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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458154/the-effect-of-endoscopic-surveillance-in-patients-with-barrett-s-esophagus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Don Chamil Codipilly, Apoorva Krishna Chandar, Siddharth Singh, Sachin Wani, Nicholas J Shaheen, John M Inadomi, Amitabh Chak, Prasad G Iyer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Guidelines recommend endoscopic surveillance of patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) to identify those with dysplasia (a precursor of carcinoma) or early-stage esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), who can be treated endoscopically. However, it is unclear whether surveillance increases survival times of patients with BE. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to qualitatively and quantitatively examine evidence for the association of endoscopic surveillance in patients with BE with survival and other outcomes...
February 16, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457916/systematic-review-of-psychiatric-signs-in-niemann-pick-disease-type-c
#2
Olivier Bonnot, Hans-Hermann Klünemann, Christian Velten, Juan Vicente Torres Martin, Mark Walterfang
OBJECTIVES: We conducted the first systematic literature review and analysis of psychiatric manifestations in Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) to describe: 1) time of occurrence of psychiatric manifestations relative to other disease manifestations; 2) frequent combinations of psychiatric, neurological and visceral disease manifestations. METHODS: A systematic EMBase literature search was conducted to identify, collate and analyze published data from patients with NPC associated with psychiatric symptoms, published between January 1967 and November 2015...
February 19, 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457239/patient-care-to-public-health-to-synthetic-biology
#3
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
The January-February 2018 issue of the Hastings Center Report includes pieces addressing patient care concerns that lie at the original core of bioethics and pieces that reflect the field's growing breadth. Among the pieces getting at the original core is an article by philosopher Daniel Brudney on the moral values underpinning surrogate decision-making. The article and the two commentaries that follow it contribute to the debate on the moral authority of surrogate decision-makers. Several items in the issue take up matters of public health and health policy...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457238/rationing-care-through-collaboration-and-shared-values
#4
James E Sabin
Although "rationing" continues to be a dirty word for the public in health policy discourse, Nir Eyal and colleagues handle the concept exactly right in their article in this issue of the Hastings Center Report. They correctly characterize rationing as an ethical requirement, not a moral abomination. They identify the key health policy question as how rationing can best be done, not whether it should be done at all. They make a cogent defense of what they call "rationing through inconvenience" as a justifiable allocational technique...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457234/community-engagement-and-field-trials-of-genetically-modified-insects-and-animals
#5
Carolyn P Neuhaus
New techniques for the genetic modification of organisms are creating new strategies for addressing persistent public health challenges. For example, the company Oxitec has conducted field trials internationally-and has attempted to conduct field trials in the United States-of a genetically modified mosquito that can be used to control dengue, Zika, and some other mosquito-borne diseases. In 2016, a report commissioned by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine discussed the potential benefits and risks of another strategy, using gene drives...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456962/neuroectodermally-derived-neoplasm-of-tonsil-difficulty-in-histomorphological-diagnosis
#6
Albina Venus, Sangita Sharma Mehta
Esthesioneuroblastomas are rare neuroectodermally derived neoplasms occurring in the upper nasal septum or cribriform plate. They have been rarely reported in other sites, when they are called ectopic esthesioneuroblastomas. Due to the scarcity of reports, publications and molecular/genetic studies of these tumours, their diagnosis is likely to be missed when they are ectopic. Similar to the case report in this journal by Zahedi et al., we had a case of neuroectodermally derived neoplasm of the tonsil, which was difficult to diagnose, due to the site of occurrence being unknown for these tumours...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456780/attitudes-of-jordanian-adolescent-students-toward-overweight-and-obesity
#7
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456712/microrna-144-functions-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-gastric-cancer-by-targeting-cyclooxygenase-2
#8
Qiang Yao, Anxin Gu, Zhuozhong Wang, Yingwei Xue
Gastric cancer (GC) poses a serious public health threat and the 5-year survival rate of patients with GC is low. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) may serve oncogenic or tumor suppressor functions during tumorigenesis by regulating cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion and it has been demonstrated that they may be dysregulated in various types of cancer. The present study demonstrated that miR-144 and GATA4 were downregulated in GC tissues and cell lines and suggested that this may be due to hypermethylation...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456603/successful-management-of-70-acetic-acid-ingestion-on-the-intensive-care-unit-a-case-report
#9
Andrew Ratcliffe, Andrew Baker, Daniel Smith
Acetic acid is an organic acid available in concentrations from 2 to 80%. Whilst lower concentrations of 2-6% are more commonly used as the table top condiment, vinegar, much stronger solutions are regularly used in Eastern Europe as food preservatives and cleaning solutions. Oral ingestion of greater than 12% has been reported to cause haemolysis, renal failure, shock and death. Most reported cases of deliberate or accidental poisoning are from Russia and Eastern Europe in the 1980s, with very little currently in western publications...
February 2018: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456427/the-experience-of-diabetes-related-language-in-diabetes-care
#10
Jane K Dickinson
Objective: The goal of this study was to understand how adults with diabetes experience the words used in diabetes care. Methods: This qualitative study guided by Critical Theory used two virtual and two in-person focus groups conducted by the same facilitator. A total of 68 focus group members participated. The facilitator transcribed and coded focus group data using individual responses as the unit of analysis. The facilitator used constant comparison to analyze responses and developed a research summary of themes that emerged...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456386/perception-of-patient-safety-culture-among-health-care-providers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-south-india
#11
Adhisakthi Rajalatchumi, Thanjavur S Ravikumar, Kaliaperumal Muruganandham, Mahalakshmy Thulasingam, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Mahendra M Reddy, Balachander Jayaraman
Introduction: Patient safety is a global concern and is the most important domains of health-care quality. Medical error is a major patient safety concern, causing increase in health-care cost due to mortality, morbidity, or prolonged hospital stay. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the perceptions on patient safety culture among health-care providers (HCPs) at a public sector tertiary care hospital in South India. Settings and Design: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted 1 year after patient safety initiatives were implemented...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456376/academic-stress-and-prevalence-of-stress-related-self-medication-among-undergraduate-female-students-of-health-and-non-health-cluster-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-saudi-arabia
#12
Fatima Al Rasheed, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Objective: The objective was to report academic stress and prevalence of stress-related self-medication among undergraduate female students of health and nonhealth cluster colleges at a public sector university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A 5-month cross-sectional survey was conducted in the university. The survey included the English version of 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to report self-perceived stress. Student responses were analyzed by SPSS version 22 software...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456191/comparative-efficacy-of-low-dose-versus-standard-dose-azithromycin-for-patients-with-yaws-a-randomised-non-inferiority-trial-in-ghana-and-papua-new-guinea
#13
Michael Marks, Oriol Mitjà, Christian Bottomley, Cynthia Kwakye, Wendy Houinei, Mathias Bauri, Paul Adwere, Abdul A Abdulai, Fredrick Dua, Laud Boateng, James Wangi, Sally-Ann Ohene, Regina Wangnapi, Shirley V Simpson, Helen Miag, Kennedy K Addo, Laud A Basing, Damien Danavall, Kai H Chi, Allan Pillay, Ronald Ballard, Anthony W Solomon, Cheng Y Chen, Sibauk V Bieb, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, David C W Mabey, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: A dose of 30 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for treatment of yaws, a disease targeted for global eradication. Treatment with 20 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for the elimination of trachoma as a public health problem. In some settings, these diseases are co-endemic. We aimed to determine the efficacy of 20 mg/kg of azithromycin compared with 30 mg/kg azithromycin for the treatment of active and latent yaws. METHODS: We did a non-inferiority, open-label, randomised controlled trial in children aged 6-15 years who were recruited from schools in Ghana and schools and the community in Papua New Guinea...
February 15, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456051/computerization-of-health-warnings-and-incident-reports-for-materials-vigilance-in-the-marseille-public-hospitals
#14
B Lassale, J Ragni, L Succamiele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455870/detection-and-incidence-of-bordetella-holmesii-in-respiratory-specimens-from-patients-with-pertussis-like-symptoms-in-new-south-wales-australia
#15
Winkie Fong, Verlaine Timms, Nadine Holmes, Vitali Sintchenko
Bordetella pertussis, the aetiological agent of whooping cough is routinely diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) directed at IS481, an insertion sequence target also found in Bordetella holmesii. Recent reports have suggested that B. holmesii infections can be misdiagnosed as pertussis, which can have a significant impact on public health surveillance. This study investigated the presence of B. holmesii in B. pertussis positive clinical samples, in order to determine the incidence of B. holmesii. Clinical cases of pertussis diagnosed by IS481-specific PCR between October 2008 and March 2016 in New South Wales were included...
February 15, 2018: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455843/the-potential-for-spills-and-leaks-of-contaminated-liquids-from-shale-gas-developments
#16
S A Clancy, F Worrall, R J Davies, J G Gluyas
Rapid growth of hydraulic fracturing for shale gas within the USA and the possibility of shale developments within Europe has created public concern about the risks of spills and leaks associated with the industry. Reports from the Texas Railroad Commission (1999 to 2015) and the Colorado Oil and Gas Commission (2009 to 2015) were used to examine spill rates from oil and gas well pads. Pollution incident records for England and road transport incident data for the UK were examined as an analogue for potential offsite spills associated with transport for a developing shale industry...
January 31, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455718/precollege-sexual-violence-perpetration-and-associated-risk-and-protective-factors-among-male-college-freshmen-in-georgia
#17
Laura F Salazar, Kevin M Swartout, Monica H Swahn, Alexandra L Bellis, Jhetari Carney, Kevin J Vagi, Colby Lokey
PURPOSE: Sexual violence (SV) perpetration on college campuses is a serious and prevalent public health issue in the U.S. In response, incoming male freshmen are mandated to receive SV prevention programming. To provide a more effective response, however, we need to understand the SV behaviors of male freshmen before they arrive on campus and the associated factors that contribute to risk and that afford protection, areas that have received limited attention. METHODS: Male freshmen (N = 1,133) across 30 selected 4-year colleges and universities throughout the state of Georgia were recruited for a longitudinal study on SV perpetration...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455708/developing-public-health-initiatives-through-understanding-motivations-of-the-audience-at-mass-gathering-events
#18
Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Matthew Brendan Munn
This report identifies what is known about audience motivations at three different mass-gathering events: outdoor music festivals, religious events, and sporting events. In light of these motivations, the paper discusses how these can be harnessed by the event organizer and Emergency Medical Services. Lastly, motivations tell what kinds of interventions can be used to achieve an understanding of audience characteristics and the opportunity to develop tailor-made programs to maximize safety and make long-lasting public health interventions to a particular "cohort" or event population...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455698/stop-the-bleed-the-effect-of-hemorrhage-control-education-on-laypersons-willingness-to-respond-during-a-traumatic-medical-emergency
#19
Elliot M Ross, Theodore T Redman, Julian G Mapp, Derek J Brown, Kaori Tanaka, Craig W Cooley, Chetan U Kharod, David A Wampler
BACKGROUND: The "Stop the Bleed" campaign advocates for non-medical personnel to be trained in basic hemorrhage control. However, it is not clear what type of education or the duration of instruction needed to meet that requirement. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a brief hemorrhage control educational curriculum on the willingness of laypersons to respond during a traumatic emergency. METHODS: This "Stop the Bleed" education initiative was conducted by the University of Texas Health San Antonio Office of the Medical Director (San Antonio, Texas USA) between September 2016 and March 2017...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455692/a-non-invasive-assessment-of-skin-carotenoid-status-through-reflection-spectroscopy-is-a-feasible-reliable-and-potentially-valid-measure-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-a-diverse-community-sample
#20
Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts, Lisa Jahns, Qiang Wu, Nancy E Moran, Ronny A Bell, Kimberly P Truesdale, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, reliability and validity of reflection spectroscopy (RS) to assess skin carotenoids in a racially diverse sample. DESIGN: Study 1 was a cross-sectional study of corner store customers (n 479) who completed the National Cancer Institute Fruit and Vegetable Screener as well as RS measures. Feasibility was assessed by examining the time it took to complete three RS measures, reliability was assessed by examining the variation between three RS measures, and validity was examined by correlation with self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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