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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149634/patient-participation-in-nursing-bedside-handover-a-systematic-mixed-methods-review
#1
REVIEW
Georgia Tobiano, Tracey Bucknall, Ishtar Sladdin, Jennifer A Whitty, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Numerous reviews of nursing handover have been undertaken, but none have focused on the patients' role. OBJECTIVES: To explore how patient participation in nursing shift-to-shift bedside handover can be enacted. DESIGN: Systematic mixed- methods review. DATA SOURCES: Three search strategies were undertaken in July-August 2016: database searching, backwards citation searching and forward citation searching...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149473/exploring-communication-during-the-journey-from-noticing-bodily-changes-to-a-diagnosis-of-endometrial-cancer
#2
Catherine Cook, Margaret Brunton, Tepora Pukepuke, Ai Ling Tan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand women's perspectives about the trajectory from first bodily changes to diagnosis. BACKGROUND: With endometrial cancer, as with all gynaecological cancers, early diagnosis is key to successful outcomes. However, women do not always seek clinical advice early. Previously, this gap has been referred to as a 'delay', blamed on fear or refusal to acknowledge symptoms. METHODS: A qualitative research project which involved face-to-face interviews with 16 women who had presented with symptoms of endometrial cancer...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148277/care-ful-definition-of-consent
#3
Emese Ilyes
This proposal is an attempt to intervene in psychology's violent past and troubling present by calling for notions of "care-ful" practice, compelling us to recognize and celebrate the permeable, porous, and flexible boundaries between bodies and selves. With this heuristic of care, this article hopes to trouble the separation between rigor and relational responsibility, to trouble objectivism, to oust the illusion of cool rationality, and to offer an affective understanding of consent that refuses to deny sexuality in bodies oppressed with the label of intellectually disabled...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148131/temporal-and-spatial-variability-of-surface-motor-activation-zones-in-hemiplegic-patients-during-functional-electrical-stimulation-therapy-sessions
#4
Jovana Malešević, Matija Štrbac, Milica Isaković, Vladimir Kojić, Ljubica Konstantinović, Aleksandra Vidaković, Suzana Dedijer Dujović, Miloš Kostić, Thierry Keller
The goal of this study was to investigate surface motor activation zones and their temporal variability using an advanced multi-pad functional electrical stimulation system. With this system motor responses are elicited through concurrent activation of electrode matrix pads collectively termed "virtual electrodes" (VEs) with appropriate stimulation parameters. We observed VEs used to produce selective wrist, finger, and thumb extension movements in 20 therapy sessions of 12 hemiplegic stroke patients. The VEs which produce these three selective movements were created manually on the ergonomic multi-pad electrode by experienced clinicians based on visual inspection of the muscle responses...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146562/multi-method-laboratory-user-evaluation-of-an-actionable-clinical-performance-information-system-implications-for-usability-and-patient-safety
#5
Benjamin Brown, Panos Balatsoukas, Richard Williams, Matthew Sperrin, Iain Buchan
INTRODUCTION: Electronic audit and feedback (e-A&F) systems are used worldwide for care quality improvement. They measure health professionals' performance against clinical guidelines, and some systems suggest improvement actions. However, little is known about optimal interface designs for e-A&F, in particular how to present suggested actions for improvement. We developed a novel theory-informed system for primary care (the Performance Improvement plaN GeneratoR; PINGR) that covers the four principal interface components: clinical performance summaries; patient lists; detailed patient-level information; and suggested actions...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143393/an-algorithm-to-detect-unexpected-increases-in-frequency-of-reports-of-adverse-events-in-eudravigilance
#6
Luis C Pinheiro, Gianmario Candore, Cosimo Zaccaria, Jim Slattery, Peter Arlett
PURPOSE: The European Medicines Agency developed an algorithm to detect unexpected increases in frequency of reports, to enhance the ability to detect adverse events that manifest as increases in frequency, in particular quality defects, medication errors, and cases of abuse or misuse. METHODS: An algorithm based on a negative binomial time-series regression model run on 6 sequential observations prior to the monitored period was developed to forecast monthly counts of reports...
November 16, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133237/dermatology-and-its-unique-diagnostic-heuristics
#7
EDITORIAL
Eve J Lowenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129128/convergent-time-varying-regression-models-for-data-streams-tracking-concept-drift-by-the-recursive-parzen-based-generalized-regression-neural-networks
#8
Piotr Duda, Maciej Jaworski, Leszek Rutkowski
One of the greatest challenges in data mining is related to processing and analysis of massive data streams. Contrary to traditional static data mining problems, data streams require that each element is processed only once, the amount of allocated memory is constant and the models incorporate changes of investigated streams. A vast majority of available methods have been developed for data stream classification and only a few of them attempted to solve regression problems, using various heuristic approaches...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128659/on-line-confidence-monitoring-during-decision-making
#9
Dror Dotan, Florent Meyniel, Stanislas Dehaene
Humans can readily assess their degree of confidence in their decisions. Two models of confidence computation have been proposed: post hoc computation using post-decision variables and heuristics, versus online computation using continuous assessment of evidence throughout the decision-making process. Here, we arbitrate between these theories by continuously monitoring finger movements during a manual sequential decision-making task. Analysis of finger kinematics indicated that subjects kept separate online records of evidence and confidence: finger deviation continuously reflected the ongoing accumulation of evidence, whereas finger speed continuously reflected the momentary degree of confidence...
November 9, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126053/a-new-method-and-a-new-index-for-identifying-socioeconomic-drought-events-under-climate-change-a-case-study-of-the-east-river-basin-in-china
#10
Haiyun Shi, Ji Chen, Keyi Wang, Jun Niu
Drought is a complex natural hazard that may have destructive damages on societal properties and even lives. Generally, socioeconomic drought occurs when water resources systems cannot meet water demand, mainly due to a weather-related shortfall in water supply. This study aims to propose a new method, a heuristic method, and a new index, the socioeconomic drought index (SEDI), for identifying and evaluating socioeconomic drought events on different severity levels (i.e., slight, moderate, severe, and extreme) in the context of climate change...
November 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125787/being-there-in-the-midst-of-the-story-how-immersive-journalism-affects-our-perceptions-and-cognitions
#11
S Shyam Sundar, Jin Kang, Danielle Oprean
Immersive journalism in the form of virtual reality (VR) headsets and 360°-video is becoming more mainstream and is much touted for inducing greater "presence" than traditional text. But, does this presence influence psychological outcomes of reading news, such as memory for story content, perceptions of credibility, and empathy felt toward story characters? We propose that two key technological affordances of VR (modality and interactivity) are responsible for triggering three presence-related cognitive heuristics (being-there, interaction, and realism), which influence news readers' memory and their perceptions of credibility, empathy, and story-sharing intentions...
November 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121224/hill-s-heuristics-and-explanatory-coherentism-in-epidemiology
#12
Olaf Dammann
In this essay, I argue that Ted Poston's theory of explanatory coherentism is well-suited as a tool for causal explanation in the health sciences, particularly in epidemiology. Coherence has not only played a role in epidemiology for more than half a century as one of Hill's viewpoints, it can also provide background theory for the development of explanatory systems by integrating epidemiologic evidence with a diversity of other error-independent data. I propose that computational formalization of Hill's viewpoints in an explanatory coherentist framework would provide an excellent starting point for a formal epistemological (knowledge-theoretical) project designed to improve causal explanation in the health sciences...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119404/predicting-similarity-judgments-in-intertemporal-choice-with-machine-learning
#13
Jeffrey R Stevens, Leen-Kiat Soh
Similarity models of intertemporal choice are heuristics that choose based on similarity judgments of the reward amounts and time delays. Yet, we do not know how these judgments are made. Here, we use machine-learning algorithms to assess what factors predict similarity judgments and whether decision trees capture the judgment outcomes and process. We find that combining small and large values into numerical differences and ratios and arranging them in tree-like structures can predict both similarity judgments and response times...
November 8, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118683/the-e-health-literacy-demands-of-australia-s-my-health-record-a-heuristic-evaluation-of-usability
#14
Louisa Walsh, Bronwyn Hemsley, Meredith Allan, Natalie Adams, Susan Balandin, Andrew Georgiou, Isabel Higgins, Shaun McCarthy, Sophie Hill
Background: My Health Record is Australia's electronic personal health record system, which was introduced in July 2012. As of August 2017, approximately 21 percent of Australia's total population was registered to use My Health Record. Internationally, usability issues have been shown to negatively influence the uptake and use of electronic health record systems, and this scenario may particularly affect people who have low e-health literacy. It is likely that usability issues are negatively affecting the uptake and use of My Health Record in Australia...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117245/an-incremental-anomaly-detection-model-for-virtual-machines
#15
Hancui Zhang, Shuyu Chen, Jun Liu, Zhen Zhou, Tianshu Wu
Self-Organizing Map (SOM) algorithm as an unsupervised learning method has been applied in anomaly detection due to its capabilities of self-organizing and automatic anomaly prediction. However, because of the algorithm is initialized in random, it takes a long time to train a detection model. Besides, the Cloud platforms with large scale virtual machines are prone to performance anomalies due to their high dynamic and resource sharing characters, which makes the algorithm present a low accuracy and a low scalability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116097/microscopy-as-a-statistical-r%C3%A3-nyi-ulam-half-lie-game-a-new-heuristic-search-strategy-to-accelerate-imaging
#16
Daniel W Drumm, Andrew D Greentree
Finding a fluorescent target in a biological environment is a common and pressing microscopy problem. This task is formally analogous to the canonical search problem. In ideal (noise-free, truthful) search problems, the well-known binary search is optimal. The case of half-lies, where one of two responses to a search query may be deceptive, introduces a richer, Rényi-Ulam problem and is particularly relevant to practical microscopy. We analyse microscopy in the contexts of Rényi-Ulam games and half-lies, developing a new family of heuristics...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109242/why-do-irrelevant-alternatives-matter-an-fmri-tms-study-of-context-dependent-preferences
#17
Hui-Kuan Chung, Tomas Sjöström, Hsin-Ju Lee, Yi-Ta Lu, Fu-Yun Tsuo, Tzai-Shuen Chen, Chi-Fu Chang, Chi-Hung Juan, Wen-Jui Kuo, Chen-Ying Huang
Both humans and animals are known to exhibit a violation of rationality known as "decoy effect": introducing an irrelevant option (a decoy) can influence choices among other (relevant) options. Exactly how and why decoys trigger this effect is not known. It may be an example of fast heuristic decision-making which is adaptive in natural environments, but may lead to biased choices in certain markets or experiments. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to investigate the neural underpinning of the decoy effect of both sexes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109034/the-changing-health-of-thalidomide-survivors-as-they-age-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth Newbronner, Karl Atkin
BACKGROUND: In the late 1950s and early 1960s the drug Thalidomide was given to thousands of pregnant women across the world to relieve morning sickness. The drug caused severe birth defects. Much has been written about the drug, its teratogenic effects, and the nature of the damage it caused. There is however, little literature exploring ageing with Thalidomide damage. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the review was to bring together, for the first time, the evidence about the Thalidomide-related health problems Thalidomide survivors are experiencing, as they grow older...
October 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108032/a-heuristic-method-to-identify-runs-of-homozygosity-associated-with-reduced-performance-in-livestock
#19
J T Howard, F Tiezzi, Y Huang, K A Gray, C Maltecca
Although, for the most part, genome-wide metrics are currently used in managing livestock inbreeding, genomic data offer, in principle, the ability to identify functional inbreeding. Here, we present a heuristic method to identify haplotypes contained within a run of homozygosity (ROH) associated with reduced performance. Results are presented for simulated and swine data. The algorithm comprises 3 steps. Step 1 scans the genome based on marker windows of decreasing size and identifies ROH genotypes associated with an unfavorable phenotype...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106378/two-argument-total-scatter-factor-for-small-fields-simultaneously-collimated-by-mlc-and-jaws-application-to-stereotactic-radiosurgery-and-radiotherapy
#20
Zhaohui Han, Scott Friesen, Fred L Hacker, Piotr Zygmanski
Direct use of the total scatter factor (S<sub>tot</sub>) for independent monitor unit (MU) calculations can be a good alternative approach to the traditional separate treatment of head/collimator scatter (S<sub>c</sub>) and phantom scatter (S<sub>p</sub>), especially for stereotactic small fields under the simultaneous collimation of secondary jaws and tertiary multileaf collimators (MLC). We have carried out the measurement of S<sub>tot</sub> in water for field sizes down to 0...
November 6, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
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