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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222631/an-advanced-simulator-for-orthopedic-surgical-training
#1
J Cecil, Avinash Gupta, Miguel Pirela-Cruz
PURPOSE: The purpose of creating the virtual reality (VR) simulator is to facilitate and supplement the training opportunities provided to orthopedic residents. The use of VR simulators has increased rapidly in the field of medical surgery for training purposes. This paper discusses the creation of the virtual surgical environment (VSE) for training residents in an orthopedic surgical process called less invasive stabilization system (LISS) surgery which is used to address fractures of the femur...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#2
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221459/team-based-learning-tbl-in-the-medical-curriculum-better-than-pbl
#3
Annette Burgess, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq, Chris Roberts, Roger Garsia, Tomas Robertson, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Internationally, medical schools have long used a variety of approaches to develop hybrid Problem based learning (PBL) curricula. However, Team-based learning (TBL), has gained recent popularity in medical education. TBL maintains the advantages of small group teaching and learning, but in contrast to Problem-based learning (PBL), does not require large numbers of tutors. In 2016, TBL was introduced to Year 1 of the Sydney Medical Program (SMP).This study sought to compare students' perceptions of using TBL in place of PBL...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221454/must-we-remain-blind-to-undergraduate-medical-ethics-education-in-africa-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nigerian-medical-students
#4
Onochie Okoye, Daniel Nwachukwu, Ferdinand C Maduka-Okafor
BACKGROUND: As the practice of medicine inevitably raises both ethical and legal issues, it had been recommended since 1999 that medical ethics and human rights be taught at every medical school. Most Nigerian medical schools still lack a formal undergraduate medical ethics curriculum. Medical education remains largely focused on traditional medical science components, leaving the medical students to develop medical ethical decision-making skills and moral attitudes passively within institutions noted for relatively strong paternalistic traditions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220581/high-stakes-collaborative-testing-why-not
#5
Ruth E Levine, Nicole J Borges, Brenda J B Roman, Lisa R Carchedi, Mark H Townsend, Jeffrey S Cluver, Julia Frank, Oma Morey, Paul Haidet, Britta M Thompson
Phenomenon: Studies of high-stakes collaborative testing remain sparse, especially in medical education. We explored high-stakes collaborative testing in medical education, looking specifically at the experiences of students in established and newly formed teams. APPROACH: Third-year psychiatry students at 5 medical schools across 6 sites participated, with 4 participating as established team sites and 2 as comparison team sites. For the collaborative test, we used the National Board of Medical Examiners Psychiatry subject test, administering it via a 2-stage process...
December 8, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219797/-timing-of-the-care-internship-in-the-medical-curriculum-when-should-students-make-acquaintance-with-older-patients
#6
W P Achterberg, J Lindenberg
A care internship in the first year of medical school is an effective way to help students learn to reflect and to acquire professional behaviour. Research has shown, however, that the impressions young medical students have of older people were not very positive before the care internship, and actually worsen afterwards. The care internship has now been adapted as result of these findings and on the basis of evidence in existing literature. Scientific evaluation of educational programmes, and studying potential side effects, are necessary to keep the medical curriculum effective and appropriate...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218359/-significance-of-the-doctorate-in-scientific-medical-education
#7
Matthias Frosch
According to European and German law, the medical education of physicians must take place in a scientific degree program at a university or under the supervision of a university. To keep up the ideal of a scientific degree program, various organizations and associations, such as the German Research Foundation, the German Council of Science and Humanities and the German Medical Faculty Association, see the need for an even stronger anchoring of academic learning content in the course of study. Traditionally, a scientific project, which is carried out during the studies, provides the basis for the Doctor of Medicine (Dr...
December 7, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216602/nursing-students-learning-the-pharmacology-of-diabetes-mellitus-with-complexity-based-computerized-models-a-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Ilana Dubovi, Efrat Dagan, Ola Sader Mazbar, Laila Nassar, Sharona T Levy
BACKGROUND: Pharmacology is a crucial component of medications administration in nursing, yet nursing students generally find it difficult and self-rate their pharmacology skills as low. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate nursing students learning pharmacology with the Pharmacology Inter-Leaved Learning-Cells environment, a novel approach to modeling biochemical interactions using a multiscale, computer-based model with a complexity perspective based on a small set of entities and simple rules...
November 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215375/pushing-critical-thinking-skills-with-multiple-choice-questions-does-bloom-s-taxonomy-work
#9
Nikki L Bibler Zaidi, Karri L Grob, Seetha M Monrad, Joshua B Kurtz, Andrew Tai, Asra Z Ahmed, Larry D Gruppen, Sally A Santen
Medical school assessments should foster the development of higher-order thinking skills to support clinical reasoning and a solid foundation of knowledge. Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are commonly used to assess student learning, and well-written MCQs can support learner engagement in higher levels of cognitive reasoning such as application or synthesis of knowledge. Bloom's taxonomy has been used to identify MCQs that assess students' critical thinking skills, with evidence suggesting that higher-order MCQs support a deeper conceptual understanding of scientific process skills...
December 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215311/classification-of-breast-cancer-from-ultrasound-imaging-using-a-generic-deep-learning-analysis-software-a-pilot-study
#10
Anton S Becker, Michael Mueller, Elina Stoffel, Magda Marcon, Soleen Ghafoor, Andreas Boss
PURPOSE: To train a generic deep learning software (DLS) to classify breast cancer on ultrasound images and to compare its performance to human readers with variable breast imaging experience. METHODS: In this IRB-approved, HIPAA compliant, retrospective study, all breast ultrasound examinations from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014 were reviewed. Patients with postsurgical scars, initially indeterminate, or malignant lesions with histological diagnoses or 2-year follow-up were included...
December 7, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212340/encouragers-and-discouragers-affecting-medical-graduates-choice-of-regional-and-rural-practice-locations
#11
Ann McKillop, Craig Webster, Win Bennett, Barbara O'Connor, Warwick Bagg
INTRODUCTION: Access to health care as near to where people live as possible is desirable. However, not enough medical graduates choose to work in rural and regional areas, especially in general practice. The career decisions of recent medical graduates are known to be affected by a variety of professional, societal and personal factors. Internationally, medical programmes have exposed students to regional and rural experiences partly to encourage them to seek employment in these areas after graduation...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209801/-interprofessional-multistation-practical-training-in-the-auditorium-implementation-of-the-national-competence-based-catalog-of-learning-objectives-for-undergraduate-medical-education-in-the-cross-sectorial-area-medicine-of-aging-and-the-aged-at-the-tu-dresden
#12
Maik Sauer, Matthias Görnig, Karen Voigt, Jeaninne Schübel, Antje Bergmann
BACKGROUND: The German national competence-based catalogue of learning objectives for undergraduate medical education (NKLM) newly introduced in 2015, provides a variety of learning objectives, competences, as well as practical skills for the cross-sectorial area 7 "Medication of Aging and the Aged" (QB7). Against this background an interdisciplinary teaching concept to mediate all required teaching contents should be developed. OBJECTIVE: Can an interdisciplinary multistation practical course in the auditorium, in which different tasks and skills are trained at each station meet the requirements of the NKLM? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation by questionnaire and rating of answers on a 6-stage Likert scale...
December 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208032/junior-rounds-an-educational-initiative-to-improve-role-transitions-for-junior-residents
#13
Richard Dunbar-Yaffe, Wayne L Gold, Peter E Wu
OBJECTIVE: At our institution, Morning Report focuses mostly on diagnostic reasoning. This makes it a challenge for first-year residents to learn to manage common on-call emergencies, such as hyperkalemia. We sought to improve their preparedness for the transitions they would encounter: from medical student to physician at the beginning of the academic year, and from junior resident to senior resident toward the end. In response to feedback, we developed the Junior Rounds curriculum: a weekly session focused on the approach to commonly encountered on-call emergencies and internal medicine referrals...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207738/medical-education-terminologies-do-these-really-percolate-to-the-level-of-medical-students-a-survey
#14
Arunita Jagzape, Tushar Jagzape, Swanand Pathak
Introduction: In Medical Education Technology, many terminologies are embodied in faculty training programs; used by teachers in daily practice like learning objectives, curriculum, and domains, formative and summative assessments. The awareness and knowledge of students regarding these terminologies, is questionable. Aim: To assess the awareness and knowledge of the students of all phases of MBBS - regarding terminologies in medical education. Materials and Methods: The study was questionnaire based survey at a private medical college in rural setting...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207458/implementation-of-problem-based-learning-in-medical-education-in-korea
#15
Sanghee Yeo, Bong Hyun Chang
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify how problem-based learning (PBL) has been implemented in Korean medical education, and how it is evaluated by each medical school. METHODS: For this study, a total of 40 medical schools in Korea were surveyed via e-mail. The survey tool was a questionnaire consisting of 22 questions which was developed independently by the researchers. RESULTS: Of the 40 medical schools, 35 schools were implementing PBL programs in their medical curriculum, while five were found not currently to be running the program...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207457/verification-of-learner-s-differences-by-team-based-learning-in-biochemistry-classes
#16
Kwang Ho Mun, Kyo Cheol Mun
PURPOSE: We tested the effect of team-based learning (TBL) on medical education through the second-year premedical students' TBL scores in biochemistry classes over 5 years. METHODS: We analyzed the results based on test scores before and after the students' debate. The groups of students for statistical analysis were divided as follows: group 1 comprised the top-ranked students, group 3 comprised the low-ranked students, and group 2 comprised the medium-ranked students...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206799/simulation-based-educational-module-improves-intern-and-medical-student-performance-of-closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-pinning-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures
#17
Bennet A Butler, Cort D Lawton, Jamie Burgess, Earvin S Balderama, Katherine A Barsness, John F Sarwark
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based education has been integrated into many orthopaedic residency programs to augment traditional teaching models. Here we describe the development and implementation of a combined didactic and simulation-based course for teaching medical students and interns how to properly perform a closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of a pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture. METHODS: Subjects included in the study were either orthopaedic surgery interns or subinterns at our institution...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205960/what-do-medical-students-learn-from-dissection
#18
Natasha A M S Flack, Helen D Nicholson
Dissection has long been the accepted method for teaching anatomy to medical students. More recently, some educators have suggested that easier, cheaper, alternative methods are just as effective. But what do the students think? This paper aimed to identify what undergraduate medical students learn, how they cope, and what effects participating in dissection has on them as individuals. A cohort of 267 second year medical students at Otago Medical School were invited to complete three online surveys; before their first dissection laboratory class, after their first musculoskeletal system dissection and following the last semester of studying anatomy...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205513/observations-on-the-inconsistency-of-dermatome-maps-and-its-effect-on-knowledge-and-confidence-in-clinical-students
#19
D Challoumas, A Ferro, A Walker, C Brassett
INTRODUCTION: Dermatomes are an important component of medical curricula and clinical practice. In addition to the intrinsic complexity of dermatome maps, their discrepancies in the literature make their learning among students even more difficult. These discrepancies are particularly evident in the lower deltoid ("regimental badge" area) and upper back. The aims of our study were firstly to identify and compare published versions of the dermatome map focusing on depictions of the "regimental badge" area and upper back, secondly to assess the perceived confidence and knowledge of dermatomes among medical students, and finally to create and introduce a simplified dermatome map...
December 5, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205440/effect-of-reflection-on-medical-students-situational-interest-an-experimental-study
#20
Ligia M C Ribeiro, Silvia Mamede, Alexandre S Moura, Eliza M de Brito, Rosa M D de Faria, Henk G Schmidt
CONTEXT: Reflection has been considered crucial to learning. Engaging in reflection while solving problems is expected to foster identification of knowledge gaps and interest in learning more about them, the latter being a major motivational force in learning. Although theoretically sound, this assumption still lacks empirical evidence. This experiment investigated whether reflection while diagnosing clinical cases of different levels of difficulty influences medical students' awareness of knowledge gaps and situational interest...
December 4, 2017: Medical Education
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