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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926856/positive-effects-of-promoting-physical-activity-and-balanced-diets-in-a-primary-school-setting-with-a-high-proportion-of-migrant-school-children
#1
Katharina S Weber, Olaf Spörkel, Melina Mertens, Alem Freese, Klaus Strassburger, Boris Kemper, Clemens Bachmann, Knut Diehlmann, Theodor Stemper, Anette E Buyken, Kerstin Ketelhut, Karsten Müssig
Background Children with migration background are at particular risk for overweight. We assessed the effects of a primary school-based initiative targeted at enhancing physical activity and dietary education among children with a high proportion of migration background. Methods Four 3(rd) and 4(th) grade classes (n=70 children, 77% with migration background) participated in a 10-months intervention comprising 2 additional exercise lessons weekly and 10 nutrition lessons per school year. 6 school classes (n=125 children, 65% with migration background) served as control...
September 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893710/user-preferences-for-mobile-health-interventions-a-survey-among-intermittent-claudication-patients-and-their-physical-therapists
#2
Marijn Ml van den Houten, Steffie Spruijt, Hugo Jp Fokkenrood, Marc Rm Scheltinga, Joep Aw Teijink
OBJECTIVES: Smartphone apps provide novel ways of triggering lifestyle-change by coupling objective measurements of health behavior with tailored feedback. Little is known about end-user preferences regarding the content of mobile health (mHealth) interventions. The aim of this study was to assess smartphone use and preferences regarding app-content among intermittent claudication patients and their treating physical therapists. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was sent via an internal email system to 1514 physical therapists specialized in treating patients with intermittent claudication...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883668/daily-physical-activity-of-brazilian-carriers-of-arterial-hypertension-a-transversal-analysis
#3
Dartel Ferrari de Lima, Lohran Anguera Lima, Olinda do Carmo Luiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of the practice of physical activity in the daily life of Brazilian adults with arterial hypertension and to analyze whether the practice performed complies with the recommendations of the World Health Organization. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were obtained from the Surveillance System of Risk Factors and Protection for Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases of 2014, involving 40,853 adults aged 18 years and over in all Brazilian capitals, interviewed by telephone survey...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880438/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-chinese-older-adults-with-depression
#4
Ning Li, Gong Chen, Ping Zeng, Jing Pang, Huan Gong, Yiwen Han, Yan Zhang, Enyi Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are common among older adults. Most of the existing studies were carried out in developed countries, and evidence from developing countries are lacking. In the present study, using a national sample, we aimed to describe the prevalence of MCI and its associated factors among Chinese older adults with depression. METHOD: The present study uses data from a national survey of the 2011 Comprehensive Assessment of Elderly Health, which involved 8113 older adults from eight provinces or municipalities directly under the Central Government of six regions in China...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878456/daily-physical-activity-affects-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
Akira Morino, Hiroki Takahashi, Hirofumi Chiba, Sumio Ishiai
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine which factors, including pulmonary, physical, and mental functions; dyspnea; and daily physical activity (PA) affect the 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) in IPF patients. [Subjects and Methods] The pulmonary, physical, and mental functions; dyspnea; PA; and 6MWD were assessed in 38 outpatients with IPF. PA was represented by the mean number of steps per day. [Results] The mean 6MWD was 443.8 m (SD, 98.5), and the mean number of steps per day showing PA was 5148...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872360/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-walking-endurance-improvements-after-12-months-of-an-individualised-home-and-community-based-exercise-programme-for-people-after-stroke
#6
Ashlee Dunn, Dianne L Marsden, Daniel Barker, Paulette Van Vliet, Neil J Spratt, Robin Callister
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate and longer-term effects of an individually tailored, home- and community-based exercise programme with ongoing remote support in people with stroke on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), ambulation and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Twenty people 5.3 ± 3.5 months post stroke completed the 12-week HowFITSS? exercise programme aimed at increasing CRF and daily physical activity. Support was provided by phone and email, which decreased in frequency over time...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859516/novel-in-shoe-exoskeleton-for-offloading-of-forefoot-pressure-for-individuals-with-diabetic-foot-pathology
#7
Mark C Roser, Paul K Canavan, Bijan Najafi, Marcy Cooper Watchman, Kairavi Vaishnav, David G Armstrong
INTRODUCTION: Infected diabetic foot ulcers are the leading cause of lower limb amputation. This study evaluated the ability of in-shoe exoskeletons to redirect forces outside of body and through an exoskeleton as an effective means of offloading plantar pressure, the major contributing factor of ulceration. METHODS: We compared pressure in the forefoot and hind-foot of participants (n = 5) shod with novel exoskeleton footwear. Plantar pressure readings were taken during a 6-m walk at participant's self-selected speed, and five strides were averaged...
September 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846993/objectively-measured-daily-physical-activity-and-postural-changes-as-related-to-positive-and-negative-affect-using-ambulatory-monitoring-assessments
#8
Daniel Aggio, Karen Wallace, Nicola Boreham, Aparna Shankar, Andrew Steptoe, Mark Hamer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether objectively measured daily physical activity and posture of sitting, standing, and sit-to-stand transitions are associated with daily assessments of affect. METHODS: Participants (N = 51, 49% female) wore ActivPal accelerometers for 24 h/d for seven consecutive days. Time spent sitting, standing, and being physically active and sit-to-stand transitions were derived for each day. Participants also completed a mood inventory each evening...
September 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818057/effect-of-counselling-during-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-self-determined-motivation-towards-physical-activity-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Anne-Kathrin Rausch-Osthoff, Nicola Greco, Ariane Schwank, Swantje Beyer, David Gisi, Mandy Scheermesser, André Meichtry, Noriane Sievi, Thomas Hess, Markus Wirz
BACKGROUND: Physical activity promotion in people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is focus of research and public health. Patient-centred interventions like counselling are promising approaches to help patients reducing sedentary behaviour. Aim of the present study is to investigate if a physical activity counselling program during pulmonary rehabilitation increases physical activity level in daily life in people with COPD. METHODS: A two-armed, single blind randomised controlled trial including 56 people with COPD will be conducted in an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation...
August 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815146/quantifying-the-relative-change-in-physical-activity-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-accelerometer-based-measurements
#10
Vibhu Agarwal, Mathew Smuck, Nigam H Shah
Osteoarthritis is amongst the top five most disabling conditions affecting Americans over 65 years of age and imposes an annual economic burden estimated at $ 89.1 billion. Nearly half of the cost of care of Osteoarthritis is attributable to hospitalizations for total knee arthroplasties (TKA) and total hip arthroplasties (THA). The current clinical practice relies predominantly on subjective assessment of physical function and pain via patient reported outcome measures (PROM) that have proven inadequate for providing a validated, reliable and responsive measure of TKA outcomes...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814614/role-of-inactivity-in-chronic-diseases-evolutionary-insight-and-pathophysiological-mechanisms
#11
REVIEW
Frank W Booth, Christian K Roberts, John P Thyfault, Gregory N Ruegsegger, Ryan G Toedebusch
This review proposes that physical inactivity could be considered a behavior selected by evolution for resting, and also selected to be reinforcing in life-threatening situations in which exercise would be dangerous. Underlying the notion are human twin studies and animal selective breeding studies, both of which provide indirect evidence for the existence of genes for physical inactivity. Approximately 86% of the 325 million in the United States (U.S.) population achieve less than the U.S. Government and World Health Organization guidelines for daily physical activity for health...
October 1, 2017: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804812/predominance-of-comorbidities-in-the-detriment-of-daily-activity-in-sarcoidosis-patients
#12
S Kostorz, D Jastrzębski, M Sikora, A Zebrowska, A Margas, D Stepanik, H Swinder, D Ziora
Sarcoidosis may affect lung function, working ability, overall mobility, and daily activity. In the present study we performed an analysis of clinical settings in patients with sarcoidosis to disentangle its influence on daily physical activity (PA). PA assessment (number of steps per day, daily energy expenditure) was performed by accelerometry during consecutive 7 days after discharge from hospital. Thirty patients with sarcoidosis, aged 46.4 ± 10.5, were enrolled in the study. Clinical data (age, gender, steroid consumption, weight, and comorbidities), lung function tests (forced expiratory volume in one second - FEV1, forced vital capacity - FVC, and lung diffusion for carbon monoxide - DLCO), mobility (6-minute walk test- 6MWT) and physical performance (oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold - VO2/AT) were estimated...
August 15, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802772/effectiveness-of-a-combined-exercise-training-and-home-based-walking-programme-on-physical-activity-compared-with-standard-medical-care-in-moderate-copd-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
P de Roos, C Lucas, J H Strijbos, E van Trijffel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of a 10-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on daily physical activity (PA) compared with standard medical care in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care physiotherapy. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients with stable COPD at Gold Stage II with a score of two or more on the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale...
July 14, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789574/correlates-of-social-support-and-its-association-with-physical-activity-among-young-adolescents
#14
Monique Gill, Alec M Chan-Golston, Lindsay N Rice, Sarah E Roth, Catherine M Crespi, Brian L Cole, Deborah Koniak-Griffin, Michael L Prelip
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of adolescents, particularly girls and minority youth, fail to meet daily physical activity (PA) recommendations. Social support contributes to adolescent PA, but studies examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results and rarely focus on diverse, urban populations. AIMS: This study examines the correlates of support for PA from family and friends and its relationship with PA outcomes among young adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of 4,773 middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780228/relation-of-pedometer-steps-count-self-reported-physical-activity-with-health-indices-in-middle-aged-adults
#15
Nusrat Jahan, Shweta Shenoy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between daily physical activity (steps/day and self report method) and health indices. Also to observe relationship between daily physical activity and existence of any prior sign of metabolic syndrome in middle aged adults of 40-60 years. A secondary objective was to observe relation between objective (steps/day) and subjective (IPAQ) measure of physical activity. METHOD: 145 subjects were recruited from residential colony of New Delhi, India and their health indices (waist circumference, hip circumference, waist hip ratio, blood pressure, resting heart rate), and presence of any sign of metabolic syndrome were noted down...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776926/interdependence-of-physical-inactivity-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-low-dietary-intake-extrapulmonary-manifestations-in-older-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#16
Kazuya Yoshimura, Susumu Sato, Shigeo Muro, Minoru Yamada, Koichi Hasegawa, Hirofumi Kiyokawa, Michiaki Mishima, Tomoki Aoyama
AIM: Extrapulmonary manifestations, such as reductions in skeletal muscle and physical inactivity, are important clinical features of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and might depend on the severity of COPD. As it is still unclear whether the relationship between muscle loss and physical inactivity is dominated by a disease-specific relationship or caused by patient factors, including physiological aging, we aimed to investigate the pulmonary or extrapulmonary factors associated with physical inactivity among older COPD patients...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776604/the-role-of-diet-physical-activity-body-fatness-and-breastfeeding-in-breast-cancer-in-young-women-epidemiological-evidence
#17
I Isabelle Romieu, A Amadou, V Chajes
The incidence of breast cancer (BC) is rising worldwide, with an increase in aggressive neoplasias in young women. Traditionally, BC in young women has been thought to be etiologically driven, primarily by genetic/hereditary factors. However, these factors explain only a small proportion of BCs, pointing to a role of the environment. Suspected factors responsible for this increase include lifestyle changes, notably alcohol consumption, diet with high intake of refined carbohydrates and saturated fat and low intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), fiber and vitamins (such as folate, vitamin D, and carotenoids), low physical activity, and body fatness, all of which may act from childhood and adolescent years through adulthood...
July 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774199/physical-activity-patterns-and-clusters-in-1001-patients-with-copd
#18
Rafael Mesquita, Gabriele Spina, Fabio Pitta, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Brenda M Deering, Mehul S Patel, Katy E Mitchell, Jennifer Alison, Arnoldus Jr van Gestel, Stefanie Zogg, Philippe Gagnon, Beatriz Abascal-Bolado, Barbara Vagaggini, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Sue C Jenkins, Elisabeth Apm Romme, Samantha Sc Kon, Paul S Albert, Benjamin Waschki, Dinesh Shrikrishna, Sally J Singh, Nicholas S Hopkinson, David Miedinger, Roberto P Benzo, François Maltais, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Zoe J McKeough, Michael I Polkey, Kylie Hill, William D-C Man, Christian F Clarenbach, Nidia A Hernandes, Daniela Savi, Sally Wootton, Karina C Furlanetto, Li W Cindy Ng, Anouk W Vaes, Christine Jenkins, Peter R Eastwood, Diana Jarreta, Anne Kirsten, Dina Brooks, David R Hillman, Thaís Sant'Anna, Kenneth Meijer, Selina Dürr, Erica Pa Rutten, Malcolm Kohler, Vanessa S Probst, Ruth Tal-Singer, Esther Garcia Gil, Albertus C den Brinker, Jörg D Leuppi, Peter Ma Calverley, Frank Wjm Smeenk, Richard W Costello, Marco Gramm, Roger Goldstein, Miriam Tj Groenen, Helgo Magnussen, Emiel Fm Wouters, Richard L ZuWallack, Oliver Amft, Henrik Watz, Martijn A Spruit
We described physical activity measures and hourly patterns in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after stratification for generic and COPD-specific characteristics and, based on multiple physical activity measures, we identified clusters of patients. In total, 1001 patients with COPD (65% men; age, 67 years; forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1], 49% predicted) were studied cross-sectionally. Demographics, anthropometrics, lung function and clinical data were assessed...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759129/the-effect-of-a-two-year-school-based-daily-physical-activity-intervention-on-a-clustered-cvd-risk-factor-score-the-sogndal-school-intervention-study
#19
G K Resaland, E Aadland, A K O Nilsen, J B Bartholomew, L B Andersen, S A Anderssen
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in clustered cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in 9-year-old children following a 2-year school-based physical activity intervention. METHODS: In total, 259 children (age 9.3 ± 0.3 years) were invited, of whom 256 participated. The intervention group (63 boys, 62 girls) carried out 60-minute teacher-controlled daily physical activity over two school years. The control group (62 boys, 69 girls) had the curriculum-defined amount of physical education (45 minutes twice each week)...
July 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752743/trends-in-active-commuting-to-school-among-czech-schoolchildren-from-2006-to-2014
#20
Jan Pavelka, Dagmar Sigmundová, Zdeněk Hamřík, Michal Kalman, Erik Sigmund, Frida Mathisen
OBJECTIVE: Active commuting (AC) is an important factor in increasing the total daily physical activity (PA) in children, which is significant for their health and positive physical behaviour in adulthood. The objective of the study was to describe trends in active commuting to school among Czech girls and boys aged 11-15 years from 2006 to 2014, using data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. METHODS: To investigate trends in AC among Czech children of school age data obtained from the HBSC surveys carried out in 2006, 2010, and 2014 was used...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
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