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Canadian Neonatal Network

Marc Beltempo, Prakesh S Shah, Xiang Y Ye, Jehier Afifi, Shoo Lee, Douglas D McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the specific Score of Neonatal Acute Physiology (SNAP-II) cut-off scores associated with outcomes in extremely preterm infants, and to examine its contribution to predictive models that include nonmodifiable birth predictors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of 9240 infants born at 22-28 weeks' gestation and admitted to the Canadian Neonatal Network from 2010 to 2015. Outcomes included early and hospital mortality, composite of mortality/morbidity and individual morbidities...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Joseph Y Ting, Anne Synnes, Ashley Roberts, Akhil C Deshpandey, Kimberly Dow, Junmin Yang, Kyong-Soon Lee, Shoo K Lee, Prakesh S Shah
OBJECTIVE:  The objective is to evaluate the association between antibiotic utilization and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 21 months' corrected age among extremely low gestational age neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN:  We conducted a retrospective cohort study of infants born between April 2009 and September 2011 at <29 weeks' gestation and admitted to the neonatal intensive care units contributing data to the Canadian Neonatal Network...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Matthew D Haslam, Sarka Lisonkova, Dianne Creighton, Paige Church, Junmin Yang, Prakesh S Shah, K S Joseph, Anne Synnes
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of variations in the definition of severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) on the incidence of severe NDI and the association with risk factors using the Canadian Neonatal Follow-Up Network cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review of severe NDI definitions and application of these definitions were performed in this database cohort study. Infants born at 23-28 completed weeks of gestation between 2009 and 2011 (n = 2187) admitted to a Canadian Neonatal Network neonatal intensive care unit and assessed at 21 months' corrected age were included...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Prakesh S Shah, Sarah D McDonald, Jon Barrett, Anne Synnes, Kate Robson, Jonathan Foster, Jean-Charles Pasquier, K S Joseph, Bruno Piedboeuf, Thierry Lacaze-Masmonteil, Karel O'Brien, Sandesh Shivananda, Nils Chaillet, Petros Pechlivanoglou
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (birth before 37 wk of gestation) occurs in about 8% of pregnancies in Canada and is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates that substantially affect infants, their families and the health care system. Our overall goal is to create a transdisciplinary platform, the Canadian Preterm Birth Network (CPTBN), where investigators, stakeholders and families will work together to improve childhood outcomes of preterm neonates. METHODS: Our national cohort will include 24 maternal-fetal/obstetrical units, 31 neonatal intensive care units and 26 neonatal follow-up programs across Canada with planned linkages to provincial health information systems...
January 18, 2018: CMAJ Open
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Mechanical ventilation (MV) in preterm infants (PTI) causes discomfort. Whether it causes pain is controversial. Meta analysis reviews of published work on PTI during MV have shown no clinically significant impact of opioids on pain scales, and hence not recommended for routine use in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Similarly regular use of sedative midazolam is also not recommended. Therefore we hypothesized a downward trend in narcotics and sedatives used in MV of PTI in NICUs...
January 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Dane A De Silva, Anne R Synnes, Peter von Dadelszen, Tang Lee, Jeffrey N Bone, Laura A Magee
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for women at risk of imminent birth at < 32-34 weeks to reduce the likelihood of cerebral palsy in the child. MAGnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection to prevent Cerebral Palsy (MAG-CP) was a multifaceted knowledge translation (KT) strategy for this practice. METHODS: The KT strategy included national clinical practice guidelines, a national online e-learning module and, at MAG-CP sites, educational rounds, focus group discussions and surveys of barriers and facilitators...
January 11, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Reem Amer, Diane Moddemann, Mary Seshia, Ruben Alvaro, Anne Synnes, Kyong-Soon Lee, Shoo K Lee, Prakesh S Shah
OBJECTIVE: To compare mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes of outborn and inborn preterm infants born at <29 weeks of gestation admitted to Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained from the Canadian Neonatal Network and Canadian Neonatal Follow-up Network databases for infants born at <29 weeks of gestation admitted to NICUs from April 2009 to September 2011. Rates of death, severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI), and overall NDI were compared between outborn and inborn infants at 18-21 months of age, corrected for prematurity...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kourosh Sabri, Mary Angela Woodward, Bethany Easterbrook, Sandesh Shivananda
OBJECTIVE: To examine current level three Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) practices related to ROP screening and treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was sent to 29 level three NICU's across Canada to survey current screening inclusion criteria, treatment options, supportive care and post-screening events for ROP. RESULT: 22/29 (76%) level three NICU's responded. Ten different ROP screening inclusion criteria were found to be in use with significant variation in gestational age and birth weight criteria...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Deepak Louis, Yasser N ElSayed, Cecil Ojah, Ruben Alvaro, Prakesh S Shah, Michael Dunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
Denice S Feig, Lois E Donovan, Rosa Corcoy, Kellie E Murphy, Stephanie A Amiel, Katharine F Hunt, Elizabeth Asztalos, Jon F R Barrett, J Johanna Sanchez, Alberto de Leiva, Moshe Hod, Lois Jovanovic, Erin Keely, Ruth McManus, Eileen K Hutton, Claire L Meek, Zoe A Stewart, Tim Wysocki, Robert O'Brien, Katrina Ruedy, Craig Kollman, George Tomlinson, Helen R Murphy
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are a high-risk population who are recommended to strive for optimal glucose control, but neonatal outcomes attributed to maternal hyperglycaemia remain suboptimal. Our aim was to examine the effectiveness of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on maternal glucose control and obstetric and neonatal health outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial, we recruited women aged 18-40 years with type 1 diabetes for a minimum of 12 months who were receiving intensive insulin therapy...
November 25, 2017: Lancet
Mohamed S Elboraee, Jennifer Toye, Xiang Y Ye, Prakesh S Shah, Khalid Aziz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
Hussein Zein, Kamran Yusuf, Renee Paul, Derek Kowal, Sumesh Thomas
AIM: Managing capacity at regional facilities caring for sick neonates is increasingly challenging. This study estimated the clinical and economic impact of the elective transfer of stable infants requiring nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) from level three to level two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) within an established clinical network of five NICUs. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the records of 99 stable infants transferred on NCPAP between two level three NICUs and three level two NICUs in Calgary, Canada, between June 2014 and May 2016...
September 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Kamini Raghuram, Junmin Yang, Paige T Church, Zenon Cieslak, Anne Synnes, Amit Mukerji, Prakesh S Shah
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between head growth (HG) during neonatal and postdischarge periods and neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm neonates of <29 weeks gestational age. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of infants <29 weeks gestational age admitted between 2009 and 2011 to participating Canadian Neonatal Network units and followed by Canadian Neonatal Follow-Up Network clinics. Differences in head circumference (ΔHC) z score were calculated for 3 time periods, which include admission to discharge, discharge to follow-up at 16-36 months, and admission to follow-up...
July 2017: Pediatrics
Amelie Stritzke, Khorshid Mohammad, Prakesh S Shah, Xiang Y Ye, Vineet Bhandari, Albert Akierman, Adele Harrison, Valerie Bertelle, Abhay Lodha
BACKGROUND: Use, timing and doses of surfactant in preterm infants are variable in practice in modern NICUs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the association between use and timing of surfactant administration and common neonatal adverse outcomes in preterm infants with gestational age (GA) < 28 weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Neonates admitted to a participating Canadian Neonatal Network NICU between 2013 and 2015 were studied...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Edmond N Kelly, Vibhuti S Shah, Jody Levenbach, Michael Vincer, Orlando DaSilva, Prakesh S Shah
OBJECTIVES: To compare death and/or neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants exposed to inhaled and/or systemic steroids with those without exposure, and examine the impact of timing of exposure. METHODS: Retrospective study of infants born <29 weeks gestation and assessed at 18-21 months corrected age (CA). Neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) was defined as any Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-III (BSID-III) score <85, cerebral palsy ≥ grade one, and visual or hearing impairment...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Louise Im Koller-Smith, Prakesh S Shah, Xiang Y Ye, Gunnar Sjörs, Yueping A Wang, Sharon S W Chow, Brian A Darlow, Shoo K Lee, Stellan Håkanson, Kei Lui
BACKGROUND: Compared to very low gestational age (<32 weeks, VLGA) cohorts, very low birth weight (<1500 g; VLBW) cohorts are more prone to selection bias toward small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants, which may impact upon the validity of data for benchmarking purposes. METHOD: Data from all VLGA or VLBW infants admitted in the 3 Networks between 2008 and 2011 were used. Two-thirds of each network cohort was randomly selected to develop prediction models for mortality and composite adverse outcome (CAO: mortality or cerebral injuries, chronic lung disease, severe retinopathy or necrotizing enterocolitis) and the remaining for internal validation...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
Marc Beltempo, Bruno Piedboeuf, Robert W Platt, Keith Barrington, Victoria Bizgu, Prakesh S Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
Prakesh S Shah, Wendy Seidlitz, Priscilla Chan, Sonny Yeh, Natasha Musrap, Shoo K Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
Yanyu Lyu, Xiang Y Ye, Tetsuya Isayama, Ruben Alvaro, Chuks Nwaesei, Keith Barrington, Shoo K Lee, Prakesh S Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
Mohamed Shalabi, Adel Mohamed, Brigitte Lemyre, Khalid Aziz, Daniel Faucher, Prakesh S Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
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