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Multiple sclerosis avonex

Nahid Hatam, Peivand Bastani, Rahil Sadat Shahtaheri
OBJECTIVE: There is an increasing recognition among clinicians and researchers that the impact of chronic illnesses and their treatments must be assessed in terms of their quality of life (QoL) in addition to more traditional measures of clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare the QoL in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) using Avonex or CinnoVex. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on one hundred patients with RRMS, fifty and fifty patients were being treated with Avonex (Biogen Idec, USA) and CinnoVex (CinnaGen, Iran), respectively...
July 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Rodica Bălaşa, Smaranda Maier, Septimiu Voidăzan, Adina Huţanu, Zoltán Bajkó, Anca Moţăţăianu, Brindusa Tilea, Cristina Tiu
: Individual response to interferon beta (IFN-β) 1a treatment is heterogeneous in multiple sclerosis (MS). Our objective was to find a connection between serum levels of interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17 and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)1 in MS patients treated with IFN-β in order to identify the nonresponders (NR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included in the study 32 healthy subjects and 32 MS patients: 10 naive, 10 early treated and 12 late treated with INF-β1a...
June 15, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Tomas Uher, Manuela Vaneckova, Lukas Sobisek, Michaela Tyblova, Zdenek Seidl, Jan Krasensky, Deepa Ramasamy, Robert Zivadinov, Eva Havrdova, Tomas Kalincik, Dana Horakova
BACKGROUND: Disease progression and treatment efficacy vary among individuals with multiple sclerosis. Reliable predictors of individual disease outcomes are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy of the early prediction of 12-year disability outcomes using clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters. METHODS: A total of 177 patients from the original Avonex-Steroids-Azathioprine study were included. Participants underwent 3-month clinical follow-ups...
April 6, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Diego Cadavid, Jeffrey A Cohen, Mark S Freedman, Myla D Goldman, Hans-Peter Hartung, Eva Havrdova, Douglas Jeffery, Raj Kapoor, Aaron Miller, Finn Sellebjerg, Deborah Kinch, Sophia Lee, Shulian Shang, Daniel Mikol
BACKGROUND: The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) has wide scientific and regulatory precedent but limited ability to detect clinically relevant disability progression in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) patients, partly due to a lack of meaningful measurement of short-distance ambulatory and upper-extremity function. OBJECTIVE: To present a rationale for a composite endpoint adding the timed 25-foot walk (T25FW) and 9-Hole Peg Test (9HPT) to EDSS for SPMS disability progression assessment...
March 22, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Masoud Mehrpour, Fahimeh H Akhoundi, Maryam Delgosha, Hosein Keyvani, Mohammad R Motamed, Behnam Sheibani, Alipasha Meysamie
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential role of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) used to treat multiple sclerosis on inducing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) production. METHODS: A total of 82 patients entered the study. Sixty (73%) patients were on DMTs (15 on Avonex, 13 on Rebif, 27 on Betaferon, 3 on Mitoxantrone, and 2 on IVIg), whereas 22 received no DMTs. The degree of neurological impairment was recorded using the expanded disability status scale (EDSS)...
October 2015: Neurologist
Zahra Tolou-Ghamari, Fereshteh Ashtari, Vahid Shaygannejad, Abbas-Ali Palizban
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a multifactorial disease that could result from demyelination of the myelin sheath. The aim of this study is to investigate the demographic features and rank the immunomodulating drugs in patients with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in the MS clinic of the Isfahan Kashani Hospital, from 22 May, 2011 to 18 March, 2013. The data analyses (n = 1067) were divided into two periods: (1) 2011/05/22 to 2012/03/18 denoted as P1 and (2) 2012/04/02 to 2013/03/18 denoted as P2...
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
Irene Tramacere, Cinzia Del Giovane, Georgia Salanti, Roberto D'Amico, Graziella Filippini
BACKGROUND: Different therapeutic strategies are available for the treatment of people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), including immunomodulators, immunosuppressants and biologics. Although there is consensus that these therapies reduce the frequency of relapses, their relative benefit in delaying new relapses or disability worsening remains unclear due to the limited number of direct comparison trials. OBJECTIVES: To compare the benefit and acceptability of interferon beta-1b, interferon beta-1a (Avonex, Rebif), glatiramer acetate, natalizumab, mitoxantrone, fingolimod, teriflunomide, dimethyl fumarate, alemtuzumab, pegylated interferon beta-1a, daclizumab, laquinimod, azathioprine and immunoglobulins for the treatment of people with RRMS and to provide a ranking of these treatments according to their benefit and acceptability, defined as the proportion of participants who withdrew due to any adverse event...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Karthik Govindappa, Jean Sathish, Kevin Park, Jamie Kirkham, Munir Pirmohamed
PURPOSE: Interferon beta (IFN-β) is the drug of choice for treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis and is known to reduce the frequency and severity of relapses. This systematic review determines the occurrence of neutralising antibodies (NAbs) against different formulations of IFN-β: IFN-β-1a Avonex™, IFN-β-1a Rebif™ and IFN-β-1b Betaferon/Betaseron™. METHODS: The databases used in the review included MEDLINE Ovid (from 1950 to March 2015), Embase Ovid (from 1980 to March 2015), CENTRAL on The Cochrane Library (2011, Issue 4) and ClinicalTrials...
November 2015: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Kerstin Hansen, Katrin Schüssel, Marita Kieble, Johanna Werning, Martin Schulz, Robert Friis, Dieter Pöhlau, Norbert Schmitz, Joachim Kugler
BACKGROUND: Long-term therapies such as disease modifying therapy for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) demand high levels of medication adherence in order to reach acceptable outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe adherence to four disease modifying drugs (DMDs) among statutorily insured patients within two years following treatment initiation. These drugs were interferon beta-1a i.m. (Avonex), interferon beta-1a s.c. (Rebif), interferon beta-1b s.c. (Betaferon) and glatiramer acetate s...
2015: PloS One
Christoph Kleinschnitz, Gabriele Niemczyk, Karin Rehberg-Weber, Colin Wernsdörfer
The efficacy and safety of first-line disease-modifying therapies (DMT) for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) has been demonstrated in pivotal, randomized trials, but these studies do not reflect the routine care setting where treatment gaps or switches are common. The Avonex as Treatment Option for Untreated MS Patients (AXIOM) trial assessed the efficacy of newly-initiated intramuscular interferon beta-1a (IM IFNb-1a) after a treatment-free interval, with particular consideration of the previous course of disease and therapy...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ali Akbar Saboor-Yaraghi, Mohammad Hossein Harirchian, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Sama Bitarafan, Mina Abdolahi, Feridoun Siassi, Eisa Salehi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Tina Roostaei, Fariba Koohdani
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoinflammatory condition of the central nervous system with impaired T helper (Th)17 and regulatory T cell (Treg) balance that is involved in disease immunopathogenesis. The vitamin A active metabolite, retinoic acid, can re-establish this imbalance through the modulation of gene expression of specific nuclear receptors including Forkhead box P3 (FoxP3). At present, few data exist on the impact of vitamin A supplementation on T cell balance. This study reports the results of a clinical trial, over a 6-month period, of 36 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients that received vitamin A (25,000 IU retinyl palmitate) or placebo (one capsule of placebo per day)...
July 2015: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Naghmeh Mokhber, Amir Azarpazhooh, Elias Orouji, Bita Khorram, Morteza Modares Gharavi, Sorayya Kakhi, Hoda Khallaghi, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of various disease-modifying therapies (DMT) on quality of life in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This was a three-arm parallel study with balanced randomization in which 90 newly diagnosed, definite MS subjects referred to Ghaem Medical Center, Mashhad, Iran were enrolled between 2006 and 2009. Patients were randomly allocated into three DMT groups: Avonex, Rebif and Betaferon. Health-related quality of life was assessed in MS patients at baseline and 12 months after treatment with DMT using the MS Quality of Life-54 questionnaire...
October 2015: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
I Alsharoqi
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that causes severe optic neuritis and myelitis attacks. Humoral immunity seems to have a prominent role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Recently the nature and understanding of NMO have been revolutionized by two factors (1) the identification of both a NMO IgG as a sensitive and specific diagnostic marker and (2) the identification of both specific radiological and pathologic features of the disease...
November 2014: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
R P Kinkel, J H Simon, P O'Connor, R Hyde, A Pace
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether MRI activity 6 months after treatment initiation in the Controlled High-Risk Subjects Avonex® Multiple Sclerosis Prevention Study (CHAMPS) predicted progression to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) over the subsequent 30 months in intramuscular interferon beta-1a (IM IFNβ-1a)-treated patients vs placebo-treated patients. METHODS: CHAMPS patients were randomized to once-weekly IM IFNβ-1a 30 μg or placebo for up to 36 months...
November 2014: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Rodica Balasa, Smaranda Maier, Septimiu Voidazan, Adina Hutanu, Zoltan Bajko, Anca Motataianu
INTRODUCTION: The immunopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is a main field of research, together with the mechanism of action of most immune therapies in this disease, such as interferon beta. Interleukin (IL)-17 is considered to play a central part in the initial immune cascade in MS, though there are numerous interactions between other cytokines that might explain the heterogeneity of disease evolution and treatment response. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We tested the serum levels of IL-17A, IL-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF-β) using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method in three small groups of relapsing-remitting MS patients: 10 being naïve without treatment, 10 patients receiving Avonex treatment early in the MS evolution (≤ one year from the MS onset) and 12 MS patients who received Avonex later in the disease evolution...
2015: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
R Philip Kinkel, Genevieve Laforet, Xiaojun You
BACKGROUND: The main clinical determinants of quality of life (QOL) 5 years after clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) are Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score and conversion to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS). The aim of this study was to determine the demographic, clinical, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) factors associated with QOL 10 years after CIS. METHODS: Controlled High Risk Avonex® Multiple Sclerosis Prevention Study in Ongoing Neurologic Surveillance (CHAMPIONS) 10-year patients were assessed for CDMS, EDSS score, MRI T2 activity, brain parenchymal fraction, and patient-reported QOL...
January 2015: International Journal of MS Care
Daniel Harari, Irit Orr, Ron Rotkopf, Sergio E Baranzini, Gideon Schreiber
We analysed gene expression microarray data from whole blood samples from 228 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients either untreated or treated with one of three alternative commonly used interferon beta (IFNβ) disease modifying drugs: Avonex (×1 weekly), Betaseron (every second day) or Rebif (×3 weekly). Patient injections were not timed to coordinate sample collections, thus providing a global transcriptomic profile for each population of patients studied. Three hundred and fifty one genes were significantly differentially expressed by at least one of the IFNβ drugs...
June 1, 2015: Human Molecular Genetics
Behzad Najafi, Hossein Ghaderi, Mehdi Jafari, Smaeil Najafi, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic and degenerative neurological disease characterized by loss of myelin sheath of some neurons in brain and spinal cord. It is associated with high economic burden due to premature deaths and high occurrence of disabilities. The aim of the current study was to determine cost effectiveness of two major products of interferon 1a in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Altogether, 140 patients who have consumed Avonex and CinnoVex in Relapsing Remitting MS for at least two years were randomly selected (70 patients in each group)...
2015: Global Journal of Health Science
Sreeram Ramagopalan, Radek Wasiak, Andrew P Cox
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common complex disorder, with new treatment options emerging each year. Social media is being increasingly used to investigate opinions about drugs, diseases and procedures. In this descriptive exploratory study, we sought to investigate opinions about currently available MS treatments. METHODS: The Twitter resource Topsy was searched for tweets mentioning the following MS treatments: Aubagio, Avonex, Betaferon or Betaseron, Copaxone, Extavia, Gilenya, Lemtrada, Novantrone, Rebif, Tysabri and Tecfidera between 1 Jan 2006 to 31 Jul 2014...
2014: F1000Research
Hirofumi Ochi
Interferon-β (IFNβ) products are widely used as first-line treatment for multiple sclerosis and have well-established benefit-risk profiles over the short- and long-term. Commercially available agents in Japan include subcutaneous IFNβ-1β (Betaferon) and intramuscular IFNβ-1a(Avonex). Although these IFNβ products differ in dosage, frequency of administration and rout of delivery, both reduce relapse rate by about 30% and new lesion activity by about 65%. In addition, IFNβ products were shown to reduce the disability progression...
November 2014: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
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