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Ashwagandha

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868305/adaptive-physiological-response-carbon-partitioning-and-biomass-production-of-withania-somnifera-l-dunal-grown-under-elevated-co-2-regimes
#1
Rupali Sharma, Hukum Singh, Monica Kaushik, Raman Nautiyal, Ombir Singh
Winter cherry or Ashwagandha ( Withania somnifera ) is an important medicinal plant used in traditional and herbal medicine system. Yet, there is no information available on response of this plant to changing climatic conditions particularly elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Therefore, we conducted an experiment to examine the effect of elevated CO2 concentrations (ECs) on Withania somnifera . The variations in traits of physiological adaptation, net primary productivity, carbon partitioning, morphology, and biomass in response to elevated CO2 concentrations (ambient, 600 and 800 µmol mol-1 ) during one growth cycle were investigated within the open top chamber (OTC) facility in the foothill of the Himalayas, Dehardun, India...
June 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861767/ayurvedic-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-dementia-mechanistic-aspects
#2
REVIEW
Akhlaq A Farooqui, Tahira Farooqui, Anil Madan, Jolin Hwee-Jing Ong, Wei-Yi Ong
Ayurvedic medicine is a personalized system of traditional medicine native to India and the Indian subcontinent. It is based on a holistic view of treatment which promotes and supports equilibrium in different aspects of human life: the body, mind, and soul. Popular Ayurvedic medicinal plants and formulations that are used to slow down brain aging and enhance memory include Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) , Turmeric (Curcuma longa) , Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) , Shankhpushpi ( Convolvulus pluricaulis, Evolvulus alsinoides , and other species), gotu kola (Centella asiatica) , and guggulu ( Commiphora mukul and related species) and a formulation known as Brāhmī Gh ṛ ita, containing Brahmi, Vacā (Acorus calamus) , Ku ṣṭ ha (Saussurea lappa) , Shankhpushpi, and Purāṇa Gh ṛ ita (old clarified butter/old ghee)...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846872/withania-somnifera-as-a-potential-anxiolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-candidate-against-systemic-lipopolysaccharide-induced-neuroinflammation
#3
Muskan Gupta, Gurcharan Kaur
Reactive gliosis, microgliosis, and subsequent secretion of various inflammatory mediators like cytokines, proteases, reactive oxygen, and nitrogen species are the suggested key players associated with systemic inflammation-driven neuroinflammation and cognitive impairments in various neurological disorders. Conventionally, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to suppress inflammation but due to their adverse effects, their usage is not well accepted. Natural products are emerging better therapeutic agents due to their affordability and inherent pleiotropic biological activities...
May 30, 2018: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719462/genetic-variability-associations-and-path-analysis-of-chemical-and-morphological-traits-in-indian-ginseng-withania-somnifera-l-dunal-for-selection-of-higher-yielding-genotypes
#4
Abhilasha Srivastava, Anil K Gupta, Karuna Shanker, Madan M Gupta, Ritu Mishra, Raj K Lal
Background: The study was carried out to assess the genetic variability present in ashwagandha and to examine the nature of associations of various traits to the root yield of the plant. Methods: Fifty-three diverse genetic stocks of ashwagandha ( Withania somnifera ) were evaluated for 14 quantitative characteristics. Analysis of variance, correlation, and path coefficient analysis were performed using the mean data of 2 years. Results: Analysis of variance revealed that the genotypes differed significantly for all characteristics studied...
April 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670898/effects-of-withania-somnifera-on-reproductive-system-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Ramin Nasimi Doost Azgomi, Afshar Zomorrodi, Hossein Nazemyieh, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou, Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh, Arezoo Moini Jazani, Yadollah Ahmadi AsrBadr
Introduction: Withania somnifera (WS) also known as ashwagandha is a well-known medicinal plant used in traditional medicine in many countries for infertility treatment. The present study was aimed at systemically reviewing therapeutic effects of WS on the reproductive system. Methods: This systematic review study was designed in 2016. Required data were obtained from PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, and manual search of articles, grey literature, reference checking, and expert contact...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659590/organic-cultivation-of-ashwagandha-with-improved-biomass-and-high-content-of-active-withanolides-use-of-vermicompost
#6
Amandeep Kaur, Baldev Singh, Puja Ohri, Jia Wang, Renu Wadhwa, Sunil C Kaul, Pratap Kumar Pati, Arvinder Kaur
Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) has recently been studied extensively for its health-supplementing and therapeutic activities against a variety of ailments. Several independent studies have experimentally demonstrated pharmaceutical potential of its active Withanolides, Withaferin A (Wi-A), Withanone (Wi-N) and Withanolide A (Wil-A). However, to promote its use in herbal industry, an environmentally sustainable cultivation and high yield are warranted. In modern agriculture strategies, there has been indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers to boost the crop-yield, however the practice largely ignored its adverse effect on the quality of soil and the environment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620265/ashwagandha-root-extract-exerts-anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effects-in-hacat-cells-by-inhibiting-the-mapk-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-and-by-regulating-cytokines
#7
Abudubari Sikandan, Takahisa Shinomiya, Yukitoshi Nagahara
A paste composed of the boiled leaves and roots of the Ashwagandha plant is used to cure ulcer and swelling in Ayurvedic medicine. However, the effects of the hot water extract of Ashwagandha roots (ASH‑WEX), which is also used in Ayurveda, on skin have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, the present study investigated the anti‑inflammatory activity of ASH‑WEX on skin, by using the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. The results indicated that ASH‑WEX significantly inhibited mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)‑8, IL‑6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF‑α), IL‑1β and IL‑12, and promoted the mRNA expression of the anti‑inflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1 in HaCaT cells...
July 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575228/herbal-medicines-in-the-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders-10-year-updated-review
#8
REVIEW
Jerome Sarris
This paper provides a 10-year update of the 2007 systematic review of herbal medicines studied in a broad range of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, seasonal affective, bipolar, psychotic, phobic, somatoform, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders. Ovid Medline, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library were searched for herbal medicines with both pharmacological and clinical evidence of psychotropic activity. This updated review now covers clinical trial evidence for 24 herbal medicines in 11 psychiatric disorders...
March 25, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392963/antioxidant-activity-and-apoptotic-induction-as-mechanisms-of-action-of-withania-somnifera-ashwagandha-against-a-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-line
#9
Wafaa Ahmed, Dina Mofed, Abdel-Rahman Zekri, Nasr El-Sayed, Mohamed Rahouma, Salwa Sabet
Objective To evaluate the antioxidant and apoptotic inductive effects of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) leaf extract against a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line. Methods After treating HepG2cells with Ashwagandha water extract (ASH-WX; 6.25 mg/ml-100 mg/ml), cell proliferation was assessed using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Antioxidant activities (total antioxidant, glutathione S-transferase and glutathione reductase), Fas-ligand level, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) level and caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities were measured...
April 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391697/insights-into-bovine-endometritis-with-special-reference-to-phytotherapy
#10
REVIEW
Ritika Mandhwani, Anavil Bhardwaz, Sudarshan Kumar, Madhu Shivhare, Ranjit Aich
Postpartum reproductive disorders cause heavy economic losses in dairy sector. Uterine infections include endometritis, metritis, mucometra, and pyometra. Postpartum endometritis in dairy cows has been defined as inflammation of endometrium occurring 21 days or more after parturition without systemic signs of illness. The treatment of endometritis with antimicrobials has met with varying degrees of success, inconsistent recovery rate, high cost of treatment, milk disposal, emergence of microbial resistance, and reduced phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes In our country, around 20,000 medicinal plant species have been recorded, but more than 500 traditional communities use about 800 plant species for curing different diseases...
December 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277366/role-of-withania-somnifera-ashwagandha-in-the-management-of-male-infertility
#11
REVIEW
Pallav Sengupta, Ashok Agarwal, Maria Pogrebetskaya, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Damayanthi Durairajanayagam, Ralf Henkel
To manage male infertility caused by hormonal imbalance, infections and other predicaments, multifarious treatment strategies are emerging worldwide. Contemporary treatments, such as assisted reproductive techniques, are costly with low success rates of only 10-30%; however, herbal remedies are gaining more attention as an alternative or supplementary therapeutic modality for male infertility. The beneficial effects induced by oral intake of the roots of a small evergreen shrub, Withania sominifera (Ashwagandha) on semen quality of infertile men have previously been studied...
March 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207843/biosynthesis-characterization-and-antibacterial-efficacy-of-silver-nanoparticles-derived-from-endophytic-fungi-against-p-gingivalis
#12
Kiran Rahul Halkai, Jayashree A Mudda, Vasundhara Shivanna, Vandana Rathod, Rahul S Halkai
Introduction: Microbial resistance to existing antimicrobial agents in periodontal therapy is a growing problem. Therefore, there is a need for development of new antimicrobial agents. Aim: To biosynthesize and characterize Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs) using endophytic fungi and to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy against P. gingivalis . Materials and Methods: Cut leaf segments of Withania Somnifera (Ashwagandha) were used to isolate the fungi ...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192149/transcription-factor-repertoire-in-ashwagandha-withania-somnifera-through-analytics-of-transcriptomic-resources-insights-into-regulation-of-development-and-withanolide-metabolism
#13
Sandhya Tripathi, Rajender Singh Sangwan, Lokesh Kumar Narnoliya, Yashdeep Srivastava, Bhawana Mishra, Neelam Singh Sangwan
Transcription factors (TFs) are important regulators of cellular and metabolic functions including secondary metabolism. Deep and intensive RNA-seq analysis of Withania somnifera using transcriptomic databases provided 3532 annotated transcripts of transcription factors in leaf and root tissues, belonging to 90 different families with major abundance for WD-repeat (174 and 165 transcripts) and WRKY (93 and 80 transcripts) in root and leaf tissues respectively, followed by that of MYB, BHLH and AP2-ERF. Their detailed comparative analysis with Arabidopsis thaliana, Capsicum annum, Nicotiana tabacum and Solanum lycopersicum counterparts together gave interesting patterns...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168225/gaba-modulating-phytomedicines-for-anxiety-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-and-clinical-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Karen Savage, Joseph Firth, Con Stough, Jerome Sarris
Anxiety disorders are chronic and functionally disabling conditions with high psychological stress, characterised by cognitive symptoms of excessive worry and focus difficulties and physiological symptoms such as muscle tension and insomnia. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter within the central nervous system and is a key target of pharmacotherapies in the treatment of anxiety. Although current pharmaceutical treatments are often efficacious, they may cause undesirable side effects including cognitive decrements and withdrawal symptoms...
January 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152258/-in-vitro-screening-of-neuroprotective-activity-of-indian-medicinal-plant-withania-somnifera
#15
Manjeet Singh, Charles Ramassamy
Canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD) is an age-dependent neurodegenerative condition characterised by changes in decline in learning and memory patterns. The neurodegenerative features of CCD in ageing dogs and cats are similar to human ageing and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Discovering neuroprotective disease-modifying therapies against CCD and AD is a major challenge. Strong evidence supports the role of amyloid β peptide deposition and oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of CCD and AD. In both the human and canine brain, oxidative damage progressively increases with age...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133027/nutrient-analysis-of-kunapa-jala-and-pancha-gavya-and-their-evaluation-on-germination-of-ashwagandha-and-kalamegha-seeds-a-comparative-study
#16
Gireesh M Ankad, Jagadishchandra Hiremath, R T Patil, H J Pramod, Harsha V Hegde
BACKGROUND: Vrikshayurveda, an ancient science of plant life described by Surapala, deals with healthy growth and productivity of plants, which has clearly outlined a systematized agricultural practice that insisted the use of Kunapa jala (KJ) and Pancha gavya (PG). OBJECTIVE: An experiment was conducted to validate KJ and PG by nutrient analysis and their effect on the germination parameters of Ashwagandha and Kalamegha seeds in comparison with other treatment groups...
January 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829155/efficacy-and-safety-of-ashwagandha-root-extract-in-subclinical-hypothyroid-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ashok Kumar Sharma, Indraneel Basu, Siddarth Singh
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism, a thyroid disorder without obvious symptoms of thyroid deficiency, occurs in 3%-8% of the global population. Ashwagandha [Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal], a traditional medicine in Ayurveda, is often prescribed for thyroid dysfunctions. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ashwagandha root extract in subclinical hypothyroid patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, single-center placebo-controlled study was performed at Sudbhawana Hospital, Varanasi, India between May 2016 and September 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713602/treatment-of-nonclassic-11-hydroxylase-deficiency-with-ashwagandha-root
#18
Daniel Powell, Taiga Inoue, Gül Bahtiyar, Gabriel Fenteany, Alan Sacerdote
An elderly woman presented with acne and male pattern alopecia, which upon diagnostic evaluation was found to be due to nonclassic 11-hydroxylase deficiency. We previously reported that Ashwagandha root ameliorates nonclassic 3- β -ol dehydrogenase and aldosterone synthase deficiencies. This is the first report of its use being associated with amelioration of nonclassic 11-hydroxylase deficiency, where its apparent effects appear to be dose-related.
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706332/role-of-elsholtzia-communis-in-counteracting-stress-by-modulating-expression-of-hspa14-c-ebp-homologous-protein-nuclear-factor-erythroid-derived-2-like-2-factor-caspase-3-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-rat-hippocampus
#19
Chandana Choudhury Barua, Pompy Patowary, Arundhati Purkayastha, Prakash Haloi, Manab Jyoti Bordoloi
OBJECTIVE: Elsholtzia communis (Collett and Hemsl.) Diels has been widely distributed and is reported for many therapeutic effects. The present study aims to investigate the antistress activity of the leaf extract and its possible molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hydroethanolic extract of leaves of E. communis (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) were administered for 7 days to stress-induced male Wistar rats. The experimental animals were divided into five groups ( n = 6)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553006/determination-of-mycotoxins-alkaloids-phytochemicals-antioxidants-and-cytotoxicity-in-asiatic-ginseng-ashwagandha-dong-quai-panax-ginseng
#20
Anna Filipiak-Szok, M Kurzawa, E Szłyk, M Twarużek, A Błajet-Kosicka, J Grajewski
Mycotoxins and selected hazardous alkaloids in the medicinal plants (Panax ginseng , Angelica sinensis , and Withania somnifera ) and dietary supplements were determined. Purine alkaloids were found in majority of samples; however, isoquinoline alkaloids were less abundant than indole. The predominant alkaloids appear to be caffeine (purine group), harman (indole group) and berberine (isoquinoline). Examined medicinal plants and dietary supplements were contaminated by mycotoxins (especially ochratoxin A 1...
2017: Chemické Zvesti
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