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"Daily physical activity"

Andreia Noites, Carla Patrícia Freitas, Joana Pinto, Cristina Melo, Ágata Vieira, Aníbal Albuquerque, Madalena Teixeira, Fernando Ribeiro, José Mesquita Bastos
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally and sedentary lifestyle is one of the main risk factors. Home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs appear to be effective to improve exercise tolerance. The aim of the study, therefore, was to evaluate the effects of a phase IV (maintenance) home-based CR program on cardiorespiratory fitness and daily physical activity of patients recovering from an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: This pilot study, with a sub-group randomised controlled trial, included 32 individuals recovering from a myocardial infarction, randomly divided into the experimental group (EG, n=16) and the control group (CG, n=16)...
September 13, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Kota Fukai, Sei Harada, Miho Iida, Ayako Kurihara, Ayano Takeuchi, Kazuyo Kuwabara, Daisuke Sugiyama, Tomonori Okamura, Miki Akiyama, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yuko Oguma, Asako Suzuki, Chizuru Suzuki, Akiyoshi Hirayama, Masahiro Sugimoto, Tomoyoshi Soga, Masaru Tomita, Toru Takebayashi
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is known to be preventive against various non-communicable diseases. We investigated the relationship between daily physical activity level and plasma metabolites using a targeted metabolomics approach in a population-based study. METHODS: A total of 1,193 participants (male, aged 35 to 74 years) with fasting blood samples were selected from the baseline survey of a cohort study. Information on daily total physical activity, classified into four levels by quartile of metabolic equivalent scores, and sedentary behavior, defined as hours of sitting per day, was collected through a self-administered questionnaire...
2016: PloS One
Wouter J Harmsen, Gerard M Ribbers, Bart Zegers, Emiel M Sneekes, Stephan F E Praet, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Sebastiaan J C M M Neggers, Rita J van den Berg-Emons
Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (a-SAH) show long-term fatigue and face difficulties in resuming daily physical activities. Impaired muscle strength, especially of the lower extremity, impacts the performance of daily activities and may trigger the onset of fatigue complaints. The present study evaluated knee muscle strength and fatigue in patients with a-SAH. This study included 33 patients, 6 months after a-SAH, and 33 sex-matched and age-matched healthy controls. Isokinetic muscle strength of the knee extensors and flexors was measured at 60 and 180°/s...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
An De Meester, David Stodden, Ali Brian, Larissa True, Greet Cardon, Isabel Tallir, Leen Haerens
BACKGROUND: Positive associations between motor competence and physical activity have been identified by means of variable-centered analyses. To expand the understanding of these associations, this study used a person-centered approach to investigate whether different combinations (i.e., profiles) of actual and perceived motor competence exist (aim 1); and to examine differences in physical activity levels (aim 2) and weight status (aim 3) among children with different motor competence-based profiles...
2016: PloS One
Michael W Metzler
One of the grand challenges of our time is to educate children and youth to live physically active and healthy lives today and into adulthood. To do so, we must first agree that the highest mission priority for physical education programs in schools is that of public health promotion through physical activity. Under that mission, school physical education programs from preschool to Grade 12 (P-12) would be designed, implemented, resourced, and evaluated to help children meet the recommended 60 min of daily physical activity...
October 13, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Vijay R Varma, Amber Watts
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that results in severe disability. Very few studies have explored changes in daily physical activity patterns during early stages of AD when components of physical function and mobility may be preserved. OBJECTIVE: Our study explored differences in daily physical activity profiles, independent of the effects of non-cognitive factors including physical function and age, among individuals with mild AD compared to controls...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Jamie F Chriqui, Julien Leider, Emily Thrun, Lisa M Nicholson, Sandy J Slater
: Active travel to work can provide additional minutes of daily physical activity. While the literature points to the relationship between zoning, equity and socioeconomic status, and physical activity, no study has quantitatively explored these connections. This study examined whether zoning may help to moderate any income and poverty inequities in active travel and taking public transit to work. Research was conducted between May 2012 and June 2015. Zoning data were compiled for 3914 jurisdictions covering 45...
October 3, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Hugo Njemanze, Charlotte Warren, Christopher Eggett, Guy A MacGowan, Matthew G D Bates, Mario Siervo, Srdjan Ivkovic, Michael I Trenell, Djordje G Jakovljevic
Age and physical inactivity are important risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. Heart rate response to exercise (HRRE) and heart rate recovery (HRR), measures of cardiac autonomic function, are strong predictors of mortality. The present study defined the effect of age and physical activity on HRRE and HRR. Healthy women (N=72) grouped according to age (young, 20-30 years; middle, 40-50 years; and older, 65-81 years) and daily physical activity (low active <7500, high active >12,500 steps/day) performed a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test...
October 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Kristine Zimmermann, Leslie R Carnahan, Nadine R Peacock
INTRODUCTION: Women living in rural areas in the United States experience disproportionately high rates of diseases such as obesity and heart disease and are less likely than women living in urban areas to meet daily physical activity (PA) recommendations. The purpose of our research was to understand age-specific perceptions of barriers and facilitators to rural women engaging in PA and to identify strategies to promote PA among these women. METHODS: As part of a community health assessment to learn about women's health issues, 110 adult women participated in 14 focus groups...
September 29, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Stéphane Mandigout, Nicolas Vuillerme, Benoit Borel, Anaick Perrochon, Justine Lacroix, Stéphane Mandigout
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to compare the evaluation/measurement of the daily energy expenditure related to physical activity with the use of different actimeters currently available. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four young healthy adults voluntarily participate in this study. Energy expenditure related to the realization of daily physical activities was assessed during 24hours with three accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X-BT, Actical and Stayhealthy RT6) and with a pedometer (ONStep Geonaute)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
A Kaw, I Y Arzu, R Mutyala, N Mutyala, S Buck, V K Reed, S J Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra McCune
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between dog walking and physical activity within and between four US cities and Australia and investigated if dog walking is associated with higher perceived safety in US and Australian cities. METHODS: Dog owners (n = 1113) in the Pet Connections Study completed a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected across four study sites; three in the US (San Diego, Nashville, Portland) and a fourth in Australia (Perth). Physical activity, local walking, dog walking, and individual and community perceptions of safety were analysed for dog walkers and non-dog walkers for each study site...
2016: BMC Public Health
David E Conroy, Donald Hedeker, H G McFadden, Christine A Pellegrini, Angela F Pfammatter, Siobhan M Phillips, Juned Siddique, Bonnie Spring
Objective: How a healthy lifestyle intervention changes the frequency and duration of daily moderate-vigorous physical activity and sedentary behavior has not been well characterized. Secondary analyses of data from the Make Better Choices randomized controlled trial were conducted to evaluate how interventions to increase physical activity or reduce leisure screen time affected the frequency and duration of these behaviors during treatment initiation and follow-up. Method: Participants were 202 adults who exhibited insufficient physical activity, excessive screen time and poor diet during a 14-day baseline screening period...
September 19, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Dominik Zbogar, Janice J Eng, William C Miller, Andrei V Krassioukov, Mary C Verrier
OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest reliability and convergent validity of daily physical activity measures during inpatient spinal cord injury rehabilitation. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Two inpatient spinal cord injury rehabilitation centres. SUBJECTS: Participants (n = 106) were recruited from consecutive admissions to rehabilitation. METHODS: Physical activity during inpatient spinal cord injury rehabilitation stay was recorded on two days via (1) wrist accelerometer, (2) hip accelerometer if ambulatory, and (3) self-report (Physical Activity Recall Assessment for People with Spinal Cord Injury questionnaire)...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
Tobias Kowatsch, Jan-Niklas Kramer, Flavius Kehr, Fabian Wahle, Niklas Elser, Elgar Fleisch
BACKGROUND: Research has so far benefited from the use of pedometers in physical activity interventions. However, when public health institutions (eg, insurance companies) implement pedometer-based interventions in practice, people may refrain from participating due to privacy concerns. This might greatly limit the applicability of such interventions. Financial incentives have been successfully used to influence both health behavior and privacy concerns, and may thus have a beneficial effect on the acceptance of pedometer-based interventions...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Bobby Clark, Safia Boghani, Cristina Grullon, Marcia Batista
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a program to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes among participants with prediabetes. The program focused on a healthy eating style, behavior modification, daily physical activity, and achieving a healthy weight. This was a retrospective observational analysis of a pilot program designed to prevent diabetes among employees with prediabetes. This intervention involved 12-16 weeks of nutrition counseling with the registered dietitian and participation in physical activity of at least 150 min/week...
September 13, 2016: Population Health Management
Michele Veldsman, Leonid Churilov, Emilio Werden, Qi Li, Toby Cumming, Amy Brodtmann
: Background Attention is frequently impaired after stroke, and its impairment is associated with poor quality of life. Physical activity benefits attention in healthy populations and has also been associated with recovery after brain injury. Objective We investigated the relationship between objectively measured daily physical activity, attention network connectivity, and attention task performance after stroke. We hypothesized that increased daily physical activity would be associated with improved attention network function...
September 7, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Shan-Shan Wang, Sovichea Lay, Hai-Ning Yu, Sheng-Rong Shen
A high quality diet is believed to play a functional role in promoting the healthy growth of mankind and preventing many kinds of chronic degenerative diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Adherence to a high quality diet has been strongly associated with a lower risk of mortality. To help promote healthy lifestyles and physical strength, the Chinese government has produced a new revised version of the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016) and the Chinese Food Pagoda, as guidance for dietary intake among its population...
September 2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Helen Laura Cameron-Tucker, Richard Wood-Baker, Lyn Joseph, Julia A Walters, Natalie Schüz, E Haydn Walters
PURPOSE: With the limited reach of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and low levels of daily physical activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a need exists to increase daily exercise. This study evaluated telephone health-mentoring targeting home-based walking (tele-rehab) compared to usual waiting time (usual care) followed by group PR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: People with COPD were randomized to tele-rehab (intervention) or usual care (controls). Tele-rehab delivered by trained nurse health-mentors supported participants' home-based walking over 8-12 weeks...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Atul Dhingra, Kamlesh Ahuja
Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide more so in Southeast Asian countries like India and Pakistan. 1 GDM is associated with various adverse foetal and maternal effects. The management of GDM aims at reducing blood glucose to reduce maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Various studies have shown that lifestyle modifications are an important tool for reducing blood glucose levels in patients with GDM. Lifestyle modifications consist of dietary modifications and daily physical activity...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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