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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#1
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342767/developing-cognitive-task-analysis-based-educational-videos-for-basic-surgical-skills-in-plastic-surgery
#2
Celine Yeung, Catherine McMillan, Tomas J Saun, Kimberly Sun, Veerle D'hondt, Herbert P von Schroeder, Glykeria Martou, Matthew Lee, Elizabeth Liao, Paul Binhammer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of cognitive task analysis (CTA)-based multimedia educational videos for surgical trainees in plastic surgery. DESIGN: A needs assessment survey was used to identify 5 plastic surgery skills on which to focus the educational videos. Three plastic surgeons were video-recorded performing each skill while describing the procedure, and were interviewed with probing questions. Three medical student reviewers coded transcripts and categorized each step into "action," "decision," or "assessment," and created a cognitive demands table (CDT) for each skill...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339698/learning-from-errors-analysis-of-medication-order-voiding-in-cpoe-systems
#3
Thomas G Kannampallil, Joanna Abraham, Anna Solotskaya, Sneha G Philip, Bruce L Lambert, Gordon D Schiff, Adam Wright, William L Galanter
Objective: Medication order voiding allows clinicians to indicate that an existing order was placed in error. We explored whether the order voiding function could be used to record and study medication ordering errors. Materials and Methods: We examined medication orders from an academic medical center for a 6-year period (2006-2011; n  = 5 804 150). We categorized orders based on status (void, not void) and clinician-provided reasons for voiding. We used multivariable logistic regression to investigate the association between order voiding and clinician, patient, and order characteristics...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335770/a-model-of-influences-on-the-clinical-learning-environment-the-case-for-change-at-one-u-s-medical-school
#4
Howard B Fleit, Richard J Iuli, Janet E Fischel, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: The learning environment within a school of medicine influences medical students' values and their professional development. Despite national requirements to monitor the learning environment, mistreatment of medical students persists. METHODS: We designed a program called WE SMILE: We can Eradicate Student Mistreatment In the Learning Environment with a vision to enhance trainee and faculty awareness and ultimately eliminate medical student mistreatment...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332224/monitoring-and-regulation-of-learning-in-medical-education-the-need-for-predictive-cues
#5
Anique B H de Bruin, John Dunlosky, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti
CONTEXT: Being able to accurately monitor learning activities is a key element in self-regulated learning in all settings, including medical schools. Yet students' ability to monitor their progress is often limited, leading to inefficient use of study time. Interventions that improve the accuracy of students' monitoring can optimise self-regulated learning, leading to higher achievement. This paper reviews findings from cognitive psychology and explores potential applications in medical education, as well as areas for future research...
March 23, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331383/applying-team-based-learning-of-diagnostics-for-undergraduate-students-assessing-teaching-effectiveness-by-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#6
Rui Zeng, Lian-Rui Xiang, Jing Zeng, Chuan Zuo
BACKGROUND: We aimed to introduce team-based learning (TBL) as one of the teaching methods for diagnostics and to compare its teaching effectiveness with that of the traditional teaching methods. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial on diagnostics teaching involving 111 third-year medical undergraduates, using TBL as the experimental intervention, compared with lecture-based learning as the control, for teaching the two topics of symptomatology. Individual Readiness Assurance Test (IRAT)-baseline and Group Readiness Assurance Test (GRAT) were performed in members of each TBL subgroup...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331249/effectiveness-of-mind-mapping-technique-in-information-retrieval-among-medical-college-students-in-puducherry-a-pilot-study
#7
Madhanraj Kalyanasundaram, Sherin Billy Abraham, Divija Ramachandran, Venkatachalam Jayaseelan, Joy Bazroy, Zile Singh, Anil Jacob Purty
BACKGROUND: The traditional teaching learning methods involve a one way process of transmission of knowledge leaving the students lacking behind in creative abilities. Medical schools need to change their teaching strategies to keep the interest of students and empower them for future self- learning and critical thinking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of mind mapping technique in information retrieval among medical college students in Puducherry. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted using experimental study design among sixth semester MBBS students (n = 64) at a medical college in Puducherry, India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331123/development-of-teaching-materials-in-basic-nursing-using-virtual-reality-%C3%AF-ceiling-image-teaching-materials-of-a-hospital-room%C3%AF
#8
Keiko Tsuji, Naomi Iwata, Hiromi Kodama, Tomoko Hagiwara, Kiyako Takai, Maki Matsumoto
It is difficult to understand nursing practically for students who have just started studying nursing, because they cannot imagine the actual medical scene. The authors expect that they can improve nursing learning through experiences in virtual medical environments supported by ICT (information and commnication technology). We developed teaching materials in nursing education, and in a previous study we reported that the use of a virtual hospital was useful for students who had not had medical experience. The aim of the present study was to have students consider the meaning of a hospital room ceiling...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328232/learning-by-doing-the-md-pa-interprofessional-education-rural-rotation
#9
Ryan T Palmer, Curt Stilp
While much investment has gone into developing interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum for healthcare professional students, many of these efforts have focused on classroom rather than clinical environments. Implementing robust IPE experiences into clinical training is often complicated by obstacles such as differing rotating schedules and differing curricular requirements. The Combined Medical-Physician Assistant Student Rural Rotation (Med-PARR) at the Oregon Health and Science University takes a practical approach to these challenges...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327195/does-rating-the-operation-videos-with-a-checklist-score-improve-the-effect-of-e-learning-for-bariatric-surgical-training-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Javier Rodrigo De La Garza, Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Mirco Friedrich, Mona Wanda Schmidt, Thomas Bruckner, Hannes Götz Kenngott, Lars Fischer, Beat-Peter Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic training has become an important part of surgical education. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most common bariatric procedure performed. Surgeons must be well trained prior to operating on a patient. Multimodality training is vital for bariatric surgery. E-learning with videos is a standard approach for training. The present study investigates whether scoring the operation videos with performance checklists improves learning effects and transfer to a simulated operation...
March 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327147/medical-student-changes-in-self-regulated-learning-during-the-transition-to-the-clinical-environment
#11
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL), which is learners' ability to proactively select and use different strategies to reach learning goals, is associated with academic and clinical success and life-long learning. SRL does not develop automatically in the clinical environment and its development during the preclinical to clinical learning transition has not been quantitatively studied. Our study aims to fill this gap by measuring SRL in medical students during the transitional period and examining its contributing factors...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323395/development-of-a-didactical-training-concept-for-peer-tutors-in-gross-anatomy
#12
Simone Alvarez, Christoph Nikendei, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
Even though peer tutors are often used in gross anatomy courses, research in the field is rather a subject of the last two decades. This is especially true about the didactical challenges these types of peer tutors experience during their tutorials and about how they are prepared for the task. The aim of the presented study was to learn about the training needs of the tutors, and to subsequently design, implement, and evaluate a didactical training concept. A qualitative design was chosen to examine how tutors can best be prepared for tutorials of gross anatomy...
March 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318742/a-mobile-based-surgical-simulation-application-a-comparative-analysis-of-efficacy-using-a-carpal-tunnel-release%C3%A2-module
#13
Kamil M Amer, Taha Mur, Kamal Amer, Asif M Ilyas
PURPOSE: The utilization of surgical simulation continues to grow in medical training. The TouchSurgery application (app) is a new interactive virtual reality smartphone- or tablet-based app that offers a step-by-step tutorial and simulation for the execution of various operations. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the app versus traditional teaching modalities utilizing the "Carpal Tunnel Surgery" module. We hypothesized that users of the app would score higher than those using the traditional education medium indicating higher understanding of the steps of surgery...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318319/medical-student-perceptions-of-the-learning-environment-in-medical-school-change-as-students-transition-to-clinical-training-in-undergraduate-medical-school
#14
Lisette Dunham, Michael Dekhtyar, Gregory Gruener, Eileen CichoskiKelly, Jennifer Deitz, Donna Elliott, Margaret L Stuber, Susan E Skochelak
Phenomenon: The learning environment is the physical, social, and psychological context in which a student learns. A supportive learning environment contributes to student well-being and enhances student empathy, professionalism, and academic success, whereas an unsupportive learning environment may lead to burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism. Student perceptions of the medical school learning environment may change over time and be associated with students' year of training and may differ significantly depending on the student's gender or race/ethnicity...
March 20, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318201/-training-students-on-research-while-studying-pediatrics-in-the-school-of-medicine-teaching-experience
#15
Alfredo Eymann, Lucía Perez, Julio Busaniche, Nicolás Cacchiarelli, Clara Ceriani Cernadas, Carlos Wahren
Research is important during university education. The objective was to describe the teaching of an exercise in clinical research and its perception by students. Medical students conducted a research work in groups coordinated by a tutor. We evaluated the importance the students gave to research learning and we assessed the satisfaction of having participated in the activity in a scale from 1 to 10. Eighty-one students developed 14 research exercises, 44.4% reported having received training in research methodology before and 11...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317473/the-columbia-bronx-va-amalgamative-clerkship-an-effective-12-week-integrated-longitudinal-clinical-experience
#16
Jillian Diuguid-Gerber, Samuel Porter, Samuel C Quiah, Katherine Nickerson, Deborah Jones, Zeena Audi, Boyd F Richards
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools have adopted the longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC) model in response to calls for increased continuity in clinical learning environments. However, because of implementation challenges, such programs are not feasible at some institutions or are limited to a small number of students. OBJECTIVE: In January 2014, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (P&S) recognized the need to explore different LIC formats and began offering four, 12-week amalgamative clerkships (AC)...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316582/what-we-do-and-do-not-know-about-teaching-medical-image-interpretation
#17
Ellen M Kok, Koos van Geel, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer, Simon G F Robben
Educators in medical image interpretation have difficulty finding scientific evidence as to how they should design their instruction. We review and comment on 81 papers that investigated instructional design in medical image interpretation. We distinguish between studies that evaluated complete offline courses and curricula, studies that evaluated e-learning modules, and studies that evaluated specific educational interventions. Twenty-three percent of all studies evaluated the implementation of complete courses or curricula, and 44% of the studies evaluated the implementation of e-learning modules...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315694/incorporation-of-autopsy-case-based-learning-into-phd-graduate-education-a-novel-approach-to-bridging-the-bench-to-bedside-gap
#18
Erin G Brooks, Joanne M Thornton, Erik A Ranheim, Zsuzsanna Fabry
Given the current rapid expansion of biological knowledge and the challenges of translating that knowledge into clinical practice, finding effective methods of teaching graduate students clinical medicine concepts has become even more critical. The utility of autopsy in medical student and resident education has been well-established. Multiple studies have reported it to be a helpful means of teaching anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical problem-solving skills, and medical diagnostic techniques. While various models of training Ph...
March 15, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304001/students-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-anatomy-demonstrations-in-traditional-and-hybrid-undergraduate-medical-education-curricula
#19
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Khalid Ahmed, Ambreen Surti
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique was used and all students were included. The completed questionnaire responses were returned by 92 CMC and 87 HMC students. CMC cohort understood the structural relationship more than HMC (p=0.03). AD helped 50 students (54%) of CMC to get through the theory examination, however 73 (84%) students of HMC found them useful in preparation for theory examinations (p<0...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304000/outcome-based-approach-to-medical-education-towards-academic-programmes-accreditation-a-review-article
#20
Abdelmarouf H Mohieldein
The rapid change worldwide, as a consequence of advances in science and technology, necessitates the graduation of well-qualified graduates who have the appropriate knowledge and skills to fulfill specific work requirements. Hence, redesigning academic models by focusing on educational outcomes became the target and priority for universities around the world. In this systematic review we collected and retrieved literature using a selection of electronic databases. The objectives of this report is to: 1) provide an overview of the evolution of outcome-based education (OBE), (2) illustrate the philosophy and principle of OBE, (3) list the OBE advantages and benefits, (4) describe the assessment strategies used in OBE, and (5) discuss the role of teachers and students as key elements...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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