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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346851/aquatic-therapy-for-people-with-lymphedema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Wai Yeung, Adam I Semciw
BACKGROUND: Aquatic therapy has several proposed benefits for people with lymphedema. A systematic review of the evidence for aquatic therapy in lymphedema management has not been conducted. METHOD AND RESULTS: Systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Five electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of people with lymphedema, which compared aquatic therapy with other lymphedema interventions. Qualitative analysis was undertaken where quantitative analysis was not possible...
March 27, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346808/patient-reported-outcomes-1-year-after-immediate-breast-reconstruction-results-of-the-mastectomy-reconstruction-outcomes-consortium-study
#2
Andrea L Pusic, Evan Matros, Neil Fine, Edward Buchel, Gayle M Gordillo, Jennifer B Hamill, Hyungjin M Kim, Ji Qi, Claudia Albornoz, Anne F Klassen, Edwin G Wilkins
Purpose The goals of immediate postmastectomy breast reconstruction are to minimize deformity and optimize quality of life as perceived by patients. We prospectively evaluated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in women undergoing immediate implant-based or autologous reconstruction. Methods Women undergoing immediate postmastectomy reconstruction for invasive cancer and/or carcinoma in situ were enrolled at 11 sites. Women underwent implant-based or autologous tissue reconstruction. Patients completed the BREAST-Q, a condition-specific PRO measure for breast surgery patients, and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-29, a generic PRO measure, before and 1 year after surgery...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346770/a-core-outcome-set-for-localised-prostate-cancer-effectiveness-trials
#3
Steven MacLennan, Paula R Williamson, Hanneke Bekema, Marion Campbell, Craig Ramsay, James N'Dow, Sara MacLennan, Luke Vale, Philipp Dahm, Nicolas Mottet, Thomas Lam, Paul Abel, Hashim U Ahmed, Gary Akehurst, Robert Almquist, Karl Beck, David Budd, Steven Canfield, James Catto, Philip Cornford, William Cross, Alexander Ewen, Judith Grant, Rakesh Heer, David Hurst, Rob Jones, Roger Kockelbergh, Andrew Mackie, Graham MacDonald, Alan McNeill, Malcolm Mason, Sam McClinton, Duncan McLaren, Hugh Mostafid, Ian Pearce, Linda Pennet, Justine Royle, Hans Schreuder, Grant D Stewart, Henk van der Poel, Kevin Wardlaw, Thomas Wiegel
OBJECTIVE: To develop a core outcome set (COS) applicable for effectiveness trials of all interventions for localised prostate cancer. BACKGROUND: Many treatments exist for localised prostate cancer, although it is unclear which offers the optimal therapeutic ratio. This is confounded by inconsistencies in the selection, definition, measurement and reporting of outcomes in clinical trials. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A list of 79 outcomes was derived from a systematic review of published localised prostate cancer effectiveness studies and semi-structured interviews with 15 prostate cancer patients...
March 27, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346754/commentary-what-makes-a-life-go-well-moral-functioning-and-quality-of-life-measurement-in-neurodevelopmental-disorders-reflections-on-jonsson-et%C3%A2-al-2017
#4
Ilina Singh
Jonsson et al.'s excellent review of the literature on quality of life (QoL) and childhood mental and behavioural disorders (Jonsson et al., ) highlights the need for studies that utilise child self-reported QoL, in contrast to parent or proxy QoL measures, and further challenges the field to develop QoL measures that 'put the child's own views and priorities first'.
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346652/treatment-success-with-titratable-thermoplastic-mandibular-advancement-devices-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-comparison-of-patient-characteristics
#5
Tang-Chuan Wang, Yung-An Tsou, Yi-Fan Wu, Chia-Chang Huang, Wesley Wen-Yang Lin, Yu-Fen Li, Michael Yuan-Chien Chen, Chih-Jaan Tai, Ming-Hsui Tsai
A titratable thermoplastic mandibular advancement device (MAD) is clearly an effective treatment option in some patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Determining which patients may be more likely to respond to treatment with thermoplastic MADs and to adhere to treatment would be of obvious clinical relevance. This was an experimental descriptive study (N = 60). Patients with OSA were instructed to wear a titratable thermoplastic MAD for 3 months. Treatment success was defined as a ≥50% reduction from baseline in the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) or AHI <10 when wearing MAD...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346563/delivery-of-nutritious-meals-to-elderly-receiving-home-care-feasibility-and-effectiveness
#6
K F M Denissen, L M J Janssen, S J P M Eussen, M C J M van Dongen, N E G Wijckmans, N D M van Deurse, P C Dagnelie
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Elderly with functional disabilities are at increased risk of inadequate dietary intake. Little is known about the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving their dietary intake and nutritional status, nor about the determinants of successful implementation. We performed a feasibility study to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a home delivery service providing nutritious meals. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, with participants allocated to treatment group based on municipality of residence...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346541/quality-of-life-and-objective-outcome-assessment-in-women-with-tape-division-after-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#7
Daniela Ulrich, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic, Anna Höllein, Gerda Trutnovsky, Karl Tamussino, Thomas Aigmüller
BACKGROUND: Midurethral tapes may cause long-term complications such as voiding dysfunction, groin pain, de novo urgency or mesh erosion, which necessitate a reoperation. There is a paucity of data regarding health related quality of life in patients undergoing tape removal. The aim of the study was to evaluate quality of life (QoL) and objective outcome after midurethral tape division or excision. METHODS: All patients who underwent a midurethral tape division for voiding difficulties, pain or therapy resistant de novo overactive bladder between 1999 and 2014 were invited for follow-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346330/differentiation-of-impaired-from-preserved-hemodynamics-in-patients-with-fontan-circulation-using-real-time-phase-velocity-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#8
Hermann Körperich, Katja Müller, Peter Barth, Jürgen Gieseke, Nikolaus Haas, Ingram Schulze-Neick, Wolfgang Burchert, Deniz Kececioglu, Kai T Laser
PURPOSE: Progressive impairment of hemodynamics in patients with Fontan circulation is common, multifactorial, and associated with decreased quality of life and increased morbidity. We sought to assess hemodynamic differences between patients with preserved (preserved Fontans) and those with impaired circulation (impaired Fontans) after pulmonary vasodilation using oxygen and under forced breathing conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time phase-contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance was performed using non-ECG triggered echo-planar imaging (temporal resolution=24 to 28 ms) in the ascending aorta (AAo) and superior vena cava (SVC)/inferior vena cava (IVC) on room air, after 100% oxygen inhalation (4 L/min; 10 min) and on forced breathing in 29 Fontan patients (17...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346315/the-effects-of-10-weeks-integrated-neuromuscular-training-on-fundamental-movement-skills-and-physical-self-efficacy-in-6-7-year-old-children
#9
Michael J Duncan, Emma L J Eyre, Samuel W Oxford
Integrated neuromuscular training (INT) has been suggested as an effective means to enhance athletic potential in children. However, few studies have reported the effects of school based INT programs. This study examined the effect of INT on process and product fundamental movement skill measures and physical self-efficacy in 6-7 year old children. Ninety-four children from 2 primary schools were randomised into either a 10 week INT program or a control group CON (n =41) group. Results indicated significantly greater increases in process FMS scores in INT vs CON (P = 0...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346278/effects-of-myopic-orthokeratology-on-visual-performance-and-optical-quality
#10
Guihua Liu, Zhi Chen, Feng Xue, Jing Li, Mi Tian, Xingtao Zhou, Ruihua Wei
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the changes in visual performance and optical quality after orthokeratology (ortho-k) treatment and its correlation with the magnitude of lens decentration and the diameter of treatment zone (TxZ). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 27 eyes of 27 patients wearing ortho-k contact lens. Area under log contrast sensitivity function (AULCSF), modulation transfer function cutoff values (MTFcutoff), Strehl ratio (SR), and objective scattering index (OSI) were measured and compared before and 1 month after ortho-k lens treatment...
March 24, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346276/comparison-of-noncontact-specular-and-confocal-microscopy-for-evaluation-of-corneal-endothelium
#11
Jianyan Huang, Jyotsna Maram, Tudor C Tepelus, Srinivas R Sadda, Vikas Chopra, Olivia L Lee
PURPOSE: To compare endothelial cell analysis obtained by noncontact specular and confocal microscopy, using the Konan NSP-9900 and Nidek ConfoScan4 systems, respectively. METHODS: Three groups including 70 healthy eyes, 49 eyes with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD), and 78 eyes with glaucoma were examined with both the Konan NSP-9900 specular microscope and the Nidek ConfocScan4 confocal microscope. Certified graders at the Doheny Image Reading Center compared corneal endothelial images from both instruments side by side to assess image quality...
March 24, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346243/modeling-flowsheet-data-to-support-secondary-use
#12
Bonnie L Westra, Beverly Christie, Steven G Johnson, Lisiane Pruinelli, Anne LaFlamme, Suzan G Sherman, Jung In Park, Connie W Delaney, Grace Gao, Stuart Speedie
The purpose of this study was to create information models from flowsheet data using a data-driven consensus-based method. Electronic health records contain a large volume of data about patient assessments and interventions captured in flowsheets that measure the same "thing," but the names of these observations often differ, according to who performs documentation or the location of the service (eg, pulse rate in an intensive care, the emergency department, or a surgical unit documented by a nurse or therapist or captured by automated monitoring)...
March 24, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346215/enhanced-optoelectronic-quality-of-perovskite-films-with-excess-ch3nh3i-for-high-efficient-solar-cells-in-ambient-air
#13
Yunhai Zhang, Huiru Lv, Can Cui, Lingbo Xu, Peng Wang, Hao Wang, Xuegong Yu, Jiangsheng Xie, Jiabin Huang, Zeguo Tang, Deren Yang
The solution-processed polycrystalline perovskite film contributes critically to the high photovoltaic performance of perovskite based solar cells (PSCs). The inevitable electronic trap states at grain boundaries and the intrinsic defects such as metallic lead (Pb0) and halide vacancies in perovskite film cause serious carrier recombination loss. Furthermore, the film can easily decompose into PbI2 in moisture atmosphere. Here, we introduce a simple strategy through a small increase in methylammonium iodide (CH3NH3I, MAI) molar proportion (5%) for perovskite fabrication in ambient air with a ~50% relative humidity...
March 27, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346156/association-of-sleep-characteristics-with-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-risk-factors-in-a-population-sample-the-chicago-area-sleep-study
#14
Samantha E Montag, Kristen L Knutson, Phyllis C Zee, Jeffrey J Goldberger, Jason Ng, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Mercedes R Carnethon
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of sleep characteristics with prevalent hypertension, diabetes, and obesity in a multiethnic cohort. DESIGN: This study used a population-based cross-sectional study design. SETTING: Participants were recruited between 2009 and 2011 from Chicago, Illinois, and the surrounding suburbs. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 492 adults aged 35 to 64years who self-reported as white, black, Hispanic, or Asian and who had a low likelihood of sleep apnea based on the apnea screening questionnaires and 1 night of apnea screening using an in-home device (apnea hypopnea index <15 or oxygen desaturation index <10)...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346155/objectively-measured-sleep-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-alberta-s-caring-for-diabetes-study
#15
Steven T Johnson, Danielle Thiel, Fatima Al Sayah, Clark Mundt, Weiyu Qiu, Matthew P Buman, Jeff K Vallance, Jeffrey A Johnson
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sleep is an important behavior for metabolic control and mental health in type 2 diabetes. The aim was to examine the relationship of objective estimates of sleep quantity and quality with health-related quality of life (HRQL) in adults with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants completed a survey where HRQL was measured using the EQ-5D-5 L index score, and the SF-12 v2, which provides physical and mental composite summary (PCS and MCS) scores...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346153/national-sleep-foundation-s-sleep-quality-recommendations-first-report
#16
Maurice Ohayon, Emerson M Wickwire, Max Hirshkowitz, Steven M Albert, Alon Avidan, Frank J Daly, Yves Dauvilliers, Raffaele Ferri, Constance Fung, David Gozal, Nancy Hazen, Andrew Krystal, Kenneth Lichstein, Monica Mallampalli, Giuseppe Plazzi, Robert Rawding, Frank A Scheer, Virend Somers, Michael V Vitiello
OBJECTIVES: To provide evidence-based recommendations and guidance to the public regarding indicators of good sleep quality across the life-span. METHODS: The National Sleep Foundation assembled a panel of experts from the sleep community and representatives appointed by stakeholder organizations (Sleep Quality Consensus Panel). A systematic literature review identified 277 studies meeting inclusion criteria. Abstracts and full-text articles were provided to the panelists for review and discussion...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346152/associations-between-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-young-adults
#17
Lisa Kakinami, Erin K O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Erika N Dugas, Evelyn Constantin, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: Intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior are individually associated with sleep, but their independent associations are poorly characterized. The objectives of this study were to determine if PA and/or sedentary behavior are/is associated with sleep quality and/or quantity in a young adult sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (n=658) from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens Study...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346149/sleep-health-of-australian-adults-in-2016-results-of-the-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#18
Robert J Adams, Sarah L Appleton, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Carol Lang, R Douglas McEvoy, Nick A Antic
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence and social impacts of sleep problems in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, n=1011. RESULTS: Self-reported inadequate sleep, of either duration or quality, and its daytime consequences affect 33%-45% of adults. Diagnosed sleep apnea is reported by 8%, significant insomnia by 20%, and restless legs by18% of adults...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346146/social-support-social-strain-sleep-quality-and-actigraphic-sleep-characteristics-evidence-from-a-national-survey-of-us-adults
#19
Joon Chung
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between average family and friend social support and strain over 10 years and sleep quality, sleep efficiency, total sleep time, and night-to-night total sleep time variability. PARTICIPANTS: Non-institutionalized English-speaking US adults aged 34-81 who participated in the MacArthur Study on Aging: Midlife in the United States. MEASUREMENTS: Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and by a 7-day daily diary...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345782/red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-novel-predictor-of-postoperative-respiratory-adverse-events-after-adenotonsillectomy
#20
Betul Kozanhan, Mehmet S Iyisoy
BACKGROUND: Respiratory adverse events are commonly observed after adenotonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Preoperative prediction of these events enhances quality of care and resource management in facilities while encouraging precautions against them. Red cell distribution width, a measure of erythrocyte size variability, has recently been linked to adverse outcomes in a variety of disorders. Red cell distribution width has also been found to be associated with severity of obstructive sleep apnea in adults due to hypoxia-mediated inflammation...
March 27, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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