keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nicotine dependence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938229/prevalence-and-correlates-of-comorbid-depression-in-a-nonclinical-online-sample-with-dsm-5-internet-gaming-disorder
#1
Hee Ryung Wang, Hyun Cho, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence and correlates of comorbid depression among patients with internet gaming disorder using the Internet Gaming Disorder scale (IGD-9) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) among nonclinical online survey respondents. METHODS: Korean adolescents and adults from 14 to 39 years of age were selected. We compared internet gaming use patterns and sociodemographic and clinical variables between patients with internet gaming disorder who had depression and those without depression...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938170/aromatic-hydrazones-derived-from-nicotinic-acid-hydrazide-as-fluorimetric-ph-sensing-molecules-structural-analysis-by-computational-and-spectroscopic-methods-in-solid-phase-and-in-solution
#2
T Benković, A Kenđel, J Parlov-Vuković, D Kontrec, V Chiş, S Miljanić, N Galić
Structural analyses of aroylhydrazones were performed by computational and spectroscopic methods (solid state NMR, 1 and 2D NMR spectroscopy, FT-IR (ATR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectrometry and spectrofluorimetry) in solid state and in solution. The studied compounds were N'-(2,3-dihydroxyphenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (1), N'-(2,5-dihydroxyphenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (2), N'-(3-chloro-2-hydroxy-phenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (3), and N'-(2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl-methylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (4)...
September 15, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934078/abnormal-white-matter-microstructure-among-early-adulthood-smokers-a-tract-based-spatial-statistics-study
#3
Shuangkun Wang, Long Zuo, Tao Jiang, Peng Peng, Shuilian Chu, Dan Xiao
Objectives Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor of central nervous system diseases. However, the white matter (WM) integrity of early adulthood chronic smokers has not been attached enough importance to as it deserves, and the relationship between the chronic smoking effect and the WM is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate whole - brain WM microstructure of early adulthood smokers and explore the structural correlates of behaviorally relevant features of the disorder. Methods We compared multiple DTI-derived indices, including fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD) and radial diffusivity (RD), between early adulthood smokers (n = 19) and age-, education- and gender-matched controls (n = 23) using a whole-brain tract-based spatial statistics approach...
September 21, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931165/adolescents-and-young-adults-perceptions-of-electronic-cigarettes-as-a-gateway-to-smoking-a-qualitative-study-in-switzerland
#4
Christina Akre, Joan-Carles Suris
Electronic cigarettes (ECs) acting as a gateway to smoking traditional cigarettes (TCs) is a growing public health concern of EC use among youths. To gather the opinions and perceptions of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) on whether and how EC can act as a gateway to smoking TC among youths. A qualitative method included 42 AYAs. Participants identified a significant risk of EC acting as a gateway to TC use, several factors contributing to this phenomenon such as a facilitated transition to smoking or its perception as a harmless toy...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923721/evidence-of-sexual-dimorphism-of-htr1b-gene-on-major-adult-adhd-comorbidities
#5
Diana Müller, Eugenio H Grevet, Alana C Panzenhagen, Renata B Cupertino, Bruna S da Silva, Djenifer B Kappel, Nina R Mota, Paula Blaya-Rocha, Stefania P Teche, Eduardo S Vitola, Luis A Rohde, Verônica Contini, Diego L Rovaris, Jaqueline B Schuch, Claiton H D Bau
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a very common psychiatric disorder across the life cycle and frequently presents comorbidities. Since ADHD is highly heritable, several studies have focused in the underlying genetic factors involved in its etiology. One of the major challenges in this search is the phenotypic heterogeneity, which could be partly attributable to the sexual dimorphism frequently seen in psychiatric disorders. Taking into account the well-known sexual dimorphic effect observed in serotonergic system characteristics, we differentially tested the influence of HTR1B SNPs (rs11568817, rs130058, rs6296 and rs13212041) on ADHD susceptibility and on its major comorbidities according to sex...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922393/a-set-of-nutrient-limitations-trigger-yeast-cell-death-in-a-nitrogen-dependent-manner-during-wine-alcoholic-fermentation
#6
Camille Duc, Martine Pradal, Isabelle Sanchez, Jessica Noble, Catherine Tesnière, Bruno Blondin
Yeast cell death can occur during wine alcoholic fermentation. It is generally considered to result from ethanol stress that impacts membrane integrity. This cell death mainly occurs when grape musts processing reduces lipid availability, resulting in weaker membrane resistance to ethanol. However the mechanisms underlying cell death in these conditions remain unclear. We examined cell death occurrence considering yeast cells ability to elicit an appropriate response to a given nutrient limitation and thus survive starvation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919072/assessment-of-nicotine-withdrawal-induced-changes-in-sucrose-preference-in-mice
#7
Yasmin Alkhlaif, Deniz Bagdas, Asti Jackson, Abigail J Park, Imad M Damaj
Anhedonia, induced by nicotine withdrawal, may serve as an important affective sign that reinforces tobacco use and smoking relapse rates in humans. Animal models provide a way to investigate the underlying neurobiological factors involved in the decrease in responding for positive affective stimuli during nicotine withdrawal and may aid in drug development for nicotine dependence. Thus, we explored the use of the sucrose preference test to measure nicotine withdrawal-induced reduction in response for positive affective stimuli in mice...
September 15, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918457/effects-of-menthol-and-its-interaction-with-nicotine-conditioned-cue-on-nicotine-seeking-behavior-in-rats
#8
Erin Harrison, Lisa Biswas, Ramachandram Avusula, Meiyu Zhang, Yongzhen Gong, Xiu Liu
RATIONALE: Increasing clinical evidence suggests that menthol, a significant flavoring additive in tobacco products, may contribute to smoking and nicotine dependence. Relapse to smoking behavior presents a formidable challenge for the treatment of tobacco addiction. An unresolved issue is whether the mentholation of tobacco products precipitates relapse to tobacco use in abstinent smokers. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the effects of menthol on the perseverance and relapse of nicotine-seeking behavior in rats...
September 16, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913709/unprecedented-anticancer-activities-of-organorhenium-sulfonato-and-carboxylato-complexes-against-hormone-dependent-mcf-7-and-hormone-independent-triple-negative-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells
#9
Paul T Wilder, David J Weber, Angela Winstead, Sabreea Parnell, Tiara V Hinton, Monet Stevenson, Dipak Giri, Samira Azemati, Pola Olczak, Brent V Powell, Tijesunimi Odebode, Solomon Tadesse, Yongchao Zhang, Saroj K Pramanik, James M Wachira, Sujan Ghimire, Pumtiwitt McCarthy, Alexis Barfield, Hirendra N Banerjee, Chao Chen, James A Golen, Arnold L Rheingold, Jeanette A Krause, Douglas M Ho, Peter Y Zavalij, Roosevelt Shaw, Santosh K Mandal
Cisplatin and other metal-based drugs often display side effects and tumor resistance after prolonged use. Because rhenium-based anticancer complexes are often less toxic, a novel series of organorhenium complexes were synthesized of the types: XRe(CO)3Z (X = α-diimines and Z = p-toluenesulfonate, 1-naphthalenesulfonate, 2-naphthalenesulfonate, picolinate, nicotinate, aspirinate, naproxenate, flufenamate, ibuprofenate, mefenamate, tolfenamate, N-acetyl-tryptophanate), and their biological properties were examined...
September 14, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910185/examining-the-effects-of-art-therapy-on-reoccurring-tobacco-use-in-a-taiwanese-youth-population-a-mixed-method-study
#10
Rei-Mei Hong, Su-Er Guo, Chun-Sheng Huang, Cheng Yin
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a primary risk factor affecting mental and physical health worldwide. Many chronic diseases are closely related to smoking. Adolescents in Taiwan are increasingly using tobacco, especially in rural areas. OBJECTIVES: This research project used a mixed-method study to examine the effects of art therapy on smoking cessation in rural Taiwanese youth smokers. METHODS: Participants from years 10-11, were drawn from three senior high schools in Taiwan...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906438/acetylcholinesterase-and-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-in-schistosomes-and-other-parasitic-helminths
#11
REVIEW
Hong You, Chang Liu, Xiaofeng Du, Donald P McManus
Schistosomiasis, which is caused by helminth trematode blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma, is a serious health and economic problem in tropical areas, and the second most prevalent parasitic disease after malaria. Currently, there is no effective vaccine available and treatment is entirely dependent on a single drug, praziquantel (PZQ), raising a significant potential public health threat due to the emergence of PZQ drug resistance. It is thus urgent and necessary to explore novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of schistosomiasis...
September 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905874/ovarian-hormones-and-transdermal-nicotine-administration-independently-and-synergistically-suppress-tobacco-withdrawal-symptoms-and-smoking-reinstatement-in-the-human-laboratory
#12
Raina D Pang, Madalyn M Liautaud, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Jimi Huh, John Monterosso, Adam M Leventhal
Modeling intra-individual fluctuations in estradiol and progesterone may provide unique insight into the effects of ovarian hormones on the etiology and treatment of nicotine dependence. This randomized placebo-controlled laboratory study tested the independent and interactive effects of intra-individual ovarian hormone variation and nicotine on suppression of tobacco withdrawal symptoms and smoking behavior. Female smokers randomized to 21 mg. nicotine (TNP; n=37) or placebo (PBO; n=43) transdermal patch following overnight abstinence completed three sessions occurring during hormonally distinct menstrual cycle phases...
September 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905473/does-multigenerational-exposure-to-hormetic-concentrations-of-imidacloprid-precondition-aphids-for-increased-insecticide-tolerance
#13
Rachel R Rix, G Christopher Cutler
BACKGROUND: Hormetic preconditioning, whereby exposure to mild stress primes an organism to better tolerate subsequent stress, is well documented. It is unknown if exposure to hormetic concentrations of insecticide can trans-generationally prime insects to better tolerate insecticide exposure, or whether exposure to hormetic concentrations of insecticide can induce mutations in genes responsible for insecticide resistance. Using the aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and insecticide imidacloprid as a model, we examined if exposure to mildly toxic and hormetic concentrations of imidacloprid reduced aphid susceptibility to insecticides across four generations, and whether such exposures induced mutations in the imidacloprid binding site in post-synaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors...
September 14, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900078/-polymorphic-variants-of-glutamate-receptor-grik5-grin2b-and-serotonin-receptor-htr2a-genes-are-associated-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
G F Korytina, L Z Akhmadishina, O V Kochetova, Y G Aznabaeva, Sh Z Zagidullin, T V Victorova
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory system that affects primarily distal respiratory pathways and lung parenchyma. Smoking tobacco is a major risk factor for COPD. The relationship of HTR4 (rs3995090), HTR2A (rs6313), GRIK5 (rs8099939), GRIN2B (rs2268132), and CHRNB4 (rs1948) gene polymorphisms and COPD, as well as the contribution of these polymorphisms to the variations in quantitative characteristics that describe respiratory function, smoking behavior, and nicotine dependence was assessed in an ethnically homogeneous Tatar population...
July 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899504/horizontal-natural-product-transfer-a-potential-source-of-alkaloidal-contaminants-in-phytopharmaceuticals
#15
Mahdi Yahyazadeh, Melanie Nowak, Heiko Kima, Dirk Selmar
BACKGROUND: It was recently shown that nicotine and pyrrolizidine alkaloids that leach out from decomposing plant material (donor plants) are subsequently taken up by the roots of acceptor plants and translocated into their leaves. Furthermore, it is well established that plant roots take up xenobiotics, generally by simple diffusion, and that this passive import depends on the physico-chemical properties of the substances. HYPOTHESIS: Based on the well-known uptake of xenobiotics, we assumed that in analogy, the uptake of alkaloids, which are leached out from plant material (donor plants) represents a quite general feature of plant biology...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898485/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-dorsal-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-inhibits-medial-orbitofrontal-activity-in-smokers
#16
Xingbao Li, Gregory L Sahlem, Bashar W Badran, Lisa M McTeague, Colleen A Hanlon, Karen J Hartwell, Scott Henderson, Mark S George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), can reduce cue-elicited craving in smokers. Currently, the mechanism of this effect is unknown. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore the effect of a single treatment of rTMS on cortical and sub-cortical neural activity in non-treatment seeking nicotine-dependent participants. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, counterbalanced, crossover trial in which participants attended two experimental visits separated by at least 1 week...
September 12, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898403/healthcare-financing-systems-for-increasing-the-use-of-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Floor A van den Brand, Gera E Nagelhout, Ayalu A Reda, Bjorn Winkens, Silvia M A A Evers, Daniel Kotz, Onno Cp van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide, which makes it essential to stimulate smoking cessation. The financial cost of smoking cessation treatment can act as a barrier to those seeking support. We hypothesised that provision of financial assistance for people trying to quit smoking, or reimbursement of their care providers, could lead to an increased rate of successful quit attempts. This is an update of the original 2005 review. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to assess the impact of reducing the costs for tobacco smokers or healthcare providers for using or providing smoking cessation treatment through healthcare financing interventions on abstinence from smoking...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898079/a-general-route-to-include-pauli-repulsion-and-quantum-dispersion-effects-in-qm-mm-approaches
#18
Tommaso Giovannini, Piero Lafiosca, Chiara Cappelli
A methodology to account for non-electrostatic interactions in Quantum Mechanical (QM)/Molecular Mechanics(MM) approaches is developed. Formulations for Pauli repulsion and dispersion energy, explicitly depending on the QM density are derived. Such expressions are based on the definition of an auxiliary density on the MM portion and the Tkatchenko-Scheffler (TS) approach, respectively. The developed method is general enough to be applied to any QM/MM method and partition, provided an accurate tuning of a small number of parameters is obtained...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893086/older-african-american-homeless-experienced-smokers-attitudes-toward-tobacco-control-policies-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#19
Maya Vijayaraghavan, Pamela Olsen, John Weeks, Karma McKelvey, Claudia Ponath, Margot Kushel
PURPOSE: To examine attitudes toward tobacco control policies among older African American homeless-experienced smokers. APPROACH: A qualitative study. SETTING: Oakland, California. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two African American older homeless-experienced smokers who were part of a longitudinal study on health and health-related outcomes (Health Outcomes of People Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle Age Study). METHOD: We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews with each participant to explore beliefs and attitudes toward tobacco use and cessation, barriers to smoking cessation, and attitudes toward current tobacco control strategies including raising cigarette prices, smoke-free policies, and graphic warning labels...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892072/neuregulin-signaling-pathway-in-smoking-behavior
#20
R Gupta, B Qaiser, L He, T S Hiekkalinna, A B Zheutlin, S Therman, M Ollikainen, S Ripatti, M Perola, V Salomaa, L Milani, T D Cannon, P A F Madden, T Korhonen, J Kaprio, A Loukola
Understanding molecular processes that link comorbid traits such as addictions and mental disorders can provide novel therapeutic targets. Neuregulin signaling pathway (NSP) has previously been implicated in schizophrenia, a neurodevelopmental disorder with high comorbidity to smoking. Using a Finnish twin family sample, we have previously detected association between nicotine dependence and ERBB4 (a neuregulin receptor), and linkage for smoking initiation at the ERBB4 locus on 2q33. Further, Neuregulin3 has recently been shown to associate with nicotine withdrawal in a behavioral mouse model...
August 22, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
19238
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"