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Choledochal cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208000/two-cases-of-plug-or-stone-in-remnant-intrapancreatic-choledochal-cysts-treated-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#1
Eunbee Kim, Min Ho Kang, Jisun Lee, Hanlim Choi, Jae-Woon Choi, Joung-Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Incomplete resection of choledochal cysts (CCs) that extend deep into the pancreas can lead to protein plug or stone formation, pancreatitis, and cholangiocarcinoma. We encountered two cases of choledocholithiasis in remnant intrapancreatic CCs (IPCCs), in which the patients exhibited symptoms after 3 and 21 years of cyst excision. A 21-year-old woman who had undergone excision of a CC, as a neonate, presented with epigastric pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed stones inside the remnant pancreatic cyst, which were removed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and her symptoms improved...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188033/success-and-safety-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-children
#2
Jordan D Rosen, Rebecca S Lane, Jose M Martinez, Eduardo A Perez, Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Robert M Van Haren, Ashwini Kumar, Juan E Sola
PURPOSE: Despite its diagnostic and therapeutic utility, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is underutilized in children. METHODS: Patients younger than 18years undergoing ERCP from 2000 to 2014 at a children's hospital were identified. Patient characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 215 ERCPs (78% therapeutic) were performed in 184 patients. Our cohort was 67% female, with a median age (IQR) of 14 (8) years...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134491/comparison-of-laparoscopic-hepaticojejunostomy-and-open-hepaticojejunostomy-can-stenosis-of-the-hilar-hepatic-duct-affect-postoperative-outcome
#3
Go Miyano, Mariko Koyama, Hiromu Miyake, Masakatsu Kaneshiro, Keiichi Morita, Hideaki Nakajima, Masaya Yamoto, Hiroshi Nouso, Koji Fukumoto, Naoto Urushihara
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (LHJ) and open hepaticojejunostomy (OHJ) for choledochal cyst associated with hilar hepatic duct stenosis (HHDS). METHODS: Data collection was prospective for LHJ cases from 2009 and retrospective for OHJ cases from 2003 to 2008. Data were compared with respect to HHDS. HHDS was incised longitudinally as required during hilar hepatic ductoplasty. RESULTS: Fifty-eight subjects were studied (LHJ: n = 27, 4 boys, 23 girls; OHJ: n = 31; 6 boys, 25 girls)...
January 30, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133235/-surgical-resection-for-carcinoma-arising-from-the-remnant-intrapancreatic-bile-duct-after-excision-of-a-congenital-choledochal-cyst-a-case-report
#4
Tetsuya Shimada, Jun Sakata, Takuya Ando, Kizuki Yuza, Koji Toge, Yuki Hirose, Tomohiro Katada, Hirosuke Ishikawa, Kohei Miura, Taku Ohashi, Kazuyasu Takizawa, Kabuto Takano, Takashi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Tomita, Toshifumi Wakai
A 77-year-old woman presented with a high fever. She had a history of resection of the extrahepatic bile duct, cholecystectomy, and hepaticojejunostomy for a congenital choledochal cyst, 23 years previously. Computed tomography showed a tumor measuring 90mm behind the head of the pancreas. This tumor appeared to invade the duodenum and pancreas, although swollen lymph nodes and distant metastasis were not detected. The patient was diagnosed with a carcinoma arising from the intrapancreatic remnant bile duct...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133233/-a-case-of-distal-bile-duct-cancer-occurring-38-years-after-cyst-to-duct-anastomosis-for-a-congenital-biliary-dilatation
#5
Yuichiro Okumura, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Goto, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
A 41-year-old woman had undergone cyst-to-duct anastomosis for a congenital biliary dilatation when she was 3-yearold. After 38 years, she presented with a high fever, and laboratory findings showed elevation of liver and biliary enzyme levels. A CT scan showed a mass lesion in a choledochal cyst, and an adenocarcinoma was found in the anastomosis of the choledochal cyst and duodenum. We diagnosed distal bile duct cancer and performed SSPPD after neoadjuvant chemotherapy( gemcitabine plus cisplatin plus S-1)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125097/utility-of-measuring-direct-bilirubin-at-first-72%C3%A2-h-of-age-in-neonates-admitted-to-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
A J Sloane, U S Nawab, D Carola, Z H Aghai
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of measuring direct bilirubin (DB) during the first 72 h of life in infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: Infants born between May 2006 and June 2013, and admitted to the NICU were included. Abnormal DB was defined as: DB level⩾1 mg dl(-1) with a corresponding TB of ⩽5 mg dl(-1) or DB level >20% of the corresponding TB>5 mg dl(-1). RESULTS: The DB levels were measured in 3715 infants during the first 72 h of life...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123506/ultrasound-and-differential-diagnosis-of-fetal-abdominal-cysts
#7
Chang-Yu Tu
The present study aimed to investigate the use of ultrasound and differential diagnosis to diagnose a fetal abdominal cyst. A retrospective analysis of 41 cases of fetal abdominal cyst, which included ovarian cysts, choledochal cysts, intestinal duplication and mesenteric cysts, was performed. Imaging characteristics of various types of cysts were summarized, compared and discussed. Among 41 fetal abdominal cyst cases, there were 21 cases of ovarian cysts, 11 cases of bile duct cyst, six cases of intestinal duplication and three cases of mesenteric cyst...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079575/cystic-biliary-atresia-and-choledochal-cysts-are-distinct-histopathologic-entities
#8
Inna N Lobeck, Rachel Sheridan, Mark Lovell, Phylicia Dupree, Greg M Tiao, Kevin E Bove
Cystic biliary atresia (CBA), a rare cystic expansion of atretic extrahepatic bile ducts in young infants, overlaps in age at presentation and imaging features with early choledochal cysts (CC). Treatment and prognosis differ; histologic differences are unsettled. We compared 10 patients with CBA, 1975 to 2015, to an age-similar cohort of 13 infants, and to older patients who had surgery for CC. Operative details, imaging, and clinical courses were correlated to pathologic specimens. Immunostains for smooth muscle actin and myosin heavy chain were used to evaluate cyst walls and atretic segments...
March 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072736/von-hippel-lindau-disease-involving-pancreas-and-biliary-system-a-rare-case-report
#9
Xu-Ting Zhi, Qi-Yu Bo, Feng Zhao, Dong Sun, Tao Li
RATIONALE: Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare inherited, autosomal-dominant syndrome caused by heterozygous germline mutations in the VHL gene. VHL patients are prone to develop benign and malignant tumors and cysts in multiple organ systems involving kidneys, pancreas and central nervous system (CNS). The varied and complex clinical manifestations and radiological findings of VHL are of interest. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 38-year-old woman with a ten-year history of VHL disease involving both pancreas and biliary system...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064268/percutaneous-transhepatic-angioplasty-for-portal-vein-cavernous-transformation-after-choledochal-cyst-surgery
#10
Wenjun Shen, Jianjun Luo, Shan Zheng, Xianmin Xiao
BACKGROUND: Cavernous transformation of the portal vein rarely occurs after a choledochal cyst surgery. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 7-year-old boy with a history of a choledochal cyst surgery was admitted with recurrent oral and nasal bleeding over next two years. After excluding coagulopathies and hematopathies, we treated him with percutaneous transhepatic angioplasty. OUTCOME: The flow of the portal vein recovered immediately after balloon dilation...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064203/predictive-factors-of-gastroduodenal-bleeding-after-postoperative-radiotherapy-in-biliary-tract-cancer
#11
Jieun Lee, Do Hoon Lim, Hee Chul Park, Jeong Il Yu, Dong Wook Choi, Seong Ho Choi, Jin Seok Heo
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictive factors for gastroduodenal bleeding after postoperative radiation therapy in patients with biliary tract cancer. METHODS: We identified 186 patients with biliary tract cancer who completed scheduled postoperative radiation therapy from March 2000 to August 2013. To isolate the effects of radiation on gastroduodenal bleeding, patients with pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, pylorus-resecting pancreaticoduodenectomy or Whipple surgery (n = 67) were excluded from this analysis...
January 6, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989363/complications-in-pediatric-hepatobiliary-surgery
#12
Gabriella Grisotti, Robert A Cowles
This review highlights the complications and their risk factors encountered in pediatric hepatobiliary surgery, specifically in the context of pediatric hepatic resection, excision of choledochal cyst, and the Kasai hepatoportoenterostomy procedure for biliary atresia as well as other procedures potentially affecting the biliary tree. With the understanding that these are relatively rare procedures, case reports and small case series are included in addition to larger series when available. The review focuses on publications in English over the past 15 years...
December 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924091/endoscopic-ultrasound-images-of-a-choledochal-cyst-mimicking-a-pregnant-uterus
#13
Rosa Coelho, Pedro Moutinho-Ribeiro, Armando Peixoto, Guilherme Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895454/diagnosis-of-type-iv-a-congenital-choledochal-cyst-in-a-73-year-old-man
#14
G Kavvadas, A Chamzin, S P Dourakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874945/clinical-effects-in-resection-of-congenital-choledochal-cyst-of-children-and-jejunum-roux-y-anastomosis-by-laparoscope
#15
B-H Yu, F Lin
OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects and complications in resection of the congenital choledochal cyst (CCC) and hepatic duct jejunum Roux-Y anastomosis by laparoscopy and open surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We continuously selected 156 cases of pediatric patients with CCC, which were divided into 70 cases of the laparoscopic group and 86 cases of laparotomy group according to the treatment methods. Then the success rate of surgery, intraoperative and postoperative bleeding, intraoperative and postoperative complications was compared...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873011/laparoscopic-resection-of-choledochal-cyst-with-roux-en-y-hepaticojejunostomy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Bestoun Ahmed, Priya Sharma, Cynthia L Leaphart
BACKGROUND: Choledochal cysts are associated with ductal strictures, stone formation, cholangitis, rupture, secondary biliary cirrhosis and increased incidence of cholangiocarcinoma. The surgical approach to choledochal cysts has evolved from the cyst-enterostomy to a complete excision with more recent use of minimally invasive approaches. We report a complete minimally invasive approach to a Type 1 choledochal cyst and summarize the literature containing large case series of similar approaches...
November 21, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867293/type-vi-choledochal-cyst-an-unusual-presentation-of-jaundice
#17
Lakshmi Nambiar, Asha Alex, Eric Siskind, Adam W Shen, Cathy Fan, Greg Grimaldi, Charles Choy, Juan Madariaga, Jeffrey Nicastro, Ernesto P Molmenti, Gene Coppa
Choledochal cysts involving the cystic duct are extremely rare, and are usually associated with cystic dilatations of the extrahepatic biliary tract. We describe a patient who presented with jaundice and was found to have a dilatation of the common bile duct on computed tomographic imaging, consistent with a choledochal cyst. He underwent a laparoscopic-converted-to-open cholecystectomy with excision of the choledochal cyst which was found to involve the cystic duct. Choledochal cysts involving the cystic duct are notably missing from the Todani classification...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852091/choledochal-cyst-a-future-indication-for-peroral-choledochoscopy
#18
Rosa Coelho, Pedro Pereira, Filipe Vilas-Boas, Pedro Moutinho-Ribeiro, Rui Gaspar, Elisabete Rios, Guilherme Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829523/the-presentation-and-management-of-choledochocele-type-iii-choledochal-cyst-a-40-year-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Inna N Lobeck, Phylicia Dupree, Richard A Falcone, Tom K Lin, Andrew T Trout, Jaimie D Nathan, Greg M Tiao
BACKGROUND: Choledochoceles may cause biliary obstruction and harbor malignancy. We conducted a 40-year systematic review of the literature for this rare anomaly. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane databases were accessed 1975-2015 using terms "choledochocele" or "choledochal cyst". Studies reviewed that met the following criteria: English language, published 1975-2015 with human subjects. RESULTS: 325 patients with a choledochocele were identified, including 71 case reports and 254 cases within institutional reviews...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813504/todani-choledochal-cyst-type-ii-case-report-and-review
#20
Solange Marcela Farías Molina, Rafael Lisandro Castillo Machado, Natalia Carolina Sanhueza Palma, Jeannette Alejandra Calzadilla Riveras
: Choledochal cyst is a rare pathological condition, which represents 1% of benign diseases of the biliary tract. It is seen with significant frequency in childhood, with a higher prevalence in females, and a greater diagnostic incidence in Asia. Diagnosis is primarily based on clinical suspicion. Its symptoms are variable, and its treatment, depending on the type, is surgical. CASE REPORT: a male patient, 46 years old, with clinical symptoms of acute pancreatitis as a complication of a choledochal cyst Todani type II is diagnosed during his hospital stay with cholangial magnetic resonance...
October 20, 2016: Medwave
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