel S Dubis, John M Jakicic, Joseph A Houmard, Bret H Goodpaster, Paul M Coen
BACKGROUND: The impact of daily physical activity (PA) on the cardiometabolic risk of bariatric surgery patients is not known. OBJECTIVE: We examined the influence of physical activity and sedentary behavior on modifying cardiometabolic risk after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. SETTING: University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and East Carolina University bariatric surgery centers. METHODS: Data from 43 women and 7 men who completed testing at 1-3 months after RYGB surgery and again at 9 months postsurgery were analyzed...
August 26, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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