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"Daily physical activity"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715884/association-of-daily-physical-activity-level-with-health-related-factors-by-gender-and-age-specific-differences-among-korean-adults-based-on-the-sixth-2014-2015-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Nana Chung, Hun-Young Park, Mi-Young Park, Yoon-Young Hwang, Chi-Ho Lee, Jin-Soo Han, Jaemoo So, Jisu Kim, Jonghoon Park, Kiwon Lim
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of daily physical activity level on health-related factors according to gender and identified age-specific differences among Korean adults. METHODS: Using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2014-2015), we selected adults aged 19-64 years who participated in both a health examination and health interview survey. The study included 6,457 participants 19-64 years of age (2,611 men, 3,846 women)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679694/understanding-physical-activity-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors-new-methodology-new-challenges-and-new-opportunities
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer A Schrack, Gillian Gresham, Amal A Wanigatunga
Since the early 1990s, accumulating evidence has suggested that regular, sustained participation in physical activity may help prevent the onset and development of certain types of cancer. Given the worldwide incidence and prevalence of cancer, there is increasing interest in physical activity as a nonpharmacological intervention and prevention method. Moreover, the effectiveness of new and improved cancer therapies has also increased interest in the potential health benefits of physical activity during and after treatment...
July 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667222/promoting-optimal-physical-exercise-for-life-propel-aerobic-exercise-and-self-management-early-after-stroke-to-increase-daily-physical-activity-study-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-trial
#3
Avril Mansfield, Dina Brooks, Ada Tang, Denise Taylor, Elizabeth L Inness, Alex Kiss, Laura Middleton, Louis Biasin, Rebecca Fleck, Esmé French, Kathryn LeBlanc, Anthony Aqui, Cynthia Danells
INTRODUCTION: Physical exercise after stroke is essential for improving recovery and general health, and reducing future stroke risk. However, people with stroke are not sufficiently active on return to the community after rehabilitation. We developed the Promoting Optimal Physical Exercise for Life (PROPEL) programme, which combines exercise with self-management strategies within rehabilitation to promote ongoing physical activity in the community after rehabilitation. This study aims to evaluate the effect of PROPEL on long-term participation in exercise after discharge from stroke rehabilitation...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666535/effects-of-a-preschool-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-body-composition
#4
Kristi Bree Adamo, Niko Sebastian Wasenius, Kimberly Paige Grattan, Alysha Leila Jean Harvey, Patti-Jean Naylor, Nicolas James Barrowman, Gary Scott Goldfield
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a preschool physical activity intervention program delivered in licensed childcare settings, with or without a parent-facilitated home component, on children's daily physical activity, sedentary time, and body composition. STUDY DESIGN: For this cluster randomized controlled trial, 18 childcare centers were randomly allocated in equal numbers to the typical curriculum comparison group, childcare intervention alone (CC), or childcare intervention with parental involvement...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663381/a-study-of-clinical-and-physiological-relations-of-daily-physical-activity-in-precapillary-pulmonary-hypertension
#5
Marios Panagiotou, Martin Kevin Johnson, Zafeiris Louvaris, Julien Steven Baker, Alistair Colin Church, Andrew J Peacock, Ioannis Vogiatzis
Daily physical activity is reduced in precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) but the underlying mechanisms are inadequately explored. We sought to investigate clinical and physiological relations of daily physical activity and profile differences between less and more active patients with precapillary PH. A prospective, cross-sectional study of 20 patients with precapillary PH who undertook a) a comprehensive clinical assessment, b) a preliminary treadmill test, c) 7-day monitoring of daily walking intensity with triaxial accelerometry and d) a personalized treadmill test corresponding to the individual patient mean daily walking intensity with real-time physiological measurements...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662137/associations-between-quality-of-life-and-duration-and-frequency-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-baseline-findings-from-the-walk-2-0-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Gregory S Kolt, Emma S George, Amanda L Rebar, Mitch J Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte, Cristina M Caperchione, Anthony J Maeder, Rhys Tague, Trevor N Savage, Anetta Van Itallie, Nadeesha R Mawella, Wei-Wen Hsu, W Kerry Mummery, Richard R Rosenkranz
While physical and mental health benefits of regular physical activity are well known, increasing evidence suggests that limiting sedentary behaviour is also important for health. Evidence shows associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), however, these findings are based predominantly on duration measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour (e.g., minutes/week), with less attention on frequency measures (e.g., number of bouts). We examined the association of HRQoL with physical activity and sedentary behaviour, using both continuous duration (average daily minutes) and frequency (average daily bouts≥10 min) measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661546/skeletal-muscle-metabolism-after-stroke-a-comparative-study-using-treadmill-and-overground-walking-test
#7
Ana Paula Loureiro, Birgitta Langhammer, Terje Gjøvaag, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Luiz César Guarita-Souza
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate muscle metabolism in stroke survivors through measurements of the respiratory exchange ratio and rates of fat and carbohydrate oxidation in relation to total energy expenditure at preferred walking speed during treadmill and overground walking. The secondary objective was to investigate whether the energy source used during walking influences the daily physical activity pattern and fatigue of post-stroke individuals. METHODS: The sample comprised 28 stroke participants and 10 non-disabled, healthy controls...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654437/self-reported-physical-activity-level-in-student-athletes-at-preparticipation-physical-evaluations
#8
Amy E Valasek, Madison Bieganski, Jana Desrochers, Julie Young
OBJECTIVE: Quantify physical activity in healthy student athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Five Central Ohio schools during mass preparticipation physicals. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred sixty-five children between the ages 10 and 18 years. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Days per week of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), minutes per day of MVPA, and number of activities. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Minutes per week of MVPA...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11%C3%A2-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#9
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630694/physical-activity-level-of-female-and-male-adult-cats-before-and-after-running-wheel-habituation
#10
Katelyn B Detweiler, Samona Rawal, Kelly S Swanson, Maria R C de Godoy
The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether access to a running wheel increases voluntary physical activity in adult female and male domestic cats. Eight neutered domestic shorthair male cats (mean age 8·6 (sd 0·05) years) and eleven intact domestic shorthair female cats (mean age 3·3 (sd 0·14) years) were group housed for 22 h daily and individually housed during the feeding period. Voluntary physical activity was measured using accelerometers. Experimental design consisted of 1 week of baseline physical activity measurement, followed by 3 weeks of wheel habituation, and 1 week of physical activity measurement post-wheel habituation...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628534/daily-physical-activity-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-patients-undergoing-different-surgical-approaches-a-cohort-study
#11
Monika Engdal, Olav A Foss, Kristin Taraldsen, Vigdis S Husby, Siri B Winther
OBJECTIVE: Muscle weakness due to trauma from the surgical approach is anticipated to affect the ability of the patient to undertake daily physical activity early after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The objective of this study was to compare daily physical activity on days 1 to 4 after discharge, in patients following THA performed by 1 of 3 surgical approaches. DESIGN: A cohort study included 60 hip osteoarthritis patients, scheduled for THA, allocated to direct lateral approach, posterior approach, or anterior approach...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625084/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-associated-factors-of-sedentary-behavior-among-survivors-of-stroke-living-in-cape-town-south-africa
#12
Conran Joseph, David Conradsson, Maria Hagströmer, Isa Lawal, Anthea Rhoda
PURPOSE: To investigate objectively measured physical activity in stroke survivors living in low-income areas of Cape Town, South Africa, specifically to: (a) describe the volume of daily physical activity and time spent in different intensity levels and (b) investigate the association of factors covering the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health with sedentary behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, where forty-five ambulatory community-dwelling stroke survivors participated...
June 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622956/obesity-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-cognitive-function-in-childhood
#13
Lauren B Raine, Naiman A Khan, Eric S Drollette, Matthew B Pontifex, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a 9-month physical activity intervention on changes in adiposity and cognitive control based on pretrial weight status (ie, healthy weight vs obese) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included obese (n = 77) and matched healthy-weight (n = 77) preadolescents (8-9 years) who participated in a 9-month physical activity randomized controlled trial. Cognitive function was assessed with an inhibitory control task (modified flanker task)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614817/shifting-focus-from-hydration-for-performance-to-hydration-for-health
#14
Erica T Perrier
Over the past 10 years, literature on hydration biomarkers has evolved considerably - from (de)hydration assessment towards a more global definition of biomarkers of hydration in daily life. This shift in thinking about hydration markers was largely driven by investigating the differences that existed between otherwise healthy individuals whose habitual, ad-libitum drinking habits differ, and by identifying physiological changes in low-volume drinkers who subsequently increase their water intake. Aside from obvious differences in urinary volume and concentration, a growing body of evidence is emerging that links differences in fluid intake with small, but biologically significant, differences in vasopressin (copeptin), glomerular filtration rate, and markers of metabolic dysfunction or disease...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601099/ambient-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-physical-activity-a-longitudinal-study-of-university-retirees-in-beijing-china
#15
Hongjun Yu, Ruopeng An, Flavia Andrade
OBJECTIVES: We examined the longitudinal relationship between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and physical activity-related health behaviors among university retirees in Beijing, China. METHODS: Annual health surveys of retirees were conducted at Tsinghua University during 2011-2016. We conducted linear individual fixed-effect regression analyses to estimate the impact of ambient PM2.5 concentration on physical activity-related health behaviors among survey participants, adjusting for various time-variant individual characteristics and environmental measures...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597615/aerobic-physical-exercise-and-negative-compensation-of-non-exercise-physical-activity-in-post-menopause-a-pilot-study
#16
Andrea DI Blasio, Francesco DI Donato, Serena DI Santo, Ines Bucci, Pascal Izzicupo, Angela DI Baldassarre, Sabina Gallina, Marco Bergamin, Patrizio Ripari, Giorgio Napolitano
BACKGROUND: Sedentarism is a risk factor for mortality that is independent of physical exercise. As indicated in the literature, there is negative compensation of non-exercise physical activity due to exercise training. The aim was to investigate potential predictor variables of physical activity compensation in post-menopausal women beginning aerobic physical exercise training. METHODS: One hundred and three post-menopausal women (mean age, 58.31 ±5.33 years) were eligible for the study...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596093/a-pilot-study-evaluating-the-association-between-physical-activity-and-cognition-among-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Paul D Loprinzi, Megan M Danzl, Elizabeth Ulanowski, Calli Paydo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between daily physical activity and cognitive function among older adults with Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: Here we evaluate the association between accelerometer-assessed physical activity and cognition among older patients with PD. METHODS: Cognition assessed via the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed via accelerometry over a 1-2 week monitoring period...
June 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588021/accelerometer-measured-daily-activity-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-clinical-correlates-and-association-with-standard-heart-failure-severity-indices
#18
David Snipelisky, Jacob Kelly, James A Levine, Gabriel A Koepp, Kevin J Anstrom, Steven E McNulty, Rosita Zakeri, G Michael Felker, Adrian F Hernandez, Eugene Braunwald, Margaret M Redfield
BACKGROUND: Daily physical activity assessed by accelerometers represents a novel method to assess the impact of interventions on heart failure (HF) patients' functional status. We hypothesized that daily activity varies by patient characteristics and correlates with established measures of HF severity in HF with preserved ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this ancillary study of the NEAT-HFpEF trial (Nitrate's Effects on Activity Tolerance in HF With Preserved Ejection Fraction), average daily accelerometer units (ADAU) and hours active per day were assessed during a 14-day period before starting isosorbide mononitrate or placebo (n=110)...
June 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579770/proteasome-activity-related-with-the-daily-physical-activity-of-copd-patients
#19
Kang-Yun Lee, Tzu-Tao Chen, Ling-Ling Chiang, Hsiao-Chi Chuang, Po-Hao Feng, Wen-Te Liu, Kuan-Yuan Chen, Shu-Chuan Ho
BACKGROUND: COPD is a debilitating disease that affects patients' daily lives. One's daily physical activity (DPA) decreases due to multifactorial causes, and this decrease is correlated with a poor prognosis in COPD patients. Muscle wasting may at least be partly due to increased activity of the ubiquitin proteasome pathway and apoptosis. METHODS: This study investigated the relationships among DPA, circulating proteasome activity, and protein carbonyl in COPD patients and healthy subjects (HSs)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560892/self-reported-versus-accelerometer-assessed-daily-physical-activity-in-childhood-obesity-treatment
#20
Theresia M Schnurr, Bianca Bech, Tenna R H Nielsen, Ida G Andersen, Mads F Hjorth, Mette Aadahl, Cilius E Fonvig, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm
We investigated the relationship between interview-based subjective ratings of physical activity (PA) engagement and accelerometer-assessed objective measured PA in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. A total of 92 children and adolescents (40 males, 52 females) with BMI ≥ 90th percentile for sex and age, aged 5-17 years had valid GT3X + accelerometer-assessed PA and interview-assessed self-reported information on PA engagement at the time of enrollment in a multidisciplinary outpatient tertiary treatment for childhood obesity...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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