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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#1
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208882/pbl-trigger-design-by-medical-students-an-effective-active-learning-strategy-outside-the-classroom
#2
Maya Roche, Indira Kakkunje Adiga, Akshatha G Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Problem Based Learning (PBL) is known world over as an effective, active learning strategy with many benefits for the student. Usually, in medical schools, PBL triggers are designed by a well-trained group of faculty from basic and clinical sciences. The challenge was whether this task could be given to students in the first year of their curriculum and be executed by them effectively. AIM: To enhance active learning, comprehension and critical thinking with a view to promote horizontal and vertical integration between subjects...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#3
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202322/sexual-health-competencies-for-undergraduate-medical-education-in-north-america
#4
Carey Roth Bayer, Kristen L Eckstrand, Gail Knudson, Jean Koehler, Scott Leibowitz, Perry Tsai, Jamie L Feldman
INTRODUCTION: The number of hours spent teaching sexual health content and skills in medical education continues to decrease despite the increase in sexual health issues faced by patients across the lifespan. In 2012 and 2014, experts across sexuality disciplines convened for the Summits on Medical School Education and Sexual Health to strategize and recommend approaches to improve sexual health education in medical education systems and practice settings. One of the summit recommendations was to develop sexual health competencies that could be implemented in undergraduate medical education curricula...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202233/practice-makes-perfect-a-systematic-review-of-the-expertise-development-of-pharmacist-and-nurse-independent-prescribers-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
REVIEW
Aseel S Abuzour, Penny J Lewis, Mary P Tully
BACKGROUND: Prescribing is a complex and error-prone task that demands expertise. McLellan et al.'s theory of expertise development model ("the model"), developed to assess medical literature on prescribing by medical students, proposes that in order to develop, individuals should deliberately engage their knowledge, skills and attitudes within a social context. Its applicability to independent prescribers (IP) is unknown. AIM: A systematic review was conducted to explore whether the model is applicable to non-medical independent prescribing and to assess the factors underpinning expertise development reported in the literature...
February 7, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199052/the-flipped-classroom-approach-stimulating-positive-learning-attitudes-and-improving-mastery-of-histology-among-medical-students
#6
Xin Cheng, Kenneth Ka Ho Lee, Eric Y Chang, Xuesong Yang
Traditional medical education methodologies have been dramatically impacted by the introduction of new teaching approaches over the past few decades. In particular, the "flipped classroom" format has drawn a great deal of attention. However, evidence regarding the effectiveness of the flipped model remains limited due to a lack of outcome-based studies. In the present study, a pilot histology curriculum of the organ systems was implemented among 24 Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) students in a flipped classroom format at Jinan University...
November 4, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196948/medical-students-opportunities-to-participate-and-learn-from-activities-at-an-internal-medicine-ward-an-ethnographic-study
#7
A Hägg-Martinell, H Hult, P Henriksson, A Kiessling
OBJECTIVES: To optimise medical students' early clerkship is a complex task since it is conducted in a context primarily organised to take care of patients. Previous studies have explored medical students' perceptions of facilitation and hindrance of learning. However, the opportunities for medical student to learn within the culture of acute medicine care have not been fully investigated. This study aimed to explore how medical students approach, interact and socialise in an acute internal medicine ward context, and how spaces for learning are created and used in such a culture...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194595/double-balloon-colonoscopy-has-a-higher-cecal-intubation-rate-than-conventional-colonoscopy-using-a-colon-simulator
#8
Keijiro Sunada, Satoshi Shinozaki, Tomonori Yano, Yoshikazu Hayashi, Hirotsugu Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Hironori Yamamoto
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cecal intubation using conventional colonoscopy (CC) requires substantial training. We hypothesized that double-balloon colonoscopy (DBC) facilitates cecal intubation by endoscopy naïve operators. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cecal intubation rate and learning curve of DBC compared with CC. METHODS: Eighteen endoscopy naïve medical students were allocated to two groups and attempted cecal intubation within 20 min using a colon simulator...
February 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193748/medical-students-unique-experience-of-army-leadership-training-a-qualitative-study
#9
John Earis, J Garner, D Haddock, J Jenkins, V Jha
OBJECTIVES: To assess the interactive experience of first year medical students attending the leadership and management course hosted by a British Army Reserve Field Hospital developed in partnership with Liverpool University. METHODS: 244 students submitted a 1000-word structured reflective learning assignment about their reaction to, learning from and any behaviour and attitude changes as a result of, the training. The assignments were thematically analysed to identify how aspects of the training had impacted upon the students' understanding of leadership and teamwork...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193125/preparation-for-practice-a-novel-role-for-general-practice-in-pre-foundation-assistantships
#10
Peter S J Ryan, Gerard J Gormley, Nigel D Hart
BACKGROUND: Hospital-based undergraduate assistantships are now widely established in medical school curricula. They are considered to improve graduates' preparedness for practice in their role as a foundation doctor. Foundation doctors play a key team role in ensuring patient safety during complex transitions across the hospital/primary care interface, and their self-reported preparedness for practice still varies considerably. AIMS: We sought to explore what spending one week of the pre-foundation assistantship in General Practice might add...
February 13, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188201/a-day-of-immersive-physiology-experiments-increases-knowledge-and-excitement-towards-physiology-and-scientific-careers-in-native-american-students
#11
Bryan K Becker, Alicia M Schiller, Irving H Zucker, Eric A Eager, Liliana P Bronner, Maurice Godfrey
Underserved minority groups are disproportionately absent from the pursuit of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. One such underserved population, Native Americans, are particularly underrepresented in STEM fields. Although recent advocacy and outreach designed toward increasing minority involvement in health care-related occupations have been mostly successful, little is known about the efficacy of outreach programs in increasing minority enthusiasm toward careers in traditional scientific professions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185316/applying-translabial-ultrasound-to-detect-synthetic-slings-you-can-do-it-too-a-comparison-of-urology-trainees-to-an-attending-radiologist
#12
Jim K Shen, Daniel Faaborg, Glenn Rouse, Isaac Kelly, Roger Li, Muhannad Alsyouf, Kristene Myklak, Brian Distelberg, Andrea Staack
AIMS: Translabial ultrasound (TUS) is a useful tool for identifying and assessing synthetic slings. This study evaluates the ability of urology trainees to learn basic pelvic anatomy and sling assessment on TUS. METHODS: Eight urology trainees (six residents and two medical students) received a lecture reviewing basic anatomy and sling assessment on TUS followed by review of two training cases. Next, they underwent a 126-question examination assessing their ability to identify anatomic planes and structures in those planes, identify the presence of slings, and assess the location and intactness of a sling...
February 10, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184172/practically-prepared-pre-intern-student-views-following-an-education-package
#13
Susan McKenzie, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Graduating medical students enter their internship with varied levels of practical experience in procedural skills. To address this problem, many medical schools have introduced intensive skill training courses immediately prior to graduation. This study examines the impact of a pre-intern (PrInt) education package, consisting of a short intensive course, followed by a one-month clinical attachment. METHODS: In September 2014, all PrInt students (n = 53) at the Central Clinical School (Sydney, NSW, Australia) attended three days of intensive training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184087/learning-to-look-from-different-perspectives-what-can-dental-undergraduates-learn-from-an-arts-and-humanities-based-teaching-approach
#14
F Smyth Zahra, K Dunton
By its nature, clinical teaching involves supporting small groups of dental students at the chairside as they treat their own patients. Scaffolding their learning in this way enables observation at close quarters of the various stages of development from early novice, just commencing clinical treatment of patients, to those approaching qualification. The students' main concerns throughout are not primarily with the technical skills required, which they have already been taught in the clinical skills laboratories, but dealing with the complex realities and ambiguities of clinical practice; the 'hidden curriculum' of decision making, judgement calls, issues of communication and what it actually means to be professional...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183409/bridging-the-millennial-generation-expectation-gap-perspectives-and-strategies-for-physician-and-interprofessional-faculty
#15
Valerie N Williams, Jose Medina, Andria Medina, Shari Clifton
Assigning attributes to a birth cohort is one way we identify society-wide, shared life experiences within a group collectively called a "generation." Such assigned attributes influence society's adoption of generation-based expectations held by and about people from a particular birth cohort. Census data and generational attributes inform perspectives on millennial generation birth cohort experiences and engagement as students. The eldest living generation in U.S. society has given way to 3 subsequent generations, the youngest of which is called the millennial generation...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183408/developing-a-physician-s-professional-identity-through-medical-education
#16
Kenneth E Olive, Caroline L Abercrombie
Professionalism represents a fundamental characteristic of physicians. Professional organizations have developed professionalism competencies for physicians and medical students. The aim of teaching medical professionalism is to ensure the development of a professional identity in medical students. Professional identity formation is a process developed through teaching principles and appropriate behavioral responses to the stresses of being a physician. Addressing lapses and critical reflection is an important part of the educational process...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179713/thinking-clinically-from-the-beginning-early-introduction-of-the-pharmacists-patient-care-process
#17
Anastasia Rivkin
Objective. To describe a student-centered teaching method used to introduce a pharmacist patient care process (PPCP) during the first year of a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program. Design. In the fall of 2014, a cohort of students (n=85) began an integrated pharmacotherapy (IPT) course sequence in the first semester of pharmacy school. The first course in this sequence laid the foundation for the delivery of care, focusing on the individual components of a PPCP. Faculty member used a variety of teaching methods in the course to introduce medication history taking, identification of drug-related problems, identifying components of a patient case, and learning/beginning to write subjective, objective, assessment, plan (SOAP) notes...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179701/assessing-correlation-between-students-perception-of-the-learning-environment-and-their-academic-performance
#18
Thamer Nouh, Shirin Anil, Alaa Alanazi, Walaa Al-Shehri, Njoud Alfaisal, Basma Alfaris, Ebtihal Alamer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the learning environment and academic performance at medical colleges. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in four medical colleges in 2014 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Online questionnaire was sent to final year medical students. It included demographic profile, the last Grade Point Average, and the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure. Data was analysed using SPSS 17. RESULTS: Of the 423 students who were sent the online form, 261(61...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#19
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178915/the-relationship-between-the-monitored-performance-of-tutors-and-students-at-pbl-tutorials-and-the-marked-hypotheses-generated-by-students-in-a-hybrid-curriculum
#20
Jonas I Addae, Pradeep Sahu, Bidyadhar Sa
INTRODUCTION: There have been a number of published studies examining the link between the effectiveness of the problem-based learning (PBL) process and students' performance in examinations. In a hybrid PBL/lectures curriculum, the results of such studies are of limited use because of the difficulty in dissociating the knowledge gained at lectures from that gained through PBL-related activities. Hence, the objectives of this study were: (1) to develop an instrument to measure the performance of tutors and students at PBL tutorials, and (2) to explore the contribution of such performances to the marks attained by students from the hypotheses generated at PBL tutorials...
2017: Medical Education Online
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