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Zafer Gunendi, Dilek Eker, Duygu Tecer, Belgin Karaoglan
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that causes weakening of the bones which increases the risk of fractures. Especially hip fractures lead to substantial physical, psychological, social and economic burden both for the patients and the governments. Excercises and physically active life style are essential preventive and therapeutic approaches for osteoporosis. Kinesiophobia is an irrational fear of movement due to the belief of susceptibility to injury. It is associated with lower levels of physical activity...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Alexander Jurko, Jana Mistinova Polakova, Alexander Jurko, Tomas Jurko, Milan Minarik, Ingrid Tonhajzerova
OBJECTIVES: Prognosis of patients with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from pulmonary artery has dramatically improved as a result of both, early diagnosis and improvements in surgical techniques. Post surgical complications are rare and most patients show quick improvement of the left ventricular performance after repair with complete functional recovery within one year after surgery. Exercise-induced electrocardiographic changes have been found in patients postoperatively and scars and perfusion deficits of the left ventricle may not be detected by standard echocardiographic evaluation...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Fabian Proft, Mathias Grunke, Christiane Reindl, Markus A Schramm, Felix Mueller, Maximilian Kriegmair, Jan Leipe, Peter Weinert, Hendrik Schulze-Koops, Matthias Witt
BACKGROUND: The impact of physical exercise on joints and tendons is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to investigate with ultrasound the acute effects of extreme physical exercise on knee and ankle joints and their surrounding structures in trained athletes. METHODS: Participants of the Munich marathon were examined by arthrosonography before and after long distance running. Ultrasound assessment included grey scale and power Doppler examination of the knee and talocrural joints with surrounding tendons...
July 11, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
L Hellebrandová, J Chlumský, P Vostatek, D Novák, Z Rýznarová, V Bunc
Chronic airflow limitation, caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or by asthma, is believed to change the shape and the position of the diaphragm due to an increase in lung volume. We have made a comparison of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of diaphragm in supine position with pulmonary functions, respiratory muscle function and exercise tolerance. We have studied the differences between patients with COPD, patients with asthma, and healthy subjects. Most interestingly we found the lung hyperinflation leads to the changes in diaphragmatic excursions during the breathing cycle, seen in the differences between the maximal expiratory diaphragm position (DPex) in patients with COPD and control group (p=0...
July 18, 2016: Physiological Research
Esteban Toro-Martínez
There has been a new framework with new laws and a new Code in Argentina in recent years in order to put its legal system in congruence with International Convenants on Human Rights and in particular with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Through this new laws Argentina legal system recognize that persons with disabilities enjoy capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life and the State shall take appropiate measures to provide access by persons with disabilities to the support they may require in excercising their legal capacity with safeguards...
July 2015: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Erika Jókai, Ágnes Hárságyi
Authors describe a joint work of practicing physicians and rehabilitation specialist engineers. In our work we wanted to prove the efficacy of deep-water physiotherapy among the hydrotherapy treatments in patients with degenerative chronic low back pain, by monitoring both objective and subjective parameters. On the other hand, we are also seeking the possibilities of developing a water exercise tool which can spare the shoulders, can be used in deep water and is suitable for helping the three-dimensional movements of the spine without burdening the upper limbs and shoulders...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Esther G Gerrits, Gijs W Landman, Leonie Nijenhuis-Rosien, Henk J Bilo
Limited joint mobility syndrome (LJMS) or diabetic cheiroarthropathy is a long term complication of diabetes mellitus. The diagnosis of LJMS is based on clinical features: progression of painless stiffness of hands and fingers, fixed flexion contractures of the small hand and foot joints, impairment of fine motion and impaired grip strength in the hands. As the syndrome progresses, it can also affect other joints. It is important to properly diagnose such a complication as LJMS. Moreover, it is important to diagnose LJMS because it is known that the presence of LJMS is associated with micro- and macrovascular complications of diabetes...
August 10, 2015: World Journal of Diabetes
Bing Yu, Yanzhi Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Filippo Aucella, Yuri Battaglia, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Davide Bolignano, Alessandro Capitanini, Adamasco Cupisti
In the general population, moderate exercise is associated with several health benefits including a decreased risk of obesity, coronary heart disease, stroke, certain types of cancer and all-cause mortality. In chronic kidney disease (CKD), physical inability is an independent risk of death. Health benefits of regular exercise in CKD patients include improvements in functional and psychological measures such as aerobic and walking capacity and health-related quality of life. Nonetheless, in CKD patients exercise rehabilitation is not routinely prescribed...
April 2015: Journal of Nephrology
Stephanie Stock, Marcus Redaelli, Dusan Simic, Martin Siegel, Frank Henschel
Elderly people are especially prone to suffer adverse drug reactions (ADR). Main reasons for the higher vulnerability of the elderly to ADR are changes in metabolism as i.e. slower renal clearance and polypharmacie which often results from multimorbidity. To prevent ADR careful prescription with special consideration of these aspects is warranted. To help physicians avoid drugs which are especially likely to cause ADR lists have been developed following the consensus method process. For Germany this list is called the PRISCUS list...
October 2014: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Gabriela Virginia Escudero-Lourdes, Luz Viridiana Morales-Romero, Concepción Valverde-Ocaña, José Fernando Velasco-Chávez
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular risk (CVR) is increasing and it is related to life style and dietary habits; one of the age groups at risk of developing this disease are the obese children. The objective of this study was to assess the CVR in the obese pediatric population in a secondary care unit of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in San Luis Potosí, México. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, in which we used Alústiza's scale to measure CVR. We included the total of cases of pediatric obese population in a year...
2014: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Ashok M Shenoy, T Shiva Kumar, V Prashanth, Purushotham Chavan, Rajshekar Halkud, Linu Jacob, K Govind Babu, G Lokesh, Tanveer Pasha, Rekha V Kumar
Treatment options for patients with small upper aerodigestive tracts squamous cell carcinoma (T1, T2) with advanced neck disease (N2, N3) is a topic that generates controversy in terms of thereuptic stratagies. We present the retrospective analysis of 109 patients treated, between 1991 and 2008, by "Neck dissection first approach" for N2, N3 neck node, followed by external beam radiotherapy (RT) with or without chemotherapy for the operated neck and the primary, deemed radiocurable. 94 patients completed the planned treatment and formed the material for this study...
July 2013: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Alap L Christy, Poornima Manjrekar, Ruby P Babu, Rukmini M S, Anupama Hegde
AIM: Studies have shown elevated HbA1C in non-diabetic hypothyroid patients. Hypothyroid patients often show anaemia as an associated feature which is an another condition showing falsely elevated A1C. Hence this study is aimed to investigate whether elevated A1C in hypothyroidism can be attributed to anaemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HbA1C levels of 120 non-diabetic hypothyroid patients (30 microcytic hypochromic anaemia, 30 normocytic normochromic anaemia and 60 non anemic patients) with 120 age, sex, plasma glucose levels and anaemia status matched controls were assessed...
November 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
B B Lee, M Andrade, P L Antignani, F Boccardo, N Bunke, C Campisi, R Damstra, M Flour, I Forner-Cordero, P Gloviczki, J Laredo, H Partsch, N Piller, S Michelini, P Mortimer, E Rabe, S Rockson, A Scuderi, G Szolnoky, J L Villavicencio
Primary lymphedema can be managed effectively as a form of chronic lymphedema by a sequenced and targeted treatment and management program based around a combination of Decongestive Lymphatic Therapy (DLT) with compression therapy, when the latter is desired as an adjunct to DLT. Treatment in the maintenance phase should include compression garments, self-management, including self-massage, meticulous personal hygiene and skin care, in addition to lymphtransport-promoting excercises and activities, and, if desired, pneumatic compression therapy applied in the home...
December 2013: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
H Paul, S Albouni, S Mauger, P Heissler
UNLABELLED: Palmar dislocation of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint of the long finger represents a rare event. The first case was published by Mc Laughlin in 1965, and only nine other cases have been reported. We present one more case and discuss the mechanisms of these dislocations and treatment. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old biker presented with complex injuries of his right hand after a road accident.Examination revealed an extensive palmar wound on the ulnar side of his right hand, with another on the MCP joint of the little finger, and shortening of the little and the ring fingers...
December 1995: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Bruce Biundo
This article discusses the importance of compounding pharmacies offering consultation services to patients, specifically in the areas of exercise, weight management, and nutritional support. With approximately two-thirds of the adult U.S. population falling into the overweight category and almost one-third falling into the obese category, most of which are also underactive, clearly weight management is an area of great concern. Included in this article are some brief literature reviews; important information for those looking for statistics on the benefits of exercise and nutritional support...
January 2010: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Adele D'Amico, Enrico Bertini
Inborn errors of metabolism may impact on muscle and peripheral nerve. Abnormalities involve mitochondria and other subcellular organelles such as peroxisomes and lysosomes related to the turnover and recycling of cellular compartments. Treatable causes are β-oxidation defects producing progressive neuropathy; pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency, porphyria, or vitamin B12 deficiency causing recurrent episodes of neuropathy or acute motor deficit mimicking Guillain-Barré syndrome. On the other hand, lysosomal (mucopolysaccharidosis, Gaucher and Fabry diseases), mitochondriopathic (mitochondrial or nuclear mutations or mDNA depletion), peroxisomal (adrenomyeloneuropathy, Refsum disease, sterol carrier protein-2 deficiency, cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, α-methylacyl racemase deficiency) diseases are multisystemic disorders involving also the heart, liver, brain, retina, and kidney...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
M M P van der Heijden, F Pouwer, V J M Pop
BACKGROUND: Excercise self-efficacy is believed to influence physical activity bahavior. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the psychometric aspects of the Exercise Self-efficacy Scale (ESS) in a type 2 diabetes Dutch Primary care sample. METHOD: Type 2 diabetes patients (n = 322; <80 years old) filled in the ESS and the short questionnaire to assess health enhancing physical activity (SQUASH). The structural validity of the ESS was assessed by means of principal axis factor analyses and confirmatory factor analysis...
April 2014: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Hiroshi Ohshima, Toshio Matsumoto
Bone loss and urolithiasis are inevitable outcome in human space flight and long-duration bet rest. The rate of space flight induced bone loss is 10 times faster than in those with osteoporosis. Significant bone loss at weight bearing bones, elevated urinary calcium excretion, and un-coupling of bone resorption and bone formation are observed during the long-term bed rest study. Improvements of resistive exercise device and vitamin-D supplementation for astronauts in International Space Station can partially maintain bone mass, however, they can not fully supress bone resorption and urinary calcium excretion during space flight...
December 2012: Clinical Calcium
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