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Postoperative atrial fibrilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336396/right-atrial-fibroma-in-an-adult-patient
#1
Aghighe Heidari, Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji
Left atrial fibroma as a benign tumor is an exceedingly rare left atrial mass. It has various clinical signs and symptoms and sometimes leads to serious complications such as lethal arrhythmia and death. We report a case of right atrial fibroma in a 40-year-old male who presented with dyspnea and atrial fibrillation. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large sessile mass attached to interatrial septum near the coronary sinus valve in the right atrium. The patient underwent surgical resection of tumor through the right atrium...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334508/practical-valvular-issues-in-patients-requiring-ventricular-assist-devices
#2
Mitesh Badiwala, Terrence Yau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As ventricular assist device (VAD) therapy in patients with advanced heart failure continues to grow, experience with concomitant valvular diseases present either before or after VAD implantation continues to accrue. In this review, we discuss recent data and current practice as it pertains to the subject of concomitant valvular disease in patients requiring VADs. RECENT FINDINGS: Persistent aortic valve closure has been identified as a potential contributor to aortic valve 'disuse atrophy' resulting in valve degeneration...
January 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326837/one-stage-approach-for-hybrid-atrial-fibrillation-treatment
#3
Vincent Umbrain, Christian Verborgh, Gian-Battista Chierchia, Carlo De Asmundis, Pedro Brugada, Mark La Meir
The one-stage approach for hybrid atrial fibrillation involves the simultaneous and close cooperation of different medical specialties. This review attempts to describe its challenging issues, exposing a plan to balance thrombotic risk and bleeding risk. It describes the combined surgical-electrophysiological procedure. Specific topics, involving hemodynamic, fluid and respiratory management during surgery are considered, and problems related to postoperative pain are surveyed.
December 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326112/epidemiology-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#4
Giovanni Filardo, Ralph J Damiano, Gorav Ailawadi, Vinod H Thourani, Benjamin D Pollock, Danielle M Sass, Teresa K Phan, Hoa Nguyen, Briget da Graca
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is significantly associated with reduced survival, but poor characterisation and inconsistent definitions present barriers to developing effective prophylaxis and management. We sought to address this knowledge gap. METHODS: From 2002 to 2010, 11 239 consecutive patients without AF underwent isolated CABG at five sites. Clinical data collected for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Database were augmented with details on AF detected via continuous in-hospital ECG/telemetry monitoring to assess new-onset post-CABG AF (adjusted for STS risk of mortality); time to first AF; durations of first and longest AF episodes; total in-hospital time in AF; number of in-hospital AF episodes; operative mortality; stroke; discharge in AF; and length of stay (LOS)...
January 11, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315152/impact-of-surgeon-self-evaluation-and-positive-deviance-on-postoperative-adverse-events-after-non-cardiac-thoracic-surgery
#5
Jelena Ivanovic, Fargol Mostofian, Caitlin Anstee, Sebastien Gilbert, Donna E Maziak, Farid M Shamji, Ramanadhan Sudhir Sundaresan, Patrick James Villeneuve, Andrew J E Seely
As an innovative approach to improve quality of surgical care, we combined surgeon self-assessment and anonymized peer comparison with continuous quality improvement seminars using positive deviance (CQI/PD) to identify surgeon(s) with the lowest rates of adverse events (AEs) to guide group practice recommendations. Our objective was to quantify the impact these interventions on postoperative AEs rates after major non-cardiac chest operations. All postoperative AEs after all thoracic operations (n = 1,084, March, 2013 to February, 2016, single-center) were prospectively collected using the thoracic morbidity and mortality system, based on Clavien-Dindo schema...
January 8, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313903/cardiovascular-complications-after-non-cardiac-surgery
#6
REVIEW
D Sellers, C Srinivas, G Djaiani
Cardiac complications are common after non-cardiac surgery. Peri-operative myocardial infarction occurs in 3% of patients undergoing major surgery. Recently, however, our understanding of the epidemiology of these cardiac events has broadened to include myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery, diagnosed by an asymptomatic troponin rise, which also carries a poor prognosis. We review the causation of myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery, with potential for prevention and treatment, based on currently available international guidelines and landmark studies...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310559/arrhythmias-in-children-in-early-postoperative-period-after-cardiac-surgery
#7
Manoj Kumar Sahu, Anupam Das, Bharat Siddharth, Sachin Talwar, Sarvesh Pal Singh, Atul Abraham, Arin Choudhury
BACKGROUND: Postoperative arrhythmias are a known complication after cardiac surgical repairs for congenital heart disease. METHODS: Data were reviewed pertaining to incidence, diagnosis, potential risk factors, and management of postoperative arrhythmias in 369 consecutive patients under 18 years of age, undergoing elective open heart surgery. All children were admitted to the intensive care unit and continuous electrocardiographic monitoring was performed. Patient factors such as Aristotle Basic Complexity Score, total surgical duration, hypotension, tachycardia, serum lactate level, and inotropic score were analyzed...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307691/atorvastatin-prevents-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-for-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#8
Chen Sai, Jiang Li, Xiao Yingbin, Ma Ruiyan
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggested that statins might reduce postoperative atrial fibrillation for patients undergoing cardiac surgery (AF).However, a number of retrospective studies showed equivocal results. We aimed to evaluate whether different statins can reduce risk of AF in different doses. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Database for all published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined effects of statin therapy on AF up to June 2016...
January 4, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302461/warfarin-anticoagulation-in-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-survivors-watas
#9
Yskert von Kodolitsch, Oliver Wilson, Helke Schüler, Axel Larena-Avellaneda, Tilo Kölbel, Sabine Wipper, Fiona Rohlffs, Christian Behrendt, E Sebastian Debus, Jens Brickwedel, Evaldas Girdauskas, Christian Detter, Alexander M Bernhardt, Jürgen Berger, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Tamer Ghazy, Klaus Matschke, Ralf-Thorsten Hoffmann, Norbert Weiss, Adrian Mahlmann
Background: Early survivors of acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) remain at risk for late death and late aortic events. However, the frequency and long-term effects of warfarin anticoagulation on long-term outcome in post-surgical AAAD survivors have not been elucidated. Methods: Two tertiary care centers performed a retrospective observational cohort study of warfarin anticoagulation in AAAD in 243 persons with early survival of surgical repair (WATAS). Serial postoperative tomographic imaging was available in 106 persons...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301583/which-factor-is-the-most-effective-one-in-metabolic-sydrome-on-the-outcomes-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-cohort-study-of-5%C3%A2-years
#10
Lijuan Wang, Xiangyang Qian, Mingya Wang, Xinran Tang, Hushan Ao
BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome and diabetes mellitus are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of Metabolic Syndrome with or without diabetes on perioperative and long-term morbidity and mortality after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft remain unclear. METHODS: An retrospective study was performed on 1166 patients who received isolated primary Coronary Artery Bypass Graft in Fuwai hospital. They were divided into three groups: control, Metabolic Syndrome of three factors together with diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome of three factors without diabetes (n = 868, 76 and 222 respectively)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296063/atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery-prevention-and-management-the-australasian-experience
#11
REVIEW
Mohammed Alawami, Andrew Chatfield, Rajaie Ghashi, Laurence Walker
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery is a major health problem that is associated with a significant financial burden. This paper aims to highlight this problem and review the current guidelines in the prevention and management of AF after cardiac surgery, providing our experience in the Australasian centers. Methods: We conducted a literature review using mainly PubMed to compare the current practice with the available evidence. EMBASE and Cochrane library were also searched...
January 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290081/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-and-other-risk-factors-for-predicting-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-after-thoracic-surgery
#12
Zhenye Pu, Xiaotong Qi, Tao Xue, Zhiyong Liu, Yanhu Wu
BACKGROUND:  Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with increased morality rate, prolonged hospitalization, and reduced long-term survival after surgery. Thus, prediction of POAF is important to assess surgical risk and provide prophylaxis. METHODS:  It was a prospective study of 207 consecutive patients who underwent a routine preoperative laboratory testing before thoracic surgery from October 2016 to May 2017. Comprehensive data were collected...
December 31, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290011/the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-in-patients-aged-75%C3%A2-years-and-older
#13
Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Suriya Punchai, Linden A Karas, Samuel Szomstein, Rahul J Rosenthal, Stacy A Brethauer, Ali Aminian, Philip R Schauer
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been shown to be safe and effective in patients aged 60-75 years; however, outcomes in patients aged 75 or older are undocumented. METHODS: Patients aged 75 years and older who underwent bariatric procedures in two academic centers between 2006 and 2015 were studied. RESULTS: A total of 19 patients aged 75 years and above were identified. Eleven (58%) were male, the median age was 76 years old (range 75-81), and the median preoperative body mass index (BMI) was 41...
December 30, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289938/pharmacological-interventions-for-preventing-post-operative-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-network-meta-analysis-protocol
#14
Xiaoqin Wang, Liang Yao, Long Ge, Lun Li, Fuxiang Liang, Qi Zhou, Yaolong Chen, Yongfeng Wang, Kehu Yang
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common complication following cardiac surgery, and randomised clinical trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews have been conducted to compare and evaluate different pharmacological interventions for preventing POAF. This study aimed to explore the effect of different pharmacological interventions for prophylaxis against POAF after cardiac surgery using network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic search will be performed in PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library to identify RCTs, systematic reviews, meta-analyses or NMA of different pharmacological interventions for POAF...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276280/examining-the-use-of-sodium-nitroprusside-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-is-the-benefit-worth-the-cost
#15
Caitlin M Gibson, Sondra Davis, Darien Bradford
Purpose: Sodium nitroprusside is a vasodilator frequently used in the coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) setting. However, the price of a 50-mg vial of sodium nitroprusside increased from $5.00 in 2003 to up to $900 in 2016. The purpose of this review is to help health systems balance high-quality patient care with economic responsibility. Methods: A MEDLINE literature search was performed using the search terms "nitroprusside" and "coronary artery bypass." All English-language trials in human subjects assessing the use of sodium nitroprusside in the setting of CABG were evaluated...
July 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276146/prognostic-impact-of-prolonged-cross-clamp-time-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#16
Vito G Ruggieri, Karl Bounader, Jean Philippe Verhoye, Francesco Onorati, Antonino S Rubino, Giuseppe Gatti, Tuomas Tauriainen, Marisa De Feo, Daniel Reichart, Magnus Dalén, Peter Svenarud, Giuseppe Faggian, Giuseppe Santarpino, Daniele Maselli, Riccardo Gherli, Giovanni Mariscalco, Antonio Salsano, Francesco Nicolini, Tiziano Gherli, Matteo Saccocci, Juhani K E Airaksinen, Sidney Chocron, Andrea Perrotti, Fausto Biancari
BACKGROUND: The prognostic impact of cross-clamp time (XCT) in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has not been thoroughly investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 2957 patients who underwent on-pump isolated CABG from the prospective multicentre E-CABG study were the subjects of this analysis. RESULTS: The mean XCT in this series was 58±25minutes Cross-clamp time was >60 minutes in 1134 patients (38.3%), >75minutes in 619 patients (20...
October 6, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274913/oral-anticoagulation-may-not-be-necessary-for-patients-discharged-in-sinus-rhythm-after-the-cox-maze-iv-procedure
#17
Takashi Murashita, J Scott Rankin, Lawrence M Wei, Harold G Roberts, Mohamad A Alkhouli, Vinay Badhwar
OBJECTIVES: Oral anticoagulants have inherent risks. In the absence of clear evidence, anticoagulant use after surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation remains variable. This study examined patient outcomes with and without oral anticoagulants after successful surgical ablation. METHODS: From October 2011 to April 2016, 239 consecutive patients underwent biatrial Cox Maze IV operations for persistent atrial fibrillation. All patients received endocardial left atrial appendage obliteration...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258674/surgical-outcomes-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-ipilimumab-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
Chi-Fu Jeffrey Yang, Frances McSherry, Nicholas R Mayne, Xiaofei Wang, Mark F Berry, Betty Tong, David H Harpole, Thomas A D'Amico, Jared D Christensen, Neal E Ready, Jacob A Klapper
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of using neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus ipilimumab followed by surgery as a treatment strategy for stage II-IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: From 2013 to 2017, postoperative data from patients who underwent surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus ipilimumab in the TOP1201 trial, an open label phase II trial (NCT01820754), were prospectively collected. The surgical outcomes from TOP1201 were compared with outcomes in a historical cohort of patients receiving standard preoperative chemotherapy followed by surgery identified from our institution's prospectively collected thoracic surgery database...
December 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258620/refractory-ventricular-fibrillations-after-surgical-repair-of-atrial-septal-defects-in-a-patient-with-cacna1c-gene-mutation-case-report
#19
Ai Kojima, Fumiaki Shikata, Toru Okamura, Takashi Higaki, Seiko Ohno, Minoru Horie, Shunji Uchita, Yujiro Kawanishi, Kenji Namiguchi, Takumi Yasugi, Hironori Izutani
BACKGROUND: Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) can cause ventricular arrhythmic events with syncope and sudden death resulting from malignant torsades de pointes (TdP) followed by ventricular fibrillations (VFs). However, the syndrome is often overlooked prior to the development of arrhythmic events in patients with congenital heart diseases demonstrating right bundle branch block on electrocardiogram (ECG). We present a case of an adult patient with congenital heart disease who developed VFs postoperatively, potentially due to his mutation in a LQTS related gene, which was not identified on preoperative assessment due to incomplete evaluation of his family history...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251555/reconstruction-of-the-thoracic-wall-with-biologic-mesh-after-resection-for-chest-wall-tumors-a-presentation-of-a-case-series-and-original-technique
#20
Giuseppe D'Amico, Roberto Manfredi, Gabriela Nita, Paola Poletti, Laura Milesi, Luca Livraghi, Eugenio Poletti, Maurizio Verga, Enrico Robotti, Luca Ansaloni
INTRODUCTION: Synthetic materials have traditionally been used for tissue reconstruction in thoracic surgery. New biomaterials have been tested in other areas of surgery with good results. Non-cross-linked swine dermal collagen prosthesis has been used to reconstruct musculofascial defects in the trunk with low infection and herniation rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospectively, we analyze our initial experience of chest wall reconstruction on large defects using a non-cross-linked swine dermal collagen matrix mesh with a thickness of 1...
December 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
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