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Choledochal cyst

Ana Karen Medina Lira, Argenis Jose Mayorga Soto, Pamela Frigerio
BACKGROUND: Choledochal cyst is a congenital dilatation of the biliary tree. It may affect only the extrahepatic bile duct (type I, II and III), intrahepatic (type V) or both (type IVa). Vater first described choledochal cyst in 1723. Open excision was the standard procedure made a great impact in the treatment but since 1995 Farello et al. first reported laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and this has been used worldwide. CASE REPORT: Female, 17 years old, past medical history two years ago a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladders...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
George Younan, Max Schumm, Fadwa Ali, Kathleen K Christians
Introduction. Gallbladder volvulus is a rare, potentially fatal condition unless diagnosed and treated early. Choledochal cysts are rare congenital malformations of the biliary tree predisposing to different pathologies and posing the risk of degradation into cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer. Dealing with both diseases at once has not been published yet in the literature. Presentation of Case. We report a case of gallbladder volvulus in an elderly female who happened to have a concomitant type I choledochal cyst...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Bapesh K Bollu, Michael J Dawrant, Kunal Thacker, Gordon Thomas, Murthy Chenapragadda, Kevin Gaskin, Albert Shun
PURPOSE: Inspissated bile syndrome (IBS) is a rare cause of obstructive jaundice in neonates and infants with several treatment options reported. We present our experience with the use of minimally invasive ultrasound-guided percutaneous cholecystostomy drain catheter placement with ongoing saline lavage in neonates and infants. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients treated with percutaneous cholecystostomy, from February 2010 till June 2015. We reviewed the technical and clinical success along with complications of the procedure...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Mathievathaniy Muthucumaru, Damir Ljuhar, Gayathri Panabokke, Eldho Paul, Ramesh Nataraja, Peter Ferguson, Charuta Dagia, Tom Clarnette, Sebastian King
AIM: To analyse the characteristics of patients with choledochal cysts presenting with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective review of all paediatric patients (<18 years) with choledochal cysts managed over a 14-year period (2001-2014) at two tertiary paediatric surgical centres. Patient data were analysed for demographics, presentation, radiological classification of cyst type (Todani), operative interventions, complications and long-term follow-up...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Varun Hathiramani, Janani Krishnan, Vinod Raj, Rajeev G Redkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Shin Hwang, Jong-Woo Choi, Tae-Yong Ha, Gi-Won Song, Dong-Hwan Jung
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Open surgery for choledochal cyst has a disadvantage of skin incision scar from operative wound, which can be a definite disadvantage especially in young female patients. This study focused on the cosmetic aspect of skin incision for resection of choledochal cyst in young female patients. METHODS: During a 2-year study period, 11 adult female patients aged less than 40 years underwent primary resection of choledochal cyst by a single surgeon. The cosmetic effect of two types of skin incision was evaluated...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surgery
Yingming Tang, Fei Li, Guoqing He
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the potential benefits of single-incision laparoscopic Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy comparing the conventional laparoscopic procedures. From January 2013 to July 2013, 17 consecutive children with choledochal cysts received single-incision laparoscopic Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomies by a single surgeon at our institution. Seventeen standard laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomies of consecutive children with choledochal cysts from July 2012 to December 2012 were employed as control...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Anjan Kumar Dhua, Veereshwar Bhatnagar, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy, Aparajita Mitra, Abhishek Ranjan, Abhimanyu Varshney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
Christos Kaselas, Dimitrios Patoulias, Ioannis Patoulias, Ioannis Spyridakis
Choledochal cysts are rare congenital malformations, comprising of dilatation of the biliary tree of different localization. Classically, classification of choledochal cysts describes five variants of the disease. Type VI choledochal cyst is considered by many authors as the sixth variant of this classification and is described either as a dilatation of the cystic duct or as a cystic duct cyst. We present a rare case of cystic duct dilatation that presented with acute cholangiopancreatitis and a clinical picture consistent of a choledochal cyst in a 10-year-old female patient...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Adamantios Michalinos, Parakevi Alexandrou, Alexandros Papalambros, Dimitrios Oikonomou, Stratigoula Sakellariou, Evangelia Baliou, Andreas Alexandrou, Dimitrios Schizas, Evangelos Felekouras
BACKGROUND: Intracholecystic papillary-tubular neoplasms are rare precursor lesions of gallbladder cancer. They were proposed as a separate pathologic entity in 2012 by Adsay et al. for the unification of a variety of mass-forming precursor lesions including papillary adenomas, tubulopapillary adenomas, intestinal adenomas, and others. They are considered homologous to intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and intrabiliary papillary neoplasms of the common bile duct. In contrast with the commoner flat-type precursor gallbladder cancer lesions, they follow a more indolent clinical course and probably different genetic pathways to carcinogenesis...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Cüneyt Kayaalp, Vural Soyer, Veysel Ersan, Cemalettin Aydın, Servet Karagül
Congenital choledochal cysts are rare in adults. Due to the risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma, the current standard of care is complete excision of the cyst and reconstruction with hepaticojejunostomy. So far, more than 200 laparoscopic resections have been reported in adults, the majority being from Far Eastern countries over the last five years. Herein, the technique of laparoscopic type I choledochal cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy is presented in a 37-year-old male with an accompanying video. The advantages of laparoscopic surgery are applicable for choledochal cyst excision as well...
2016: Ulusal Cerrahi Dergisi
Z G Wu, G X Li, B Wang, Z M Chen, Q Feng
The aim of the current study was to investigate survivin expression in congenital choledochal cysts (CCCs), and its associations with clinical parameters of CCCs. In total, 121 children with CCCs were included in this study as the case group, and their cysts were staged according to the Todani classification system. Additionally, 49 normal gallbladder specimens from healthy children were included as the control group. Survivin detection was conducted using immunohistochemical staining. Associations between positive survivin expression and clinical parameters of CCCs were then analyzed...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Sae Byeol Choi, Sang Yong Choi
Recent advances in minimally invasive surgery include laparoscopic and robotic surgery. These surgical techniques have changed the paradigm of surgical treatment for hepatobiliary diseases. Minimally invasive surgery has the advantages of minimal wound extension for cosmetic effect, early postoperative recovery, and few postoperative complications in patients. For laparoscopic liver resection, the indications have been expanded and oncological outcome was proven to be similar with open surgery in the malignant disease...
June 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Mario Lima, Tommaso Gargano, Giovanni Ruggeri, Francesca Destro, Michela Maffi
Choledochal cyst (CDC) is a congenital dilatation of the extra and/or intrahepatic bile ducts and it is a rare condition in western countries. Classical treatment consists of cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy. The first case of a laparoscopic CDC excision was described in 1995 and since that time an increasing number of institutions have adopted this technique, with good success. We describe our early experience of 3 cases of CDC treated with laparoscopic approach. We used a 10 mm umbilical port for the camera, and four 3-5 mm operative ports...
2016: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
Zhe Wen, Huiying Liang, Jiankun Liang, Qifeng Liang, Huimin Xia
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is gaining popularity as a treatment for choledochal cyst (CDC) in children. However, the learning curve for this challenging laparoscopic procedure has not been addressed. The aim of this study is to determine the characteristics of the learning curve of this procedure. This may guide the training in institutions currently not using this technique. METHODS: A prospectively collected database comprising all medical records of the first 104 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic CDC excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy performed by one surgeon was studied...
June 23, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Sean Sassano-Higgins, Dave Baron, Grace Juarez, Neevon Esmaili, Mark Gold
Ketamine was discovered in the 1960s and released for public use in 1970. Originally developed as a safer alternative to phencyclidine, ketamine is primarily used in clinical settings for analgesia and sedation. In recent years, other uses have been developed, including pain management and treatment of asthma and depression. Clinical use of ketamine causes dissociation and emergence delirium. These effects have led to recreational abuse. Although death from direct pharmacologic effects appears rare, the disinhibition and altered sensory perceptions caused by ketamine puts users at risk of environmental harm...
August 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Yoshiaki Mizuguchi, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Eiji Uchida
PURPOSE: There are sporadic reports of cancers developing in the remnant intrapancreatic bile duct tissues of patients with a history of primary choledochal cyst excision. The objective of this review is to study the clinical course of patients who develop subsequent biliary cancer originating from the remnant intrapancreatic bile ducts after cyst excision. METHODS: We describe a total of 17 cases (male:female 5:11; mean age 39.5 years), including the present case, from a review of the medical literature...
June 20, 2016: Surgery Today
Radha Sarawagi, Shyam Sundar, Sanjeev K Gupta, Sameer Raghuwanshi
Background. Anatomical variations of cystic duct (CD) are frequently unrecognized. It is important to be aware of these variations prior to any surgical, percutaneous, or endoscopic intervention procedures. Objectives. The purpose of our study was to demonstrate the imaging features of CD and its variants using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and document their prevalence in our population. Materials and Methods. This study included 198 patients who underwent MRCP due to different indications...
2016: Radiology Research and Practice
Deanna Wan Jie Ng, Adrian Kah Heng Chiow, Wee Teng Poh, Siong San Tan
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital choledochal cyst are at risk of the development of hepatobiliary malignancy, with recommended treatment of choledochal cyst being surgical excision. The development of cholangiocarcinoma more than 10 years after excision of choledochal cysts is rare, with less than 21 cases reported in the literature from 1972 to 2014. This is the first reported case of metachronous recurrence after a previously excised adenocarcinoma within a choledochal cyst. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we review the case of a patient with cholangiocarcinoma arising 13 years post excision of a Todani type 1 choledochal cyst and discuss the theories of carcinogenesis and long-term management of patients with choledochal cysts...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Nursel Yurttutan, Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus, Naim Koku, Mustafa Demirci, Ramazan Ucak
Choledochal cyst is a dilation that encloses the intrahepatic or both extra- and intrahepatic portions of the biliary ducts. Postnatally, ultrasonography is the initial diagnostic modality of choice, allowing for precise measurements of intra- or extrahepatic duct dilatation and identification of stones and sludge. Symptoms depend on the age at presentation. Common bile duct malformations should be considered as a differential diagnosis of a cystic mass regardless of the cyst's size or patient's age, especially in children presenting with abdominal pain, jaundice, and palpable mass...
May 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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