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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309717/bucket-handle-tear-of-the-medial-meniscus-in-a-2-year-old-child
#1
Kyle Fink, Neil Kaushal, Jordan Gross, Himanshu Patel, Damon Delbello
Bucket-handle meniscal tears are extremely rare injuries in the pediatric population. Given the known sequelae of meniscal tears and the development of osteoarthritis, early diagnosis and treatment of pediatric meniscal tears are essential. The communication barrier between physicians and pediatric patients, however, creates difficulties in making the correct diagnosis of meniscal pathology. Providers should have a low threshold for obtaining further confirmatory advanced imaging if patients present with prolonged knee pain and swelling, with associated locking mechanical symptoms...
January 8, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286564/denosumab-treatment-in-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-evaluation-of-nine-cases
#2
Nilgun Kurucu, Canan Akyuz, Fatma Bilge Ergen, Bilgehan Yalcin, Kemal Kosemehmetoglu, Mehmet Ayvaz, Ali Varan, Burca Aydin, Tezer Kutluk
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign bone tumor. Curettage and bone grafting is the common treatment. Here, we retrospectively evaluate nine patients treated with denosumab. PROCEDURE: Nine patients with ABC, mostly pelvic and vertebral, treated with denosumab were analyzed retrospectively. A 70 mg/m2 denosumab dose was used weekly in the first month, and then monthly. Clinical and radiological responses to treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: In all patients, clinical symptoms including pain and limping regressed completely within 3 months...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250496/primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-summit%C3%A2-stems-in-korean-minimum-four-year-follow-up
#3
Jae Sik Yoon, Joon Sun Kang, Kyoung Ho Moon
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the mid-term results of primary cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) using Summit® stems. Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty-eight arthroplasties in 121 patients who were performed THA from December 2004 to March 2013, were reviewed retrospectively a minimum of 4 years follow-up (mean age, 60.3 years; mean postoperative follow up period, 86.3 months). For a clinical evaluation, the Harris hip score (HHS) was used to assess outcome...
December 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226190/limp-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Adam Yan, Melanie Conway, Carolyn E Beck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217446/the-use-of-the-profunda-femoral-artery-as-the-sole-target-vessel-to-bypass-aorto-iliac-disease-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-and-concomitant-unreconstructable-infra-inguinal-disease
#5
Nikolaos Kontopodis, Stella Lioudaki, Christos Chronis, Paris Kalogerakos, George Lazopoulos, Alexandra Papaioannou, Christos V Ioannou
BACKGROUND: Critical limb ischemia (CLI) often results from multilevel occlusive disease. There are occasions where a patent profunda femoral artery (PFA) is the only target artery that can be used as outflow during reconstruction to bypass aorto-iliac disease (AOID), with no further option for infra-inguinal revascularization. We aim to report results of the use of PFA as the sole target vessel for the treatment of these patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective, single-center study including CLI patients treated during 36-months...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204481/corrosion-and-adverse-tissue-reaction-after-modular-unipolar-hip-hemiarthroplasty
#6
Brian F Moore, Paul F Lachiewicz
Modern unipolar hip hemiarthroplasty, commonly used for displaced femoral neck fracture, is now modular, with both a variable length cobalt-chromium adapter-sleeve and large femoral head. Patients with these modular components may develop symptomatic trunnion corrosion, with elevated serum metal levels. We report the case of an 82-year-old woman, 5.5 years after a modular unipolar hip hemiarthroplasty, who presented with a 4-month history of hip pain and limp. Evaluation showed elevated serum cobalt and chromium levels and an acetabular cyst...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201127/another-limping-child-an-interesting-diagnosis-journey
#7
Mehrnoush Hassas Yeganeh, Khosro Rahmani, Shokuh Hashemi, Seyed Hassan Tonekaboni, Reza Sinae, Mohammad Reza Fathi, Reza Shiari
Limp is described as any deviation from a normal gait pattern for the child's age. Limping takes many forms and is one of the most enigmatic complaints in pediatric medicine. It is never normal, and both benign and life-threatening illnesses can present with limp. The provisional diagnosis can be a challenge to establish even after history, physical, and laboratory examinations.
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199275/lysosomal-integral-membrane-protein-2-as-a-phospholipid-receptor-revealed-by-biophysical-and-cellular-studies
#8
Karen S Conrad, Ting-Wen Cheng, Daniel Ysselstein, Saskia Heybrock, Lise R Hoth, Boris A Chrunyk, Christopher W Am Ende, Dimitri Krainc, Michael Schwake, Paul Saftig, Shenping Liu, Xiayang Qiu, Michael D Ehlers
Lysosomal integral membrane protein-2 (LIMP-2/SCARB2) contributes to endosomal and lysosomal function. LIMP-2 deficiency is associated with neurological abnormalities and kidney failure and, as an acid glucocerebrosidase receptor, impacts Gaucher and Parkinson's diseases. Here we report a crystal structure of a LIMP-2 luminal domain dimer with bound cholesterol and phosphatidylcholine. Binding of these lipids alters LIMP-2 from functioning as a glucocerebrosidase-binding monomer toward a dimeric state that preferentially binds anionic phosphatidylserine over neutral phosphatidylcholine...
December 4, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197838/leg-length-discrepancy-the-importance-of-a-complete-history-and-examination
#9
Duncan Coffey, Sarah Patricia Hudson-Phillips, Sarkhell Saadi Radha, Simon Ball
A 26-year-old woman with a 1-year history of right knee pain had failed to respond to analgesia and activity modification in the community. Her general practitioner referred her to the orthopaedic department for specialist review. A thorough history revealed that she had multiple orthopaedic interventions as a child. The patient had significant postoperative infection of the left knee following knee surgery at 7 years of age. Examination demonstrated the presence of a limp, scoliosis and suspected leg length discrepancy...
December 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181625/development-of-a-high-resolution-infrared-thermographic-imaging-method-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-acute-undifferentiated-limp-in-young-children
#10
R Owen, S Ramlakhan, R Saatchi, D Burke
Acute limp is a common presenting condition in the paediatric emergency department. There are a number of causes of acute limp that include traumatic injury, infection and malignancy. These causes in young children are not easily distinguished. In this pilot study, an infrared thermographic imaging technique to diagnose acute undifferentiated limp in young children was developed. Following required ethics approval, 30 children (mean age = 5.2 years, standard deviation = 3.3 years) were recruited. The exposed lower limbs of participants were imaged using a high-resolution thermal camera...
November 28, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181360/tension-band-wiring-is-as-effective-as-a-compression-screw-in-a-neglected-medial-maleolus-non-union-a-case-based-discussion-literature-review
#11
Rakesh John, Mandeep Singh Dhillon, Ankit Khurana, Sameer Aggarwal, Prasoon Kumar
Introduction: Isolated, neglected medial malleolus nonunion cases are a rare entity in orthopedic literature. All studies (except one) have described the use of compression screws (with or without plates) for medial malleolar nonunion management. In acute fractures, tension band wiring (TBW) has shown excellent results both in biomechanical and in clinical studies. On the contrary, it has seldom been used in nonunion or in neglected cases. Case Report: We describe a 6-month-old neglected medial malleolus gap nonunion case who presented with progressive pain and limp...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181347/pelvic-hydatid-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Nishit Bhatnagar, Hari Kishan, Sumit Sura, Purushotham Lingaiah, Kameshwaran Jaikumar
Introduction: Cystic echinococcosis of the bone is rare and difficult to treat due to frequent recurrences, especially in certain locations such as ilium and hip, where radical surgery is difficult to achieve. Case Report: We present a case of a 35-year-old female of the Indian subcontinent who had complaints of pain in left hip and limp since 1 year. The first clinical and radiological diagnosis was tuberculosis of the hip. However, higher imaging modalities revealed the diagnosis of hydatid disease of hip...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181188/intra-articular-osteochondroma-of-the-posteroinferior-femoral-neck-associated-with-hip-joint-osteochondromatosis-a-case-report
#13
Sung Il Wang, Eun Hae Park, Sun Jung Yoon, Jung Ryul Kim
Osteochondromas are usually extra-articular lesions originating from the metaphysis of long bones. Intra-articular osteochondromas may also occur, causing pain and discomfort and restricting the range of motion. Osteochondromas of the femoral neck are intra-articular lesions that are difficult to access for surgical resection, particularly when located posteriorly. We herein present a rare case of an intra-articular osteochondroma involving the posteroinferior aspect of the femoral neck associated with secondary synovial osteochondromatosis (SOC) of the hip joint in a 25-year-old woman...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164082/acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-caused-by-kingella-kingae-in-a-5-year-old-cameroonian-boy
#14
Nawal El Houmami, Dimitri Ceroni, Karine Codjo Seignon, Jean-Christophe Pons, Cédric Lambert, Guillaume André Durand, Philippe Minodier, Léopold Lamah, Philippe Bidet, Jacques Schrenzel, Didier Raoult, Pierre-Edouard Fournier
Kingella kingae is an important cause of invasive infections in young children from Western countries. Although increasing reports indicate that this organism is the leading agent of bone and joint infections in early childhood, data on K. kingae infections from resource-limited settings are scarce, and none has yet been reported in Africa. We herein report the diagnostic and epidemiological investigations of the first case of K. kingae arthritis identified in a child from sub-Saharan Africa. A 5-year-old Cameroonian boy presented with a sudden painful limp which appeared in the course of a mild rhinopharyngitis...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141630/ct-based-analysis-of-muscle-volume-and-degeneration-of-gluteus-medius-in-patients-with-unilateral-hip-osteoarthritis
#15
Takako Momose, Yutaka Inaba, Hyonmin Choe, Naomi Kobayashi, Taro Tezuka, Tomoyuki Saito
BACKGROUND: The gluteus medius (GMED) affects hip function as an abductor. We evaluated muscle volume and degeneration of the GMED by using CT-based analysis and assessed factors that affect hip abductor strength in patients with unilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We examined clinical and imaging findings associated with hip abductor strength in consecutive 50 patients with unilateral hip OA. Hip abductor muscle strength and Harris hip score (HHS) were assessed...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138043/non-traumatic-limping-in-paediatric-emergencies-epidemiology-evaluation-and-results
#16
M I Lázaro Carreño, R Fraile Currius, A García Clemente
INTRODUCTION: Non-traumatic limping is a common reason for consultation in paediatric emergencies. Although transient synovitis of the hip (TS) is the most frequent diagnosis, there are cases of limping secondary to serious pathologies. The aim of this review is to describe the variables related to non-traumatic limp that come to the paediatric emergency department to establish the best management protocol, making the most of resources and speeding up emergency care. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective study was conducted, selecting all children less than 15 years old who consulted aspaediatric emergencies for non-traumatic limping during the 2014...
November 11, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096928/complications-of-trans-arterial-embolization-during-the-resuscitation-of-pelvic-fractures
#17
Boopalan Ramasamy, Dominic Thewlis, Mary J Moss, Francois Fraysse, Mark Rickman, Lucian Bogdan Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Trans arterial embolization (TAE) can stem uncontrolled bleeding associated with pelvic fractures, but is associated with potential complications. This study investigated and compared the early to midterm complications in two patient cohorts: one who did and one who did not undergo TAE. METHODOLOGY: The results of 14 patients who underwent TAE in the resuscitation phase, and then had their pelvic fractures managed non-operatively, the study group (Group 1), were compared with those of a control group (Group 2) of 14 patients matched for age, sex, injury and management, that did not undergo TAE...
October 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985899/treatment-of-extensive-gluteus-muscle-tears-with-transosseous-fixation-and-a-nonresorbable-collagen-patch
#18
Bernd Fink, Lukas Braun
BACKGROUND: Extensive tearing of the gluteus muscles (spontaneous or subsequent to hip arthroplasty) is difficult to treat. We are carrying out osseous fixation with securement of the suture anchor by a nonresorbable collagen patch. The objective of this study is to examine the follow-up data of 30 patients and to assess whether the clinical outcomes depended on the extent of the fatty degeneration of the gluteus medius. METHODS: Thirty patients (28 female and 2 male) with a mean age of 76...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979646/bellini-duct-carcinoma-of-the-kidney-masquerading-as-an-iliac-bone-tumour-in-an-adult-nigerian
#19
Abdulkadir Ayo Salako, Tajudeen Adeniran Badmus, Innocent Ikem, Kayode Adelusola, Ayodele Elkanah Orimolade, Martin Chukwudum Igbokwe, Kelechi Mc'Clement Onuoha, Foluke Olanike Irabor
Bellini Duct Carcinoma (BDC) of the Kidney is a rare type of Renal Cell Carcinoma. It usually presents with features of local advancement or metastasis and rarely diagnosed incidentally. We present a case report of a young man who was found to have BDC of the Right Kidney following presentation with an iliac bone tumour. A 40 year old man presented to the Orthopaedic outpatient clinic on account of right sided pelvic pain and limping following a trivial fall at home. There was no antecedent history of loin pain, loin mass or haematuria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970004/intercalary-diaphyseal-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-tibial-septic-non-union-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#20
Y Herry, O Reynaud, T Ferry, E Servien, P Neyret, S Lustig
The surgical treatment of septic non-union is challenging and carries a high failure rate. Bone defect management and fracture site stabilisation are key treatment objectives. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman who underwent intercalary endoprosthetic reconstruction of a large tibial defect due to septic non-union after two previous treatment failures. The two-stage procedure involved extensive excision of infected tissues and implantation of an antibiotic-loaded cement spacer followed by insertion of an intercalary endoprosthesis...
September 29, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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