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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688097/-doctor-jazz-lessons-that-medical-professionals-can-learn-from-jazz-musicians
#1
Allard E van Ark, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer
BACKGROUND: The worlds of a physician and a jazz musician seem entirely different. Various studies, however, relating the concepts behind jazz music to medical practice and education, have been published. The aim of this essayistic review is to summarize previously described concepts behind jazz music and its required artistic skills that could be translated to medicine, encouraging doctors, medical students and medical educators to see their professional environment from a different perspective...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687188/orienting-to-medicine-scripting-professionalism-hierarchy-and-social-difference-at-the-start-of-medical-school
#2
Sienna R Craig, Rebekah Scott, Kristy Blackwood
Nascent medical students' first view into medical school orients them toward what is considered important in medicine. Based on ethnography conducted over 18 months at a New England medical school, this article explores themes which emerged during a first-year student orientation and examines how these scripts resurface across a four-year curriculum, revealing dynamics of enculturation into an institution and the broader profession. We analyze orientation activities as discursive and embodied fields which serve "practical" purposes of making new social geographies familiar, but which also frame institutional values surrounding "soft" aspects of medicine: professionalism; dynamics of hierarchy and vulnerability; and social difference...
April 23, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684297/is-medical-marijuana-legalisation-possible-in-poland
#3
Dorota Rogowska-Szadkowska, Julia Strumiło, Sławomir Chlabicz
OBJECTIVES: In some countries of the world it is legal to use plant-based marijuana for therapeutic purposes. When we had learned that 7,000 petitioners (including doctors) signed the petition to enable access to marijuana for patients in the Czech Republic, we decided to examine the knowledge about marijuana's medical properties among Polish medical students. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaire study was conducted on a group of 181 of students of the last (sixth) year of medical school...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684042/bridging-the-gap-between-informatics-and-medicine-upon-medical-school-entry-implementing-a-course-on-the-applicative-use-of-ict
#4
Natasa M Milic, Nikola Ilic, Dejana M Stanisavljevic, Andja M Cirkovic, Jelena S Milin, Zoran M Bukumiric, Nikola V Milic, Marko D Savic, Sara M Ristic, Goran Z Trajkovic
Education is undergoing profound changes due to permanent technological innovations. This paper reports the results of a pilot study aimed at developing, implementing and evaluating the course, "Applicative Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Medicine," upon medical school entry. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, introduced a curriculum reform in 2014 that included the implementation of the course, "Applicative Use of ICT in Medicine" for first year medical students...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683560/hands-on-or-no-hands-on-training-in-ultrasound-imaging-a-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-learning-outcomes-and-speed-of-recall-of-topographic-anatomy
#5
Lars Knudsen, Ralph Nawrotzki, Andreas Schmiedl, Christian Mühlfeld, Carsten Kruschinski, Matthias Ochs
Medical students have difficulties in interpreting two-dimensional (2D) topographic anatomy on sectional images. Hands-on and no hands-on training in ultrasound imaging facilitate learning topographic anatomy. Hands-on training is linked with active search for patterns of anatomical structures and might train pattern recognition for image interpretation better although the added value on learning outcomes is unclear. This study explores first year medical students' knowledge in topographic anatomy of the upper abdomen after attending hands-on or no hands-on training in ultrasound in a randomized trial...
April 23, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683013/medical-students-professional-identity-development-from-being-actors-in-an-objective-structured-teaching-exercise
#6
Jehanne De Grasset, Marie-Claude Audetat, Nadia Bajwa, Nicole Jastrow, Hélène Richard-Lepouriel, Mathieu Nendaz, Noelle Junod Perron
INTRODUCTION: Medical students develop professional identity through structured activities and impromptu interactions in various settings. We explored if contributing to an Objective Structured Teaching Exercise (OSTE) influenced students' professional identity development. METHODS: University clinical faculty members participated in a faculty development program on clinical supervision. Medical students who participated in OSTEs as simulated residents were interviewed in focus groups about what they learnt from the experience and how the experience influenced their vision of learning and teaching...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679851/electronic-journal-clubs-for-capacity-building-a-case-study-in-psychiatry-as-a-model-for-medical-disciplines-in-developing-countries
#7
Abha Thakurdesai, Abhishek Ghosh, Vikas Menon, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Adarsh Tripathi, Devavrat Harshe, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JCs) teach participants how to critically read and assimilate materials published in journals. Electronic JCs (eJCs) provide a similar platform through internet groups, allowing members to participate in and review JC activities as well as JC archives in their free time. METHODS: We describe the operations and the successes of eJCIndia, to our knowledge the first eJC in India in the field of mental health. eJCIndia was started for capacity building in teaching and research competence in the field...
April 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677982/consequences-of-switching-to-blended-learning-the-grenoble-medical-school-key-elements
#8
Sahal Houssein, Lionel Di Marco, Carole Schwebel, Vanda Luengo, Patrice Morand, Pierre Gillois
INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the Grenoble-Alpes University Medical School decided to switch the learning paradigm of the first year to a blended learning model based on a flipped classroom with a continuous dual assessment system providing personal follow-up. We report a descriptive analysis of two pedagogical models. METHODS: The innovative blended learning model is divided into 5 week-sequences of learning, starting with a series of knowledge capsules, following with Interactive On Line Questions, Interactive On Site Training and an Explanation Meeting...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677179/knowledge-of-the-guarani-language-in-medical-students-at-a-university-hospital-in-paraguay
#9
Hassel Jimmy Jiménez, Lorena Delgadillo, Ana Campuzano de Rolon, Diana Jiménez, Angélica de Samudio, Adriana Agüero, César Radice, Gustavo Jiménez-Britez
INTRODUCTION: Paraguay is a bilingual country and knowledge of the guarani language is an important communication tool for the doctor- patient relationship. OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of and the factors that influence the knowledge of the Guaraní language in medical students at a University Hospital in Paraguay. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional, analytical study in which an anonymous questionnaire was applied to the final year medical students of a University Hospital of Paraguay...
April 10, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674108/the-effects-of-feedback-fatigue-and-sex-disparities-in-medical-student-feedback-assessed-using-a-minute-feedback-system
#10
Meredith Barrett, Patrick Georgoff, Niki Matusko, Lisa Leininger, Rishindra M Reddy, Gurjit Sandhu, David T Hughes
OBJECTIVE: Feedback is critical to the development of medical students. To enhance feedback, we created a web application, the Minute Feedback System (MFS). This app allows students to request precise, timely, written feedback from residents and staff without the burden of vague, end-of-rotation surveys. In this study, we investigate variations in response rates and feedback fatigue based on sex and rank (resident/fellow vs. faculty). DESIGN: Data were collected from May 2015-October 2016...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672937/see-reflect-learn-more-qualitative-analysis-of-breaking-bad-news-reflective-narratives
#11
Orit Karnieli-Miller, Michal Palombo, Dafna Meitar
CONTEXT: Breaking bad news (BBN) is a challenge that requires multiple professional competencies. BBN teaching often includes didactic and group role-playing sessions. Both are useful and important, but exclude another critical component of students' learning: day-to-day role-model observation in the clinics. Given the importance of observation and the potential benefit of reflective writing in teaching, we have incorporated reflective writing into our BBN course. The aim of this study was to enhance our understanding of the learning potential in reflective writing about BBN encounters and the ability to identify components that inhibit this learning...
May 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670415/matching-medical-student-achievement-to-learning-objectives-and-outcomes-a-paradigm-shift-for-an-implemented-teaching-module
#12
Ihab Shafek Atta, Fahd Nasser AlQahtani
Introduction: Low student achievement in a basic imaging module was the impetus for an assessment of the module. Methods: A valid, reliable, and structured Likert scale was designed to measure the degree of student satisfaction with the domains of the module, including learning objectives (LO), teaching strategy and tools (TT), assessment tools (AT), and allotted credit hours (CH). Further analysis was conducted of student dissatisfaction to determine the subdomain in which module improvement was to be implemented...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670414/integration-of-leadership-training-into-a-problem-case-based-learning-program-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students
#13
Samara B Ginzburg, Susan Deutsch, Jaclyn Bellissimo, David E Elkowitz, Joel Nh Stern, Robert Lucito
Purpose: The evolution of health care systems in response to societal and financial pressures has changed care delivery models, which presents new challenges for physicians. Leadership training is increasingly being recognized as an essential component of medical education training to prepare physicians to meet these needs. Unfortunately, most medical schools do not include leadership training. It has been suggested that a longitudinal and integrated approach to leadership training should be sought...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669259/anatomy-learning-from-prosected-cadaveric-specimens-versus-three-dimensional-software-a-comparative-study-of-upper-limb-anatomy
#14
Vasileios Mitrousias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Michael E Hantes, Konstantinos N Malizos, Dimitrios L Arvanitis, Aristeidis H Zibis
INTRODUCTION: modern, three-dimensional (3D) anatomy software is a promising teaching method, though few studies examine its effectiveness on upper limb and musculoskeletal anatomy learning. The purpose of this study is to investigate which method is associated with a better outcome, as assessed by students' performance on examinations, when comparing learning with prosections to the use of 3D software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: two groups of undergraduate, first-year medical students without previous knowledge of anatomy were compared...
April 15, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669149/the-suffering-medical-students-attribute-to-their-undergraduate-medical-education
#15
Thomas R Egnew, Peter R Lewis, Kimberly R Meyers, William R Phillips
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore medical student perceptions of their medical school teaching and learning about human suffering and their recommendations for teaching about suffering. During data collection, students also shared their percerptions of personal suffering which they attributed to their medical education. METHODS: In April through May 2015, we conducted focus groups involving a total of 51 students representing all four classes at two US medical schools...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669146/impact-of-scribes-on-medical-student-education-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#16
Julia Hafer, Xibin Wu, Steven Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medical scribes are an increasingly popular strategy for reducing clerical burden, but little is known about their effect on medical student education. We aimed to evaluate the impact of scribes on medical students' self-reported learning experience. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods pilot study. Participants were medical students (third and fourth years) on a family medicine clerkship who worked with an attending physician who practiced with a scribe...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#17
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667466/evaluation-of-a-modified-16-item-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-ripls-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses
#18
Tzu-Chieh Yu, Tanisha Jowsey, Marcus Henning
The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was developed to assess undergraduate readiness for engaging in interprofessional education (IPE). It has become an accepted and commonly used instrument. To determine utility of a modified 16-item RIPLS instrument, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Data used were collected from a pre- and post-intervention study involving 360 New Zealand undergraduate students from one university. Just over half of the participants were enrolled in medicine (51%) while the remainder were in pharmacy (27%) and nursing (22%)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666671/the-comparative-experimental-study-of-multilabel-classification-for-diagnosis-assistant-based-on-chinese-obstetric-emrs
#19
Kunli Zhang, Hongchao Ma, Yueshu Zhao, Hongying Zan, Lei Zhuang
Obstetric electronic medical records (EMRs) contain massive amounts of medical data and health information. The information extraction and diagnosis assistants of obstetric EMRs are of great significance in improving the fertility level of the population. The admitting diagnosis in the first course record of the EMR is reasoned from various sources, such as chief complaints, auxiliary examinations, and physical examinations. This paper treats the diagnosis assistant as a multilabel classification task based on the analyses of obstetric EMRs...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663891/flipped-learning-can-rheumatology-lead-the-shift-in-medical-education
#20
Yasser El Miedany, Maha El Gaafary, Nadia El Aroussy, Sally Youssef
OBJECTIVE: To: 1. implement flipped classroom rheumatology teaching for undergraduate education. 2. Evaluate outcomes of teaching using OSCE assessment and student perceived effectiveness and satisfaction survey. METHODS: The flipped classroom education was conducted in 3 phases. Phase 1: carried out in the students' own time. Web links were emailed to assist exposure of the instructional part of the lesson online. Phase 2: interactive in-class activity to share personal reflection and reinforce the key aspects...
April 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
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