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Cezary Żechowski
The article discusses the development of psychoanalytic theory in the direction of broadening the reflection on their own based on data derived from empirical studies other than clinical case study. Particularly noteworthy is the convergence that followed between neuroscience and psychoanalysis and the rise of the so-called neuropsychoanalysis. Consequently, this led to eject empirical hypotheses and begin research on defense mechanisms, self, memory, dreams, empathy, dynamic unconscious and emotional-motivational processes (theory of drives)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
Ariane Bazan, Sandrine Detandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Brian Johnson, Daniela Flores Mosri
Neuroscience was the basic science behind Freud's psychoanalytic theory and technique. He worked as a neurologist for 20 years before being aware that a new approach to understand complex diseases, namely the hysterias, was needed. Solms coined the term neuropsychoanalysis to affirm that neuroscience still belongs in psychoanalysis. The neuropsychoanalytic field has continued Freud's original ideas as stated in 1895. Developments in psychoanalysis that have been created or revised by the neuropsychoanalysis movement include pain/relatedness/opioids, drive, structural model, dreams, cathexis, and dynamic unconscious...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Anatolia Salone, Alessandra Di Giacinto, Carlo Lai, Domenico De Berardis, Felice Iasevoli, Michele Fornaro, Luisa De Risio, Rita Santacroce, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo Di Giannantonio
Over the past 20 years, the advent of advanced techniques has significantly enhanced our knowledge on the brain. Yet, our understanding of the physiological and pathological functioning of the mind is still far from being exhaustive. Both the localizationist and the reductionist neuroscientific approaches to psychiatric disorders have proven to be largely unsatisfactory and are outdated. Accruing evidence suggests that psychoanalysis can engage the neurosciences in a productive and mutually enriching dialogue that may further our understanding of psychiatric disorders...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
S Chebili
The main hypothesis of this paper is the presence of malaise in psychiatry. The malaise has two sides: on one hand, the end of psychiatry hegemony that dominated the theoretical field of psychiatry until the 1990s. The loss of influence of psychoanalysis is due to its inability to be submitted to any kind of assessment. On the other hand, the supremacy of neurosciences. The idea is not to underestimate the importance of neurosciences but rather to affirm that they occupy the whole theoretical field of psychiatry...
April 2016: L'Encéphale
Anton Glasnović, Goran Babić, Vida Demarin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Croatian Medical Journal
Stefano Marini, Laura Di Tizio, Sira Dezi, Silvia Armuzzi, Simona Pelaccia, Alessandro Valchera, Gianna Sepede, Gabriella Girinelli, Domenico De Berardis, Giovanni Martinotti, Francesco Gambi, Massimo Di Giannantonio
In recent years, a connection between psychoanalysis and neuroscience has been sought. The meeting point between these two branches is represented by neuropsychoanalysis. The goal of the relationship between psychoanalysis and neuroscience is to test psychoanalytic hypotheses in the human brain, using a scientific method. A literature search was conducted on May 2015. PubMed and Scopus databases were used to find studies for the inclusion in the systematic review. Common results of the studies investigated are represented by a reduction, a modulation, or a normalization of the activation patterns found after the psychoanalytic therapy...
February 2016: Reviews in the Neurosciences
Yoram Yovell, Mark Solms, Aikaterini Fotopoulou
Recent advances in the cognitive, affective and social neurosciences have enabled these fields to study aspects of the mind that are central to psychoanalysis. These developments raise a number of possibilities for psychoanalysis. Can it engage the neurosciences in a productive and mutually enriching dialogue without compromising its own integrity and unique perspective? While many analysts welcome interdisciplinary exchanges with the neurosciences, termed neuropsychoanalysis, some have voiced concerns about their potentially deleterious effects on psychoanalytic theory and practice...
December 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Mark Solms
A neuropsychoanalytical approach to the hard problem of consciousness revolves around the distinction between the subject of consciousness and objects of consciousness. In contrast to the mainstream of cognitive science, neuropsychoanalysis prioritizes the subject. The subject of consciousness is the indispensable page upon which consciousness of objects is inscribed. This has implications for our conception of the mental. The subjective being of consciousness is not registered in the classical exteroceptive modalities; it is not merely a cognitive representation, not only a memory trace...
June 2014: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Emma P Cusumano, Amir Raz
Psychoanalysis proffers a wealth of phenomenological tools to advance the study of consciousness. Techniques for elucidating the structures of subjective life are sorely lacking in the cognitive sciences; as such, experiential reporting techniques must rise to meet both complex theories of brain function and increasingly sophisticated neuroimaging technologies. Analysis may offer valuable methods for bridging the gap between first-person and third-person accounts of the mind. Using both systematic observational approaches alongside unstructured narrative interactions, psychoanalysts help patients articulate their experience and bring unconscious mental contents into awareness...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
Franck Ramus
Neuropsychoanalysis is a new school of thought attempting to bridge neuroscience and psychoanalysis. Yet few neuroscientists and psychiatrists would have heard of it if it had not recently received public support from notable neuroscientists. The present paper discusses whether such support is warranted.
September 2013: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Joseph Dodds
Neuropsychoanalysis explores experimentally and theoretically the philosophically ancient discussion of the relation of mind and body, and seems well placed to overcome the problem of a "mindless" neuroscience and a "brainless" psychology and psychotherapy, especially when combined with a greater awareness that the body itself, not only the brain, provides the material substrate for the emergent phenomenon we call mind. However, the mind-brain-body is itself situated within a complex ecological world, interacting with other mind-brain-bodies and the "non-human environment...
2013: Frontiers in Psychology
Udi Bonshtein
This article provides a meta-theoretical framework, which can be applied to hypnosis, based on relational (intersubjective) psychoanalysis. The relationship between hypnosis and psychoanalysis is reviewed by describing three splits: (a) psychoanalysis split off from brain science; (b) psychoanalysis split off from hypnosis; and (c) splits within psychoanalysis itself. Reintegrations of these three splits are discussed from a meta-theoretical point of view--through neuropsychoanalysis and hypnodynamic hypnotherapy (or hypnoanalysis), which combines interpersonal and intrapersonal psychology...
2012: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Jeremy Holmes
Psychodynamic psychiatry makes a significant educational, scientific and therapeutic contribution to contemporary psychiatry. Recent developments in gene-environment interaction, neuropsychoanalysis and the accumulating evidence base for psychoanalytic therapies and their implications for practice are reviewed.
June 2012: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Georg Northoff
Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, was initially a neuroscientist but abandoned neuroscience completely after he made a last attempt to link both in his writing, "Project of a Scientific Psychology," in 1895. The reasons for his subsequent disregard of the brain remain unclear though. I here argue that one central reason may be that the approach to the brain during his time was simply not appealing to Freud. More specifically, Freud was interested in revealing the psychological predispositions of psychodynamic processes...
2012: Frontiers in Psychology
Nándor Németh
The article is the first part of a two-part-study which attempts to introduce a new interdisciplinary trend called neuropsychoanalysis. Neuropsychoanalysis aspires to integrate the knowledge of psychoanalysis, neuroscience, psychology and psychiatry. The article introduces the definition and scientific connections of neuropsychoanalysis, the role of the neuroscientific knowledge of the 19th century in the formation of psychoanalytic thought, then looks over the changes in the history of psychoanalysis and cognitive sciences which resulted in the approximation of the two fields and the birth of neuropsychoanalysis...
2011: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Vesa Talvitie, Juhani Ihanus
Neuropsychoanalysis focuses on the neural counterparts of psychoanalytically interesting phenomena and has left the difference in the metaphysical presuppositions between neuroscience and psychoanalysis unexamined. The authors analyse the logical possibilities concerning the relation between the brain and the mental unconscious in terms of the serial, parallel, epiphenomenalist and Kantian conceptions, and conclude that none of them provides a satisfactory ground for neuropsychoanalysis. As far as psychoanalytic explanations refer to the mental unconscious, they cannot be verified with the help of neuroscience...
December 2011: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Jaak Panksepp, Mark Solms
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2012: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Perrine M Ruby
Dreaming is still a mystery of human cognition, although it has been studied experimentally for more than a century. Experimental psychology first investigated dream content and frequency. The neuroscientific approach to dreaming arose at the end of the 1950s and soon proposed a physiological substrate of dreaming: rapid eye movement sleep. Fifty years later, this hypothesis was challenged because it could not explain all of the characteristics of dream reports. Therefore, the neurophysiological correlates of dreaming are still unclear, and many questions remain unresolved...
2011: Frontiers in Psychology
Ariane Bazan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2011: Frontiers in Psychology
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