keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intima-media thickness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545166/childhood-predictors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
O Ajala, F Mold, C Boughton, D Cooke, M Whyte
Childhood obesity predicts the risk of adult adiposity, which is associated with the earlier onset of cardiovascular disease [adult atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, ACVD: hypertension, increased carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD)] and dysglycaemia. Because it is not known whether childhood obesity contributes to these diseases, we conducted a systematic review of studies that examine the ability of measures of obesity in childhood to predict dysglycaemia and ACVD...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543093/relationship-between-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-coronary-artery-calcification-in-asymptomatic-diabetic-patients-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#2
Anand Jeevarethinam, Shreenidhi Venuraju, Alain Dumo, Sherezade Ruano, Vishal S Mehta, Miranda Rosenthal, Devaki Nair, Mark Cohen, Daniel Darko, Avijit Lahiri, Roby Rakhit
BACKGROUND: The value of screening sub-clinical atherosclerosis in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains controversial. HYPOTHESIS: An integrated model incorporating carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid plaque with traditional risk factors can be used to predict prevalence and severity of coronary artery calcification in asymptomatic T2DM patients. METHODS: A cohort of 262 asymptomatic T2DM patients were prospectively studied with carotid ultrasound to evaluate CIMT and carotid plaque and also a computed tomography coronary artery calcium (CT-CAC) scan...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542803/early-gestational-age-at-preeclampsia-onset-is-associated-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis-12-years-after-delivery
#3
Martin Christensen, Camilla Skovhus Kronborg, Rasmus Kirkeskov Carlsen, Nikolaj Eldrup, Ulla Breth Knudsen
Women with a history of preeclampsia have increased risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. However, it is unclear if early gestational age at preeclampsia onset is associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk. This study aimed to test the association between gestational age at preeclampsia onset (including the early-onset/late-onset preeclampsia distinction) and subclinical atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness in age-matched women 12 years after index pregnancy MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eligible participants were identified in two Danish registries...
May 23, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542516/evaluation-of-the-systemic-micro-and-macrovasculature-in-stable-angina-a-case-control-study
#4
Ulf Neisius, Erin Olson, Sabrina H Rossi, Hagar A Ibrahim, Gemma Currie, Anna F Dominiczak, Christian Delles
AIMS: The diagnosis of stable angina involves the use of probability estimates based on clinical presentation, age, gender and cardiovascular risk factors. In view of the link between the cardiac and systemic vasculature we tested whether non-invasive measures of systemic micro- and macrovascular structure and function differentiate between individuals with flow-limiting coronary artery disease (CAD) and those with normal coronary arteries (NCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited 84 patients undergoing elective coronary angiography for investigation of symptoms of stable angina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540199/role-of-different-imaging-modalities-of-vascular-calcification-in-predicting-outcomes-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
REVIEW
Sinee Disthabanchong, Sarinya Boongird
Vascular calcification (VC) is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The severity of VC is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. Risk factors for VC include traditional cardiovascular risk factors as well as CKD-related risk factors such as increased calcium and phosphate load. VC is observed in arteries of all sizes from small arterioles to aorta, both in the intima and the media of arterial wall. Several imaging techniques have been utilized in the evaluation of the extent and the severity of VC...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539704/comparison-of-antidiabetic-medications-during-the-treatment-of-atherosclerosis-in-t2dm-patients
#6
Xiaojie Liu, Tao Mei, Wei Chen, Shandong Ye
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with arterial atherosclerosis in large blood vessels. We set out to elucidate whether commonly used antidiabetic drugs metformin, sitagliptin, and pioglitazone will reduce atherosclerosis in T2DM patients. We enrolled 176 individuals with type 2 diabetes, which were divided into four treatment groups according to different oral drugs: metformin alone, sitagliptin alone, pioglitazone alone, or combination of metformin and sitagliptin. We assessed changes in glycometabolism, lipid metabolism, cytokine released, and carotid artery intima-media thickness as the readout for improvement in atherosclerosis...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539201/the-association-between-ghrelin-levels-and-markers-of-arterial-stiffness-and-inflammatory-markers-in-saudi-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Tarek Mohamed Ali, Osama Mahmoud Mehanna, Ahmad El Askary
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is a principal cardiovascular risk factor. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a predisposing factor to arterial stiffness and persistent MetS circumstances can deteriorate the arterial stiffness severity. Low concentrations of plasma ghrelin are meticulously connected to arterial stiffness. This work targeted to judge the relationship between plasma ghrelin levels and intima-media thickness (IMT) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as markers of arterial stiffness and inflammatory markers and in Saudi subjects with MetS...
May 12, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537783/association-of-mild-to-moderate-reduction-in-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
Florina Parv, Andrei Beceanu, Rodica Avram, Romulus Zorin Timar, Bogdan Timar, Florica Gadalean
BACKGROUND: Due to loss of hormonal protective effects, postmenopausal women have an increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a well-established risk factor for CV disease, but little is known whether mild-to-moderate kidney dysfunction is associated with atherosclerosis burden in the postmenopausal asymptomatic women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subclinical atherosclerosis was evaluated in 125 postmenopausal women with no clinical form of atherosclerosis, by carotid and femoral ultrasonography, ankle-brachial index (ABI), and flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537106/vasoreactivity-in-cadasil-comparison-to-structural-mri-and-neuropsychology
#9
Fiona C Moreton, Breda Cullen, Christian Delles, Celestine Santosh, Rosario L Gonzalez, Krishna Dani, Keith W Muir
Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity precedes histological and clinical evidence of CADASIL in animal models. We aimed to more fully characterise peripheral and cerebral vascular function and reactivity in a cohort of adult CADASIL patients, and explore the associations of these with conventional clinical, imaging and neuropsychological measures. A total of 22 adults with CADASIL gave informed consent to participate in an exploratory study of vascular function in CADASIL. Clinical assessment, comprehensive vascular assessment, MRI and neuropsychological testing were conducted...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529199/can-fetuin-a-be-a-marker-for-insulin-resistance-and-poor-glycemic-control-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Ülkü Gül Sıraz, Murat Doğan, Nihal Hatipoğlu, Sabahttin Muhtaroğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Backgroud Metabolic impairment in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) with poor glycemic control causes insulin resistance, Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and atherosclerosis; thus, increased Carotid-intima media thickness (CIMT). The Fetuin-A has protective effect in cardiovascular disorders, which is increased in hepatosteatosis. We aimed to investigate reliability of Fetuin-A levels in early detection of diabetic complications in children with T1DM and to identify a cut-off value that may show poor metabolic control...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528401/cardiovascular-disease-biomarkers-are-associated-with-declining-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetes
#11
Sara J Jenks, Bryan R Conway, Stela McLachlan, Wei Leng Teoh, Rachel M Williamson, David J Webb, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Mark W J Strachan, Jackie F Price
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated whether biochemical cardiovascular risk factors and/or markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease were associated with the development of reduced renal function in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A cohort of 1066 Scottish men and women aged 60-74 years with type 2 diabetes from the Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study were followed up for a median of 6.7 years. New-onset reduced renal function was defined as two eGFRs <60 ml(-1) min(-1) (1...
May 20, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525540/alcohol-consumption-and-common-carotid-intima-media-thickness-the-use-imt-study
#12
Annie R Britton, Diederick E Grobbee, Hester M den Ruijter, Todd J Anderson, Moise Desvarieux, Gunnar Engström, Greg W Evans, Bo Hedblad, Jussi Kauhanen, Sudhir Kurl, Eva M Lonn, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Joseph F Polak, Jacqueline F Price, Christopher M Rembold, Maria Rosvall, Tatjana Rundek, Jukka T Salonen, Coen Stehouwer, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Michiel L Bots
Aims: Epidemiological evidence indicates a protective effect of light to moderate alcohol consumption compared to non-drinking and heavy drinking. Although several mechanisms have been suggested, the effect of alcohol on atherosclerotic changes in vessel walls is unclear. Therefore, we explored the relationship between alcohol consumption and common carotid intima media thickness, a marker of early atherosclerosis in the general population. Methods: Individual participant data from eight cohorts, involving 37,494 individuals from the USE-IMT collaboration were used...
May 19, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525354/the-relationship-between-insulin-resistance-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-obese-adolescents
#13
Preneet Cheema Brar, Payal Patel, Stuart Katz
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction share a reciprocal relationship that links the metabolic and cardiovascular sequelae of obesity. We characterized the brachial artery reactivity testing (BART) and carotid artery-intima media thickness (CIMT) in adolescents categorized as obese insulin resistant (OIR) and obese not insulin resistant (ONIR). Lipoprotein particle (p) analysis and inflammatory cytokines in OIR and ONIR groups were also analyzed. METHODS: Obese adolescents (n=40; mean body mass index [BMI] 35...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524833/promoting-vasa-vasorum-neovascularization-of-vein-grafts-extenuates-hypoxia-of-the-wall-and-its-subsequent-influence-on-intimal-hyperplasia
#14
Rong-Jiang Zou, Zheng-Hua Wang, Chen-Xi Wang, Song Xue
BACKGROUND: The autologous saphenous vein is the most common conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting, but the vein graft disease will occur. This study used Matrigel basement membrane matrix with many different growth factors to promote vasa vasorum neovascularization and extenuate the hypoxia to improve remodeling. METHODS: This study observed the hypoxia and thickness of the vein grafts at different times. Normal veins and vein grafts with 15 min of ischemia one day postoperatively were harvested in the neck of rabbits...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522299/most-advisable-strategy-in-search-of-asymptomatic-target-organ-damage-in-hypertensive-patients
#15
J Abellán-Huerta, L Prieto-Valiente, L Consuegra-Sánchez, S Montoro-García, A B Salguero-Merino, R Morales-López, J Abellán-Alemán, F Soria-Arcos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic potential of seven examinations in order to define the most suitable strategy for target organ damage (TOD) search in hypertensive patients. METHODS: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. 153 consecutive treated and essential hypertensive patients were enrolled. Patients with established cardiovascular or chronic renal disease (stage ≥4) were excluded. TOD search was assessed by: glomerular filtration rate (GFR), albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram (ECO), ankle-brachial index (ABI), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and carotid ultrasound (intima media thickness and presence of plaques)...
May 15, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522147/cardiovascular-risk-in-advanced-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-patients-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-comparison-of-three-different-regimens-prevaleat-ii-cohort
#16
Paolo Maggi, Chiara Bellacosa, Armando Leone, Anna Volpe, Elena Delfina Ricci, Nicoletta Ladisa, Stefania Cicalini, Elisabetta Grilli, Rosaria Viglietti, Antonio Chirianni, Lara Ines Bellazzi, Renato Maserati, Canio Martinelli, Paola Corsi, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Federica Sozio, Gioacchino Angarano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: PREVALEAT (PREmature VAscular LEsions and Antiretroviral Therapy) II is a multicenter, longitudinal cohort study aimed at the evaluation of cardiovascular risk among advanced HIV-positive, treatment-naïve patients starting their first therapy. We hypothesized that these patients, present a higher cardiovascular (CV) risk. METHODS: The study included all consecutive naïve patients with less than 200 CD4 cells/ml starting antiretroviral therapy...
May 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521772/feasibility-and-relevance-of-compound-strain-imaging-in-non-stenotic-arteries-comparison-between-individuals-with-cardiovascular-diseases-and-healthy-controls
#17
Martijn F H Maessen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Ayla Grotens, Maria T E Hopman, Dick H J Thijssen, Hendrik H G Hansen
BACKGROUND: Compound strain imaging is a novel method to noninvasively evaluate arterial wall deformation which has recently shown to enable differentiation between fibrous and (fibro-)atheromatous plaques in patients with severe stenosis. We tested the hypothesis that compound strain imaging is feasible in non-stenotic arteries and provides incremental discriminative power to traditional measures of vascular health (i.e., distensibility coefficient (DC), central pulse wave velocity [cPWV], and intima-media thickness [IMT]) for differentiating between participants with and without a history of cardiovascular diseases (CVD)...
May 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521653/matrix-metalloproteinase-3-gene-polymorphism-rs3025058-affects-markers-atherosclerosis-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Aleš Pleskovič, Marija Šantl Letonja, Andreja Cokan Vujkovac, Jovana Nikolajević Starčević, Martin Caprnda, Eduard Curilla, Ioana Mozos, Peter Kruzliak, Robert Prosecky, Daniel Petrovič
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to test the possible association between either polymorphisms of the matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) gene (rs17576, rs3918242) or the MMP-3 5A/6A gene polymorphism (rs3025058) with markers of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The second aim of the study was to demonstrate an association between either the rs17576, rs3918242 or rs3025058 and subclinical markers of coronary artery disease in the same subset of patients with T2DM...
May 19, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516377/the-influence-of-sitagliptin-on-treatment-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-receiving-insulin-treatment-a-prespecified-sub-analysis
#19
Tomoya Mita, Naoto Katakami, Toshihiko Shiraiwa, Hidenori Yoshii, Masahiko Gosho, Hitoshi Ishii, Iichiro Shimomura, Hirotaka Watada
INTRODUCTION: Treatment-related quality of life (QOL) is an important aspect of diabetes management. Here, we investigated the influence of sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on treatment-related QOL in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with insulin. METHODS: This was a prespecified sub-analysis of the Sitagliptin Preventive Study of Intima-Media Thickness Evaluation (SPIKE). The study population consisted of 71 subjects in the sitagliptin group, and 62 subjects in the conventional group who were treated with insulin...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514842/gender-difference-in-radiotherapy-induced-carotid-stenosis
#20
Y Yang, W Yang, T J Wang
Radiotherapy (RT) is often the first choice of treatment for cancer of the larynx. Studies have shown that the incidence of carotid stenosis (CS) after radiotherapy of laryngeal cancer is increasing, and that gender difference in radiotherapy-induced side effects exist. Thus, we examined the gender difference in the incidence of CS and the impact of microinflammatory factors after radiotherapy. We reported this study on patients who received radiotherapy as part of the treatment for laryngeal cancer in the Jilin Province in China...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
keyword
keyword
19235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"