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Postoperative atrial fibrilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087113/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-diaphragm-plication-using-a-running-suture-technique-is-durable-and-effective
#1
David S Demos, Mark F Berry, Leah M Backhus, Joseph B Shrager
OBJECTIVE: Surgeons have hesitated to adopt minimally invasive diaphragm plication techniques because of technical limitations rendering the procedure cumbersome or leading to early failure or reduced efficacy. We sought to demonstrate efficacy and durability of our thoracoscopic plication technique using a single running suture. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent our technique for diaphragm plication since 2008. We used a single, buttressed, double-layered, to-and-fro running suture with additional plicating horizontal mattress sutures as needed...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087110/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-assessing-safety-and-efficacy-of-posterior-pericardial-drainage-in-patients-undergoing-heart-surgery
#2
Mirosław Gozdek, Wojciech Pawliszak, Wojciech Hagner, Paweł Zalewski, Janusz Kowalewski, Domenico Paparella, Thierry Carrel, Lech Anisimowicz, Mariusz Kowalewski
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential beneficial effects of posterior pericardial drainage in patients undergoing heart surgery. METHODS: Multiple online databases and relevant congress proceedings were screened for randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy and safety of posterior pericardial drainage, defined as posterior pericardiotomy incision, chest tube to posterior pericardium, or both. Primary endpoint was in-hospital/30 days' cardiac tamponade...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076963/long-term-consequences-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-aortic-valve-replacement
#3
Hiroki Kohno, Hideki Ueda, Kaoru Matsuura, Yusaku Tamura, Michiko Watanabe, Goro Matsumiya
Background Atrial fibrillation is a common complication after cardiac surgery, but the risk factors and long-term outcome after primary isolated aortic valve replacement remains to be clarified. Methods A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 157 patients who underwent first-time isolated aortic valve replacement between April 1999 and February 2015. Fifty-eight patients developed new-onset atrial fibrillation within 6 months postoperatively, and they were compared with patients who remained in sinus rhythm...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076594/predictive-factors-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#4
Cynthia de Oliveira Folla, Cinthia Cristina de Santana Melo, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva
Objective: To analyze predictive demographic and perioperative variables of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients who underwent exclusively coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort. We randomly selected 105 medical records of patients who underwent exclusively coronary artery bypass grafting in 2014. Demographic, clinical (preoperative and immediate postoperative) data and related with surgical procedure were collected from medical records...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073987/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-thoracic-surgery
#5
Kevin J Walsh, Kay See Tan, Hao Zhang, David Amar
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs frequently in patients after noncardiac thoracic surgery and has been associated with increased morbidity and risk of stroke. Recent studies have shown conflicting results on the role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and its association with the development of POAF after cardiac surgery. Our goal was to determine whether an association exists between NLR and the incidence of POAF after non-cardiac thoracic surgery. METHODS: Using a database of 259 consecutive patients age 60 or older who had anatomic lung resection or oesophagectomy for oncologic resection, we compared preoperative, postanaesthesia care unit and postoperative day 1 NLR between patients who did and did not develop POAF during their hospitalization using Fisher's exact test or logistic regression...
January 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073567/the-influence-of-native-aortic-valve-calcium-and-transcatheter-valve-oversize-on-the-need-for-pacemaker-implantation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-insertion
#6
Fu'ad Al-Azzam, Kevin L Greason, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Eric E Williamson, Christopher J McLeod, Katherine S King, Verghese Mathew
OBJECTIVE: Native aortic valve calcium and transcatheter aortic valve oversize have been reported to predict pacemaker implantation after transcatheter aortic valve insertion. We reviewed our experience to better understand the association. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 300 patients with no prior permanent pacemaker implantation who underwent transcatheter aortic valve insertion from November 2008 to February 2015. Valve oversize was calculated using area...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059577/echocardiography-is-useful-to-predict-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-undergoing-isolated-coronary-bypass-surgery-a-prospective-study
#7
Julien Magne, Baptiste Salerno, Dania Mohty, Claire Serena, Florence Rolle, Alessandro Piccardo, Najmeddine Echahidi, Alexandre Le Guyader, Victor Aboyans
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative atrial fibrillation is a major complication following coronary artery bypass graft. We hypothesized that, beyond clinical and electrocardiogram (ECG) data, transthoracic echocardiography could improve the prediction of postoperative atrial fibrillation. METHODS: We prospectively studied 169 patients in sinus rhythm who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass graft in our institution. Clinical, biological, ECG and transthoracic echocardiography data were collected within 24 h before surgery...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052357/perioperative-inotrope-therapy-and-atrial-fibrillation-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-evidence-of-a-racial-disparity
#8
Jimmy T Efird, Andy C Kiser, Patricia B Crane, Hope Landrine, Linda C Kindell, Margaret-Ann Nelson, Charulata Jindal, Daniel F Sarpong, William F Griffin, T Bruce Ferguson, W Randolph Chitwood, Stephen W Davies, Alan P Kypson, Preeti Gudimella, Ethan J Anderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, mortality rates are significantly higher among black patients who experience postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). Perioperative inotropic therapy (PINOT) has been shown to be associated with POAF in previous reports, but the extent to which race influences this association is unknown. In the present study, the relationship between PINOT, race, and POAF was examined in patients undergoing CABG surgery...
January 4, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040764/high-preoperative-monocyte-count-high-density-lipoprotein-ratio-is-associated-with-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-and-mortality-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#9
Hüseyin Saskin, Kazim Serhan Ozcan, Seyhan Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: The monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio has recently emerged as an indicator of inflammation and oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio with postoperative atrial fibrillation and mortality in coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Six hundred and sixty-two patients who were in sinus rhythm preoperatively and who had isolated coronary artery bypass grafting were retrospectively included in the study...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017337/biatrial-or-left-atrial-lesion-set-for-ablation-during-mitral-surgery-risks-and-benefits
#10
Andrei Churyla, Adam Iddriss, Adin-Christian Andrei, Jane Kruse, S Chris Malaisrie, Rod Passman, Zhi Li, Richard Lee, Patrick M McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists when performing surgical atrial fibrillation ablation whether there is an increase in postoperative complications using biatrial (BA) lesions compared with only left atrial (LA) lesions, and some studies indicate similar efficacy. This study compares the clinical outcomes of BA and LA ablation lesions in mitral valve surgery patients. METHODS: From 2004 through 2014, 2,137 patients had mitral valve surgery with or without other surgeries in a single center...
December 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007717/perioperative-supplementation-of-polyunsaturated-omega-3-fatty-acid-for-the-prevention-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiothoracic-surgery
#11
Jacqueline D Joss, Jillian Hernan, Rachelle Collier, Andres Cardenas
PURPOSE: The effect of perioperative supplementation of polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid (PUFA) on the frequency of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients without a history of AF was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 561 patients were randomized to receive either 1 g of PUFA or placebo twice daily. Treatment was started up to five days before surgery or within 24 hours after surgery, depending on when consent was received. Treatment was continued until the patient's follow-up visit with the cardiologist up to four weeks after surgery...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002328/chronic-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-induced-by-left-atrial-thrombus-in-a-patient-with-giant-normal-heart-a-case-report
#12
Qianqian Shao, Ran Tian, Xu Zhang, Xin Gao, Jinzhi Lai, Zhuang Tian, Xiaowei Yan, Shuyang Zhang
INTRODUCTION: We herein describe a patient with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) induced by a giant thrombus in the left atrium.A 63-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of extensive mucocutaneous hemorrhage, especially at the sites of venipuncture, on May 21, 2015. Considering her long history of rheumatic heart disease and atrial fibrillation and her mitral valve replacement performed several years previously, we strongly suspected that the bleeding was closely related to postoperative over-anticoagulation of warfarin...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000150/atrial-fibrillation-following-aortic-valve-replacement-impact-of-perioperative-use-of-intravenous-%C3%AE-blocker
#13
Junki Yokota, Hiroyuki Nishi, Naosumi Sekiya, Mitsutomo Yamada, Toshiki Takahashi
OBJECTIVES: Despite recent advances in perioperative management, postoperative atrial fibrillation/flutter (POAF) remains the most common complication after cardiac surgery. Therefore, it is important to determine related risk factors to establish effective management. However, most studies have focused on patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and little is known about POAF in those who receive aortic valve replacement (AVR). We investigated the relationship of clinical predictors with POAF in patients undergoing AVR...
December 20, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992675/readmissions-after-adult-congenital-heart-surgery-frequency-and-risk-factors
#14
Yuli Y Kim, Wei He, Thomas E MacGillivray, Oscar J Benavidez
OBJECTIVE: Despite their clinical importance, 30-day readmission after adult congenital heart surgery has been understudied. They sought to determine the frequency of unplanned readmissions after adult congenital heart surgery and to identify any potential associated risk factors. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using State Inpatient Databases for Washington, New York, Florida, and California from 2009 to 2011. SETTING: Federal and nonfederal acute care hospitals...
December 19, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989077/favorable-survival-after-aortic-valve-replacement-compared-to-the-general-population
#15
Sindri A Viktorsson, Dadi Helgason, Andri W Orrason, Thor Aspelund, Martin Ingi Sigurdsson, Arnar Geirsson, Tomas Gudbjartsson
BACKGROUND: A comparison was made between the long-term survival of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis and of the general Icelandic population, using centralized registries. METHODS: A total of 366 AVR patients (231 males, 135 females; mean age 70.1 years) operated on for aortic stenosis in Iceland between 2002 and 2011 was included in the study. Concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting was performed in 54% of cases. Short-term complications and 30-day mortality were analyzed...
January 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989059/prevalence-of-late-functional-tricuspid-regurgitation-in-degenerative-mitral-regurgitation-surgery
#16
Mordehay Vaturi, Tali Kotler, Yaron Shapira, Daniel Weisenberg, Daniel Monakier, Alexander Sagie
BACKGROUND: Although significant late tricuspid regurgitation (TR) may develop after surgery for degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR), the use of routine tricuspid annuloplasty is debatable. The study aim was to determine the prevalence and predictors of significant late TR after surgery for degenerative MR. METHODS: A total of 112 patients who had undergone surgery for degenerative MR without concomitant tricuspid valve repair (average follow up 7.7 ± 4.0 years) was studied retrospectively...
March 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989044/treatment-of-mitral-valve-regurgitation-with-an-open-rigid-annuloplasty-ring
#17
Clement Venner, Olivier Huttin, Antonio Fiore, Cristina Sirbu, Jean-Pierre Villemot, Juan-Pablo Maureira
BACKGROUND: Annuloplasty constitutes a major operative step in the surgical treatment of degenerative mitral valve regurgitation (MR). The choice of ring structure to obtain an adequate remodeling of the mitral orifice and to respect the motion of the mitral apparatus remains the subject of debate. The study aim was to determine the clinical and echocardiographic outcome when using an open rigid ring to treat MR. METHODS: A total of 129 patients (94 men, 35 women; mean age 64...
May 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986559/-left-atrial-appendage-in-rheumatic-mitral-valve-disease-the-main-source-of-emboli-in-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Ovidio A García-Villarreal, José A Heredia-Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To show surgical removal of the left atrial appendage in patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease and long standing persistent atrial fibrillation decreases the possibility of stroke. Therefore, long-term oral anticoagulation after surgery can be eliminated. METHOD: A descriptive, prospective, observational study was conducted in 27 adult patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease and long standing persistent atrial fibrillation undergone mitral valve surgery and left atrial appedage surgical removal...
December 13, 2016: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982112/usefulness-of-cha2ds2-vasc-scoring-systems-for-predicting-risk-of-perioperative-embolism-in-patients-of-cardiac-myxomas-underwent-surgical-treatment
#19
Liang Yin, Jing Wang, Wei Li, Xinyu Ling, Qian Xue, Yufeng Zhang, Zhinong Wang
Cardiac myxomas are rare but manifested with risk of embolism and often cause unexpected symptoms or sudden death. We retrospectively collected the medical records of patients diagnosed of cardiac myxomas at the cardiac center of our university. Overall 465 patients were included in this study, patients in the embolism group had significantly higher CHA2DS2-VASc scores (P = 0.005). In embolic group, stroke was recorded in 110 (77.14%) patients, while embolic events in the limbs were observed in 10 (2.15%) and 9(1...
December 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965964/pulmonary-perfusion-and-ventilation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-are-not-associated-with-improved-postoperative-outcomes-after-cardiac-surgery
#20
Yiliam F Rodriguez-Blanco, Angela Gologorsky, Tomas Antonio Salerno, Kaming Lo, Edward Gologorsky
OBJECTIVES: Clinical trials of either pulmonary perfusion or ventilation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP) are equivocal. We hypothesized that to achieve significant improvement in outcomes both interventions had to be concurrent. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTINGS: Major academic tertiary referral medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seventy-four consecutive patients who underwent open heart surgery with CBP 2009-2013...
2016: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
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