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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861493/shear-performance-of-horizontal-joints-in-short-precast-concrete-columns-with-sleeve-grouted-connections-under-cyclic-loading
#1
Bo Feng, Feng Xiong, Bingyu Liu, Jiang Chen, Yiping Zhang
In this study, two short precast concrete columns and two cast-in-situ concrete columns were tested under cyclic loads. It was shown that the sleeve grouted connection was equivalent to the cast-in-situ connections for short columns when the axial compression ratio was 0.6. In order to determine the influence of the axial compression ratio and the shear-span ratio on the shear capacity of the horizontal joint, a FE model was established and verified. The analysis showed that the axial compression ratio is advantageous to the joint and the shear capacity of the horizontal joint increases with increase of the shear-span ratio...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711116/pressure-infusion-cuff-and-blood-warmer-during-massive-transfusion-an-experimental-study-about-hemolysis-and-hypothermia
#2
Thomas G Poder, Denise Pruneau, Josée Dorval, Louis Thibault, Jean-François Fisette, Suzanne K Bédard, Annie Jacques, Patrice Beauregard
BACKGROUND: Blood warmers were developed to reduce the risk of hypothermia associated with the infusion of cold blood products. During massive transfusion, these devices are used with compression sleeve, which induce a major stress to red blood cells. In this setting, the combination of blood warmer and compression sleeve could generate hemolysis and harm the patient. We conducted this study to compare the impact of different pressure rates on the hemolysis of packed red blood cells and on the outlet temperature when a blood warmer set at 41...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651917/case-report-of-eus-guided-endoscopic-transduodenal-necrosectomy-in-a-patient-with-sleeve-gastrectomy
#3
Avik Sarkar, Ragui Sadek, Matthew Lissauer, Swati Pawa
BACKGROUND: After an acute attack of pancreatitis, walled-off pancreatic fluid collections (PFC) occur in approximately 10 % of cases. Drainage of the cavity is recommended when specific indications are met. Endoscopic drainage has been adopted as the main intervention for symptomatic walled-off PFC. Altered gastric anatomy in these patients poses an interesting challenge. We present the first case of a patient with sleeve gastrectomy who underwent successful endoscopic transduodenal necrosectomy (TDN)...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650451/laparoscopic-treatment-of-a-large-gastric-pouch-following-gastric-band-slippage
#4
Baptiste Brac, Lionel Rebibo, Jean-Philippe Lemouel, Jean-Marc Regimbeau
INTRODUCTION: Gastric band slippage with formation of a gastric pouch is a frequent complication after gastric banding. There is no consensus on the treatment of this condition, which differs within and between centers. Here, we describe our treatment of a large gastric pouch after gastric band slippage. Despite removal of the band, the pouch caused oral feeding intolerance. METHODS: The video shows our treatment of large gastric pouch following gastric banding and surgical revision...
September 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590865/the-effects-of-yoga-on-shoulder-and-spinal-actions-for-women-with-breast-cancer-related-lymphoedema-of-the-arm-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#5
Annette Loudon, Tony Barnett, Neil Piller, Maarten A Immink, Denis Visentin, Andrew D Williams
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of an 8-week yoga intervention on the shoulder and spinal actions of women with breast cancer-related arm lymphoedema. METHOD: A randomised controlled pilot trial. The intervention group (n = 12) completed eight weeks of daily yoga sessions while the control group (n = 11) continued with best current care including information on compression sleeves, skin care, risks of temperature variations and recommended safe use of affected arm...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554385/hemangioma-of-the-rectum-how-misleading-can-hematochezia-be
#6
Sofia Vitor, Alexandre Oliveira Ferreira, João Lopes, José Velosa
We present the case of an 18-year-old male patient that was referred to our gastrenterology department with history of intermittent painless hematochezia since childhood. During such instances, he was diagnosed with bowel intussusception, eosinophilic gastroenteritis and inflammatory bowel disease at 4, 6 and 8 years old, respectively. He underwent treatment with 5-aminosalicylic acid for two years, without improvement of symptoms. He was then lost to follow-up until our observation. His physical examination was unremarkable except for digital rectal examination which found a nodular compressible mass by the palpating finger...
August 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465179/early-detection-of-lymphatic-disorder-and-treatment-for-lymphedema-following-breast-cancer
#7
Shinsuke Akita, Rikiya Nakamura, Naohito Yamamoto, Hideki Tokumoto, Tatsuya Ishigaki, Yoshihisa Yamaji, Yoshitaro Sasahara, Yoshitaka Kubota, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Kaneshige Satoh
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity edema following surgical treatment for breast cancer does not always result in chronic breast cancer-related lymphedema. Changes in the findings of indocyanine green lymphography and upper extremity volume following breast cancer surgery were observed prospectively to understand the early changes in lymphatic function and to establish a new strategy for early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer-related lymphedema. METHODS: Lymphatic function for 196 consecutive breasts was examined using indocyanine green lymphography and bilateral upper extremity volume before surgery and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460637/therapy-modalities-to-reduce-lymphoedema-in-female-breast-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Slavko Rogan, Jan Taeymans, Helena Luginbuehl, Martina Aebi, Sara Mahnig, Nick Gebruers
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of compression bandages, sleeves, intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) and active exercise on the reduction of breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL). A systematic literature search up to the year January 2016 was performed in CINAHL, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO), PEDro and PubMed. Inclusion criteria were (1) RCTs, (2) reported adequate statistics for meta-analysis, (3) English or German language...
August 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444858/abdominal-thrombotic-complications-following-bariatric-surgery
#9
Amihai Rottenstreich, Ram Elazary, Yosef Kalish
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic events involving the portal-splenic-mesenteric venous system (PSMVT) are rare but potentially lethal after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence, clinical presentation, management, and outcome of thrombotic events after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Two university hospitals. METHODS: A retrospective review of individuals who underwent bariatric surgery between January 2006 and December 2015...
May 12, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405412/mechanical-assessment-of-a-hip-joint-stem-model-made-of-a-peek-carbon-fibre-composite-under-compression-loading
#10
Michał Dworak, Stanisław Błażewicz
PURPOSE: The aim of the work was to manufacture a composite stem model consisting of carbon fibres (CF) and polyether ether ketone (PEEK) and to perform the surface strain and stress distributions in the stem-femoral bone model under compression loading. METHODS: Composite stems differing in elasticity were prepared. Three types of composite stems having different arrangements of carbon fibre reinforcements (carbon fibre roving, carbon fibre sleeves and their combinations) in the polymer matrix were made...
2016: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358554/laboratory-assessment-of-thermal-characteristics-of-three-phacoemulsification-tip-designs-operated-using-torsional-ultrasound
#11
Jaime Zacharias
PURPOSE: Ultrasound activation of phacoemulsification (phaco) tips can create considerable thermal energy that may increase the risk of tissue damage during cataract surgery. The purpose of this study was to define the thermal profiles of three phaco tip designs in simulated surgical conditions. METHODS: In this laboratory investigation, sleeved phaco tips (mini-flared Kelman(®) tip with aspiration bypass port and Intrepid(®) Balanced Tip with aspiration bypass port, and MST A1 bent-mini phaco tip (without aspiration bypass) were tested using an ultrasonic phaco device operated in torsional mode at power levels of 50%, 75%, and 100% amplitude...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345746/first-time-systematic-postoperative-clinical-assessment-of-a-minimally-invasive-approach-for-lumbar-ventrolateral-vertebroplasty-in-the-large-animal-model-sheep
#12
Matthias Bungartz, Stefan Maenz, Elke Kunisch, Victoria Horbert, Long Xin, Francesca Gunnella, Joerg Mika, Juliane Borowski, Sabine Bischoff, Harald Schubert, Andre Sachse, Bernhard Illerhaus, Jens Günster, Jörg Bossert, Klaus D Jandt, Raimund W Kinne, Olaf Brinkmann
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Large animal models are highly recommended for meaningful preclinical studies, including the optimization of cement augmentation for vertebral body defects by vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic characterization of a strictly minimally invasive in vivo large animal model for lumbar ventrolateral vertebroplasty. STUDY DESIGN/ SETTING: This is a prospective experimental animal study...
June 23, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106555/is-there-evidence-that-runners-can-benefit-from-wearing-compression-clothing
#13
REVIEW
Florian Azad Engel, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
BACKGROUND: Runners at various levels of performance and specializing in different events (from 800 m to marathons) wear compression socks, sleeves, shorts, and/or tights in attempt to improve their performance and facilitate recovery. Recently, a number of publications reporting contradictory results with regard to the influence of compression garments in this context have appeared. OBJECTIVES: To assess original research on the effects of compression clothing (socks, calf sleeves, shorts, and tights) on running performance and recovery...
December 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802372/morphing-compression-garments-for-space-medicine-and-extravehicular-activity-using-active-materials
#14
Bradley T Holschuh, Dava J Newman
INTRODUCTION: Compression garments tend to be difficult to don/doff, due to their intentional function of squeezing the wearer. This is especially true for compression garments used for space medicine and for extravehicular activity (EVA). We present an innovative solution to this problem by integrating shape changing materials-NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) coil actuators formed into modular, 3D-printed cartridges-into compression garments to produce garments capable of constricting on command...
February 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26780743/guidance-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-the-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Susan R Kahn, Jean-Philippe Galanaud, Suresh Vedantham, Jeffrey S Ginsberg
The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a frequent, potentially disabling complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that reduces quality of life and is costly. Clinical manifestations include symptoms and signs such as leg pain and heaviness, edema, redness, telangiectasia, new varicose veins, hyperpigmentation, skin thickening and in severe cases, leg ulcers. The best way to prevent PTS is to prevent DVT with pharmacologic or mechanical thromboprophylaxis used in high risk patients and settings. In patients whose DVT is treated with a vitamin K antagonist, subtherapeutic INRs should be avoided...
January 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26680415/gastric-wall-thickness-in-sleeve-gastrectomy-patients-thickness-variation-of-the-gastric-wall
#16
Pim W J van Rutte, Bertus J Naagen, Marinus Spek, Jack J Jakimowicz, Simon W Nienhuijs
The sleeve gastrectomy has been accepted as a primary bariatric procedure. One of the most feared complications is staple line leakage. It is important to use the right staple sizes to minimize the risk of leak. Knowledge of gastric thickness is important. The goal of this study was to measure the thickness of the gastric wall after elimination of the gastric folds in the mucosa. An electronic thickness gauge was developed that measured the anterior and posterior wall of the fresh stomach specimen together at 5 points at a pressure based on the finger pressure necessary to flatten the gastric folds...
November 2015: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26603434/treatment-of-postmastectomy-lymphedema-by-bypassing-the-armpit-with-implanted-silicone-tubings
#17
W L Olszewski, M Zaleska
OBJECTIVES: Women treated for breast cancer are facing a life-time risk of developing lymphedema in up to 40% of this population. In advanced cases of lymphedema main lymphatics are obstructed and tissue fluid accumulates in the interstitial spaces forming fluid "lakes"and "channels". The only solution for fluid drainage would be creating artificial channel for flow away to the non-obstructed regions. AIM: To form artificial pathways for edema fluid flow by subcutaneous implantation of silicone tubes into the swollen limb...
November 23, 2015: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26526758/voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-resource-constrained-settings
#18
REVIEW
Aaron A R Tobian, Tigistu Adamu, Jason B Reed, Valerian Kiggundu, Youseph Yazdi, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
Throughout East and Southern Africa, the WHO recommends voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) to reduce heterosexual HIV acquisition. Evidence has informed policy and the implementation of VMMC programmes in these countries. VMMC has been incorporated into the HIV prevention portfolio and more than 9 million VMMCs have been performed. Conventional surgical procedures consist of forceps-guided, dorsal slit or sleeve resection techniques. Devices are also becoming available that might help to accelerate the scale-up of adult VMMC...
December 2015: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26520424/unusual-open-surgical-repair-of-a-type-ib-endoleak-and-a-giant-symptomatic-aortic-aneurysm-following-stent-grafting-for-type-b-aortic-dissection
#19
Zsuzsanna Mihály, Csaba Csobay-Novák, László Entz, Zoltán Szeberin
Treatment of type IB endoleak after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for post-dissection aortic aneurysm usually includes attempts of endovascular interventions using coils or plugs to occlude the false lumen or placement of a distal fenestrated endograft. Open conversion usually requires deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest with the associated increased mortality and complications. We present a case of a young patient with a 90 mm descending thoracic aneurysm caused by a chronic type B aortic dissection...
January 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464899/changes-in-tissue-oxygen-saturation-in-response-to-different-calf-compression-sleeves
#20
T Dermont, L Morizot, M Bouhaddi, A Ménétrier
Aim. The purpose was to examine the changes in tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) in response to the application of different commercially available calf compression sleeves. Methods. Eight subjects came to the laboratory to complete a session in seated position including 10 min of quiet rest followed by 3 min measuring calf StO2 without compression sleeves and then alternating of 3 min of passive rest and 3 min measuring StO2 with calf compression sleeves. A total of 15 different commercially available compression sleeves were studied in a randomized order...
2015: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
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