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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104896/the-role-of-endoscopic-biliary-drainage-without-sphincterotomy-in-gallstone-patients-with-cholangitis-and-suspected-common-bile-duct-stones-not-detected-by-cholangiogram-or-intraductal-ultrasonography
#1
Hyeon Jeong Goong, Jong Ho Moon, Yun Nah Lee, Hyun Jong Choi, Seo-Youn Choi, Moon Han Choi, Min Jin Kim, Tae Hoon Lee, Sang-Heum Park, Hae Kyung Lee
Background/Aims: Treatment for cholangitis without common bile duct (CBD) stones has not been established in patients with gallstones. We investigated the usefulness of endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) without endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) in patients diagnosed with gallstones and cholangitis without CBD stones by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and intraductal ultrasonography (IDUS). Methods: EBD using 5-F plastic stents without EST was performed prospectively in patients with gallstones and cholangitis if CBD stones were not diagnosed by ERCP and IDUS...
January 20, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104282/-incidence-of-bacteria-from-cultures-of-bile-and-gallbladder-wall-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-patients-in-the-university-hospital-dr-jos%C3%A3-eleuterio-gonz%C3%A3-lez
#2
Rubén Cueto-Ramos, Marco Hernández-Guedea, Edelmiro Pérez-Rodríguez, Francisco Reyna-Sepúlveda, Gerardo Muñoz-Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Through experience it has been accepted that bile in normal conditions remains sterile. Bactibilia is a common finding in individuals at high risk or with complicated cholecystolithiasis, however few data prevails about the prevalence of bactibilia in patients operated on for uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is s common usage of preoperative and postoperative antibiotics in the different patients without the existence of any actual bacteriologic and epidemiologic evidence...
January 16, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103928/primary-carcinoma-of-the-cystic-duct-a-case-report-and-review-of-classifications
#3
Lovenish Bains, Daljit Kaur, Arun Kumar Kakar, Aman Batish, Seema Rao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of extrahepatic bile duct malignancies is about 2-3.6% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Primary carcinoma of cystic duct is a rare condition comprising a fraction of all extrahepatic bile duct malignancies with less than 70 cases reported worldwide. Majority of these cases were reported from East Asia. There is paucity in such case being reported from Indian subcontinent. We present a case of primary carcinoma of the cystic duct encountered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100991/sphincter-of-oddi-dysfunction-a-perplexing-presentation
#4
Sana Ahmad Din, Iman Naimi, Mirza Beg
Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction is caused by stenosis or dyskinesia of the sphincter of Oddi, leading to blockage of bile drainage from the common bile duct. We present the case of a 16-year-old female with chronic abdominal pain who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis but continued to experience abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting along with persistently elevated ALT and AST levels. Postoperative abdominal ultrasound was nondiagnostic. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed mild reflux esophagitis and mild chronic Helicobacter pylori-negative gastritis...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096581/role-of-preemptive-tapentadol-in-reduction-of-postoperative-analgesic-requirements-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#5
Ghanshyam Yadav, Gaurav Jain, Abhishek Samprathi, Annavi Baghel, Dinesh Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Poorly managed acute postoperative pain may result in prolonged morbidity. Various pharmacotherapies have targeted this, but research on an ideal preemptive analgesic continues, taking into account drug-related side effects. Considering the better tolerability profile of tapentadol, we assessed its role as a preemptive analgesic in the reduction of postoperative analgesic requirements, after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective-double-blinded fashion, sixty patients posted for above surgery, were randomized to receive tablet tapentadol 75 mg (Group A) or starch tablets (Group B) orally, an hour before induction of general anesthesia...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096580/randomized-double-blind-comparison-of-remifentanil-and-alfentanil-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-using-total-intravenous-anesthesia
#6
José M Beleña, Mónica Núñez, Alfonso Vidal, Diego Anta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To compare the use of remifentanil and alfentanil to suppress intraoperative adrenergic response of pain and the influence of these drugs on the recovery profile in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy using a total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized to be managed with either remifentanil (group R) or alfentanil (group A)...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096322/enterobius-vermicularis-presentation-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#7
Lachlan Dick, Jonathan Hannay
Enterobius vermicularis infection is uncommon in adults, compared to children, and rarely causes significant illness. Adult infection is usually colonic in nature and found incidentally at colonoscopy. Worm migration to other tissues is rare. We here-in describe the case of a 73-year-old woman found to have biliary tree E. vermicularis-an as yet undescribed site of migration.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095385/early-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-in-the-elderly-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Charlotte S Loozen, Bert van Ramshorst, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Djamila Boerma
BACKGROUND: In the era of advanced surgical techniques and improved perioperative care, the willingness to perform emergency operations in elderly patients continues to increase. This systematic review aimed at assessing the clinical outcomes of early cholecystectomy in elderly patients with acute cholecystitis. METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched for studies reporting on early cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in patients aged ≥70 years...
January 18, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093301/protocol-driven-management-of-suspected-common-duct-stones
#9
Anthony Manning, Richard Frazee, Stephen Abernathy, Claire Isbell, Travis Isbell, Justin Regner, Yolanda Munoz Maldanado, Randall Smith
INTRO: Common duct stones can be diagnosed by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), endoscopic ultrasound/endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (EUS/ERCP), and intra-operative cholangiogram (IOC). In 2015, our group adopted a standard approach of preoperative EUS/ERCP followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy for patients with an admission bilirubin over 4.0 (mg/dL). For bilirubin less than 4.0, laparoscopic cholecystectomy with IOC was the initial procedure. Post-operative EUS/ERCP with endoscopic sphincterotomy was pursued for positive IOC...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090506/cystic-duct-variation-detected-by-near-infrared-fluorescent-cholangiography-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#10
Nam Seok Kim, Hyeong Yong Jin, Eun Young Kim, Tae Ho Hong
Near-infrared fluorescent cholangiography (NIRFC) is an emerging technique for easy intraoperative recognition of biliary anatomy. We present a case of cystic duct variation detected by NIRFC which had a potential risk for biliary injury if not detected. A 32-year-old female was admitted to the Seoul St. Mary's Hospital for surgery for an incidental gallbladder polyp. We performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy with NIRFC. In fluorescence mode, a long cystic duct and an accessory short hepatic duct joining to the cystic duct were found and the operation was completed safely...
January 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090474/post-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-biloma-in-a-child-managed-by-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-and-stenting-a-case-report
#11
Charu Tiwari, Om Prakash Makhija, Deepa Makhija, Shalika Jayaswal, Hemanshi Shah
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, though an uncommon surgical procedure in paediatric age group is still associated with a higher risk of post-operative bile duct injuries when compared with the open procedure. Small leaks from extra hepatic biliary apparatus usually lead to the formation of a localized sub-hepatic bile collection, also known as biloma. Such leaks are rare complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, especially in paediatric age group. Minor bile leaks can usually be managed non-surgically by percutaneous drainage combined with endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP)...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089473/box-or-virtual-reality-trainer-which-tool-results-in-better-transfer-of-laparoscopic-basic-skills-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#12
Christian Brinkmann, Mathias Fritz, Ulrich Pankratius, Ralf Bahde, Philipp Neumann, Steffen Schlueter, Norbert Senninger, Emile Rijcken
OBJECTIVE: Simulation training improves laparoscopic performance. Laparoscopic basic skills can be learned in simulators as box- or virtual-reality (VR) trainers. However, there is no clear recommendation for either box or VR trainers as the most appropriate tool for the transfer of acquired laparoscopic basic skills into a surgical procedure. DESIGN: Both training tools were compared, using validated and well-established curricula in the acquirement of basic skills, in a prospective randomized trial in a 5-day structured laparoscopic training course...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074277/patient-reported-outcomes-for-acute-gallstone-pathology
#13
Ed Parkin, Martyn Stott, Joy Brockbank, Simon Galloway, Ian Welch, Andrew Macdonald
BACKGROUND: A number of prominent surgical trials and clinical guidelines regard length of hospital stay and rates of daycase surgery as being of upmost importance following cholecystectomy. However, it is unclear whether these outcomes also matter to patients. This study aimed to identify the factors patients regard as most important when admitted with acute gallstone pathology. METHODS: A 41-item survey was produced by combining outcomes assessed in recent clinical trials with results from a preliminary patient questionnaire...
January 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071951/spontaneous-extrusion-of-gallstones-after-percutaneous-drainage
#14
D Hariharan, D N Lobo
There have been reports of late discharge of gallstones through operative wounds after spillage into the peritoneal cavity during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and after the development of spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistulae. However, spontaneous discharge of gallstones from the tract of a percutaneous cholecystostomy or percutaneous drainage of a perforated gall bladder has not, to the best of our knowledge, been reported previously. We report a case in which a patient who had a percutaneous drain inserted for a perforated gall bladder discharged 34 gallstones from the tract after removal of the 7-F pigtail catheter...
January 10, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071948/current-practice-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-during-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#15
Caw Macano, E A Griffiths, R S Vohra
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines do not recommend antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Despite this, there is wide variation in antibiotic prophylaxis during cholecystectomy in population-based studies. The aim of this survey was to establish the current rationale for antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS A short questionnaire was designed and disseminated across collaborators for a population-based study investigating outcomes following cholecystectomy and via the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, Researchgate and Surginet membership...
January 10, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070328/safety-and-feasibility-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-obese-patients
#16
Masaki Wakasugi, Masahiro Tanemura, Mitsuyoshi Tei, Kenta Furukawa, Yozo Suzuki, Toru Masuzawa, Kentaro Kishi, Hiroki Akamatsu
BACKGROUND: Current literature frequently indicates that experienced laparoscopic surgeons can safely perform single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but there have been few reports evaluating the feasibility and safety of performing single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy for obese patients. Therefore, a large single-center database was retrospectively reviewed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy for obese patients by comparing the outcomes of normal-weight and obese patients undergoing single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062874/-gallbladder-agenesis-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#17
Robert Ordóñez-Samaniego, Miguel Puga-Tejada
Gallbladder agenesis is a rare disease, which its symptomatology emulates biliary pathology. It is presented between 0.007 to 0.027% of those patients in whom a cholecystectomy is performed. After it, its evolution is asymptomatic. We present the case of a 19 years old female patient with clinical presentationof cholelithiasis. Ultrasound reveals scleroatrophic vesicle. Elective cholecystectomy was performed,but the gallbladder was not found. The patient presented an asymptomatic evolution in the postoperative period and in the annual follow-up...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061037/single-port-laparoscopic-surgery-can-be-performed-safely-and-appropriately-for-colon-cancer-short-term-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Byung Mo Kang, Sun Jin Park, Kil Yeon Lee, Suk-Hwan Lee
INTRODUCTION: Single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) has gained popularity due to its cosmetic benefit, and therefore, has been applied to several kinds of benign operations, such as appendectomy and cholecystectomy. The safety and suitability of SPLS for colon cancer has not been widely proved. We aimed at validating the safety, efficacy, and short-term quality of life (QOL) of SPLS compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) in patients with colon cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 2010 and April 2011, a total of 62 patients with pathology-proven colon cancer were randomly allocated to two groups: SPLS and CLS...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059960/-contemplating-the-next-maneuver-functional-neuroimaging-reveals-intraoperative-decision-making-strategies
#19
Daniel Richard Leff, Gabriella Yongue, Ivo Vlaev, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, David James, Michael J Taylor, Thanos Athanasiou, Ray Dolan, Guang-Zhong Yang, Ara Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in the quality, confidence, and consistency of intraoperative surgical decision making (DM) and using functional neuroimaging expose decision systems that operators use. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Novices are hypothesized to use conscious analysis (effortful DM) leading to activation across the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, whereas experts are expected to use unconscious automation (habitual DM) in which decisions are recognition-primed and prefrontal cortex independent...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058471/a-comparative-study-of-outcomes-between-single-site-robotic-and-multi-port-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-an-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#20
Banujan Balachandran, Theadore A Hufford, Taha Mustafa, Kunal Kochar, Suela Sulo, Joubin Khorsand
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of single-site robotic cholecystectomy with multi-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy within a high-volume tertiary health care center. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data was conducted on patients undergoing single-site robotic cholecystectomy or multi-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy between October 2011 and July 2014. A single surgeon performed all the surgeries included in the study...
January 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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