keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infections ENT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450387/orbital-cellulitis-and-brain-abscess-rare-complications-of-maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal-rhinosinusitis
#1
Farah Constantin, Patricia-Alexandra Niculescu, Oana Petre, Daniel Balasa, Alexandru Tunas, Ioana Rusu, Mihai Lupascu, Cristiana Orodel
Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348711/efficacy-of-empirical-therapy-with-combined-ciprofloxacin-versus-topical-drops-alone-in-patients-with-tubotympanic-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#2
Maisam Abbas Onali, Syeda Beenish Bareeqa, Sadaf Zia, Syed Ijlal Ahmed, Asneha Owais, Ahmad Nawaz Ahmad
Background: One of the prevailing otologic infections in our country is chronic suppurative otitis media, especially the tubotympanic type for which various treatment protocols are followed. Usually, oral and topical antibiotics (mainly quinolones) are given alone or in combination. There is a lack of consensus as to whether topical drops alone are effective or a combined oral and systemic therapy should be prescribed. In our study, we have attempted to observe the efficacy of empirical therapy with combined ciprofloxacin versus topical drops only in patients with tubotympanic chronic suppurative otitis media for control of infection...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335843/study-on-the-clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-penicilliosis-marneffei-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#3
Ying-Ge Wang, Jin-Mei Cheng, Hai-Bo Ding, Xi Lin, Guo-Hao Chen, Mei Zhou, Sheng-Nan Ye
OBJECTIVE: To improve the diagnosis and treatment of Penicilliosis marneffei without human immunodeficiency virus infection. METHODS: Analyze and review the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of six cases of P. marneffei without human immunodeficiency virus infection at The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University. RESULTS: Two cases were diagnosed in the ENT Department, three cases in the respiratory department and one case in the dermatological department...
January 15, 2018: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330988/microbiological-profile-from-middle-ear-and-nasopharynx-in-patients-suffering-from-chronic-active-mucosal-otitis-media
#4
Shahid Farooq Khattak, Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh, Adil Aleem, Muhammad Farooq, Kanwal Nadeem
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media is described as a tympanic membrane perforation and ear discharge for more than six weeks duration. Ascending infection from the nasopharynx into the middle ear cleft has been attributed to prevent resolution of chronic otitis media. This research aims to determine the association between the microbiological flora of the nasopharynx with that of the middle ear in patients suffering from chronic (active) mucosal otitis media.. METHODS: Our study is a hospital-based cross-sectional survey...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314334/wheezing-and-infantile-colic-are-associated-with-neonatal-antibiotic-treatment
#5
Berthe C Oosterloo, Ruurd M van Elburg, Nicole B Rutten, Carin M Bunkers, Clarissa E Crijns, Clemens B Meijssen, Johanna H Oudshoorn, Ger T Rijkers, Cornelis K van der Ent, Arine M Vlieger
BACKGROUND: Cohort studies have suggested that early life antibiotic treatment is associated with increased risk of atopy. We determined whether antibiotic treatment already in the first week of life increases the risk for atopic and non-atopic disorders. METHODS: The INCA study is a prospective observational birth cohort study of 436 term infants, with follow-up of one year. 151 neonates received broad-spectrum antibiotics for suspected neonatal infection (AB+), versus a healthy untreated control group (N=285) (AB-)...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290238/antimicrobial-treatment-of-ent-infections
#6
R Cohen, H Haas, M Lorrot, S Biscardi, O Romain, F Vie Le Sage, V Hentgen, E Grimprel
ENT infections are the most common childhood infections and the leading causes of antibiotic prescriptions. These infections are mainly due to viruses and most of them (even if bacterial species are implicated) resolve spontaneously. Therefore, the first message is to not prescribe antibiotics in the following situations: common cold, non-streptococcal pharyngitis, laryngitis, non-purulent otitis media, etc. For sore throat/pharyngitis, the antibiotic treatment decision is based mainly on the use of group A streptococcus rapid diagnostic tests...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279722/current-diagnostic-procedures-for-diagnosing-vertigo-and-dizziness
#7
REVIEW
Leif Erik Walther
Vertigo is a multisensory syndrome that otolaryngologists are confronted with every day. With regard to the complex functions of the sense of orientation, vertigo is considered today as a disorder of the sense of direction, a disturbed spatial perception of the body. Beside the frequent classical syndromes for which vertigo is the leading symptom (e.g. positional vertigo, vestibular neuritis, Menière's disease), vertigo may occur as main or accompanying symptom of a multitude of ENT-related diseases involving the inner ear...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213222/antiplasmodial-compounds-from-leaves-of-dodonaea-angustifolia
#8
Yadessa Melaku, Tefera Worku, Yemane Tadesse, Yalemtsehay Mekonnen, Juergen Schmidt, Norbert Arnold, Ermias Dagne
Background: Dodonaea angustifolia is used in Ethiopian traditional medicine to treat malaria. The objective of this work was to conduct bioassay guided fractionation of the leaves of D. angustifolia using Plasmodium berghei infected mice. Method: The antiplasmodial activity of the extracts and pure compounds was evaluated using the standard Peter's four-day suppressive method. The structures of isolated compounds were elucidated using chemi-cal and spectroscopic methods...
September 2017: Current Bioactive Compounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163996/lymphangiomatous-polyp-presenting-as-tonsillar-mass
#9
Ashish Dhakal, Sameer Karmacharya, Sandhya Shrestha
A 19-year-old female presented to ENT OPD of Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital, with history of foreign body sensation in throat for 2 weeks and mass in left tonsil for 1 week. There is no history of difficulty swallowing or recurrent throat infection. Physical examination revealed a pedunculated mass arising from upper pole of left tonsil. Bilateral tonsillectomy was done under general anaesthesia. Grossly, 2.5 × 1.5 × 1 cm polypoidal mass, soft in consistency, was found to be attached to left tonsil...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157132/in-planta-functions-of-cytochrome-p450-monooxygenase-genes-in-the-phytocassane-biosynthetic-gene-cluster-on-rice-chromosome-2
#10
Zhongfeng Ye, Kohei Yamazaki, Hiromi Minoda, Koji Miyamoto, Sho Miyazaki, Hiroshi Kawaide, Arata Yajima, Hideaki Nojiri, Hisakazu Yamane, Kazunori Okada
In response to environmental stressors such as blast fungal infections, rice produces phytoalexins, an antimicrobial diterpenoid compound. Together with momilactones, phytocassanes are among the major diterpenoid phytoalexins. The biosynthetic genes of diterpenoid phytoalexin are organized on the chromosome in functional gene clusters, comprising diterpene cyclase, dehydrogenase, and cytochrome P450 monooxygenase genes. Their functions have been studied extensively using in vitro enzyme assay systems. Specifically, P450 genes (CYP71Z6, Z7; CYP76M5, M6, M7, M8) on rice chromosome 2 have multifunctional activities associated with ent-copalyl diphosphate-related diterpene hydrocarbons, but the in planta contribution of these genes to diterpenoid phytoalexin production remains unknown...
November 20, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149672/the-application-of-bacteriophages-as-novel-indicators-of-viral-pathogens-in-wastewater-treatment-systems
#11
Edgard Dias, James Ebdon, Huw Taylor
Many wastewater treatment technologies have been shown to remove bacterial pathogens more effectively than viral pathogens and, in aquatic environments, levels of traditional faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) do not appear to correlate consistently with levels of human viral pathogens. There is, therefore, a need for novel viral indicators of faecal pollution and surrogates of viral pathogens, especially given the increasing importance of indirect and direct wastewater reuse. Potential candidates include bacteriophages (phages) and the study described here sought to elucidate the relationship between three groups of phages (somatic coliphages (SOMPH), F-RNA coliphages (F-RNAPH) and human-specific phages infecting B...
November 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131135/interhemispheric-and-infratentorial-subdural-empyema-with-preseptal-cellulitis-as-complications-of-sinusitis-a-case-report
#12
Muhammad Reza Arifianto, Achmad Zuhro Ma'ruf, Arie Ibrahim, Abdul Hafid Bajamal
Intracranial complications of paranasal sinusitis have become rare due to the use of antibiotics nowadays. However, several cases have been reported due the ability of paranasal sinusitis to cause serious complications. Once the infection spreads over the cranial structure, it could infect the orbits, underlying bones, meninges, adjacent veins, and brain. Subdural empyema is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication following paranasal sinusitis and should be considered as a neurological emergency...
November 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072669/-epithelial-dysfunction-associated-with-pyo-inflammatory-diseases-of-the-ent-organs
#13
N A Petukhova
The modern concept of epithelial-endothelial dysfunction and epithelial-endothelial distress-syndrome associated with pyo-inflammatory ENT diseases is presented. It has provided a basis for the analysis of the initial stages of etiopathogenesis of acute and chronic inflammation in the ENT system including the mucous and associated lymphoid tissues as well as the Pirogov-Waldeyer limphopharyngeal ring making up the first protective barrier. The leading role of dysbiosis of synanthropic microflora and endotoxins of the Gram-negative bacteria in the mechanisms of regional responsiveness of the organism to the infection and chronic endotoxic aggression is demonstrated...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065186/environmental-risk-of-leptospirosis-infections-in-the-netherlands-spatial-modelling-of-environmental-risk-factors-of-leptospirosis-in-the-netherlands
#14
Ente J J Rood, Marga G A Goris, Roan Pijnacker, Mirjam I Bakker, Rudy A Hartskeerl
Leptospirosis is a globally emerging zoonotic disease, associated with various climatic, biotic and abiotic factors. Mapping and quantifying geographical variations in the occurrence of leptospirosis and the surrounding environment offer innovative methods to study disease transmission and to identify associations between the disease and the environment. This study aims to investigate geographic variations in leptospirosis incidence in the Netherlands and to identify associations with environmental factors driving the emergence of the disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024833/health-of-vlbw-infants-in-germany-at-five-years-of-age-what-do-parents-describe
#15
Juliane Spiegler, Guido Stichtenoth, Inke R König, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel
BACKGROUND: There are only few data on medical problems and utilization of health services of former very low birth weight (VLBW) children at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: At five years of age parents of a cohort of VLBW children (N=862) received questionnaires, a medical interview and examination. The results were compared to the KIGGS cohort (Deutscher-Kinder-und Jugendgesundheitssurvey, N=777). RESULTS: Parents of the VLBW and KIGGS cohort reported a very good or good health in 95% in their children...
December 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016581/bacteriological-study-of-otitis-media-and-its-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern
#16
Rabina Basnet, Sudarshan Sharma, Jid Chani Rana, Pradeep Kumar Shah
BACKGROUND: Otitis Media is a prevailing and notorious infection in developing countries causing serious local damage and threating complication. Mainly in developing countries like Nepal, Otitis Media results because of illiteracy, poverty and poor hygiene. The aim of this study was to determine the profile of Otitis Media, its causative agents and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. METHODS: The study included 263 pus samples from 240 patients attending ENT department of Bharatpur hospital from May 2015 to January 2016...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964283/thyroglossal-duct-cyst-surgery-a-ten-year-single-institution-experience
#17
Justin Ross, Alexander Manteghi, Kimberly Rethy, James Ding, Sri Kiran Chennupati
OBJECTIVE: 1. Review our institution's experience with thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) excision. 2. Determine if TGDC recurrence rate is influenced by surgical technique, preoperative infection, or surgeon specialty. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients at a tertiary care children's hospital who underwent excision of neck mass with proven TGDC histopathology from 2005 to 2015. Patient demographics and presentation, preoperative workup, surgeon specialty, procedural details, lesion characteristics, and complication rates including recurrence were evaluated...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904584/central-nervous-system-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-masquerading-as-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#18
Namit Singhal, Vinay Agarwal, Anu Chawla, Rajiv Tangri
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare tumor in the central nervous system (CNS), mostly being extracranial. Approximately 100 sporadic cases have been reported in the literature. The rarity of the tumor, its various histopathological characteristics, and its variable aggressive course render it difficult to diagnose and treat. IMT is generally a histological diagnosis which is rarely suspected preoperatively. It mimics other intracranial tumors such as giant cell tumor, hemangiopericytoma, anaplastic meningioma, plasmacytoma, and lymphoma...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875852/molecular-modeling-studies-of-novel-fluoroquinolone-molecules
#19
Naresh Kumar Katari, Tejeswara Rao Allaka, Venkataramireddy Veeramreddy, Jaya Shree Anireddy
BACKGROUND: Fluoroquinolones have been the centre of considerable scientific and clinical interest due to their broad spectrum pharmacological activities. Pefloxacin is an analogue of norfloxacin, which is a 3rd generation of fluoroquinolone [5] antibiotic similar to ciprofloxacin. Pefloxacin is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections like respiratory tract, ear, nose and throat (ENT) infections, skin infections, urinary tract infections. Hydrazone as a pharmacophore unit that attract the medicinal chemists because of structure activity relationship (SAR) studies of fluoroquinolones especially the functionality at C-3 position...
August 29, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842845/gut-microbiota-and-atherosclerosis
#20
REVIEW
Daniel Y Li, W H Wilson Tang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Studies in microbiota-mediated health risks have gained traction in recent years since the compilation of the Human Microbiome Project. No longer do we believe that our gut microbiota is an inert set of microorganisms that reside in the body without consequence. In this review, we discuss the recent findings which further our understanding of the connection between the gut microbiota and the atherosclerosis. RECENT FINDINGS: We evaluate studies which illustrate the current understanding of the relationship between infection, immunity, altered metabolism, and bacterial products such as immune activators or dietary metabolites and their contributions to the development of atherosclerosis...
August 25, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
keyword
keyword
19255
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"