keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infections ENT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922248/differential-proteomic-analysis-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-interaction-and-its-contribution-to-bioprotection-strategies-in-meat
#1
Alejandra Orihuel, Lucrecia Terán, Jenny Renaut, Graciela M Vignolo, André M De Almeida, María L Saavedra, Silvina Fadda
Human infection by Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia (E.) coli (EHEC) occurs through the ingestion of contaminated foods such as milk, vegetable products, water-based drinks, and particularly minced meats. Indeed EHEC is a pathogen that threatens public health and meat industry. The potential of different Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) strains to control EHEC in a meat-based medium was evaluated by using a simple and rapid method and by analyzing the growth kinetics of co-cultures (LAB-EHEC) in a meat-based medium...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869513/-the-relationship-between-cervicovaginal-and-oral-hpv-infection
#2
M Nipčová, J Sláma, T Podlešák, H Neumannová, M Zikán, B Sehnal
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current knowledge of the relationship of genital and oral HPV infection in women. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Gynecologic Oncology Center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Hospital Na Bulovce and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague; Gynecologic Oncology Center, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical School of Charles University, Prague; ENT Department, Hospital Na Bulovce, Prague...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784040/antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-patients-with-infection-at-tikur-anbessa-specialized-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Sileshi Tadesse, Haile Alemayehu, Admasu Tenna, Getachew Tadesse, Tefaye Sisay Tessema, Workineh Shibeshi, Tadesse Eguale
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major pathogens of public health importance responsible for various forms of infection. Development of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials limited treatment options against infections due to this pathogen. Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with surgical site infection and ear infection and corresponding nasal swab was investigated in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731316/the-grisel-s-syndrome-a-non-traumatic-subluxation-of-the-atlantoaxial-joint
#4
L Fath, H Cebula, M N Santin, A Coca, C Debry, F Proust
INTRODUCTION: Grisel's syndrome consists in rotational subluxation of C1-C2 following ENT infection or surgery. There is no consensus on management. We present 2 cases requiring surgical treatment in our center. CASE REPORTS: Two 10-year-old patients presented torticollis with cervical pain resistant to medical treatment, with onset a few months after tonsillectomy. In both cases, radiological assessment, comprising CT scan and MRI, showed Fielding-Hawkins type-3 C1-C2 rotational subluxation, without ligament lesion...
May 3, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722877/rituximab-for-induction-and-maintenance-therapy-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-single-centre-cohort-study-on-114-patients
#5
Xavier Puéchal, Michele Iudici, Ana Luisa Calich, Alexandre Vivot, Benjamin Terrier, Alexis Régent, Pascal Cohen, Claire Le Jeunne, Luc Mouthon, Philippe Ravaud, Loïc Guillevin
Objectives: To assess efficacy and safety of rituximab (RTX) induction and maintenance therapy for granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in a single-centre cohort study. Methods: All patients with active GPA, not enrolled in trials, who received ⩾1 RTX infusion(s) for induction were included. At remission, protocolized maintenance RTX infusions were given every 6 months for 18 months. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate survival rates. Univariable analyses identified factors associated with remission failure and relapse, and Cox models retained independent predictors of relapse...
May 2, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708086/the-value-of-chest-x-ray-in-the-scottish-referral-guidelines-for-suspected-head-and-neck-cancer-in-2144-patients
#6
P Fingland, V Carswell, T Tikka, C M Douglas, J Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: In Scotland, patients with suspected head and neck cancer are referred on the basis of the Scottish Referral Guidelines for Suspected Cancer, rather than the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines. A chest X-ray should be requested by the general practitioner at the same time as referral for persistent hoarseness. The evidence for this is level 4. METHODS: This audit identified adherence to this recommendation and X-ray results. All 'urgent suspicion of cancer' referrals to the ENT department in the National Health Service Greater Glasgow and Clyde for 2015-2016 were audited...
May 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707671/otomycosis-in-damascus-syria-etiology-and-clinical-features
#7
Mohammad T Ismail, Abeer Al-Kafri, Mazen Ismail
Background and Purpose: Otomycosis is a fungal infection that frequently involves the external auditory canal. The epidemiologic data on the etiologic agents of otomycosis in Syria are very limited. In this study, we aimed to determine the fungal agents, gender distribution, and clinical presentation of otomycosis. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and ninety nine patients (153 [51.17%] male and 146 [48.83%] female) clinically prediagnosed as otomycosis were studied at Al-mouassat University Hospital and ENT Crescent Syrian Clinic...
September 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691314/inferring-roles-in-defense-from-metabolic-allocation-of-rice-diterpenoids
#8
Xuan Lu, Juan Zhang, Benjamin Brown, Riqing Li, Julio Rodríguez-Romero, Aileen Berasategui, Bo Liu, Meimei Xu, Dangping Luo, Zhiqiang Pan, Scott R Baerson, Jonathan Gershenzon, Zhaohu Li, Ane Sesma, Bing Yang, Reuben J Peters
Among their responses to microbial infection, plants deploy an arsenal of natural antibiotic products. Historically these have been identified on the basis of their antibiotic activity in vitro, which leaves open the question of their relevance to defense in planta. The vast majority of such natural products from the important crop plant rice ( Oryza sativa ) are diterpenoids whose biosynthesis proceeds via either ent - or syn -copalyl diphosphate (CPP) intermediates, which were isolated on the basis of their antibiotic activity against the fungal blast pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae However, rice plants in which the gene for the syn -CPP synthase Os-CPS4 is knocked out do not exhibit increased susceptibility to M...
May 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684933/-dysphagia-from-a-gastroenterologist-s-perspective
#9
Marcus Hollenbach, Jürgen Feisthammel, Joachim Mössner, Albrecht Hoffmeister
Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) comprise a common cause of medical consultation and are defined as a subjective sensation of difficulty or abnormality of swallowing. In the initial step, a clear differentiation of dysphagia from odynophagia and globus sensation for further diagnostic procedures is mandatory. The careful questioning of patients symptoms and complaints is often helpful for the differentiation of oropharyngeal and esophageal dysphagia. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is mainly caused by neurological disorders (cerebral ischemia, Parkinson's disease, dementia) or local compression of malignancies, thyroid gland or lymph nodes...
May 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681993/noise-exposure-and-auditory-thresholds-of-military-musicians-a-follow-up-study
#10
Reinhard Müller, Joachim Schneider
Background: Military musicians are working in a noisy environment with high sound exposure levels above the international standards. Aim of the current study is to find out, whether they develop the expected hearing impairments. Adherence to the regulations for prevention in musicians is more difficult than in other occupational fields. Methods: In an interval of 13.3 years, 36 out of 58 male military musicians of a German army music corps were subjected twice to an audiometric audit...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669884/iron-acquisition-and-siderophore-release-by-carbapenem-resistant-sequence-type-258-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#11
Victoria I Holden, Meredith S Wright, Sébastien Houle, Abigail Collingwood, Charles M Dozois, Mark D Adams, Michael A Bachman
Klebsiella pneumoniae is rapidly acquiring resistance to all known antibiotics, including carbapenems. Multilocus sequence type ST258 (sequence type 258), carrying a gene encoding the K. pneumoniae carbapenemase ( bla KPC ) on a transmissible plasmid, is the most prevalent carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in the United States and has disseminated worldwide. Previously, whole-genome sequencing identified core genome single nucleotide variants that divide ST258 into two distinct clades, ST258a and ST258b...
April 25, 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613971/the-impact-of-pediatric-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy-implementation-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
Sanjay Patel, Valentina Burzio, Helen Green, Sara Rees, Marc Tebruegge, Christine Jones, Saul N Faust
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) have largely focused on adult practice, and there are few published data on the safety and effectiveness of pediatric OPAT (p-OPAT). METHODS: During a 3-year-period (2012 to 2015), data were prospectively collected on patients managed within the p-OPAT service at Southampton Children's Hospital, a tertiary pediatric hospital in the South of England. RESULTS: A total of 130 p-OPAT episodes were managed during this period...
April 2, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578687/esterase-catalyzed-siderophore-hydrolysis-activates-an-enterobactin-ciprofloxacin-conjugate-and-confers-targeted-antibacterial-activity
#13
Wilma Neumann, Martina Sassone-Corsi, Manuela Raffatellu, Elizabeth M Nolan
Enteric Gram-negative bacteria, including Escherichia coli, biosynthesize and deploy the triscatecholate siderophore enterobactin (Ent) in the vertebrate host to acquire iron, an essential nutrient. We report that Ent-Cipro, a synthetic siderophore-antibiotic conjugate based on the native Ent platform that harbors an alkyl linker at one of the catechols with a ciprofloxacin cargo attached, affords targeted antibacterial activity against E. coli strains that express the pathogen-associated iroA gene cluster...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545430/aripiprazole-reversed-gastroparesis-in-a-child-with-1q21-1-q21-2-microdeletion
#14
Simon S Rabinowitz, Neha Ahuja, Jennifer Gottfried
An 11-year-old Caucasian boy, with a microdeletion in the 1q21.1-q21.2 region, had multiple medical conditions including gastroparesis documented initially at the age of 5. The patient had a history of poor feeding since infancy and had been treated for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), constipation and multiple food allergies. As a consequence of the GERD and his concurrent immunoglobulin (IgG) subclass deficiency, the patient had multiple otolaryngologic (ENT) infections and required two sinus surgeries...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525793/zero-surgical-site-infection-in-primary-knee-arthroplasty-with-multidisciplinary-intervention-is-it-possible
#15
Zehra Çağla Karakoç, Uğur Haklar
Surgical site infections (SSI) are among the most important complications in knee arthroplasty. In this article we aim to retrospectively evaluate effects of preoperative multidisciplinary assessment and treatment of focal infections in primary knee arthroplasty patients operated by a single surgeon in a single center. A total of 93 patients undergoing 120 primary knee arthroplasty operations were included in the study. In the preoperative assessment all patients were consulted by infectious diseases, otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and dentistry departments, and female patients additionally by gynecology departments to evaluate and treat possible focal infections...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500030/respiratory-syncytial-virus-prevention-and-asthma-in-healthy-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Nienke M Scheltema, Elisabeth E Nibbelke, Juliëtte Pouw, Maarten O Blanken, Maroeska M Rovers, Christiana A Naaktgeboren, Natalie I Mazur, Joanne G Wildenbeest, Cornelis K van der Ent, Louis J Bont
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is associated with subsequent wheeze and asthma. We previously reported on the causal relationship between prevention of RSV infection during infancy and reduced frequency of subsequent wheeze using a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial (MAKI). We continued follow-up and analysed the effect of RSV prevention during infancy on asthma and lung function at age 6 years. METHODS: We studied 429 infants born at 32-35 weeks of gestation between 2008-10 who had randomly received either palivizumab for RSV immunoprophylaxis or placebo during the RSV season of their first year of life...
April 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490062/antibiotics-in-primary-care-in-england-which-antibiotics-are-prescribed-and-for-which-conditions
#17
F Christiaan K Dolk, Koen B Pouwels, David R M Smith, Julie V Robotham, Timo Smieszek
Objectives: To analyse antibiotic prescribing behaviour in English primary care with particular regard to which antibiotics are prescribed and for which conditions. Methods: Primary care data from 2013-15 recorded in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database were analysed. Records with a prescription for systemic antibiotics were extracted and linked to co-occurring diagnostic codes, which were used to attribute prescriptions to clinical conditions. We further assessed which antibiotic classes were prescribed and which conditions resulted in the greatest share of prescribing...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488505/-the-modern-approaches-to-the-evaluation-of-the-importance-of-chronic-inflammation-in-the-mucous-membrane-of-the-middle-ear
#18
V T Pal'chun, A V Gurov, L M Mikhaleva, M V Gordienko
Despite the ever growing progress in antibiotic therapy and the advent of the new methods for this purpose, the number of patients suffering from chronic focal infection of the ENT organs has not decreased during the last decades which turns the problem of chronization of inflammation into a serious challenge for the physicians as exemplified by chronic inflammation in the mucous membrane of the middle ear. Pathological changes in the middle ear make up a large fraction of ENT diseases of importance not only for otorhinolaryngologists but also for the specialists in the related medical disciplines...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450387/orbital-cellulitis-and-brain-abscess-rare-complications-of-maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal-rhinosinusitis
#19
Farah Constantin, Patricia-Alexandra Niculescu, Oana Petre, Daniel Balasa, Alexandru Tunas, Ioana Rusu, Mihai Lupascu, Cristiana Orodel
Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348711/efficacy-of-empirical-therapy-with-combined-ciprofloxacin-versus-topical-drops-alone-in-patients-with-tubotympanic-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#20
Maisam Abbas Onali, Syeda Beenish Bareeqa, Sadaf Zia, Syed Ijlal Ahmed, Asneha Owais, Ahmad Nawaz Ahmad
Background: One of the prevailing otologic infections in our country is chronic suppurative otitis media, especially the tubotympanic type for which various treatment protocols are followed. Usually, oral and topical antibiotics (mainly quinolones) are given alone or in combination. There is a lack of consensus as to whether topical drops alone are effective or a combined oral and systemic therapy should be prescribed. In our study, we have attempted to observe the efficacy of empirical therapy with combined ciprofloxacin versus topical drops only in patients with tubotympanic chronic suppurative otitis media for control of infection...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
keyword
keyword
19255
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"