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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Takeshi Urade, Hidehiro Sawa, Koichi Murata, Yasuhiko Mii, Yoshiteru Iwatani, Ryoko Futai, Shohei Abe, Tsuyoshi Sanuki, Yukiko Morinaga, Daisuke Kuroda
Omental abscess due to a spilled gallstone is extremely rare after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Herein, we report a 68-year-old man who presented with left upper abdominal pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gangrenous cholecystitis. Seven months prior to admission, gallbladder perforation with spillage of pigment gallstones and bile occurred during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The spilled gallstones were retrieved through vigorous peritoneal lavage. Abdominal computed tomography showed a 3 × 2...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Gino Vissers, Arno Talboom, Ben Gys, Damien Desbuquoit, Niels Komen, Guy Hubens
BACKGROUND: An internal abdominal hernia is defined as the protrusion of a viscus through a mesenteric or peritoneal aperture within the peritoneal cavity. A less common type of internal herniation is a small bowel herniation through a defect in the falciform ligament of the liver. This defect can be congenital or iatrogenic after penetration of the falciform ligament with a trocar during laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: We present a case report illustrating an internal herniation through an iatrogenic defect in the falciform ligament of the liver...
March 21, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Faten Limaiem, Asma Sassi, Ghofran Talbi, Saâdia Bouraoui, Sabeh Mzabi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Traditionally, a gallbladder removed for presumed benign disease is sent for histopathological examination, but this practice has been the subject of controversy. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of routine histopathological examination of cholecystectomy specimens and its impact on the management of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The histopathological reports of 1960 patients who underwent cholecystectomy from January 2011 to November 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Kumar Rajnish, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Manwar S Ali, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Sundaramurthi Sudharsanan, Chinnakali Palanivel
Introduction Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the most commonly done, minimally invasive surgical procedure. Routinely used electrocautery produces more smoke, which masks the operating field, thereby prolongs the surgery and posing an increased risk of gallbladder (GB) perforation. The titanium clips used for clipping the cystic artery and cystic duct have a risk of slippage, which may lead to bleeding, and an increased risk for bile leakage. In addition, it may act as a nidus for stone formation. Advanced energy sources, such as the harmonic scalpel, though expensive, may provide the advantage of shorter operating time by reducing smoke, bloodless dissection in the GB bed, lower risk of bleeding from the cystic artery due to secure vessel sealing, and avoiding the use of a larger number of titanium clips...
January 18, 2018: Curēus
Baoxing Jia, Kai Liu, Ludong Tan, Zhe Jin, Yahui Liu
Controversy exists on the suitability of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in acute cholecystitis, especially in patients with severe comorbidities. Recently, many nonsurgical departments have indicated a preference for percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD), but surgeons consider LC as the final treatment option for cholecystitis. This analysis evaluated the curative efficacy of PTGBD in combination with LC as compared with emergency LC (e-LC). We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 86 patients with acute complicated cholecystitis...
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Efstathios T Pavlidis, Theodoros E Pavlidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Antonio Pesce, Michele Diana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
Philip H Pucher, L Michael Brunt, Neil Davies, Ali Linsk, Amani Munshi, H Alejandro Rodriguez, Abe Fingerhut, Robert D Fanelli, Horacio Asbun, Rajesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures, remains associated with significant major morbidity including bile leak and bile duct injury (BDI). The effect of changes in practice over time, and of interventions to improve patient safety, on morbidity rates is not well understood. The aim of this review was to describe current incidence rates and trends for BDI and other complications during and after LC, and to identify risk factors and preventative measures associated with morbidity and BDI...
March 19, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Juan Camilo Gomez-Ospina, James A Zapata-Copete, Monica Bejarano, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and harms of using antibiotic prophylaxis (ABP) versus placebo/no intervention in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (eLCC) to prevent surgical site infection (SSI). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (OVID), EMBASE, LILACS, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception to October 2017. We included clinical trials which involved adults at low risk undergoing eLCC and compared ABP versus placebo/no intervention...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Antonia Rizzuto, Massimiliano Fabozzi, Anna Settembre, Stefano Reggio, Ernesto Tartaglia, Salomone Di Saverio, Piero Angelini, Vania Silvestri, Chiara Mignogna, Raffaele Serra, Stefano De Franciscis, Leonardo De Luca, Diego Cuccurullo, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis occurs in 10-15% of patients with cholecystolithiasis. Despite the existence of many therapeutic options for the treatment of cholecystocholedocholithiasis, a sequential treatment in which pre-operative ERCP is combined with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is the most commonly accepted strategy. However, use of IOC in the "splitting treatment" of cholecystocholedocholithiasis is controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the utility of IOC in detecting residual stones in patients undergoing LC in the sequential treatment of common biliary duct or gallbladder stones...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Joanna Bartnicka, Agnieszka A Zietkiewicz, Grzegorz J Kowalski
PURPOSE: With reference to four different minimally invasive surgery (MIS) cholecystectomy the aims were: to recognize the factors influencing dominant wrist postures manifested by the surgeon; to detect risk factors involved in maintaining deviated wrist postures; to compare the wrist postures of surgeons while using laparoscopic tools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Video films were recorded during live surgeries. The films were synchronized with wrist joint angles obtained from wireless electrogoniometers placed on the surgeon's hand...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
F Fuertes-Guirò, M Girabent-Farrés
BACKGROUND: We aimed to calculate the opportunity cost of the operating time to demonstrate that single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) is more expensive than classic laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). METHODS: We identified studies comparing use of both techniques during the period 2008-2016, and to calculate the opportunity cost, we performed another search in the same period of time with an economic evaluation of classic laparoscopy. We performed a meta-analysis of the items selected in the first review considering the cost of surgery and surgical time, and we analyzed their differences...
January 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Yoichi Matsui, Sohei Satoi, Satoshi Hirooka, Hisashi Kosaka, Takayuki Kawaura, Tomoki Kitawaki
INTRODUCTION: Many researchers have addressed overdosage and inappropriate use of antibiotics. Many meta-analyses have investigated antibiotic prophylaxis for low-risk laparoscopic cholecystectomy with the aim of reducing unnecessary antibiotic use. Most of these meta-analyses have concluded that prophylactic antibiotics are not required for low-risk laparoscopic cholecystectomies. This study aimed to assess the validity of this conclusion by systematically reviewing these meta-analyses...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
Lingfu Zhang, Chunsheng Hou, Zhi Xu, Lixin Wang, Xiaofeng Ling, Dianrong Xiu
Objective: Although laparoscopic treatment of gallbladder cancer (GBC) has been explored in the last decade, long-term results are still rare. This study evaluates long-term results of intended laparoscopic treatment for suspected GBC confined to the gallbladder wall, based on our experience over 10 years. Methods: Between August 2006 and December 2015, 164 patients with suspected GBC confined to the wall were enrolled in the protocol for laparoscopic surgery. The process for GBC treatment was analyzed to evaluate the feasibility of computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with frozen-section examination in identifying GBC confined to the wall...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Tatenda C Nzenza, Yahya Al-Habbal, Glen R Guerra, S Manolas, Tuck Yong, Trevor McQuillan
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) has become well established as a modality for the management of common bile duct stones (CBDS), especially in the setting of associated cholangitis. Our study aims to determine the rate of long term morbidity of recurrent CBDS post ES. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent ERCP and ES (ERCP+ES) was undertaken on a prospectively maintained database from 1998 to 2012 at the Northern Hospital, Melbourne...
March 15, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Benjamin R Poh, Paul A Cashin, Daniel G Croagh
INTRODUCTION: Traditional teaching dictates that it may not be prudent to take the jaundiced patient to theatre for emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy as they may experience worse outcomes following surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 104 patients undergoing emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy was stratified into two groups using a serum total bilirubin of above 50 μmol/L (2.9 mg/dL) to define the jaundiced group. Primary outcomes were morbidity and mortality rate...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Ferdinando F Calabria, Mario Leporace, Antonio Bagnato
A 72-year-old woman was examined by F-FDG PET/CT, showing pathologic tracer uptake in the gallbladder. PET/CT also depicted condition of situs inversus totalis, with dextrocardia, liver on the left side and spleen on the right side of the body. These findings were essential to plan and develop laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which diagnosed cholangiocarcinoma. The recognition of anatomical variants and abnormalities by means of hybrid PET/CT imaging is essential in order to plan the best therapeutic approach.
March 13, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Hongyan Yu, Esther Ern-Hwei Chan, Pravin Lingam, Jingwen Lee, Winston Wei Liang Woon, Jee Keem Low, Vishal G Shelat
Backgrounds/Aims: Previous studies have evaluated quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate QoL after index admission LC in patients diagnosed with acute cholecystitis (AC) using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) questionnaire. Methods: Patients ≥21 years admitted to Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore for AC and who underwent index admission LC between February 2015 and January 2016 were evaluated using the GIQLI questionnaire preoperatively and 30 days postoperatively...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Ashish Singh, Abhimanyu Kapoor, Rajneesh Kumar Singh, Anand Prakash, Anu Behari, Ashok Kumar, Vinay Kumar Kapoor, Rajan Saxena
Backgrounds/Aims: A residual gallbladder (RGB) following a partial/subtotal cholecystectomy may cause symptoms that require its removal. We present our large study regarding the problem of a RGB over a 15 year period. Methods: This study involved a retrospective analysis of patients managed for symptomatic RGB from January 2000 to December 2015. Results: A RGB was observed in 93 patients, who had a median age of 45 (25-70) years, and were comprised of 69 (74...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Gabriel O Ologun, Rachel Lovely, Mohammad Sultany, Mustafa Aman
Gallstone spillage is a common intraoperative event during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Patients present months to years with nonspecific symptoms after the original procedure. The complications of retained peritoneal gallstones are infrequent. Having a high index of suspicion is the key to early diagnosis. Every effort should be made to remove spilled gallstones at the index operation to prevent future complications, however, conversion from laparoscopy to laparotomy for retrieval of spilt gallstone is not recommended...
January 6, 2018: Curēus
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