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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823111/welfare-to-work-interventions-and-their-effects-on-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-lone-parents-and-their-children
#1
REVIEW
Marcia Gibson, Hilary Thomson, Kasia Banas, Vittoria Lutje, Martin J McKee, Susan P Martin, Candida Fenton, Clare Bambra, Lyndal Bond
BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823102/the-etiology-of-primary-hyperhidrosis-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Moshe Hashmonai, Alan E P Cameron, Cliff P Connery, Noel Perin, Peter B Licht
PURPOSE: Primary hyperhidrosis is a pathological disorder of unknown etiology, affecting 0.6-5% of the population, and causing severe functional and social handicaps. As the etiology is unknown, it is not possible to treat the root cause. Recently some differences between affected and non-affected people have been reported. The aim of this review is to summarize these new etiological data. METHODS: Search of the literature was performed in the PubMed/Medline Database and pertinent articles were retrieved and reviewed...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822850/an-assessment-of-food-safety-information-provision-for-uk-chemotherapy-patients-to-reduce-the-risk-of-foodborne-infection
#3
E W Evans, E C Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Given the increased risk of foodborne infection to cancer patients receiving chemotherapy treatment, and the risk of listeriosis reportedly five-times greater to this immunocompromised patient group, there is a need to ensure the implementation of domestic food safety practices among chemotherapy patients and their family caregivers. However, information regarding the adequacy of resources to inform and enable patients to implement domestic food safety practices to reduce the risk of foodborne infection is limited...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822735/-the-care-of-skin-lesions-caused-by-extravasation-of-intravenous-fluids-in-peripheral-venous-perfusion
#4
C Ly
INTRODUCTION: Infiltration and extravasation account for 23-78 % of the complications stemming from peripheral venous perfusions in neonatal intensive care units. Their consequences, sometimes dramatic, can be pain, infections, or even loss of skin, which can lead to nerve and/or muscle damage, particularly severe for preterm neonates. Today there are no recommendations on the care of these lesions, which can lead to an erroneous choice or to a delay in the possible treatments. OBJECTIVE: This review of the literature aims to explore and propose elements of therapeutic care collected in the scientific literature...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822682/a-systematic-review-of-digital-interventions-for-improving-the-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adolescents
#5
REVIEW
Taylor Rose, Mary Barker, Chandni Maria Jacob, Leanne Morrison, Wendy Lawrence, Sofia Strömmer, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, David Farrell, Hazel Inskip, Janis Baird
Many adolescents have poor diet and physical activity behaviors, which can lead to the development of noncommunicable diseases in later life. Digital platforms offer inexpensive means of delivering health interventions, but little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of digital interventions to improve diet quality and increase physical activity in adolescents, to effective intervention components and to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822615/alcohol-use-and-problem-drinking-among-women-firefighters
#6
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
OBJECTIVES: Given high levels of occupational stress and toxic exposures, firefighters have a relatively high prevalence of occupationally related medical and mental health disorders compared with the general public. Previous research found high rates of heavy and binge drinking among male firefighters. This study is the first to examine alcohol use among women firefighters. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a national online survey of women, career firefighters...
August 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822311/lingular-segment-torsion-following-a-left-upper-division-segmentectomy
#7
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Sayako Takahara, Tomonori Furugen, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata
INTRODUCTION: Numerous publications regarding lung torsion have reported lobar torsion after lobectomy. On the other hand, torsion of the remaining segment after segmentectomy is extremely rare. We herein report a rare case of lingular segment torsion following a left upper division segmentectomy. CASE: A 68-year old female underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy of the left upper division. She underwent chest radiography immediately after the initial surgery, which revealed complete expansion on the operated side...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821546/a-supervised-statistical-learning-approach-for-accurate-legionella-pneumophila-source-attribution-during-outbreaks
#8
Andrew H Buultjens, Kyra Y L Chua, Sarah L Baines, Jason Kwong, Wei Gao, Zoe Cutcher, Stuart Adcock, Susan Ballard, Mark B Schultz, Takehiro Tomita, Nela Subasinghe, Glen P Carter, Sacha J Pidot, Lucinda Franklin, Torsten Seemann, Anders Gonçalves Da Silva, Benjamin P Howden, Timothy P Stinear
Public health agencies are increasingly relying on genomics during Legionnaires' disease investigations. However, the causative bacterium (Legionella pneumophila) has an unusual population structure with extreme temporal and spatial genome sequence conservation. Furthermore, Legionnaires' disease outbreaks can be caused by multiple L. pneumophila genotypes in a single source. These factors can confound cluster identification using standard phylogenomic methods. Here, we show that a statistical learning approach based onL...
August 18, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821526/development-and-testing-of-the-culture-of-care-barometer-cocb-in-healthcare-organisations-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Anne Marie Rafferty, Julia Philippou, Joanne M Fitzpatrick, Geoff Pike, Jane Ball
OBJECTIVE: Concerns about care quality have prompted calls to create workplace cultures conducive to high-quality, safe and compassionate care and to provide a supportive environment in which staff can operate effectively. How healthcare organisations assess their culture of care is an important first step in creating such cultures. This article reports on the development and validation of a tool, the Culture of Care Barometer, designed to assess perceptions of a caring culture among healthcare workers preliminary to culture change...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821522/evidence-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-dental-fear-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Stefano Cianetti, Luigi Paglia, Roberto Gatto, Alessandro Montedori, Eleonora Lupatelli
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In our systematic review, we will include randomised trials, controlled clinical rials and systematic reviews (SRs) of trials that investigated the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to decrease dental anxiety in children and adolescents...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821509/does-tai-chi-improve-psychological-well-being-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-or-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Guoyan Yang, Wenyuan Li, Huijuan Cao, Nerida Klupp, Jianping Liu, Alan Bensoussan, Hosen Kiat, Dennis Chang
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Psychological risk factors such as stress, anxiety and depression are known to play a significant and independent role in the development and progression of CVD and its risk factors. Tai Chi has been reported to be potentially effective for health and well-being. It is of value to assess the effectiveness and safety of Tai Chi on psychological well-being and quality of life in people with CVD and/or cardiovascular risk factors...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821331/nontuberculous-mycobacterium-infections-associated-with-heater-cooler-devices
#12
Keith B Allen, David D Yuh, Suzanne B Schwartz, Richard A Lange, Richard Hopkins, Kelly Bauer, Julia A Marders, Jose Delgado Donayre, Nicole Milligan, Catherine Wentz
BACKGROUND: Disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterium infections have occurred following surgical procedures involving extracorporeal circulation; contaminated water from heater-cooler devices (HCDs) has been implicated as the source. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the public health concern and to educate physicians who care for this patient population. METHODS: The Food and Drug Administration Medical Device Reporting (MDR) database was queried for reports received between January 2010 and August 2016 for patient infections and device contaminations associated with the use of HCDs...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821010/willingness-to-pay-for-safe-drinking-water-a-contingent-valuation-study-in-jacksonville-fl
#13
Chiradip Chatterjee, Russell Triplett, Christopher K Johnson, Parvez Ahmed
A surprising number of U.S. cities have drinking water with unhealthy levels of chemicals and contaminants. The city of Jacksonville (Florida), the location for this study, owns the dubious distinction of being ranked among the worst major American cities in water quality according to water quality tests conducted between 2005 and 2009 by the Environmental Working Group (EWG). This report of toxic chemicals in the Jacksonville water supply generated considerable negative publicity and coincides with a frequent and common complaint among residents of foul-smelling water...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821007/measurement-tools-for-mental-health-problems-and-mental-well-being-in-people-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Samantha Flynn, Leen Vereenooghe, Richard P Hastings, Dawn Adams, Sally-Ann Cooper, Nick Gore, Chris Hatton, Kerry Hood, Andrew Jahoda, Peter E Langdon, Rachel McNamara, Chris Oliver, Ashok Roy, Vasiliki Totsika, Jane Waite
Mental health problems affect people with intellectual disabilities (ID) at rates similar to or in excess of the non-ID population. People with severe ID are likely to have persistent mental health problems. In this systematic review (PROSPERO 2015:CRD42015024469), we identify and evaluate the methodological quality of available measures of mental health problems or well-being in individuals with severe or profound ID. Electronic searches of ten databases identified relevant publications. Two reviewers independently reviewed titles and abstracts of retrieved records (n=41,232) and full-text articles (n=573)...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#15
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820771/sexual-violence-among-college-students-an-examination-of-individual-and-institutional-level-factors-associated-with-perpetration
#16
Carolyn M Porta, Michelle A Mathiason, Katherine Lust, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence incidents involving college students have received media attention and increased awareness of this public health problem in the United States; prevention efforts are needed that target potential perpetrators. We examined characteristics of self-reported perpetrators of sexual violence on campuses. METHODS: This study used a secondary data analysis of the 2015 College Student Health Survey, an annual survey, which was completed by students attending 17 colleges/universities in Minnesota...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820714/epidemiology-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-colombian-municipality
#17
Diego Alejandro Medina-Morales, Manuel E Machado-Duque, Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba
This study describes the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of leishmaniasis and the pharmacological treatment of this disease in the municipality of Pueblo Rico, Risaralda, between January 2010 and December 2014. An observational study was conducted using information from the clinical records and epidemiological reports of patients diagnosed and confirmed with leishmaniasis of any age and sex, including sociodemographic, clinical, and pharmacological variables of the therapy received. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820711/molecular-epidemiology-of-cholera-outbreaks-during-the-rainy-season-in-mandalay-myanmar
#18
Amonrattana Roobthaisong, Kazuhisa Okada, Nilar Htun, Wah Wah Aung, Warawan Wongboot, Watcharaporn Kamjumphol, Aye Aye Han, Yi Yi, Shigeyuki Hamada
Cholera, caused by Vibrio cholerae, remains a global threat to public health. In Myanmar, the availability of published information on the occurrence of the disease is scarce. We report here that cholera incidence in Mandalay generally exhibited a single annual peak, with an annual average of 312 patients with severe dehydration over the past 5 years (since 2011) and was closely associated with the rainy season. We analyzed cholera outbreaks, characterized 67 isolates of V. cholerae serogroup O1 in 2015 from patients from Mandalay, and compared them with 22 V...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820621/-doctors-killed-my-baby-argumentative-patterns-in-medical-disputes-in-china
#19
Dawei Pan
The recent surge in medical disputes requires that more attention be paid to the voices of laypeople. This article explores the argumentative nature of the public discourse of the reported "malpractice mobs" that strive to convince members of the public (in the place of health or legal experts) that they have been victims of medical errors and injustice. This case-based qualitative empirical study uses a pragma-dialectical approach to suggest a prototypical pattern of such public appeals that contains a basic argumentative pattern and various types of extensions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820506/physiological-and-ecological-implications-of-an-iron-or-hydrogen-oxidizing-member-of-the-zetaproteobacteria-ghiorsea-bivora-gen-nov-sp-nov
#20
Jiro F Mori, Jarrod J Scott, Kevin W Hager, Craig L Moyer, Kirsten Küsel, David Emerson
Chemosynthetic Fe-oxidizing communities are common at diffuse-flow hydrothermal vents throughout the world's oceans. The foundational members of these communities are the Zetaproteobacteria, a class of Proteobacteria that is primarily associated with ecosystems fueled by ferrous iron, Fe(II). We report here the discovery of two new isolates of Zetaproteobacteria isolated from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (TAG-1), and the Mariana back-arc (SV-108), that are unique in that they can utilize either Fe(II) or molecular hydrogen (H2) as sole electron donor and oxygen as terminal electron acceptor for growth...
August 18, 2017: ISME Journal
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